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Giang Kim Bao KB a Hanoi Medical University, Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health , Hanoi , - - 2014
There is a shortage of medical doctors in primary health care (PHC) settings in Vietnam. Evidence about the knowledge medical students have about PHC and their career decision-making is important for making policy in human resources for health. The objective of this study was to analyse knowledge and attitudes about ...
Davis Margot T MT *Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Institute for Behavioral Health, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA †Abt Associates, Cambridge, MA ‡US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, - - 2014
Recent reports reinforce the widespread interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), not only among military personnel with combat-related disorders, but also among providers who are pressed to respond to patient demand for these therapies. However, an understanding of utilization of CAM therapies in this population is lacking. The goals ...
Choi Jae Eun JE Department of Dermatology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The rapid development of information and communication technology has replaced traditional books by electronic versions. Most print dermatology journals have been replaced with electronic journals (e-journals), which are readily used by clinicians and medical students. The objectives of this study were to determine whether e-readers are appropriate for reading dermatology ...
Heisler Michele - - 2014
Health care centers serving low-income communities have scarce resources to support medication decision making among patients with poorly controlled diabetes. To compare outcomes between community health worker use of a tailored, interactive, Web-based, tablet computer-delivered tool (iDecide) and use of print educational materials. Randomized, 2-group trial conducted from 2011 to ...
Rahman M Hafizur MH Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA - - 2014
Informally trained village doctors supply the majority of healthcare services to the rural poor in many developing countries. This study describes the demographic and socio-economic differences between medical representatives (MRs) and village doctors in rural Bangladesh, and explores the nature of their interactions. This study was conducted in Chakaria, a ...
Koutkias V G VG V. G. Koutkias, Lab of Medical Informatics, Dept. of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece, E-mail: - - 2014
Background: Errors related to medication seriously affect patient safety and the quality of healthcare. It has been widely argued that various types of such errors may be prevented by introducing Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSSs) at the point of care. Objectives: Although significant research has been conducted in the field, ...
Burridge Alice Mary AM Aston Pharmacy School, Aston University, Birmingham, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to provide an initial insight into current UK paediatric prescribing practice. In 2012 focus groups were conducted at Birmingham Children's Hospital (UK specialist hospital) with both medical and non-medical prescribers and analysed using thematic analysis. Both sets of prescribers used a wide range of ...
Oku A O AO Department of Community Medicine, University of Calabar, Calabar, - - 2014
Several international studies have shown that abuse or mistreatment is a regular phenomenon faced by medical students. However, there is limited information on medical student abuse/mistreatment in Nigeria. The study was therefore conducted to assess the prevalence and patterns of mistreatment experienced by Medical Students in the University of Calabar. ...
Bae Jong-Myon JM Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, - - 2014
The clinical decision analysis (CDA) has used to overcome complexity and uncertainty in medical problems. The CDA is a tool allowing decision-makers to apply evidence-based medicine to make objective clinical decisions when faced with complex situations. The usefulness and limitation including six steps in conducting CDA were reviewed. The application ...
Pakpoor Julia - - 2014
Medical students perceive neurology to be a difficult subject, a phenomenon described as "neurophobia". Studies investigating student attitudes towards neurology have so far been limited by small sample sizes as a consequence of being conducted within a single medical school or region. We aimed to conduct the first national survey ...
Kong Liang L Room 102, No. 27, Lane 189, Baiyang Road, Shanghai, China 201204. - - 2014
In last 10 years, more and more clinical trials have come to China because of potential market/easy access of patient and cost-effectiveness, but looking back, there is less change on the regulatory requirements, and there is a possibility that China government will further strengthen the regulatory requirements for the global ...
Thepwongsa Isaraporn I MD, MFM, General practice, School of Primary Health Care, Monash University, Notting Hill, - - 2014
Numerous studies have assessed the effectiveness of online continuing medical education (CME) designed to improve healthcare professionals' care of patients. The effects of online educational interventions targeted at general practitioners (GP), however, have not been systematically reviewed. A computer search was conducted through seven databases for studies assessing changes in ...
Kramer Joan S JS Wesley Medical Center , Wichita, - - 2014
Medication reconciliation at transitions of care decreases medication errors, hospitalizations, and adverse drug events. We compared inpatient medication histories and reconciliation across disciplines and evaluated the nature of discrepancies. We conducted a prospective cohort study of patients admitted from the emergency department at our 760-bed hospital. Eligible patients had their ...
Lee Sang-Yi SY Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Medicine, Jeju National University, 102 Jejudaehakno, Jeju-si, Jeju Special Self-Governing Province 690-756, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of study is to find relevance between unmet healthcare needs and employment status and if factors have relevance to unmet healthcare needs due to "economic burden" and "no time to spare". The study conducted a survey of 9163 respondents who said they needed a medical treatment or checkup ...
Bauler Stephanie S Pôle de Rééducation et de Réadaptation Fonctionnelles, Hôpital Henry Gabrielle, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Saint Genis Laval, - - 2014
Objective: To describe the perceptions of French patients, caregivers and healthcare professionals on stroke and secondary preventive medications. Method: A qualitative study was conducted, based on four predetermined topics: stroke, secondary prevention medications, patient's experience, relationship between patient/caregiver and healthcare team. Results: Twenty-six interviews were conducted. Difficulties in taking medications, ...
Beeri Michal Schnaider MS Departments of Psychiatry and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA; Departments of Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Sheba Medical Center, The Joseph Sagol Neuroscience Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with increased risk of dementia. The prospective longitudinal Israel Diabetes and Cognitive Decline study aims at identifying T2D-related characteristics associated with cognitive decline. Subjects are population-based T2D 65+, initially cognitively intact. Medical conditions, blood examinations, and medication use data are since 1998; cognitive, functional, ...
Cheng Zhuo Z Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London, SW7 2AZ, - - 2014
Uncomplicated acute type B aortic dissections are usually treated medically, but they can become acutely complicated by rapid expansion, rupture and malperfusion syndromes and in the longer term by chronic dilatation and aortic aneurysm formation. The objective of this study is to use computational fluid dynamics reconstructions of type B ...
Ng J H JH Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608. - - 2014
Although cosmetic procedures have become increasingly popular among the younger population in recent years, limited research on this subject has been done in the Asian context. We aimed to explore the views and knowledge regarding cosmetic procedures among junior college (JC) and medical students in Singapore. In the first phase ...
Hardon Anita A a Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research , Amsterdam , the - - 2014
While social scientists often highlight the way medical technologies mediate biomedical hegemony, this special issue focuses on the creative and often unexpected ways in which medical technologies are appropriated by diverse actors in homes, clinics and communities. The authors highlight key insights from twelve ethnographic case studies conducted in North ...
Kaku Sowmyashree Mayur SM Department of Clinical Neurosciences, NIMHANS, Bangalore, Karnataka. - - 2014
An editorial by Dr George Thomas in IJME rightly points out the flaws in the constitution of the Medical Council of India (MCI). Amendments are made over and over again, but the need of the hour is to make real changes in the existing system. The conduct of the elections ...
Al-Dubai Sar S Department of Community Medicine, International Medical University, No. 126, Jln Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
The 10-item version of Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) is a widely used tool to measure stress. The Malay version of the PSS-10 has been validated among Malaysian Medical Students. However, studies have not been conducted to assess its validity in occupational settings. The aim of this study is to assess ...
Hasegawa Fujiko F School of Pharmacy, International University of Health and Welfare . Ohtawara-city, Tochigi ( Japan ). - - 2014
In Japan, the circumstances in which pharmacists work are changing. Pharmacists are expected to assess conditions of patients subject to medication to ensure proper use of pharmaceutical products. To ensure fulfilment of these roles, there have already been pharmacists' efforts in performing vital signs monitoring. To clarify the necessity and ...
Matsubara Shigeki S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, Japan. - - 2014
Jichi Medical University (JMU) is the only medical school in Japan that is devoted solely to producing rural and remote doctors. To support research activities of its graduates, mainly young graduates under obligatory rural service, JMU established a voluntary team, Clinical Research Support Team (CRST)-Jichi. CRST-Jichi consists of current and ...
Khan Amir Maroof AM Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
In India, research work in the form of a thesis is a mandatory requirement for the postgraduate (PG) medical students. Data entry in a computer-based spread sheet is one of the important basic skills for research, which has not yet been studied. This study was conducted to assess the data ...
Akkin Salih Murat SM Department of Anatomy, SANKO Medical School, 27090 Gaziantep, Turkey; Department of Anatomy, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, 34098 Istanbul, - - 2014
Dissection of the human body for educational purposes became officially permitted in the Ottoman Empire only after a long, difficult process. In the West, studies based on the findings of Galen had been taboo during a long period in which dissection of human bodies had been prohibited. Although the first ...
Allareddy Veerasathpurush V Associate Professor, University of Iowa College of Dentistry, Iowa City, IA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the prevalence and impact of adverse effects of medical care in patients who underwent excision of cervical lymph nodes. Data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for the years 2009 and 2010 were used. The outcome variables were complications. The independent variables were occurrence of adverse effects of medical ...
Khan M E ME Population Council , New Delhi , - - 2014
Some medical doctors in India have publicly expressed opposition to making emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) easily accessible, even though ECPs are included in the method mix of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare program and as an over-the-counter (OTC) product. Such opposition affects access to ECPs by influencing policy, ...
Kahouei Mehdi M Research Center of Social Determinants for Health, Allied health Department, Nursing and Allied Health Faculty, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, - - 2014
Most developing societies attempt to eliminate physicians and medical students' barriers to the use of evidence-based information to ensure about delivering the best practice. Hence, health sector of Iran has conducted numerous educational interventions and has provided information technology infrastructure through strategic plans to provide opportunity for physicians and medical ...
Sundararajan T V P TV Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Bannariamman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam 638 401, - - 2014
In a Medical Wireless Network (MWN), sensors constantly monitor patient's physiological condition and movement. Inter-MWN communications are set up between the Patient Server and one or more Centralized Coordinators. However, MWNs require protocols with little energy consumption and the self-organizing attribute perceived in ad-hoc networks. The proposed Smart Routing Protocol ...
Steffens Lotte L c/- RMO Unit, Christchurch Hospital, Riccarton Ave, Private Bag 4710, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand. - - 2014
To explore medical oncologists' and audiologists' knowledge and attitudes regarding ototoxicity monitoring, and to gain an understanding of monitoring currently being implemented at District Health Boards (DHBs) nationwide. We also aimed to identify ways in which audiological outcomes for patients receiving potentially ototoxic treatments could be improved, including examining whether ...
Küfner Julia J Institut für Didaktik und Ausbildungsforschung in der Medizin, Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, - - 2014
Virtual Patients (VPs) are an important component of medical education. One way to reduce the costs for creating VPs is sharing through repositories. We conducted a literature review to identify existing repositories and analyzed the 17 included repositories in regards to the search functions and metadata they provide. Most repositories ...
Chowaniec C C dr med. Czesław Chowaniec Katedra i Zakład Medycyny Sądowej i Toksykologii Sądowo-Lekarskiej Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach ul. Medyków 18, bud. C-2, III piętro 40-752 Katowice e-mail: - - 2014
Deaths due to inappropriate functioning of the emergency medical services system, as recently described by Polish mass media, has drawn the attention of society to the activities of medical dispatchers. Legal regulations impose obligations on those persons associated with receiving phone calls and dispensing appropriate emergency medical teams. In this ...
Kittrakulrat Jathurong J Medical Students for Health Systems and Services (MS-HSS), Thailand Research Center for Health Services System (TRC-HS), Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Background: In the regional movement toward ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), medical professions including physicians can be qualified to practice medicine in another country. Ensuring comparable, excellent medical qualification systems is crucial but the availability and analysis of relevant information has been lacking. Objective: This study had the following aims: 1) ...
Pasma Annelieke A Department of Rheumatology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ; Department of Psychiatry, Section of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
For patients with a chronic disease, the appropriate use of medication is the key to manage their illness. Adherence to medication is therefore important. Adherence can be divided into three parts: the initiation part, the execution phase, and the discontinuation part. Little is known about the determinants of the initiation ...
Nestel Debra D Gippsland Medical School/School of Rural Health, Monash University, Clayton, - - 2014
This paper explores local community perceptions of a relatively new rural medical school. For the purposes of this paper, community engagement is conceptualized as involvement in planning, delivering, and evaluating the medical program. Although there are several reviews of patient involvement in medical curricula development, this study was designed to ...
Budakoğlu Işıl İrem Iİ Department of Medical Education, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
There is very little information available on self-perceived competence levels of junior medical doctors with regard to definitions by the National Core Curriculum (NCC) for Undergraduate Medical Education. This study aims to determine the perceived level of competence of residents during undergraduate medical education within the context of the NCC. ...
Huang Henry D - - 2013
Inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) is a clinical syndrome characterized by presence of non-paroxysmal tachyarrhythmia manifesting with increased resting heart rate and exaggerated or persistent response to exercise or position. When IST is intolerable and medically refractory, invasive therapies such as sinus node modification or atrioventricular node ablation with placement of ...
Alyafi Motaz M MM College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2012
There is a debate among medical education experts on the application of dissection or prosection for learning anatomy. However, the literature reveals that the majority of published articles are in favor of dissection. In this article, we present a case of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with intracardiac thrombus in ...
Sohn David H - - 2012
Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) refers to techniques used to resolve conflicts without going to the courtroom. As healthcare and malpractice costs continue to rise, there is growing interest in tactics such as early apology, mediation, and arbitration in the medical arena. (1) Why is ADR needed? (2) Is ADR useful ...
Sista Akhilesh K - - 2012
To determine the feasibility and efficacy of applying an established innovation process to an active academic interventional radiology (IR) practice. The Stanford Biodesign Medical Technology Innovation Process was used as the innovation template. Over a 4-month period, seven IR faculty and four IR fellow physicians recorded observations. These observations were ...
Park K T - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Inflammatory bowel diseases are costly chronic gastrointestinal diseases. We aimed to determine whether immediate colectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastamosis (IPAA) after diagnosis of severe ulcerative colitis (UC) was cost-effective compared to the standard medical therapy. METHODS:: We created a Markov model simulating 2 cohorts of 21-year-old patients with severe ...
Hermans Job - - 2012
OBJECTIVE.: Although the knee joint is one the most affected joints by osteoarthritis (OA), research on economic implications focussed merely on OA in general. The goal of this study was to identify and quantify knee related productivity and medical costs in knee OA patients in paid employment. Furthermore, we evaluated ...
Li Kai - - 2012
Electronic medical record (EMR) systems have been proposed as technology to improve the quality of patient care, decrease medical errors, control and reduce medical expenditure, however the financial effects have not yet been as well documented in China. We presented a net financial cost-benefit analysis of implementing electronic medical record ...
Gallagher Thomas Q - - 2012
Sialorrhea affects a significant number of children with cerebral palsy and other neuromuscular disorders. It can lead not only to social embarrassment but also to severe medical issues including chronic aspiration. There are numerous medical and surgical options, which include oral medications and transdermal patches, botulinum injection, and various forms ...
Al Saran Khalid - - 2012
To assess the cost of hemodialysis (HD) delivered at our center according to the treatment protocols based on the current Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) guidelines, we analyzed our cost data during the period from 1st of January 2007 to 30th of June 2010. The methods were used to ...
Frankenfield Diane L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major source of mortality and morbidity in dialysis patients. Population-level descriptions of CVD medication use are lacking in this population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Adult dialysis patients in the United States, alive on December 31, 2006, with Medicare Parts A ...
Rausch Mary M North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York, - - 2012
To determine the cost-effectiveness of medical and surgical management of early pregnancy loss. Analyses of cost, effectiveness, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios and utilities of a multicenter trial with 652 women with first-trimester pregnancy failure randomized to medical or surgical management. Analysis of data from a multicenter trial. Secondary analysis of ...
Lin Yun-Hua - - 2012
Medication noncompliance is a recognized problem worldwide. This study evaluated the factors associated with compliance, discontinuation and switching of finasteride among Chinese benign prostatic hyperplasia patients. A retrospective cohort study was conducted with 682 outpatients newly diagnosed with benign prostatic hyperplasia and prescribed with finasteride from January 2008 to December ...
Carroll Nathan W - - 2011
Objectives: To propose a model in which insurers work with hospitals to provide a discharge supply of antiplatelet medication to patients receiving stents and to examine the cost implications of this strategy. Study Design: A decision tree was modeled using data from previously published research. The study adopts an insurer's ...
Kligler Benjamin - - 2011
Objectives: To evaluate the cost impact of an integrative medicine intervention on an inpatient oncology service. Study Design: This study used nonrandomized, nonequivalent groups. A baseline sample of inpatient oncology patients at Beth Israel Medical Center admitted to the medical oncology unit before implementation of the Urban Zen Initiative were ...
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