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Fairchild Amy L - - 2006
In this paper I examine the mass medical inspections of immigrants to the United States from the 1890s through the 1920s. I show how, framed as it was not only by nativism and eugenics but also by national industrial imperatives and priorities, scientific medicine served dual purposes. On the one ...
Blackwell Thomas - - 2007
On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused widespread devastation to the Gulf Coast region of the United States. Although New Orleans had extensive damage from flooding, many communities in Mississippi had equal damage from storm surge and wind. Because the medical resources in many of these areas were incapacitated, resources ...
Xia R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To test a hypothesis that Parkinsonian rigidity is more pronounced in imposed extension than flexion movement. METHODS: Twelve Parkinsonian subjects (both "Off" and "On" medication states) and seven control subjects participated in the protocol, in which a servomotor imposed wrist flexion and extension. Rigidity was quantitatively evaluated by the ...
Rich Phoebe - - 2006
Nail cosmetics are used worldwide by millions of women who desire attractive, adorned nails. Smooth, shiny fingernails and toenails are highly desirable and an entire industry is devoted to achieving that end for the consumer. The grooming and decoration of nails is a well-ingrained cultural ritual in many countries of ...
Kerfoot B Price - - 2006
PURPOSE: Survey analyses of 50 years document a substantial decline in the formal urological education of United States medical students, resulting in repeated calls by urologists to reverse this trend. Has this trend continued during the last decade? If so, should we be concerned? We performed a national survey to ...
Sayeed S - - 2006
Open surgical repair on abdominal aortic aneurysms has been performed for many years with good Despite the many advances in medical care, the procedure is still associated with many complications. The Gore Excluder endograft is a third-generation endograft that became the third commercially available endograft approved in the United States. ...
Richardson Alexander M - - 2006
This article is the second in a series of four providing current, state-of-the-art information about the tobacco problem and how physicians can effectively intervene. It provides an historical perspective of the issues surrounding environmental tobacco smoke in the United States. The remaining three manuscripts in this series offer free continuing ...
Laporte Yves - - 2006
This is an account of the life of a 19th-century physiologist who was born in 1817 in Port-Louis (Mauritius Island, formerly 'Ile de France') and died in Paris in 1894. His mother tongue, education and medical training were French, but as the 'Ile de France' had become British a few ...
Malish Richard - - 2006
The primary mission of the military physician assigned to a combat-arms unit is to sustain the unit's fighting strength through prevention, primary medical care, and trauma resuscitation. Technical and organizational details of civic action assistance are not emphasized routinely during training. Real-world deployment, however, presents challenges approachable only with flexibility ...
Nie Jing-Bao - - 2006
To monopolize the scientific data gained by Japanese physicians and researchers from vivisections and other barbarous experiments performed on living humans in biological warfare programs such as Unit 731, immediately after the war the United States (US) government secretly granted those involved immunity from war crimes prosecution, withdrew vital information ...
Sabir N - - 2006
The handover of patient information between shifts enables continuity of care and increases patient safety. We surveyed UK practice during handovers in obstetric anaesthesia. A questionnaire was sent to 239 lead consultant obstetric anaesthetists to record routine practice in their unit and individual opinion about handover procedures. Responses were received ...
Pearce Daniel J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis presents many management complexities. A cornerstone of therapy has been topical corticosteroids, although over the past 10 years there have been many additions to the medication armamentarium. Furthermore, various combination regimens and approaches have been advocated. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize various patterns of psoriasis health care delivery ...
Lautenbach Ebbing - - 2006
We found substantial variability in approaches to constructing antibiograms at 65 United States medical centers. Laboratories in teaching hospitals and those with more personnel were significantly more likely to offer sophisticated antibiogram approaches, including the compiling of unit-specific susceptibility data and the reporting of temporal trends in susceptibility data.
Resneck Jack S JS - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyze professional liability premiums in dermatology and factors associated with premium variation. DESIGN: This study examines data from a survey of dermatologists conducted in 2004. RESULTS: Survey respondents (n = 1095) reported mean medical liability premiums of $10,898 in 2004 (95% confidence interval, $10,295-$11,501). Premiums increased by 24.4% ...
Brosco Jeffrey P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of medical interventions on reducing the prevalence of mental retardation (MR) in the United States over the last 50 years. DESIGN: We reviewed the medical literature and other data from 1950 to 2000 to construct estimates of the general and condition-specific prevalence of MR in ...
Pronovost Peter J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An organization's ability to change is driven by its culture, which in turn has a significant impact on safety. The six-step Comprehensive Unit-Based Safety Program (CUSP) is intended to improve local culture and safety. A Web-based project management tool for CUSP was developed and then pilot tested at two ...
Yeo Ye - - 2006
We present an explicit protocol E0 for faithfully teleporting an arbitrary two-qubit state via a genuine four-qubit entangled state. By construction, our four-partite state is not reducible to a pair of Bell states. Its properties are compared and contrasted with those of the four-party Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and W states. We also ...
Levine Robert S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Seatbelt laws save lives. Primary enforcement (allowing citations solely for seatbelt nonuse) is a more effective means of saving lives, yet seven southern states have no primary laws, due in part to concern about racial profiling. METHODS: Non-Hispanic, black:white (B:W), occupant motor vehicle crash mortality rate ratios (MRRs) were ...
Johnson Nicholas C - - 2006
4-aminopyridine (4-AP) is an orphan drug in the United States. It enhances neuronal conduction at synapses and is indicated in the treatment of selected neuromuscular disorders, including multiple sclerosis and myasthenia gravis, among others. Its documented toxicity generally has been limited to central nervous system (CNS) hyperexcitation and gastrointestinal upset. ...
Rao Nyapati R - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the attitudes of medical students in India about participating in graduate medical education in the United States and other countries and in subsequent clinical practice in those countries. METHOD: A total of 240 students who were attending their final year at two medical schools in Bangalore, India, ...
Brixner Diana I - - 2006
Data from the U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' Medicaid database were analyzed to define recent trends in the use and cost of opioid medications United States as a whole and in seven states between 1998 and 2003. Over this time period, total Medicaid prescriptions for opioids have nearly ...
Ho Danny - - 2006
This poster describes the design and evaluation of an International Video Teleconference (iVTC) system for orthopedic trauma case studies. Three medical facilities in the United States and one in Australia participated in monthly sessions where past and ongoing military and civilian cases were discussed. Participant feedback indicated that iVTC fully ...
Brown Lawrence H - - 2006
The United States Pharmacopeia recently published a general chapter specifically addressing on-ambulance storage of medications, including a suggestion for stock rotation. This study describes the effectiveness of a simple stock rotation strategy in mitigating EMS medication exposure to excessive heat and cold. Previously collected on-ambulance temperature data from 5 US ...
Harris Victoria - - 2006
Government regulatory involvement in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is due to several factors, including patient advocate groups, prior abuse by psychiatrists, and a general trend of state authority to move into areas traditionally governed by medical authorities. Regardless of the specific reasons, ECT is both highly effective in the treatment of ...
Rogers Paul - - 2006
The progress of the global war on terror in the four years since the 9 September 2001 attack on New York and Washington is surveyed, with particular reference to its objective of curtailing the activities of al-Qaida, the situation in Afghanistan and Iraq, and the threat to the United States ...
Edlich Richard F - - 2006
On the basis of the extensive testing of the Sanitec Industries, Inc. waste management system by the North Carolina State University, the authors of this Editorial strongly recommend the immediate implementation of the Sanitec medical waste disinfection system throughout the United States to prevent the potential pandemic of the Avian ...
Evans Andrew - - 2006
Certain medical conditions may affect one's ability to drive safely. In the United Kingdom, the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) issues guidelines outlining which medical conditions drivers must notify them of. In order to assess our knowledge of, and ability to apply, the current DVLA guidelines with regard to ...
Bledsoe Gregory H - - 2005
Though low, the incidence of malaria in the United States is not insignificant and can be the source of infection in febrile travelers returning from endemic areas. Clinicians practicing in the United States must have a basic understanding of the malaria life cycle and its treatments to properly diagnose and ...
Colella Joan - - 2005
Urolithiasis (urinary tract calculi or stones) and nephrolithiasis (kidney calculi or stones) are well-documented common occurrences in the general population of the United States. The etiology of this disorder is multifactorial and is strongly related to dietary lifestyle habits or practices. Proper management of calculi that occur along the urinary ...
- - 2005
The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has stated that after December 31, 2005, it will begin issuing licenses for use of private land mobile radios (PLMRs) in the 460 to 470 MHz frequency band. Medical telemetry systems operating in this band after December 31 will therefore be at increased risk ...
Mullan Fitzhugh - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There has been substantial immigration of physicians to developed countries, much of it coming from lower-income countries. Although the recipient nations and the immigrating physicians benefit from this migration, less developed countries lose important health capabilities as a result of the loss of physicians. METHODS: Data on the countries ...
Gloro Romain - - 2005
Despite an ancient reputation for potential phytotherapeutic effects and innocuity, traditional herbal medicine has previously been implicated in severe adverse events. Exolise is an 80% ethanolic dry extract of green tea (Camellia sinensis) standardized at 25% catechins expressed as epigallocatechin gallate, containing 5-10% caffeine. It has been available in France, ...
Goodsell David S - - 2005
This unit describes the use of RasMol, a popular interactive molecular graphics program, for the display of biomolecular structures. The unit begins with a general guide to obtaining molecular coordinates from the Protein Data Bank and displaying them with RasMol, and then describes several molecular representations that are useful for ...
Okoro Catherine A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of household firearms and firearm-storage practices in the 50 states and the District of Columbia and estimate the number of children exposed to unsafe storage practices. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2002 cross-sectional Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey of 240735 adults from randomly ...
Vetter Richard S - - 2005
An Internet offer was made to identify any spider in the United States perceived to be a brown recluse spider, Loxosceles reclusa Gertsch & Mulaik (Sicariidae). In total, 1,773 arachnids from 49 states represented three orders (Araneae, Solifugae, and Opiliones) and the identifiable spiders (Araneae) consisted of 38 families, 88 ...
Schweppe Karl-Werner - - 2005
A comparison of the surgical and medical approach to endometriosis in Europe and the United States reveals similar management strategies for the disease. Although scientific data indicate that laparoscopy alone is not a reliable method of diagnosis, this technique continues to be used in 54% and 66% of cases in ...
Rodehaver Claire - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Several factors contribute to the potential for patient confusion regarding his or her medication regimen, including multiple names for a single drug and formulary variations when the patient receives medications from more than one pharmacy. CASE STUDY: A 68-year-old woman was discharged from the hospital on a HMG-CoA reductase ...
Seifert Charles F - - 2005
Previous data clearly showed profound differences in nursing practices and techniques within the state of Texas regarding the administration of medications through enteral feeding catheters (EFCs) between long-term care (LTC) facilities that predominantly serve a rural vs an urban population. This study aims to determine the incidence and characteristics of ...
Vashi Vijay - - 2005
Hydromorphone hydrochloride extended release (HHER) is a multiparticulate melt-extrusion pellet capsule formulation administered q24h. Study 1 investigated the bioavailability of 24-mg HHER fed, as well as 24-mg and 12-mg HHER and 8-mg hydromorphone hydrochloride immediate-release (HHIR) tablets fasting. No clinically significant food effect was observed on hydromorphone C(max) or AUC ...
Kleinke J D JD Omnimedix Institute, Portland, Oregon 97205, USA. - - 2005
To review evidence-based medicine (EBM), how it emerged, how it works, and what drug utilization patterns across the United States would look like if we applied EBM methods to this population. There is a collective presumption about the overuse of pharmaceuticals, unchallenged by any substantive data, that has become part ...
Rawson Nigel S B - - 2005
Poor concordance exists between medications that receive a priority review in Canada and those given an expeditious review in the United States. The objectives of this study were to obtain an evaluation of the clinical significance of new drugs approved in both countries from expert clinical pharmacologists, and to examine ...
Eaglstein William H - - 2005
Cyanoacrylates (CAs) were not widely adopted for medical use until recently because of lingering concerns regarding the initial tissue toxicities of the short-chain CAs. The medium-chain CAs, primarily butyl-cyanoacrylate, have been widely used in Europe and Canada for several decades and have gone a long way in dispelling any lingering ...
Lubin Jeffrey S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterize and follow the variability present in statewide emergency medical services (EMS) medication formularies across the United States over a ten-year period. METHODS: Investigators contacted the lead EMS agencies in all 50 states during three years (1992, 1997, and 2002). Using a standardized form, the investigators collected information ...
Hilton Colin J - - 2005
In 1995 a child died following an arterial switch operation for complex transposition of the great arteries. There had been general concern regarding the outcomes for the arterial switch procedure in the unit in Bristol. A review, prompted by parents whose children had died, showed that 29 children had died ...
Satran Richard - - 2005
Neurology as a specialty was established at the close of the 19th century, especially in England, France, Germany, and the United States. It was not uncommon for US physicians to seek postgraduate training in those three Western European countries. However, Russian clinical investigators and scientists, who contributed to neurology and ...
Elliott R Douglas - - 2005
The article provides a comparative analysis of recent legal developments with regard to LGBT rights in Canada and the United States of America. Both countries have made great progress towards better protection and full recognition of LGBT rights. Despite this progress, Canada appears to be ahead of the United States, ...
Shvarts Shifra - - 2005
This paper examines the discourse regarding medical selection of immigrants to Israel during the years 1948-51, which was a period of mass immigration in which approximately 700,000 people immigrated to the State, thereby doubling the Jewish population in only three years. The paper focuses on the debate the preceded the ...
Nardi Deena A - - 2005
The regulatory bodies of both the United States and United Kingdom have issued cautionary statements about prescribing antidepressant medications to treat major depressive disorder (MDD) in children younger than age 18. Despite these cautions, antidepressant agents, particularly SSRIs and serotonin activators, are regularly used to treat MDD in this age ...
Thompson Matthew J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: General surgeons form a crucial component of the medical workforce in rural areas of the United States. Any decline in their numbers could have profound effects on access to adequate health care in such areas. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that the rural areas of the United States are relatively undersupplied ...
Schmidt Christopher - - 2005
The United States Navy deploys medical personnel throughout the world. The ability to deliver a high level of health care in any situation must be offset by practical and versatile medical platforms. In September 2003, the US Navy deployed the first Expeditionary Medical Facility to Djibouti, Africa. The early experience ...
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