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Penfold Rose - - 2014
Medical education and research capacity are often neglected in areas of conflict and instability. Physical and geographical barriers to accessing clinical learning environments, lack of dedicated teaching hospitals and frequent economic sanctions may all stunt the growth of a robust teaching culture in such regions. Here, we focus on the ...
Payne Christopher J CJ The Hamlyn Centre for Robotic Surgery, Imperial College, South Kensington Campus, London, SW7 2AZ, UK, - - 2014
Medical robots have evolved from autonomous systems to tele-operated platforms and mechanically-grounded, cooperatively-controlled robots. Whilst these approaches have seen both commercial and clinical success, uptake of these robots remains moderate because of their high cost, large physical footprint and long setup times. More recently, researchers have moved toward developing hand-held ...
Leyh-Bannurah S-R - - 2013
An increasing proportion of prostate cancer patients daily require low-dose aspirin medication based on cardiac comorbidities. Although a life expectancy of more than ten years can easily be achieved, surgeons are traditionally reluctant to perform major surgery on such patients. We aimed to assess blood loss, transfusion rates and 90-days ...
Montagne Michael - - 2012
From plate tectonics theory to psychoneuroimmunology, to medical uses of marijuana, and controlled drinking by alcoholics, there has been a consistent failure by scientists and medical researchers to consider radically new ideas and theories. A review and analysis of these cases and other examples identified numerous reasons or barriers for ...
Richter Lars - - 2012
Purpose Most medical robotic systems require direct interaction or contact with the robot. Force-Torque (FT) sensors can easily be mounted to the robot to control the contact pressure. However, evaluation is often done in software, which leads to latencies. Methods To overcome that, we developed an independent safety system, named ...
Djounova J - - 2012
A severe radiation accident occurred on Tuesday, 14 June 2011 in an industrial irradiation facility. Five people were exposed for 5-10 min to (60)Co source (137 TBq-3710 Ci). This accident was the first one in Bulgaria, in which the whole-body irradiation doses exceeded 1 Gy and suggested the development of ...
Vern-Gross Tamara Z - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Erythema multiforme (EM), Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS), and toxic epidermal necrolysis syndrome (TENS) are exfoliative disorders that may present as complications in some patients undergoing radiotherapy. The purpose of this literature review was to determine the reported frequency of these exanthemata in irradiated patients. METHODS:: A comprehensive search from ...
Kampf Antje - - 2012
Using the example of 'sperm tales', borne out of the biomedical technologies that went hand in hand with the establishment of the 'science of man' (andrology), the article engages with the epistemic evolution of interrelated biomedical theories and concepts of what constitutes a 'healthy' reproductive male body. The article asks: ...
Rivera T - - 2012
Thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) is applied worldwide for personal and medical dosimetry. TLD method has resulted in many interesting findings in medicine as TL dosimeters have many relevant advantages such as high sensitivity, small physical size, tissue equivalence, etc. The main characteristics of various TL materials used in radiation measurements and ...
Silindir Mine - - 2012
The interaction of radiation, whether it has natural or artificial, electromagnetic or particle-type characterizations, with materials causes different effects depending on the dose and type of radiation and physicochemical properties of the material. In the medical field, understanding the effect of radiation on a variety of materials including pharmaceuticals, medical ...
Xu Hua - - 2011
Semantic-based sublanguage grammars have been shown to be an efficient method for medical language processing. However, given the complexity of the medical domain, parsers using such grammars inevitably encounter ambiguous sentences, which could be interpreted by different groups of production rules and consequently result in two or more parse trees. ...
Williams Brie A - - 2011
Compassionate release is a program that allows some eligible, seriously ill prisoners to die outside of prison before sentence completion. It became a matter of federal statute in 1984 and has been adopted by most U.S. prison jurisdictions. Incarceration is justified on 4 principles: retribution, rehabilitation, deterrence, and incapacitation. Compassionate ...
Feily Amir - - 2011
Botulinum toxin A has a wide variety of clinical applications in medical and dermatologic sciences. Nowadays, researchers introduce some other indications for botulinum toxin in cosmetic and especially noncosmetic aspects of dermatology such as medical rhinoplasty, hypertrophic scar, chemical brow lift, supraciliary wrinkles, pompholix, eccrine angiomatosis, Hailey-Hailey, dermatochalasis, lichen simplex, ...
Kobayashi Tsuneo - - 2011
An earthquake, Tohoku region Pacific Coast earthquake, occurred on the 11th of March, 2011, and subsequent Fukushima nuclear power plant accidents have been stirring natural radiation around the author's office in Fukushima Medical University (FMU). FMU is located in Fukushima city, and is 57 km (35 miles) away from northwest ...
Haynes Craig - - 2010
The University of California, San Diego (UCSD) Medical Center is the primary hospital for the UCSD School of Medicine. The UCSD Medical Center Library (MCL), a branch of the campus's biomedical library, is located on the medical center campus. In 2007, the medical center administration made a request to MCL ...
Thibodeau Patricia L - - 2010
The Duke University Medical Center Library and Archives is located in the heart of the Duke Medicine campus, surrounded by Duke Hospital, ambulatory clinics, and numerous research facilities. Its location is considered prime real estate, given its adjacency to patient care, research, and educational activities. In 2005, the Duke University ...
Jungersen Kirsten - - 2009
The purpose of this article is to look for possible traces of uroscopy in Scandinavia. The manuscripts and early editions on this subject limit the period of uroscopy in Scandinavia to 1450-1600, perhaps even beginning as late as 1557. In the first hundred years of this period, the most important ...
Fraser S - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A bound manuscript describing the medical cases seen by a mid-eighteenth century Scottish doctor was discovered in the possession of the first author's family. The identity of the doctor is not revealed in the book. The aims were to identify the doctor and understand the significance of ...
Huang Michael Bailou - - 2009
This article elaborates on the opportunities and challenges that evidence-based medicine (EBM) has posed to the development of medical libraries and summarizes the research in the field of evidence-based medicine and achievements of EBM practice in Chinese medical libraries. Issues such as building collections of information resources, transformation of information ...
Shultz Suzanne M - - 2009
This article highlights the contribution that historical information can make to the depth and interest of current medical practice and scholarship. Included are some suggested historical resources that may help shed light on a project's medical and scientific antecedents.
Greenberg Stephen J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The systematic indexing of medical literature by the Library of the Surgeon-General's Office (now the National Library of Medicine) has been called "America's greatest contribution to medical knowledge." In the 1870s, the library launched two indexes: the Index Medicus and the Index-Catalogue of the Library of the Surgeon-General's Office. ...
Oberhelman Steven M - - 2009
Medical dreams were not discussed by Greek popular dream interpreters, but were the domain of physicians like Hippocrates, Galen, and Rufus of Ephesus, or the followers of the healing god Asclepius. An exception is an oneirokrites (dreambook) in Codex 1350 of the National Library of Greece in Athens. This eighteenth-century ...
Touwaide Alain - - 2009
Greek manuscripts containing medical texts were inventoried at the beginning of the 20th century by a team of philologists under the direction of Hermann Diels. The resulting catalogue, however useful it was when new and still is today, needs to be updated not only because some manuscripts have been destroyed, ...
Rodrigues Joel J P C - - 2009
Over the years some medical studies have tried to better understand the internal behavior of human beings. Many researchers in this domain have been striving to find relationships between intra-vaginal temperature and certain female health conditions, such as ovulation and fertile period since woman's intra-vaginal temperature is one of the ...
Krause Oliver - - 2008
Type Ia supernovae are thermonuclear explosions of white dwarf stars in close binary systems. They play an important role as cosmological distance indicators and have led to the discovery of the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Among the most important unsolved questions about supernovae are how the explosion actually proceeds ...
Pro-Sistiaga Palma - - 2008
Projections from the olfactory bulbs have been traditionally described as 'nontopographically organized'. Olfactory and vomeronasal projections have been reported to reach nonoverlapping cortical areas. Four receptor expression zones have been described in the olfactory epithelium, maintained in the main olfactory bulb, but none in the olfactory cortex. Recent data have ...
Miller Gregory - - 2008
Performing artists will find ways to present their work, often in spaces that they find and adapt for their own use. This paper will provide a number of historic examples of the use of "found spaces" for theatrical performance (specifically referencing the work of Peter Brook and CIRT), as well ...
Chemak C - - 2008
This paper presents new approaches of medical information security and terminal mobile phone adaptation for the PocketNeuro project. The latter term refers to a project created for the management of neurological diseases. It consists of transmitting information about patients ("desk of patients") to a doctor's mobile phone during a visit ...
Beller Harry R - - 2008
A controlled-release study conducted at Vandenberg Air Force Base involved the injection of anaerobic groundwater amended with benzene, toluene, and o-xylene (BToX; 1-3 mg/L each) in two parallel lanes: lane A injectate contained no ethanol, whereas lane B injectate contained approximately 500 mg/L ethanol. As reported previously by Mackay and ...
Pozo-Bayon María-Angeles - - 2008
Flavoring is used in the food industry to reinforce the aroma profile of baked cereal goods. During the processing of such products, interactions between starch and aroma compounds can occur, and this may have an impact on aroma release and perception. In the present study, 20 aroma compounds were tested ...
Bachar Ami - - 2008
Pigment analysis in an intact hypersaline microbial mat by hyperspectral imaging revealed very patchy and spatially uncorrelated distributions of photopigments Chl a and BChl a/c, which are characteristic photopigments for oxygenic (diatoms and cyanobacteria) and anoxygenic phototrophs (Chloroflexaceae). This finding is in contrast to the expectation that these biomarker pigments ...
Hendrix Dean - - 2008
The research sought to ascertain medical and dental libraries' collection development policies, evaluation methods, purchase decisions, and issues that relate to print and electronic United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) and National Board Dental Examination (NBDE) preparation materials. The investigators surveyed librarians supporting American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC)-accredited medical ...
Jahnke L L - - 2008
This study has utilized the tools of lipid biomarker chemistry and molecular phylogenetic analyses to assess the archaeal contribution to diversity and abundance within a microbial mat and underlying sediment from a hypersaline lagoon in Baja California. Based on abundance of ether-linked isoprenoids, archaea made up from 1 to 4% ...
Zee Eric - - 2008
The study investigates the temporal organization of the bisyllabic, trisyllabic and quadrisyllabic compounds in Standard Chinese. Results of the analysis of the speech data from six speakers show that (a) the rime durations, the durations of the syllable-initial voiceless fricatives and the VOT of the syllable-initial voiceless aspirated stops and ...
Plikus Maksim V - - 2008
Single hair follicles go through regeneration and involution cycles. In a population, hair follicles may affect each other during anagen re-entry, thus forming propagating regenerative hair waves. We review these regenerative hair waves and complex hair cycle domains, which were recently reported in transgenic mice. Two non-invasive methods to track ...
Takechi Seiji - - 2008
A cosmic dust detector for use onboard a satellite is currently being developed by using piezoelectric lead zirconate titanate (PZT). The characteristics of the PZT detector have been studied by bombarding it with hypervelocity iron (Fe) particles supplied by a Van de Graaff accelerator. One central electrode and four peripheral ...
Smith Kent A - - 2008
The paper is an expanded version of the 2007 Joseph Leiter National Library of Medicine (NLM)/Medical Library Association Lecture presented at MLA '07, the Medical Library Association annual meeting in Philadelphia in May 2007. It presents an historical accounting of four major pieces of legislation, beginning with the NLM Act ...
Alterovitz Gil - - 2008
Many bioinformatics solutions suffer from the lack of usable interface/platform from which results can be analyzed and visualized. Overcoming this hurdle would allow for more widespread dissemination of bioinformatics algorithms within the biological and medical communities. The algorithms should be accessible without extensive technical support or programming knowledge. Here, we ...
Abdel-Halim Rabie E - - 2008
This primary-source study of 4 medical works of the 13th century Muslim scholar Ibn Al-Nafis confirmed that his Kitab Al-Mujaz Fi Al-Tibb was authored as an independent book meant to be a handbook for medical students and practitioners not as an epitome of Kitab Al-Qanun of Ibn Sina as thought ...
Fechner J - - 2008
Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is inadequably soluble in water and is therefore formulated as a lipid emulsion. This may have disadvantages when propofol is used to provide total intravenous anaesthesia or especially during long-term sedation. There has been considerable interest in the development of new propofol formulations or propofol prodrugs. GPI 15715 ...
Anderson Rozalynd P - - 2008
In a 2007 study, librarians at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine Library examined freely available online tutorials on academic medical library Web sites. The team identified tutorial topics, determined common design features, and assessed elements of active learning in library-created tutorials; the team also generated a list ...
Kahn Charles E CE - - 2008
A multilingual search interface has been created for a large, richly-indexed multi-journal library of medical images. Images are indexed by keywords and medical concepts. Nine non-English languages are supported, including Chinese and Japanese. Queries are translated into Medical Subject Headings (MeSHA(R)) terms through a specialized interface with the U.S. National ...
Zhao Jie - - 2008
We use the procedure established for 'disulfide stability analysis in redox system' to investigate the unfolding process of porcine insulin precursor (PIP). Six major unfolding intermediates have been captured, in which four contain two disulfides, two contain one disulfide. Based on the characterization and analysis of the intermediates an unfolding ...
Yu Hong - - 2008
Automatically extracting information needs from ad hoc clinical questions is an important step towards medical question answering. In this work, we first explored supervised machine-learning approaches to automatically classify an ad hoc clinical question into general topics. We then evaluated different methods for automatically extracting keywords from an ad hoc ...
Sugiyama Tomohiko - - 2008
In this study, we determined the borders of the pathogenicity island in V. parahaemolyticus RIMD2210633 (Vp-PAI). Vp-PAI has features in common with Tn7 and other related elements at both terminal ends. Our findings indicate that the mobile element with a transposase which contains the DDE motif may have been involved ...
綿引, 玲
Thesis (Ph. D. in Medical Sciences)--University of Tsukuba, (A), no. 3556, 2004.7.23
Miao Chun-xia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the allocation and management of large medical equipment (LME) in Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, China, in order to make the best use of LME to meet the medical needs of local people. METHODS: The research collected data from all hospitals that have LME in Xuzhou using questionnaire; 38 ...
Magee Reginald - - 2007
In the Cowlishaw collection of the College Library, there is a little book entitled 'Sketches of imposture, deception and credulity'. The anonymous author covers a wide range of subjects including some in which there have been deceptions by members of the medical profession or they themselves have been deceived because ...
Bowlby John - - 2007
From the 1950s, John Bowlby, one of the founders of attachment theory, was in personal and scientific contact with leading European scientists in the field of ethology (e.g., Niko Tinbergen, Konrad Lorenz, and especially Robert Hinde). In constructing his new theory on the nature of the bond between children and ...
Goldman Ran D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of concurrent use of conventional medications and natural health products (NHP) and their potential interactions in children arriving at an emergency department. STUDY DESIGN: A survey of parents and patients 0 to 18 years at a large pediatric ED in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. RESULTS: A ...
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