Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 632
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Lin C J - - 2013
Constipation is a common poststroke complication. This study was designed to document the incidence and clinical course of poststroke constipation in a rehabilitation ward, as well as identify the factors independently associated with the condition. This retrospective study involved patients who were admitted to the rehabilitation ward of our institute ...
Talaulikar Vikram Sinai - - 2012
The majority of symptomatic uterine fibroids are currently treated by surgical interventions (myomectomy or hysterectomy) or radiological treatments (uterine artery embolisation or focussed ultrasound surgery). None of these treatments is a panacea, and what is conspicuous is the lack of an effective long-term medical therapy for a disorder so common ...
Faine Brett - - 2012
A quick way for a clinical pharmacist to eliminate himself or herself from "employeeof the month" consideration is to mention the term medication shortage. Even withtraining geared toward maximizing resources, the cumulative disappearance of aplethora of medications for the treatment of nausea, vomiting, and/or primaryheadaches is almost too much for ...
Song Xue - - 2012
Background and Objective: No study has been published that compared persistence and discontinuation of warfarin with other long-term medications in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The objective of this study was to evaluate persistence and discontinuation patterns in AF patients taking warfarin and other common long-term medications and identify predictors ...
Dixon Lynne - - 2012
For junior medical staff carotid blowout can be a daunting prospect to encounter, so this article outlines an approach to initial ward-based treatment and a simple strategy for further management, which can be broadly considered in terms of preparation, active resuscitation, intervention and palliation.
Simanton Edward - - 2012
Medical school curricula must teach information to be mastered and retained for future clinical applicability. This study evaluated retention of knowledge across four years of medical education comparing two educational models. Clinical application and spaced learning may lead to better retention across all of medical school.
Antoniou Stavros A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The history of medical terminology is interrelated with the scientific advances in the field. Efforts to explore human cavities for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes began as early as the 5th century BC. The evolution of laparoscopy at the beginning of the past century has been a major step toward ...
McKeganey Neil - - 2012
The focus of drug policy in the UK has shifted markedly in the past 5years to move beyond merely emphasising drug abstinence towards maximising individuals' opportunities for recovery. The UK government continues to recognise the prescribing of narcotic medications indicated for opiate dependence as a key element of these individuals' ...
Langberg Joshua M - - 2012
Youth with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) frequently experience academic impairment, including lower grades than their peers and elevated risk for grade retention and school dropout. Medication is the most commonly used treatment for youth with ADHD, and it is therefore essential to understand the extent to which medication use improves long-term ...
Pintor-Mármol Antonio - - 2012
PURPOSE: There is a lack of homogeneity in the terminology used in the context of patient safety related to medication. The aim of this review was to identify the terms and definitions used in patient safety related to medication within the scientific literature. METHODS: Original and review articles that were ...
Luo J - - 2012
Physics quality assurance (QA) is an integral part of a medical physicist's role in the radiotherapy centre. Management of physics QA documents is an issue with a long-term accumulation. Storage space, archive administration and paper consumption are just some of the difficulties faced by physicists. Plotting trends and drawing meaningful ...
Porzionato Andrea - - 2012
In the 17th century, the Bartholin family contributed greatly to the advancement of anatomical and medical science. Caspar Bartholin the Elder (1585-1629) introduced the terms nervus olfactorius and nervus vagus in 1611 in the Institutiones Anatomicae. Thomas Bartholin (1616-1680) extended their use to figures added to later revised editions of ...
Bell Susan E - - 2012
Medicalization studies have changed dramatically in the past decade in part due to the increased attention to the role of pharmaceuticals and the pharmaceutical industry in modern life. This review paper explores the relationship between the concepts of medicalization and the newly developed terms of pharmaceuticalization and the pharmaceuticalization of ...
Pizzi M - - 2012
Over the centuries, great interest has been devoted to the placenta and to its highly symbolic significance. The Renaissance represented the age of historical and cultural transition between classical and modern scientific paradigms. In the medical setting, Realdo Colombo represents one of the protagonists of this revolution. In his masterpiece, ...
Kakushima Naomi - - 2012
Like many other advanced endoscopic skills, to master the skill of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) requires training for a novice. The general medical terminology should be used similarly even in case of ESD training. However, it is not common for everyone to recall the same meaning from one medical term. ...
Carter Preston L - - 2012
Robert E. McKechnie, M.D.C.M. (1861-1944), was a distinguished graduate of McGill Medical School and a pioneer in the early days of surgery in Vancouver, Canada. He was a long-standing Canadian leader in both clinical and academic surgery. In addition, he played an important role in the founding of the University ...
Vrijens Bernard B AARDEX Group Ltd, Sion, Switzerland. - - 2012
Interest in patient adherence has increased in recent years, with a growing literature that shows the pervasiveness of poor adherence to appropriately prescribed medications. However, four decades of adherence research has not resulted in uniformity in the terminology used to describe deviations from prescribed therapies. The aim of this review ...
Pepper John W JW Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892-7354, USA. - - 2012
It is increasingly clear that the human gut microbiome has great medical importance, and researchers are beginning to investigate its basic biology and to appreciate the challenges that it presents to medical science. Several striking new empirical results in this area are perplexing within the standard conceptual framework of biomedicine, ...
Jaeger Susanne - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine patients' response profiles to the Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS) and to evaluate the potential of response styles as predictors of the future course of psychotic disorders in terms of rehospitalisation and maintenance of medication. A total of 371 psychiatric in-patients with ...
Leon-Sarmiento Fidias E - - 2012
Stuttering is a disturbance of normal fluency of speech whose pathophysiology is still not well understood. We investigated one of the most ancient speech disorders in the biblical person Moses who lived in approximately 1300 BC. To get the most complete medical and non-medical information on Moses, we did systematic ...
McBride Simon J - - 2012
A large scale, long term clinical study faced significant quality issues with its medications use data which had been collected from participants using paper forms and manually entered into a data capture system. A method was developed that automatically mapped 72.2% of the unique medication names collected for the study ...
Homo Julien - - 2012
Within the biomedical area over one hundred terminologies exist and are merged in the Unified Medical Language System Metathesaurus, which gives over 1 million concepts. When such huge terminological resources are available, the users must deal with them and specifically they must deal with irrelevant parts of these terminologies. We ...
Warren Jim - - 2012
Purpose. Analysis of practice electronic medical records (EMRs) demonstrated widespread antihypertensive medication adherence problems in a Pacific-led general practice serving a predominantly Pacific (majority Samoan) caseload in suburban New Zealand. Adherence was quantified in terms of medication possession ratio (MPR, percent of days covered by medication supply) from the practice's ...
Mitchell Matthew D - - 2012
Insomnia is common in primary care, can persist after co-morbid conditions are treated, and may require long-term medication treatment. A potential alternative to medications is cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register, and PsycINFO for randomized controlled ...
Přečková Petra - - 2012
Narrative medical reports do not use standardized terminology and often bring insufficient information for statistical processing and medical decision making. Objectives of the paper are to propose a method for measuring diversity in medical reports written in any language, to compare diversities in narrative and structured medical reports and to ...
Griffon Nicolas - - 2012
PubMed is the main access to medical literature on the Internet. In order to enhance the performance of its information retrieval tools, primarily non-indexed citations, the authors propose a method: expanding users' queries using Unified Medical Language System' (UMLS) synonyms i.e. all the terms gathered under one unique Concept Unique ...
Bart Gavin - - 2012
Illicit use of opiates is the fastest growing substance use problem in the United States, and the main reason for seeking addiction treatment services for illicit drug use throughout the world. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality related to human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C, and overdose. Treatment for ...
Shultz Jonas - - 2011
Pharmaceutical companies use a variety of abbreviations to denote short- and long-acting medications. Errors involving the administration of these medications are frequently reported. To evaluate comprehension rates for abbreviations used to denote short- and long-acting medications and to evaluate whether changes to medication labels could reduce potential errors in the ...
Connor Jennifer J - - 2011
Centralized exchanges of scientific materials existed by the late nineteenth century, but they did not include medical publications. North American medical leaders therefore formed an association of institutions to run their own exchange: the Medical Library Association (MLA). After providing background to the exchange concept and the importance of institutional ...
Gardner Adrian - - 2011
Although individuals from low tuberculosis (TB) burden countries experience an increased risk of TB infection when traveling to high burden countries for medical training or service, the degree of risk has not been well quantified. Improved knowledge will aid development of guidelines for TB screening, pre/post-travel education, and risk reduction. ...
Russo Federica - - 2011
Causal claims in biomedical contexts are ubiquitous albeit they are not always made explicit. This paper addresses the question of what causal claims mean in the context of disease. It is argued that in medical contexts causality ought to be interpreted according to the epistemic theory. The epistemic theory offers ...
Brock Laura L - - 2011
Medical non-adherence is multifactorial: cost, convenience, side effect profile, and cognitive impairment are all implicated in medical nonadherence. We explore impaired executive function (EF) as a cause for medical non-adherence when other causes can be ruled out. EF describes the coordination and manipulation of higher-order cognitive processes involved in problem-solving, ...
Hull Tracy L - - 2010
Fecal incontinence (FI) is a common problem treated by many different interventions. No treatment is optimal. Based on its success for urinary incontinence, sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) has been used successfully outside the United States for FI. In direct comparison with standard medical treatment or the artificial bowel sphincter, SNS ...
Jylhä Marika E - - 2010
To study obstetricians' attitudes in Finnish antenatal screening units concerning fetal sex determination without medical indication. A structured questionnaire to all delivery units (n = 37) and the main outpatient screening units (n = 18) in the country. The majority of units made fetal sex determination without medical indication at ...
Valenzeno Dennis Paul - - 2010
Several recent physician workforce reports in Alaska have called for a rapid increase in the number of state-supported medical school positions to between 30 and 50 new students per year, preferably through WWAMI--Alaska's Medical School. Here we compare the number of clinical experiences for undergraduate and graduate medical education in ...
Dickstein Benjamin D - - 2010
Research suggests that military unit cohesion may protect against the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, equivocal findings have led researchers to hypothesize a potential curvilinear interaction between unit cohesion and warzone stress. This hypothesis states that the protective effects of cohesion increase as warzone stress exposure intensifies from ...
Ye Yinjiao - - 2010
The effectiveness of entertainment-education is evidenced in previous research; nevertheless, content analytic research on the health content in such programs has been relatively meager in comparison to the large amount of content analyses of health content in news or ads in print media or on television. To address this issue, ...
Hopkins Laura - - 2010
One manifestation of globalization is medical tourism. As its implications remain largely unknown, we reviewed claimed benefits and risks. Driven by high health-care costs, long waiting periods, or lack of access to new therapies in developed countries, most medical tourists (largely from the United States, Canada, and Western Europe) seek ...
Nasca Thomas J - - 2010
Modernization of specialist training in a competency-based framework is not unique to the United States. In the following commentary, the authors explore the current environment within which graduate medical education (GME) in the United States operates, using the perspective framework developed by Wallenburg and colleagues from the Netherlands: the accountability ...
Stenger Robert J - - 2010
The notion of a patient-centered medical home features prominently in policy reform initiatives across the country, with both state and federal legislation focusing on this new model. We sought to understand the views of key stakeholders and to examine the challenging landscape facing policymakers and practitioners as they attempt to ...
Carpenter Laura M - - 2010
This paper compares the histories of male circumcision in the United States and Great Britain to explicate the theoretically important, yet inadequately specified, processes of demedicalisation and remedicalisation. Circumcision became medicalised to a similar extent, through similar processes, in both countries before World War II. However, by the 1960s, circumcision ...
- - 2010
This rule revises the final rule published on December 3, 2008 to implement provisions of section 6044 of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, which amends the Social Security Act by adding a new section 1937 related to the coverage of medical assistance under approved State plans. That rule provides ...
Eckhert N Lynn - - 2010
Twenty-five percent of the U.S. physician workforce is made up of international medical graduates (IMGs), a growing proportion of whom (27% in 2005) are U.S. citizens. Most IMGs graduate from "offshore medical schools" (OMSs), for-profit institutions primarily located in the Caribbean region and established to train U.S. students who will ...
Curtis Kathryn M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently adapted global guidance on contraceptive use from the World Health Organization (WHO) to create the United States Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (MEC). This guidance includes recommendations for use of specific contraceptive methods by people with certain characteristics or ...
Cetin Aydın - - 2012
In this paper, both synchronous and asynchronous web based learning of 3D medical equipment models used in hospital intensive care unit have been described over the moodle course management system. 3D medical equipment models were designed with 3ds Max 2008, then converted to ASE format and added interactivity displayed with ...
- - 2010
This rule amends Department of Justice regulations to increase the settlement and waiver authority delegated to heads of departments and agencies of the United States responsible for the furnishing of hospital, medical, surgical, or dental care. This change responds to the increase in medical costs since 1992, when the current ...
Gandhi Mona - - 2010
The choice of therapeutic agents for patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis has expanded significantly in the past decade. With new understanding of the immunologic basis of psoriasis, multiple new potential targets for therapy have been identified. It is likely that a series of new medications to focus on the newly identified ...
Bogdanoski Tony - - 2010
While the scientific and medical communities continue to be divided on the therapeutic benefits and risks of cannabis use, anecdotal evidence from medical users themselves suggests that using cannabis is indeed improving their quality of life by alleviating their pain and discomfort. Notwithstanding the benefits anecdotally claimed by these medical ...
Amadio P - - 2010
In the era of targeted therapies and combined modalities of treatment, scientific research plays a role of paramount importance in improving knowledge of cancer treatment. The aim of this survey was to review the scientific activity of medical oncology units in Sicily and to analyze their needs and possible pitfalls ...
van Zanten Marta - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Abraham Flexner's report on medical education, published 100 years ago, remains influential in the United States today, although its international impact is unclear. In addition to global variability in content and delivery of medical education programs, systems of quality assurance oversight are not universal, and there are variations in ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >