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Hwang Kun K From the *Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea; and †Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, United - - 2014
Jaw fracture surgery or orthognathic surgery usually involves the application of an intermaxillary fixation (IMF). Obstructions that cannot be relieved by suction require an immediate release of IMF wires, but releasing the IMF may damage the surgical alignment of the facial bones. The mean time taken to release the jaws ...
Xie Jipan J Analysis Group, Inc., 10 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, NY 10020, USA. - - 2013
To estimate the budget impact of everolimus as the first and second treatment option after letrozole or anastrozole (L/A) failure for post-menopausal women with hormone receptor positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 negative (HER2-) advanced breast cancer (ABC). Pharmacy and medical budget impacts (2011 USD) were estimated over the ...
Aakre Jennifer M - - 2012
This study compared the beliefs held by individuals with coexisting serious mental illness and type 2 diabetes regarding the necessity and risks of taking antipsychotic versus hypoglycemic medications. We also investigated whether nonadherent patients differed from adherent patients in their beliefs about medications. Forty-four individuals with type 2 diabetes and ...
Mooney Christopher J - - 2010
Despite the use of competency-based frameworks to evaluate physicians, the role of competency-based objectives in undergraduate medical education remains uncertain. By use of an audit methodology, we sought to determine how the six Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies, conceptualized as educational domains, would map onto an undergraduate ...
Pavlidis N - - 2012
During the last six years the European School of Oncology (ESO) opened an undergraduate programme for European medical students, aiming to further improve their oncology knowledge and clinical skills. In this endeavour a 5-day course is organized every summer at the University of Ioannina, Greece, where distinguished European oncologists introduce ...
Lumsden M A - - 2010
There are many challenges facing undergraduate education in the smaller specialities such as obstetrics and gynaecology (O&G). These are similar throughout the world, although the emphasis may vary according to geography and the approach of those involved in medical education in general. The number of medical students has increased because ...
Tweed Mike J - - 2010
The trainee intern (TI) year is unique to New Zealand medical education. The TI year occupies a complete calendar year in which the medical student is immersed in clinical care as part of healthcare teams. The TI year is an example of a 'capstone' course; integrating theory into practice, fine ...
Ousager Jakob - - 2010
PURPOSE: Humanities form an integral part of undergraduate medical curricula at numerous medical schools all over the world, and medical journals publish a considerable quantity of articles in this field. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which the literature on humanities in undergraduate medical education ...
Fede Angelo Bezerra - - 2010
To quantify the number of studies that were presented during oral sessions, selected for awards and published from 2002 to 2007 at the Undergraduate Medical Congress of ABC at the ABC Foundation School of Medicine. A retrospective systematic survey of papers selected for oral presentation and award at these undergraduate ...
Dodds Agnes E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the academic performance of graduate- and undergraduate-entry medical students completing the same pre-clinical curriculum and assessment at a large metropolitan university. Arguments have been made for the relative merits of both graduate- and undergraduate-entry medical programmes. However, data on the academic performance of graduate and undergraduate ...
van Mook Walther N K A - - 2010
Given the changes in society we are experiencing, the increasing focus on patient-centred care and acknowledgement that medical education including professionalism issues needs to continue not only in the residency programmes but also throughout the doctors career, is not surprising. Although most of the literature on professionalism pertains to learning ...
Hamdy H - - 2010
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries have witnessed over the last 40 years a rapid and major social, cultural, and economic transformation. The development of medical education in the region is relatively new, dating from the late 1960s. An important goal among the medical colleges in the region is to ...
McKimm Judy - - 2010
The two medical schools in New Zealand (NZ) are responding to the challenges of increasing healthcare demands and a worldwide doctor shortage, despite an environment of relatively scarce resource. Admissions to medical school are being increased and curricula examined and modified so that graduates are able to meet the healthcare ...
Hamdy H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries have witnessed over the last 40 years a rapid and major social, cultural, and economic transformation. The development of medical education in the region is relatively new, dating from the late 1960s. An important goal among the medical colleges in the region is ...
Miles Susan - - 2010
The General Medical Council expects UK medical graduates to gain some statistical knowledge during their undergraduate education; but provides no specific guidance as to amount, content or teaching method. Published work on statistics teaching for medical undergraduates has been dominated by medical statisticians, with little input from the doctors who ...
Karim Khalid - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Individual medical schools currently decide on the content and delivery of their undergraduate psychiatry curriculum, so there is probably significant variation in the students' experience of the speciality during the medical course and in the extent to which they develop the appropriate skills and knowledge base. AIM: To ascertain ...
Dogra Nisha - - 2009
Despite growing recognition of the need to increase cultural diversity undergraduate education in the UK, the US and Canada, there is a lack of cohesion in the development and delivery of cultural diversity teaching in medical schools in these three countries. This article highlights 12 tips for developing cultural diversity ...
Noble Jason - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the adequacy of undergraduate ophthalmology education in Canada in comparison with the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) guidelines. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: First-year residents who had graduated from Canadian medical schools. METHODS: Eligible residents were invited to participate in an online survey in 2007. Data were categorized ...
Datta Vivek - - 2009
Films featuring psychiatrists, psychiatry and the mentally ill abound, for better or for worse. The use of cinema in postgraduate psychiatry training has been gaining increasing acceptability, but its potential for use in undergraduate psychiatry has received little attention in the literature. This paper reports on the rationale behind, and ...
Lovato Chris - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore community members' perceptions of present and future impacts of the implementation of an undergraduate medical education programme in an underserved community. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with eight key informants representing the health, education, business, economy, media and political sectors. A two-stage approach was ...
Standring Susan - - 2009
The demise of anatomy teaching in the undergraduate medical curriculum has inevitably reduced the general level of applied anatomical knowledge displayed by junior doctors. Initiatives such as the European Working Time Directive have exacerbated the problem by reducing trainees' opportunities to acquire appropriate anatomical knowledge and clinical skills through workplace ...
Abuhusain H - - 2009
Preparedness of medical school graduates for the intern year is one of the emphasised objectives of undergraduate medical training. We have evaluated the perceived preparedness of graduates undertaking the intern year in the Republic of Ireland. A 9-page questionnaire was mailed to all 497 interns in Ireland following commencement of ...
Camps C - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Studies on physician burnout in Spain show a significant presence of the syndrome among our professionals. Some studies highlight the speciality of medical oncology as one of the most affected. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of burnout syndrome among the group of medical oncologists ...
Malling Bente - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Multi-source feedback (MSF) is a widely used developmental tool for leaders in organisations including those dealing with health care. This study was performed to examine the effects of an MSF process on developmental plans made by leaders of postgraduate medical education (PGME) in clinical departments. METHODS: An MSF instrument ...
Casey Petra M - - 2009
This article, the eighth in the To the Point Series prepared by the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics Undergraduate Medical Education Committee, discusses the effectiveness of the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) for assessment of learners' knowledge, skills, and behaviors. The OSCE has also been used for the ...
Otto Anthony - - 2009
It is generally accepted that Information Technology (IT) is a highly desirable and a very necessary ingredient of modern health care. Review of available literature reveals a paucity of medical informatics and information technology courses in undergraduate medical curricula and a lack of research to assess the effectiveness of medical ...
Chenot Jean-François - - 2009
The purpose of this article is to give international readers an overview of the organisation, structure and curriculum, together with important advances and problems, of undergraduate medical education in Germany. Interest in medical education in Germany has been relatively low but has gained momentum with the new "Regulation of the ...
Gunderman Richard B - - 2008
The authors celebrate the 30th anniversary of Lewis Thomas's provocative essay, "How to Fix the Premedical Curriculum," by reexamining its three central themes: the influence of medical schools on undergraduate education, the selection of students for admission to medical school, and a radical proposed reform of premedical education. At issue ...
Jovanović Aleksandar A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish the morbidity structure among testators whose wills were challenged as well as to reveal if there is a specific relationship between certain diagnostic categories in the testators' health status and forensic psychiatry expert opinion on testamentary incapacity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The ...
Rodríguez Ortiz Isabel de los Reyes Ide - - 2008
Lipreading proficiency was investigated in a group of hearing-impaired people, all of them knowing Spanish Sign Language (SSL). The aim of this study was to establish the relationships between lipreading and some other variables (gender, intelligence, audiological variables, participants' education, parents' education, communication practices, intelligibility, use of SSL). The 32 ...
Wilson S - - 2008
This paper reviews the factors which have driven changes in undergraduate education in psychiatry since the 1993 publication of "Tomorrow's Doctors",' after which it describes current undergraduate curricula in the four Scottish medical schools teaching clinical psychiatry. Reasons underlying the differences between curricula are discussed. The authors suggest that research ...
Campisi Paolo - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine the quantity and nature of undergraduate otolaryngology instruction in the Canadian medical school system and to present the management of the undergraduate otolaryngology curriculum at the University of Toronto medical school with a yearly enrolment of 224 students. STUDY DESIGN: Survey questionnaire and narrative description. METHODS: A ...
Yanagawa H - - 2008
Tokushima University Hospital has established the Tokushima Network for Clinical Trials (TNCT) to promote clinical trials in the area in collaboration with the Tokushima Medical Association. The present study investigated the views of doctors towards registration trials in the TNCT. A questionnaire was provided to 49 clinics/hospitals registered to the ...
Wald David A - - 2008
The Academy of Clerkship Directors in Emergency Medicine (CDEM) provides a forum for the collaborative exchange of ideas among emergency medicine (EM) medical student educators, a platform for the advancement of education, research, and faculty development, and establishes for the first time a national voice for undergraduate medical education within ...
Major Stella C - - 2008
We describe the changes in the development and delivery of undergraduate medical education in the United Kingdom as it moved from being exclusively hospital based to one that is increasingly led and delivered by academic departments of general practice (GP), GP teachers, and hospitalists guided by the General Medical Council. ...
Heaton Amy - - 2008
To gather opinions from UK medical students and recent graduates about their undergraduate training to prescribe and their confidence about meeting the relevant competencies identified by the General Medical Council (GMC). We designed a web-based survey that was distributed to UK medical students and first year Foundation doctors (graduation years ...
Breier Mignonne M Research Programme on Education, Science and Skills Development, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria. - - 2008
Since 1994, higher education policy has been committed to equity of access for all, irrespective of race and gender. We investigated progress towards these goals in the education of medical doctors, with an emphasis on gender. Databases from the Department of Education (DoE), Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) ...
James Delyth H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We describe the development of a reliable and valid measure of people's beliefs about self-medication. To achieve this, student self-medication beliefs and behaviours in response to acute pain were investigated. Specific objectives were to establish the internal reliability plus content and construct validity of this scale. METHOD: The nine ...
Goulston Kerry J - - 2008
In 1997, the University of Sydney replaced its undergraduate medical course with a new 4-year graduate medical program. The course was reaccredited by the Australian Medical Council (AMC) in 2005. Suggestions for further development by the AMC led to a comprehensive review of the course, commencing in July 2006. This ...
Naccache Nicole - - 2008
Effective delivery of high-quality palliative care requires effective interprofessional team working by skilled healthcare professionals. Palliative care is therefore highly suitable for sowing the seeds of interprofessional team working in early professional undergraduate medical education. Integrating palliative medicine in undergraduate medical education curricula seems to be a must. In this ...
Richir Milan C - - 2008
The rational prescribing of drugs is an essential skill of medical doctors. Clinical pharmacologists play an important role in the development of these skills by teaching clinical pharmacology and therapeutics (CP&T) to undergraduate medical students. Although the approaches to teaching CP&T have undergone many changes over the last decennia, it ...
Amin Zubair - - 2008
Bangladesh shares many socio-cultural, financial, and health issues typical of developing countries. Despite some encouraging developments in health measures at grass-roots level, medical education in Bangladesh faces many challenges. This article provides a snapshot of the current situation of undergraduate and post-graduate medical education with particular emphasis on pedagogical issues, ...
Mariolis Anargiros - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: It seems that there is a trend in undergraduate medical education towards including clinical attachments in primary health care (PHC) worldwide. The benefits of such initiatives are already well described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a clinical attachment in undergraduate medical students in ...
Page Sue - - 2008
Providing undergraduate and post-graduate rural training opportunities aids rural medical recruitment. Medical schools that provide rural educational placements, and the communities that host those placements, must give serious consideration to the structure and supports required to ensure both quality and enjoyment of rural placements. This paper presents tips for success ...
Lucas Philippe G - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In response to a number of court challenges brought forth by Canadian patients who demonstrated that they benefited from the use of medicinal cannabis but remained vulnerable to arrest and persecution as a result of its status as a controlled substance, in 1999 Canada became the second nation ...
Sladek Ruth M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Understanding how doctors think may inform both undergraduate and postgraduate medical education. Developing such an understanding requires valid and reliable measurement tools. We examined the measurement properties of the Inventory of Cognitive Bias in Medicine (ICBM), designed to tap this domain with specific reference to medicine, but with previously ...
Young Meredith E - - 2008
This study was designed to investigate the impact of medical terminology on perceptions of disease. Specifically, we look at the changing public perceptions of newly medicalized disorders with accompanying newly medicalized terms (e.g. impotence has become erectile dysfunction disorder). Does using "medicalese" to label a recently medicalized disorder lead to ...
Bikmoradi Ali - - 2008
During the last two decades, medical education in Iran has shifted from elite to mass education, with a considerable increase in number of schools, faculties, and programs. Because of this transformation, it is a good case now to explore academic leadership in a non-western country. The objective of this study ...
Ost James - - 2008
Building on recent work which has investigated social influences on memory and remembering, the present experiment examined the effects of social pressure and confederate confidence on the accuracy and confidence of eyewitnesses. Sixty undergraduate participants watched a video of a staged mugging and then answered questions about the video out ...
Maxwell Simon R J - - 2007
Evidence of poor prescribing is widespread including overuse of medicines, underuse of effective medicines, avoidable adverse drug reactions and medication errors. Junior doctors who have recently graduated are responsible for much of the prescribing that takes place in hospitals and are implicated in many of the adverse medication events. Analysis ...
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