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Bert Julien - - 2013
Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) plays a key role in medical applications, especially for emission tomography and radiotherapy. However MCS is also associated with long calculation times that prevent its use in routine clinical practice. Recently, graphics processing units (GPU) became in many domains a low cost alternative for the acquisition ...
Guardiola C - - 2013
The accurate detection and dosimetry of neutrons in mixed and pulsed radiation fields is a demanding instrumental issue with great interest both for the industrial and medical communities. In recent studies of neutron contamination around medical linacs, there is a growing concern about the secondary cancer risk for radiotherapy patients ...
Patel Rajul A RA University of the Pacific-Pharmacy - - 2013
Dual-eligible (Medicare/Medicaid) beneficiaries are randomly assigned to a benchmark plan, which provides prescription drug coverage under the Part D benefit without consideration of their prescription drug profile. To date, the potential for beneficiary assignment to a plan with poor formulary coverage has been minimally studied and the resultant financial impact ...
Malone Jim - - 2012
The EC (European Commission) Directive on radiation protection of patients requires that Criteria for Acceptability of Equipment in Diagnostic Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy be established throughout the member states. This paper reviews the background to this requirement and to its implementation in practice. It notes parallel requirements in the ...
Stevens David A - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: The growing genus Halomonas includes bacteria favoring or tolerating high-saline/halide and high-pH environments. Infections are rarely reported. A patient developed Halomonas johnsoniae (previously reported only as dialysis unit environmental contaminants) bacteremia. The medical community is alerted to the pathogenic potential of the genus, particularly in a dialysis setting.
Raghavan Rajeev - - 2012
Emergent hemodialysis is the practice of dialyzing a patient only when there is a life-threatening need for this treatment. Undocumented immigrants in many cities depend on this practice, as they are not entitled to the regularly scheduled hemodialysis treatments available to US citizens. There are several medical and ethical challenges ...
Griffiths Robert I - - 2012
Practice guidelines define hemodialysis catheter dysfunction as blood flow rate (BFR) <300 mL/min. We conducted a study using data from DaVita and the United States Renal Data System to evaluate the impact of catheter dysfunction on dialysis and other medical services. Patients were included if they had ≥8 consecutive weeks of ...
Rolland Benjamin - - 2011
Binge Drinking (BD) is often considered to be recurrent alcohol abuse amongst adolescents and young adults. However, the close link between adolescence and impulsivity has led many authors to define BD as intoxication-seeking behaviour. Medications may sometimes be justified because of the major short-term and long-term risks that underlie the ...
Kovic Ivor - - 2011
Each day, approximately 750 Europeans suffer from an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, which presents a large public health problem. In such circumstances, rapid activation of the Chain of Survival with effective and continuous realisation of its four links can have a large impact on survival. Mobile phones, which have become the ...
Emmerich Nathan - - 2011
This paper considers the disciplines of literature and history and the contributions each makes to the discourse of bioethics. In each case I note the pedagogic ends that can be enacted though the appropriate use of the each of these disciplines in the sphere of medical education, particularly in the ...
Jobe Kathleen - - 2011
This article provides an overview of US humanitarian relief efforts in Haiti following the earthquake on January 12, 2010. Humanitarian aid arrived rapidly from many sources and was largely provided by organized and skilled humanitarian volunteers. There are however multiple impacts on the existing health care systems, as well as ...
Liu Eric H - - 2010
Fundamental medical principles, such as hormone action, distant physiologic regulation, and ductless secretion were once mysteries. They now form the basis of basic medical diagnostics and therapeutics. This article discusses and reviews the rich history that served as the foundation of modern medicine, from the early descriptions of tumors, to ...
Anderson Page A W PA Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2010
Patients who have undergone the Fontan procedure are at risk for thrombosis, ventricular dysfunction, and valve regurgitation, but data to guide the medical treatment and prevention of these adverse outcomes in this population are lacking. This analysis examined medication usage among Fontan patients by putative indication and by study center. ...
Silver Robert M - - 2010
Evaluation for etiology is vital in cases of stillbirth to facilitate emotional closure and for counseling regarding subsequent pregnancies. Patients should be treated in a sensitive manner and encouraged to allow an evaluation within the boundaries of their cultural and individual values. The most important components of this workup include ...
De Winter Sabrina - - 2010
Recent literature revealed that medication histories obtained by physicians and nurses are often incomplete. However, the number of patients included was often low. Study objective In this study, the authors compare medication histories obtained in the Emergency Department (ED) by pharmacists versus physicians and identify characteristics contributing to discrepancies. Medication ...
Langlands Andrew R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively review the frequency and adequacy of family histories recorded from patients admitted to a short-stay medical unit in a tertiary teaching hospital. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: A formal audit of the medical records of 300 randomly selected patients who were admitted to the Royal Perth Hospital short-stay ...
Marx Franz Josef - - 2010
PURPOSE: We comprehensively review the history of the terms "ureter" and "urethra" from 700 BC to the present. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a case study approach, ancient medical texts were analyzed to clarify the etymology and use of both terms. In addition, selected anatomy textbooks from the 15th to 17th ...
Klein Barbara E K - - 2010
To examine the relationship between the use of sun-sensitizing medications and cumulative incidence of age-related cataract. Sun exposure was estimated from residential history of adults in the Midwestern community of Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, which permitted calculation of Wisconsin sun-years at the baseline examination. Medication history was reported at each examination. ...
DeAngelis A F - - 2010
Accurate medical history information is essential for good patient care and should be notified in the letter of referral. The aim of this study was to investigate the subjective opinion that the medical information in a large number of referrals is either inaccurate or non-existent. Medical histories from 54 patients ...
Evans William N - - 2010
The conventional history of paediatric cardiology teaches that it was Helen Taussig who founded the cardiac clinic for children at the Harriet Lane Home of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in 1930, when Edwards Park appointed her director of the clinic.1,2 However, the story was more complex than that, ...
Schaffer Simon - - 2010
Franz Anton Mesmer's 1766 thesis on the influence of the planets on the human body, in which he first publicly presented his account of the harmonic forces at work in the microcosm, was substantially copied from the London physician Richard Mead's early eighteenth century tract on solar and lunar effects ...
Nayernouri Touraj - - 2010
In part one of this article I reviewed the history of Asclepius and the Caduceus of Hermes as medical symbols and made a tentative suggestion of using the mythical bird Simurgh as an Iranian symbol of medicine. In this, the second part, I shall describe the evolution of the myth ...
Changizi Ashtiyani Saeed - - 2010
Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Zakariya Razi, known in the west as Rhazes (865 to 925 AD), was born in the ancient city of Rayy, near Tehran, Iran. He was a renowned physician in medical history and not only followed Hippocrates and Galen, but also greatly extended the analytical approach of ...
Friedman Lawrence S - - 2010
19-year old male was admitted to a trauma service after falling from a height of 20 feet while rope climbing during military basic training activity. He climbed to the top of the rope but was unable to navigate a series of other activities at the top, became distracted, and fell. ...
Betteridge Pauline - - 2010
Over the past 30 years, physiotherapists have played an important role in the continuous refinement of the classification system related to sports participation for athletes with disabilities. This guest editorial is intended to provide a brief history of this evolution, an evolution that in many respects has shifted the focus ...
Muri Allison - - 2010
Scholars widely assume that the term generation, is preferable to reproduction in the context of early modern history, based on the premise that reproduction to mean procreation was not in use until the end of the eighteenth century. This shift in usage presumably corresponds to the rise of mechanistic philosophy; ...
Afshar Ahmadreza - - 2010
Medical philately provides a useful medium for the study of medical history. There are a handful of Iranian stamps which have been issued with a medical theme. This report briefly reviews the history of Iranian medicine through Iranian commemorative postage stamps. Some notable stamps are presented.
Selley Jeremy K - - 2010
Pneumaturia has long been known to be the characteristic pathognomonic finding in emphysematous cystitis. However, its history is often difficult to elicit. Imaging studies are diagnostic in the majority of emphysematous cystitis cases described in the literature. The authors present a unique case in which the patient did not admit ...
Lizer Mitsi H - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to describe vitamin and nutrient supplement practices and assess medication dosage formulations utilized in patients hospitalized with a history of bariatric surgery. Retrospective pilot study was conducted from January 1, 2006 through December 31, 2007 in patients with a past history of bariatric surgery. ...
Miller R A - - 2010
The INTERNIST-1/Quick Medical Reference (QMR) diagnostic decision support project spans four decades, from 1971-onward. This paper describes the history of the project and details insights gained of relevance to the general clinical and informatics communities.
Clarac François - - 2010
The history of neurology in France is characterized by the very high degree of centralization in that country where "everything seems to happen in Paris," and yet the considerable degree of autonomous diversity in the evolution of some other medical schools such as Montpellier and Strasbourg. It could be argued ...
Waldman H Barry - - 2010
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) represents a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not considered to be part of conventional medicine. Nevertheless, 83 million adults and 8.5 million children used these products and services in 2007 alone, spending almost $34 billion out-of-pocket for ...
Nayernouri Touraj - - 2010
This is the first of two articles reviewing the history of medical symbols. In this first article I have briefly reviewed the evolution of the Greek god, Asclepius, (and his Roman counterpart Aesculapius) with the single serpent entwined around a wooden rod as a symbol of western medicine and have ...
Joosse N Peter - - 2010
'Abd al-Latīf al-Baghdādī's (d. 1231) work Book of the Two Pieces of Advice (Kitāb al Nasīhatayn) challenges the idea that Islamic medicine declined after the twelfth century AD. Moreover, it offers some interesting insights into the social history of medicine. 'Abd al-Latīf advocated using the framework of Greek medical epistemology ...
Melling Joseph - - 2010
The history of silicosis provides an important chapter in the history of occupational and environmental health. Recent historical scholarship has drawn attention to the importance of patient attitudes, popular protests, and compensation claims in the formation of a "lay epidemiology" of such a disease, frequently challenging the scientific orthodoxies devised ...
Boyd C A R - - 2010
New clinical and employment information, together with over-looked previously published information, on a patient (H.C.) is reviewed. H.C., who died at the age of 76 in 1939, was found, by chance during anatomical dissection, to lack a cerebellum. This synthesis challenges an unusual and interesting account of cerebellar agenesis published ...
Landtblom Anne-Marie - - 2010
The personal diary of Sir Augustus d'Est?, born 1794 grandson of King George III of England, reveals a medical history strongly suggesting that Augustus suffered from multiple sclerosis (MS). It could well be the first record of a person having this disease. Charcot coined the term scl?rose en plaques 20 ...
Yusuff Kazeem B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify probable factors underlying inadequacy of medication history information recorded in patients' case notes by physicians in an ambulatory tertiary care setting in Nigeria. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, with a pre-tested 25-item questionnaire, of 93 physicians at the nine medical units in the Department of Medicine ...
Santoro Giuseppe - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe representative Western philosophical, theological, and scientific ideas regarding the nature and location of the soul from the Egyptians to the contemporary period; and to determine the principal themes that have structured the history of the development of the concept of the soul and the implications of the ...
Mandel Lee R - - 2009
At the age of 43 years, John F. Kennedy was the youngest man ever elected president. Throughout both his campaign and his presidency, he was portrayed as the epitome of youth and vigor. In fact, he had the most complex medical history of anyone to occupy the White House. The ...
Sheynkin Yefim R - - 2009
Vasectomy as a medical term is a misnomer because only part of the vas deferens is excised during the procedure. Vas deferens as an anatomic structure was not a subject of significant clinical and research interest until the nineteenth century. It is difficult to find another surgical procedure as simple ...
Morrow Lisa A - - 2009
Risk factors for cognitive decline in ageing are multifactorial, including medical co-morbidities and familial genetic risk. To assess the effect of medical co-morbidity and family history of dementia on cognitive performance in older outpatients of family practitioners. Analysis of 535 outpatients from 11 practices aged 65 and older, without a ...
Nicolau A E - - 2009
The first description of the transabdominal approach for hernia repair was written by Demetrius Cantemir, Prince of Moldavia and encyclopedic scholar, in his 1716 Latin manuscript "Incrementa et decrementa Aulae Othomaniae" ("The history of the Growth and Decay of the Ottoman Empire"). This manuscript was one of the most important ...
Lann Meredith A - - 2009
Medical examiners often receive cases with limited medical history. Sometimes the medical history received is slightly skewed, or even incorrect. Here we describe a case which was initially referred to the Bexar County Medical Examiner's Office from a large community hospital as a case of zolpidem overdose. The deceased presented ...
Alexander J Wesley - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Silver has been used extensively throughout recorded history for a variety of medical purposes. METHODS: A review of the literature in English was undertaken, primarily using PUBMED, to identify the medical uses of silver before the clinical introduction of antibiotics in the 1940s. RESULTS: Silver has been used for ...
Josef Marx Franz - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We comprehensively review the history of the word "prostate" and related terms from 600 BC to the present. METHODS: Both medical and non-medical ancient texts were searched to clarify the term's etymology and use. Anatomy textbooks of the 16th through the 18th century were analyzed to identify descriptions, illustrations ...
Modenesi P - - 2009
Lichens growing on skulls were known in late medieval times as usnea or moss of a dead man's skull and were recommended as highly beneficial in various diseases. They were, in addition, the main ingredient of Unguentum armariun, a liniment used in a curious medical practice: the magnetic cure of ...
Abdel-Halim Rabie
With few exceptions, most of the current publications on history of urology still ignore the scientific and technological events of the more than a thousand years between the Greco-Roman times and the modern era. This has broken an important link in the globally continuous line of progress and evolution of ...
Brothers Ann - - 2009
The installation of an 1849 Savory & Moore Pharmacy has been a popular attraction for visitors, yet under-utilised in the Museum as a means through which a deeper understanding of the making and taking of medication could be told. The opportunity to research and present these stories to a wider ...
Shepherd Greene - - 2009
PURPOSE: The frequency of incomplete medication histories obtained at triage in an emergency department (ED) is described. METHODS: The survey of medication histories collected during ED triage was conducted during a 20-week period. Data collection occurred on weekdays during the dayshift for 15 hours per week for a total of ...
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