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Ferro Allison A Medical Oncology, Tripler Army Medical Center, 1 Jarrett White Road, Honolulu, HI 96859, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article describes an evidence-based approach to decreasing the length of stay of inpatient adults on the medicine oncology ward of a large urban military medical center. A strong and diverse team was formed, which worked together for the length of the project. A formalized approach involving weekly discharge-planning meetings ...
Katzman Martin A MA START Clinic for Mood and Anxiety Disorders, 32 Park Road, Toronto, ON, M4W 2N4, Canada, - - 2014
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioural disorder with onset during childhood. It affects a child's development, both at home and at school, and impacts on social, emotional and cognitive functioning, in both the home and the school environment. Untreated ADHD is very often associated with poor academic achievement, low ...
Nalugo Margaret M Department of Pediatric Surgery, Akron Children's Hospital, Akron, Ohio, United - - 2014
Telemedicine is a broad term and has recently become a household term in the medical field. However, there are many interpretations as to what the term "telemedicine" means. There are many facets to telemedicine and here we describe all of the elements of telemedicine, a glossary of terms, and how ...
O'Carroll Ronan E - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of the current study was to test theory-based predictions of mediators and moderators of treatment effects of a pilot randomized controlled trial, which aimed to increase adherence to preventive medication in stroke survivors via addressing both automatic (i.e., habitual responses) and reflective (i.e., beliefs and value systems) ...
Gelfand Amy A AA UCSF Headache Center, 1701 Divisadero St. Suite 480, San Francisco, CA, 94115, USA, - - 2014
Medication overuse is not uncommon among children and adolescents with primary headache disorders. Medication overuse in adults is associated with increased headache frequency and reduced effectiveness of acute and preventive medications. These issues probably exist in children. While withdrawal of overused medications is generally recommended, it may not result in ...
Jaynes Cathy L - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Air medical transport (AMT) teams play an essential role in the care of the critically ill and injured. Their work, however, is not without risk. Since the inception of the industry numerous AMT accidents have been reported. The objective of this research is to gain a better understanding ...
Logan Sarah L SL Department of Public Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, 135 Cannon St. Ste 301, Charleston, SC, 29425, USA, - - 2014
Medication adherence in children is poor, particularly among those with chronic or mental health disorders. However, adherence has not been fully assessed in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The validated proportion of days covered method was used to quantify adherence to psychotropic medication in Medicaid-eligible children who met diagnostic criteria for ...
Betts Keith A KA 1 Analysis Group Inc. , Boston, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Stimulants are recommended as a first-line treatment for attention- deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); however, a subset of the patient population augments their stimulant treatment with other medications. The objective of this study was to estimate the 1 year period prevalence of concomitant psychotropic medication use among children and adolescents ...
Tenney Jeffrey R JR Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, Division of Neurology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
Over the last one to two decades, several new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have become available. These medications have different mechanisms of action, metabolism, efficacy, and side effect profiles. Hence, it has become possible to customize medications for a particular patient. It has also become possible to use various combinations of ...
Madden Catherine - - 2014
Over the past several decades there have been multiple studies indicating that infants, toddlers and preschoolers who develop emotional and behavioral problems may not simply outgrow their problems. Early intervention is ideal, and may help to maximize long-term functioning. When other interventions fail or do not fully address the symptoms, ...
Bekele Elshadey E Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
Use of hydroxyurea (HU) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) may be hampered by its formulation as a capsule and the limited availability of liquid HU. At four Pediatric SCD clinics, parents of children with SCD ages 5-17 years were surveyed about their children's medication use and ability to ...
Finkelstein Eric Andrew EA Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore; - - 2014
An estimate of the lifetime medical costs of an obese child provides a benchmark of the potential per capita savings that could accrue from successful childhood obesity prevention efforts. We reviewed the literature to identify the best current estimate of the incremental lifetime per capita medical cost of an obese ...
Skornicki Michelle M OptumInsight, 10 Cabot Rd., Ste. 304, Medford, MA 02155, USA. - - 2014
In October 2011, clobazam was FDA-approved for adjunctive treatment of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), a debilitating childhood epilepsy characterized by drop attacks, for patients 
2 years and older.  To assess the budget impact of adding clobazam to an antiepileptic drug (AED) portfolio containing topiramate, lamotrigine, and rufinamide in ...
Schneeberger Andres R AR a New York State Psychiatric Institute , 1051 Riverside Drive, New York , NY , 10032 , United States of - - 2014
Abstract Stressful childhood experiences (SCE) are associated with a variety of health and social problems. In people with severe mental illness (SMI) traumatic childhood experiences have been linked to more severe and treatment refractory forms of psychiatric symptoms including psychotic symptoms. This study evaluates the use of psychotropic medication groups ...
Husarova Veronika V Clinic of Psychiatry, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University and Martin University Hospital, Martin, Slovakia; Institute of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Sasinkova 2, 813 72 Bratislava, Slovakia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehavioral childhood disorder. Dysfunction of prefrontal neural circuits which are responsible for executive and attentional functions has been previously shown in ADHD. We investigated the neurometablite changes in areas included in dorsolateral prefrontal neural circuits after 2 months of long-acting methylphenidate or ...
Edmondson Donald D Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of - - 2014
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs in 12-25% of survivors of acute life-threatening medical events such as heart attack, stroke, and cancer, and is associated with recurrence of cardiac events and mortality in heart attack survivors. This article reviews the current state of knowledge about PTSD after such events, and proposes ...
Usta Jinan J Department of Family Medicine, American University of Beirut, - - 2014
Our purpose was to assess medical students' willingness to help women survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) and its relation to past exposure to violence. A cross-sectional study of medical students enrolled in three major universities in Beirut was carried out: 545 students filled out a self-administered questionnaire. The Inventory ...
Samuels-Reid Joy H JH Center for Devices & Radiological Health, US Food & Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave WO 66 -2608, Silver Spring, MD, 20993 - - 2014
There are many barriers to the availability of medical devices intended for the pediatric population causing healthcare providers to use creative measures to address pediatric unmet device needs. The USA has taken significant legislative measures to spur medical device development and address the unmet needs in all pediatric subpopulations. For ...
Feijen Elizabeth Lieke A M EL Department of Pediatric Oncology, Emma Children's Hospital/Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
Cardiac events (CEs) are among the most serious late effects following childhood cancer treatment. To establish accurate risk estimates for the occurrence of CEs it is essential that they are graded in a valid and consistent manner, especially for international studies. We therefore developed a data-extraction form and a set ...
Bruns Deborah D Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Carbondale, - - 2013
The purpose of the study is to provide data about 22 survivors over the age of 1 year with full trisomy 18 (12-59 months). Mothers completed the online, mixed method Tracking Rare Incidence Syndrome (TRIS) Survey provides data on birth information (e.g., gestational age, birth weight) and medical conditions identified ...
Tapscott Brian E - - 2013
Nonmedical use of prescription medications (NUPM) is an area of increasing public health concern, particularly in young adults. Young adults aged 18 to 25 have the highest annual and monthly rates of NUPM of any age group in the US, with notable consequences from using opioid, stimulant, tranquilizer and sedative ...
Thio Liu Lin - - 2013
Dr. Masur and colleagues(1) from the Childhood Absence Epilepsy Study Group tried to answer a few important questions regarding childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) in their article "Pretreatment cognitive deficits and treatment effects on attention in childhood absence epilepsy." First, they wanted to know whether children with absence epilepsy have any ...
O'Mahony Seamus S Cork University Hospital Wilton Cork, - - 2014
William Somerset Maugham was one of the most successful and prolific authors of the twentieth century. He excelled in several genres, writing novels, plays, short stories, travel-books, memoir and criticism. His prose style was simple, witty; his world view weary and cynical. His childhood was marred by bereavement, losing both ...
Rezvanfar Mohammad Ali MA Departments of Pharmacoeconomics and Pharmaceutical Administration, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Asthma as the most common chronic disease in childhood reduces the quality of life of children and their families. We aimed to estimate the cost of managing childhood asthma in Iran and to examine its variability depending on asthma severity. The cost of asthma was estimated by building a cost ...
Abimbola Seye - - 2013
It is necessary to select a range of consistently identified prognostic factors from exploratory studies to include in multivariate models of confirmatory studies. We illustrate a systematic approach to selecting consistently identified prognostic factors using the example of predictors of remission in newly diagnosed epilepsy. Medline and Embase were searched ...
Bates Michael J - - 2013
Recent attempts in the USA and Europe to ban the circumcision of male children have been unsuccessful. Of current concern is a report by the Tasmanian Law Reform Institute (TLRI) recommending that non-therapeutic circumcision be prohibited, with parents and doctors risking criminal sanctions except where the parents have strong religious ...
Agnew Robin R 69 Greetby Hill, Ormskirk, Lancashire, - - 2014
The late Dr Henry R Viets (1890-1969) suggested in 1940 that the author of A Journal of a Young Man of Massachusetts was Amos G Babcock. He also showed that Benjamin Waterhouse edited the manuscript. A similar journal, The Prisoner's Memoirs of Dartmoor Prison by Charles Andrews, is also described ...
Bonomi Carlo - - 2013
The author considers the medical rationale for Wilhelm Fliess's operation on Emma Eckstein's nose in February 1895 and interprets the possible role that this played in Freud's dream of Irma's injection five months later. The author's main argument is that Emma likely endured female castration as a child and that ...
Humphreys Kathryn L KL Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2013
Psychostimulant medication is an efficacious treatment for childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, yet controversy remains regarding potential iatrogenic effects of stimulant medication, particularly with respect to increasing susceptibility to later substance use disorders. However, stimulant treatment was previously reported to reduce the risk of substance problems. To meta-analyze the longitudinal association between ...
Glauser Tracy A - - 2013
Purpose of Review: This article outlines a diagnostic and management approach to pediatric seizures and epilepsy syndromes, and delineates pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment options.Recent Findings: Progress in tracking of seizures, identifying and addressing medication nonadherence, treatment with novel devices, and clinical decision support algorithms will provide additional management options in ...
Ferguson Michael A - - 2013
Hypertension has traditionally been regarded as an uncommon diagnosis in childhood and adolescence; however, there is compelling evidence to suggest that its prevalence is on the rise, particularly in those with obesity. As a result, pediatricians increasingly are asked to evaluate and manage patients with elevated blood pressure. An increased ...
O'Carroll Ronan E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Adherence to preventive medication is often poor, and current interventions have had limited success. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to pilot a randomised controlled trial aimed at increasing adherence to preventive medication in stroke survivors using a brief, personalised intervention. METHODS: Sixty-two stroke survivors were randomly allocated to either ...
Brosco Jeffrey P - - 2013
IMPORTANCE For the past 100 years, medicine in industrialized nations has become increasingly focused on specific medical interventions designed to improve the health of individual patients. Substantial evidence suggests that broader improvements in public health, nutrition, and economic well-being are more salient than medical or surgical interventions for the remarkable ...
Casagranda Léonie - - 2013
Purpose: We compared long-term health effects induced by childhood cancer or its treatments as reported by young adult survivors and as noted in their medical records. Patients and Methods: We analyzed and compared health problems reported by 192 young adults treated for childhood cancer between 1987 and 1992 who were ...
Pelham William E - - 2013
Objective: Stimulant medication is an efficacious and first-line approach to treating ADHD in adolescence. However, less is known about the effectiveness of this approach as a treatment in real-world settings. The complicated nature of the secondary school environment and documented adolescent nonadherence with stimulant medication may undermine the exportability of ...
Whedon James M - - 2013
We report the case of a woman with posttraumatic stress disorder secondary to childhood sexual assault who attempted withdrawal from long-term use of antidepressant medication and experimented with a plethora of different therapies. The complex case history illustrates the potential difficulty of withdrawal from chronic antidepressant medication and the role ...
Edmondson Donald - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be a consequence of acute medical events and has been associated with non-adherence to medications. We tested whether increased concerns about medications could explain the association between PTSD and non-adherence to medication in stroke survivors. DESIGN: We surveyed 535 participants aged 40 years or older ...
Kronish Ian M IM Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Even though medications can greatly reduce the risk of recurrent stroke, medication adherence is suboptimal in stroke survivors. To identify key barriers to medication adherence in a predominantly low-income, minority group of stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) survivors. Cross-sectional study. Six hundred stroke or TIA survivors, age ≥ 40 ...
Digilio Girolamo - - 2013
The history of treatment of childhood leukemia is a meaningful model of ethical, bioethical and organizational repercussions of medical progress. Specifically, it has provided precious indications and very useful tools to cope with several of the more important problems of modern medicine: the value of controlled randomized studies; the risks ...
Björkenstam Emma - - 2013
Stressful childhood experiences have negative long-term health consequences. The present study examines the association between adverse childhood experiences, socioeconomic position, and risk of psychotropic medication in young adulthood. This register-based cohort study comprises the birth cohorts between 1985 and 1988 in Sweden. We followed 362 663 individuals for use of ...
Omar Mohamed - - 2013
Simultaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture is a very rare injury, which was previously only described in slightly more than 100 cases in the English literature. Occurrence after minor trauma is predominantly associated with certain medical conditions including chronic diseases and long-term use of certain drugs. We report the case of ...
Visser Susanna N SN National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop E-88, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. - - 2013
Medication is the most effective treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a common neurobehavioral disorder of childhood. We used data from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health to calculate weighted estimates of parent-reported ADHD and medication treatment among US children aged 4 to 17 years, by state and sex-stratified age. ...
Brinkman Tara M TM Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Control, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA. - - 2013
Childhood cancer survivors are at risk for late effects which may be managed pharmacologically. The purposes of this study were to estimate and compare the prevalence of psychoactive medication use of adult survivors of childhood cancer and sibling controls, identify predictors of medication use in survivors, and investigate associations between ...
McGregor T L TL Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University and the Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2013
The Vanderbilt DNA repository, BioVU, links DNA from leftover clinical blood samples to de-identified electronic medical records (EMRs). After initiating adult sample collection, pediatric extension required consideration of ethical concerns specific to pediatrics and implementation of specialized DNA extraction methods. In the first year of pediatric sample collection, more than ...
McColl Helen - - 2012
Doctors may assess and treat torture survivors; some may document crucial evidence of torture in medico-legal reports. However, there is a lack of education on torture and related ethical and legal issues at undergraduate and postgraduate level and many doctors are not aware of opportunities to work with organisations for ...
Singh Manpreet K - - 2012
Little is known about the neurobiological effects of psychotropic medications used in the treatment of children and adolescents diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder. This review provides a synopsis of the literature demonstrating the neural effects associated with exposure to psychotropic medication in youth using multimodal neuroimaging. The article concludes by ...
Isaksen Jørn - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Considerable knowledge about medical comorbidity in cases of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is available, still it is not well established how extensive the medical investigations should be in individual cases. The aim is to explore proportions of possible specific medical conditions in ASD. METHODS: 79 subjects went through extensive ...
Sherafat-Kazemzadeh R - - 2013
Pediatric obesity is a serious medical condition associated with significant comorbidities during childhood and adulthood. Lifestyle modifications are essential for treating children with obesity, yet many have insufficient response to improve health with behavioral approaches alone. This review summarizes the relatively sparse data on pharmacotherapy for pediatric obesity and presents ...
Channing Jonathan - - 2012
Many young people in forensic adolescent units require intramuscular medication for rapid tranquillization. The efficacy and safety of the medications used is not well reported in this age group. Here we report a case of a 14-year-old girl experiencing severe oversedation and respiratory compromise on two occasions following intramuscular clonazepam.
Brown Carrie A - - 2012
Bulimia nervosa has many medical complications associated with the different modes of purging utilized by these patients. There also are inherent medical complications associated with chronic purging when these behaviors are abruptly discontinued. These complications experienced by a patient with bulimia nervosa when they decide to cease purging, can be ...
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