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Tzeng Chii-Ruey - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We aimed to define endometrial pattern and endometrial thickness in predicting the outcome of early medical abortion. STUDY DESIGN: While blinded to outcomes of abortion, we retrospectively reviewed the ultrasound scan performed 14-21 days after medical abortion. We assessed the endometrial pattern and endometrial thickness. A total of 943 ...
Sairanen Tiina - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The benefits of prophylactic carotid endarterectomy (CEA) together with best medical treatment (BMT) are well-established. Early initiation of proper medical treatment reduces the risk of new strokes as waiting periods for CEA operation can be considerably long. We investigated: (1) preoperative medical treatment of CEA patients at our hospital ...
van Loon I N - - 2011
The differential diagnosis of spells is broad and includes both innocent and life-threatening conditions with a considerable overlap in clinical presentation. Extensive diagnostic testing is often performed, without reaching a final diagnosis, or resulting in false-positives. A thorough medical history, including family history and medication, and physical examination are required ...
Hoang Lisa - - 2011
The Medical Students, Cancer Control, and the Deaf Community Training program (DCT) intended to create physicians who were culturally competent to care for deaf patients were evaluated. DCT medical students (n = 22), UCSD medical faculty (n = 131), and non-DCT medical students (n = 211) were anonymously surveyed about ...
Jones Francesca M E - - 2011
Background: This pilot study explored factors associated with stress in medical students during their initial clinical contact with cancer patients, in particular identifying stress levels and coping strategies used. Methods: A total of 80 medical students at The University of Birmingham Medical School, UK, completed retrospective self-report questionnaires measuring socio-demographics, ...
Singh Shrawan K - - 2011
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Current knowledge on the subject of "medical stone management" is available in fractionated form. This study is a comprehensive and critical review of the literature and provides up-to-date information on the subject in concise and precise manner. The study ...
Krupat Edward - - 2011
To obtain an accurate and detailed portrait of medical students' principal clinical year using firsthand accounts of their experiences over the course of the year. All 45 Harvard Medical School students at four clinical sites who were training in 2005-2006 under three different pedagogical models provided open-ended responses to a ...
Schwind Cathy J - - 2011
During the transition from medical school to internship, trainees experience high levels of stress related to pages on the inpatient wards. The steep learning curve during this period may also affect patient safety. The authors piloted the use of simulated pages to improve medical student preparedness, decrease stress related to ...
- - 2010
Medical Student Debt - Is There a Limit? Perspective, N Engl J Med 2008;359:2629-2632. In the seventh paragraph, beginning "Although it usually . . ." (page 2630), "Baylor University" should have been "Baylor College of Medicine." We regret the error. The article has been corrected at NEJM.org.
Riska Elianne - - 2011
The concerns about physicians' career advancement tend to be raised in gender terms, because women presently constitute close to and will soon form a majority of the medical students in most western societies. The question is to what extent female and male medical students and residents today make similar or ...
Donaldson Thomas M - - 2010
Discussion of real cases encountered by medical students has been advocated as a component of medical ethics education. Suggested benefits include: a focus on the actual problems that medical students confront; active learner involvement; and facilitation of an exploration of the meaning of their own values in relation to professional ...
Mandal Niraj - - 2011
Background:  To measure the ease of use and performance of the Optyse lens-free ophthalmoscope compared with the standard Keeler pocket ophthalmoscope, and to assess its suitability as an inexpensive ophthalmoscope for medical students. Design:  Randomized cross-over study. Participants:  Twenty second-year medical students, 10 as ophthalmoscopists ('observers') and 10 as 'patients'. ...
Stephens Mary M - - 2011
A growing public health concern over the increasing prevalence of adolescent overweight and obesity and 2007 Expert Committee recommendations on child and adolescent overweight and obesity prompted a performance improvement project at 9 school-based health centers (SBHCs) in Delaware. Body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure measurements were assessed for ...
Akhanda A H - - 2010
This study is done to find out the refractive status of medical students of Mymensingh Medical College (MMC), Mymensingh, Bangladesh. They are of the age of 17-19 years. This is a nonrandom purposive cross sectional study done at late part of the November 2008. Visual acuity estimation, automated refraction, streak ...
O'Rourke Margaret - - 2010
It is well recognised that medical training can be extremely stressful and that high stress is a risk factor for a wide range of psychological and health-related consequences. The primary aims of this study were to introduce the Medical Student Stress Profile (MSSP) and to demonstrate its psychometric quality as ...
Brazeau Chantal M L R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Medical student burnout is prevalent, and there has been much discussion about burnout and professionalism in medical education and the clinical learning environment. Yet, few studies have attempted to explore relationships between those issues using validated instruments. METHOD: Medical students were surveyed at the beginning of their fourth year ...
McQueen Daniel S - - 2010
Dose calculation errors can cause serious life-threatening clinical incidents. We designed eDrugCalc as an online self-assessment tool to develop and evaluate calculation skills among medical students. We undertook a prospective uncontrolled study involving 1727 medical students in years 1-5 at the University of Edinburgh. Students had continuous access to eDrugCalc ...
Farry Patrick - - 2010
To report the development of the first Rural Medical Immersion Programme (RMIP) of the University of Otago in New Zealand. We review medical education trends and challenges for educating New Zealand's doctors and recruiting them to careers in rural practice. We describe key features of the RMIP developed in response ...
Zarebczan Barbara B Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53792-7375, - - 2011
In July 2003, an 80-h work wk was initiated for residents across the United States, with the potential benefit of improving resident quality of life. Using a survey of medical students, we evaluated whether this change increased medical students' interest in pursuing a career in surgery. Surveys were administered to ...
Wilder Venis - - 2010
Currently, a gap of more than $135,000 separates the median annual subspecialist income from that of a primary care physician, yielding a $3.5 million difference in expected income over a lifetime. These income disparities dissuade medical students from selecting primary care and should be addressed to ensure sufficient patient access ...
López-Roig Sofía - - 2010
Over the last decade, family medicine has been progressively rejected by medical students as a career choice in many Western countries. Our objective is to contribute to a better understanding of this phenomenon by examining the reputation of and identification processes with family medicine by medical students. A qualitative case ...
Dyrbye Liselotte N - - 2010
The relationship between professionalism and distress among medical students is unknown. To determine the relationship between measures of professionalism and burnout among US medical students. Cross-sectional survey of all medical students attending 7 US medical schools (overall response rate, 2682/4400 [61%]) in the spring of 2009. The survey included the ...
Bagri Anita S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain medical students' perspectives on geriatrics. DESIGN: Interpretative phenomenological analysis. SETTING: An allopathic, Liaison Committee on Medical Education-accredited, former Donald W. Reynolds Foundation grant recipient, U.S. medical school. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty fourth-year medical students who completed geriatric educational activities in all 4 years of medical school. MEASUREMENTS: Two researchers ...
Hawthorne Lesleyanne - - 2010
To investigate the potential contribution of international medical students at Australian universities to the Australian medical workforce. A prospective survey in 2006-2007 of 619 international medical students in their final 2 years of undergraduate- and graduate-entry medical courses across eight Australian universities, followed by a 2009 survey of 88 international ...
Friedman Erica - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the extent of restrictions to medical student documentation in patients' records and the opinions of medical education leaders about such restrictions' impact on medical student education and patient care. METHOD: Education deans (n = 126) of medical schools in the United States and Canada were surveyed to ...
Gray-Winnett Misty D - - 2010
To decrease the amount of pharmaceuticals present in our community's water supply, reduce the accidental and intentional ingestion of pharmaceuticals, and increase awareness of proper medication disposal. Knoxville, TN, from November 2008 to November 2009. Medication and thermometer collection events were held at various community retail establishments. Community officials and ...
Conti C Richard - - 2010
As a medical student I, along with my classmates, learned the coagulation cascade. Later, in 1968 when I passed my internal medicine boards and was on my way to becoming a cardiologist, I thought that was the last I had to remember that complicated series of events and the drugs ...
Chourdakis Michael - - 2010
Medical students represent not only the final but also the most crucial opportunity for education in the field of healthy lifestyles and nutritional habits. Eating habits and obesity indices among medical students in southern Greece were described almost a decade ago. However, there is a lack of current, relevant data ...
Siddiqui Qamar A - - 2010
To investigate the prevalence of red-green color vision deficiency (CVD) among medical and dental students compared with non-medical students. This descriptive, cross-sectional study compared the prevalence of CVD between medical and non-medical Pakistani students. A total of 926 medical and dental students from Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan were compared ...
Roh Myoung-Sun - - 2010
PURPOSE: This nationwide cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence, possible risk factors, and impact of depression among Korean medical students. METHOD: Of all medical students (14,095) registered in 41 medical schools in 2006 in South Korea, 7,357 (52.2%) completed the survey. Depression was measured using the patient-rated version of the Mini ...
Takeuchi Yuto - - 2010
Since smoking is implicated in many diseases, medical professionals are expected to contribute to the reduction of smoking rates in their practice. Medical students are also expected to learn the importance of practical measures against smoking. This study surveyed the smoking rates and attitudes to smoking among medical students of ...
Poyrazo─člu Serpil - - 2010
This investigation was performed in order to determine the prevalence rate of waterpipe smoking in students of Erciyes University and the effects of some socio-demographic factors. A total of 645 students who study the first three grades of the medical faculty and the engineering faculty of Erciyes University were enrolled ...
Raszka William V WV - - 2010
Medical students highly value a learning environment in which they feel part of the health care team, their views are valued, and they make significant contributions to the care of patients.An orientation that includes an enthusiastic welcome, an opportunity to get to know from where the students have come and ...
Creed Peter A - - 2010
In the context of doctor shortages and mal-distributions in many Western countries, prestige and lifestyle friendliness have emerged as significant factors for medical students when they choose a medical specialty. In this study, we surveyed two samples of Australian medical students and had them rank 19 medical specialties for prestige ...
Minen Mia T - - 2010
Physicians who are insufficiently prepared to make choices on antibiotic selection may use antibiotics inappropriately. We surveyed medical students' perceptions and attitudes about their training on antimicrobial use to identify gaps in medical education. Medical students at an urban medical school in the northeast were e-mailed a link to an ...
Issa Baba A - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at estimating the prevalence and associated factors of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) among medical students in a University in the North-Central State of Nigeria. PMDD is the severest form of premenstrual symptoms and is associated with impairment of social and role functioning. METHODS: A cross-sectional study ...
Roh Myoung-Sun - - 2010
Empathy is an essential element of physician professionalism. Thus, proper evaluation and education of empathy in medical students is important for medical education. This study was conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Korean Student-Version of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE-S). The scale was completed cross-sectionally by ...
Abay S M - - 2010
The study was aimed at assessing the magnitude and factors of self-medication among medical, pharmacy, and health science students of GCMHS (Gondar College of Medicine and Health Sciences). A cross-sectional study with two-month illness recall was conducted. A Questionnaire consisting of demographic questions and questions on illnesses in the last ...
Sandars John - - 2010
Background: A wide range of social software has become readily available to young people. There is increasing interest in the exciting possibilities of using social software for undergraduate medical education. Aims: To identify the nature and extent of the use of social software by first year medical students. Method: A ...
Kenyon Tina - - 2010
Reviews the book, The inner world of medical students: Listening to their voices in poetry by Johanna Shapiro (2009). After soliciting poetry through medical humanities faculty, the author reviewed 576 poems written by 386 medical students from years one to four. The analyses and interpretations of the poems were then ...
Merani Shaheed - - 2010
CONTEXT Since the early 1990s, medical school tuition fees have increased substantially in all regions of Canada except Quebec. This provides a natural opportunity to examine the effect of tuition fee increases on medical student demographics, indebtedness and financial stress. METHODS We conducted a national survey of medical students in ...
Daniyam Comfort Ajuma - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Various preventive strategies have been employed to curb the spread of HIV infection as there is presently no cure. Abstinence, avoidance of multiple sexual partners, condom use, voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) and treatment of HIV-infected individuals form the cornerstone of HIV prevention. This study assessed the acceptability of ...
Lefevre Jérémie H - - 2010
OBJECTIVES Many factors influence the career specialty decisions made by medical students. The aim of this study was to broaden consideration of the determinants of specialty choice in a large population of medical students in their sixth year of study. METHODS A total of 2588 students distributed across all of ...
Laack Torrey A - - 2010
The transition from medical student to intern is inherently stressful, with potentially negative consequences for both interns and patients. We describe Internship Boot Camp, an innovative course specifically designed to prepare fourth-year medical students for the transition from medical school to internship. An intensive 1-week course, Internship Boot Camp has ...
Tuttle Jeffrey P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to determine the prevalence of ADHD diagnosis and the prevalence of nonmedical prescription stimulant use among a sample of medical students. METHODS: An anonymous survey was administered to 388 medical students (84.0% return rate) across all 4 years of education at a public medical college. RESULTS: ...
Hammer Rachel R - - 2010
If personalized medicine is the way of the future, and the physician's approach to each patient becomes more individualized and team-based, so must the professors' approach to the medical student experience. Mayo Medical School has an innovative curriculum designed to respect and enhance the individual interests of its students. A ...
Leung G K K - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Patient safety has emerged as a distinct health care discipline and an undergraduate programme on patient safety is being introduced at the authors' institution. The present study aimed to assess medical students' perceptions and knowledge on patient safety issues. DESIGN: A self-administered voluntary questionnaire survey. SETTING: Li Ka Shing ...
Nalliah S - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Internet search has been the main source for information and data mining in medical research. Its use by medical students has immensely contributed to learning activities. The main aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of internet use by medical students during their initial years of clinical ...
Golden Adam G - - 2010
Despite extensive educational efforts, many medical students still have negative attitudes toward the field of geriatric medicine and the care of older adult patients. This article describes a fourth-year geriatric clerkship that addressed this issue by providing opportunities for students to actively discuss many of the negative stereotypes that exist ...
Tanaka Masaaki - - 2010
Among medical students, fatigue is a common complaint and is related to poor academic outcomes. Associations of scores on personality traits and fatigue in medical students were examined. A group of 125 healthy second-year medical students completed a questionnaire about fatigue, the Japanese version of the Chalder Fatigue Scale, and ...
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