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Moulder John E JE *Center for Medical Countermeasures Against Radiological Terrorism, Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI - - 2014
Soon after the 9-11 attacks, politicians and scientists began to question our ability to cope with a large-scale radiological terrorism incident. The outline of what was needed was fairly obvious: the ability to prevent such an attack, methods to cope with the medical consequences, the ability to clean up afterward, ...
Ho Immanuel K H IK Division of Gastroenterology, Crozer-Keystone Health System, Temple University School of Medicine, Chester, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Medical imaging involving the use of ionizing radiation has brought enormous benefits to society and patients. In the past several decades, exposure to medical radiation has increased markedly, driven primarily by the use of computed tomography. Ionizing radiation has been linked to carcinogenesis. Whether low-dose medical radiation exposure will result ...
Krishnamoorthy Janaki J *New York State Department of Health, Bureau of Environmental Radiation Protection, Corning Tower, 12th Floor, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY - - 2014
From 2001 through 2009, the New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) has documented 244 reports of radiation therapy events, of which 228 have resulted from the delivery of radiation beam therapy using linear accelerators (LINACs). Historically, radiation therapy events involving LINACs have not been uniformly reported across the country ...
Sugarman S L SL *Oak Ridge Associated Universities, REAC/TS, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge, TN, 37831; †Applied Research Associates, Arlington, VA, 22203; ‡Health Canada, Consumer and Clinical Radiation Protection Bureau, Ottawa, ON K1A 1C1, Canada; §Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany; **Institute of Radiation Emergency Medicine, Hirosaki University, 036-8564, Hirosaki, Japan; ††Public Health England, Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0RQ, UK; ‡‡Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear (ARN), Av. Del Libertador 8250, C1429BNP, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Response to a large-scale radiological incident could require timely medical interventions to minimize radiation casualties. Proper medical care requires knowing the victim's radiation dose. When physical dosimetry is absent, radiation-specific chromosome aberration analysis can serve to estimate the absorbed dose in order to assist physicians in the medical management of ...
Robinson Gregg F GF American Association of Medical Dosimetrists, Herndon, VA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The 2012 Radiation Oncology Workforce survey was conducted to assess the current state of the entire workforce, predict its future needs and concerns, and evaluate quality improvement and safety within the field. This article describes the dosimetrist segment results. The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Workforce Subcommittee, in conjunction ...
Brink James A JA *Juan M. Taveras Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Radiologist-in-Chief, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 175 Cambridge Street, 2nd Floor, Boston, MA - - 2014
Tracking the radiation dose to medically-exposed populations can promote adoption of best practices among medical facilities that use ionizing radiation. Dose index registries provide an important tool for practices to benchmark their radiation doses for medical imaging and highlight areas where improvements may be made. However, individual patient dose tracking ...
Katsurada Masahiro M 1Respiratory Endoscopy Division, Department of Endoscopy, National Cancer Center Hospital, - - 2014
Therapy for lung cancer has recently evolved to include molecular targeted therapy and adequate amounts of lung cancer tissue are needed to identify particular phenotypes. For this purpose, quite a number of investigations on diagnostic bronchoscopy have been undertaken. Corollary to the increasing number of transbronchial biopsies for peripheral pulmonary ...
Shakeshaft John J Northern Territory Radiation Oncology, Darwin, NT, - - 2014
The Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine (ACPSEM) Radiation Oncology Specialty Group (ROSG) formed a series of working groups in 2011 to develop position papers for guidance of radiation oncology medical physics practice within the Australasian setting. These position papers are intended to provide guidance for safe ...
Agarwal Ankit A Department of Radiation Oncology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
To review currently available opportunities for medical students to supplement their standard medical education to prepare for a career in radiation oncology. Google and PubMed were used to identify existing clinical, health policy, and research programs for medical students in radiation oncology. In addition, results publicly available by the National ...
Watson Liana - - 2014
Amid continued attention toward cutting the cost of Medicare, medical imaging continues to be an area that legislators focus on for reducing expenditures, which ultimately affects the amount of money available in health care facilities to provide services and pay personnel. These issues support the need for medical imaging and ...
Prisciandaro Joann I JI University of Michigan. - - 2014
There is a clear need for established standards for medical physics residency training. The complexity of techniques in imaging, nuclear medicine, and radiation oncology continues to increase with each passing year. It is therefore imperative that training requirements and competencies are routinely reviewed and updated to reflect the changing environment ...
Jansen Rebecca - - 2013
In addition to the naturally occurring, physical, and systemic photoprotective agents reviewed in part I, topical ultraviolet radiation filters are an important cornerstone of photoprotection. Sunscreen development, efficacy, testing, and controversies are reviewed in part II of this continuing medical education article.
Bolus Norman E - - 2013
The purpose of this paper is to briefly explain report 160 of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurement and the significance of the report to medical imaging as a whole and nuclear medicine specifically. The implications of the findings of report 160 have had repercussions and will continue ...
Berman Abigail T - - 2013
Radiation oncology requires a complex understanding of cancer biology, radiation physics, and clinical care. This paper equips the medical student to understand the fundamentals of radiation oncology, first with an introduction to cancer treatment and the use of radiation therapy. Considerations during radiation oncology consultations are discussed extensively with an ...
Samerdokiene Vitalija - - 2013
The occupational radiation exposure of medical radiation workers at the Institute of Oncology, Vilnius University (IOVU) was analysed. Quartile dose measurements were collected and routinely analysed for a period of 8 y from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2011. A total of 193 medical radiation workers were monitored, comprising ...
Ryu Jae Sung - - 2013
Medical doctors who perform C-arm fluoroscopy-guided procedures are exposed to X-ray radiation. Therefore, radiation-protective shields are recommended to protect these doctors from radiation. For the past several years, these protective shields have sometimes been used without regular inspection. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of damage ...
Minhas Anum S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Diagnostic imaging, including ionizing radiation modalities, maintains a prominent role in the medical evaluation of patients. There is increasing awareness and need for information across varied sectors about low-level radiation and potential risks. Many medical and scientific organizations have resources discussing radiation risk and management. However, there is no ...
Vinod Shalini Kavita - - 2013
Multisource feedback (MSF) is an assessment of performance through evaluation of an individual's competence from multiple perspectives. It is mandated in many specialist training schemes in medicine. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of implementing MSF for consultant radiation oncologists. A validated tool consisting of a ...
Gilley Debbie Bray - - 2013
Patient safety should be considered in the use of ionising radiation equipment in medicine. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) establishes standards of safety and provides for the application of these standards, also in the area of medical use of radiation. Equipment acceptability, as it relates to radiation in medicine, ...
Dallas Cham E - - 2013
The proliferation of nuclear technology in the politically volatile Middle East greatly increases the likelihood of a catastrophic nuclear war. It is widely accepted, while not openly declared, that Israel has nuclear weapons, and that Iran has enriched enough nuclear material to build them. The medical consequences of a nuclear ...
Kirkpatrick John P - - 2013
Purpose/Objective: While our department is heavily invested in computer-based treatment planning, we historically relied on paper-based charts for management of Radiation Oncology patients. In early 2009, we initiated the process of conversion to an electronic medical record (EMR) eliminating the need for paper charts. Key goals included the ability to ...
Garcarek Jerzy J ZakÅ‚ad i Katedra Radiologii Ogólnej, Zabiegowej i Neuroradiologii Uniwersytetu Medycznego we - - 2013
Exposure of both patients and medical staff to relatively high doses of radiation is one of the features characteristic of interventional radiology (IR). Regulations regarding this kind of therapeutic management can be found in many legal references and recommendations of European Union Law. The purpose of the paper is collection ...
Ricketts Michelle L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: It is important for physicians to be aware of the radiation doses as well as the risks associated with diagnostic imaging procedures that they are ordering. METHODS: A survey was administered to patients, medical students, and referring physicians from a number of specialties to determine background knowledge regarding radiation ...
Howard Michelle - - 2012
Burnout and compassion fatigue (CF) adversely affect medical professionals, including those employed in radiation oncology. Previously conducted research acknowledged the presence of burnout in populations of radiation therapists, radiation oncologists, and oncology nursing staff. The aim of the following research was to measure the incidence of burnout or CF in ...
Coleman C Norman - - 2012
This article summarizes major points from a newly released guide published online by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR). The article reviews basic principles about radiation and its measurement, short-term and long-term effects of radiation, and medical countermeasures as well as essential information about how ...
Dallas Cham E - - 2012
The Chernobyl disaster in 1986 involved the largest airborne release of radioactivity in history, more than 100 times as much radioactivity as the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs together. The resulting emergency response, administrative blunders, and subsequent patient outcomes from this large-scale radiological disaster provide a wealth of information and ...
Scheblanov V Y - - 2012
This paper describes research aimed at improving regulatory supervision of radiation safety during work associated with the management of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste at legacy sites in northwest Russia through timely identification of employees presenting unfavourable human factor risk characteristics. The legacy sites of interest include sites of ...
Morimura Naoto - - 2012
The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F) suffered a series of radiation accidents after the Great East Japan Earthquake on 11 March 2011. In a situation where halting or delaying restoration work was thought to translate directly into a very serious risk for the entire country, it was of the ...
Mattsson S - - 2012
The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) does not have a specific publication or recent detailed advice on acceptability criteria and suspension levels for medical radiological equipment. However, a number of the Commission's publications clearly stress the need to carry out acceptance testing of radiological equipment. Such general recommendations are ...
Temme James B - - 2012
The Joint Commission issued a Sentinel Event Alert in August 2011 to address the radiation risks related to diagnostic medical imaging. The University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) and Nebraska Coalition for Patient Safety (NCPS) sent a survey to Nebraska hospital radiology departments in May 2012 to solicit responses regarding ...
Vatansever Fatma - - 2012
Far infrared (FIR) radiation (λ = 3-100 μm) is a subdivision of the electromagnetic spectrum that has been investigated for biological effects. The goal of this review is to cover the use of a further sub-division (3- 12 μm) of this waveband, that has been observed in both in vitro ...
Freeman Katherine - - 2012
To characterize cumulative radiation exposure from diagnostic imaging (CEDI) in pediatric patients and to investigate its relationship to patients' socioeconomic status and comorbid medical conditions. A retrospective cohort study of >19,000 pediatric patients seen within the outpatient clinic system of an academic tertiary care urban medical center during the month ...
Gualdrini G - - 2012
In the framework of the ORAMED project (Optimization of RAdiation protection for MEDical staff), funded by the European Union Seventh Framework Programme, different studies were aimed at improving the quality of radiation protection in interventional radiology and nuclear medicine. The main results of the project were presented during a final ...
Kalia Sunil - - 2013
Hair loss has a high prevalence in the general population and can have significant medical and psychological sequelae. Pattern hair loss and alopecia areata represent the major reasons patients present to dermatologists in relation to hair loss. Because conventional treatment options are generally incompletely effective, novel methods for hair grown ...
Hanson Brian - - 2012
: Chronic radiation proctopathy is associated with significant morbidity. The effectiveness of endoscopic and medical therapies has not been evaluated. : The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of endoscopic and comparative medical therapies for chronic radiation proctopathy. : A comprehensive search Medline ...
Kaur Amandeep - - 2012
The cyclotron is the most widely used particle accelerator for producing medically important radio nuclides. Many medical centers in India have installed compact medical cyclotrons for on-site production of short-lived positron-emitting radio nuclides such as (18)F, (13)N, and (11)C. A mandatory requirement for cyclotron installation is radiation control permit from ...
Farese Ann M AM Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Ft Detrick, MD, USA. - - 2012
The development of medical countermeasures against the hematopoietic subsyndrome of the acute radiation syndrome requires well characterized and validated animal models. The model must define the radiation dose- and time-dependent relationships for mortality and major signs of morbidity to include other organ damage that may contribute to morbidity and mortality. ...
Dörr Harald - - 2012
Radiation accidents are fortunately infrequent occurrences, but since their consequences can be very serious as in the Chernobyl and the Fukushima nuclear accidents, medical management of radiation accidents is of great importance. Besides several other tasks, medical management of radiation accidents is one of the key tasks of the Bundeswehr ...
Cordella Marisa - - 2012
This manuscript studies in detail, following a discourse analytical approach, medical consultations in which a patient's religious belief does not allow blood transfusion to be administered. The patient is a young Jehovah's Witness suffering myeloid leukaemia who is being treated in a Catholic cancer hospital where the practice of blood ...
Reeves Glen I - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Enhanced radiation weapons (ERW) are fission-fusion devices where the massive numbers of neutrons generated during the fusion process are intentionally allowed to escape rather than be confined to increase yield (and fallout products). As a result, the energy partition of the weapon output shifts from blast and thermal energies ...
Meineke Viktor - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The March 2011 radiation accident in Fukushima, Japan, is a textbook example of a radiation accident of global significance. In view of the global dimensions of the accident, it is important to consider the lessons learned. In this context, emphasis must be placed on consequences for planning appropriate medical ...
Al-Nimer Marwan S M - - 2012
Adaptive response and bystander effect are two important phenomena involved in biological responses to ionizing radiation. To determine the bystander effect of ionizing radiation in medical exposures by measuring the serum nitric oxide (NO•), peroxynitrite (ONOO•), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. Twenty-five medical staff working in the Unit of Radiology and ...
Staudenherz A - - 2011
The currently reactor wreckage in Fukushima raised the following important questions: Is our knowledge of the possible dangers of ionizing radiation sufficient to warrant special action? What is the role of the medical community in technical radiation accidents from Windscale to Fukushima? What is the role of the medical community ...
Janaszczyk Agnieszka A Poznan University of Medical Sciences, - - 2011
Radiation technology is a discipline of medical science which deals with diagnostics, imaging and radiotherapy, that is treatment by ionizing radiation. To present and compare the existing curricula of radiation technology in selected EU countries. The research work done for the purpose of the comparative analysis was based on the ...
Fuchs J - - 2010
Package inserts are the most frequent source of patient information about medicines aside from doctors and pharmacists. A representative selection of 271 German package inserts available in 2005 was investigated, using 152 validated quality criteria and by measuring 242 further values. A significant increase in package insert texts over recent ...
Kaushal Rainu - - 2010
MedsInfo-ED is a model health information exchange project for a network of emergency departments (EDs) in the state of Massachusetts. In this initiative, claims data from pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs) were made available at the point of care to clinicians in the EDs. We performed a qualitative assessment of respondents' ...
Liu Chia-Hui - - 2012
With the progress and the development of information technology, the internal data in medical organizations have become computerized and are further established the medical information system. Moreover, the use of the Internet enhances the information communication as well as affects the development of the medical information system that a lot ...
Delaney Meghan - - 2011
Anemia is an early indicator of many diseases, yet blood donors with low hematocrit (Hct) often receive inadequate information about its medical importance. We sought to understand the types of information that are and should be provided to these donors. Two companion studies were performed. The first investigated blood center ...
Varelius Jukka - - 2012
In contemporary Western biomedical ethics, informed consent practices are commonly justified in terms of the intrinsic value of patient autonomy. James Stacey Taylor maintains that this conception of the moral grounding of medical informed consent is mistaken. On the basis of his reasoning to that effect, Taylor argues that medical ...
Boumarafi Behdja - - 2010
Electronic information is becoming prevalent worldwide, and its use is growing exponentially as more and more users are recognizing the potential that it offers in terms of access and delivery. However, with the introduction of new tools for e-information searching and retrieval, users have to readjust their information-seeking behavior to ...
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