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Shiloh Shoshana S Tel Aviv University, Israel - - 2014
The aim of this study was to clarify the difference between perceptions of injury and illness. A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted with 38 individuals who had been injured in the past, 8 medical psychologists, 62 graduate psychology students, and 19 health professionals treating injured patients. Data were ...
Reed Robyn C RC Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, C447 Mayo-MMC 76, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neonates are unusually vulnerable to iatrogenic injury due to small body size, delicate tissues, and immature immune systems. Investigation of an unexpected neonatal death in the hospital should begin with a review of the medical record and discussion with medical staff involved in the patient׳s care. Postmortem investigation should include ...
Némethy Mária M Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (Drs Némethy and - - 2014
As the highest peak on the planet, Mt Everest provides a truly austere environment in which to practice medicine. We examined records of all visits to the Everest Base Camp Medical Clinic (Everest ER) to characterize the medical problems that occur in these patients. A retrospective analysis of medical records ...
Zanello Marc M Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, - - 2014
On 30 June 1559, Henry II, King of France, was mortally wounded in the head by a lance during a jousting match. Despite the best efforts of his physicians, Ambroise Paré and Andreas Vesalius, King Henry died 11 days later. This article, based on previously unpublished evidence, aims at examining the ...
Patty Christopher M CM Advanced Practice Nursing Department, Kaweah Delta Medical Center, Visalia, California (Dr Patty); and Doctor of Nursing Practice Program, California State University, Fresno (Dr - - 2014
Use of medications for hospitalized patients is nearly universal, and medication-related injuries are common. Accurate assessment of harm is foundational to development of effective hospital medication safety plans. Using methods nearly identical to those in large national studies, the author examined incidence and typology of medication-related injury. This practice innovation ...
Barillo David J DJ Disaster Response, Critical Care Consultants, LLC, Mount Pleasant, SC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medical support of military operations involves treatment of massive soft tissue wounds, thermal burns, open fractures, blast injuries and traumatic amputations under conditions that are often austere and far from supply lines. Military hospitals, as recently deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, are designed and equipped for stabilization and rapid transfer ...
Sherer Mark M TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, Texas, USA; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the accuracy of self-reported length of coma (LOC) and post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) in persons with medically verified TBI and to investigate factors that affect self-report of LOC and PTA. Prospective cohort. Specialized rehabilitation center with inpatient and outpatient programs. 242 persons with medically verified TBI who were identified ...
Malish Richard G RG Winn Army Community Hospital, 1061 Harmon Avenue, Fort Stewart GA - - 2014
Before 2011, Army commanders were unable to achieve complete visibility of soldiers possessing temporary medical limitations. The creation of time-limited definitions and technical categorization of this group, now known as the medically not ready (MNR) population, eventually allowed its quantification. With heightened visibility of the group, leaders in the Fort ...
Emejulu Jkc J Department of Surgery, Neurosurgery Unit, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, - - 2014
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is the most commonly used tool in assessing comatose patients. It is simple, easily communicable, and useful in prognostication and determination of the treatment modality in head injury. Unfortunately, a high percentage of clinicians who are not in the emergency or neurological services are not conversant ...
Omori Kazuhiko K Shizuoka Hospital, Juntendo University, Shizuoka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the operating situation of a physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service in eastern Shizuoka prefecture. A retrospective analysis was performed using the conveyance records reported by staff members of the physician-staffed helicopter. A comparison between 2007 (n = 619) and 2012 (n = 678) was performed. There were no ...
Urquieta Emmanuel E Wright State University Division of Aerospace Medicine, Dayton, OH; Mexico City's Police Department Helicopter Emergency Medical Services, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mexico City is the largest metropolitan area in the Americas and 1 of the largest in the world; its geographic location and uncontrolled population and industrial growth make this metropolis prone to natural and human-made disasters. Mass casualty disaster responses in Mexico City tend to have complications from multiple logistical ...
Krabak Brian J BJ Rehabilitation, Orthopedics, and Sports Medicine, University of Washington Sports Medicine, 3800 Montlake Boulevard Northeast, Box 354060, Seattle, WA 98195, USA; Seattle Children's Sports Medicine, 4800 Sand Point Way Northeast, Seattle, WA 98145, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Participation in ultramarathon races and knowledge of these athletes continues to increase as the sport becomes more popular. Physicians and athletes need to better understand the impact of the unique aspects of ultramarathon races, such as race environment (temperature, humidity, and altitude), race distance, race stages, nutritional requirements and equipment, ...
Sohn Jungwoo J Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Several epidemiological studies on medical care utilization prior to suicide have considered the motivation of suicide, but focused on the influence of physical illnesses. Medical care expenditure in suicide completers with non-illness-related causes has not been investigated. Suicides motivated by non-illness-related factors were identified using the investigator's note from the ...
Galanis Daniel J DJ From the Injury Prevention and Control Program (D.J.G., L.R.), Hawaii Department of Health; and Department of Surgery (C.L.L., L.L.W., S.S.), University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine, Honolulu, - - 2014
Reports regarding helmets in motorcycle crashes have been limited by the lack of data across the spectrum of injury outcomes, generally excluding low-severity injuries that do not require further medical treatment. We hypothesized that the protective effect of helmets may be underestimated in studies that focused only on patients who ...
Tan Clive M - - 2014
Systematically planning appropriate medical coverage for mass-participation running events is a challenge that has received relatively little attention in the medical literature, despite its potentially severe consequences. In particular, the literature lacks quantitative information on running events that medical planners can utilize for decisions on medical resource allocation and deployment. ...
Lundy Douglas W DW Resurgens Orthopaedics, Atlanta, - - 2014
Orthopaedic trauma has been associated with the history of medical liability all the way back to the dark ages and the bubonic plague. Caps on noneconomic damages and other reforms have been challenged in many states, and an innovative approach to medical liability reform must be developed within the medical ...
Evans David C DC Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2014
Trauma dogma dictates that the physiologic response to injury is blunted by beta-blockers and other cardiac medications. We sought to determine how the pre-injury cardiac medication profile influences admission physiology and post-injury outcomes. Trauma patients older than 45 evaluated at our center were retrospectively studied. Pre-injury medication profiles were evaluated ...
Visser Jenny T JT Department of Primary Health Care and General Practice, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand (Dr Visser). Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the range and types of medical and traumatic conditions encountered in land search and rescue operations in New Zealand. Twenty months (May 2010 to December 2011) of land search and rescue operations were analyzed. Data on medical and traumatic conditions were extracted ...
Luce John C JC From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (JCL, KM, RG, PG, RZ, JCS); Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (JCL, CMR, PG, RZ, JCS); Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation, University at Buffalo, Amherst, New York (JM, PN, MAD); Department of Health Care Studies, Daeman College, Amherst, New York (PN); Health Department, State University of New York at Cortland (MAD); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (PG); The Spine Center, Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton, Massachusetts (PG); Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston (RLS, CMR); Shriners Hospitals for Children, Boston, Massachusetts (RLS, CMR, JCS); and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas - - 2014
This study aimed to describe the pediatric burn inpatient rehabilitation population and short-term functional outcomes using the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation. This is a secondary analysis of data from the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation database between 2002 and 2011 included children younger than 18 yrs at ...
Roi Giulio Sergio GS Isokinetic Medical Group, Education & Research Department, Via Casteldebole 8/4, Bologna, 40132, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Requests for medical assistance during an amateur road cycling race, which included 56,700 cyclists over 6 consecutive races between 2006 and 2011, were analysed with the aim of improving injury prevention and medical coverage. Medical assistance was requested by a small percentage of participants (1.7±1.0%), but the actual number seeking ...
Li Heng - - 2014
Although China experienced great improvement in their health system, disputes between patients and doctors have increasingly intensified, reaching an unprecedented level. Retrospective analysis of medical malpractice litigation can discover the characteristics and fundamental cause of these disagreements. We analyzed medical malpractice litigation data from 1998 to 2011 for characteristics of ...
Nadler Roy R From the Trauma and Combat Medicine Branch, Surgeon General's Headquarters (R.N., S.G., A.B., A.A., E.G.), Israel Defense Force, Ramat Gan; and Magen David Adom (R.S.), Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Accumulating evidence established the benefit of tranexamic acid (TXA) for traumatic bleeding in the hospital setting. TXA use in the field (at or near the point of injury [POI]) was described in the military setting but not in the civilian one. The current study describes the Israeli combined experience (civilian ...
Christensen Doran M DM From the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (Drs Christensen, Iddins, and Goans) and the National Security and Emergency Management Programs (Mr Glassman) at the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education in Tennessee; the Division of Emergency Medicine at Einstein Medical Center Elkins Park and the Philadelphia University Disaster Medicine and Management Master's Program, both in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Dr Parrillo); and the MJW Corporation in Amherst, New York (Dr - - 2014
To provide proper medical care for patients after a radiation incident, it is necessary to make the correct diagnosis in a timely manner and to ascertain the relative magnitude of the incident. The present article addresses the clinical diagnosis and management of high-dose radiation injuries and illnesses in the first ...
Meyersohn Nandini M NM Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, FND 2-216, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2014
Common medical interventions performed by cardiologists, radiologists, surgeons, dentists, and alternative practitioners can result in complications within the thorax that lead to significant patient morbidity. Prompt radiologic identification of iatrogenic complications of medical procedures in the thorax is essential to guide patient triage and treatment. Understanding the approach to common ...
Putukian Margot M 1Athletic Medicine, Princeton University, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson, University Health Services, Princeton, NJ; 2MedStar Sports Medicine Research Center, Baltimore, MD; and 3Department of Orthopaedics, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, - - 2014
Boys'/men's and girls'/women's lacrosse are the fastest-growing sports at the high school and college levels and are team sports with unique medical issues and injuries. The rules of the game are very different for the women's game compared with those for the men's game. Youth rules include modifications that take ...
Modell Michael M MM Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, United Kingdom, E-mail: - - 2014
As part of my undergraduate medical degree and as a keen scuba diver, I undertook my clinical elective at the Hyperbaric Medical Centre, Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt (Figure 1). The Centre first opened in 1993, and its hyperbaric chamber quickly became one of the busiest in the world. This was ...
Remick Kyle N KN Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, 8901 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20889, United States; Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Trauma remains a leading cause of death and disability in the world, and trauma systems decrease mortality from trauma. We developed the Global Trauma System Evaluation Tool (G-TSET) specifically for use in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) in the Republic of South Sudan (RSS) ...
Kaplan Robert M RM Dept of Health Services, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Despite benefits of physical activity (PA), exercise is also associated with risks. Musculoskeletal injury (MSI) risk increases with exercise frequency/intensity. MSI is associated with costs including medical care and time lost from work. To evaluate the economic costs associated with PA-related MSIs in community-dwelling women. Participants included 909 women in ...
Al-Halawani Moh'd Z MZ Department of Internal Medicine, St. Michael's Medical Center, Seton Hall University School of Health and Medical Sciences, South Orange, NJ, - - 2014
With the increasing use of various medications and supplements nowadays, the incidence of abnormal liver function tests and frank hepatic injury is has been increasing. Medications are now considered one of the most common causes of acute hepatic failure in the United States. Losartan was the first angiotensin 1 (AT1) ...
Rivera Jessica C JC San Antonio Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Fort Sam Houston, Texas. - - 2014
Spine-related disability for military personnel injured in combat is not known. The goal of this study was to characterize spine-related disability in a cohort of soldiers wounded in recent military operations. The authors reviewed the U.S. Army Physical Evaluation Board database medical discharge records of 450 wounded soldiers for long-term ...
Barillo David J DJ Disaster Response, Critical Care Consultants, LLC, Mount Pleasant, SC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medical support of military operations involves treatment of massive soft tissue wounds, thermal burns, open fractures, blast injuries and traumatic amputations under conditions that are often austere and far from supply lines. Military hospitals, as recently deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, are designed and equipped for stabilization and rapid transfer ...
McDevitt J - - 2013
The criteria for allocation of medical cards to colorectal cancer patients < 70 were explored. All invasive colorectal cancers diagnosed during 2002-2006 (n = 4,762) were abstracted and linked to the PCRS master file to determine medical card status. Determinants of medical card possession before diagnosis were; age 65-69yr vs. ...
Dhanasekaran Renumathy R Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2013
Herbal medications are being increasingly used by the American population especially for common conditions like arthritis. They have been reported to cause adverse effects, including significant hepatotoxicity, but reporting remains sporadic. We report here a patient who developed drug induced liver injury following the intake of Move Free, which is ...
O'Neill Stephen - - 2012
We thank the authors for their support on behalf of our call for improvement to the quality and safety of content within medical apps generally and within colorectal-themed apps specifically [1]. Particularly, our assertion that app authorship should be explicit and transparent, and also that regulation of certain medical apps ...
Visser Benjamin Jelle - - 2012
I congratulate the authors of "Colorectal smartphone apps: opportunities and risks" on their highly topical review of the medical professional involvement in the design and content of medical apps in the field of colorectal disease (1). The author states that there is little medical professional involvement in colorectal apps design ...
Aptel Florent - - 2012
Intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction is currently the only therapeutic approach demonstrated to preserve visual function in patients with glaucoma. The first line of glaucoma treatment consists of topical IOP-lowering medications, usually initiated as monotherapy. A significant proportion of patients require more than one medication to reach a target IOP at ...
Schlagenhauf Patricia - - 2012
The concept of 'standby emergency treatment' (SBET) describes the strategy where travelers carry an emergency malaria treatment for self-administration when no medical attention is available or for use under medical supervision after a confirmed malaria diagnosis, and raises many issues for discussion. International guidelines vary on the topic, and there ...
Nevalainen Maarit - - 2012
Tolerance of uncertainty is an important skill among general practitioners (GPs). Our aim was to study fifth-year medical students' feelings related to facing uncertainty and fears of making mistakes in medical decisions. Further, we studied the associations of intolerance of uncertainty with demographic factors, the students' fears of making mistakes, ...
Connolly Kevin Ryan - - 2012
Major depressive disorder (MDD) remains a major public health concern, and one that continues to suffer an incompletely-met need for effective and acceptable treatments. The development of antidepressants, to date, has focused primarily on increasing monoamine neurotransmission with increasing efficacy while minimizing adverse effects. Medications currently recommended as 'first-line' are ...
Korting H C - - 2012
Mometasone furoate, a potent glucocorticoid (class III) with a favorable benefit/risk ratio, has emerged as a standard medication for the treatment of inflammatory skin disorders. The purpose of the investigation presented here was to determine the noninferiority of a topical mometasone formulation, a light cream (O/W 60/40 emulsion) with mometasone ...
Howland Robert H - - 2012
The effectiveness of a drug treatment is based on its efficacy, tolerability, safety, and acceptability. Effective medication management implies that the process of selecting and managing prescribed drugs results in an optimal patient outcome. Effectively prescribing medications includes gaining a mastery of drug knowledge, learning the nuts and bolts of ...
Kalkhoff Nicole L - - 2012
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to determine if job satisfaction differs between speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working in school and medical settings. METHOD: A Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS) was sent via electronic mail to 250 SLPs in each of the two settings. Job satisfaction scores were computed from subscale ...
Gevitz Norman N Department of Family Medicine, NYIT/New York College of Osteopathic Medicine, 119 Serota Bldg., Old Westbury, NY 11568-8000, USA. - - 2013
This article examines for the first time the theologically based medical ethics of the late sixteenth-century English Calvinist minister William Perkins. Although Perkins did not write a single focused book on the subject of medical ethics, he addressed a variety of moral issues in medicine in his numerous treatises on ...
DuBois James M JM Bander Center for Medical Business Ethics, St. Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri 63104-1314, USA. - - 2012
"Ethical disasters" or egregious violations of professional ethics in medicine often receive substantial amounts of publicity, leading to mistrust of the medical system. Efforts to understand wrongdoing in medical practice and research are hampered by the absence of a clear taxonomy. This article describes the authors' process of developing a ...
Vanhoutte Els Karla EK Spaarne Hospital Hoofddorp, Spaarnepoort 1, Hoofddorp, The - - 2012
The Medical Research Council grading system has served through decades for the evaluation of muscle strength and has been recognized as a cardinal feature of daily neurological, rehabilitation and general medicine examination of patients, despite being respectfully criticized due to the unequal width of its response options. No study has ...
O'Sullivan Lisa - - 2011
The history of nostalgia as a clinical category has many highly specific national stories. This paper traces an aspect of this history, examining aspects of nostalgia's changing meanings in nineteenth-century France. Nostalgia was a disease triggered by displacement, which became medically and politically important after the French Revolution, when military ...
- - 2011
Clinical coding is defined by Connecting for Health as 'the translation of medical terminology, as written by the clinician, to describe a patient's complaint, problem, diagnosis, treatment or reason for seeking medical attention, into a coded format which is nationally and internationally recognised' (Harding, 2009). It involves classifying diagnoses, procedures ...
Savova Guergana K - - 2011
ObjectiveTo develop an algorithm for the discovery of drug treatment patterns for endocrine breast cancer therapy within an electronic medical record and to test the hypothesis that information extracted using it is comparable to the information found by traditional methods.MaterialsThe electronic medical charts of 1507 patients diagnosed with histologically confirmed ...
Schwartz Paula - - 2011
Hyperacusis (decreased sound tolerance) and misophonia (fear of sound) are two conditions about which little is known. Consequently, physicians often struggle when they encounter patients who are affected by them. This article attempts to educate the medical community about hyperacusis and misophonia, both of which can have devastating effects on ...
Orrico Kathleen B KB School of Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, USA. - - 2011
Recent quality initiatives require that the routine annual therapeutic drug-monitoring (TDM) parameters for the high-risk medication digoxin include a measure of renal function and a serum potassium level but not a serum digoxin concentration (SDC) measurement. Several studies have shown that the majority of the SDCs obtained in hospital settings ...
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