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Schuhmann B B Tiermedizinzentrum, Kufsteiner Str. 22, Berlin, 10825, - - 2014
Gastric dilatation is an acute and life-threatening condition in pet rabbits commonly caused by an intestinal obstruction with pellets of compressed hair. Surgery is normally considered to be the treatment of choice to alleviate the obstruction. However, for various reasons such as restrictions by the owner, a high anaesthetic risk ...
Gesquiere Ina I Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, KU Leuven, O&N II, Herestraat 49, Box 521, 3000, Leuven, Belgium, - - 2014
This study aims to determine the influence of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on medication-related costs. The study analyzed the types, dosages, and costs of drugs and medical devices prescribed before and after surgery (1, 3, 6, and 12 months and yearly thereafter) in patients who underwent RYGB between June 2004 and ...
Barletta Jeffrey F JF Department of Pharmacy Practice, Midwestern University, College of Pharmacy-Glendale, Glendale, AZ, - - 2013
Determine the level of evidence supporting off-label gastrointestinal (GI) medication use and identify the medication class and indication whereby off-label use was most common. This prospective, multicentered observational study evaluated all medication orders written in 37 intensive care units (ICUs) in the United States, over a 24-hour period. All medications ...
Lee Allen - - 2013
Gastroparesis is a chronic motility disorder that leads to delayed gastric emptying and negatively impacts morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. This paper provides an overview of the pathophysiology leading to symptoms in gastroparesis, discusses tests for diagnosis, and examines the evidence behind different treatment options for gastroparesis. Although delayed ...
Murata Atsuhiko - - 2013
Little information is available on the analysis of chronological changes in medical economic outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric cancer. This study aimed to investigate the recent time trend of medical economic outcomes of ESD for gastric cancer based on the Japanese administrative database. A total of 32,943 ...
Ikramuddin Sayeed S Department of Surgery, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2013
Controlling glycemia, blood pressure, and cholesterol is important for patients with diabetes. How best to achieve this goal is unknown. To compare Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with lifestyle and intensive medical management to achieve control of comorbid risk factors. A 12-month, 2-group unblinded randomized trial at 4 teaching hospitals in the ...
Bernard Kathryn - - 2012
Catalase-positive Gram-positive bacilli, commonly called "diphtheroids" or "coryneform" bacteria were historically nearly always dismissed as contaminants when recovered from patients, but increasingly have been implicated as the cause of significant infections. These taxa have been underreported, and the taxa were taxonomically confusing. The mechanisms of pathogenesis, especially for newly described ...
Wilson Mary Elizabeth - - 2012
Antimicrobial resistance is a growing problem globally. The appearance and spread of bacteria that are resistant to most or all commonly available antibiotics has raised the specter of untreatable bacterial infections. The New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) has received wide attention because of the extreme resistance it confers, its presence in ...
King Cecil A - - 2012
Sepsis and postoperative infection can occur as a result of unsafe practices in the administration of propofol and other injectable medications. Investigations of infection outbreaks have revealed the causes to be related to bacterial growth in or contamination of propofol and unsafe medication practices, including reuse of syringes on multiple ...
Hussain Zara A - - 2012
This study was conducted to assess the knowledge of H1N1 among medical students, their perceptions, and behavioral intentions in the wake of the H1N1 pandemic influenza. There were significant gaps in important self-isolation protocols and preventive measures. Increased contact with both patients and colleagues can lead to unintentional transmission and ...
Srinivasaiah N - - 2012
Aim:  Available guidelines from NICE & ACPGBI recommend combined (medical + mechanical) thrombo- prophylaxis. A Cochrane library review recommends self-administered low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for 2- 3 weeks following surgery. In the light of the recent guidelines from ACPGBI and NICE, we undertook a national questionnaire survey aimed to ...
Tan C M - - 2012
Introduction: This paper provides an overview of cases seen by the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) medical and surgical teams in the 2009 Sumatra earthquake and discusses the role of militaries in the acute phase of a disaster. Methods: Two SAF primary healthcare clinics prospectively collected patient medical information for comparison. ...
Mavandadi Sam - - 2012
In this work we investigate whether the innate visual recognition and learning capabilities of untrained humans can be used in conducting reliable microscopic analysis of biomedical samples toward diagnosis. For this purpose, we designed entertaining digital games that are interfaced with artificial learning and processing back-ends to demonstrate that in ...
Cherry M Gemma MG University of Liverpool, UK. - - 2012
Emotional intelligence (EI) is a type of social intelligence that involves monitoring, discriminating between and using emotions to guide thinking and actions. EI is related to interpersonal and communication skills, and is important in the assessment and training of medical undergraduates. This review aimed to determine the impact of structured ...
Mørcke Anne Mette - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the coherence between the undergraduate medical program at Aarhus University and the foundation year. This cross-sectional questionnaire survey included 503 doctors graduated from Aarhus University from the winter of 2007/2008 to the summer of 2009. The response rate was 73%. Approximately 73% ...
Leddy John J - - 2011
As medical school admission committees are giving increased consideration to noncognitive measures, this study sought to determine how emotional intelligence (EI) scores relate to other traditional measures used in the admissions process. EI was measured using an ability-based test (Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, or MSCEIT) in two consecutive cohorts of ...
Mazzi Maria Angela - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: to establish which kind of physician communicative responses to patient cues and concerns are appreciated by lay people. METHODS: A balanced sample (259 people) was recruited in public places to participate in a full day observation of four videotaped standardized medical consultations. In a two-step procedure participants gave their ...
Norré Jan - - 2011
The ongoing evolution of reproductive medicine has revealed the complexity of emotional reactions of couples seeking to fulfil their desire for a child. The position of counselling is evaluated from three perspectives: the couple, medical staff and the individual counsellor. This leads to three proposed levels of counselling, as an ...
Solomon Harris - - 2011
This paper examines the grid of sentiment that structures medical travel to India. In contrast to studies that render emotion as ancillary, the paper argues that affect is fundamental to medical travel's ability to ease the linked somatic, emotional, financial, and political injuries of being ill 'back home'. The ethnographic ...
Philbin James - - 2011
Cloud computing has gathered significant attention from information technology (IT) vendors in providing massively scalable applications as well as highly managed remote services. What is cloud computing and how will it impact the medical IT market? Will the next generation of picture archiving and communication systems be leveraging cloud technology?
- - 2011
For different motives, couples in need of third party assisted reproduction sometimes prefer the help of a family member over an unrelated collaborator. Quantitative (frequency) and qualitative (experience) data about this practice are lacking or scarce. Forms of intrafamilial medically assisted reproduction (IMAR) are different with respect to (i) familial ...
Hwang Kathleen - - 2011
Infertility in men is a common condition. At the core of the medical evaluation of the male partner in a couple who are unable to conceive is the history and physical examination. Special attention should be directed to the patient's developmental history and any use of testosterone products. The physical ...
Durell J - - 2011
The authors present a case that highlights an atypical example of a fungal epiglottis in an otherwise well adult patient with no medical history of fungal infection or an immunocompromised state. As current medical literature presents this fungus as only manifesting in the immunocompromised, the authors suggest, by this case ...
Levine Aaron D - - 2010
In vitro fertilization using donated oocytes is an important medical technique that provides the only option for some infertile patients to have children. The technique remains ethically contentious, however, and, as a result of this controversy, different oversight approaches have been developed in countries around the world. This paper examines ...
Cappellaro Giulia - - 2011
In the last decade the pace of innovation in medical technology has accelerated: hence the need to better identify and understand the real forces behind the adoption and diffusion of medical technology innovations in clinical practice. Among these forces, financial incentives may be expected to play a major role. The ...
Thompson Tamar - - 2010
The importance of Health Information Technology and the Electronic Medical Record were discussed in the October issue of Clinical Nuclear Medicine (Henkin and Harolds, Clin Nucl Med. 2010;35). Since that article was written the Final Rule has been issued on what constitutes the meaningful use of certain information technology, such ...
Song Priscilla - - 2010
Thousands of patients with incurable neurodegenerative conditions from more than 60 countries have sought fetal cell transplants in China since 2001. Drawing on 24 months of ethnographic fieldwork, I investigate these transnational encounters occurring in the realm of experimental medicine. Critiquing popular notions of "medical tourism," I develop the alternative ...
Floriani Ciroaugusto - - 2010
The purpose of this article is to characterize the notion of a "good death" both historically and conceptually, grounding the philosophy of the modern hospice movement. This concept encompasses elements originating in ancient societies, such as peasant societies, where death was prepared for and shared socially, with ethical and aesthetic ...
Murray John S - - 2010
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center is implementing state-of-the-art technologies in the National Capital Region. In partnership with local and federal entities, advanced simulation and web-based computer training for a broad spectrum of military healthcare professionals will improve healthcare delivery and patient safety for service members and their families. This ...
Nelson Bradley J - - 2010
Microrobots have the potential to revolutionize many aspects of medicine. These untethered, wirelessly controlled and powered devices will make existing therapeutic and diagnostic procedures less invasive and will enable new procedures never before possible. The aim of this review is threefold: first, to provide a comprehensive survey of the technological ...
Zietman Anthony - - 2010
New technologies are constantly being developed and introduced into medical practice. Their potential or actual use raises questions of efficacy and cost. All too often financial considerations of profit primarily determine whether a technology will be adopted. In an era in which the need to control costs has become clear, ...
O'Malley Susanne P - - 2010
The Australian Health Technology Assessment Review has the potential to have a major effect on the availability of new medical technology and the listing of associated medical procedures on the Medicare Benefits Schedule. Despite this, only about 15% of submissions to the Review came from "medical associations". Pharmaceutical and medical ...
Nexon David - - 2010
Health care reform will greatly affect the medical technology industry in both positive and negative ways. Expanded coverage is a modest benefit that will increase demand for products. But the medical device excise tax authorized by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act could have negative effects on research, profits, ...
- - 2010
Some of the measures that EFM personnel can take to further reduce their estates' carbon footprint at a time when pressure to cut energy consumption must be balanced both against the requirement to create the best possible patient environment, and new medical technology that may require substantial energy to operate, ...
Yeung Karen - - 2010
The optimal choice of regulatory approach for securing patient safety is an important problem. In this review article, we show how insights from the field of regulatory studies can provide a conceptual apparatus for analysis of important problems in the regulation of medicine and healthcare. Design-based regulation operates through technical ...
Zhao Junping - - 2010
Data sharing and information exchange among medical institutions is a requirement for convenient and effective data availability for both healthcare professionals and patients. In this paper, the characteristics of medical data are studied; two mainstream technologies of data storage for medical information are compared, and three strategies of medical documents ...
Omre Alf Helge - - 2010
Electronic wireless sensors could cut medical costs by enabling physicians to remotely monitor vital signs such as blood pressure, blood glucose, and blood oxygenation while patients remain at home. According to the IDC report "Worldwide Bluetooth Semiconductor 2008-2012 Forecast," published November 2008, a forthcoming radio frequency communication ("wireless connectivity") standard, ...
Montague Enid E Industrial and Systems Engineering Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA. - - 2010
A patient's trusting attitude towards technology used in their medical care may be a predictor of acceptance or rejection of the technology and, by extension, the physician. The aim of this study was to rigorously determine the validity of an instrument for measuring patients' trust in medical technology. Instrument validity ...
Laferrier Justin Z - - 2010
The boundaries once faced by individuals with amputations are quickly being overcome through biotechnology. Although there are currently no prosthetics capable of replicating anatomic function, there have been radical advancements in prosthetic technology, medical science, and rehabilitation in the past 30 years, vastly improving functional mobility and quality of life ...
Nelson Bret P - - 2011
Background: In field medical operations, rapid diagnosis and triage of seriously injured patients is critical. With significant bulk and cost constraints placed on all equipment, it is important that any medical devices deployed in the field demonstrate high utility, durability, and ease of use. When medical ultrasound was first used ...
Faust Oliver - - 2011
Currently, there is a disparity in the availability of doctors between urban and rural areas of developing countries. Most experienced doctors and specialists, as well as advanced diagnostic technologies, are available in urban areas. People living in rural areas have less or sometimes even no access to affordable healthcare facilities. ...
Bricon-Souf Nathalie - - 2010
Medical e-learning can benefit from the new technologies, and pervasive learning resources and tools worth to be introduced in the medical context. Micro-learning seems to be an interesting way for pervasive learning. But it is still difficult to propose pedagogical resources that are built by learners, from meaningful experiments. We ...
Ling Geoffrey S F - - 2010
The delivery of combat casualty care poses numerous challenges including austere conditions, limited supplies and medical personnel, and multiple simultaneous patients. However, the exigent circumstances of the battlefield compel the development of research and the advancement of adaptive, practical medical technologies to support and sustain military health. In Operation Enduring ...
Hofmann B - - 2009
In a seminal article in the Journal of Medical Ethics, Søren Holm and Tuja Takala analysed two protechnology arguments in bioethics: the hopeful principle and the automatic escalator. They showed how these arguments relate to problematic arguments such as the precautionary principle and the empirical slippery slope argument, and argued ...
Hadders Hans - - 2009
This article explores various ways health personnel enact death in connection with mechanical ventilation treatment withdrawal in the intensive care unit (ICU) at Trondheim University Hospital. The main focus is on sedated terminal patients who undergo mechanical ventilator treatment withdrawal and relatives' presence at this time. Mol's (2002) praxiographic orientation ...
Williams David - - 2009
Biomaterials have evolved over the past decade in response to the need for more sophisticated technologies for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes. We consider here the ways in which biomaterials are changing and the consequences of this for medical technology.
Robertson Diane C - - 2009
ECRI Institute medical technology experts (i.e., biomedical engineers, patient safety experts, physicians, and research scientists) compiled a list of important technology-related issues that executives and clinical leaders at ambulatory care facilities should pay close attention to this year. The list presents several high-profile technologies in the context of the convergence ...
Lehoux Pascale - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine how medical specialists view health technology assessment (HTA) and its role in policy-making. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 28 medical specialists practising in Quebec and Ontario (Canada) to examine their views on an HTA report relevant to their specialty (prostate-specific antigen screening, electroconvulsive therapy and prenatal screening for ...
McCoyd Judith L M - - 2009
The sociology of emotion is rapidly evolving and has implications for medical settings. Advancing medical technologies create new contexts for decision-making and emotional reaction that are framed by "feeling rules." Feeling rules guide not only behavior, but also how one believes one should feel, thereby causing one to attempt to ...
Licona Fabiola Mart??nez - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The role of biomedical engineers (BMEs) has changed widely over the years, from managing a group of technicians to the planning of large installations and the management of medical technology countrywide. As the technology has advanced, the competence of BMEs has been challenged because it is no longer possible ...
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