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Freiwald Tilo - - 2014
Multiple-choice questions (MCQ) are still widely used in high stakes medical exams. We wanted to examine whether and to what extent a national licensing exam uses the concept of pattern recognition to test applied clinical knowledge. We categorized all 4,134 German National medical licensing exam questions between October 2006 and ...
Zanarini Mary C MC From the *Department of Psychiatry, McLean Hospital, Belmont; †Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School; and ‡Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the classes and types of psychotropic medication reported by borderline patients and axis II comparison subjects over 16 years of prospective follow-up. Medication use was assessed at baseline using a semistructured interview of proven reliability and validity as well as its follow-up ...
Sasaki Eriko E Graduate School of International Health Development, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki 852-8523, - - 2014
To investigate caregivers' understanding of prescriptions of antibiotics and antimalarials for children in Malawi. A cross-sectional study using interviews with 513 caregivers was undertaken in three different medical settings in two districts in Malawi for their understanding of medication defined as comprehension of dosage, frequency and duration immediately after receiving ...
Stevens Gregory D GD Departments of Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, 1000 South Fremont Ave, Unit #80, Los Angeles, CA, USA, - - 2014
To examine whether patient-reported indicators of medical home performance are associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults with type 2 diabetes. Cross-sectional survey of 540 patients with Medicaid insurance and type 2 diabetes in Los Angeles County. The Primary Care Assessment Tool was used to measure seven features ...
Blumenthal-Barby J S JS Center for Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX (JSBB)Department of Social Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX (HK) - - 2014
The role of cognitive biases and heuristics in medical decision making is of growing interest. The purpose of this study was to determine whether studies on cognitive biases and heuristics in medical decision making are based on actual or hypothetical decisions and are conducted with populations that are representative of ...
Mulaik Melody W - - 2014
I am sure there are other items you could identify to include in your mid-year "check-up." Regardless of facility type, range of offered services, and/or size of the facility I am confident you can find some opportunity to make things better if you will only look. Check-ups aren't a bad ...
Eyal Nir - - 2014
Increasingly, bioethicists defend informed consent as a safeguard for trust in caretakers and medical institutions.This paper discusses an ‘ideal type’ of that move. What I call the trust-promotion argument for informed consent states:1. Social trust, especially trust in caretakers and medical institutions, is necessary so that, for example,people seek medical ...
Gonzales-Viera Omar O Laboratório de Histología, Embriología y Patología Veterinaria, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, - - 2014
A captive adult male saddleback tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis, was lethargic, unresponsive to its surrounding and died before medical care. Necroscopic, histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations were performed. Neoplastic spindle cells of the urinary bladder were positive for antifactor VIII antibody. A primary urinary bladder haemangiosarcoma was diagnosed, and it has not ...
Lamin Eliza E Perelman Center for Advanced Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, West Pavilion, 3rd Floor, 3400 Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Bladder dysfunction, which is commonly associated with neurologic disorders, can present in myriad ways, from complete retention of urine to total urinary incontinence. The multiple options for treating neurogenic bladder dysfunction range from minimally invasive lifestyle changes to major surgical interventions. Interventions may be driven by patient-reported nuisance or by ...
Esteban M M Servicio de Urología, Hospital Nacional de Parapléjicos, Toledo, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a pathology impairing patients' quality of life and with a high percentage of patients who are refractory to medication. In this paper, technical opinion of an «expert panel» is assessed in order to gain the most reliable professional consensus on scientific evidence available on the criteria ...
Denecke Kerstin K ICCAS Innovation Centre Computer Assisted - - 2014
Analysing medical social media data gains in importance given an increased availability of such data. In this paper, we analyse the language of medical blogs by means of a sublanguage analysis. More specifically, verb usage, semantic categories of used words as well as co-occurrence patterns are determined by means of ...
Marganne Marie-Hélène - - 2014
1. Far fewer Latin medical papyri, whether paraliterary, documentary or magical, have survived compared to Greek medical papyri, but they nonetheless provide interesting information about medical practices in the Graeco-Roman world, the relationship between Greek and Latin medical languages, and the choices made to use one rather than the other, ...
Williams Joni L Strom JL Center for Health Disparities Research, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA ; Division of General Internal Medicine & Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, - - 2014
Medication adherence is associated with improved outcomes in diabetes. Interventions have been established to help improve medication adherence; however, the most effective interventions in patients with Type 2 diabetes remain unclear. The goal of this study was to distinguish whether interventions were effective and identify areas for future research. Medline ...
Chung Wen Wei WW Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia ; Pharmacy Department, University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Diabetes mellitus is a lifelong chronic condition that requires self-management. Lifestyle modification and adherence to antidiabetes medications are the major determinants of therapeutic success in the management of diabetes. To assess the effects of a pharmaceutical care (PC) model on medication adherence and glycemic levels of people with type 2 ...
Pihau-Tulo Stella Tilu ST CHIRI and School of Pharmacy, Curtin University, Perth, WA, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to evaluate the extent of adherence to hypoglycemic medications, assess the relationship between adherence and glycemic control, and evaluate factors affecting adherence. This was a cross-sectional study of patients with established type 2 diabetes attending the Port Moresby General Hospital Diabetes Clinic. Face-to-face interviews ...
Woratanarat Thira T Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Transformative learning is a most important issue in medical education. Ethnographic edutainment is a concept that consists of reward, competition, and motivation strategies, which are more effective in engaging with learners. First-year medical students (N = 321) were included in this study during the Doctor and Society course at Chulalongkorn ...
Fahmy Nader N Divisions of Urology & Surgical Oncology, Departments of Surgery & Oncology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, London, - - 2013
We performed a systematic review of publications describing a correlation between oral anticoagulant medications and intravesical BCG outcome. We collected information on the impact of such medications on tumour recurrence and progression and we excluded papers not reporting outcome correlations. Patients were divided into group 1 and 2 based on ...
Rashid Tina G - - 2013
Overactive bladder affects 10-12% of men, of which 13% are refractory to medical therapy and seek second-line treatment. This places a substantial clinical and economic burden on the National Health Service United Kingdom. This review identifies current evidence for the use of onabotulinum toxin A and sacral nerve neuromodulation for ...
Linsenmeyer Todd A TA Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation, West Orange, NJ, USA. - - 2013
Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) injection into the bladder wall has been shown to be an effective alternative to anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) medications and more invasive surgery in those with multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) and urinary incontinence who are not tolerating anticholinergic medications. In August 2011, ...
Elterman Dean S - - 2013
Introduction: Overactive bladder (OAB) and its resultant urge urinary incontinence (UUI) are significant problems that medically, psychologically and financially affect people. The constellation of symptoms comprising OAB affects ∼ 16% of the adult population and its prevalence increases with aging. The typical class of medications used to treat OAB is ...
Ginsberg David D - - 2013
Clinicians managing patients with neurogenic bladder (NGB) and neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) are faced with a myriad of complex choices when deciding on appropriate medical and/or surgical interventions to relieve bothersome symptoms associated with NGB and NDO, especially urinary incontinence. Therapies must provide maximum benefits while minimizing patients' risk for ...
Robinson Dudley - - 2013
Overactive Bladder (OAB) is a clinical syndrome describing the symptom complex of urgency, with or without urgency incontinence and is usually associated with frequency and nocturia. Those women with refractory or intractable symptoms following initial conservative and antimuscarinic medication may benefit from further assessment and investigation of their symptoms prior ...
Marks Donald H - - 2013
The impetus for this review was recent increased warnings of cardiovascular toxicity, fractures and bladder cancer associated with glitazone use. A drug utilization review was performed regarding the use of Actos (pioglitazone) and Avandia (rosiglitazone) at Cooper Green Mercy Hospital (CGMH), an inner city safety net hospital in Birmingham, Alabama. ...
Jost Wolfgang H - - 2012
Bladder dysfunctions are quite common in Parkinson's disease. They may occur at any stage of the illness and get worse with advancing and aggravating disease. The most prominent dysfunction is the so-called overactive bladder. Control of bladder function is part of a highly complex system subject to the interaction of ...
Jirschele Kelly - - 2012
Oxybutynin chloride is primarily indicated for the treatment of overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). It remains the most widely prescribed compound for OAB in the world. OAB is defined as the presence of urinary urgency, usually accompanied by daytime urinary frequency and nocturia, with or without urgency urinary incontinence, in the ...
Davenport Diana - - 2011
Penicillin is often considered one of the greatest discoveries of 20th century medicine. However, the revolution in therapeutics brought about by sulphonamides also had a profound effect on British medicine, particularly during World War II (WWII). Sulphonamides were used to successfully treat many infections which later yielded to penicillin and ...
Walling Hobart W - - 2011
Hyperhidrosis is a disorder of excessive sweating beyond what is expected for thermoregulatory needs and environmental conditions. Primary hyperhidrosis has an estimated prevalence of nearly 3% and is associated with significant medical and psychosocial consequences. Most cases of hyperhidrosis involve areas of high eccrine density, particularly the axillae, palms, and ...
Goodin Heather Janiszewski - - 2011
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe the prevalence and severity of medical line entanglements among pediatric patients (N = 486). Most patients, with ages from birth to 6 years, had at least 1 medical line (n = 444, 91%), and 294 children (60%) had 2 to 11 ...
Turker Tolga - - 2011
Fluoroquinolones are broad-spectrum antibacterial agents. Reports of Achilles tendon rupture as a possible side effect of the quinolones have been previously presented but mechanism of the side effect of the medication is still unknown. Tendon rupture in the forearm associated with fluoroquinolone use has not been reported. We present a ...
Kirankumar S V - - 2011
Aims: The aim of this study was to analyze medical professional, perception, attitude, knowledge, and experience about child abuse and neglect in Bagalkot district, north Karnataka, India. Materials and Methods: Two hundred medical professional, working in both public and private sectors in the province were interviewed by a single operator. ...
Merry Alan F - - 2011
The administration of medications is central to anaesthetists' care of patients. Errors are inevitable in any human endeavour, but should be distinguished from violations. The incidence of medication errors in anaesthesia has been estimated as 1 per 13 000 administrations, excluding errors in recording. Adverse medication events follow a proportion of ...
Chapin John - - 2011
The study seeks to contribute to the optimistic bias literature by studying the perceptual bias among medical personnel within the context of intimate partner violence (IPV). A total of 316 medical students, residents, and nurses were surveyed. Care providers exhibit optimistic bias, believing they are less likely than others to ...
Alexa Ioana Dana - - 2011
Self-neglect in an elderly person is a behavior that threatens his/her own health and safety. It is present when a person refuses to adequately feed, water, shelter, or clothe himself, refuses medication or medical care, and personal safety measures. This is a multicentric study of self-neglect in three geriatric units ...
Jansen Rita-Marié - - 2011
"Off-label" in relation to the use of medication means that a medicine is used in another way or for indications other than those specified in its conditions of registration and reflected in its labelling. The off-label use of medication accounts for an estimated 21 per cent of drug use overall ...
Ditsch Nina - - 2011
The off-label use, referring to the applicability of pharmaceutical drugs beyond the submitted and from the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM, Bundesamt für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte) certified and approved administration, is the subject of controversial discussions. The application can be considered in case of severe illness - ...
Kümmerle Wolfgang - - 2011
On-line hemodiafiltration (on-line HDF) is the result of a vision that triggered multifarious changes in very different areas. Driven by the idea to offer better medical treatment for renal patients, technological innovations were developed and established that also constituted new challenges in the field of regulatory affairs. The existing regulations ...
Erbe Barbara - - 2011
In perioperative settings, medications are removed from their original identifying containers; therefore, scrub personnel (RN's and OR Technicians) need to label all medications placed on the sterile field. In this study, medication labeling practices will be evaluated in the operating room of a 187-bed, Charlotte, North Carolina hospital. Subsequently, blank ...
Kim Su Nam - - 2011
Given a set of pre-defined medical categories used in Evidence Based Medicine, we aim to automatically annotate sentences in medical abstracts with these labels. We constructed a corpus of 1,000 medical abstracts annotated by hand with specified medical categories (e.g. Intervention, Outcome). We explored the use of various features based ...
Martin Caren McHenry - - 2010
Off-label use of medication is common and can lead to innovations in the use of medicine to treat patients in unconventional ways. However, issues of increased health care costs, decreased reimbursement, and lack of clinical data to support off-label use, are concerns of practitioners and patients alike. By using their ...
Surh Linda C - - 2010
The 2010 US FDA-Drug Industry Association (DIA) Pharmacogenomics (PGx) Workshop follows a series that began in 2002 bringing together multidisciplinary experts spanning regulatory authorities, medical research, healthcare and industry. This report summarizes the 'Building PGx into Labels' sessions from the workshop, which discussed the critical elements in developing PGx outcomes ...
Maldonado Jose R - - 2010
Substance use is ubiquitous among medically ill patients. The 2008 National Survey on Drug Abuse and Health survey estimated that 20.1 million Americans aged 12 years or older (8% of the US population) had used an illicit drug during the preceding month. Some licit substances also create havoc. The survey ...
Agnew Robin - - 2010
This is a shortened account of the bitter experiences of American prisoners of the British during the war of 1812-14 as seen through the eyes of a young New Englander who kept a diary of events in various prisons on both sides of the Atlantic. Resentment against the delay in ...
Zargarzadeh Amir H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The number of patients with limited English proficiency is on the rise in the United States, and conveying medication information to these individuals in an effective manner is crucial to improve adherence and reduce medication errors. OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) self-reported capability for and actual provision of prescription labels ...
Hammond Wizdom Powell - - 2010
The contribution of masculinity to men's healthcare use has gained increased public health interest; however, few studies have examined this association among African-American men, who delay healthcare more often, define masculinity differently, and report higher levels of medical mistrust than non-Hispanic White men. To examine associations between traditional masculinity norms, ...
Craig Stephen C - - 2010
Dr John Warren was educated in the medical apprenticeship tradition of mid-18th century Boston, Massachusetts. As a surgeon in the American Continental Army he honed not only his surgical but also his teaching skills by providing continuing medical education to his colleagues in Boston's military hospital. Warren became a driving ...
Nakajima Yuji - - 2010
Knowledge of the three-dimensional anatomy of the bronchopulmonary segments is essential for respiratory medicine. This report describes a quick guide for dissecting the segmental bronchi in formaldehyde-fixed human material. All segmental bronchi are easy to dissect, and thus, this exercise will help medical students to better understand the bronchopulmonary segments.
Band Pierre R - - 2010
"Passion is not accepting defeat."--Emil Frei III. In the early 1950s, an experimental and clinical program characterized by unique cross-fertilization was developed. The clinical importance of experimental animal models in drug screening and in establishing key chemotherapy concepts and the role of the pioneers of medical oncology in the design ...
Gharib Hossein - - 2010
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, Associazione Medici Endocrinologi, and European Thyroid Association Medical Guidelines for Clinical Practice for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Nodules are systematically developed statements to assist health care professionals in medical decision making for specific clinical conditions. Most of the content herein is based on ...
Jerrell Jeanette M - - 2010
To identify the types of adverse events associated with psychotropic treatment in African American children and adolescents, analyses were performed using a retrospective cohort design evaluating medical and pharmacy claims from South Carolina's Medicaid program covering outpatient and inpatient medical services and medication prescriptions between January 1996 and December 2005. ...
Griesemer Adam D AD Department of Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 177 Fort Washington Avenue, Milstein Pavilion 7GS, New York, NY, 10032, USA, - - 2010
John Jones was a pioneer of American Surgery. Born in Long Island, New York in 1729, he received his medical degree in France from the University of Rheims. He returned to the colonies and helped to establish the medical school that would later become Columbia University's College of Physicians and ...
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