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Kashyap Mandavi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Several medication classes may contribute to urinary symptoms in older adults. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of use of these medications in a clinical cohort of incontinent patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 390 new patients aged 60 years and older seeking ...
Singh Savita - - 2013
Currently, 25% of women seek the advice of a medical professional for symptoms related to the menopause. However, with an increasingly ageing and medically aware population, it is likely this proportion will grow. The main symptoms related to the menopause are systemic vasomotor and localized urogenital symptoms. Numerous forms of ...
- - 2012
Online summary Correction to: Baker, Goh, Johnston, et al. Cost-effectiveness analysis of valsartan versus losartan and the effect of switching. Journal of Medical Economics 2012 April;15(2):1-8. Epub 2011 Dec 5.
Denholm Bonnie - - 2011
Safe medication administration Key words: safe medication practices, rights of medication administration. Use of surgical masks during cystoscopy and dental procedures Key words: cystoscopy attire, surgical masks. Determining whether prothrombin should be classified as tissue or medication Key words: classification of human-derived hemostatic agents, prothrombin. Surgical patient waiting times Key ...
National Association Of Ems - - 2011
Abstract The National Association of EMS Physicians (NAEMSP) believes that emergency medical services (EMS) providers should be able to utilize evidence-guided methodology for the termination of resuscitation in nontraumatic cardiopulmonary arrest. This is the official position of the NAEMSP. Key words: termination of resuscitation; cardiopulmonary arrest; nontraumatic; EMS; position statement; ...
Juhn Young - - 2011
To characterise the relationship between ICD code-based (i.e. physician diagnosis-based) and criteria-based asthma ascertainment. We compared identification of children with asthma between criteria-based medical record review for asthma ascertainment and an ICD-9 code-based approach. We determined the agreement rate and validity index of ICD code-based asthma ascertainment using asthma status ...
Kreuzthaler Markus - - 2011
Truecasing, or capitalization, is the rewriting of each word of an input text with its proper case information. Many medical texts, especially those from legacy systems, are still written entirely in capitalized letters, hampering their readability. We present a pilot study that uses the World Wide Web as a corpus ...
Briffa Peter J - - 2011
Dry powder mannitol has the potential to be used to enhance clearance of mucus in subjects with bronchiectasis. A reduction in FEV1 has been recorded in some subjects with bronchiectasis after inhaling mannitol. The aim of this study was to investigate if pre-medicating with either sodium cromoglycate (SCG) or eformoterol ...
Friedlin Jeff - - 2011
We performed an evaluation of the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) in representing concepts derived from medical narrative documents from three domains: chest x-ray reports, discharge summaries and admission notes. We detected concepts in these documents by identifying noun phrases (NPs) and N-grams, including unigrams (single words), bigrams (word pairs) ...
Moon SungRim - - 2011
Although clinical texts contain many symbols, relatively little attention has been given to symbol resolution by medical natural language processing (NLP) researchers. Interpreting the meaning of symbols may be viewed as a special case of Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD). One thousand instances of four common non-alphanumeric symbols ('+', '-', '/', ...
Lee Todd A - - 2010
To compare asthma-related resource utilization, adherence and costs among adults prescribed asthma controller regimens. Medical and pharmacy claims from a US managed-care claims database were used to identify adults (18-56 years) initiating asthma controller therapy. Patients had 2 years continuous enrollment and ≥ 1 medical claims for asthma (ICD9: 493.xx) ...
Lovinsky S - - 2010
As asthma presentation is episodic, patients with acute exacerbations often present in the emergency department (ED) where preventative regimen may not always be addressed. Addressing initiation and modification of controller medications in the setting of an acute exacerbation may facilitate improved asthma control and decrease the frequency of ED visits, ...
Stevens Gregory D - - 2010
To examine the relationship between medical home quality and measures of daily life experiences among children with asthma. A nationally representative sample of children from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH), aged 6-17 years (n = 6357), who have asthma was used to assess the relationship of a ...
Iossifova Yulia Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Damp buildings are commonly remediated without removing employees or ongoing medical surveillance. METHODS: We examined paired pulmonary function and questionnaire data from 2002 and 2005 for 97 employees in a water-damaged building during ongoing but incomplete remediation. RESULTS: We observed no overall improvement in respiratory health, as reflected in ...
Lim Kaiser G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Self-report is the most commonly used method for collecting information regarding asthma medication possession and adherence in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To determine the agreement between self-report and pharmacy claims data for asthma medication possession. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that examined pharmacy claims data 12 months before and ...
Gaul Lawrence W - - 2010
Traveling with sports teams requires flexibility and a wide range of knowledge, as well as problem-solving abilities. Dominating the medical types of problems in the Nordic sports are the respiratory illnesses, especially asthma and upper respiratory infections (URI). Additionally, the team physician must have an awareness of antidoping issues. This ...
Foster Samuel B - - 2010
This study's purpose was to determine whether asthma medication use in HIV positive children is associated with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles. We reviewed HLA and medication data collected during the Women and Infants Transmission Study for 124 HIV positive children and their mothers. Analysis revealed that HLA-A68 (P = ...
Al-Yami Sami M - - 2010
To identify the pediatric age group and most affected gender by asthma, and to determine the significant predictors of severity of asthma, and assess the appropriateness of asthma medication administration. This cross-sectional study was carried out at Emergency Department (ED) of children's Hospital at King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom ...
Bauer C-P - - 2010
Medical rehabilitation of chronically ill children and adolescents is characterised by interdisciplinary methods including parents' participation. Research in this field leads to specific evaluation approaches and corresponding measurement procedures. There are guidelines for many important indications, and the effectiveness of various indications for therapy and training programmes is proven. The ...
Severi Gianluca - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess whether a history of asthma or the use of asthma medications is associated with prostate cancer risk. Of 16,934 men participating in the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study, 1,179 were diagnosed with prostate cancer during an average follow-up of 13.4 years to the ...
Ladanchuk Todd C - - 2010
To investigate the relationship between use of asthma medication and nitrates and risk of reflux oesophagitis, Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Data were collected on use of asthma medication and nitrates at least 1 year before interview from patients with reflux oesophagitis, Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Associations between use ...
Tarlo Susan M - - 2010
Prevention of occupational asthma related to a work-sensitizing agent ideally would be achieved by avoidance of exposures that cause immunologic sensitization and subsequent asthma. There are a few examples in which a sensitizing agent has been removed from a work process and others in which exposure has been significantly changed ...
Oguss Madeline - - 2010
CONTEXT: Little is known about Wisconsin workers who wear respirators and the prevalence of work-related asthma (WRA) in that population. To understand this problem, we questioned workers who wear respirators. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to learn more about the health experiences of workers who wear respirators. A secondary objective ...
Cho Sang-Heon - - 2010
Major classes of medication in asthma management include bronchodilating beta2-agonists, anti-inflammatory inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers and theophyllines. However, all asthmatics do not respond to the same extent to a given medication. Available data suggest that a substantial range of individual variability, as much as 70%, may be due to genetic ...
Quizon Annabelle - - 2010
Asthma is the most common chronic illness in childhood with challenges that revolve around interventions that can potentially alter the course of the disease and concerns regarding the safety of regular use of controller medications. Recent studies suggest that the use of inhaled corticosteroids in very young children with frequent ...
Diedhiou Abdoulaye - - 2010
This study examined data from the 2005-2006 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs to assess the relationship among children with asthma between a reported medical home and emergency department (ED) use. The authors used 21 questions to measure 6 medical home components: personal doctor/nurse, family-centered, compassionate, culturally ...
Davis Angela M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Use of electronic medical records (EMRs) is being advocated to improve quality of care. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the effect of EMR template use on family medicine residents' documentation of the severity classification of asthma and (2) to determine if documentation leads ...
Butz Arlene - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Effective pediatric guideline-based asthma care requires the caregiver to accurately relay the child's symptom frequency, pattern of rescue and controller medication use, and level of asthma control to the child's primary care clinician. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the longitudinal effects of a caregiver-clinician asthma communication education intervention (ACE) relative ...
Schatz Michael - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the relationship of surrogate markers of asthma control to subsequent asthma exacerbations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. METHODS: Administrative data were used to identify patients who met the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) criteria for persistent asthma in 2006 and 2007. The following potential surrogate markers ...
Kohler Remi - - 2010
This is an historical essay about Nicolas Andry, a French medical doctor (Lyon 1658-Paris 1742) who wrote in 1741 the famous book called "L'orthopedie", which was soon after translated into English (1742) "Orthopaedia or the art of correcting and preventing deformities in children". His life and works are detailed as ...
Ivy D Dunbar - - 2010
The prostacyclins-prostanoids were one of the first medications used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Three prostanoids have been developed to treat PAH: epoprostenol, treprostinil, and iloprost. In the acute setting, experience is growing, using the inhaled forms of these three medications. Inhalation may improve ventilation/perfusion matching, whereas in the ...
Zuidgeest Mira G P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Many studies evaluated asthma medication use in children in a cross-sectional manner, yet little is known about longitudinal use patterns. This study describes the formation of a longitudinal data set on asthma medication use and shows first results regarding the prevalence and incidence of medication use. METHODS: The PIAMA ...
Roy Angkana - - 2010
Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM), such as herbal remedies, are widely used by patients with chronic diseases, such as asthma. However, it is unclear whether use of the herbal remedies is associated with decreased adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs), a key component of asthma management. To examine the association among ...
Szefler Stanley J - - 2010
In the past, we viewed lack of response to asthma medications as a rare event. Based on recent studies, we now expect significant variation in treatment response for all asthma medications. However, little information is available about methods to predict favorable treatment response. Research conducted in the National Heart, Lung, ...
Farber Harold J - - 2010
There are different phenotypes of asthma, with phenotype-specific differences in medication response observed. Tobacco smoke exposure reduces corticosteroid responsiveness. Treatment for tobacco smoke-triggered asthma must start with treatment of tobacco dependence. Obesity-associated asthma responds to weight loss and treatment of comorbidities. Immunotherapy and omalizumab are specific therapies for atopic asthma, ...
Park Hye Yun - - 2010
Spontaneous resolution of bulla associated with infection or tumor is occasionally observed. However, resolution of progressively enlarging giant bullous emphysema (GBE) after medical therapy has not been reported. A 51-year-old man smoker with GBE on the right lung was referred to Samsung Medical Center for the consideration of bullectomy. A ...
Kopnina Helen - - 2010
This article is based on semistructured interviews and focus groups conducted with 27 asthma patients in The Netherlands who chose complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for treatment of their condition. All subjects were contacted through an online forum for asthma patients hosted by the Dutch Asthma Foundation. Nineteen subjects (12 ...
Schafheutle Ellen I - - 2009
AIM: To explore whether, and how, prescription charges affect asthma patients' disease management behaviour. METHOD: Thirty qualitative interviews. RESULTS: Interviewees were aged between 21 and 59, 21 were women, 24 were paying individual prescription charges, and six had prepayment certificates (PPCs). Most had a beta2-agonist 'reliever' and a steroid 'preventer' ...
Karlstad Oystein - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine gender- and age-specific prevalence, incidence, and the type of anti-asthma medications used in the Norwegian population aged 2-29 years during 2005-2007 and to estimate the share of individuals who regularly redeemed medications over a 3-year period. METHODS: We retrieved data from ...
Mart?nez-Gimeno A - - 2009
Some myths and unsupported beliefs about asthma are very popular and enjoy general public acceptance and fairly strong support on the Internet. Onions for cough; dairy products avoidance for asthma; and some other popular myths are reviewed, along with some other medical and mixed (popular and medical) myths comparing their ...
Dalcin P T R - - 2009
The prevalence of uncontrolled and controlled asthma, and the factors associated with uncontrolled asthma were investigated in a cross-sectional study. Patients aged 11 years with confirmed asthma diagnosis were recruited from the outpatient asthma clinic of Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil. Patients were excluded if they had other ...
Yong Pierre L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Asthma quality assessment often focuses on controller medication use, yet claims-based studies find conflicting associations between this care process and clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the association between 3 controller-based quality measures and asthma exacerbations to gain better understanding of how processes of care are related to ...
Panettieri Reynold A RA - - 2009
Patients' and physicians' knowledge of asthma control and risks can affect long-term outcomes. The Asthma General Awareness and Perceptions II (Asthma GAP II) survey sought to assess the beliefs and behaviors of asthma patients and their physicians. In the United States, a telephone survey was conducted among 1885 adults with ...
McQuaid Elizabeth L - - 2009
Disparities in asthma outcomes exist between Latino and non-Latino white (NLW) children. We examined rates of medication use, medication beliefs, and perceived barriers to obtaining medication in US and island Puerto Rican parents of children with asthma. Island PR parents would report the lowest rates of controller medication use, followed ...
Hasford J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present analysis was to evaluate treatment patterns and persistence with treatment of an unselected patient population with a diagnosis of asthma. METHODS: The database of the Bavarian statutory health insurance physician's association (Kassenärztliche Vereinigung) covering 83% of the population was analyzed for an index period ...
Kandane-Rathnayake R K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: With the increasing burden of asthma worldwide, much effort has been given to developing and updating management guidelines. Using data from the Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study (TAHS), the adequacy of asthma management for middle-aged adults with asthma was investigated. METHODS: Information about spirometry, medication history and current asthma status ...
Schneider Carl R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Over one quarter of asthma reliever medications are provided without prescription by community pharmacies in Australia. Evidence that community pharmacies provide these medications with sufficient patient assessment and medication counseling to ensure compliance with the government's Quality Use of Medicines principles is currently lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess current practice ...
Kourouklis Georgios N - - 2009
Occupational diseases (ODs) are often under-reported. OD Medical Committees of the Greek Social Security Institute (Idryma Kinonikon Asfaliseon-IKA) are believed to be the only reliable source of data on ODs in Greece. To analyse the results of OD Medical Committees of IKA on the claims for OD Disablement Benefit (ODDB) ...
Koster Ellen S - - 2009
AIMS: To investigate the effects of genetic variation on treatment response to asthma medication in children and to identify (profiles of) SNPs that characterize response phenotypes. MATERIAL & METHODS: The Pharmacogenetics of Asthma medication in Children: Medication with Anti-inflammatory effects (PACMAN) study was initiated in April 2009 as an observational ...
Anttalainen Ulla - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Co-morbidities in men and women with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) were compared retrospectively to an age-standardized, general Finnish population. The prevalence of diseases was based on the reimbursement refunds of medications. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-three age- and BMI-matched male-female pairs and 368 consecutive women identified from our sleep recording database ...
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