Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1132
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Førde Reidun - - 2008
Clinical ethics committees have existed in Norway since 1996. By now all hospital trusts have one. An evaluation of these committees' work was started in 2004. This paper presents results from an interview study of eight clinicians who evaluated six committees' deliberations on 10 clinical cases. The study indicates that ...
Leget Carlo - - 2007
The idea that ethics is a matter of personal feeling is a dogma widespread among medical students. Because emotivism is firmly rooted in contemporary culture, the authors think that focusing on personal feeling can be an important point of departure for moral education. In this contribution, they clarify how personal ...
Bawa Raj - - 2007
Medical practice is about to enter a new era focused on the nanoscale and the practice of nanomedicine, defined as the monitoring, control, construction, repair, defense, and improvement of human biologic systems via engineered nanodevices and nanomaterials. The potential impact of nanomedicine on society is expected to be huge as ...
Hedfors Eva - - 2007
In 1948 Ludwik Fleck published a paper in Polish discussing the use of humans in medical experiments, thereby addressing his peers. Though the paper has so far not been translated or studied, it has been taken to indicate Fleck's deep commitment to ethical questions, notably the question of informed consent. ...
Tilburt Jon C - - 2007
The popularity of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) raises a range of ethical issues for practicing clinicians. Principles of biomedical ethics define obligations of health care professionals, but applying principles in particular cases at the interface of CAM and biomedicine may be particularly challenging. "Recognition of medical pluralism" can help ...
Sullivan Scott M - - 2007
In the Roman Catholic tradition the nature of the ordinary/extraordinary means distinction is best understood in light of its historical development. The moralist tradition that reared and nurtured this distinction implicitly developed a set of general criteria to distinguish the extraordinary from the ordinary. These criteria, conjoined with the context ...
Carlson Robert V - - 2007
The Declaration of Helsinki, the World Medical Association's (WMA's) statement of ethical guidelines regarding medical research, is published in the three official languages of the WMA: English, French and Spanish. A detailed comparison of the three official language versions was carried out to determine ways in which they differed and ...
Wall L L - - 2007
The plight of women in poor nonindustrialized countries who have incurred catastrophic childbirth injuries, such as vesico-vaginal and recto-vaginal fistulas, from prolonged obstructed labor is receiving increased attention from the world medical community. While the good intentions that have prompted this greater concern are not in doubt, intentions by themselves ...
Wahlberg Ayo - - 2007
The figure of the 'miracle cure'-peddling quack pretending spectacular properties for worthless tonics is iconic. From their 19th century traveling wagon shows to their 21st century Internet spam scams, hucksters and cranks have been consistently targeted by health authorities as a danger to public health. Yet, in this paper, I ...
Richards Bernadette - - 2007
Organ donation after cardiac death increases organ availability, but raises several legal and ethical issues, including consent. Medical interventions for people who are unconscious usually require guardian consent and must meet patients' best-interests standards. Antemortem procedures can improve the success of organ transplant after cardiac death, but do not serve ...
Claudot Frédérique - - 2007
AIM: To carry out an appropriate overview and inventory of the teaching of ethics within the European Union Schools of Medicine. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent by email to 45 randomly selected medical schools from each of 23 countries in the European Union in February 2006. RESULTS: 25 schools of ...
Norris Robert - - 2007
The International Society for Medical Publication Professionals (ISMPP) is an independent, nonprofit professional association with members from the pharmaceutical, medical device, and biotechnology industries; publication planning and medical communications companies; academia; and medical journal staffs, including editors and publishers. ISMPP's mission is to support the educational needs of medical publication ...
Cameron Elizabeth - - 2007
Restrictive covenants--also called noncompete clauses--in physician contracts can be a contentious issue, sometimes inspiring litigation. They pose many questions for medical practice administrators. Are restrictive covenants really necessary to protect a medical group? Are they ethical? Does their use deny medical care to patients? And how do they apply to ...
Johnston Carolyn - - 2007
The teaching of ethics in UK medical schools has recently been reviewed, from the perspective of the teachers themselves. A questionnaire survey of medical undergraduates at King's College London School of Medicine provides useful insight into the students' perception of ethics education, what they consider to be the value of ...
Rideau Y - - 2007
The medical entity "muscular dystrophy" has been the object of a recent opinion campaign aimed at promoting a law in favour of euthanasia. This disease has become, in the eyes of the public, a media model of a particularly severe and incurable disease. This very widespread statement does not correspond ...
Breen Kerry J - - 2007
Recent publications on medical professionalism have created an impression of a medical profession under siege in several countries. These publications recommend a new approach to medical professionalism to assist the profession to respond to new challenges. I suggest that the issue is not one of failed professionalism, but a shift ...
Wiwanitkit Viroj - - 2007
Left samples from laboratory analysis can be a major waste in medicine. At present, waste can be reused for new purposes such as medical research. In the present article, the author will discuss clinical pathology ethics in this respectO). 1. What is good waste management? Based on clinical pathology principles, ...
Sarmiento A - - 2007
Members of the medical profession spend a long time and financial resources acquiring the knowledge necessary for the discharge of their responsibilities; therefore, they should be appropriately compensated for the services they provide. However, it has become obvious, at least in the United States, that excessive emphasis on profit making ...
Cooley Dennis R - - 2007
It has been argued that, on Kantian grounds, pedophiles, rapists and murderers are morally obligated to take their own lives prior to committing a violent action that will end their moral agency. That is, to avoid destroying the agent's moral life by performing a morally suicidal action, the agent, while ...
Campbell Alastair V - - 2007
This article examines the challenges that medical ethics education faces, given its aim of producing ethical doctors. Starting with an account of the ethical doctor, it then inquires into the key areas of medical students' ethical development, viz. knowledge, habituation and action, and describes more specific outcomes in these areas. ...
Aarons D E - - 2007
Medical Councils or Boards are the de facto gatekeepers of the work of medical doctors and their interaction with the public. This article examines some of the ethical and medico-legal issues that may arise when biomedical doctors are not licensed in a particular year to practice medicine. It scrutinizes pertinent ...
Soini S - - 2007
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) aims to safeguard the reproductive confidence of couples who have an increased risk of having a child with a serious hereditary disease. Non-directive genetic counselling is an essential part of PGD. Lately, performance of PGD for some new and non-medical indications, such as selecting for a ...
Sen Piyal - - 2007
One approach to the analysis of ethical dilemmas in medical practice uses the "four principles plus scope" approach. These principles are: respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence and justice, along with concern for their scope of application. However, conflicts between the different principles are commonplace in psychiatric practice, especially in forensic ...
Russo Michael B - - 2007
Culture and public opinion strongly influence debates on ethics-and what may be ethically acceptable to one nationality may be unacceptable to others. In military operations, some cognitive performance enhancement technologies are more ethically controversial than others. Of the enhancement technologies, use of psychoactive pharmaceuticals to alter behavior in healthy humans ...
Reznik David L - - 2007
In a qualitative study of urban Trinidadians who work in the medical industry, the concept of medical globalization was provisionally analysed. Two research questions were addressed: what is globalization, in the context of mainstream medicine, and how is this process manifested in everyday practices? Four fundamental principles of medical globalization ...
Madden Bill - - 2007
Although much excellent work has been done in Australia and elsewhere to improve the safety and quality of health care provision, the practice of medicine is inherently risky--adverse events sometimes occur. In Australia, practical guidelines for the open disclosure of adverse events to patients have been developed and are being ...
Papadodima Stavroula A - - 2008
Respect for confidentiality is firmly established in codes of ethics and law. Medical care and the patients' trust depend on the ability of the doctors to maintain confidentiality. Without a guarantee of confidentiality, many patients would want to avoid seeking medical assistance The principle of confidentiality, however, is not absolute ...
Mendelson Danuta - - 2007
When assessing decisional competence of patients, psychiatrists have to balance the patients' right to personal autonomy, their condition and wishes against principles of medical ethics and professional discretion. This article explores the age-old legal and ethical dilemmas posed by refusal of vital medical treatment by patients and their mental capacity ...
Tam Christopher - - 2007
A significant proportion of patients of assertive community treatment (ACT) teams will adamantly refuse medication. Whether the team should continue to encourage medication or put a hold on advocating for medication is a clinical and ethical dilemma. On the basis of their clinical experiences, the authors propose best-practices criteria that ...
- - 2007
Recommendations to patients about testing should be based on current medical knowledge, a concern for the patient's best interests, and mutual consultation. In addition to establishing a diagnosis, testing provides opportunities to educate, inform, and advise. The ethical principles of respect for autonomy (patient choice) and beneficence (concern for the ...
Schroeder D - - 2007
Benefit sharing has been a recurrent theme in international debates for the past two decades. However, despite its prominence in law, medical ethics and political philosophy, the concept has never been satisfactorily defined. In this conceptual paper, a definition that combines current legal guidelines with input from ethics debates is ...
Takala Tuija T Centre for Social Ethics and Policy, School of Law, The University of Manchester, Williamson Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M1 5NG, UK. - - 2007
It is commonly held that respect for autonomy is one of the most important principles in medical ethics. However, there are a number of interpretations as to what that respect actually entails in practice and a number of constraints have been suggested even on our self-regarding choices. These limits are ...
Banfi Roberto - - 2007
In Italy mifepristone is not yet marketed. Gynaecologists in our hospital asked to use this medication as a less traumatic method for voluntary abortions. We followed the standard procedure defined by the Italian Health Ministry (IMH) for purchasing drugs from abroad but encountered several unexpected barriers. Starting from this case, ...
Combes Robert - - 2007
A critical analysis is presented of the reports produced by four Technical Expert Working Group Sub-groups (SGs) on Ethical Review, Cost-Benefit, Authorisation and Scope, which were published on the EC website (http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/lab_animals/ia_info_en.htm), as part of the European Commission (EC)s review of EU Directive 86/609 EEC. This is in addition to ...
Doyle D - - 2007
In the first papers in this series, it was shown that eponyms were often bestowed on physicians and surgeons who were already famous, had made many discoveries never honoured with eponyms, and were often the leading doctors of their day. Only occasionally was the eponym suggested by a friend or ...
Morgan Elaine R - - 2007
This manuscript assesses the risks, benefits, and ethical concerns regarding the use of assisted reproductive techniques (ART) to create a new donor for stem cell transplantation. We address ethical literature, the medical and psychosocial impact on patient, donor, family, and medical caregivers, and the appropriate decision-making process. We conclude that ...
Miller Franklin G - - 2007
The doctrine of clinical equipoise is appealing because it appears to permit physicians to maintain their therapeutic obligation to offer optimal medical care to patients while conducting randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The appearance, however, is deceptive. In this article we argue that clinical equipoise is defective and incoherent in multiple ...
Schmidt Ulf - - 2007
The paper provides a critical commentary on the article by Baker and McCullough on Medical Ethic's Appropriation of Moral Philosophy. The author argues that Baker and McCullough offer a more "pragmatic" approach to the history of medical ethics that has the potential to enrich the bioethics field with a greater ...
Nguyen Leanh - - 2007
This article aims to document the psychic injuries of torture. Psychic deadness, erasure of intersubjectivity, refusal of meaning-making, perversion of agency, and an inability to bear desire constitute the core features of the post-traumatic landscape of torture. The existential challenges in traumatized lives is examined, and questions are also raised ...
Strous Rael D - - 2007
Eponyms are titles of medical disorders named for individuals who originally described the condition. They also help us remember and identify the disorder. Medicine is replete with them, and changing them or eradicating them, for whatever reason, is not simple. But when there is a moral issue involved - for ...
Padela Aasim I - - 2007
Modern medical practice is becoming increasingly pluralistic and diverse. Hence, cultural competency and awareness are given more focus in physician training seminars and within medical school curricula. A renewed interest in describing the varied ethical constructs of specific populations has taken place within medical literature. This paper aims to provide ...
Heng Boon Chin - - 2007
Pertinent ethical and legal issues in the international transaction of donor sperm and eggs are discussed. Firstly, there may be legislative and ethical "contradiction" by the local health authority in permitting import of donor gametes, due to varying policies on donor reimbursement in different countries. This is particularly significant in ...
Ives J - - 2007
In a recent paper published in the Journal of Medical Ethics, Le Morvan and Stock claim that the kantian ideal of treating people always as ends in themselves and never merely as a means is in direct and insurmountable conflict with the current medical practice of allowing practitioners at the ...
Seiler C M - - 2007
To examine the current ethical review process (ERP) of ethics committees in a non-pharmacological trial from the perspective of a clinical investigator. Prospective collection of data at the Study Centre of the German Surgical Society on the duration, costs and administrative effort of the ERP of a randomised controlled multicentre ...
Kaufman Kenneth R - - 2007
Antidoping codes in sport are intended to deter and sanction athletes using performance-enhancing agents while promoting an even playing field for all competitors. Although the World Anti-Doping Code (WADC) permits anticonvulsants in general, harmonization of antidoping permits an international sport federation (IF) to prohibit specific medications within that IF. The ...
Leget Carlo - - 2007
North Atlantic culture lacks a commonly shared view on dying well that helps the dying, their social environment and caregivers to determine their place and role, interpret death and deal with the process of ethical deliberation. What is lacking nowadays, however, has been part of Western culture in medieval times ...
Downie, R. S.
Critiquing many areas of medical practice and research whilst making constructive suggestions about medical education, this book extends the scope of medical ethics beyond sole concern with regulation. Illustrating some humanistic ways of understanding patients, this volume explores the connections between medical ethics, healthcare and subjects, such as philosophy, literature, ...
Boyd J Wesley - - 2007
The objective of this study was to ascertain how much U.S. medical students are taught about and know about military medical ethics, the Geneva Conventions, and the laws governing conscription of medical personnel. The authors developed an Internet-based questionnaire on these matters, and e-mail invitations to participate were sent to ...
McCullough Laurence B - - 2007
The clinical ethics literature is striking for the absence of an important genre of scholarship that is common to the literature of clinical medicine: systematic reviews. As a consequence, the field of clinical ethics lacks the internal, corrective effect of review articles that are designed to reduce potential bias. This ...
Lobo Antunes J - - 2007
It has become more and more apparent that some aspects of current medical practice can no longer be kept solely within the private preserve of the profession. Medical error is now treated in an open fashion because it is clear that frank debate over its incidence, causes and mechanisms are ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >