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Jenks Michelle M York Health Economics Consortium, University of York, Level 2, Market Square, York, YO10 5NH, UK, - - 2014
Scoliosis-structural lateral curvature of the spine-affects around four children per 1,000. The MAGEC system comprises a magnetically distractible spinal rod implant and an external remote controller, which lengthens the rod; this system avoids repeated surgical lengthening. Rod implants brace the spine internally and are lengthened as the child grows, preventing ...
Casals Gemma - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To present the results of a large series of patients with ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome treated with a conservative medical approach and to compare the cost of this treatment with outpatient management with paracentesis according to published data. DESIGN: Retrospective case series and cost analysis study using a decision-tree model. ...
Bhatia R Sacha - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The 2007 Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for echocardiography was revised in 2011 to cover a wider range of scenarios of use. Previous studies of the 2007 AUC found a relatively large number of unclassified transthoracic echocardiograms (TTEs). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review comparing TTE usage in three ...
Kandemir Eyup - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is increasing, and current studies should address issues such as stigmas and casual attitudes that may be amenable to intervention. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effects of education on the attitudes of medical students toward CSA survivors. METHOD: We divided medical students into 2 ...
Rekha T T Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, India. - - 2011
Today's generation enjoys having music at their fingertips. This has led to an increase in the usage of personal listening devices (PLDs) over the past decade. There are significant concerns regarding harmful effects of PLD use. To find out the perception and practice of medical students regarding use of PLDs. ...
Smeijers Anika S - - 2011
Approximately 1 child in 1,000 is deaf or severely hard of hearing from birth, and the prevalence rises to about 1.6 per 1,000 in adolescents. Providing medical care for this group of children poses special challenges for professionals. To allow a medical consultation to proceed successfully and to the satisfaction ...
Neusy André-Jacques - - 2011
In the fall of 2008, MEDICC Review published a roundtable discussion with six of eight deans representing schools of health sciences with a strong social accountability mandate, who had just founded a new collaborative: the Training for Health Equity Network (THEnet). The topic was the changing paradigm of medical education. ...
The Academy Of Breastfeeding - - 2011
The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is a worldwide organization of physicians dedicated to the promotion, protection and support of breastfeeding and human lactation. Our mission is to unite into one association members of the various medical specialties with this common purpose.
McGaghie William C - - 2011
United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores are frequently used by residency program directors when evaluating applicants. The objectives of this report are to study the chain of reasoning and evidence that underlies the use of USMLE Step 1 and 2 scores for postgraduate medical resident selection decisions and to ...
West Colin P - - 2010
Resident doctors' (residents) well-being impacts on the medical care they provide. Despite the high prevalence of resident doctors' distress, the relationship between their well-being and the specific competencies defined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education is poorly understood. We evaluated the association of resident well-being with medical knowledge ...
Artino Anthony R - - 2010
A challenge for medical educators is to better understand the personal factors that lead to individual success in medical school and beyond. Recently, educational researchers in fields outside medicine have acknowledged the importance of motivation and emotion in students' learning and performance. These affective factors have received less emphasis in ...
Smith Kevin M - - 2010
This pilot study explores the influence of preadmission data on podiatric medical school performance, specifically, the role of undergraduate institutional selectivity. This type of study has never been described in the podiatric medical education literature. We conducted a longitudinal analysis of preadmission data on 459 students from the graduating classes ...
Lumb Andrew B - - 2010
Research indicates that some social groups are disadvantaged by medical school selection systems. The stage(s) of a selection process at which this occurs is unknown, but at interview, when applicant and interviewer are face-to-face, there is potential for social bias to occur. We performed a detailed audit of the interview ...
Parsa Shima - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine career preferences of medical students at the time of entering medical school compared with interns who were graduating; and to determine what factors influence the choice of a special discipline as a career. A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey study involving freshmen and interns ...
Kusurkar Rashmi - - 2011
The Strength of Motivation for Medical School (SMMS) questionnaire is designed to determine the strength of motivation of students particularly for medical study. This research was performed to establish the validity evidence for measuring strength of motivation for medical school. Internal structure and relations to other variables were used as ...
Pretorius Richard W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Can prior places of residence listed on a medical school application predict where a physician will practice in midcareer? METHOD: Geographic data were analyzed for a cohort of 399 graduates from a single U.S. medical school. RESULTS: Applicants with origins in the local region had a 40.4% to 49.5% ...
Gifford Robert H - - 2010
In summary, there have been significant educational improvements, particularly during the first two years of medical school. Students today are more accomplished, more diverse, and there is now a focus on the highly relevant basic science of medical practice, including medical ethics and public health. The curriculum has been centralized ...
Christner Jennifer G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Physicians communicate with patients using electronic mail (e-mail) with increasing frequency. Communication skills specific to e-mail do not appear to be taught explicitly in medical school. Therefore, the effect of an instructive session on effective e-mail communication was examined. METHOD: Four simulated e-mails from a parent were developed. Students ...
Wayne Sharon J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Substantial numbers of people are medically underserved because of rural residence and/or economic circumstances. The mission of many medical schools is service to this group, so the ability to identify applicants likely to serve this population is valuable. METHOD: In 2009, the authors asked graduates from their medical school, ...
Morrison Carol A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study examined the relationship between performance on the National Board of Medical Examiners Comprehensive Basic Science Self-Assessment (CBSSA) and performance on United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1. METHOD: The study included 12,224 U.S. and Canadian medical school students who took CBSSA prior to their first Step 1 ...
Axelson Rick - - 2010
The medical education research literature consistently recommends a structured format for the medical school preadmission interview. There is, however, little direct evidence to support this recommendation. To shed further light on this issue, the present study examines the respective reliability contributions from the structured and unstructured interview components at the ...
Hojat Mohammadreza - - 2010
Research on doctor career satisfaction has often focused on factors such as income, specialty, gender, work hours, autonomy, patient load, lifestyle preferences, work environment, and insurance regulations. Other educational, personal and professional factors have not received sufficient empirical attention. This study was designed to test the following five hypotheses that ...
Gordon James A - - 2010
The correlation between simulator-based medical performance and real-world behavior remains unclear. This study explored whether the effects of extended work hours on clinical performance, as reported in prior hospital-based studies, could be observed in a simulator-based testing environment. Intern volunteers reported to the simulator laboratory in a rested state and ...
Mathers Jonathan - - 2010
Increasingly, medical schools are considering mature applicants, including graduate entrants. At present, the majority of mature students are in their early or mid-20s and are entering medicine immediately or soon after completing a first degree. However, 'older' mature students, who have worked in other occupations for a number of years, ...
Quinlivan Julie A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the four criteria used by the University of Notre Dame Australia (UNDA) to select medical students are successful in selecting for graduates with the desired outcomes of academic excellence and Catholic "mission fit". DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective cohort study of medical students selected for 2008 and ...
Kies Susan M SM University of Illinois College of Medicine, 255 Medical Sciences Bldg M/C 714, 506 S Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. - - 2010
Anecdotal experience has suggested that third-year medical students whose first clerkship is internal medicine may have superior performance throughout the academic year. To determine whether the order of clerkships by specialty is associated with student performance. Clerkship performance records of medical students at all 4 campuses of the University of ...
Andriole Dorothy A DA Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8210, St Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2010
The relationship between increasing numbers and diversity of medical school enrollees and the US physician workforce size and composition has not been described. To identify demographic and prematriculation factors associated with medical school matriculants' outcomes. Retrospective study using deidentified data for the 1994-1999 national cohort of 97,445 matriculants who were ...
Mazeh Haggi - - 2010
In recent years, a significant decline in the number of medical school graduates who choose general surgery as a career has been noted in Israel. The aim of this study is to characterize the factors that deter Israeli medical students from choosing general surgery. Previous studies in the United States ...
Gropper Aaron - - 2010
This study aims to catalogue and examine the following work-life flexibility policies at all 17 Canadian medical schools: maternity leave, paternity leave, adoption leave, extension of the probationary period for family responsibilities, part-time faculty appointments, job sharing, and child care. The seven work-life policies of Canadian medical schools were researched ...
Blanch-Hartigan Danielle - - 2011
Self-assessment is an important component of medical education. Meta-analyses were conducted to better understand accuracy of self-assessment and direction of inaccuracy. Three meta-analyses were conducted on results from 35 published articles on medical student self-assessment, one for each of the theoretically distinct ways of measuring accuracy of self-reported ability (correlational, ...
Pololi Linda - - 2010
Despite compelling reasons to draw on the contributions of under-represented minority (URM) faculty members, US medical schools lack these faculty, particularly in leadership and senior roles. The study's purpose was to document URM faculty perceptions and experience of the culture of academic medicine in the US and to raise awareness ...
Shreeve David R - - 2010
William Roentgen's discovery of X-rays in 1895 influenced two students from Manchester who first met in 1899. They developed an interest in radiology of the gastrointestinal tract through which they maintained a long association. Sir Arthur Hurst, after qualifying in Oxford in 1904, became a renowned physician at Guy's Hospital, ...
Lucey Catherine R - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of faculty rock stars, a subset of academic health center faculty who greatly enhance the reputation and/or success of their home institution, oftentimes at the expense of a disproportionate share of institutional resources. METHOD: In 2008, the authors surveyed the deans of 126 ...
Santen Sally A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Burnout has been described as a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and decreased personal accomplishment, and may originate during medical school. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of burnout and contributing factors in medical students. METHODS: A survey was administered to 249 medical students using ...
Lindor Keith D - - 2010
The expectation exists that medical education will continue to improve even during financially challenging times. The authors reviewed their recent experiences in effecting positive changes and improvements in Mayo Medical School during a time of fiscal constraint. They successfully implemented numerous changes, including a major curriculum reform, while modestly reducing ...
Pisu Maria - - 2010
Understanding differences among counties more or less successful in addressing breast cancer (BC) mortality disparities is important. Medical resources may be more available in counties with BC mortality rates (BCMR) low and similar for White and Black women. Based on Black and White BCMR we classified selected counties in four ...
Segal Scott - - 2010
Anecdotal reports suggest that some residency application essays contain plagiarized content. To determine the prevalence of plagiarism in a large cohort of residency application essays. Retrospective cohort study. 4975 application essays submitted to residency programs at a single large academic medical center between 1 September 2005 and 22 March 2007. ...
Green Marianne - - 2010
In this issue, Brenner and colleagues report a correlation between the frequency of negative comments in the "dean's letter" and future problems during a psychiatry residency program. Their study makes an important contribution to the body of literature on factors that predict professionalism-related performance issues during residency and suggests the ...
Shankar P R - - 2010
In Nepal, a number of private sector medical schools have opened recently; although sufficient numbers of doctors are graduating there continues to be a doctor shortage in rural areas. This article analysed the rural doctor shortage in Nepal and reviewed the international literature for strategies that may be suitable for ...
Warriner David - - 2010
On entering medical school we were taught that the most fundamental skill for a medical student to learn was how to elicit an accurate history from a patient, requiring communication skills, an inquisitive mind and, above all, patience.
Yoho Robert M - - 2010
Podiatric and osteopathic medical students at Des Moines University take the same basic science medical curriculum. The first course students complete is medical biochemistry. The final common course is the second-year medical pharmacology course. Attrition typically occurs between these academic offerings. We sought to compare admissions data, retention rates, and ...
Brosnan Caragh C Centre for Biomedicine and Society, King's College London, London, UK. - - 2010
Most basic medical education studies focus on one medical school, and the social and educational significance of differences between schools remains poorly understood. Sociologists have called for more comparative studies and for research on the institutional context of medical education. This paper introduces Bourdieu's concept of 'field' as a tool ...
Fox Benjamin D - - 2011
Medical student exposure to neurosurgery is limited. To improve the educational interactions between neurosurgeons and medical students as well as neurosurgical medical student rotations or clerkships (NSCs) we must first understand the current status. Two questionnaires were sent, one to every neurosurgery course coordinator or director at each US neurosurgery ...
Hoffman Benson M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality may provide a useful framework to understand performance-related issues in academic medical settings. We examined the distribution of FFM personality traits among surgery residents compared with medicine residents, medical students, and community norms. METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-four residents in surgery, medicine, pediatrics, ...
Quinn A - - 2010
Following the implementation of the Fottrell report, entry to medical school in Ireland has undergone significant change. Medical school studentship is now awarded based on a combination of points obtained from the final examination of Irish secondary schools (the leaving certificate) combined with HPAT scores (Health Professions Admissions Test). The ...
Callahan Clara A - - 2010
PURPOSE: The Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) has undergone several revisions for content and validity since its inception. With another comprehensive review pending, this study examines changes in the predictive validity of the MCAT's three recent versions. METHOD: Study participants were 7,859 matriculants in 36 classes entering Jefferson Medical College ...
Borges Nicole J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES Three domains comprise the field of human assessment: ability, motive and personality. Differences in personality and cognitive abilities between generations have been documented, but differences in motive between generations have not been explored. This study explored generational differences in medical students regarding motives using the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT). ...
Saultz John W JW Department of Family Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA. - - 2010
To determine the extent to which third-year medical students are exposed to elements of the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) during required family medicine (FM) clerkships and how this exposure varies among a sample of medical schools. In 2008, the authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of 104 ambulatory teaching practices that ...
Andujar Pascal - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Results on the National Ranking Examination (NRE) taken at the end of 6 years of medical school determine how much choice students have about the medical specialty and geographic area where they will perform their residency. Our objective was to identify academic and non-academic factors predicting performance on the ...
Sapp Robert F - - 2010
Large-scale events may overwhelm the capacity of even the most advanced emergency medical systems. When patient volume outweighs the number of available emergency medical services (EMS) providers, a mass-casualty incident may require the aid of non-medical volunteers. These individuals may be utilized to perform field disaster triage, lessening the burden ...
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