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Results 401 - 450 of 641
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Levenstein S - - 1996
In the last 20 years, patient autonomy has vastly increased and a "well-being" movement has flourished, with great benefits but with definite drawbacks as well. Exaggeration of the individual's potential for prevention and self-healing can foster a crude psychological reductionism that hampers potential for subtle etiologic understanding and may weaken ...
- - 1996
In the United States, family violence (e.g., intimate partner violence, child abuse, and elder abuse) is a well-documented social and public health problem that physicians are uniquely positioned to play a crucial role in addressing. However, few schools of medicine or residency training programs provide substantial attention to family violence ...
King R L - - 1996
Examination room utilization in U.S. academic practices has not generally included clinical space used in the teaching of medicine. The lack of planning guidelines at some medical schools for examination room space may have them operating inefficiently by as much as 50 percent or 60 percent. Not having guidelines may ...
MacLeod S M - - 1996
Although medical schools traditionally rest on the "three-legged stool" of research, education and service, it may often seem to the outsider that research is ascendant. In the past 50 years, medical schools' research success has been abundant; they are often most secure in contemplating their indispensable role in this domain. ...
Rothman M - - 1996
The concept of "Fear of Success" was measured with 352 male and female business students using the prompt, After first term finals, Ann(John) finds her(him)self at the top of her(his) Medical/Nursing school class. Analysis indicated a greater frequency of fear-of-success imagery among men than women and in particular to the ...
Welshman J - - 1996
Historians who have examined physical education (PE) have rarely related PE to its wider social context. This article considers the development of PE in elementary schools in England and Wales between 1907 and 1939, and locates PE within the wider history of the School Medical Service. From 1907, local authorities ...
Kanter S L - - 1996
Quality in the design and management of a medical school education program depends on the ability to access and analyze relevant information in a timely fashion. The components of medical-education information system should support learning and instruction as well as the administrative and research responsibilities of the program. A system ...
Baldwin D C DC - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Although there have been a number of studies of cheating in universities, surprisingly little has appeared recently in the literature regarding academic dishonesty among medical students. METHOD: To assess the prevalence of cheating in medical schools across the country, class officers at 31 of 40 schools contacted distributed a ...
Jones R F - - 1996
This is the report of a study undertaken by the Association of America n Medical Colleges to estimate the total amount of clinical revenues that are used to support the academic mission of U.S. medical schools. The study was prompted by an awareness that recent market-driven changes in health care ...
Froom J D - - 1996
The need for information about medical schools' efforts to allow faculty who wish to remain fully academic but work less than full time has been growing steadily. Building on the AAMC's 1993-94 survey of faculty appointment and tenure policies, in 1994 the authors surveyed 102 U.S. and Canadian medical schools ...
Foster H W HW - - 1996
This article assesses the extent to which under-represented minorities are entering medical school and whether the gap between them and other ethnic groups is narrowing. The issues of genesis of the problem, rationale for redress, assessment of current status, and mechanisms for reaching parity are examined. The current status of ...
Ito H - - 1996
In this study, substances of air pollution (NO3-, SO4(2-)) which were collected from the surface of the Japanese cedar flowering parts and pollens in one mountainous and two urban areas were measured by ion chromatography monthly from November '87 to March of '88 and '90 to '91. A questionnaire study ...
Ali M - - 1996
The Hyderabad Medical School which came into existence in 1846 A.D. was the fore-runner of Osmania Medical College. The medium of instruction was Urdu the degree was Hakeem. Last two decades of nineteenth century was the glorious period of this school. Seventh and the last Nizam of Hyderabad Nawab Mir ...
Meyer-Junghänel L - - 1995
Between 1985 and 1993 120 boys with distal hypospadias (from distal penile shaft to glandular position) were treated using Mathieu's procedure at the department of pediatric surgery, Hannover Medical School, Germany. The outcome of these cases has been analysed. Fistula-rate was 12.5%. Results are compared with published reports, recent developments ...
Deuschle K W - - 1995
The authors examine for relevance and current application what was learned in the building and progress of community medicine at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, from 1968 to 1993. They look back on their twenty-five years' approach to service development, research and education in this field, as they worked ...
Murray T J - - 1995
As health care changes under the pressures of restraint and constraint our vision of the future of medical education should be based on the medical school's responsibility to the community. The medical school is "an academy in the community": as an academy, it fosters the highest standards in education and ...
Fitzpatrick K M - - 1995
Retention is a critical problem in medical school education. We report here on research that examined gender differences in attrition rates between 1973 and 1992. Using secondary data compiled from the annual reports on undergraduate education published in JAMA, both descriptive and inferential analyses of medical school attrition rates were ...
Doad G J - - 1995
One hundred junior doctors were asked to complete a questionnaire about the training they had received in the use of problem lists. A questionnaire was sent about the training in the use of problems lists at their medical school to the Deans in all 27 British medical schools. Of the ...
Barzansky B B Division of Undergraduate Medical Education, American Medical Association, Chicago, IL 60610, - - 1995
This is a time of considerable uncertainty about the future of medical education. There are threats to medical school finances from state and federal levels. While medical schools derive only an average of about 11% of total revenues from state and local sources, these funds potentially give states the basis ...
Franke J - - 1995
It happened at Yale, Harvard, and Johns Hopkins for the first time in the histories of those prestigious medical schools last fall. Now the trend has reached Texas. This September, Women in Medicine Month, women will outnumber men in the first-year class at The University of Texas-Houston Medical School. As ...
Brody Howard - - 1995
Knight has shown how the moral growth of medical students involves a spiritual journey. He may, however, present too sanguine a portrayal of the extent to which the medical education environment promotes this moral and spiritual growth. Medical school may indeed be more abusive than supportive. Admitting more women to ...
Falsetti A B - - 1995
Discriminant functions designed for the determination of sex from metacarpal measurements are presented. Three samples of metacarpal specimens were employed in the analysis; one consisting of 212 individuals from the Terry Collection, one of 33 individuals from the Royal Free Medical School in London, and finally, 40 individuals from the ...
Lillard L A - - 1995
Married couples who began their relationship by cohabiting appear to face an increased risk of marital dissolution, which may be due to self-selection of more dissolution-prone individuals into cohabitation before marriage. This paper uses newly developed econometric methods to explicitly address the endogeneity of cohabitation before marriage in the hazard ...
Ammons S W - - 1995
In 1994, the AAMC surveyed the 126 U.S. medical schools to obtain data on live-animal use in the undergraduate medical curriculum. The questions focused entirely on the use of live animals in teaching laboratories that are either required or optional parts of the undergraduate medical curriculum. Seventy-seven of the 125 ...
Hamilton J D - - 1995
This paper focuses largely on describing the accreditation system recently instituted for medical schools in Australia. Features of the system include evaluation of medical schools in terms of their own objectives and emphasis on the accreditation process as a consultation rather than an inspection. Steps in the accreditation process are ...
Haurani F I - - 1995
The highlights of this commentary may be recapitulated as follows: First, an attempt has been made to emphasize the merits of having medical education as a continuous process after high school under the complete control of medical schools, i.e., incorporating pre-medical into medical education. Second, to restructure the departments of ...
Boelen C - - 1995
With Health for All as a social goal and a reference point, medical schools must create new alliances within the health sector and with other sectors bearing on health. The future role and responsibility of the medical school should reflect the likely essential features of the future health system and ...
Ernst E - - 1995
Misguided by the notion that the decline of the German race would be prevented by purifying "Aryan blood" and eliminating foreign, particularly Jewish, influences, the Nazis evicted all Jews from universities within their growing empire during the Third Reich. The Medical Faculty of Vienna suffered more than any other European ...
Sia C C - - 1995
The medical home plays a critical role on the interprofessional team to improve school readiness of children before they enter primary school. School readiness and optimal health require a combination of medical care with health and social services both to prevent and to improve the effects of negative conditions. Hawaii ...
Ryten E - - 1995
Since the early '80s, and especially since the publication in 1991 of Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada (the Barer-Stoddart Report), received wisdom has been that there is an oversupply of physicians in Canada and that medical school enrollment should be cut. In a CMAJ article published July 1, ...
Woods L A - - 1995
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective survey of the incidence of positive scoliosis screenings in schools for the hearing impaired was performed. OBJECTIVES: The incidence rate of scoliosis in a population with a high incidence of vestibular dysfunction was compared with the national normative incidence rate. The comparison was done to investigate ...
Kaufman B - - 1995
For several decades, unconfirmed rumours have suggested that prowess at rugby can help in securing a place at certain medical schools. It is a fact that most medical schools can field at least one team of rugby players with their attendants. After qualification, however, active participation in the game (of ...
Bhrolchain C - - 1995
There is an ongoing debate about the relative value of selective vs routine entrant medicals. This paper describes a districtwide study of entrant medicals using the tracer method to assess the prevalence and detection rates of problems at school entry. Overall 57% of school entrants were selected for a medical ...
Leff S - - 1995
Whilst there have been many reported assessments of selective medicals at 5+ school entry, there is a dearth of publications on the value of selected medical review at secondary transfer age. It was decided to evaluate this within the South Downs Health Trust. The team of child health doctors was ...
Jay S J - - 1995
PURPOSE: To determine the extent and trends of cooperation in continuing medical education (CME) between community teaching hospitals and medical schools in the United States. METHOD: A questionnaire was sent in September 1992 to the directors of CME at 276 teaching hospital members of the Association for Hospital Medical Education ...
Rudge F W - - 1995
Although safe, civil aviation can result in some unique medical problems. Most physicians are not familiar with aviation-related medical problems. One such problem, decompression sickness, is not mentioned in most medical texts, and is not included in most medical school instruction. If not promptly recognized and treated, decompression sickness can ...
Goldberger M - - 1995
This paper on the four-year analysis of a five-year-old girl with a school phobia details the playroom enactments of medical trauma and its sequelae. Early in the analysis the patient expressed herself almost exclusively through play. Gradually she connected her conflicts, including those over her compulsive masturbation, to her hospital ...
Jackson R B - - 1994
Willard Carver was a pioneer in chiropractic education who founded seven schools, and ardent legislative leader in Oklahoma, who later suffered indignation from authorities that brought him to the Senate's bar of justice, was convicted and sent to jail. How this episode fostered defeat by a referendum petition of a ...
Boyd K M - - 1994
What implications on medical schools have HIV infection and AIDS, as the schools reshape their curricula to meet the General Medical Council's new requirements? (General Medical Council 1993). A recent Institute of Medical Ethics' (IME) enquiry suggests: (1) that each medical school should have a specific policy to coordinate teaching ...
Wiebers D O - - 1994
Increasing public and regulatory agency concern about a variety of animal protection issues that affect the field of medicine have made these issues increasingly relevant to medical school curricula. The purpose of this study was to assess the availability and forms of medical school training relating to ethical, conceptual, and ...
Barnaud A - - 1994
In September 1992, the first College Programme of Medical Illustration in Paris began at the Ecole Supérieure des Arts et Industries Graphiques Estienne. There had previously been only one College of Medical Illustration in France-founded in 1969 in Strasbourg. Paris, at the centre of the French scientific and medical environment, ...
Jonas H S HS Division of Undergraduate Medical Education, American Medical Association, Chicago, Ill - - 1994
From the data on faculty, students, and curriculum, is it possible to identify any responses to actual or anticipated health system changes? While one could foresee medical school downsizing in response to a potentially more competitive environment in which income from faculty practice would be reduced, what has occurred, on ...
Essex-Sorlie D - - 1994
This report presents (1) a brief history and summary of the Americans with Disabilities Act and (2) an extensive section of definitions and explanations of key components--such as disability, qualified individual with a disability, reasonable accommodation, and undue hardship--and their relevance to medical schools. While these definitions are numerous and ...
Zwi A B AB Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of - - 1994
Curricular reform in the education of medical students is highlighted within the context of changing patterns of provision of health care. A number of industrialised countries' medical schools have accepted that they have a 'social contract' to respond to the health needs of the populations they serve. Such a contract, ...
Benson G S - - 1994
In 1956, 99% of all medical schools required a clinical rotation through urology during year 3 or 4. By 1978 this percentage had decreased to 48% and currently it is only 38%. In addition, an estimated 10 to 15% of medical school graduates have never been exposed to urology (no ...
Steenkamp J W JW Department of Urology, Tygerberg - - 1994
Over a 12-month period, 120 consecutive male patients with confirmed urethral stricture were prospectively studied with regard to the epidemiology of the disease. Specific urethritis is the main aetiological factor (45%) and internal and external trauma account for an alarming 38.3% of cases. The prevalence is highest among 40-50-year-old coloured ...
Bolton P - - 1994
To replace the conventional school medical, a new system of screening school entrants by the school nurse was introduced in the Canterbury and Thanet health district, writes Pauline Bolton. The system has been shown to be satisfactory for the children and their parents, to increase the school nurse's job satisfaction ...
Breimer L H - - 1994
Unequal access to higher medical degrees, which are important for career advancement, is a problem that is likely to plague UK medicine as integration within Europe proceeds. This paper analyses the characteristics of M.D.s at the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine and proposes a solution of creating a common ...
Richardson E P EP - - 1994
Few institutions have shaped neuropathology as a discipline as profoundly as Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Harvard Medical School. Their fascination over many decades is due to a unique accumulation of excellent, intellectually stimulating neurologists with a sincere interest in the morphologic and pathogenetic basis of nervous system diseases. Their ...
Friedman R H - - 1994
Academic departments of family medicine and divisions of general internal medicine and general pediatrics exist in the majority of medical schools in the United States and have important roles in generalist medical education. The major organizational issues facing these units concern institutional influence, faculty development, role in medical education, research ...
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