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Doll Charles G CG Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The capability of the International Monitoring System (IMS) to detect xenon from underground nuclear explosions is dependent on the radioactive xenon background. Adding to the background, medical isotope production (MIP) by fission releases several important xenon isotopes including xenon-133 and iodine-133 that decays to xenon-133. The amount of xenon released ...
Shiba Hiroaki H 1 Department of Surgery and 2Department of Radiology, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Abstract Duplication of the gallbladder is a rare congenital anomaly of the biliary system with the incidence of 1 in 3800. A 38-year-old woman visited our patient clinic for evaluation of wall thickening of the gallbladder, detected by abdominal ultrasonography during a regular medical checkup. Drip infusion cholecystocholangiography-computed tomography revealed ...
Persoon Suzanne - - 2013
The aim of this randomised pilot study was to investigate the haemodynamic effects measured by oxygen-15 positron emission tomography (PET) of interventional treatment consisting of either endarterectomy or endovascular treatment of stenosed cerebropetal arteries, or tapering of antihypertensive medication in comparison with standard medical treatment alone in patients with symptomatic ...
Barlas Stephen - - 2013
New FDA rules on medical devices shouldn't be a burden for hospitals that can scan unique device identifiers.
Hillman Bruce J - - 2013
The outcomes of a 2011 Medical Imaging & Technology Alliance (MITA) conference helped shape considerations about what might be the most appropriate pathways for the regulatory and payment considerations of new PET radiopharmaceuticals. As follow-up to that conference, MITA convened a second conference of stakeholders to advise payers on what ...
Brindle Hannah E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound utilization studies in the developing world are important to support appropriate use. METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional study in the medical wards at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi, was performed which aimed to assess referrals, reports and usefulness of scans to develop local recommendations. The primary outcome of ...
Srichai Monvadi B - - 2013
The Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure (STICH) trial found that viability assessment did not identify patients with a survival advantage from coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) compared to medical therapy. STICH viability testing was performed with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging, dobutamine echocardiography, or both. There ...
Mochizuki S - - 2013
Radioactivities produced in replacement parts and liquid wastes in a medical cyclotron used to produce (18)F for [(18)F]FDG with 10MeV protons were analyzed. Nineteen radionuclides were found in the replacement parts and liquid wastes. Among them, long-lived (56)Co in the Havar foils is critical in terms of radioactive waste management. ...
Callesen Mette Buhl - - 2013
Dopaminergic medication for motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) recently has been linked with impulse control disorders, including pathological gambling (PG), which affects up to 8% of patients. PG often is considered a behavioral addiction associated with disinhibition, risky decision-making, and altered striatal dopaminergic neurotransmission. Using [(11)C]raclopride with positron emission ...
Corcoran Timothy E - - 2012
Abstract Deposition scintigraphy methods have been used extensively to provide qualitative and quantitative data on aerosol drug deposition in the lungs. However, differences in methodology among the different centers performing these studies have limited the application of these techniques, especially in regulatory roles. As an introduction to the standardized techniques ...
Bowyer Theodore W - - 2012
Fission gases such as (133)Xe are used extensively for monitoring the world for signs of nuclear testing in systems such as the International Monitoring System (IMS). These gases are also produced by nuclear reactors and by fission production of (99)Mo for medical use. Recently, medical isotope production facilities have been ...
Kalantari Hamid - - 2012
The objective of this study is to estimate the average diagnosis and treatment costs of chronic hepatitis B and C, with respect to different therapeutic strategies in Iran. This is a descriptive, analytical, and cross-sectional study carried out on patients with hepatitis B and C, who were referred to the ...
Cortez Eric - - 2012
Medications are thought to contribute to approximately 50% of the cases of acute liver failure in the USA. This number includes some herbal medications and supplements. However, little regulatory oversight of these later substances occurs. This report describes a case of fulminant hepatic failure secondary to Ban Tu Wan (a ...
Maroof Khan Amir - - 2012
To assess the knowledge about hepatitis B among the medical, dental and nursing students of first year in Subharti University, a private medical university of North India. A cross sectional institutional study was conducted among the first year students of medical, dental and nursing colleges of Subharti University. The total ...
- - 2011
Since 2008, approximately 30,000 Bhutanese refugees have been resettled in the United States. Routine medical examinations of refugees after arrival in resettlement states indicated hematologic and neurologic disorders caused by vitamin B12 deficiency. These cases were reported by examining physicians and state health departments to CDC, which initiated an investigation. ...
Sanyal Chiranjeev - - 2011
The prevalence of infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is increasing worldwide. Antiviral therapy, prescription and nonprescription medications, and nondrug therapies to treat HCV infection and to manage associated adverse effects are costly. To determine whether individuals infected with HCV attending a hepatology clinic were negatively affected by the costs ...
Chen Michael - - 2011
Are we preparing future generations of physicians with the skills to practice in the information age? Has the health care IT industry matured to the stage that we can standardize training physicians in how to search and synthesize massive databases of clinical information and tease out complex diagnoses based upon ...
Alzubi Shadi - - 2011
The experimental study presented in this paper is aimed at the development of an automatic image segmentation system for classifying region of interest (ROI) in medical images which are obtained from different medical scanners such as PET, CT, or MRI. Multiresolution analysis (MRA) using wavelet, ridgelet, and curvelet transforms has ...
de Oliveira Ana Cláudia Melo Tiessi Gomes - - 2010
This paper presents a framework to build medical training applications by using virtual reality and a tool that helps the class instantiation of this framework. The main purpose is to make easier the building of virtual reality applications in the medical training area, considering systems to simulate biopsy exams and ...
Capelli Irene - - 2011
This article aims to improve the understandings of safety and risk in childbirth in Morocco from a critical medical anthropological perspective. It is based upon nine weeks' of fieldwork undertaken in the town of Ifli,(1) an oasis in Eastern Morocco, on the border with Algeria. Ethnographic material stemmed mainly from ...
Hyde Sarah J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the specific factors that graduates perceive to influence their success in obtaining primary training in a chosen field. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The New South Wales Medical Registration Board provided data on doctors who were registered to practise between 1995 and 2006. A brief, paper-based survey was ...
Percarpio Katherine B - - 2010
A Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center developed a brief questionnaire to support the identification of issues and the continuous improvement of the cardiopulmonary resuscitation process and its outcomes.
Hollon Justin R - - 2010
Training and planning for stability, security, transition, and reconstruction, to include humanitarian and civic assistance activities, has taken on new importance for today's military forces. Deployed medical forces providing medical care to local populations are presented with the challenge of limited resources, complex public health needs, and complex cultural and ...
Abraham Jacob - - 2010
Jacob Chandy, WHO passed away in 2007 at the age of 97, was born into a deeply religious Christian family in Kerala, South India. After obtaining his medical education at the Madras Medical College, Madras, he serendipitously came to work with Dr Paul Harrison, a renowned medical missionary, in the ...
Foley Sallie - - 2010
Addressing sexual health concerns in medical practice has been an emerging concept for the past two decades. However, there have been very few educational opportunities in medical training that would prepare future physicians for such a responsibility. Since assessing and treating sexual problems requires knowledge that encompasses many disciplines and ...
Marklund LeRoy A - - 2010
Collaboration is used by the US National Security Council as a means to integrate inter-federal government agencies during planning and execution of common goals towards unified, national security. The concept of collaboration has benefits in the healthcare system by building trust, sharing resources, and reducing costs. The current terrorist threats ...
Huijskens Elisabeth G W - - 2010
Social and cultural diversity are increasingly important characteristics of the medical professional workforce. Every year, substantial numbers of international medical graduates (IMGs) seek jobs outside the countries in which they were educated. This article concerns IMGs who enter the Netherlands as refugees or as spouses of Dutch citizens. As their ...
Yoshimura Akinobu - - 2010
In organized orientation programs for newly recruited medical interns of the Nippon Medical School Hospital, the working committee of the clinical simulation laboratory introduced a laboratory training session that was designed to improve the clinical skills of the medical interns. The session consisted of 6 training courses, comprising internal examination, ...
Couper Ian D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To use data from an evaluation of the Flinders University Parallel Rural Community Curriculum (PRCC) to inform four immediate challenges facing medical education in Australia as medical student numbers increase. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Thematic analysis of data obtained from focus groups with medical students undertaking the PRCC, a ...
Loukas Marios - - 2010
Sir John Struthers, Scottish anatomist, professor, and surgeon, was an early advocate of clinical training in medical education, and his impact is still visible today. He was one of the first prominent anatomists in the United Kingdom to endorse Charles Darwin's controversial theory of natural selection, and his research reflected ...
Wallenburg Iris - - 2010
PURPOSE: Postgraduate medical training was reformed to be more responsive to changing societal needs. In the Netherlands, as in various other Western countries, a competency-based curriculum was introduced reflecting the clinical and nonclinical roles a modern doctor should fulfill. It is still unclear, however, what this modernization process exactly comprises ...
Kyriakou Fani - - 2010
The objective of this paper was to assess the resuscitation training and knowledge status of medical and surgical residents (SRs). A questionnaire of 23 questions was answered by medical and SRs in an Athens General Hospital. The questionnaire was designed based on the 2005 resuscitation guidelines. The questionnaire was answered ...
Bragard Isabelle - - 2010
This is a longitudinal randomized controlled study investigating the efficacy of a communication and stress management skills training programme on medical residents' self-efficacy to communicate and to manage stress in interviews, stress to communicate in interviews, and burnout. Ninety-six medical residents participated. Results showed a statistically significant increase in self-efficacy ...
Tiefer Leonore - - 2010
The New View Campaign is a grassroots initiative begun in 1999 to challenge the over-medicalization of sex in the wake of publicity following the release of Viagra. This paper describes the history of the campaign and its activities, which started with analysing the construction of female sexual dysfunction, and moved ...
Durning Steven J - - 2010
Physician training and practice occur in complex environments. These complex environments, or contexts, raise important challenges and opportunities for research and training in medical education. The authors explore how studies from fields outside medicine can assist medical educators with their approach to the notion of context in the clinical encounter. ...
Chand Manish - - 2010
The Modernising Medical Careers reforms in medical training have led to significant changes in the way junior doctors are trained. However, not all these changes have been welcomed by both trainees and trainers. This article seeks to examine some of the issues regarding training in surgery.
Adams Sheila - - 2010
For the past 10 years, the military medical system costs have increased by an estimated 167 percent. Behavioral health issues and physical ailments are major contributors to the increased costs. As a result, fatigue and burnout of medical professionals are growing concerns. The Army Medical Department (AMEDD) recognizes that physical ...
Tan Edward C T H - - 2010
PURPOSE: Adequate education in first aid and basic life support (BLS) should be considered as an essential aspect of the medical curriculum. The objective of this study was to investigate the current medical training in first aid and BLS at all 8 medical schools in the Netherlands. SUMMARY: An evaluation ...
Hart Dionne - - 2010
Research has demonstrated that appropriate use of interpreters in clinical encounters improves outcomes and decreases adverse events. This article reviews both the medical reasons for working with trained medical interpreters and the related laws, and offers practical tips for working effectively with interpreters.
Al-Moamary M S - - 2010
While the medical internship (MI) has evolved in some countries into competency-based training with innovative tools for assessment and feedback, the traditional MI is still the norm in many countries. To describe recent advances in the MI in several countries, to discuss the current MI situation in Saudi Arabia as ...
Iobst William F - - 2010
With the introduction of Tomorrow's Doctors in 1993, medical education began the transition from a time- and process-based system to a competency-based training framework. Implementing competency-based training in postgraduate medical education poses many challenges but ultimately requires a demonstration that the learner is truly competent to progress in training or ...
Ware Oscar L - - 2010
As I retrace my journey through the Special Forces ranks as a Medical Sergeant (18D) and finally a Sergeant Major (18Z) in preparation for retirement, I find myself reading years of forgotten evaluations, citations, and awards. Some cause me to pause in an attempt to recall the particulars; others summon ...
Han Gil-Soo - - 2010
The paper aims to analyse how the medical profession, the pro-competition organisation, and the rural community have responded to the rural doctor shortage with reference to international medical graduates (IMGs) as reported in Australian newspapers. Utilising the commercially available database LexisNexis during 2003, the author keyed in "overseas trained doctors" ...
Dath Deepak - - 2010
Medical teachers trained in conventional educational systems need faculty development to prepare them to function effectively in a competency-based medical education (CBME) system. Faculty development can provide knowledge about CBME, training in new teaching techniques in different domains of medical practice, and new strategies for providing the authentic and regular ...
Fernandez Adam - - 2010
Simulation is a common training modality used in aviation, the nuclear industry and by many medical specialties. The adoption of simulation by introductory perfusion education for beginning students and continuing medical education by cardiovascular perfusion has not kept pace with other fields and this paper explores issues connected with simulation ...
Holmboe Eric S - - 2010
Competency-based medical education (CBME), by definition, necessitates a robust and multifaceted assessment system. Assessment and the judgments or evaluations that arise from it are important at the level of the trainee, the program, and the public. When designing an assessment system for CBME, medical education leaders must attend to the ...
Morgan Andrew R - - 2010
Over the past few decades, ultrasound has evolved from a radiology and subspecialist-centric instrument, to a common tool for bedside testing in a variety of specialties. The SOF community is now recognizing the relevancy of training medics to employ this technology for multiple clinical indications in the austere operating environment. ...
Backlund Brandon H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of Army National Guard combat medics to perform a limited bedside echocardiography (BE) to determine cardiac activity after a brief training module. METHODS: Twelve Army National Guard health care specialists trained to the level of emergency medical technician-basic (EMT-B) underwent an educational session consisting of ...
Fye W Bruce - - 2010
This paper describes the origins and international impact of the Mayo Clinic through 1939. Multispecialty group practice was invented at the clinic a century ago. A visiting Canadian physician wrote in 1906, "Specialization and cooperation, with the best that can be had in each department, is here the motto. Cannot ...
Barber Patricia - - 2010
Spain has gone from a surplus to a shortage of medical doctors in very few years. Medium and long-term planning for health professionals has become a high priority for health authorities. We created a supply and demand/need simulation model for 43 medical specialties using system dynamics. The model includes demographic, ...
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