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Lee Seung Soon SS Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, - - 2014
Hand hygiene compliance has improved significantly through hand hygiene promotion programs that have included poster campaign, monitoring and performance feedback, and education with special attentions to perceived subjective norms. We investigated factors associated with improved hand hygiene compliance, focusing on whether the improvement of hand hygiene compliance is associated with ...
Shehnaz Syed Ilyas SI Gulf Medical University , United Arab - - 2014
Abstract We developed, through a three-round modified Delphi technique, an inventory [Assessment of Medical Education Environment by Teachers (AMEET)] to assess viewpoints of medical faculty on educational environment experienced by teachers. In Round 1, 16 members from international settings graded (0-3) and modified an initial list of statements, or suggested ...
Leuba Kohana D - - 2013
Biofilms formed by antibiotic resistant continue to be a problem for medical devices. Antibiotic resistant bacteria (such as ) often complicate the treatment and healing of the patient, yet, medical devices are needed to heal such patients. Therefore, methods to treat these Biofilms once formed on medical devices are badly ...
Iseki Kunitoshi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a predictor of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Therefore, the medical expenses are higher with the decrease in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). However, few studies have examined the medical expenses according to the baseline GFR. METHODS: We investigated the relationship between GFR ...
Sagili S - - 2012
Dry eye disease (DED) is a frequent problem in ophthalmology, causing considerable morbidity. DED is a multifactorial disease and requires a comprehensive approach in identifying the potential contributing factors. Often, clinicians overlook the fact that systemic medications are a cause of dry eye. We report two patients who developed symptoms ...
López-Jornet Pía - - 2011
We describe the case of a 50-year-old woman with asymptomatic, irregularly outlined macule, dark in color on the hard palate. Antecedents include antimalarial medication for lupus erythematous subacute. After a histopathological study, differential diagnoses are presented.
Afshinnia Farsad - - 2011
Background: Amiodarone is a class III antiarrhythmic agent that is widely used in the treatment of a variety of arrhythmias. Several different systemic side effects are reported after use of this medication. In this article, we report a case that had developed syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) after starting ...
Caffrey Niamh - - 2011
Questionnaires on methods of euthanasia used in Canadian animal shelters were sent to 196 Canadian animal shelters yielding 67 responses. Sodium pentobarbital injection was the only method of euthanasia used by 61% of establishments that euthanized dogs and 53% of the establishments that euthanized cats. Many of these establishments used ...
Fischer Shira H - - 2010
Medication errors are a major source of morbidity and mortality. Inadequate laboratory monitoring of high-risk medications after initial prescription is a medical error that contributes to preventable adverse drug events. Health information technology (HIT)-based clinical decision support may improve patient safety by improving the laboratory monitoring of high-risk medications, but ...
Wright Adam - - 2010
The patient problem list is an important component of clinical medicine. The problem list enables decision support and quality measurement, and evidence suggests that patients with accurate and complete problem lists may have better outcomes. However, the problem list is often incomplete. To determine whether association rule mining, a data ...
Morandi Pierre-Alain - - 2010
The aim of this study was to provide inter-laboratory imprecision comparisons of different groups of diagnostic systems as well as a comparison of professional laboratories with medical offices performance on the basis of 88,429 glucose results obtained in external quality assessment (EQA) schemes organized by three European EQA centers between ...
Thomson Richard B RB - - 2010
Clinical microbiology laboratory directors come from diverse backgrounds with overlapping but not identical training experiences. Although director responsibilities are defined by CLIA legislation, there is no standardization of job descriptions among hospital or university settings. One job that would make the microbiology director indispensable, if done well, is clinical consultation. ...
Tjia Jennifer - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To develop guidelines to monitor high-risk medications and to assess the prevalence of laboratory testing for these medications among a multispecialty group practice. STUDY DESIGN: Safety intervention trial. METHODS: We developed guidelines for the laboratory monitoring of high-risk medications as part of a patient safety intervention trial. An advisory ...
Boling Warren W - - 2010
In the early twentieth century, the German laboratories of Spielmeyer and the Vogts proposed competing pathogenetic theories for Ammon's horn sclerosis. Spielmeyer's vascular pathogenesis theory was initially preferred, but the Vogts' Pathoklise theory was later favored. From 1925 to 1927, Uchimura worked in the Spielmeyer's laboratory. There, Uchimura first described ...
Flegar-Mestri? Zlata - - 2010
Since 2003 when the international norm for implementation of quality management in medical laboratories (EN ISO 15189, Medical laboratories--Particular requirements for quality and competence) was established and accepted, accreditation has become practical, generally accepted method of quality management and confirmation of technical competence of medical laboratories in the whole world. ...
Graikos Anastasios - - 2010
The objective of this work was to determine the composition and production rate of medical waste from the health care facility of social insurance institute, a small waste producer in Xanthi, Greece. Specifically, produced medical waste from the clinical pathology (medical microbiology) laboratory, the X-ray laboratory and the surgery and ...
Hernandez James S - - 2010
Because the practice of pathology and laboratory medicine evolves rapidly, laboratory medical directors must constantly introduce new tests and services and continue to provide consistent, reliable results for existing tests. Innovations in laboratory medicine are frequently introduced, and the number of commercial vendors of test kits and reagents increases yearly. ...
Burnett David - - 2010
On May 28-29, 2009, a number of medical laboratory opinion leaders, pathologists and biochemists met in Sitges, Spain to discuss issues of interest to medical laboratory professionals. The meeting was sponsored by Bio-Rad Laboratories Inc. (Hercules, CA). Over 40 persons representing Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Great Britain, Israel, ...
Chang Kevin C - - 2010
In today's environment, providers are extremely time-constrained. Assembling relevant contextual data to make decisions on laboratory results can take a significant amount of time from the day. The Regenstrief Institute has created a system which leverages data within Indiana Health Information Exchange's (IHIE's) repository, the Indiana Network for Patient Care ...
Hsu Vivien M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Scleroderma Lung Study (SLS) was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral cyclophosphamide (CYC) versus placebo taken for 1 year for scleroderma-associated interstitial lung disease. An independent medication control officer (MCO), usually a physician, at each center was assigned to monitor laboratory and clinical toxicity of study ...
Berbatis Constantine G - - 2009
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Pseudoephedrine is a precursor often diverted into the illegal manufacture of amphetamine type substances (ATS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a linked electronic medication recording system (LEMS) established in Australian pharmacies in 2005 for preventing the diversion of pseudoephedrine. DESIGN AND ...
Washington Michael - - 2009
During the period of 1965-1968, over two dozen Army microbiologists were deployed to various locations in Southeast Asia in support of the Vietnam War. Their role was to serve both a clinical laboratory mission/function at the mobile Army surgical hospital and mobile laboratory level as well as to perform research ...
Carden Robert - - 2009
Medical technologists (MTs) and technicians fill key roles in blood centers and hospital transfusion services. There is a concern that the number of new technologists and technicians entering the field is insufficient to keep up with demand created by the retirement of current personnel and continuing technological innovation. The American ...
Lavie Carl J - - 2009
Dr Lavie graduated from Louisiana State University Medical School, LA, USA, in 1983 and performed his internship and residency in internal medicine at the Ochsner Medical Institution, LA, USA. He subsequently completed a fellowship in cardiovascular diseases at the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA, where he also ...
Stewart Larry - - 2009
Experiments in pneumatic chemistry paved the way for medical innovation in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. Thomas Beddoes and James Watt were instrumental in the spread of the use of new gas chemistry in pneumatic therapy, but they were far from alone. There was no shortage of experimental ...
Roux Clarisse - - 2010
Healthy volunteers must undergo a medical examination before enrollment in a clinical trial. An increasing number of trials include specific populations designed to match the target populations of the drugs tested. Our study aimed at evaluating which investigations are the most appropriate in different sub-populations of healthy volunteers. Data from ...
Caplan Jason P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) have become ubiquitously used as anticoagulants because of their comparative safety and ease of use; however they may be fatal if taken in overdose, and lack of familiarity with their pharmacology may hinder appropriate care. OBJECTIVE: The author reports a case of feigned LMWH overdose so ...
Bravo Lulette Tricia C - - 2009
The past decade has seen a surge in the development of a variety of molecular diagnostics designed to rapidly identify or characterize medically important microorganisms. We briefly review important advances in molecular microbiology, and then discuss specific assays that have been implemented in clinical microbiology laboratories throughout the country. We ...
Miller Ian - - 2009
One of the primary aims of late nineteenth-century laboratory experimentation was to ground understandings of illness and disease within new regimes of science. It was also hoped that clinical practice would become increasingly complemented by discoveries and technologies accrued from emergent forms of modern medical enquiry, and that, ultimately, this ...
Li Hui - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To review the current status of laboratory quality regulations and accreditation standards in Canada. DESIGN AND METHODS: The review is written based on information collected by survey questionnaires, a comprehensive review of available websites, and personal communications. RESULTS: Accreditation of medical laboratories in Canada is regulated by provincial health ...
Yanikkaya-Demirel Gulderen - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Our laboratory was accredited for 531 tests according to ISO 15189 standard (ISO 15189:2003 Medical laboratories--Particular requirements for quality and competence specifies the quality management system requirements particular to medical laboratories) in 2007. An ambitious and young group of laboratory personnel has spent efforts with commitment and dedication to ...
Qutishat Ala S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate and describe the current status of quality regulations and accreditation standards in the medical laboratories in Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: Describe the demography of Jordan. Classify the medical laboratories by health sectors. Describe the authority bodies in regard to health sectors and medical laboratories. Review the current ...
Palmer Robert B - - 2009
Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) is a direct phase-II metabolite of ethanol formed through the UDP-glucuronosyl transferase catalyzed conjugation of ethanol with glucuronic acid. It has been detected in many antemortem and postmortem biological matrices using a variety of analytical methods. Due to its long urinary elimination time, detectability in hair, specificity ...
Bicakci Zafer - - 2009
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is an enzyme, playing an important role in the redox metabolism of all aerobic cells. It was reported that certain medications, fava beans, and infections can trigger acute hemolytic anemia in patients with G6PD deficiency. An 8-year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital with blood in ...
Kaufmann Petra - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the spectrum of clinical symptoms, signs, and laboratory features associated with A3243G, a mitochondrial DNA point mutation that affects multiple organs with varying severity, making the diagnosis and treatment of these patients complex. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Columbia University Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 123 matrilineal ...
Ranne Anne - - 2009
Advances in clinical laboratory medicine have created an opportunity for clinical laboratory scientists to assume a new role--the role of educator in the integrated healthcare system. A gap created between critical laboratory test results and medical decisions requires the translation of laboratory results into meaningful clinical guidelines. This article suggests ...
Langlois Michel R - - 2009
To face the economic pressures arising from the current socio-economic conjuncture, hospital laboratories are endangered by an increasing trend towards the outsourcing of clinical laboratory tests to external (mega-) laboratories. This should allow hospitals to meet their economic requirements, but with an increased risk of loss of medical quality and, ...
Sylvie Maugat - - 2008
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Burd Martin - - 2008
Biologists have long been aware that adaptations should not be analysed in isolation from the function of the whole organism. Here, we address the equivalent issue at the scale of a social insect colony: the optimality of component behaviours in a partitioned sequence of tasks. In colonies of Atta colombica, ...
Talaulikar Dipti - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: It is recognised that medical students' perceptions of pathology can be improved by presenting pathology curricula in a clinically oriented manner. This study investigated how pathology teaching could be made more clinically relevant, using the coagulation laboratory practical for Year 2 students at the Australian National University Medical School ...
Mascini M - - 2008
At present, most biomarker testing is taking place at centralised dedicated laboratories using large, automated analysers, increasing waiting time and costs. Smaller, faster and cheaper devices are highly desired for replacing these time-consuming laboratory analyses and for making analytical results available at the patient's bedside (point-of-care diagnostics). Innovative biosensor-based strategies ...
Leibson Tom - - 2008
Organophosphate and carbamate are mainly used to kill insects, thereby protecting livestock, crops, homes and communities. Yet, these compounds also convey great danger. OP and CRB poisoning is an important clinical problem, often life-threatening, especially in the pediatric population in rural areas where reaching a physician or hospital on time ...
McKee Sherry A SA Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, USA. - - 2009
Use of human laboratory analogues of smoking behavior can provide an efficient, cost-effective mechanistic evaluation of a medication signal on smoking behavior, with the result of facilitating translational work in medications development. Although a number of human laboratory models exist to investigate various aspects of smoking behavior and nicotine dependence ...
Backes John - - 2008
The requirement for safety testing of clinical laboratory medical equipment is regarded as essential to ensure that apparatus does not pose a user or patient hazard. John Backes, sales and product manager, Rigel Medical, considers the implications of the new IEC standard for the in-service and post-repair testing of electromedical ...
Nutt Louise - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that most laboratory errors occur in the preanalytical phase of testing. In view of the paucity of studies examining preanalytical errors, we evaluated our laboratory request forms for the frequency and impact of incomplete data. METHODS: This study examined all request forms received at our laboratory ...
Courtney James - - 2008
A 67 year-old male presented to the emergency department with alteration in mental status. On arrival he had vital signs: pulse 110, BP 173/83, respiratory rate 4, oxygen saturation 57% and temperature 36.1 degrees Celsius. His past medical history included hypertension, vitamin B12 deficiency, hyperlipidemia, and recurrent cellulitis treated with ...
Arpesella C - - 2008
We report the direct measurement of the 7Be solar neutrino signal rate performed with the Borexino detector at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso. The interaction rate of the 0.862 MeV 7Be neutrinos is 49+/-3stat+/-4syst counts/(day.100 ton). The hypothesis of no oscillation for 7Be solar neutrinos is inconsistent with our ...
Guerra I - - 2009
The aim of this research was to investigate some of the physical and mechanical properties of concrete mixed under laboratory conditions, where different proportions of coarse aggregate materials were substituted by porcelain from sanitary installations. The results of the tests show that the concrete produced has the same mechanical characteristics ...
Kumar R - - 2008
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is an acquired disorder in which normal hemostatic balance is disturbed. There is excessive thrombin formation leading to fibrin deposition in microcirculation and consequent ischemic organ damage. The etiology is multifactorial. A number of medical, surgical, oncological and obstetrical conditions can cause DIC. The diagnosis is ...
Schmid Klaus - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Due to new legal requirements in Germany, the employer must request preventive medical check-ups for activities involving exposure to dust from experimental animals in the rooms in which the animals are kept. The objective is to report our first experiences with these medical check-ups in the context of academic ...
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