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Valle Javier A JA University of Colorado, 12631 East 17th Avenue, B130, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA, - - 2014
Nonadherence to cardiovascular medications is common and has been associated with adverse outcomes. Patient adherence to medications is complex, with multiple factors contributing to the development of nonadherence, and these factors likely evolve over time. Significant efforts have gone into identifying factors that impact patient adherence, including patient, physician, and ...
Lindström Veronica - - 2014
IntroductionPrevious studies have described the difficulties and the complexity of assessing an emergency call, and assessment protocols intended to support the emergency medical dispatcher¿s (EMD) assessment have been developed and evaluated in recent years. At present, the EMD identifies about 50-70 % of patients suffering from cardiac arrest, acute myocardial ...
Ramsey David J DJ Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Massachusetts General Hospital , Boston, Massachusetts , - - 2014
Abstract The treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and other pathologic ocular conditions that overexpress the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been revolutionized in the last decade by the introduction of intravitreal agents that target the VEGF pathway. Since treatment trials are designed primarily to assess the prevention ...
Haddock Luis J LJ Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Mass General Hospital , Boston, Massachusetts , - - 2014
Abstract The use of medications directed against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling has revolutionized the treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and many other retinal diseases in the last decade. However, the rapidly increasing use of these agents has led to a rise in treatment-associated complications. One of the ...
Simforoosh Nasser N Shahid Labbafinejad Medical Center, Urology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Over the past 35 years Iran had significant quantitative progress in postgraduate medical education; and growth in specialist's physician workforce supply. Health and medical education policy makers have struggled with many issues related to physician supply, such as determining the sufficient number of physicians workforce and the appropriate number to ...
Tsai Jer-Chia - - 2014
Measuring clinical learning environment is crucial for the quality improvement of medical education, especially for medical trainees at transition stages. Medical education in Taiwan is shaped by multiple socio-cultural influences. The aims of this study were to construct an instrument for measuring clinical learning environment in alignment with the local ...
Umezawa Shino S Psycho-Oncology Division, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan; Section of Liaison Psychiatry and Palliative Medicine, Division of Comprehensive Patient Care, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo, - - 2014
The current study aimed to describe cancer survivors' supportive care needs in Japan, to identify associated factors of unmet needs, and to describe the source of support that are preferred and actually used by cancer survivors. Using a web-based questionnaire, we examined unmet supportive needs and its associated factors among ...
Alston Reginald R *Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL †Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA ‡Counseling Center, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, - - 2014
Examine the relationship among assistive technology (AT), race, and other demographic characteristics (eg, sex, educational attainment, and employment status), medical coverage, as well as government support for veterans with severe disabilities. Data were analyzed from the Rehabilitation Services Administration-911 dataset collected in the United States in 2012. Descriptive and multivariate ...
Harper Nancy S NS Children's Physician Services of South Texas, Driscoll Children's Hospital, 3533 South Alameda, Corpus Christi, TX 78411, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medical providers need to monitor growth at every visit. Weight status is influenced by genetics, medical conditions, socioeconomic status, and family environment. Screening for food security and psychosocial risk factors is an integral tool to identify families at risk for nutritional deficits and child maltreatment. Nutritional rehabilitation is best accomplished ...
Miller Rickey C RC Department of Pharmacy, Allegheny General Hospital, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA - - 2014
Myelosuppression is a dose-limiting adverse effect with antineoplastic therapy and nonchemotherapy medications. Clinicians have data and guidelines to provide direction for the management of neutropenia and thrombocytopenia in patients with malignancies. Clinical situations outside oncology extrapolate these data along with limited data sets for those patients who demonstrate myelosuppressive effects ...
Grover Sandeep S Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
To examine attitudes towards psychotropic medications among patients with chronic psychiatric disorders as well as their family caregivers by using factor analysis. The study included 200 patients and their family caregivers with chronic psychiatric disorders who are attending the psychiatry outpatient services. A self-designed 18-item self-rated questionnaire was used to ...
Khorasani Elahe E Department of Healthcare Management, Faculty of Management and Medical Informatics, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The probability and severity of effects of induced demand are because of the interaction between a range of factors that can affect physicians and patients behavior. It is also affected by the laws of the markets and organizational arrangements for medical services. This article studies major factors that affect the ...
Lagerin Annica A Centre for Family Medicine, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden - - 2014
Aims: To investigate factors related to unsafe medication management among 75-year-olds during preventive home visits, and to describe the interventions district nurses used. Methods: An explorative study. During a 9- to 12-month period, 36 DNs used the Safe Medication Assessment (SMA) tool during preventive home visits to 75-year-olds who used ...
Ibrahim Kinda K University of Reading, - - 2014
ADHD is managed by stimulants that are effective but can cause growth retardation. Prescribers should ideally monitor children and trial a "drug holiday" to enable catch-up growth. Our aim was to map the experience of drug holidays from ADHD medication in children and adolescents. A comprehensive search of the literature ...
Singh Vijay K VK Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA; Department of Radiation Biology, F. Edward Hébert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
One of the greatest national security threats to the United States is the detonation of an improvised nuclear device or a radiological dispersal device in a heavily populated area. As such, this type of security threat is considered to be of relatively low risk, but one that would have an ...
Solanki Anjali A Kalpana Chawla Government Medical College , Karnal, - - 2014
Abstract Medical education in India is suffering from various shortcomings at conceptual as well as implementation level. With the expansion in medical education, the doctor to patient ratio has increased but these numbers do not align well with the overall quality of medical care in the country. To address this ...
Chabbert-Buffet Nathalie N Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine Department, AP-HP, Hospital Tenon, Paris. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although fibroids are common benign tumors, their impact on women's quality of life can be considerable. The most frequent symptoms are uterine bleeding, resulting in anemia, and pelvic pain. Fibroids can be of genetic or hormonal origin or arise from intrauterine events. Current options for medical treatment include control of ...
Penfold Rose - - 2014
Medical education and research capacity are often neglected in areas of conflict and instability. Physical and geographical barriers to accessing clinical learning environments, lack of dedicated teaching hospitals and frequent economic sanctions may all stunt the growth of a robust teaching culture in such regions. Here, we focus on the ...
Payne Christopher J CJ The Hamlyn Centre for Robotic Surgery, Imperial College, South Kensington Campus, London, SW7 2AZ, UK, - - 2014
Medical robots have evolved from autonomous systems to tele-operated platforms and mechanically-grounded, cooperatively-controlled robots. Whilst these approaches have seen both commercial and clinical success, uptake of these robots remains moderate because of their high cost, large physical footprint and long setup times. More recently, researchers have moved toward developing hand-held ...
Badiyepeymaie Jahromi Zohreh - - 2014
medical errors as a problematic fact in healthcare systems can increase patient's safety if reported. This article tried to determine several factors associated with not reporting medical errors from medical team's points of view. 300 staff working in different parts of educational hospitals affiliated to Jahrom University of Medical Sciences ...
Frenger Paul P A Working - - 2014
In 1978 the author constructed a medical wearable computer using an early CMOS microprocessor and support chips. This device was targeted for use by health-conscious consumers and other early adopters. Its expandable functions included weight management, blood pressure control, diabetes care, medication reminders, smoking cessation, pediatric growth and development, simple ...
Botsis Taxiarchis T Office of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, CBER, FDA, Rockville, MD, - - 2014
The medical review of adverse event reports for medical products requires the processing of "big data" stored in spontaneous reporting systems, such as the US Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS). VAERS data are not well suited to traditional statistical analyses so we developed the FDA Adverse Event Network Analyzer ...
Boyle Veronica - - 2014
Medical schools must select and educate to meet anticipated health needs. Factors influencing career choice include those of the student and their background as well as subsequent experience. Women have comprised over 50% of medical classes for over 20 years. This study describes gender patterns of current specialty interest among ...
Yari Arezoo A 1. MSc in Epidemiology, Kurdistan Research Center for Social Determinants of Health (KRSDH), Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of Social Capital Questionnaire ( SCQ) developed by Onyx and Bullen (2000) among a sample of medical science students in Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran and to compare the factor analysis with findings from two previous studies in ...
Ashrafi-Rizi Hasan H Department of Medical Library and Information Sciences, Health Information Technology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The efficient use of libraries can be an important factor in determining the educational quality of Universities. Therefore, investigation and identification of factors affecting library anxiety becomes increasingly necessary. The purpose of this research is to determine the factors effecting library anxiety of students in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences ...
Leyh-Bannurah S-R - - 2013
An increasing proportion of prostate cancer patients daily require low-dose aspirin medication based on cardiac comorbidities. Although a life expectancy of more than ten years can easily be achieved, surgeons are traditionally reluctant to perform major surgery on such patients. We aimed to assess blood loss, transfusion rates and 90-days ...
Montagne Michael - - 2012
From plate tectonics theory to psychoneuroimmunology, to medical uses of marijuana, and controlled drinking by alcoholics, there has been a consistent failure by scientists and medical researchers to consider radically new ideas and theories. A review and analysis of these cases and other examples identified numerous reasons or barriers for ...
Richter Lars - - 2012
Purpose Most medical robotic systems require direct interaction or contact with the robot. Force-Torque (FT) sensors can easily be mounted to the robot to control the contact pressure. However, evaluation is often done in software, which leads to latencies. Methods To overcome that, we developed an independent safety system, named ...
Djounova J - - 2012
A severe radiation accident occurred on Tuesday, 14 June 2011 in an industrial irradiation facility. Five people were exposed for 5-10 min to (60)Co source (137 TBq-3710 Ci). This accident was the first one in Bulgaria, in which the whole-body irradiation doses exceeded 1 Gy and suggested the development of ...
Vern-Gross Tamara Z - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Erythema multiforme (EM), Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS), and toxic epidermal necrolysis syndrome (TENS) are exfoliative disorders that may present as complications in some patients undergoing radiotherapy. The purpose of this literature review was to determine the reported frequency of these exanthemata in irradiated patients. METHODS:: A comprehensive search from ...
Kampf Antje - - 2012
Using the example of 'sperm tales', borne out of the biomedical technologies that went hand in hand with the establishment of the 'science of man' (andrology), the article engages with the epistemic evolution of interrelated biomedical theories and concepts of what constitutes a 'healthy' reproductive male body. The article asks: ...
Rivera T - - 2012
Thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) is applied worldwide for personal and medical dosimetry. TLD method has resulted in many interesting findings in medicine as TL dosimeters have many relevant advantages such as high sensitivity, small physical size, tissue equivalence, etc. The main characteristics of various TL materials used in radiation measurements and ...
Silindir Mine - - 2012
The interaction of radiation, whether it has natural or artificial, electromagnetic or particle-type characterizations, with materials causes different effects depending on the dose and type of radiation and physicochemical properties of the material. In the medical field, understanding the effect of radiation on a variety of materials including pharmaceuticals, medical ...
Xu Hua H Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. - - 2011
Semantic-based sublanguage grammars have been shown to be an efficient method for medical language processing. However, given the complexity of the medical domain, parsers using such grammars inevitably encounter ambiguous sentences, which could be interpreted by different groups of production rules and consequently result in two or more parse trees. ...
Williams Brie A BA University of California, San Francisco, Division of Geriatrics, and San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94121, USA. - - 2011
Compassionate release is a program that allows some eligible, seriously ill prisoners to die outside of prison before sentence completion. It became a matter of federal statute in 1984 and has been adopted by most U.S. prison jurisdictions. Incarceration is justified on 4 principles: retribution, rehabilitation, deterrence, and incapacitation. Compassionate ...
Feily Amir - - 2011
Botulinum toxin A has a wide variety of clinical applications in medical and dermatologic sciences. Nowadays, researchers introduce some other indications for botulinum toxin in cosmetic and especially noncosmetic aspects of dermatology such as medical rhinoplasty, hypertrophic scar, chemical brow lift, supraciliary wrinkles, pompholix, eccrine angiomatosis, Hailey-Hailey, dermatochalasis, lichen simplex, ...
Kobayashi Tsuneo - - 2011
An earthquake, Tohoku region Pacific Coast earthquake, occurred on the 11th of March, 2011, and subsequent Fukushima nuclear power plant accidents have been stirring natural radiation around the author's office in Fukushima Medical University (FMU). FMU is located in Fukushima city, and is 57 km (35 miles) away from northwest ...
Ranchod Tushar M TM From the Associated Retinal Consultants, Royal Oak, - - 2011
Exudative age-related macular degeneration is commonly treated with intravitreal injection of medications containing antibodies against vascular endothelial growth factors, including ranibizumab (Lucentis, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA) and bevacizumab (Avastin, Genentech). To the best of our knowledge, hyphema has not previously been reported as a complication of intravitreal injection of ...
Haynes Craig - - 2010
The University of California, San Diego (UCSD) Medical Center is the primary hospital for the UCSD School of Medicine. The UCSD Medical Center Library (MCL), a branch of the campus's biomedical library, is located on the medical center campus. In 2007, the medical center administration made a request to MCL ...
Thibodeau Patricia L - - 2010
The Duke University Medical Center Library and Archives is located in the heart of the Duke Medicine campus, surrounded by Duke Hospital, ambulatory clinics, and numerous research facilities. Its location is considered prime real estate, given its adjacency to patient care, research, and educational activities. In 2005, the Duke University ...
Jungersen Kirsten - - 2009
The purpose of this article is to look for possible traces of uroscopy in Scandinavia. The manuscripts and early editions on this subject limit the period of uroscopy in Scandinavia to 1450-1600, perhaps even beginning as late as 1557. In the first hundred years of this period, the most important ...
Fraser S - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A bound manuscript describing the medical cases seen by a mid-eighteenth century Scottish doctor was discovered in the possession of the first author's family. The identity of the doctor is not revealed in the book. The aims were to identify the doctor and understand the significance of ...
Huang Michael Bailou - - 2009
This article elaborates on the opportunities and challenges that evidence-based medicine (EBM) has posed to the development of medical libraries and summarizes the research in the field of evidence-based medicine and achievements of EBM practice in Chinese medical libraries. Issues such as building collections of information resources, transformation of information ...
Shultz Suzanne M - - 2009
This article highlights the contribution that historical information can make to the depth and interest of current medical practice and scholarship. Included are some suggested historical resources that may help shed light on a project's medical and scientific antecedents.
Greenberg Stephen J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The systematic indexing of medical literature by the Library of the Surgeon-General's Office (now the National Library of Medicine) has been called "America's greatest contribution to medical knowledge." In the 1870s, the library launched two indexes: the Index Medicus and the Index-Catalogue of the Library of the Surgeon-General's Office. ...
Oberhelman Steven M - - 2009
Medical dreams were not discussed by Greek popular dream interpreters, but were the domain of physicians like Hippocrates, Galen, and Rufus of Ephesus, or the followers of the healing god Asclepius. An exception is an oneirokrites (dreambook) in Codex 1350 of the National Library of Greece in Athens. This eighteenth-century ...
Touwaide Alain - - 2009
Greek manuscripts containing medical texts were inventoried at the beginning of the 20th century by a team of philologists under the direction of Hermann Diels. The resulting catalogue, however useful it was when new and still is today, needs to be updated not only because some manuscripts have been destroyed, ...
Rodrigues Joel J P C - - 2009
Over the years some medical studies have tried to better understand the internal behavior of human beings. Many researchers in this domain have been striving to find relationships between intra-vaginal temperature and certain female health conditions, such as ovulation and fertile period since woman's intra-vaginal temperature is one of the ...
Krause Oliver - - 2008
Type Ia supernovae are thermonuclear explosions of white dwarf stars in close binary systems. They play an important role as cosmological distance indicators and have led to the discovery of the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Among the most important unsolved questions about supernovae are how the explosion actually proceeds ...
Pro-Sistiaga Palma - - 2008
Projections from the olfactory bulbs have been traditionally described as 'nontopographically organized'. Olfactory and vomeronasal projections have been reported to reach nonoverlapping cortical areas. Four receptor expression zones have been described in the olfactory epithelium, maintained in the main olfactory bulb, but none in the olfactory cortex. Recent data have ...
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