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Fiest Kirsten M KM Department of Community Health Sciences and Institute for Public Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
We examine improvement and worsening in quality of life (QOL) in terms of proportions achieving minimum clinically important change (MCID), and factors related to MCID, in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy randomized to medical or surgical treatment. Eighty patients with temporal lobe epilepsy randomized to surgical (n1  = 40) or medical ...
Saad Julien J Département d'ophtalmologie (JS, AG), Faculté de médecine, Université Laval, Quebec City, Canada; and Centre universitaire d'ophtalmologie et Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec (JS, AG), Hôpital de l'Enfant-Jésus, Quebec City, - - 2014
Benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) is characterized by progressive involuntary contractions of the protractor muscles, sometimes leading to a debilitating closure of the lids. It is currently treated with the injection of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A). The purpose of this study was to compare 2 BoNT/A preparations (i.e., Xeomin and Botox) ...
Thanou Aikaterini A Arthritis and Clinical Immunology Research Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Rheumatology, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center and Clinical Pharmacology Research Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City, OK, - - 2014
Objective. Accurate assessment of lupus flares is critical but problematic in clinical trials. This study examined the impact of modifications to the classic Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment (SELENA)-SLEDAI flare index (cSFI).Methods. Ninety-one SLE patient records were evaluated at two visits at which the SLEDAI and BILAG ...
Thomas Nezbile F NF Oakland University, Rochester, - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-transcendence and medication adherence among older adults prescribed antihypertensive medication. Design: Descriptive, correlational research design. Method: Forty-six older adults who were prescribed antihypertensive medications from an independent living facility participated in this study. Participants were given a survey ...
Tian Chang-Jun CJ School of Medicine and Health Management, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430000, China, - - 2014
An evaluation scale of medical services quality was developed on the basis of "patients' experience". The questionnaires were developed by, among others, searching relevant literature, collecting well-established assessment scales, measuring patients' experience and satisfaction, brain-storming, literature analysis. Delphi method was adopted for expert consultation. Scale items were screened and revised. ...
Tolossa Fikru Wakjira - - 2014
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is used to describe physical, cognitive, affective, and behavioral symptoms that occur cyclically during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and resolve quickly at or within a few days of the onset of menstruation. The primary aim of the study was to assess the prevalence, impacts ...
Fortuna G G Department of Oral Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center, 1000 Blythe BLVD, P.O. Box 32861, Charlotte, NC, 28232-2861, USA; D.eb.RA. Mexico Foundation, Otomí #211, casi esq. P. Elías Calles Colonia Azteca, Guadalupe N.L., 67150, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, - - 2014
We read with great interest the article of Chanal et al,(1) recently published in your Journal. We would like to congratulate with the authors, as for the first time it seems that we have the largest study on drug-induced linear IgA disease (DILAD). Authors found that in 67% of DILAD patients ...
Valdivieso Sergio S Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile School of Medicine, Santiago, Región Metropolitana, Chile, - - 2014
The authors assess the attitudes of seventh-year medical students with regard to psychiatry and patients with psychiatric illness during the psychiatry clerkship. A 32-item questionnaire regarding attitudes toward psychiatry and patients with psychiatric illness was administered at the beginning of the psychiatry clerkship. One hundred and ten seventh-year students participated ...
Puddey Ian B - - 2014
The UMAT is widely used for selection into undergraduate medical and dental courses in Australia and New Zealand (NZ). It tests aptitudes thought to be especially relevant to medical studies and consists of 3 sections - logical reasoning and problem solving (UMAT-1), understanding people (UMAT-2) and non-verbal reasoning (UMAT-3). A ...
Griffon Nicolas - - 2014
Visualization of Concepts in Medicine (VCM) is a compositional iconic language that aims to ease information retrieval in Electronic Health Records (EHR), clinical guidelines or other medical documents. Using VCM language in medical applications requires alignment with medical reference terminologies. Alignment from Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) thesaurus and International Classification ...
Maulik Shreya S National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Powai, Mumbai, - - 2014
Technological advancement in the medical laboratories has exposed the laboratory technicians to various ergonomic hazards due to nature of their work. The study aimed to analyze the working postures, to find out the prevalence of work related musculoskeletal disorders and to investigate the relationship between musculoskeletal disorders with individual factors, ...
Hanatani Tadaaki T Division of Medicinal Safety Science, National Institute of Health Sciences, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Regulatory Science, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Aichi, - - 2014
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is one of the primary targets for pharmacovigilance using medical information databases (MIDs). Because of diagnostic complexity, a standardized method for identifying DILI using MIDs has not yet been established. We applied the Digestive Disease Week Japan 2004 (DDW-J) scale, a Japanese clinical diagnostic criteria for ...
Xiao Wei - - 2014
How the career commitment of medical university students can be improved is an underinvestigated topic.Aim: This experimental study aims to explore the factors that influence career commitment of medical university students. One hundred eighty-two medical university students completed the vocational value questionnaire, state anxiety scale, core self-evaluation scale, Minnesota satisfaction ...
Mohamed Somaia S Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA, - - 2014
The impact of culture on insight on illness and attitudes towards medication among patients with schizophrenia has not been well studied. We compared inpatients in the US and in China (a culture that numerous studies have shown heavily stigmatizes mental illness and psychosis), on measures of insight and acceptance of ...
Humphrey-Murto Susan S Dr. Humphrey-Murto is associate professor, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Leddy is associate professor, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Wood is a PhD researcher, Academy for Innovation in Medical Education, and assistant professor, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Puddester is associate professor and lead, Postgraduate Evaluation and Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, and director of physician health, Canadian Medical Association, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. He is also president, Canadian Association of Medical Education, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Moineau is associate professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Ottawa, secretary, Committee on Accreditation of Canadian Medical Schools and Committee on Accreditation of Continuing Medical Education, and president and chief executive officer, Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Medical school admissions committees are increasingly considering noncognitive measures like emotional intelligence (EI) in evaluating potential applicants. This study explored whether scores on an EI abilities test at admissions predicted future academic performance in medical school to determine whether EI could be used in making admissions decisions. The authors invited ...
Puddey Ian B - - 2014
Predictive validity studies for selection criteria into graduate entry courses in Australia have been inconsistent in their outcomes. One of the reasons for this inconsistency may have been failure to have adequately considered background disciplines of the graduates as well as other potential confounding socio-demographic variables that may influence academic ...
Tripoliti Elina E Unit of Functional Neurosurgery, University College London (UCL) Institute of Neurology, London, United - - 2014
Speech changes after bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) can be variable, with the majority of patients experiencing speech deterioration over time. The aim of this study was to describe the perceptual characteristics of speech following chronic STN-DBS and to analyze clinical and surgical factors that could predict speech ...
Tommelein Eline E Pharmaceutical Care Unit, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Self-report is considered most suitable to measure medication adherence in routine clinical practice. However, accuracy of self-report as a quantitative measure of adherence is not well documented. To assess the accuracy of a self-report measure of adherence (Medication Adherence Report Scale [MARS-5]) for identifying nonadherent users of inhalation medication among ...
Phillips L Alison LA The George Washington University, Washington, DC, 20052, USA, - - 2014
Patients' medication-related concerns and necessity-beliefs predict adherence. Evaluation of the potentially complex interplay of these two dimensions has been limited because of methods that reduce them to a single dimension (difference scores). We use polynomial regression to assess the multidimensional effect of stroke-event survivors' medication-related concerns and necessity beliefs on ...
Mhatre Shivani K SK College of Pharmacy, University of Houston, 1441 Moursund Street, Houston, TX, 77030, - - 2014
Over-the-counter (OTC) medication use can impact an individual's health-related quality of life (HRQoL); however, there is no instrument specifically developed to measure the impact of OTC medication use on patients' HRQoL. The aim of the study was to develop an OTC Medication Impact Scale (OTC-MIS), a generic patient-reported outcome measure ...
Hetland Amanda J AJ St. Louis College of Pharmacy, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Potentially driver-impairing (PDI) medications have been associated with poorer driving performance and increased risk of motor vehicle collision. To describe the frequency of medication use and to determine the association between routine use of PDI medications and performance on driving and cognitive tests. A total of 225 drivers with medical ...
Kim Jeung-Hee JH Division of Chronic Disease Control, Korea Centers for Disease Control and - - 2014
Background: We examined the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) among adults with hypertension.Methods: A total of 373 adults with hypertension were given face-to-face interviews in 2 cardiology clinics at 2 large teaching hospitals in Seoul, South Korea. Blood pressure was measured ...
Vassileva Iglika I Department of Psychiatry, Medical University, Sofia, 1, G.Sofiiski Str., 1431, Sofia, Bulgaria, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to assess the adherence status and to identify the risk factors for medication non-adherence in Bulgarian outpatients with schizophrenia. Variables with possible impact on adherence behaviour were assessed via a set of pre-determined clinical interviews and self-rating scales in a total of 226 patients ...
Yao Shang-Man SM a School of arts and humanities , Shanxi Medical University , Taiyuan , Shanxi , P. R. - - 2014
ABSTRACT Although staffs in medical colleges have traditionally been characterized as a stressed group of people, there are no specific studies assessing burnout and the relationship to quality of life (QOL). The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate job-related burnout and the relationship to QOL among medical college ...
Berner Juan Enrique JE Hospital Clínico Fuerza Aérea de Chile, Santiago, Chile, - - 2014
Internet addiction (IA) has been described as an emerging behavior related to the development of new technologies, with scarce studies on the subject and none involving medical students. The Internet Addiction Test (IAT) is a screening instrument used to detect IA worldwide, which was published in 1998 and inspired by ...
Pirogovsky Eva - - 2014
Objective: Although it is well known that Parkinson's disease (PD) with dementia results in functional decline, little is known about the impact of mild cognitive impairment in PD (PD-MCI) on day-to-day functioning. Method: Forty-one individuals with PD-MCI, 56 PD patients with normal cognition (PD-NC), and 47 healthy older adults were ...
Weissenstein Anne - - 2014
Tolerance of ambiguity, or the extent to which ambiguous situations are perceived as desirable, is an important component of the attitudes and behaviors of medical students. However, few studies have compared this trait across the years of medical school. General practitioners are considered to have a higher ambiguity tolerance than ...
Wu Siying - - 2014
ABSTRACT The present study was conducted to investigate workplace violence and to examine how it is associated with quality of life (QOL) among medical professionals in China. A total of 2,464 medical professionals were selected from Fujian Province and Henan Province by using stratified cluster-sampling method. A Chinese version of ...
Chan Kit Wa Sherry KW Department of Psychiatry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
This study aimed to explore the relationship between knowledge about psychosis, insight, and medication adherence among patients at an early stage of a schizophrenia-spectrum disorder. Eighty patients were recruited from a specialized outpatient clinic. Knowledge was assessed with the modified Knowledge About Schizophrenia Test (KAST). Medication adherence was determined with ...
Ogrim Geir G Neuropsychiatric Unit, Østfold Hospital Trust, Fredrikstad, Norway ; National Resource Center for ADHD, Tourette's Syndrome, and Narcolepsy, Oslo, Norway ; Institute of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, - - 2014
We searched for predictors of the clinical outcome of stimulant medication in pediatric attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), emphasizing variables from quantitative electroencephalography, event-related potentials (ERPs), and behavioral data from a visual go/no-go test. Nineteen-channel electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded during the resting state in eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions and during performance of ...
Bierbrier Rachel R University Health Network, Centre for Innovation in Complex Care, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Mobile phones with operating systems and capable of running applications (smartphones) are increasingly being used in clinical settings. Medical calculating applications are popular mhealth apps for smartphones. These include, for example, apps that calculate the severity or likelihood of disease-based clinical scoring systems, such as determining the severity of liver ...
Baig Mukhtiar M Dr. Mukhtiar Baig, PhD, MHPE, Professor of Clinical Biochemistry, Head of Assessment Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2014
Objectives: To evaluate Multiple Choice and Short Essay Question items in Basic Medical Sciences by determining item writing flaws (IWFs) of MCQs along with cognitive level of each item in both methods. Methods: This analytical study evaluated the quality of the assessment tools used for the first batch in a ...
McManus I C IC UCL Medical School, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2014
To assess whether international medical graduates passing the two examinations set by the Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB1 and PLAB2) of the General Medical Council (GMC) are equivalent to UK graduates at the end of the first foundation year of medical training (F1), as the GMC requires, and if ...
Bowyer T W TW Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The monitoring of the radioactive xenon isotopes (131m)Xe, (133)Xe, (133m)Xe, and (135)Xe is important for the detection of nuclear explosions. While backgrounds of the xenon isotopes are short-lived, they are constantly replenished from activities dominated by the fission-based production of (99)Mo used for medical procedures. At present, one of the ...
Havyer Rachel D A - - 2013
Valid teamwork assessment is imperative to determine physician competency and optimize patient outcomes. We systematically reviewed published instruments assessing teamwork in undergraduate, graduate, and continuing medical education in general internal medicine and all medical subspecialties. We searched MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-process, CINAHL and PsycINFO from January 1979 through October 2012, references ...
Lurslurchachai Linda - - 2013
Inhaled medications, critical for asthma treatment, are self-administered through metered dose inhalers (MDI). Asthma self-management hinges on adherence to these medications and to proper MDI technique. To assess predictors of proper MDI technique, and MDI technique as a tool to identify patients with low adherence to inhaled medications. Prospective cohort ...
Ruiz Ryan - - 2013
Currently, no clinical standards exist with regard to antireflux medications in the perioperative period for patients undergoing surgery for benign vocal fold lesions. The present study sought to determine the clinical yield of these medications on operative outcomes in patients who underwent surgical treatment for benign vocal fold lesions. Retrospective, ...
Calabrese Leonard H - - 2013
Many studies have reported a decline in empathy as allopathic medical students progress through medical school. Data are needed to compare the pattern of changes in empathy in osteopathic and allopathic medical students. Also, it is important to investigate the associations between measures of empathy and attitudes toward interprofessional collaboration, ...
Razavi Seyed Mansour SM Department of Community Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2013
Among the various methods of clinical teaching, rounds and grand rounds are considered as the gold standards. Clinical round includes some standard components and it plays an effective role in student's learning process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the content of teaching rounds in 40 clinical wards ...
Arnet Isabelle - - 2013
Background Several measures for calculating adherence to one medication from dispensing data records have been proposed, but the nomenclature is inconsistent and computations vary. The same measures, like the medication possession ratio (MPR), have been used for multiple medication regimens, and have tended to over- or under-estimate adherence rates. Objective ...
Spickard Anderson A - - 2013
Background: Educators need efficient and effective means to track students' clinical experiences to monitor their progress toward competency goals. Aim: To validate an electronic scoring system that rates medical students' clinical notes for relevance to priority topics of the medical school curriculum. Method: The Vanderbilt School of Medicine Core Clinical ...
Hastie Maya Jalbout - - 2013
Since its description in 1974, the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) has gained popularity as an objective assessment tool of medical students, residents, and trainees. With the development of the anesthesiology residents' milestones and the preparation for the Next Accreditation System, there is an increased interest in OSCE as an ...
Jaynes Cathy L - - 2013
Treatment provided to critically ill and injured patients during air medical transport bridges initial local emergency medical service (EMS) treatment and the care provided upon arrival to the emergency department. Transition of care from EMS to air medical service includes multiple elements, many of which have been previously undefined. These ...
Lehmann Audrey - - 2013
Background Adherence to chronic therapy is a key determinant of patient health outcomes in chronic disease. However, only about 50 % of patients adhere to chronic therapy. One of the challenges in promoting adherence is having an accurate understanding of adherence rates and the factors that contribute to non-adherence. There are ...
Wilkinson David - - 2013
Objective: To report pilot results for international benchmarking of learning outcomes among 426 final year medical students at the University of Queensland (UQ), Australia. Methods: Students took the International Foundations of Medicine (IFOM) Clinical Sciences Exam (CSE) developed by the National Board of Medical Examiners, USA, as a required formative ...
de Oliveira-Filho Alfredo Dias - - 2013
The Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) remains one of the most widely used mechanisms to assess patient adherence. Its translation and testing on languages in addition to English would be very useful in research and in practice. To translate and examine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the ...
Reinert Anna - - 2013
The Surgery Clerkship Clinical Skills Examination (CSE) is a novel written examination developed to assess the surgical knowledge, clinical decision making, communication skills, and professionalism of medical students on the surgery clerkship. This study was undertaken to determine its validity. Data were prospectively collected from July 2011 through February 2013. ...
Davis Mary F MF Center for Human Genetics Research, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2013
The clinical course of multiple sclerosis (MS) is highly variable, and research data collection is costly and time consuming. We evaluated natural language processing techniques applied to electronic medical records (EMR) to identify MS patients and the key clinical traits of their disease course. We used four algorithms based on ...
Unni Elizabeth J - - 2013
Abstract Background: Medication non-adherence is a complex phenomenon that requires tailored interventions to improve it. A new self-reported measure of medication non-adherence was previously reported based on the commonly reported reasons underlying non-adherence with the intention to match the items in the scale with tailored interventions. Objective: The objectives were ...
Ishigooka Jun - - 2013
It is desirable to establish evidence for the selection of antipsychotics from the viewpoint of recovery of social activity in individual patient with schizophrenia receiving medication. From this perspective, awareness of the importance of studies about drug effectiveness on treatment discontinuation rate, remission rate, and improvement in QOL has grown ...
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