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McDevitt J - - 2013
The criteria for allocation of medical cards to colorectal cancer patients < 70 were explored. All invasive colorectal cancers diagnosed during 2002-2006 (n = 4,762) were abstracted and linked to the PCRS master file to determine medical card status. Determinants of medical card possession before diagnosis were; age 65-69yr vs. ...
O'Neill Stephen - - 2012
We thank the authors for their support on behalf of our call for improvement to the quality and safety of content within medical apps generally and within colorectal-themed apps specifically [1]. Particularly, our assertion that app authorship should be explicit and transparent, and also that regulation of certain medical apps ...
Visser Benjamin Jelle - - 2012
I congratulate the authors of "Colorectal smartphone apps: opportunities and risks" on their highly topical review of the medical professional involvement in the design and content of medical apps in the field of colorectal disease (1). The author states that there is little medical professional involvement in colorectal apps design ...
Aptel Florent - - 2012
Intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction is currently the only therapeutic approach demonstrated to preserve visual function in patients with glaucoma. The first line of glaucoma treatment consists of topical IOP-lowering medications, usually initiated as monotherapy. A significant proportion of patients require more than one medication to reach a target IOP at ...
Schlagenhauf Patricia - - 2012
The concept of 'standby emergency treatment' (SBET) describes the strategy where travelers carry an emergency malaria treatment for self-administration when no medical attention is available or for use under medical supervision after a confirmed malaria diagnosis, and raises many issues for discussion. International guidelines vary on the topic, and there ...
Nevalainen Maarit - - 2012
Tolerance of uncertainty is an important skill among general practitioners (GPs). Our aim was to study fifth-year medical students' feelings related to facing uncertainty and fears of making mistakes in medical decisions. Further, we studied the associations of intolerance of uncertainty with demographic factors, the students' fears of making mistakes, ...
Connolly Kevin Ryan - - 2012
Major depressive disorder (MDD) remains a major public health concern, and one that continues to suffer an incompletely-met need for effective and acceptable treatments. The development of antidepressants, to date, has focused primarily on increasing monoamine neurotransmission with increasing efficacy while minimizing adverse effects. Medications currently recommended as 'first-line' are ...
Korting H C - - 2012
Mometasone furoate, a potent glucocorticoid (class III) with a favorable benefit/risk ratio, has emerged as a standard medication for the treatment of inflammatory skin disorders. The purpose of the investigation presented here was to determine the noninferiority of a topical mometasone formulation, a light cream (O/W 60/40 emulsion) with mometasone ...
Howland Robert H - - 2012
The effectiveness of a drug treatment is based on its efficacy, tolerability, safety, and acceptability. Effective medication management implies that the process of selecting and managing prescribed drugs results in an optimal patient outcome. Effectively prescribing medications includes gaining a mastery of drug knowledge, learning the nuts and bolts of ...
Kalkhoff Nicole L - - 2012
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to determine if job satisfaction differs between speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working in school and medical settings. METHOD: A Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS) was sent via electronic mail to 250 SLPs in each of the two settings. Job satisfaction scores were computed from subscale ...
Gevitz Norman N Department of Family Medicine, NYIT/New York College of Osteopathic Medicine, 119 Serota Bldg., Old Westbury, NY 11568-8000, USA. - - 2013
This article examines for the first time the theologically based medical ethics of the late sixteenth-century English Calvinist minister William Perkins. Although Perkins did not write a single focused book on the subject of medical ethics, he addressed a variety of moral issues in medicine in his numerous treatises on ...
DuBois James M - - 2012
"Ethical disasters" or egregious violations of professional ethics in medicine often receive substantial amounts of publicity, leading to mistrust of the medical system. Efforts to understand wrongdoing in medical practice and research are hampered by the absence of a clear taxonomy. This article describes the authors' process of developing a ...
Vanhoutte Els Karla EK Spaarne Hospital Hoofddorp, Spaarnepoort 1, Hoofddorp, The - - 2012
The Medical Research Council grading system has served through decades for the evaluation of muscle strength and has been recognized as a cardinal feature of daily neurological, rehabilitation and general medicine examination of patients, despite being respectfully criticized due to the unequal width of its response options. No study has ...
O'Sullivan Lisa - - 2011
The history of nostalgia as a clinical category has many highly specific national stories. This paper traces an aspect of this history, examining aspects of nostalgia's changing meanings in nineteenth-century France. Nostalgia was a disease triggered by displacement, which became medically and politically important after the French Revolution, when military ...
- - 2011
Clinical coding is defined by Connecting for Health as 'the translation of medical terminology, as written by the clinician, to describe a patient's complaint, problem, diagnosis, treatment or reason for seeking medical attention, into a coded format which is nationally and internationally recognised' (Harding, 2009). It involves classifying diagnoses, procedures ...
Savova Guergana K - - 2011
ObjectiveTo develop an algorithm for the discovery of drug treatment patterns for endocrine breast cancer therapy within an electronic medical record and to test the hypothesis that information extracted using it is comparable to the information found by traditional methods.MaterialsThe electronic medical charts of 1507 patients diagnosed with histologically confirmed ...
Orrico Kathleen B - - 2011
Recent quality initiatives require that the routine annual therapeutic drug-monitoring (TDM) parameters for the high-risk medication digoxin include a measure of renal function and a serum potassium level but not a serum digoxin concentration (SDC) measurement. Several studies have shown that the majority of the SDCs obtained in hospital settings ...
Schwartz Paula - - 2011
Hyperacusis (decreased sound tolerance) and misophonia (fear of sound) are two conditions about which little is known. Consequently, physicians often struggle when they encounter patients who are affected by them. This article attempts to educate the medical community about hyperacusis and misophonia, both of which can have devastating effects on ...
Malshe Prakash Chintamani - - 2011
Hypoxia has been a frightening term for doctors and medical students because of the possibility of damage to cells, tissues and organs. However, we now know that brief, episodic hypoxia gives rise to several adaptive responses. These responses in general prepare the body for better tolerating such hypoxic episodes, and ...
Jeffe Donna B - - 2011
Certification by an American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member board is emerging as a measure of physician quality. To identify demographic and educational factors associated with ABMS member board certification of US medical school graduates. Retrospective study of a national cohort of 1997-2000 US medical school graduates, grouped by ...
Morgan Melissa - - 2011
Antidepressant medications have been the fastest growing category of use of pharmaceutical products over the past decade. Selected Internet web sites providing information on antidepressant medications were identified and assessed using code of conduct criteria for posting health information on the Internet as developed by the Health on the Internet ...
Dickson Geri L - - 2011
In this article, we describe the depth of knowledge and skill nurses used in making decisions regarding the safe processes and practices of medication administration. Using grounded theory, we identified the essence of medication safety by nurses as the theme of clinical reasoning. Nurses used two medication safety processes within ...
Mallett Renee R The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA. - - 2012
The medical center experienced 8 wrong site/procedure/patient events between April 2008 and January 2010. A common cause analysis (CCA) was conducted on all 8 events to determine the causal factors of these events. After a sentinel event is identified, the medical center conducts a root cause analysis (RCA) within 45 ...
Choudhry Samreen - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding commonalities, differences, and trends in the regulation of minimally invasive cosmetic procedures (MICP) across different state medical boards in the United States. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess current state medical board regulations regarding MICP, so as to better understand current and emerging trends in ...
Johnson Kevin B - - 2011
Although pediatric electronic prescribing systems are increasingly being used in pediatric care, many of these systems lack the clinical decision-support infrastructure needed to calculate a safe and effective rounded medication dose. This infrastructure is required to facilitate tailoring of established dosing guidance while maintaining the medication's therapeutic intent. The goal ...
Sega Todd - - 2011
Objectives: To determine pharmacists' opinions toward implementation of a behind-the-counter (BTC) category of medications and assess pharmacists' level of agreement with dispensing certain medications in this category.Methods: 473 licensed pharmacists from Ohio were randomly selected for inclusion in the study, 248 of whom completed the survey (52.4% response rate). A ...
Sullivan Daniel - - 2011
SUMMARY:: Authorship of biomedical articles serves to acknowledge and credit individuals who contributed substantially to the development, writing, and editing of articles. In addition, authorship indicates who is responsible for ideas and experiments, and can be used to hold people accountable if something is disproven or shown false. Types of ...
Perera Prasadini N - - 2011
As defined by the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003, medication therapy management programs (MTMPs) must be designed to decrease adverse drug events and improve patient outcomes by promoting appropriate medication use. WellPoint Inc. contracted with the pharmacist-run University of Arizona College of Pharmacy Medication Management Center ...
Patel Ameeta - - 2011
To assess the number and characteristics of potentially harmful incidents occurring during placement of medical students in remote Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory. A retrospective audit of medical students' files from Northern Territory General Practice Education placements in Central Australia for the period from January 2006 to December 2007. ...
Spettel Sara - - 2011
PURPOSE: In the mid 1800s Dr. J. Marion Sims reported the successful repair of vesicovaginal fistulas with a technique he developed by performing multiple operations on female slaves. A venerated physician in his time, the legacy of Dr. Sims is controversial and represents a significant chapter in the mistreatment of ...
Rodgers Delores J - - 2011
The author provides an update on the current CME cycle, which began on January 1, 2010, and will end on December 31, 2012. The author also details minor changes to the requirements for Category 1 CME sponsors accredited by the AOA and describes new online CME opportunities. The current article ...
Ellis-Behnke Rutledge - - 2011
Three basic categories of hemostats are widely used in surgery today: chemical agents, thermal devices, and mechanical methods that use pressure or ligature to slow bleeding. Each has its benefits and limitations. However, nanotechnology is rapidly ushering in new medical technologies. This review focuses on the 'nanohemostat', a new class ...
Wallace Joseph - - 2011
The funding of assistive technology (AT) in the United States falls within a complex web of traditional and non-traditional funding sources that often create challenging barriers for individuals with disabilities. This article outlines the founding policies that drive the federal and state funding of AT across insurance, education, rehabilitation sectors ...
Born Christopher T - - 2011
Military, governmental, and civilian agencies routinely respond to disasters around the world, including large-scale mass casualty events such as the earthquake in Pakistan in 2005, Hurricane Katrina in the United States in 2005, and the earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Potential exists for improved coordination of medical response between civilian ...
Fuse Akira - - 2011
At 14:46 on March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami occurred off the coast of Honshu, Japan. In the acute phase of this catastrophe, one of our teams was deployed as a Tokyo Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) to Kudan Kaikan in Tokyo, where the ceiling of ...
Johnston Kylie N - - 2011
Clinical guidelines for management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) include recommendations based on high levels of evidence, but gaps exist in their implementation. The aim of this study was to examine the perspectives of medical practitioners regarding implementation of six high-evidence recommendations for the management of people ...
Djalali Ahmadreza - - 2011
Earthquakes are renowned as being amongst the most dangerous and destructive types of natural disasters. Iran, a developing country in Asia, is prone to earthquakes and is ranked as one of the most vulnerable countries in the world in this respect. The medical response in disasters is accompanied by managerial, ...
Eastridge Brian J - - 2010
By the principles of Tactical Combat Casualty Care, battlefield casualties are preferentially triaged on the basis of pulse character and mental status. A weak or absent palpable pulse correlates with a systolic blood pressure (SBP) of ≤ 100 mm Hg. Furthermore, the motor component of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS-M) ...
Andrews Jonathan J School of Historical Studies & Northern Centre for the History of Medicine, Newcastle University, Armstrong Building, Newcastle upon Tyne, NEI 7RU, UK. - - 2010
The second part of this paper explores deepening doubts about pyromania as a special insanity, British debates post-1890, and pyromania's supplanting with the broader diagnostic category of insane incendiarism. It assesses the conceptual importance of revenge and morbid-motivations for arson, and the relationship of Victorian and Edwardian concepts of arson ...
Kane Michael J - - 2011
The BION (Bionic Neuron) is a single channel implantable neurostimulator of unique design that can be delivered by injection. The development of the BION injectable neurostimulators exemplifies a challenging, but well posed medical design problem addressed with a successful strategy for prioritizing and resolving the biomedical and technological challenges. Though ...
Smith Wayne P - - 2010
Mass gatherings have a higher patient presentation rate than is found within the general population. Despite this fact, many mass gatherings are occurring without suitable medical coverage. South Africa has had no standard approach or model to determine the number of medical personnel needed to deploy to an event. The ...
Cassese Salvatore - - 2011
Percutaneous patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure is a safe and feasible treatment, and it is recommended over surgical approach in the majority of cases. Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO-AGA Medical Corporation, Golden Valley, MN) is the preferred device for transcatheter treatment of PDA. Recently, the ADO II (AGA Medical Corporation, Golden ...
ten Hoedt Rob - - 2010
Freelance medical journalist, Emma Wilkinson, MA, talks to Rob ten Hoedt, vice president of Medtronic's cardiovascular business in Western Europe, about the growth of the world's largest medical device company.
Wagner Uwe - - 2010
The more complex a medical device is, the more difficult it is to control the hazards associated with its use. A substantial percentage of harm or injuries to patients resulting from treatment can be attributed to errors. No one knows exactly how many victims have been claimed by medical errors. ...
Möller B - - 2010
The medical technology industry is one of the most innovative industries in Germany. Once a medical product is developed, it will be certificated according to European harmonized guidelines and norms. The respective national regulations in Germany are stipulated in the Medical Devices Act (MPG). Part of the certification process is ...
Diab-Elschahawi Magda - - 2010
Sterrad sterilizers have been developed for the sterilization of thermolabile materials. The aim of the present study was to challenge the efficacy of this low-temperature hydrogen peroxide-based sterilization system with different carrier materials and wrappings under experimental "clean" and "dirty" conditions. We tested the sporocidal effect of the Sterrad 100NX ...
Barrett Stephen L - - 2010
In 1926, a physicist at Harvard named William T. Bovie created an instrument, which revolutionized the medical profession--the unipolar electrocautery device. This incredible device could make surgical incisions and provide hemostasis as well. It came with a price, however, as it also created new risks and dangers in the operating ...
Rasouli Mahdi - - 2010
Electronic medical devices have become an indispensable part of modern healthcare. Currently, a wide variety of electronic medical devices are being used to monitor physiological parameters of the body, perform therapy and supplement or even entirely replace complex biological functions. Cardiac pacemakers, cardioverter-defibrillators and cochlear implants are a few examples ...
Hertzog B - - 2010
A new medical device, a patented flexible needle is described. The tip of the needle is blunt with a lateral hole and smooth rims. Flexibility is possible due to a very thin wall made of stainless steel. It enables us to inject into the skin most of the filling agents, ...
Heitz James W - - 2010
The prevalence of latex allergy is increasing in surgical patient populations. Avoidance of exposure to the allergen is essential to minimizing perioperative complications in patients suspected to be at risk. Natural rubber latex has historically been ubiquitous in medical devices containing rubber. In 1998, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ...
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