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Results 201 - 250 of 351
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Yudin A K - - 2001
Recent advances in combinatorial electrochemistry include new methods for parallel construction of small organic molecules, synthesis of conducting materials, electroactive solid supports and heterogeneous catalysts. In addition, new instrumentation for high-throughput electrosynthesis and analysis continues to be developed at a steady pace. Future development is likely to involve miniaturization of ...
Kirk-Smith M D - - 2001
The randomized double-blind clinical trial (RDBCT) is a key source of information for evidence-based medicine. However, anomalous and unexplainable results have prompted suggestions that 'unknown and unidentifiable biases' may exist. This paper identifies that a possible flaw in the implementation of RDBCTs may account for these biases. The flaw relates ...
Domínguez-Ortega J - - 2001
Anaphylactic reactions are among the most frequent causes for requests for emergency medical care. It is possible that no clear precipitating factor can be found delaying the onset of adequate treatment and increasing the risk of new episodes of anaphylaxis in the future. Hypersensitivity to Anisakis simplex, an intestinal parasite ...
Kuo R L - - 2001
The concept of virtual reality (VR) involves the computer generation of environments with which a user can interact directly. Virtual reality is now being used for medical applications, especially in the area of surgical simulation. As technology advances, VR simulation will play an important training role for both residents and ...
Coward K - - 2001
This is not actually a swimming chicken, but rather a fish that fulfils a similar role for subsistence farmers and can also be farmed on a commercial scale. Like the chicken, the tilapiines are meeting protein needs in an affordable way world-wide. However, present farming strategies are struggling to meet ...
Nakajima I - - 2001
We surveyed interactive telemedicine projects via telecommunications satellite (AMINE-PARTNERS, Post-PARTNERS, and Shinshu University Project using Inmarsat satellites) offered by Japan as assistance to developing countries. The survey helped clarify channel occupation time and data transfer rates. Using our survey results, we proposed an optimized satellite model with VSATs simulating the ...
Williams S J - - 2001
The results of a national panel survey of physician leaders are presented here. Although these perspectives are not drawn from a random national sample of all physician leaders, they do provide valuable insight from a group of key decision makers. Current technical and skill areas applicable to medical leadership, and ...
Mayle F E - - 2000
Amazonian rain forest-savanna boundaries are highly sensitive to climatic change and may also play an important role in rain forest speciation. However, their dynamics over millennial time scales are poorly understood. Here, we present late Quaternary pollen records from the southern margin of Amazonia, which show that the humid evergreen ...
Krueger J - - 2000
Many decision biases arise from the inability to ignore past events. The coherence of decisions is also compromised by the inability to fully use information related to the future. In Paccioli's game, a stake of money goes to the first player to score a certain number of wins. When the ...
Turnbull D - - 2000
This paper examines some proposals concerning the involvement of genetic counsellors in reproductive decisionmaking. This involvement represents the future situation as being shaped decisively by the "relevant" knowledge of powerful medical and other political interests. The paper deconstructs and reorders this proposed knowledge in order to make it problematic. The ...
Moghimi S M - - 2000
Poloxamers and poloxamine nonionic surfactants have diverse applications in various biomedical fields ranging from drug delivery and medical imaging to management of vascular diseases and disorders. Although this is a progressive, rapidly advancing field in biotechnology, the future will depend on the recognition and rectification of a range of toxicity ...
Shapiro S L - - 2000
PURPOSE: To review systematically clinical studies providing empirical data on stress-management programs in medical training. METHOD: The authors searched Medline and PSYCHINFO from 1966 to 1999. Studies were included if they evaluated stress-management programs for medical trainees (medical students, interns, or residents); reported empirical data; and had been conducted at ...
Reich W A - - 2000
Degree of commitment was explored in relation to core self and role-identity. Thirty-one American emergency medical technicians (EMTs) described themselves in the EMT role (EMT now) and the way they anticipated they would be in the future (EMT future) by selecting items from an adjective checklist. Participants also described "real ...
Spoljar-Vrzina S M - - 2000
The writing of this paper has been stimulated by the observable widening dichotomy between present pluralist discourses of multiculturalism, which claim the future of mutual understanding and harmony vs. the true prevalence of a dramatically growing discordance in human relations world-wide. Given the experience of working in the long-term exile ...
Morton R - - 2000
The annual meeting of the Australian Institute of Medical and Biological Illustration in Melbourne in November 1998 included keynote addresses from Richard Morton and Robin Williams. Both speakers looked at the future of the medical illustration profession, and in particular the impact of new technology. This matter was also addressed ...
Bystryn J C - - 2000
The future need for dermatologists is difficult to predict, as it depends on the structure of our health care delivery system, which is still rapidly evolving, and whose future shape is unknown. The best strategy to deal with this unpredictable situation is to de-emphasize trying to predict the future and ...
Barolat G - - 2000
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been available for about 30 years, but only in the past five years has it met with widespread acceptance and recognition by the medical community. Traditionally performed by neurosurgeons, SCS is being increasingly utilized by anesthesiologists, orthopedic surgeons and physiatrists. Pain management continues to be ...
Potter S J - - 2000
The bomb in Omagh on the 15th August 1998 was responsible for the largest loss of life of any single terrorist incident in the whole of the "Troubles" in Northern Ireland. However, the medical response to this tragedy provided an excellent opportunity for the civilian and military agencies to work ...
Kiessling J - - 2000
The article gives an overview of current developments in audiology. Present challenges and questions are discussed and possible solutions are suggested. The scope includes diagnostic and rehabilitative features of audiology and focuses on basic assessment of hearing functions, localization of the site of lesion, objective assessment of auditory functions, and ...
Blau G - - 2000
Using a sample of 292 medical technologists surveyed over a three-year period, this study tested the hypothesis that job-loss insecurity and job-feature insecurity were related but distinguishable constructs. Factor analysis supported this hypothesis. In addition, each construct demonstrated a differential pattern to significant antecedents. Specifically, cross-training desire and organizational downsizing ...
Clay B - - 1999
The future medical staffing for the NHS needs to take account of the demands of doctors for a humane lifestyle and the service demands of all groups of patients. The increasing numbers of female practitioners and the reduction in hours required by new legislation will be important influences. Suggestions are ...
Kavakli K - - 1999
Fibrin glues, a kind of biological sealant, have been used for enhancement of local haemostasis, tissue sealing and wound healing for haemophilia and similar disorders. Commercial viral-inactivated fibrin glue products are available in Europe and have recently been approved in the USA. Using fibrin glue, hospitalization, medical cost, viral transmission ...
Woo L - - 1999
A unique set of material properties is needed to meet the special requirements of the medical market. Flexible poly(vinyl chloride), which has occupied a pre-eminent position for nearly half a century, is increasingly being challenged by newer and more advanced polymer systems. Several propylene-based elastomers with low crystallinities are promising ...
Richardson R C - - 1999
As survival rates for childhood cancer have increased during the past three decades, a significant population of young adult survivors has emerged. Medical late effects of particular concern to this population, including reproductive issues, osteoporosis, cardiotoxicity, hepatitis C, and second malignancies are discussed. Educational, occupational, insurance, and other significant psychosocial ...
Boulanger S C - - 1999
Molecular biology is leading a revolution in our understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of disease and will continue to do so. Medicine in the future will require a greater understanding of this field and its methods by medical practitioners. This report reviews the basic aspects of the field including recombinant DNA ...
Mottu F - - 1999
The aim of this review is to give an overview and some insight into different radiopaque polymeric materials that are currently used as medical implants or inserts. The advantages and limitations of each radiopaque polymeric material are summarized. The main method used to make medical implants radiologically visible is based ...
Humphrey J C - - 1999
On the evening of February 25, 1991, an Iraqi scud missile plunged into a "barracks/warehouse" used to house U.S. Army soldiers assigned to the 475th Quartermaster Group in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. As a consequence of this scud attack, 28 soldiers died, 110 were hospitalized, and 150 experienced minor physical injuries ...
Littler C M - - 1999
Laser emission from neodymium-doped glass was first produced nearly 40 years ago. Later, a crystal of yttrium, aluminum, and garnet (YAG) was discovered to be a better lasing host for neodymium. The Nd:YAG laser has since been used for a variety of medical applications, more recently, this instrument has been ...
Todorovski L - - 1999
In the paper, we focus on the problem of building and disseminating multimedia medical databases on the World Wide Web (WWW). The current results of the ongoing project of building a prototype dermatology images database and its WWW presentation are presented. The dermatology database is part of an ambitious plan ...
Neri D - - 1999
This paper's main issue is linked to what can be foreseen as the increasing capability of medical genetics to modify the genetic composition of the human species through direct interventions in the human genome for medical and non-medical purposes, i.e., the "risk" of a resurgence of eugenics. In current discussions ...
Yoon K C KC Department of Plastic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, - - 1998
Although the double eyelid operation was initially designed to create supratarsal folds in Asians, it has evolved into a cosmetic procedure to make Asian eyelids more aesthetically pleasing. Therefore, it is appropriate to call it "blepharoplasty for young Asians." All the candidates for this operation desired natural-looking attractive eyelids with ...
Theile D E - - 1998
The Australian Medical Workforce Advisory Committee has studied the specialties of anaesthesia, general surgery, orthopaedics, ophthalmology and urology in Australia. A methodology is presented for rationalizing various data sources to establish numbers and characteristics of the existing workforce, for applying a variety of information to establish opinion about current adequacy, ...
Tännsjö Torbjörn - - 1998
In the Fall of 1997 the leading Swedish newspaper, Dagens Nyheter, created a media hype over the Swedish policy of compulsory sterilisation that had been in operation between 1935 and 1975. In the discussion that followed, the moral condemnation of our medical past was unanimous. However, the reasons for rejecting ...
Marmor T R - - 1998
This article is a form of thinking about the future properly regarded as conditional forecasting. It begins by reminding readers of the enormous changes in American medicine since World War II. The second part revisits critically an earlier effort at conditional forecasting for 1995 that Paul Starr and I published ...
Wyszynski D F DF Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md 21205, - - 1998
The Nazi Doctors' Trial, held in the city of Nuremberg 50 years ago, is a landmark in the history of medicine and science. For the first time, the horrors inflicted by a group of German scientists on innocent victims became widely known. Most of the defendants received sentences that ranged ...
Sjøvold T - - 1998
The 5,200-year-old mummy of the so-called "Iceman" found in the Tyrolean Alps in September 1991 has not only provided unique information about the European Stone Age, but has also supported disciplines of glaciology and paleoclimatology, contributed to medical history, age-at-death determination, and plastic surgery. The Iceman is the oldest known ...
Lyons R F - - 1997
This article will trace the history and effects of the PPI from the time of its original concept by the FDA in the early 1970's to its current status. It will also address the response to this FDA initiative by the industry, medical community and consumer groups. Initiatives in other ...
Belli A M - - 1997
Non-invasive vascular imaging techniques threaten to diminish the catheter skills which radiology trainees currently acquire during diagnostic angiography. This, coupled with the desire of some vascular surgeons to perform minimally invasive "endovascular surgery", may threaten the future of this radiological subspecialty, or perhaps it will help to create a new ...
Garcia-Reboll L - - 1997
Penile erection is a complex neurovascular event that represents a balance between corporal smooth muscle relaxation and contraction. This balance is determined by the interaction between proerectile and antierectile neurotransmitters. It is believed that nitric oxide is the primary erectogenic neurotransmitter and that noradrenaline (norepinephrine) is the primary erectolytic neurotransmitter. ...
Korompai F L - - 1997
A Hungarian-born US heart surgeon spent more than 3 years in Hungary as a professor of surgery at a medical school. His mission was to begin invasive heart disease diagnosis and therapy. The experience was both historical--living in the past--and visionary--a look at the potential future of our economics- and ...
DeLozier-Blanchet C D - - 1997
Switzerland, with a population of slightly over 7 million, has about 83,000 births per year. There is no comprehensive national registry for prenatal diagnosis (PND) or congenital malformations. Health care is largely organised within each of the 23 countries. Whereas ultrasound screening is available to all pregnant women, the availability ...
DeBakey M E - - 1996
As in civilian medical practice, only by recording and analyzing military medical experiences can we apply the lessons of the past to future medical practice and improve the care of military personnel. Had certain problems in World War I been recognized and addressed, their repetition in World War II could ...
Soares J C - - 1996
Several compounds have been claimed to have a faster onset of antidepressant action. However, these trials suffered from lack of appropriate definitions and of standardised and comparable methodology, as far as measurement instruments, dosage strategies and statistical analyses were concerned. This article was undertaken to examine the data on the ...
Dyce J A - - 1996
The factor structure of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS; Beck & Steer, 1988) was examined among 411 outpatients (male = 132, female = 272, unknown = 7). Varimax-rotated principal-components analysis extracted three factors greater than unity that accounted for 40.4%, 6.9%, and 5.6% of the variance. Because the structure was ...
Reubinoff B E - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To review the current developments in the field of preconceptual sex selection and to discuss the moral dilemmas that accompany the scientific progress. DESIGN: A survey of the major publications on sex preselection. RESULTS: Examination of current methods of preconceptual gender selection revealed that in vivo methods such as ...
Portman R J - - 1996
Circadian rhythms of BP are established early in life. The ABPM coupled with an objective measure of activity is a powerful tool for the management of hypertension and is a sensitive tool for the dissection of the determinants of hypertension. The challenge for pediatricians in the future includes such important ...
Jee S H - - 1996
An outbreak of severe itching, erythematous and edematous dermatitis over the extremities and upper back developed in 8 of 17 workers in the raw-materials department of a paint manufacturing factory. The outbreak occurred during a 2-month period when Acticide EP paste (Thor Chemical, Cheshire, UK) was used in place of ...
Heughan C C Department of Surgery, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, - - 1996
The present demoralized state of Canadian surgery is due to a number of short-term influences. They include financial restraints, the desire of government agencies to off-load blame for unpopular decisions onto doctors and altered public expectations. The major long-term challenge will be a shortage of physicians and a severe shortage ...
Ambuel B - - 1996
Although partner violence is a common source of injury for women, physicians and female patients rarely discuss this problem. We outline a systematic approach to clinical practice that includes screening, case finding, intervention, and changes in the office environment. The clinician can begin to address partner violence by artfully applying ...
Law D G - - 1996
The way for librarians to manage the environment of the future is to hold fast to their traditional skills and professional abilities. The challenges in the future environment include technology adoption, copyright, scholarly communication, and the role of professional medical societies. Four major areas in which librarians have skills valuable ...
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