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Catling Finneas F Medical School, University of Bristol, - - 2014
UK medical students' confidence in their prescribing skills is low, and a significant proportion of prescriptions written by foundation year 1 (FY1) doctors contain errors. The Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) is a new national examination aimed at ensuring prescribing competence in undergraduates, but few PSA-specific preparatory resources are available to ...
Niraula Saroj - - 2013
The TAX 327 trial was pivotal in establishing docetaxel in castration refractory metastatic prostate cancer. Various commonly prescribed and over-the-counter co-administered medications are thought to exhibit anti-neoplastic properties and/or could potentially have pharmacokinectic interactions with docetaxel lessening the effectiveness of chemotherapy. To examine the effect of on prostate cancer outcomes ...
Varma Murali - - 2012
AIM: To determine the degree of variation in the handling of prostate needle biopsies (PBNx) in laboratories across Europe. METHODS: A web based survey was emailed to members of the European Network of Uropathology and the British Association of Urological Pathologists. RESULTS: Responses were received from 241 laboratories in 15 ...
Summa-Sorgini Claudia - - 2012
All medication errors are serious, but those associated with the IV route of administration often result in the most severe outcomes. According to the literature, IV medications are associated with 54% of potential adverse events, and 56% of medication errors. To determine the type and frequency of errors associated with ...
Dankoski Mary E - - 2011
Many faculty in today's academic medical centers face high levels of stress and low career satisfaction. Understanding faculty vitality is critically important for the health of our academic medical centers, yet the concept is ill-defined and lacking a comprehensive model. Expanding on previous research that examines vital faculty in higher ...
Downing Keith T - - 2012
Uterine prolapse is a condition that has likely affected women for all of time as it is documented in the oldest medical literature. By looking at the watershed moments in its recorded history we are able to appreciate the evolution of urogynecology and to gain perspective on the challenges faced ...
Guerrero D - - 2011
Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea is a frequent condition and affected patients benefit from medical treatments and dermatological procedures but also a complementary dermocosmetic assistance that aims at obtaining optimal skin comfort and preventing irritation of these particularly overreactive skins. Choice of dermocosmetics is crucial - especially in respect to their texture and ...
Delegge Mark H - - 2012
The medical device and pharmaceutical industry is facing mounting pressure to produce cost-effectiveness and clinical-effectiveness data in order for their products to be acceptable for approval by the Federal Drug Administration and then for payer reimbursement. The implications of these increasing burdens on our field will become apparent in everyday ...
Hagland Mark - - 2011
Medical groups of all types and sizes stand collectively at a crossroads in the evolution of the healthcare industry in the United States at this point in time. Faced with a welter of issues, from reimbursement concerns to mandates coming out of federal healthcare reofrm and the American Recovery and ...
Thomas Robert - - 2011
Professionalism is a complex blend of values, behaviours, ideals and obligations that are hard to define but recognizable when observed. This article reflects on medical professionalism as an entity, reviews the challenges it faces, and considers proactive ways of nurturing the concept of professionalism in radiology.
Trundle Catherine - - 2011
This article examines recent claims for healthcare made by British veterans who participated in nuclear bomb testing in the 1950s. Specifically, it focuses on their claims for war disablement pensions, exploring how they seek and challenge medical diagnoses. Detailing three veteran case studies, the article offers an ethnographic analysis of ...
Stonington Scott - - 2011
In this article, I describe a new form of clinical subjectivity in Thailand, emerging out of public debate over medical care at the end of life. Following the controversial high-tech death of the famous Buddhist monk Buddhadasa, many began to denounce modern death as falling prey to social ills in ...
Horton Sarah - - 2011
Despite the growing prevalence of transnational medical travel among immigrant groups in industrialized nations, relatively little scholarship has explored the diverse reasons immigrants return home for care. To date, most research suggests that cost, lack of insurance and convenience propel US Latinos to seek health care along the Mexican border. ...
Zubaran Carlos - - 2011
In this article I examine the phenomenon of international migration of medical graduates. The debate involving the ethical aspects of medical migration as well as the obstacles faced by doctors to practice unreservedly in their host countries are addressed. The situation of Australia in this context is also scrutinised. Finally, ...
Staempfli Simon A - - 2011
A 5-day-old Thoroughbred colt was presented with profuse watery diarrhea, hypovolemic shock, and a patent urachus. Despite intensive medical therapy, the colt was euthanized 15 d later due to poor clinical response. Necropsy revealed a small intestinal structural abnormality that formed a closed jejunal ring. Although rare, intestinal malformations should ...
Temple M - - 2011
Chris Roseveare has kindly invited me to introduce myself through this 'Guest Editorial' page of Acute Medicine. I was appointed to the new post of Acute Care Fellow at the Royal College of Physicians of London in July of this year. This is a new post, created by the College ...
Klein Carolina A - - 2011
Medical practitioners are revisiting many of the ethics and the legal implications surrounding the clinical frameworks within which we operate. In today's world, distinguishing between virtual and physical reality continues to be increasingly difficult. The physician may be found grappling with the decision of whether to continue to treat a ...
Altiner Ahmet - - 2011
A 46-year-old man presented to Bellevue Hospital Center with a widespread, erythematous, pruritic eruption that involved more than 80 percent of his body. The eruption started on his shoulder when he was in his 20s and, over the course of a one-year, spread to involve his face, trunk, and limbs. ...
Kader P - - 2011
The advent of shift-work pattern has created greater emphasis on continuity of information through effective handover processes.¹ This study analyses the volume and nature of medical handover tasks faced by junior doctors out-of-hours using datasets generated by eHandover® and explores its implication to service organisation in AMU.
Prior Jessica J - - 2011
While there has been a considerable criticism and debate about face transplantation from ethicists, surgeons and psychologists, little is known about the attitudes of medical professionals and the general public whose support will be necessary if face transplants are to be accepted. This study therefore conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with ...
Gilmartin Mary - - 2011
Medical tourism in Ireland, like in many Western states, is built around assumptions about individual agency, choice, possibility, and mobility. One specific form of medical tourism—the flow of women from Ireland traveling in order to secure an abortion—disrupts and contradicts these assumptions. One legacy of the bitter, contentious political and ...
Young Kevin J - - 2011
The need for up-to-date and high-quality continuing medical education (CME) is growing while the financial investment in CME is shrinking. Despite online technology's potential to efficiently deliver electronic CME (eCME) to large numbers of users, it has not yet displaced traditional CME. The purpose of this study was to explore ...
Snadden David - - 2011
A concern about an impending shortage of physicians and a worry about the continued maldistribution of physicians to medically underserved areas have encouraged the expansion of medical school training places in many countries, either by the creation of new medical schools or by the creation of regional campuses. In this ...
- - 2010
To the Editor: We take exception to a statement in the article by Iglehart (Aug. 5 issue)(1) about health reform, primary care, and graduate medical education: "In the face of this decline in funding, the completion of a GME [graduate medical education] training program is still a legal requirement to ...
Moutsiakis Demetrius - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Before the 1970s, many potential college and graduate students were denied admission or prevented from graduating because of their disabilities. Legislation such as the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 has sought to end such discrimination. In two previous studies, the proportion of ...
Faulkner L R - - 2010
To review the current status and recent trends in the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) specialties and neurologic subspecialties and discuss the implications of those trends for subspecialty viability. Data on numbers of residency and fellowship programs and graduates and ABPN certification candidates and diplomates were drawn from ...
Cyrillo Raphael Joaquim Teles - - 2010
This paper studies the influence of a Scientific Initiation Programme (SIP) on the professional profile of new doctors from a Brazilian university. Evaluate fifty-two new doctors divided into two groups matched by sex, age and academic performance and differing only in participation in the SIP. Professional and socioeconomic data were ...
McGaha Amy L - - 2010
This is the 29th report prepared by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) on the percentage of each US medical school's graduates entering family medicine residency programs. Approximately 7.5% of the 16,617 graduates of US medical schools between July 2008 and June 2009 were first-year family medicine residents in ...
Norcini John J - - 2010
One-quarter of practicing physicians in the United States are graduates of international medical schools. The quality of care provided by doctors educated abroad has been the subject of ongoing concern. Our analysis of 244,153 hospitalizations in Pennsylvania found that patients of doctors who graduated from international medical schools and were ...
Andriole Dorothy A - - 2010
The authors sought to identify variables independently associated with full-time faculty appointment among recent medical graduates. With institutional review board approval, the authors developed a database of individualized records for six midwestern medical schools' 1997-2002 graduates. Using multivariate logistic regression, they identified variables independently associated with full-time faculty appointment from ...
Elkin Katie J - - 2010
A sharp increase in the number of students graduating from Australian medical schools over the next few years looks set to outpace available intern positions. Graduating overseas students will be the first to miss out. While this treatment of overseas students is unlikely to be found unlawful, questions of fairness ...
Ellis Harold - - 2010
This year marks the centenary of the death of Dr Elizabeth Blackwell, who died on 31 May 1910, the first woman in the English-speaking world to qualify as a doctor. She practiced both in England and the USA and did much to encourage, in the face of great opposition, medical ...
Higgins Niall S - - 2010
International medical graduate (IMG) specialists in anaesthesia need education to be part of the assessment process for pre-registration college fellowship. Fellowship of the anaesthetic college is required in Australia for registration as a specialist in this field. Marked differences exist between local trainees and IMG specialists in terms of training, ...
Roberts Alun - - 2010
Charles Langmaid graduated in medicine from the University of Wales in the summer of 1935. Eighteen months later, with the encouragement of Professor Lambert Rogers, Charles decided to embark on a shorter version of what today would be regarded as a 'gap year' by securing a short-term commission as a ...
Russell John C - - 2010
Despite the significant growth in population in the United States since 1980 and societal and demographic factors such as an aging population, there has been no increase in the number of graduating general surgery residents each year, which has created a worsening shortage of general surgeons. Other factors, such as ...
Greenburg David L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence, causes, and consequences of experiencing a major life crisis during medical school. PURPOSE: The objective is to describe the prevalence, causes, and consequences through internship of experiencing a major life crisis while enrolled as a medical student at Uniformed Services University (USU). METHOD: ...
Straume Karin - - 2010
CONTEXT: The recruitment of sufficient health workers in rural and remote areas has been a constant challenge in many countries for decades. This article describes how medical internship (18 months of mandatory practical training, including 6 months in primary care, after graduation but before granted full license as a doctor) ...
Matsumoto Masatoshi - - 2010
To show the impact of changing the definition of what is "rural" on the outcomes of a rural medical education program. A cross-sectional sample of 643 graduates under obligatory rural service and 1,699 graduates after serving their obligation, all from Jichi Medical University (JMU), a binding rural education program in ...
Bhimji Arif - - 2010
The influx of foreign medical graduates into Canada presents both opportunity and challenges. The opportunity to increase the number of suitably and appropriately qualified providers to meet the demands of an aging and increasingly infirm population is clear. Some of the pressures on the health system could be met by ...
Ortolon Ken - - 2010
An increasing number of medical graduates in the country, particularly in Texas, are finding it hard to match to a residency program in their preferred specialty. While medical educators say there are various reasons for that, almost all point to a growing imbalance in the ratio of medical graduates to ...
Burger Renate - - 2010
The article deals with the new opportunities for EU member state citizens to go abroad for medical treatment. The European Court of Justice has facilitated the access to medical treatment for EU citizens in other EU states. This development has worried national governments since they feared reduced control in their ...
Desbiens Norman A - - 2010
Available evidence suggests that international medical graduates have improved the availability of U.S. health care while maintaining academic standards. We wondered whether studies had been conducted to address how international graduates were treated in the post-graduate selection process compared to U.S. graduates. We conducted a Medline search for research on ...
Schlett Christopher L - - 2010
Problem-based Learning (PBL) has been suggested as a key educational method of knowledge acquisition to improve medical education. We sought to evaluate the differences in medical school education between graduates from PBL-based and conventional curricula and to what extent these curricula fit job requirements. Graduates from all German medical schools ...
Goldacre Michael J - - 2010
The transition from medical student to junior doctor in postgraduate training is a critical stage in career progression. We report junior doctors' views about the extent to which their medical school prepared them for their work in clinical practice. Postal questionnaires were used to survey the medical graduates of 1999, ...
Nagler Alisa - - 2009
Portfolios have emerged in graduate medical education despite lack of consensus on their definition, purpose, or usefulness. Portfolios can be used as a tool for residents to record their accomplishments, reflect on their experiences, and gain formative feedback. This exercise may help prepare physicians for lifelong learning as well as ...
Sonderen Marye J - - 2009
AIM: A need was felt to improve the quality of admission and licensing procedures for international medical graduates in The Netherlands. METHOD: A clinical skills assessment was designed as part of a new procedure to realize a high-stakes, fair, transparent, and a time-limited path of admission for international medical graduates ...
Ortolon Ken - - 2009
The Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center opened the Paul L. Foster School of Medicine in El Paso this summer, culminating 30 years of dreaming and 10 years of hard work by the medical community and civic leaders in El Paso and Texas Tech System officials. It's the first medical ...
van Zanten Marta - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate demographic characteristics and performance outcomes of Caribbean-educated physicians. METHOD: The study included almost 20,000 Caribbean-educated students/graduates who registered for an exam leading to Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) certification during the study period. We summarized United States Medical Licensing ...
McGrath Pam - - 2009
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates (IMGs) now comprise a significant part of the Australian workforce. However, their perspective on strategies to facilitate their effective integration into the Australian health care system have not been adequately explored. This article presents the findings from qualitative research that explored IMGs experience before, during, and ...
Stagg P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Australian medical education is increasingly influenced by rural workforce policy. Therefore, understanding the influences on medical graduates' practice location and specialty choice is crucial for medical educators and medical workforce planners. The South Australian Flinders University Parallel Rural Community Curriculum (PRCC) was funded by the Australian Government to help ...
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