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Kuhl Heather N HN Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, - - 2014
Head injuries are responsible for the majority of serious equestrian sports injuries and deaths. Because of significant health risks to equestrians, education regarding the prevention of head and brain injuries is essential. A significant number of riders have experienced a concussion, and few have knowledge of concussion. Cross-sectional study. Level ...
Breeze John J Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Birmingham Research Park, Birmingham, - - 2014
Protecting the neck from explosively propelled fragments has traditionally been achieved through a collar attached to the ballistic vest. An Enhanced Protection Under Body Armour Combat Shirt (EP-UBACS) collar has been identified as an additional method of providing neck protection but limited evidence as to its potential medical effectiveness exists ...
Eibling David D University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Patient injury due to medical error continues to plague health care delivery. Efforts to eliminate errors or mitigate their effects have largely been thwarted, despite enormous investments of human and financial resources. A survey published in this issue of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery on the status of medical error in ...
Hoencamp Rigo R Department of Surgery, Leiden University Medical Centre, K6-50, Albinusdreef 2, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC, Leiden, The Netherlands, - - 2014
To improve care for the injured service member, we have analyzed battle casualty patterns and mechanisms. This study is the first documented report of wounding patterns and mechanisms of battle casualties treated at the Dutch role 2 enhanced medical treatment facility at the multi-national base Tarin Kowt, Uruzgan, Afghanistan. Participants ...
Shane Tubbs R R Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children's of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama; Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George's University, - - 2014
The study of human anatomy has traditionally served as a fundamental component in the basic science education of medical students, yet there exists a remarkable lack of firm guidance on essential features that must be included in a gross anatomy course, which would constitute a "Core Syllabus" of absolutely mandatory ...
Coelho Daniel H DH Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, - - 2013
Objective: Citation classics have traditionally been defined in the smaller medical specialties as any article published in a peer-reviewed journal that has received 100 or more citations from other articles also published in peer-reviewed journals. This study aims to determine patterns of citation classics changes in the medical field Otorhinolaryngology ...
Dillow Geoff G MGPS - - 2013
In an article in the April 2013 issue of Health Estate Journal, Geoff Dillow, a former head of training at the forerunner to Eastwood Park, the Hospital Engineering Centre, addressed the roles and responsibilities of personnel involved in the operation and management of medical gas pipeline systems (MGPS). In this ...
Lee Yong-Moon - - 2013
Neurointervention which deals with neurovascular disease in brain, head-and-neck and spines are one of the rapidly evolving medical fields. Several indices representing neurointerventional activities are still increasing year-by-year in Korea. We review current trend in major neurovascular diseases requiring usage of specific medical devices and some issues related to administrative ...
Ambekar Dhanashree - - 2013
This paper presents a prototype of a wireless, point-of-care medical device to measure head impacts in contact or collision sports. The device is currently capable of measuring linear acceleration, time, and the duration of impact. The location of the impact can also be recorded by scaling the prototype design to ...
Beynon Christopher - - 2013
Antiplatelet therapy for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases is common in the ageing population. Whether this therapy exacerbates brain injury after head trauma is an important, but unsettled, topic. In this issue of Critical Care, Fabbri and colleagues address the question of whether pre-injury intake of antiplatelet medication increases the ...
Lovasova Kvetuse - - 2013
A major key to increasing the safety of cranial surgery is a thorough understanding of anatomy. The anatomy of the head is of fundamental interest to dental and medical students early in their studies. Clinically, it is mostly relevant to surgeons who are performing interventions and reconstruction in the maxillofacial ...
Song Jie - - 2013
The main goal of this study is to examine the distributions of illness conditions and resulting medical expenditures and their associated factors. To achieve this goal, an in-house survey was conducted in August of 2012 in rural Beijing, the capital city of China. The survey was conducted in Nanjianchang and ...
Dohm Christoph P - - 2013
'Dropped head sign' relates to a severe disproportionate antecollis in parkinsonism. We present the first report of a rotigotine-induced dropped head sign in a patient with suspected idiopathic Parkinson's disease, which was later defined as multiple system atrophy. The 'dropped head sign' is considered a rare symptom of unknown etiology ...
Bosmia Anand N AN Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2013
On September 23, 2012, the television program Taboo on the National Geographic Channel featured individuals in Tokyo undergoing the "bagel head" cosmetic modification. Dermatologists may encounter patients who undergo the bagel head procedure and subsequently present with a cutaneous infection. The purpose of this article is to delineate the bagel ...
Ullah Midrar - - 2013
To identify competencies for medical librarians and get these validated from head librarians and employers. The survey method was used. A structured questionnaire, listing 84 competency statements, covering eight areas, prepared after extensive literature review, expert scrutiny and pilot testing, using a 5-point Likert scale was distributed among the head ...
Wang Jay Ching Chieh - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is a need to find an animal model to study new medications to improve mucosal wound healing after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Current literature suggests swine as a potential candidate. The lack of information correlating swine computer tomography (CT) and endoscopic sinonasal anatomy prompted us to investigate ...
Ford Jonathan B - - 2012
Amphetamine-derived medications are being prescribed with increasing frequency to younger pediatric patients to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Although choreiform movements were reported in adults with amphetamine abuse and in those under therapeutic treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, previous literature concerning the pediatric population is spare. We describe two ...
Kelly John B JB - - 2012
The patient-parent-physician relationship is central to studying medical ethics in pediatric dermatology. The rights of children in medical decision making are ambiguous, and parents and physicians will often override the autonomy of a child when a particular treatment is deemed to be in the child's best interest. The use of ...
Carbone Peter N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of medical management for deep neck abscesses in children. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed and Embase databases accessed 3/27/2012. REVIEW METHODS: An a priori protocol defining inclusion and exclusion criteria was developed to identify all articles addressing medical therapy of pediatric ...
Walensky Loren D - - 2012
Loren D Walensky is an Associate Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School, faculty member in the Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Children's Hospital Boston, and Medical Director of Dana-Farber's Program in Cancer Chemical Biology. He graduated as valedictorian from Princeton University in 1990, majoring in Chemistry and ...
Marino Bradley S - - 2012
The goal of this statement was to review the available literature on surveillance, screening, evaluation, and management strategies and put forward a scientific statement that would comprehensively review the literature and create recommendations to optimize neurodevelopmental outcome in the pediatric congenital heart disease (CHD) population. A writing group appointed by ...
Williams David M - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To identify and investigate the barriers and enablers perceived by paramedics regarding the administration of analgesia to pediatric emergency medical services (EMS) patients. Methods. This was a qualitative study in which in-depth semistructured interviews of a purposively-sampled group of 16 paramedics were performed before achieving redundancy. The interviews ...
Bailes Amy F - - 2012
BackgroundLimited information is available regarding physical therapy (PT) use for individuals with cerebral palsy (CP).ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of GMFCS level, age, race, gender and type of insurance with the total physical therapy units received over a one year period for individuals with CP ...
Stultz Jeremy S - - 2012
Accurate and informed prescribing is essential to ensure the safe and effective use of medications in pediatric patients. Computerized clinical decision support (CCDS) functionalities have been embedded into computerized physician order entry systems with the aim of ensuring accurate and informed medication prescribing. Owing to a lack of comprehensive analysis ...
Alexander Melody - - 2012
Background Research has shown that short-and long-term effects can result from stressful or invasive medical procedures performed on children in the radiology department. Short-term effects for the pediatric patient include pain, anxiety, crying, and lack of cooperation. The patient's parents also may experience short-term effects, including elevated anxiety and increased ...
Lee Grace J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To examine gender differences in medical therapy and clinical outcomes in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS:: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of children with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) using data from the ImproveCareNow Network collected between May 2007 and May 2010. Clinical remission, ...
Bruce Katie - - 2012
Chemotherapy errors are the second leading cause of mortality related to medication errors. Most medication errors occur in the provider ordering process. We evaluated the rate of chemotherapy ordering errors in our center and designed an intervention to decrease the rate of ordering errors. The intervention focused on direct confidential ...
Koh Jeffrey L - - 2012
Despite advances in antiepileptic medication therapy, a significant number of pediatric patients with epilepsy have seizures that are not well controlled. This article provides anesthesiologists with an overview of seizures in the pediatric population, including evaluation, medical treatment, surgical options, and the anesthetic implications of caring for this special population.
Gamulin Axel - - 2012
: Major natural disasters may provoke a mass casualty situation, and children tend to represent an important proportion of the victims. The purpose of this study was to prospectively record medical conditions presented by pediatric survivors of a major natural disaster to determine the type of medical specialists most needed ...
Schilling Joshua P - - 2012
With the introduction and approval of several new asthma controller medications for pediatric use, the risk-benefit ratio of these medications has not been fully evaluated. To determine whether physiologic pulmonary measurements are superior to other measures in evaluating outcomes and to determine whether asthmatic children have a higher risk of ...
Thorp Brian D - - 2012
Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) is a subtype of eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) characterized by type I hypersensitivity, nasal polyposis, characteristic computed tomography scan findings, eosinophilic mucus, and the presence of fungus on surgical specimens without evidence of tissue invasion. This refractory subtype of CRS is of the great interest in ...
Lasky Tamar - - 2012
Background:The wide need for analgesia, anesthesia, and sedation in children and the lack of pediatric labeling leads to widespread off-label use of medications for pain and sedation in children. Any attempt to address the lack of labeling will require national estimates of the numbers of children using each medication, their ...
Yin H Shonna - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Poor quality and variability of medication labeling have been cited as key contributors to medication misuse. We assessed the format and content of labels and materials packaged with common pediatric liquid nonprescription medications. METHODS: Descriptive study. A total of 200 top-selling pediatric oral liquid nonprescription medications (during the 52 ...
Meguerdichian Michael J - - 2012
The Broselow tape provides clinical providers with a method of quickly estimating medications and airway adjuncts for pediatric patients. However, since the development of the Broselow tape, there has remained a controversy over the accuracy of the tape for estimating weight to determine pediatric resuscitation needs. Using multiple search engines, ...
Heydarian Cyrus - - 2012
As the field of pediatric hospital medicine has evolved, pediatric hospitalists have become increasingly involved in medical student and resident education - providing direct education during clinical rotations, developing novel curricula to meet the demands of the new educational environment, occupying leadership roles in medical education, and more. The literature ...
Kendrick Jennifer G - - 2012
At the time of this study, the authors' pediatric tertiary care hospital had no policy to guide actions when a child vomited after ingesting oral medication, and limited information was available in the literature. To characterize this clinical problem at the study hospital, to identify current practices related to redosing ...
Philp Julie C - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use for pediatric asthma is increasing. The authors of previous studies linked CAM use with decreased adherence to conventional asthma medicines; however, these studies were limited by cross-sectional design. Our objective was to assess the effect of starting CAM on pediatric adherence with ...
del Rosario Mary Anne - - 2013
Combination inhaled asthma medications containing corticosteroids and long-acting beta-adrenergic (LABA) agents are generally well tolerated, although a small minority of children receiving them may develop side-effects. Herein is reported a case of a 9-year-old boy who developed insomnia, pressured speech, agitation, and suicidal ideation within the 1st month after initiating ...
Leavey Patrick J - - 2012
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) established new duty hour recommendations for pediatric subspecialty trainees in July 2011. Short-term and long-term implications to Pediatric Hematology/Oncology (PHO) are reviewed. Other modifications have been introduced by the ACGME and the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) in the last decade, including ...
Doherty Catherine - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Tenfold medication errors are a significant source of risk to pediatric patients. This may be because of wide variations in age, weight, dosing ranges, and off-label practices, but few studies exclusively devoted to examining pediatric 10-fold error have identified the circumstances and mechanisms that lead to such errors. ...
Gill Fenella - - 2012
Purpose.  This study examined nurses' reported compliance with the medication administration protocol and explored reasons for noncompliance. Design and Method.  A mixed-methods design incorporated a questionnaire (n= 72) and focus groups (n= 24). Results.  Differences were found between the level of experience and protocol compliance. Noncompliance was widespread in the ...
Brewer Justin - - 2012
The University of Mississippi Medical Center has initiated a state-of-the-art fetal center. This project involves collaboration between multiple disciplines including anesthesiology, pediatric surgery, maternal-fetal medicine, radiology, neonatology, genetics, pediatric cardiology and other pediatric subspecialties, nursing, and social work. Complicated fetal patients from throughout the southeastern U.S.A. may be referred to ...
Rauch Daniel A - - 2012
The review and verification of credentials and the granting of clinical privileges are required of every hospital to ensure that members of the medical staff are competent and qualified to provide specified levels of patient care. The credentialing process involves the following: (1) assessment of the professional and personal background ...
Chang Lydia - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To report on the medical treatments used for pediatric glaucomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: A retrospective case series consisting of reviewing the medical notes of pediatric glaucoma patients under the care of the Glaucoma Service at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust. The medical notes of 200 patients were selected. ...
Ibrahim George M - - 2012
Epilepsy is a common childhood condition associated with a considerable medical and psychosocial burden. Children in whom medical treatment fails to reduce seizure burden represent an especially vulnerable patient population because prolonged, uncontrolled seizures are associated with poor developmental and neurocognitive outcomes. Surgical treatment in the form of cortical resection, ...
Freedman Rebecca B - - 2012
To assess glaucoma medication adherence in children, hypothesizing that poor parental health literacy and eye drop instillation by the child are associated with worse adherence. This prospective, observational study enrolled pediatric patients with glaucoma who were prescribed eye drops. Parent(s) reported who was responsible for eye drop instillation (parent vs ...
Harrison Joyce Nolan - - 2012
The Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of antipsychotic medications in some children and adolescents with severe emotional and behavioral disorders. However, recent national data show a dramatic rise in off-label and Food and Drug Administration-approved uses of these medications. Of particular note is a twofold to fivefold ...
Hall-Patch Lyndsey - - 2012
The article presents results of a UK survey of pediatric neurologists' views regarding resective surgery for medically refractory epilepsies in children. In contrast to surveys with adult neurologists, the findings indicate that delays to surgery in the pediatric field are not likely to be due to clinicians' views. There is, ...
Lopez Keila N - - 2012
Obesity is pandemic in Western society. Currently, approximately 100 million Americans are overweight (body mass index >25 kg/m(2) ) or obese (body mass index >30 kg/m(2) ). The pandemic is largely attributable to the relatively recent (from an evolutionary perspective) adoption of a sedentary lifestyle, coupled with the high availability of foods ...
Zuñiga Julie Ann - - 2012
To review the literature on medication adherence for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in Hispanics. Improving adherence to medication regimen could reduce the likelihood of further tuberculosis resistance. A literature review searched for studies of medication adherence in Hispanics in the United States. Data on study purpose, design, population description, method ...
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