Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 881
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Reavis Kevin M KM Esophageal and Foregut Surgery, Division of Gastrointestinal and Minimally Invasive Surgery, The Oregon Clinic, 4805 NE Glisan Street, Ste 6N60, Portland, OR 97213, - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common and costly chronic medical condition affecting millions of patients. It is associated with substantial morbidity and negatively impacts quality of life. Reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus damages the esophageal mucosa and is associated with conditions including esophagitis and esophageal stricture. While ...
Tsang Janet J Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, New - - 2014
A 27-year-old male was referred to our hospital for radiofrequency catheter ablation of symptomatic medication-resistant atrial fibrillation (AF). Chest x-ray and echocardiogram were unremarkable. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Kim Younhee Y National Evidence-Based Healthcare Collaborating Agency; Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University School of Public Health, Seoul, - - 2014
This study was conducted to evaluate whether medical costs can be reduced using endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) instead of conventional surgeries in patients with early gastric cancer (EGC). Patients who underwent open gastrectomy (OG), laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG), and ESD for EGC were recruited from three medical institutions in 2009. For ...
Suzuki H H Department of Internal Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) impairs quality of life; however, the association between GERD and work productivity has not been well investigated in Japan. This study was designed to compare the impact of GERD on productivity between Japanese workers with GERD symptoms that persisted vs resolved on medical therapy. A cross-sectional ...
- - 2013
Endoscopy is a visual inspection of any cavity of the body for medical reasons using an endoscope. Unlike most other medical imaging devices, endoscopes are inserted directly into the organ.
Minoo Ahmadinejad A Reference Coagulation Laboratory, Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2013
An 82-year-old man referred to our medical ward because of epistaxis and melena was found to have 12 Bethesda units of factor V inhibitor. He was managed for bleeding with supportive care, followed by corticosteroid therapy. The bleeding completely stopped 1 week after corticosteroid therapy. Medical history revealed dysphagia during ...
Narang Sunny - - 2012
Medication errors can cause various complications and some of these are fatal also. A very unusual complication, an esophageal foreign body, is described herein. It was a single tablet with intact wrapper, cut out from a blister pack which was unknowingly ingested by a child in toto. She was not ...
Awad R A - - 2012
he occurrence of esophageal and gastric motor dysfunctions happens, when the software of the esophagus and the stomach is injured. This is really a program previously established in the enteric nervous system as a constituent of the newly called neurogastroenterology. The enteric nervous system is composed of small aggregations of ...
Assar A N - - 2012
Conventional open repair or endovascular aneurysm repair is indicated for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) when the diameter of the latter is ≥5.5 cm. This therapeutic strategy is based on results of randomized trials of open repair versus ultrasound surveillance of small AAA (<5.5 cm). Studies of screening for AAA ...
O'Neill Stephen - - 2012
Aim:  The increased utilisation of smartphones within the clinical environment together with connected applications (apps) provides opportunity for doctors, including coloproctologists, to integrate such technology into clinical practice. However, the reliability of unregulated medical apps has recently been called into question. Here, we review contemporary medical apps specifically themed towards ...
Youssef Nader N - - 2012
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) and intestinal failure are chronic malabsorption disorders with considerable nutritional and growth consequences in children. Intestinal failure occurs when the functional gastrointestinal mass is reduced even if there is normal anatomical gastrointestinal length. A number of management strategies are often utilized to achieve successful intestinal rehabilitation ...
Sartor Maureen A MA National Center for Integrative Biomedical Informatics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2012
Progress in high-throughput genomic technologies has led to the development of a variety of resources that link genes to functional information contained in the biomedical literature. However, tools attempting to link small molecules to normal and diseased physiology and published data relevant to biologists and clinical investigators, are still lacking. ...
- - 2012
COVER FIGURE The Figure displays the cardinal features of the patient with aqueductal stenosis and HSCR: the dilatation of the lateral ventricles (A) and dysgenesis of the corpus callosum (B), the adduction of the thumbs (C), and the marked dilation of the colorectal bowel loop, consistent with HSCR (D). See ...
Courtney Ryan J - - 2012
Aim:  There are few data on the factors associated with health care-seeking behaviour for symptoms of colorectal cancer (CRC). This study described the determinants of failure and delay in seeking medical advice for rectal bleeding and change in bowel habit. Method:  1592 persons (56- 88 years) were randomly selected from ...
Sacks Gordon S - - 2012
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is one of the most complex medications administered to hospitalized and ambulatory patients. Despite the successful clinical use of PN for over 3 decades, adverse events continue to occur, resulting in serious morbidity or even mortality. There are multiple points within the PN process for errors to ...
van der Tang Laurens - - 2012
Reports indicate that physicians in small family practices have been slow to transition from paper records to EHRs, and case studies explain why. Learn from the experiences of three medical groups.
Ouermi D - - 2012
Background. Intestinal parasitoses continue to be a major public health problem in developing countries. Objectives. This study sought to evaluate the prevalence of intestinal parasites and their coinfection rates in patients attending the Saint-Camille medical center in Ouagadougou. Methodology. This retrospective study covers the period from 1991 through 2010. Results. ...
Boullata Joseph I - - 2012
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a high-alert medication that contains dozens of active pharmaceutical ingredients. This complex prescription drug preparation is used in a wide variety of clinical settings for patients across the age spectrum. Despite the existence of a number of guidance documents, the drug-use process for PN suffers from ...
Naeem Syed Saad - - 2012
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and its association with stress, has not been studied among university students in Pakistan. We investigated the prevalence and the pattern of anxiety related IBS symptoms among medical students of Karachi. An observational case-control study was carried out at three medical colleges of Karachi, Pakistan. Random ...
Juth Niklas - - 2011
Analogously to Kuhn's and Hanson's understanding of observation as theory-impregnated, we try to test the hypothesis that observation and interpretation might also be value-impregnated. We use a written examination task for medical students who were asked to read and interpret a text where the authors provide arguments pro et contra ...
Greenley Rachel Neff - - 2012
To examine the validity of patient self-report of thiopurine adherence in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) against an objective electronic monitoring adherence measure, and to investigate the role of youth and maternal involvement in remembering to take daily medications as predictors of medication adherence. Fifty-one youths with IBD, ages 11-18 ...
Ellis Harold - - 2011
A useful way of reading about practice in any branch of medicine in the not too distant past is to look up the reports of the proceedings of the various sections of the British Medical Association Scientific Meeting for the year in question. So, to find out the topics which ...
Rebollo-Mesa Irene I Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, UK. - - 2011
In this study, we aimed to assess the moderating effects of the catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) (Val(158/108)Met) genotype on antipsychotic medication-induced changes in the cognitive performance of patients with chronic schizophrenia. The sample consisted of 85 monozygotic and 53 dizygotic twin pairs, of varying concordance for schizophrenia, and healthy control twins. ...
Walseth Liv Tveit - - 2011
Adjustments of everyday life in order to prevent disease or treat illness afflict partly unconscious preferences and cultural expectations that are often difficult to change. How should one, in medical contexts, talk with patients about everyday life in ways that might penetrate this blurred complexity, and help people find goals ...
Moses Tally - - 2011
This mixed-method study examines (1) the extent to which fifty adolescents receiving wraparound treatment and prescribed psychotropic medication for various psychiatric disorders report that they would continue taking medication if the decision was entirely their own (termed "medication commitment"); (2) their general subjective experiences with medication; and (3) which medication ...
Basso Michael R - - 2010
Ability to make decisions about medical treatment is compromised in significant numbers of people with neurological and psychiatric illness, and this incapacity frequently corresponds with compromised neuropsychological function. Although cognitive deficits occur often in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), no research has studied decisional capacity in that disease. The present ...
Johnson L Syd M - - 2011
The right to die has for decades been recognised for persons in a vegetative state, but there remains controversy about ending life-sustaining medical treatment for persons in the minimally conscious state (MCS). The controversy is rooted in assumptions about the moral significance of consciousness, and the value of life for ...
Lambrou Antonis - - 2011
Conformal Predictors (CPs) are machine learning algorithms that can provide predictions complemented with valid confidence measures. In medical diagnosis, such measures are highly desirable, as medical experts can gain additional information for each machine diagnosis. A risk assessment in each prediction can play an important role for medical decision making, ...
Sand Michael - - 2010
In cases of critical medical situations on board commercial aircraft, access to emergency medical kits can be lifesaving. Thus, this comparative study investigated acute care medication and equipment supplied in emergency medical kits on board both low-cost carriers and full-service carriers. Thirty-two European airlines (sixteen low-cost carriers and sixteen full-service-carriers) ...
Fung Ada W T - - 2010
With increasing longevity, there is an increasing need for medical professionals to face situations in which explanation for decision on life-sustaining treatment (LST) would be required. As advance decision making for LST in case of severe medical illness may be unfamiliar for most of the Chinese elders, we aim to ...
Schildmann J - - 2010
Physicians' decisions regarding the indication of medical treatment are central to the application or limitation of medical measures in advanced cancer. This qualitative study explores criteria and procedural aspects of treatment decisions with patients with cancer near the end of life from the perspective of oncologists. In this qualitative interview ...
Kienle Gunver S - - 2011
Clinical judgment is a central element of the medical profession, essential for the performance of the doctor, and potentially generating information also for other clinicians and for scientists and health care managers. The recently renewed interest in clinical judgement is primarily engaged with its role in communication, diagnosis and decision ...
Matlock Dan D - - 2010
Patients with heart failure (HF) face an array of challenging decisions involving medications, devices, and transplants. The goal of this qualitative study was to describe patients' perceptions surrounding difficult decisions along with factors that influenced their decisions. We studied 22 patients with symptomatic HF from the University of Colorado Hospital ...
Kapp Marshall B - - 2010
Some older individuals lack sufficient present cognitive and/or emotional ability to make and express autonomous decisions personally. In those situations, health-care providers routinely turn to available formal or informal surrogates who often must apply the best interests standard in making decisions for the incapacitated person. This article contends that defining ...
Politi Mary C - - 2011
Rationale  Quality medical decision making requires that clinicians and patients incorporate the best available clinical evidence with the patients' values and preferences to develop a mutually agreed upon treatment plan. The interactive process involved in medical decision making is complex and requires patients and clinicians to use both cognitive and ...
Couper Mick P - - 2010
The rise in Internet use for seeking health information raises questions about the role the Internet may play in how patients make medical decisions. To examine Internet use and perceived importance of different sources of information by patients making 9 specific medical decisions covering prescription medication initiation, cancer screening, and ...
Sepucha Karen R - - 2010
An important part of delivering high-quality, patient-centered care is making sure patients are informed about decisions regarding their health care. The objective was to examine whether patients' perceptions about how informed they were about common medical decisions are related to their ability to answer various knowledge questions. A cross-sectional survey ...
Fagerlin Angela - - 2010
To make informed decisions, patients must have adequate knowledge of key decision-relevant facts. To determine adults' knowledge about information relevant to common types of medication, screening, or surgery decisions they recently made. National sample of US adults identified by random-digit dialing. Cross-sectional survey conducted between November 2006 and May 2007. ...
Swindell J S - - 2010
This column uses the tools of normative ethics-analysis and argument-to provide a reasoned account of and to identify ethically justified responses by the psychiatrist to psychiatric inpatients' refusal of medical or surgical diagnostic work-up. There are three relevant ethical considerations when psychiatric inpatients refuse medical or surgical diagnostic tests: balancing ...
Yoon John D - - 2010
To explore physicians' attitudes toward providing directive counsel when dealing with morally controversial medical decisions, and to examine associations between physicians' opinions and their demographic and religious characteristics. In 2008-2009, the authors mailed a survey to a stratified, random sample of 1,800 U.S. obstetrician-gynecologists. They asked participants whether, when dealing ...
Salt Elizabeth - - 2011
There are effective medications available for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA); yet, medication adherence remains a problem. In this study, grounded theory methodology was used to investigate the decision-making process used by 30 women with RA when deciding to participate in an evidence-based treatment regimen for this disease. From ...
Ernst J - - 2011
ERNST J., WEISSFLOG, G., BRÄHLER E., NIEDERWIESER D., KÖRNER A. & SCHRÖDER C. (2010) European Journal of Cancer Care Participation of haemato-oncological patients in medical decision making and their confidence in decisions Increasingly more clinical care and research acknowledge the patients' interest in participating in medical decision making. However, for ...
Sawka Anna M - - 2011
We tested the usability of a patient-directed decision aid (DA), intended for patients with early stage papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) deciding to accept or reject adjuvant radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment. This decision is complicated by uncertainty of the medical evidence relating to potential treatment benefits. The DA was tested by ...
McKinney Kelly A - - 2010
This paper focuses on psychiatric medication experiences among a sample of North American university students to explore a new cultural and social landscape of medication 'compliance.' In this landscape, patients assume significant personal decision-making power in terms of dosages, when to discontinue use and even what medications to take. Patients ...
Dekay Michael L - - 2011
Many analyses of medical treatments entail the aggregation of health outcomes over patients and over time. This study assessed the extent to which voters, medical administrators, and physicians consider such aggregation to be appropriate. In addition, the study assessed whether this perceived fungibility of outcomes moderates the difference between treatment ...
Uzoka Faith-Michael Emeka - - 2011
The task of medical diagnosis is a complex one, considering the level vagueness and uncertainty management, especially when the disease has multiple symptoms. A number of researchers have utilized the fuzzy-analytic hierarchy process (fuzzy-AHP) methodology in handling imprecise data in medical diagnosis and therapy. The fuzzy logic is able to ...
Stirrup James - - 2010
Books: Cardiovascular Imaging Decision Making in Medicine - An Algorithmic Approach (3rd edn) Medical Ethics and the Elderly (3rd edn).
Power Tara E - - 2011
Assistance for patients faced with medical decisions has largely focussed on the clarification of information and personal values. Our aim is to draw on the decision research describing the role of emotion in combination with health behaviour models to provide a framework for conceptualizing patient decisions. A review of the ...
Shah Nilay D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been significant interest and investment in conducting comparative effectiveness research (CER) of medical treatments to improve the quality of care and reduce costs. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) has been leading this effort and has invested a significant amount of resources ...
Wong Germaine - - 2010
Decision-making in clinical practice is complex and getting more complex. There are a large range of alternative actions possible, all with different consequences and trade-offs. The complexity of medical decision-making is best illustrated using a clinical scenario.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >