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Alhalaiqa Fadwa F Faculty of Nursing, Philadelphia University, Amman, Jordan Fhalaiqa@philadelphia.edu.jo - - 2014
To assess the validity and reliability of the Arabic version of the Beliefs About Medication Questionnaire, a cross-sectional design was used and the data were collected from 605 patients with chronic diseases. The study was conducted between July 2013 and December 2013. The results showed that the Cronbach's alpha coefficient ...
Leombruni Paolo P Clinical Psychology and Psycho-Oncology Unit, 'Rita Levi Montalcini' Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin, 15, Via Cherasco, 10126, Turin, - - 2014
Medical educators agree that empathy is essential for physicians' professionalism and most studies on the patient-physician relationship demonstrate that this attitude has a key role in improving clinical outcomes. Literature findings show conflicting views in defining and measuring empathy. Nevertheless, the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) is a psychometric tool ...
Powter Louise L Department of Acute Medicine, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK - - 2014
Medical short stay units help to increase patient flow and decrease length of stay, but selecting appropriate patients for admission to such units is difficult. The selection tool used in our unit was effective but cumbersome to apply. We collected prospective data on 297 unselected emergency medical admissions and developed ...
Carr Sandra E - - 2014
Little recent published evidence explores the relationship between academic performance in medical school and performance as a junior doctor. Although many forms of assessment are used to demonstrate a medical student's knowledge or competence, these measures may not reliably predict performance in clinical practice following graduation. This descriptive cohort study ...
Ellis Jason A JA 1Department of Neurological Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, New York 2Institute for Critical Care Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New - - 2014
The use of antiplatelet medications has greatly expanded and this has been associated with an increased rate of complications after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The influence of antiplatelet medications on outcomes after non-aneurysmal SAH is unknown. To analyze the frequency and impact on outcome of antiplatelet medication use among patients ...
Rahimi Fariborz F London Health Sciences Centre, Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, ON, Canada Department of Electrical Engineering, Bonab University, Bonab, - - 2014
Background: Functional motor impairments including mobility are major reasons for clinical intervention and medication adjustment in symptomatic therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD). Outcome measures used to assess the impact of medication are mostly based on patients' memory or diaries which, considering the gaps between visits, are neither objective nor very ...
Colbert-Getz Jorie M JM Dr. Colbert-Getz is senior director of medical education development and assessment, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah. Ms. Kim is a fourth-year medical student, University of Sydney Medical School, Sydney, Australia. Ms. Goode is a clinical librarian, William H. Welch Medical Library, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Dr. Shochet is assistant professor of medicine and director, Colleges Advisory Program, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Dr. Wright is professor of medicine and division chief, Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Although most agree that supportive learning environments (LEs) are essential for effective medical education, an accurate assessment of LE quality has been challenging for educators and administrators. Two previous reviews assessed LE tools used in the health professions; however, both have shortcomings. The primary goal of this systematic review was ...
Campagna Elizabeth J EJ University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, 13199 E. Montview Blvd., Ste. 300, MS F443, Aurora, CO 80045. - - 2014
Measures of medication adherence and persistence are important for researchers and policymakers to assess quality of care. Lack of adherence has been associated with adverse outcomes and higher costs of care. Long-acting medication formulations, including injectable forms, have been proposed as interventions to increase adherence and in turn improve health ...
Solberg Leif I LI From the HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis MN (LIS, ALC, JOT, PLF, RRW, TJF); the National Committee for Quality Assurance, Washington, DC (SHS); and the Department of Family Medicine (BFC), Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ. - - 2014
Little is known about the most important organizational factors and strategies for transforming primary care clinics into patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs), so we studied this in newly certified medical homes in Minnesota. We collected the following information from the first 120 clinics serving adults to be certified: (1) a 105-item ...
Prince Daniel - - 2014
Validation by steam sterilization of reusable medical devices requires careful attention to many parameters that directly influence whether or not complete sterilization occurs. Complex implant/instrument tray systems have a variety of configurations and components. Geobacillus stearothermophilus biological indicators (BIs) are used in overkill cycles to to simulate worst case conditions ...
Gardizi Elmar E Department of Psychology, University of Windsor. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the unique contribution of self-reported medical comorbidity and insurance type on disability following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Inception cohort design at one-year follow up. Setting: The Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan (RIM). Participants: Seventy-adults with mild-complicated to severe TBI. Self-reported medical comorbidities were measured using the Modified Cumulative Illness ...
Hirsch Jan D JD Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California; Veterans Affairs of San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, - - 2014
The Medication Regimen Complexity Index (MRCI) is a 65-item instrument that can be used to quantify medication regimen complexity at the patient level, capturing all prescribed and over-the-counter medications. Although the MRCI has been used in several studies, the narrow scope of the initial validation limits application at a population ...
Sartania Nana - - 2014
The UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) and its four subtests are currently used by 26 Medical and Dental Schools in the UK for admissions. This longitudinal study examines the predictive validity of UKCAT for final performance in the undergraduate medical degree programme at one Medical School and compares this with ...
Ilic Dragan - - 2014
While a variety of instruments have been developed to assess knowledge and skills in evidence based medicine (EBM), few assess all aspects of EBM - including knowledge, skills attitudes and behaviour - or have been psychometrically evaluated. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an instrument that ...
Lee Albert S - - 2014
The Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination of the United States (COMLEX-USA) Level 1 and United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 scores are important factors in the selection process of medical students into US residency programs. The goals of this study were to investigate the correlation between the COMLEX-USA ...
Bustamante Eliseo E Departamento de Cirugía, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de La Sabana, Chía, - - 2014
Introduction: Professionalism is a subject of interest in medical schools around the world. The use of a questionnaire could be useful to assess professionalism in Colombia. Objective: To adapt The Penn State University College of Medicine Professionalism Questionnaire as a culturally valid instrument in the Spanish language. Materials and methods: ...
Beeldman Emma E Department of Neurology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam , Amsterdam , the - - 2014
Objective: Executive dysfunction occurs in 30-50% of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and is most frequently assessed with the verbal fluency test. The verbal fluency index (VFI) has been developed to correct for slowness of speech in ALS, and reflects the average thinking time per word. However, its use as ...
Blazek Mary M University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA, - - 2014
This study aims to develop a vignette-based assessment tool for medical students on the psychiatry clerkship, with the goal of capturing knowledge and clinical reasoning. The Short-Answer Vignette Exam (SAVE), four case vignettes with open-ended questions regarding assessment, differential diagnosis, management, and treatment, was developed for and administered to medical ...
Hancock Jason J University of Exeter Medical School, St Luke's Campus, Heavitree Rd, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK, - - 2014
The practice of medicine involves inherent ambiguity, arising from limitations of knowledge, diagnostic problems, complexities of treatment and outcome and unpredictability of patient response. Research into doctors' tolerance of ambiguity is hampered by poor conceptual clarity and inadequate measurement scales. We aimed to create and pilot a measurement scale for ...
Joplin Samantha K SK School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, - - 2014
To determine if showing patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) ultrasound (US) images of their inflamed joints: (i) increased belief in the necessity of medication; (ii) encouraged patient activation, that is, confidence and understanding in managing their health; and (iii) facilitated medication adherence. Eighteen patients aged ≥ 18 years old with active RA ...
Tajima T T Department of Medicine of Sensory and Motor Organs, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, - - 2014
The present study aims to improve medical systems by designing objective safety assessment criteria for rugby competitions. We evaluated 195 competitions between 2002 and 2011 using an original safety scale comprising the following sections: 1) competence of staff such as referees, medical attendants and match day doctor; 2) environment such ...
Yan Jun J School of Nursing, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
 Poor medication adherence is a major global public health challenge. A valid, reliable, cost-effective tool for measuring medication adherence would lead to a better understanding of non-adherence and lay the groundwork for interventions aimed at facilitating adherence to therapies. The aim of this study was to translate and evaluate the ...
Daniel David D SUNY Downstate College of Medicine, Brooklyn, - - 2014
Contraception is an important topic that is taught in medical school. The objective of this study is to assess contraceptive knowledge in incoming interns who have just graduated compared with students just entering medical school. A cross-sectional study was performed using a survey regarding nine methods of contraception (natural family ...
Tsui Ilene K IK Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, - - 2014
English is increasingly the medical lingua franca. We hypothesized that an intensive journal club model based on articles and questions from obstetrics and gynecology could improve written and spoken comprehension of medical English in a population of Chinese medical professionals. Participants took a three-part baseline examination (multiple choice, 15 questions), ...
Zhou Ying-Xue - - 2014
Although medical education has developed rapidly in the last decade, and the National College Entrance Examination (NCEE) is used as the "gold standard" for admission to medical college in mainland China, there is a lack of literature regarding the influence of NCEE score and other factors on the academic performance ...
Husbands Adrian - - 2014
The UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) was designed to address issues identified with traditional methods of selection. This study aims to examine the predictive validity of the UKCAT and compare this to traditional selection methods in the senior years of medical school. This was a follow-up study of two cohorts ...
Fiest Kirsten M KM Department of Community Health Sciences and Institute for Public Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
We examine improvement and worsening in quality of life (QOL) in terms of proportions achieving minimum clinically important change (MCID), and factors related to MCID, in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy randomized to medical or surgical treatment. Eighty patients with temporal lobe epilepsy randomized to surgical (n1  = 40) or medical ...
Saad Julien J Département d'ophtalmologie (JS, AG), Faculté de médecine, Université Laval, Quebec City, Canada; and Centre universitaire d'ophtalmologie et Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec (JS, AG), Hôpital de l'Enfant-Jésus, Quebec City, - - 2014
Benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) is characterized by progressive involuntary contractions of the protractor muscles, sometimes leading to a debilitating closure of the lids. It is currently treated with the injection of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A). The purpose of this study was to compare 2 BoNT/A preparations (i.e., Xeomin and Botox) ...
Thanou Aikaterini A Arthritis and Clinical Immunology Research Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Rheumatology, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center and Clinical Pharmacology Research Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City, OK, - - 2014
Objective. Accurate assessment of lupus flares is critical but problematic in clinical trials. This study examined the impact of modifications to the classic Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment (SELENA)-SLEDAI flare index (cSFI).Methods. Ninety-one SLE patient records were evaluated at two visits at which the SLEDAI and BILAG ...
Jimmy Beena B School of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy & Nursing, University of Nizwa, Nizwa, - - 2014
This pilot study aimed to assess the medication adherence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in three wilayats (districts) of the Al Dakhliyah governorate, Oman, and to identify the probable reasons for medication non-adherence. A cross-sectional questionnaire-based pilot survey was conducted among T2DM Omani patients between February and June ...
Thomas Nezbile F NF Oakland University, Rochester, - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-transcendence and medication adherence among older adults prescribed antihypertensive medication. Design: Descriptive, correlational research design. Method: Forty-six older adults who were prescribed antihypertensive medications from an independent living facility participated in this study. Participants were given a survey ...
Tian Chang-Jun CJ School of Medicine and Health Management, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430000, China, - - 2014
An evaluation scale of medical services quality was developed on the basis of "patients' experience". The questionnaires were developed by, among others, searching relevant literature, collecting well-established assessment scales, measuring patients' experience and satisfaction, brain-storming, literature analysis. Delphi method was adopted for expert consultation. Scale items were screened and revised. ...
Shashikumar R R Associate Professor, Dept of Psychiatry, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune 411040, - - 2014
Empathy is essentially a desirable quality among clinicians and can be developed during medical education. Studies from outside India have shown that higher empathy is related to better competency and choice of specialty may be related to empathy levels in them. Change in empathy levels among undergraduate medical students with ...
Tolossa Fikru Wakjira - - 2014
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is used to describe physical, cognitive, affective, and behavioral symptoms that occur cyclically during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and resolve quickly at or within a few days of the onset of menstruation. The primary aim of the study was to assess the prevalence, impacts ...
Fortuna G G Department of Oral Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center, 1000 Blythe BLVD, P.O. Box 32861, Charlotte, NC, 28232-2861, USA; D.eb.RA. Mexico Foundation, Otomí #211, casi esq. P. Elías Calles Colonia Azteca, Guadalupe N.L., 67150, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, - - 2014
We read with great interest the article of Chanal et al,(1) recently published in your Journal. We would like to congratulate with the authors, as for the first time it seems that we have the largest study on drug-induced linear IgA disease (DILAD). Authors found that in 67% of DILAD patients ...
Valdivieso Sergio S Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile School of Medicine, Santiago, Región Metropolitana, Chile, - - 2014
The authors assess the attitudes of seventh-year medical students with regard to psychiatry and patients with psychiatric illness during the psychiatry clerkship. A 32-item questionnaire regarding attitudes toward psychiatry and patients with psychiatric illness was administered at the beginning of the psychiatry clerkship. One hundred and ten seventh-year students participated ...
Norman Sarah S The University of Montana - Providence Saint Patrick Hospital, Missoula, MT, USA; The University of Arizona College of Pharmacy, Tucson, AZ, - - 2014
There are many barriers that prevent persons with mental health disorders from achieving remission, including medication nonadherence. Research on the impact of pharmacist-led patient medication education groups on patient attitudes, knowledge and adherence is limited. To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Medication Attitudes and Knowledge Questionnaire (MAKQ). A ...
Puddey Ian B - - 2014
The UMAT is widely used for selection into undergraduate medical and dental courses in Australia and New Zealand (NZ). It tests aptitudes thought to be especially relevant to medical studies and consists of 3 sections - logical reasoning and problem solving (UMAT-1), understanding people (UMAT-2) and non-verbal reasoning (UMAT-3). A ...
Griffon Nicolas - - 2014
Visualization of Concepts in Medicine (VCM) is a compositional iconic language that aims to ease information retrieval in Electronic Health Records (EHR), clinical guidelines or other medical documents. Using VCM language in medical applications requires alignment with medical reference terminologies. Alignment from Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) thesaurus and International Classification ...
Maulik Shreya S National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Powai, Mumbai, - - 2014
Technological advancement in the medical laboratories has exposed the laboratory technicians to various ergonomic hazards due to nature of their work. The study aimed to analyze the working postures, to find out the prevalence of work related musculoskeletal disorders and to investigate the relationship between musculoskeletal disorders with individual factors, ...
Hanatani Tadaaki T Division of Medicinal Safety Science, National Institute of Health Sciences, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Regulatory Science, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Aichi, - - 2014
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is one of the primary targets for pharmacovigilance using medical information databases (MIDs). Because of diagnostic complexity, a standardized method for identifying DILI using MIDs has not yet been established. We applied the Digestive Disease Week Japan 2004 (DDW-J) scale, a Japanese clinical diagnostic criteria for ...
Culig Josip - - 2014
There are a number of approaches to studying medication-taking behavior. Self-report measures have the benefits of being cheap, easy to administer, non-intrusive, and able to provide information on attitudes and beliefs about medication. Potential limitations to self-report are that the ability to understand the items, and willingness to disclose information, ...
Mohamed Somaia S Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA, - - 2014
The impact of culture on insight on illness and attitudes towards medication among patients with schizophrenia has not been well studied. We compared inpatients in the US and in China (a culture that numerous studies have shown heavily stigmatizes mental illness and psychosis), on measures of insight and acceptance of ...
Humphrey-Murto Susan S Dr. Humphrey-Murto is associate professor, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Leddy is associate professor, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Wood is a PhD researcher, Academy for Innovation in Medical Education, and assistant professor, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Puddester is associate professor and lead, Postgraduate Evaluation and Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, and director of physician health, Canadian Medical Association, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. He is also president, Canadian Association of Medical Education, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Moineau is associate professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Ottawa, secretary, Committee on Accreditation of Canadian Medical Schools and Committee on Accreditation of Continuing Medical Education, and president and chief executive officer, Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Medical school admissions committees are increasingly considering noncognitive measures like emotional intelligence (EI) in evaluating potential applicants. This study explored whether scores on an EI abilities test at admissions predicted future academic performance in medical school to determine whether EI could be used in making admissions decisions. The authors invited ...
Puddey Ian B - - 2014
Predictive validity studies for selection criteria into graduate entry courses in Australia have been inconsistent in their outcomes. One of the reasons for this inconsistency may have been failure to have adequately considered background disciplines of the graduates as well as other potential confounding socio-demographic variables that may influence academic ...
Tripoliti Elina E Unit of Functional Neurosurgery, University College London (UCL) Institute of Neurology, London, United - - 2014
Speech changes after bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) can be variable, with the majority of patients experiencing speech deterioration over time. The aim of this study was to describe the perceptual characteristics of speech following chronic STN-DBS and to analyze clinical and surgical factors that could predict speech ...
Tommelein Eline E Pharmaceutical Care Unit, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Self-report is considered most suitable to measure medication adherence in routine clinical practice. However, accuracy of self-report as a quantitative measure of adherence is not well documented. To assess the accuracy of a self-report measure of adherence (Medication Adherence Report Scale [MARS-5]) for identifying nonadherent users of inhalation medication among ...
Phillips L Alison LA The George Washington University, Washington, DC, 20052, USA, - - 2014
Patients' medication-related concerns and necessity-beliefs predict adherence. Evaluation of the potentially complex interplay of these two dimensions has been limited because of methods that reduce them to a single dimension (difference scores). We use polynomial regression to assess the multidimensional effect of stroke-event survivors' medication-related concerns and necessity beliefs on ...
Mhatre Shivani K SK College of Pharmacy, University of Houston, 1441 Moursund Street, Houston, TX, 77030, - - 2014
Over-the-counter (OTC) medication use can impact an individual's health-related quality of life (HRQoL); however, there is no instrument specifically developed to measure the impact of OTC medication use on patients' HRQoL. The aim of the study was to develop an OTC Medication Impact Scale (OTC-MIS), a generic patient-reported outcome measure ...
Hetland Amanda J AJ St. Louis College of Pharmacy, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Potentially driver-impairing (PDI) medications have been associated with poorer driving performance and increased risk of motor vehicle collision. To describe the frequency of medication use and to determine the association between routine use of PDI medications and performance on driving and cognitive tests. A total of 225 drivers with medical ...
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