Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 333
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Potter S J - - 2000
The bomb in Omagh on the 15th August 1998 was responsible for the largest loss of life of any single terrorist incident in the whole of the "Troubles" in Northern Ireland. However, the medical response to this tragedy provided an excellent opportunity for the civilian and military agencies to work ...
Kiessling J - - 2000
The article gives an overview of current developments in audiology. Present challenges and questions are discussed and possible solutions are suggested. The scope includes diagnostic and rehabilitative features of audiology and focuses on basic assessment of hearing functions, localization of the site of lesion, objective assessment of auditory functions, and ...
Blau G - - 2000
Using a sample of 292 medical technologists surveyed over a three-year period, this study tested the hypothesis that job-loss insecurity and job-feature insecurity were related but distinguishable constructs. Factor analysis supported this hypothesis. In addition, each construct demonstrated a differential pattern to significant antecedents. Specifically, cross-training desire and organizational downsizing ...
Clay B - - 1999
The future medical staffing for the NHS needs to take account of the demands of doctors for a humane lifestyle and the service demands of all groups of patients. The increasing numbers of female practitioners and the reduction in hours required by new legislation will be important influences. Suggestions are ...
Kavakli K - - 1999
Fibrin glues, a kind of biological sealant, have been used for enhancement of local haemostasis, tissue sealing and wound healing for haemophilia and similar disorders. Commercial viral-inactivated fibrin glue products are available in Europe and have recently been approved in the USA. Using fibrin glue, hospitalization, medical cost, viral transmission ...
Woo L - - 1999
A unique set of material properties is needed to meet the special requirements of the medical market. Flexible poly(vinyl chloride), which has occupied a pre-eminent position for nearly half a century, is increasingly being challenged by newer and more advanced polymer systems. Several propylene-based elastomers with low crystallinities are promising ...
Richardson R C - - 1999
As survival rates for childhood cancer have increased during the past three decades, a significant population of young adult survivors has emerged. Medical late effects of particular concern to this population, including reproductive issues, osteoporosis, cardiotoxicity, hepatitis C, and second malignancies are discussed. Educational, occupational, insurance, and other significant psychosocial ...
Boulanger S C - - 1999
Molecular biology is leading a revolution in our understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of disease and will continue to do so. Medicine in the future will require a greater understanding of this field and its methods by medical practitioners. This report reviews the basic aspects of the field including recombinant DNA ...
Mottu F - - 1999
The aim of this review is to give an overview and some insight into different radiopaque polymeric materials that are currently used as medical implants or inserts. The advantages and limitations of each radiopaque polymeric material are summarized. The main method used to make medical implants radiologically visible is based ...
Humphrey J C - - 1999
On the evening of February 25, 1991, an Iraqi scud missile plunged into a "barracks/warehouse" used to house U.S. Army soldiers assigned to the 475th Quartermaster Group in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. As a consequence of this scud attack, 28 soldiers died, 110 were hospitalized, and 150 experienced minor physical injuries ...
Littler C M - - 1999
Laser emission from neodymium-doped glass was first produced nearly 40 years ago. Later, a crystal of yttrium, aluminum, and garnet (YAG) was discovered to be a better lasing host for neodymium. The Nd:YAG laser has since been used for a variety of medical applications, more recently, this instrument has been ...
Todorovski L - - 1999
In the paper, we focus on the problem of building and disseminating multimedia medical databases on the World Wide Web (WWW). The current results of the ongoing project of building a prototype dermatology images database and its WWW presentation are presented. The dermatology database is part of an ambitious plan ...
Neri D - - 1999
This paper's main issue is linked to what can be foreseen as the increasing capability of medical genetics to modify the genetic composition of the human species through direct interventions in the human genome for medical and non-medical purposes, i.e., the "risk" of a resurgence of eugenics. In current discussions ...
Yoon K C - - 1998
Although the double eyelid operation was initially designed to create supratarsal folds in Asians, it has evolved into a cosmetic procedure to make Asian eyelids more aesthetically pleasing. Therefore, it is appropriate to call it "blepharoplasty for young Asians." All the candidates for this operation desired natural-looking attractive eyelids with ...
Theile D E - - 1998
The Australian Medical Workforce Advisory Committee has studied the specialties of anaesthesia, general surgery, orthopaedics, ophthalmology and urology in Australia. A methodology is presented for rationalizing various data sources to establish numbers and characteristics of the existing workforce, for applying a variety of information to establish opinion about current adequacy, ...
Tännsjö Torbjörn - - 1998
In the Fall of 1997 the leading Swedish newspaper, Dagens Nyheter, created a media hype over the Swedish policy of compulsory sterilisation that had been in operation between 1935 and 1975. In the discussion that followed, the moral condemnation of our medical past was unanimous. However, the reasons for rejecting ...
Marmor T R - - 1998
This article is a form of thinking about the future properly regarded as conditional forecasting. It begins by reminding readers of the enormous changes in American medicine since World War II. The second part revisits critically an earlier effort at conditional forecasting for 1995 that Paul Starr and I published ...
Wyszynski D F - - 1998
The Nazi Doctors' Trial, held in the city of Nuremberg 50 years ago, is a landmark in the history of medicine and science. For the first time, the horrors inflicted by a group of German scientists on innocent victims became widely known. Most of the defendants received sentences that ranged ...
Sjøvold T - - 1998
The 5,200-year-old mummy of the so-called "Iceman" found in the Tyrolean Alps in September 1991 has not only provided unique information about the European Stone Age, but has also supported disciplines of glaciology and paleoclimatology, contributed to medical history, age-at-death determination, and plastic surgery. The Iceman is the oldest known ...
Lyons R F - - 1997
This article will trace the history and effects of the PPI from the time of its original concept by the FDA in the early 1970's to its current status. It will also address the response to this FDA initiative by the industry, medical community and consumer groups. Initiatives in other ...
Belli A M - - 1997
Non-invasive vascular imaging techniques threaten to diminish the catheter skills which radiology trainees currently acquire during diagnostic angiography. This, coupled with the desire of some vascular surgeons to perform minimally invasive "endovascular surgery", may threaten the future of this radiological subspecialty, or perhaps it will help to create a new ...
Garcia-Reboll L - - 1997
Penile erection is a complex neurovascular event that represents a balance between corporal smooth muscle relaxation and contraction. This balance is determined by the interaction between proerectile and antierectile neurotransmitters. It is believed that nitric oxide is the primary erectogenic neurotransmitter and that noradrenaline (norepinephrine) is the primary erectolytic neurotransmitter. ...
Korompai F L - - 1997
A Hungarian-born US heart surgeon spent more than 3 years in Hungary as a professor of surgery at a medical school. His mission was to begin invasive heart disease diagnosis and therapy. The experience was both historical--living in the past--and visionary--a look at the potential future of our economics- and ...
DeLozier-Blanchet C D - - 1997
Switzerland, with a population of slightly over 7 million, has about 83,000 births per year. There is no comprehensive national registry for prenatal diagnosis (PND) or congenital malformations. Health care is largely organised within each of the 23 countries. Whereas ultrasound screening is available to all pregnant women, the availability ...
DeBakey M E - - 1996
As in civilian medical practice, only by recording and analyzing military medical experiences can we apply the lessons of the past to future medical practice and improve the care of military personnel. Had certain problems in World War I been recognized and addressed, their repetition in World War II could ...
Soares J C - - 1996
Several compounds have been claimed to have a faster onset of antidepressant action. However, these trials suffered from lack of appropriate definitions and of standardised and comparable methodology, as far as measurement instruments, dosage strategies and statistical analyses were concerned. This article was undertaken to examine the data on the ...
Dyce J A - - 1996
The factor structure of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS; Beck & Steer, 1988) was examined among 411 outpatients (male = 132, female = 272, unknown = 7). Varimax-rotated principal-components analysis extracted three factors greater than unity that accounted for 40.4%, 6.9%, and 5.6% of the variance. Because the structure was ...
Reubinoff B E - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To review the current developments in the field of preconceptual sex selection and to discuss the moral dilemmas that accompany the scientific progress. DESIGN: A survey of the major publications on sex preselection. RESULTS: Examination of current methods of preconceptual gender selection revealed that in vivo methods such as ...
Portman R J - - 1996
Circadian rhythms of BP are established early in life. The ABPM coupled with an objective measure of activity is a powerful tool for the management of hypertension and is a sensitive tool for the dissection of the determinants of hypertension. The challenge for pediatricians in the future includes such important ...
Jee S H - - 1996
An outbreak of severe itching, erythematous and edematous dermatitis over the extremities and upper back developed in 8 of 17 workers in the raw-materials department of a paint manufacturing factory. The outbreak occurred during a 2-month period when Acticide EP paste (Thor Chemical, Cheshire, UK) was used in place of ...
Heughan C C Department of Surgery, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, - - 1996
The present demoralized state of Canadian surgery is due to a number of short-term influences. They include financial restraints, the desire of government agencies to off-load blame for unpopular decisions onto doctors and altered public expectations. The major long-term challenge will be a shortage of physicians and a severe shortage ...
Ambuel B - - 1996
Although partner violence is a common source of injury for women, physicians and female patients rarely discuss this problem. We outline a systematic approach to clinical practice that includes screening, case finding, intervention, and changes in the office environment. The clinician can begin to address partner violence by artfully applying ...
Law D G - - 1996
The way for librarians to manage the environment of the future is to hold fast to their traditional skills and professional abilities. The challenges in the future environment include technology adoption, copyright, scholarly communication, and the role of professional medical societies. Four major areas in which librarians have skills valuable ...
Nissenson A R - - 1996
There is no question that the next decade will see an enormous growth in the worldwide dialysis population. Increasingly, old and sick patients will be accepted on dialysis, and the worldwide dialysis population characteristics will approach those now seen in the U.S. In addition, recent attention in the U.S. and ...
Polkey M I - - 1995
Decompensated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is likely to remain a common medical emergency for the foreseeable future. Decompensation occurs when the capacity of the respiratory muscle pump is less than the load placed upon it. Even with optimal medical therapy, the mortality rate remains high. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation ...
Costello C T - - 1995
This article presents a review of the literature relating to iontophoresis. This technique has been used in physical therapy to introduce ionic medications through the skin, primarily for a local effect. Recently, there has been increased interest in using this technique for the transdermal delivery of medications, both ionic and ...
Rapisarda R - - 1995
Three patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy presenting with failure to thrive in infancy are described. Their families noted poor growth and sought medical advice up to six months before the diagnosis was suspected. Growth charts showed weight loss between 4 and 18 months of age. Length growth was affected while ...
Liptzin B - - 1995
This article identifies the importance of delirium in general medical practice. Recent revisions in the diagnostic criteria for delirium are discussed, and the epidemiology of delirium is summarized, including the incidence and prevalence, risk factors, origins, course, and outcomes. Studies of the pathophysiological features of delirium are reviewed and recommendations ...
De Moor G J - - 1995
This paper focuses on the current and future standardisation activities in CEN TC251 (European Standardisation Committee, Technical Committee on Medical Informatics). The progress of the Committee's standards development is summarized per working group. The main challenges of the next years are enumerated: coordination across working groups and project teams, quality ...
Burns L R - - 1995
This article reviews studies of the effects of medical organization structure on quality and cost conducted over the past three decades. Topics of inquiry have proceeded from the organizational to the individual provider level and from the inpatient to the ambulatory level. The article presents the findings of these studies ...
Shopper M - - 1995
Many medical procedures, while necessary and appropriate, may be experienced by a child or adolescent as a trauma, with the medical personnel considered as perpetrators in collusion with the parents. The medical procedures and the conditions requiring them are seldom the focus of routine history-taking or therapeutic process. Nevertheless, the ...
Laming D - - 1995
An explanation is offered for the reasons why an experienced pathologist engaged in the screening of cervical smears should have issued a large number of false negative diagnoses. The explanation centres on the interactions which occur between successive judgments when a long sequence of similar stimuli are inspected. Briefly, those ...
Mack J L - - 1995
Satisfaction with various aspects of a hospital visit may affect a patient's decisions about future patronage. Relationships between aspects of satisfaction, future use, and referral intentions, moderated by urgency, are explored in this study of 493 privately insured individuals. Results confirm the strong association between satisfaction and future intentions already ...
Green B N - - 1994
As Americans suffered through the heroic medicine of the 1800s, many medical alternatives, known as sects, evolved in the United States. Examination of the developments and problems encountered of medical sects, namely Thomsonism, homeopathy, osteopathy, naturopathy and chiropractic, reveals many similarities among them. While some sects have either dissolved or ...
Suwantemee C - - 1994
The anomaly of facial cleft no. 1 has been encountered recently. It is a rare finding and, accordingly, is being reported with the hope that more craniofacial clefts will be seen in the future and direct the attention of the medical community to the problems.
Bolt G - - 1994
Angiostrongylus vasorum has been recognised as a cause of respiratory and circulatory distress among dogs in southwestern France for more than a decade, and the nematode now appears to be of increasing importance in the British Isles and Denmark. The aim of this review is to give a concise account ...
Thompson S T - - 1994
Initial evaluation of the infertile male includes a diligent search for testicular factors, gonadotoxins, and coital factors in order to identify existing causes of impaired fertility and prevent further diminution in fertility. Certain prophylactic measures can prevent future infertility such as prompt correction of cryptorchidism, testicular torsion, genital infection, and ...
Weisz G - - 1994
This paper seeks to provide a systemic perspective on the development of medical specialization in France. Making use of information in medical directories of the period, it offers a quantitative analysis of developing specialization in Paris and the major provincial cities from 1880 to 1935. The first section examines the ...
Stanley A - - 1994
As a profession, dentistry was set on its course in 1858. We are still living with the consequences of the 1858 Medical Act, which placed dentists under the authority of the general surgeons. Our history is more complex than just evolution from the barber surgeon. This essay traces the development ...
Protti D J - - 1994
The participants of the panel on education and training in Medical Informatics, concurred that health/medical informatics is today thriving as a separate discipline, despite inevitable uncertainties regarding the future. Conferees discussed the distinctions between physician-built systems and those designed by medical informaticians, focusing on methodology as critical to medical informatics.
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