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Choisy Marc M Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs: Ecologie, Génétique, Evolution et Contrôle (MIVEGEC; CNRS 5290, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement 224, Universities of Montpellier 1 and 2), Montpellier, - - 2014
Abstract Animal medication against parasites can occur either as a genetically fixed (constitutive) or phenotypically plastic (induced) behavior. Taking the tritrophic interaction between the monarch butterfly Danaus plexippus, its protozoan parasite Ophryocystis elektroscirrha, and its food plant Asclepias spp. as a test case, we develop a game-theory model to identify ...
Edwards Kyle T - - 2014
While 23andMe aspires to be "the world's trusted source of personal genetic information," the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) believes that the company's advertising practices have been anything but trustworthy. Last November, a harshly worded FDA "warning letter" demanded that the direct-to-consumer genetic testing company immediately discontinue marketing its ...
Cichon Michelle - - 2013
Purpose:Approximately 50% of medical genetics residency positions remain unfilled each year. This study was designed to assess current recruitment strategies used by program directors, to identify factors that influenced trainees to choose medical genetics as a career, and to use these results as a foundation to develop a strategic plan ...
Zanni Ginevra - - 2013
Dedication: with highest respect and affection to Prof. Giovanni Neri on the eve of his official administrative retirement as Chair of the Institute of Medical Genetics of the Università Cattolica of Rome for leadership in medical genetics and medical science and friendship for decades. The concept "atavism," reversion, throwback, Rückschlag ...
Cruz Araceli Lantigua - - 2013
This brief report provides an overview of the history and current status of genetic services in Cuba. In 1971, the University of Medical Sciences of Havana began to train doctors in medical genetics according to the medicine development plan in Cuba. With the aim of introducing genetic services to the ...
Allum Nick - - 2013
The use of genetics in medical research is one of the most important avenues currently being explored to enhance human health. For some, the idea that we can intervene in the mechanisms of human existence at such a fundamental level can be at minimum worrying and at most repugnant. In ...
Rosagro Escámez Francisco - - 2013
Introduction: Our objective is to determine the prevalence and factors associated to psychotropic medication consumption in a sample of adult females. Additionally, this study seeks to analyze the relative contribution of environmental and genetic factors to psychoactive medication use. Method: Sample consists of a population-based cohort comprising 437 pairs of ...
Gschmeidler Brigitte - - 2013
Genetic counseling is gaining in importance with the increasing application of genetic testing for diagnosis and clinical treatment. Genetic counseling often raises ethical and professional challenges and prior research has categorized them into 16 domains. The purpose of this study was to analyze the situation in Austria on the basis ...
Vernon Hilary J - - 2013
We report on a 41-year-old woman of normal intelligence with a complicated past medical history including unilateral profound hearing loss, unilateral Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly, and leukoencephalopathy. She was referred to an adult neurology clinic because of a previous diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, which was non-responsive to multiple medications. Due to her ...
Du Gang - - 2013
In order to improve the standard of management in hospitals and effectively control the cost of clinical treatments, this research primarily focuses on optimizing the scheduling of clinical pathways (CPs). A mathematical model for CP scheduling is constructed, and the hybrid genetic algorithm (HGA, combining a genetic algorithm with particle ...
Hall Patricia - - 2013
Screening for Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome (SLOS) using elevated 7-dehydrocholesterol (7DHC) as a marker is sensitive, but not always specific. Elevations of 7DHC can be seen in patients who do not have a defect in 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase. These results have often been attributed to medication artifacts, but specific causes have not been ...
Sands Timothy R - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The editors of BMC Medical Genetics would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2012).
Barahona Ana - - 2013
In this paper I analyze the conditions for scientific research and the social relationships that allowed the establishment of genetics in Mexico, in the laboratory, the clinic and in agronomy. I give three examples to illustrate how the cultural history of heredity has enlightened this work: the introduction and institutionalization ...
Kotagal Vikas - - 2012
Acetazolamide-responsive ataxia represents a unique collection of genetically distinct episodic ataxia (EA) disorders associated with paroxysmal cerebellar symptoms many of which are responsive to medical treatment with acetazolamide, a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. Among all of the subtypes of episodic ataxia, types 2 (EA2), 3 (EA3), and 5 (EA5) are thought ...
Belard Arnaud - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: Proton radiotherapy is a relatively scarce treatment modality in radiation oncology, with only nine centers currently operating in the United States. Funded by Public Law 107-248, the University of Pennsylvania and the Walter Reed Army Medical Center have developed a remote proton radiation therapy solution with the goals ...
Thijssen Anthony S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common condition in Western countries. It is unknown whether medical or surgical treatment is more cost-effective. This study was conducted to determine whether laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication or treatment by proton pump inhibitors is the most cost-effective for gastroesophageal reflux disease in the long term. ...
Charlot L - - 2011
Physical distress resulting from medical problems has been found to cause increased behaviour problems in patients with intellectual disabilities (ID). Despite this fact, little has been documented on the medical problems of individuals with ID admitted for inpatient psychiatric care. We conducted an exploratory investigation based on a retrospective chart ...
Kusurkar R A - - 2011
Background: Motivation in learning behaviour and education is well-researched in general education, but less in medical education. Aim: To answer two research questions, 'How has the literature studied motivation as either an independent or dependent variable? How is motivation useful in predicting and understanding processes and outcomes in medical education?' ...
Leung Margaret W - - 2010
Medical comorbidity and mortality disproportionately affect adults with serious mental illness, as compared with the general population. This study examined the medical diagnoses of patients transferred from a psychiatric health facility to general-medical hospitals. The authors retrospectively reviewed the charts of 81 adult patients admitted to an inpatient psychiatric facility ...
Glezer Anna - - 2010
Physical restraints, such as locked-door seclusion and two- or four-point leather restraints, are frequently used in both the medical and psychiatric settings. Efforts are currently under way to reduce the use of physical restraints in psychiatric settings; various institutional, state, and federal policies are place. However, using these same restraints ...
Steinberg Michael B - - 2011
Existing trials of varenicline have typically excluded smokers with concurrent medical and psychiatric illnesses and no data exist comparing effectiveness of varenicline with combination pharmacotherapy. This study evaluated abstinence and psychiatric outcomes of various tobacco dependence medications, including varenicline. Retrospective cohort of 723 smokers, most with significant medical and psychiatric ...
Ilomäki Risto - - 2011
We evaluated the pre-hospitalization psychotropic medication of adolescents with different psychiatric disorders, and examined possible differences in medication history in relation to lifetime psychiatric diagnoses of study subjects. The study sample consisted of 300 girls and 208 boys (age 12-17) admitted to psychiatric inpatient hospital between April 2001 and March ...
Yates Kimberly M - - 2012
Eliminating falls and fall-associated injuries are priorities in health care. This study examined the impact of revised fall prevention interventions on psychiatric and medical patient falls. After policy revisions were well established, psychiatric falls diminished and medical falls increased. A contributing factor to the medical population finding was policy intervention ...
Reeves Roy R - - 2010
We assessed factors that might contribute to clinicians erroneously attributing medically based changes in a patient's mental status to psychiatric illness. Records of 1340 patients admitted to a VA hospital psychiatric unit and 613 to a public hospital psychiatric unit from 2001 to 2007 were reviewed. Cases admitted because of ...
Young James L - - 2010
When patients present to the emergency department with changes in behavior and levels of consciousness, psychiatric causes often move to the top of the list of diagnostic considerations. It is important to thoroughly assess such patients for medical causes. Although it is not common for primary psychiatric conditions to present ...
Sansone Randy A - - 2010
Demoralization is a dysphoric state encountered in both psychiatric and medical populations, and is characterized by the individual's sense of disempowerment and futility. While depression may coexist with demoralization, they appear to be distinct clinical entities, with the former being characterized by anhedonia and the latter being characterized by helplessness. ...
Glackin Shane Nicholas - - 2010
In this paper, I explore the links between liberal political theory and the evaluative nature of medical classification, arguing for stronger recognition of those links in a liberal model of medical practice. All judgments of medical or psychiatric "dysfunction," I argue, are fundamentally evaluative, reflecting our collective willingness or reluctance ...
Baumeister Alan A - - 2010
Contradictory views are expressed in the literature about the role played by serendipity in discoveries that led to modern psychopharmacology. This article attempts to resolve these contradictions by providing an operational definition of serendipity. The utility of the proposed definition is explored in the context of 18 discoveries. The results ...
Lopez Pablo R - - 2010
Delusions of parasitosis are a rare psychiatric disorder in which the patient has a fixed, false belief of being infested with parasites. The disorder is classified as primary if no cause is identified or secondary if associated with general organic conditions, psychiatric illnesses, and drugs (substance induced). Several medications have ...
Efron Melissa - - 2010
We present the case of a psychotic female, admitted to our inpatient psychiatric facility, who had not cut her hair for over 20 years based on her religious beliefs. In this report, we discuss her case, evaluate whether or not it was medically necessary to cut her hair, and review ...
Reich James - - 2010
Our goal was to examine the empirical literature on the effect of personality traits on the medical outcome of cardiac illness. Pub Med and Psychological Abstracts were searched for the years 1990 to September 2009 using the terms personality, personality traits, personality disorder, health, recovery from illness, cardiac illness and ...
Strote Jared - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Controversy persists over the safety of conducted electrical weapons (CEWs), which are increasingly used by law enforcement agencies around the world. The purpose of this study was to examine injury patterns and physiologic conditions after CEW use under real life conditions. METHODS: A retrospective, cohort design was used, examining ...
- - 2010
Smiths Medical Medfusion 3010a syringe pumps that aren't equipped with the latest software version (2.0.6) could overinfuse if the "recall last settings" function is used following an infusion in volume/time mode. If your facility has pumps equipped with software versions older than 2.0.6, contact Smiths Medical to obtain an upgrade.
Wilder Christine M - - 2010
Psychiatric advance directives allow patients with severe mental illness to document their preferences for particular medications. This study investigated the role of psychiatric advance directives in treatment choice and medication adherence. A total of 123 persons with severe mental illness recorded medication preferences in psychiatric advance directives. The authors compared ...
Peters T J - - 2010
Recent research has thrown considerable doubt on the claim that King George III suffered from variegate porphyria, but indicates that he suffered recurrent attacks of mania as part of his bipolar disorder. George III's last episode of ill health occurred during the final decade of his life (1810-20). This has ...
Rosenberg Rebecca E - - 2010
Patterns of current psychotropic medication use among 5,181 children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) enrolled in a Web-based registry were examined. Overall, 35% used at least one psychotropic medication, most commonly stimulants, neuroleptics, and/or antidepressants. Those who were uninsured or exclusively privately insured were less likely to use >or=3 medications ...
Fair Brian - - 2010
The case of Morgellons illustrates how the emergence of a new medically contested illness intersected with and impacted on the diagnostic processes of an existing uncontested psychiatric condition, Delusional Parasitosis (DP). More specifically, the sociopolitical processes at play in the contested illness, Morgellons, dubiously reflect patient empowerment, as well the ...
Collier Elizabeth - - 2010
This paper questions the current mental health discourse that offers new definitions of the concept of 'recovery' and offers a different perspective that aims to clarify its meaning. Confusion is caused when medical language continues to be used in discussions that aim to challenge traditional medical understanding of the term ...
Foster Juliet L H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Continuing debates regarding advertising and the pharmaceutical industry, and others detailing the continued stigmatization of mental health problems. AIMS: To establish whether there are any differences in advertisements for psychiatric and non-psychiatric medication aimed at health professionals. METHOD: Quantitative (t-tests, Chi-squared) and qualitative analysis of all unique advertisements for ...
Clough H - - 2010
Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis or marantic endocarditis is an uncommon and frequently terminal condition. We report non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis presenting as a psychotic illness. The underlying cause was found to be adenocarcinoma of the lung. The patient was nursed on a specialist joint medical/psychiatric unit. Many medical illnesses can present with ...
Pinto Tanya - - 2010
Literature suggests little standardization in the practice of medical clearance of patients who present to emergency rooms in psychiatric crisis. The present quality improvement study examined current practice in a large psychiatric teaching hospital setting. Using chart review, the completeness of physical examination was examined for 10 body areas in ...
Quinlan Marsha B - - 2010
"Fright" is an English-speaking Caribbean idiom for an illness, or ethnomedical syndrome, of persistent distress. A parallel ethnopsychiatric idiom exists in the French Antilles as sésisma. Fright is distinct from susto among Hispanics, though both develop in the wake of traumatic events. West Indian ethnophysiology (ethnoanatomy) theorizes that an overload ...
Kaminer Yifrah - - 2010
The majority of youth with substance use disorders (SUDs) manifest one or more co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Consequently, many of these youths are being prescribed with psychotropic medications. As prescribing rates continue to increase for early-onset psychiatric disorders, potential risk for substance of abuse-psychiatric medication interactions may be enhanced. Because this ...
Chung Woojin - - 2010
Medical spending on psychiatric hospitalization has been reported to impose a tremendous socio-economic burden on many developed countries with public health insurance programmes. However, there has been no in-depth study of the factors affecting psychiatric inpatient medical expenditures and differentiated these factors across different types of public health insurance programmes. ...
Lanham Kena J - - 2010
Antithrombotic therapy, including anticoagulants as well as antiplatelet drugs, is an important component in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Variability in response to such medications, of which pharmacogenetic response is a major source, can decrease or enhance the benefits expected. This review is a comprehensive assessment of the literature published ...
Brower Kirk J - - 2009
The nonmedical use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) appeals to athletes across several sports, particularly those whose activity makes muscle size and strength advantageous, and in individuals (usually men) with body dysmorphic disorder. Patterns of nonmedical use, including supratherapeutic doses of illicitly obtained drugs, increase the risk for adverse psychiatric and ...
White Kathryn P - - 2009
Given the unparalleled popularity of botanicals in the United States, it is safe to say that almost every psychopharmacological prescriber will see some patients using Chinese herbs. Data show that between 36% and 42% of Americans use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) each year and that persons suffering from depression ...
White D C - - 2009
Physical and mental illness present substantial challenges to college students and authorities. (1) To characterize medical and psychiatric reasons underlying requests for fees waivers at an Irish third-level college; (2) to identify information included in applications; and (3) to develop proposals for standardizing applications. We examined all applications for exemption ...
de Menil Victoria - - 2009
This article describes obstacles to the rational use of psychiatric drugs in a 1000-bed institution for people with intellectual disability employing the WHO framework for rationality. Quantitative data were collected from 98 charts and qualitative data from 14 individuals in this case study. Eight-three percent of patients were taking psychiatric ...
Bowers Len - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Seclusion is widely used internationally to manage disturbed behavior by psychiatric patients, although many countries are seeking to reduce or eliminate this practice. Time-out has been little described and almost completely unstudied. AIM AND METHOD: To assess the relationship of seclusion and time-out to conflict behaviors, the use of ...
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