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Kaplan Robert M - - 2013
Despite benefits of physical activity (PA), exercise is also associated with risks. Musculoskeletal injury (MSI) risk increases with exercise frequency/intensity. MSI is associated with costs including medical care and time lost from work. To evaluate the economic costs associated with PA-related MSIs in community-dwelling women. Participants included 909 women in ...
Korb-Savoldelli Virginie - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012; 14:429-434. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The aim of this study was to validate a French translation of the structured self-report 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) and determine its psychometric properties in patients taking antihypertensive medication. An observational cross-sectional study was conducted in the ...
Elder Keith - - 2012
We examined the relationship between trust in the medical system, medication adherence, and hypertension control in Southern African American men. The sample included 235 African American men aged 18 years and older with hypertension. African American men with higher general trust in the medical system were more likely to report ...
Hatanaka Yoko - - 2012
Objective:To investigate the impact of body mass index (BMI) of men in their 20s and the effects of subsequent changes in body weight upon medication rates, prevalence of hypertension and diabetes, and medical costs in their 40s. Subjects and Methods: A total of 10,125 men who were in their 20s ...
Wang Virginia - - 2012
Half of patients with hypertension have poor blood pressure (BP) control. Recent models for treating hypertension have integrated disease monitoring and telephone-based interventions delivered in patients' homes. This study evaluated the costs of the Hypertension Intervention Nurse Telemedicine Study (HINTS), aimed to improve BP control in veterans. Eligible veterans were ...
Strobel Lisa L Department of Cardiology and Pneumology, University Hospital Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany, - - 2012
To assess the extent of undergraduate medical training on alcohol use disorders (AUD) and smoking, and medical students' perceived knowledge regarding consequences of, and treatment options for, these disorders compared with other chronic conditions. Cross-sectional survey assessing teaching and perceived knowledge of health consequences and treatment options for AUD and ...
Gee Marianne E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Some of the greatest barriers to achieving blood pressure control are perceived to be failure to prescribe antihypertensive medication and lack of adherence to medication prescriptions. METHODS: Self-reported data from 6017 Canadians with diagnosed hypertension who responded to the 2008 Canadian Community Health Survey and the 2009 Survey on ...
Saleem F - - 2012
The study is aimed to explore the perceptions and experiences of hypertensive patients toward medication use and adherence. The study was qualitative in nature conducted at Sandamen Provisional Hospital of Quetta city, Pakistan; a public hospital catering to the health needs of about 40% of the population. A qualitative approach ...
Hacihasano─člu Rabia - - 2012
Study purpose was to examine the validity of a 13-item short form of the Medication Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (MASES-SF) in an independent sample of 150 hypertensive Turkish patients. This is a methodological study and 150 adult patients, who are receiving medication for hypertension in the last one year, were ...
Lewis Lisa M - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;14:250-255. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The problem of medication adherence is pronounced in hypertensive black men. However, factors influencing their adherence are not well understood. This secondary analysis of the ongoing Counseling African Americans to Control Hypertension (CAATCH) randomized clinical trial investigated the patient, provider, and ...
Jones Miren I MI Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, - - 2012
Self-management of hypertension, comprising self-monitoring of blood pressure with self-titration of medication, improves blood pressure control, but little is known regarding the views of patients undertaking it. To explore patients' views of self-monitoring blood pressure and self-titration of antihypertensive medication. Qualitative study embedded within the randomised controlled trial TASMINH2 (Telemonitoirng ...
Nonzee Vimonpun - - 2012
Oral dryness can contribute to several diseases in the oral cavity. The objective of the present study was to compare the subjective oral dryness, salivary flow rates, the number of oral microbiota, and the dental status between medicated hypertensive patients and control subjects. Four hundred subjects including 200 ambulatory hypertensive ...
Knafl George J - - 2012
Electronic monitoring devices (EMDs) are regarded as the "gold standard" for assessing medication adherence in research. Although EMD data provide rich longitudinal information, they are typically not used to their maximum potential. Instead, EMD data are usually combined into summary measures, which lack sufficient detail for describing complex medication-taking patterns. ...
Marko Nicholas F - - 2012
Hyperosmolar therapy is the principal medical management strategy for elevated intracranial pressure. Mannitol has been the primary hyperosmolar agent for nearly a century and remains the de facto gold standard for medical management of intracranial hypertension. Over the past 25 years, however, hypertonic saline (HTS) has become a progressively more ...
Leung Lucinda B - - 2012
Despite pharmacologic advances, medication non-adherence continues to challenge primary care providers in blood pressure (BP) management. Medical, nursing and pharmacy students (n=11) were recruited and trained as health coaches for uninsured, hypertensive patients (n=25) of a free clinic in an uncontrolled open trial. Pre-post analysis was conducted on BP, medication ...
Saint-Lary Olivier - - 2012
From one country to another, the pay-for-performance mechanisms differ on one significant point: the identification of target populations, that is, populations which serve as a basis for calculating the indicators. The aim of this study was to compare clinical versus medication-based identification of populations of patients with diabetes and hypertension ...
Samwald Matthias M Department of Medical Statistics & Bioinformatics, Leiden University Medical Center/Informatics Institute, University of Amsterdam, Einthovenweg 20, 2333 ZC Leiden, The - - 2012
Understanding how each individual's genetics and physiology influences pharmaceutical response is crucial to the realization of personalized medicine and the discovery and validation of pharmacogenomic biomarkers is key to its success. However, integration of genotype and phenotype knowledge in medical information systems remains a critical challenge. The inability to easily ...
Xiang Yang - - 2012
The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) is the largest thesaurus in the biomedical informatics domain. Previous works have shown that knowledge constructs comprised of transitively-associated UMLS concepts are effective for discovering potentially novel biomedical hypotheses. However, the extremely large size of the UMLS becomes a major challenge for these applications. ...
Osamor Pauline E - - 2011
Hypertension is an important condition among adults, affecting nearly one billion people worldwide. Treatment with appropriate medication is a key factor in the control of hypertension and reduction in associated risk of complications. However, compliance with treatment is often sub-optimal, especially in developing countries. The present study investigated the factors ...
Papageorgiou Elpiniki I - - 2011
Therapy decision making and support in medicine deals with uncertainty and needs to take into account the patient's clinical parameters, the context of illness and the medical knowledge of the physician and guidelines to recommend a treatment therapy. This research study is focused on the formalization of medical knowledge using ...
So Eun-Young - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to explore possibility of information sharing between the medical and nursing domains. Narrative medical records of 281 hospitalization days of 36 gastrectomy patients were decomposed into single-meaning statements. These single-meaning statements were combined into unique statements by removing semantically redundant statements. Concepts from the ...
Kyriazos George K - - 2011
The need for annotating the continuously increasing volume of medical image data is recognized from medical experts for a variety of purposes, regardless if this is medical practice, research or education. The rich information content latent in medical images can be made explicit and formal with the use of well-defined ...
Kaiser Heather E - - 2011
As cases of 2009 novel H1N1 influenza became prevalent in Cincinnati, Ohio, Hamilton County Public Health called upon the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine to enhance its surge capacity in vaccination administration. Although the collaboration was well organized, it became evident that a system should exist for medical students' ...
Genay Stéphanie - - 2011
The use of medical devices containing highly criticized phthalates including di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) has been challenged by European directive 2007/47/CE, put into effect in March 2010. New plasticizers are now being used to soften PVC in medical devices: trioctyltrimellitate (TOTM), di-isononyl-cyclohexan-1,2-dicarboxilate (DINCH) and di(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate (DEHT). To quantify DEHP in ...
Baysari Melissa T - - 2011
This narrative review includes a summary of research examining prescribing errors, prescription decision making and the role computerized decision support plays in this decision-making process. A reduction in medication prescribing errors, specifically a reduction in the selection of inappropriate medications, is expected to result from the implementation of an effective ...
Turner Rebecca - - 2011
Medical Education 2011: 45: 298-307 Context  The introduction of aptitude testing in the selection of applicants for medical and dental school, in the UK, has led to growing scrutiny of current selection practices. There is increasing difficulty in discriminating between the high numbers of very able candidates who apply to ...
Feurino Louis L - - 2011
This article reviews the most recent studies of the pharmacologic treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Although research continues using randomized controlled trials with a placebo arm as well as active medication, meta-analyses and systematic reviews have revealed that the use of any specific medication or medication class in BPD ...
Ben Abacha Asma - - 2011
Information extraction is a complex task which is necessary to develop high-precision information retrieval tools. In this paper, we present the platform MeTAE (Medical Texts Annotation and Exploration). MeTAE allows (i) to extract and annotate medical entities and relationships from medical texts and (ii) to explore semantically the produced RDF ...
So Eun-Young - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to explore the ability of SNOMED CT to represent narrative statements of medical records. Narrative medical records of 281 hospitalization days of 36 patients with Gastrectomy were decomposed into single-meaning statements, and these single-meaning statements were combined into unique statements by removing semantically redundant ...
Tsai A G - - 2011
To estimate per-person and aggregate direct medical costs of overweight and obesity and to examine the effect of study design factors. PubMed (1968-2009), EconLit (1969-2009) and Business Source Premier (1995-2009) were searched for original studies. Results were standardized to compute the incremental cost per overweight person and per obese person, ...
Choung Rok Seon - - 2011
Although direct medical costs for constipation-related medical visits are thought to be high, to date there have been no studies examining whether longitudinal resource use is persistently elevated in children with constipation. Our aim was to estimate the incremental direct medical costs and types of health care use associated with ...
Varkey Prathibha - - 2010
Numerous studies performed over the last 30 years suggest that doctors have poor knowledge of the costs of medical care. In most graduate medical education programmes, trainees do not receive formal training in cost-effective medical practice. Comprehensive literature search of electronic bibliographic databases for articles that describe health economics, cost-containment ...
Johnson Tricia J - - 2010
Medical travel is travel outside of an individual's home region or country in pursuit of medical care that is more accessible, of higher quality and/or of lower cost. This paper estimates the inflows of foreign residents seeking medical care in the U.S. and outflows of U.S. residents seeking care abroad. ...
Sander Josemir W - - 2010
Substitution of antiepileptic drugs with generic formulations may affect individual people, as well as healthcare systems. Analyses of large medical claims databases suggest that generic substitution of antiepileptic drugs is associated with increased morbidity and greater use of healthcare resources. While a single brand-to-generic switch may be associated with a ...
Schilling Ulf Martin - - 2010
It was shown that physicians working at the Swedish emergency department (ED) are unaware of the costs for investigations performed. This study evaluated the possible impact of price lists on the overall laboratory and radiology costs at the ED of a Swedish university hospital. Price lists including the most common ...
Jung Hyun-Myung - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate cost-reduction efficacy of a palliative care unit (PCU) by analyzing medical expenses of terminal cancer patients. Hospital bills and medical records of 656 patients who died of cancer from January to December 2007 at one university hospital in Seoul were analyzed. Of ...
Wolleswinkel-van den Bosch Judith H - - 2010
This paper estimates medical resource use, direct costs, and productivity losses and costs (indirect costs) during episodes of acute otitis media (AOM) in young children. A 24-item Internet questionnaire was developed for parents in Belgium (Flanders), France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom (UK) to report health ...
Amin Alpesh - - 2010
To calculate and compare the direct medical costs of guideline-recommended prophylaxis with prophylaxis that does not fully adhere with guideline recommendations in a large, real-world population. Discharge records were retrieved from the US Premier Perspective™ database (January 2003-December 2003) for patients aged≥40 years with a primary diagnosis of cancer, chronic ...
Park Moon Seok - - 2011
This study examined the prevalence of cerebral palsy (CP) in South Korea, and the attributable lifetime medical cost according to physiological types and extent of involvement. The number of medical service use and medical cost of CP were obtained from the national health insurance review and assessment (HIRA) service. The ...
Li Hongbo - - 2010
A ultrasensitive, simple and convenient electrochemical method was firstly developed for the determination of prochloraz and its metabolites as 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) using nano-aperture medical stone. Compared with the undoped disposable electrode (UDE), nano-aperture medical stone doped disposable electrode (MSDDE) not only significantly enhances the oxidation peak current of 2,4,6-TCP but ...
Ma Y - - 2010
Stroke is a heavy economic and health burden for the patients and society. This study aimed to evaluate hospital length of stay (LOS) by admission characteristics and costs correlated with medical insurance status for cerebral infarction in a medium-sized city in China. A total of 557 consecutive patients with principal ...
Raper James L - - 2010
Although prior authorization (PA) for prescription medications is widely employed for cost-containment for third-party insurers, it is a frustrating aspect of outpatient clinical care that imposes uncompensated costs to medical providers. To characterize these costs, we monitored the PA-associated administrative and operational process at the University of Alabama at Birmingham ...
Pope George - - 2011
to evaluate specialist geriatric input and medication review in patients in high-dependency continuing care. prospective, randomised, controlled trial. two residential continuing care hospitals. Participants: two hundred and twenty-five permanent patients. Intervention: patients were randomised to either specialist geriatric input or regular input. The specialist group had a medical assessment by ...
Mello Michelle M - - 2010
Concerns about reducing the rate of growth of health expenditures have reignited interest in medical liability reforms and their potential to save money by reducing the practice of defensive medicine. It is not easy to estimate the costs of the medical liability system, however. This article identifies the various components ...
Gander Philippa - - 2010
To estimate the societal costs of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in New Zealand and develop a simulation tool to evaluate treatment options. Treatment profiles, availability, uptake, and costs were based on services in the Wellington Region, and were used to develop a decision analytic model with micro costing of ...
Gibson Teresa B - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between patient cost-sharing (e.g., copayments or coinsurance) and adherence and persistence to second-generation (atypical) antipsychotic (SGA) medications. DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY: A retrospective, observational study of adults aged 18-64 years with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (n = 7,910) who initiated SGA medications with employer-sponsored insurance in ...
Probst Michael - - 2010
The aging of the population will make fecal incontinence an increasingly important socioeconomic problem in the coming decades. Already today, the cost to society of treating incontinence with inserts, diapers, and closed systems exceeds the total cost of all cardiac and anti-inflammatory medications. This article is based on a selective ...
Königová R - - 2010
Advances in medical technology and practices have been associated with increasing medical specialization, but they have developed at a price. This price has included not only enormous financial costs, but the additional cost of dehumanized patient care, diminished confidence in the medical staff and, consequently, human suffering. Burn injuries are ...
Seo Pyoung Ju - - 2010
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is one of the most common and frequent chronic disease requiring considerable cost. We investigated the medical care costs in the erosive reflux disease (ERD) and non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). The risk factors and the direct medical care costs were analyzed retrospectively in the ERD (178 patients) ...
Kahn Marc J MJ Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. - - 2010
Estimating the value of a medical education is a difficult undertaking. As student debt levels rise and the role of managed care in price-setting increases, the financial benefit of an MD degree comes into question. We developed a model using net present value (NPV) analysis for a range of annual ...
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