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Ishida Yasushi - - 2011
Although more children with cancer continue to be cured, these survivors experience various late effects. Details of the medical visit behaviors of childhood cancer survivors (CCS) in adulthood remain to be elucidated. In order to examine medical visits in the past and future of CCS, we performed a cross-sectional survey ...
Stead William W - - 2011
The explosive growth of biomedical complexity calls for a shift in the paradigm of medical decision making-from a focus on the power of an individual brain to the collective power of systems of brains. This shift alters professional roles and requires biomedical informatics and information technology (IT) infrastructure. The authors ...
McCrory Paul - - 2011
The occurrence and management of sports concussion provokes more debate and concern than virtually all other sports injuries combined. In the past 3 decades, clinicians have gone from mostly anecdotal strategies to an international consensus-based approach and the early evolution of evidence-based practice. There is increasing engagement by mainstream neuroscientists ...
Miller Tim - - 2011
Spoken question answering for clinical decision support is a potentially revolutionary technology for improving the efficiency and quality of health care delivery. This application involves many technologies currently being researched, including automatic speech recognition (ASR), information retrieval (IR), and summarization, all in the biomedical domain. In certain domains, the problem ...
Bassed Richard - - 2011
The February 7th 2009 bushfires in Victoria, Australia, resulted in the deaths of 173 individuals, of whom 164 were included in the subsequent DVI operation. The final stage of the International DVI protocol is a debrief, referred to as Phase 5. The Phase 5 operational debrief process conducted in the ...
Haux Reinhold - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To reflect about medical informatics as a discipline. To suggest significant future research directions with the purpose of stimulating further discussion. METHODS: Exploring and discussing important developments in medical informatics from the past and in the present by way of examples. Reflecting on the role of IMIA, the International ...
Ellett Marsha L - - 2010
The sedative-hypnotic propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is being increasingly used for sedation during painful diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in adults and children. The purpose of this article is to present a general overview of the use of propofol for endoscopic sedation. Advantages and disadvantages of using propofol for sedation, as well as ...
Burgess Diana J DJ Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research (a VA HSR&D Center of Excellence), Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA. - - 2010
Patients' experience of stereotype threat in clinical settings and encounters may be one contributor to health care disparities. Stereotype threat occurs when cues in the environment make negative stereotypes associated with an individual's group status salient, triggering physiological and psychological processes that have detrimental consequences for behavior. By recognizing and ...
King Sallyann Coleman - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Open family planning discussions are essential, though until very recently curtailed in the U.S., yet no study has evaluated future physicians' willingness to curtail their counseling. DESIGN: Senior medical students at 16 U.S. schools (n=2316, response rate=80.3%) were surveyed on their agreement with: "I am willing to limit the ...
Trivedi Harsh K - - 2010
The medical home concept has been in existence since the late 1960s and has recently been significantly broadened to encompass comprehensive primary care for all patient populations throughout the lifespan. This article provides (1) a review of the foundations and evolution of the medical home concept; (2) an analysis of ...
Mohammadi Mahmoud - - 2010
Febrile seizures (FS) are the most common form of convulsive phenomena in human being and affect 2% to 14% of children. It is the most common type of seizures that every pediatrician is dealing with. It is the most benign type of all seizures occurring in childhood. There are many ...
Persson Anders - - 2010
This paper describes state-of-the-art medical visualisation and discusses the need for a research agenda that focuses on the development of the next generation of medical acquisition and visualisation tools, emphasising the fact that these tools must be based on medical user requirement and workflow studies as well as on new ...
Busing Nick - - 2010
The Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada launched the Future of Medical Education in Canada (FMEC) Project in 2007. The FMEC Project's overarching goal was to comprehensively examine the current state of undergraduate medical education, concentrating on its alignment with current and future societal needs. Like Flexner's work, the ...
Graff Zivin Joshua - - 2010
The influence of current medical technology adoption decisions on the use of future potential interventions is often overlooked. Some health interventions, once exercised, restrict future potential interventions for both related and unrelated medical conditions. For example, treatment of a patient with an antibiotic may lead to resistance in that patient ...
Mann George J - - 2010
Changes in medical construction and design are accelerating exponentially, and anyone who can anticipate where these changes are going to happen will be at an advantage. Knowing the "Megatrends" defining and driving the future of healthcare delivery and healthcare facility design will help decision makers anticipate the future.
Winters Ryan - - 2010
Describe the population, Medicaid, uninsured, and otolaryngology practice demographics for seven representative rural southeastern states, and propose academic affiliated outreach clinics as a service to help meet the specialty care needs of an underserved rural population, based on the "medical mission" model employed in international outreach clinics. Needs assessment. Review ...
Negus Tracy L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The primary mission of hospital ships is to provide acute medical and surgical services to U.S. forces during military operations. Hospital ships also provide a hospital asset in support of disaster relief and humanitarian assistance (HA) operations. HA missions afford medical care to populations with vastly different sets of ...
Accordino Melissa K - - 2010
The scope of medical student knowledge may differ by the student's future intended specialty. To determine whether medical student knowledge of and confidence with anticoagulation differed by perceived likelihood of managing anticoagulation in future practice. One hundred and twenty-three third- and fourth-year medical students (41% response rate) participated in a ...
Sosa Richard - - 2009
In his plenary session entitled Five Questions on the Future, Harvard anthropologist Arthur Kleinman capitalized on the 2009 Society for Medical Anthropology Conference's theme of Medical Anthropology at the Intersections to speculate on the future of the discipline.
Vessal Karim - - 2009
Historically, stratification in medical profession has followed certain patterns pertinent to the nature of the work and the organ of interest. Evolution of radiology was, however, different insofar as it followed an accidental discovery toward the end of the 19th century. The physical properties of the discovered rays were to ...
Chalian Ara A - - 2009
Geriatric otolaryngology is an emerging medical subspecialty developed in response to a pressing societal need. In this article, the author explains the rationale for this new subspecialty, reviews the landmark events that led to the creation of an organizational structure, celebrates the accomplishments that have been achieved thus far, and ...
Dixit Hemang - - 2009
The Nepal Medical Council (NMC) has been technically in operation for forty six years though in reality it is much less. The initial years were spent in establishing it. It is only in the last fifteen years or so that there has been much interest in it's functioning. The objective ...
Bayer Travis S - - 2009
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Microbial communities are involved in many processes relevant to industrial and medical biotechnology, such as the formation of biofilms, lignocellulosic degradation, and hydrogen production. The manipulation of synthetic and natural microbial communities and their underlying ecological parameters, such as fitness, evolvability, and variation, is an increasingly important area ...
Lacroix J S - - 2009
Large sections of the medical community have, in the past, thought of human olfaction as a minor sense that was destined to disappear soon. This view has changed completely in the last two decades. This article will attempt to highlight the most important recent advances in our understanding of the ...
Webb Steve - - 2009
This is an "Opinion" or "Commentary" text to support the Invited Opening Plenary Lecture of the NACP2008 Conference. It is an outrageously broad title, that I have been given, and I have made selections for the focus of the lecture and for this report. I observe a research methodology in ...
Hao Jinghua - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Engineered organogenesis is one of the most challenging areas on the cutting edge of regenerative medicine. Growth factors can affect cell proliferation, migration and differentiation profoundly, and thus play a critical role in tissue regeneration. TGF-betas produce a wide range of effects in different cells and tissues. TGF-beta3 is ...
Nowitzke Adrian - - 2008
A fundamental dilemma that faces both neurosurgery in general and the subspecialty field of spine surgery is the question of whether those who trained in the former and now work in the latter should maintain their links with their origins and remain under the broader umbrella of neurosurgery, or whether ...
Khan, Rehan A. (Rehan ...
Thesis (S.M.)--Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, 2007.
Castro Helena - - 2008
This article provides an overview about the recent advances in the dissection of the peroxide metabolism of Trypanosomatidae. This family of protozoan organisms comprises the medically relevant parasites Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi, and Leishmania spp. Over the past 10 years, three major families of peroxidases have been identified in these ...
Sachs Benjamin P - - 2008
Taking on the role as a new medical school Dean in a new city after Hurricane Katrina posed many challenges. To facilitate turnaround, 3 principles were applied: hit the ground running, promote community involvement, and gain a common vision for the future. This article describes Tulane University's process for implementing ...
Rao Arati V - - 2008
Efforts to integrate geriatric oncology principles in the training of all medical oncologists are underway.
Sooriakumaran Prasanna - - 2008
The Bolam test was the standard by which medical negligence cases were judged. However, recently, the Bolitho case has resulted in a shift away from Bolam, with significant effects for all future negligence suits. Doctors need to have a thorough understanding of these issues in order to practice successfully in ...
Baisden Denise L - - 2008
Future long-duration spaceflights are now being planned to the Moon and Mars as a part of the "Vision for Space Exploration" program initiated by NASA in 2004. This report describes the design reference missions for the International Space Station, Lunar Base, and eventually a Mars Expedition. There is a need ...
Mariano Edward R - - 2008
Continuous peripheral nerve blocks (CPNB) are effective for postoperative pain management in children in the hospital and at home. CPNB techniques are particularly advantageous when compared with systemic or oral opioids on medical missions to unfamiliar environments with minimal monitoring capacity. In addition, ultrasound-guidance facilitates the placement of perineural catheters ...
Reynolds P A - - 2008
Healthcare informatics is increasing in importance both for healthcare administrators and medical and dental practitioners. Governments across the developed world are initiating major national health IT programmes. At the same time, future best medical and dental practice will increasingly depend on computer-based support tools, although disagreement remains about the effectiveness ...
Webb Steve - - 2008
In this invited opening Plenary Lecture at the 1st European Conference on Medical Physics, I indicated some of the roles of medical physics, and specifically medical radiation therapy physics, in the development of improved cancer care for the third millennium. It is said that you are only asked to predict ...
Khan N - - 2008
The number of patients, especially children, diagnosed with Moyamoya angiopathy and being referred to us for treatment from all across Europe, has increased over the last few years. An increase in awareness of the occurrence of stroke in children in the general and medical population might be the main cause ...
Small Dan - - 2008
ABSTRACT: Addiction should be a matter, primarily, for the Chief of Medicine rather than the Chief of Police. While internationally renowned for its social kindness, Canada has not been without its share of disgraceful political mistakes in the not too distant past. Regrettably, there are many shameful events in Canada ...
Munro L - - 2008
This article explores the use of constructionist therapy with a reflecting team of hearing therapists seeing deaf clients. Using findings from two in-depth interviews, postsession reflections and a review of the literature, we propose that this model has the potential to cater to the diversity of the lived experiences of ...
Sanjeevi Arthi - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on progress made in the field of gastric motility in the past year, emphasizing advances in understanding the motor physiology of the stomach in health and disease; noninvasive imaging technology and data on novel pharmacotherapeutics and other therapeutic interventions for gastroparesis. RECENT FINDINGS: The ...
Vlaicu Sorina - - 2007
Living organ donors frequently incur non-medical expenses for travel, accommodation, prescription drugs, loss of income, and child care in conjunction with organ donation. Despite international precedent and widespread public support, Canada currently lacks a unified strategy to reimburse donors for these expenses. In 2005, we communicated with 78 individuals within ...
Dzik W H - - 2007
In the early years of the 19th century, James Blundell reported in the Lancet the first clinical application of blood transfusion for the treatment of haemorrhage. Although these initial experiments may appear to us to have burst upon the medical world, Blundell had in fact done a decade of pre ...
Johnson Eric K - - 2007
A case series and discussion based on experiences gained during Operation Iraqi Freedom are presented. The Army previously published an article on the use of Gore-Tex mesh in the staged closure of open abdominal wounds. We thought that use of a biomaterial could shorten the overall course of abdominal closure ...
Zuo Lian - - 2007
Nanomedicine is the use of nanotechnology to achieve innovative medical breakthroughs. Nanomedicine, with its broad range of ideas, hypotheses, concepts, and undeveloped clinical devices, is still in its early stage. This article outlines present developments and future prospects for the use of nanotechnology techniques in experimental in vivo and in ...
Prins Jelle T - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to review current knowledge on burnout in medical residents, including reported prevalence rates, and to establish which risk and resistance factors contribute to or prevent burnout in medical residents. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of the literature published between 1975 and 2005, using the Medline, ...
McKinnon Wendy - - 2007
: Providing medical management updates and long-term support to families with hereditary cancer syndromes in rural areas is a challenge. To address this, we designed a one-day retreat for BRCA1/2 carriers in our region. The retreat included educational updates about medical management, genetic privacy and discrimination, and addressed psychological and ...
Bonar Christopher J - - 2007
River dolphins are especially susceptible to negative human impacts. For their conservation, attempts of relocation or procreation ex situ may become important in the future to avoid their extinction. Additional knowledge and medical experiences of river dolphin management in captivity may aid such conservation efforts. The medical records and necropsy ...
Chacko Thomas - - 2007
General anesthesia and anaphylaxis cause profound physiologic changes. When both occur simultaneously, it is often difficult to recognize and identify the medication or product responsible for the latter. Following such an event, the proper assessment, diagnosis, and recommendations are essential to prevent future reactions. This article reviews the more common ...
DoBias Matthew - - 2007
The Medicare trustees' latest report prompted calls for reform on Capitol Hill. With the "45% trigger" activated, more cuts could be proposed. "Reform is needed and time is of the essence," says Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson, left. "The longer we delay, the larger the required adjustments will be, and the ...
Yang Zhaojuan - - 2007
MicroRNAs, identified only relatively recently, are regulators of gene expression with potential medical benefits. The combination of microRNAs and regenerative medicine is an emerging interdisciplinary medical field that can yield exciting new possibilities for clinical medicine. In this paper, we review the prospects of microRNAs as future therapies in regenerative ...
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