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Milne A D AD Department of Anesthesia, Pain Management and Perioperative Medicine, and School of Biomedical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, - - 2014
A bench-top study was performed to assess the effects of different laryngoscope handles on the light intensity delivered from disposable metal or plastic laryngoscope blades. The light intensity from both the handle light sources themselves and the combined handle and laryngoscope blade sets was measured using a custom-designed testing system ...
Korzh Vladimir V Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Singapore; Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, - - 2014
Neurulation is defined as a process of neural tube closure. Recent reports suggested that upon completion of this process the major factors of neurulation remain in force at least until the central canal of the neural tube is formed. Hence, an idea has been put forward to define the two ...
Burakgazi Ahmet Z AZ Department of Medicine, Neuroscience Section, Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Roanoke, - - 2014
To compare the sensitivity of bar electrode and disposable ring electrode for recording of lateral femoral cutaneous (LFCN). A total of 23 subjects (13 females, 10 males, mean age: 49.6 ± 9.6 (range: 29-63) were recruited in the study. A total of 36 recordings were obtained with each electrode (with ...
Su Yuanjie Y School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology , Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0245, United - - 2014
We report a self-powered, single-electrode-based triboelectric sensor (SE-TES) array for detecting object motion inside of a plastic tube. This innovative, cost-effective, simple-designed SE-TES consists of thin-film-based ring-shaped Cu electrodes and a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) tube. On the basis of the coupling effect between triboelectrification and electrostatic induction, the sensor generates electric ...
De Asha Alan R AR Division of Medical Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Bradford, Bradford, - - 2014
Background:Minimum toe clearance is a critical gait event because it coincides with peak forward velocity of the swing foot, and thus, there is an increased risk of tripping and falling. Trans-tibial amputees have increased risk of tripping compared to able-bodied individuals. Assessment of toe clearance during gait is thus clinically ...
Kosins Aaron M AM Dr Kosins is a Volunteer Clinical Assistant Professor WOS and Dr Daniel is a Clinical Professor, University of California, Irvine Medical Center, Irvine, - - 2014
Background: The plunging tip is defined as a nasal deformity where the nasal tip descends or "plunges" during smiling. Objective: The authors prospectively measure a series of 25 patients with a focus on the anatomic changes of the nose before and after the patient smiles. Methods: Twenty-five women who presented ...
Ballard David H - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tissue penetration insertion force of different dilator tip geometries in simulated tissue. Four different dilator tip designs-conical (control), triangular, diamond, and biconvex-were appraised. The penetration force for each dilator was measured by using an ad hoc device. Each modified dilator required ...
Swartz Erik E - - 2013
In cases of possible cervical spine injury, medical professionals must be prepared to achieve rapid airway access while concurrently restricting cervical spine motion. Facemask removal, rather than helmet removal, is recommended to achieve this. However, no studies have been reported that directly compared facemask removal to helmet removal. To compare ...
Farrugia Kevin J - - 2013
The use of chemical enhancement techniques on porous substrates, such as fabrics, poses several challenges predominantly due to the occurrence of background staining and diffusion as well as visualization difficulties. A range of readily available chemical and lighting techniques were utilized to enhance footwear impressions made in blood, soil, and ...
Gustafson Samantha - - 2013
This tutorial demonstrates the effects of tubing length and coupling type (i.e., foam tip or personal earmold) on hearing threshold and real-ear-to-coupler difference (RECD) measures. Hearing thresholds from 0.25 kHz through 8 kHz are reported at various tubing lengths for 28 normal-hearing adults between the ages of 22 and 31 ...
Watson G J - - 2013
Objective: To demonstrate that Blu-tack is equally effective at attenuating sound as over-the-counter ear plugs. Methods: Nineteen healthy volunteers had their hearing thresholds assessed before and after the insertion of over-the-counter ear plugs. The results were compared with hearing thresholds following the insertion of Blu-tack. Thresholds were tested at: 0.5, ...
Enyo Yoshio - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN:: A biomechanical study. OBJECTIVE:: How much of the facet joint and the pars interarticularis (PI) can be removed in microendoscopic lateral decompression (MELD) for lumbar foraminal stenosis (LFS)? SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: MELD is one surgical modality for patients with LFS. In severe degenerative cases, unilateral facet joint ...
Wiesner Sarena - - 2013
A method for lifting bloody footwear impressions using alginate casts and enhancing the lifted impressions with amido black is presented. On rough or dark substrates, background interferences may conceal significant details of footwear impressions. Illumination with alternative light sources and chemically enhancing the bloody footwear impressions may reveal additional details, ...
Naito Yoshihito - - 2013
The placement of individual identification on a prosthesis is very important for forensic dentistry and traceability. This article describes the unique naming/labeling of dentures with information for individual identification using a method in which information is invisible under natural light but visible under ultraviolet light-emitting diode/black light exposure. The use ...
Park Hoo Keun - - 2013
This is a reply to the comments by Hu et al. directed to a previous paper "Toward scatter-free phosphors in white phosphor-converted light-emitting diodes" by Park et al., [Opt. Express 20(9), 10218 (2012)].
Ito Hiroyuki - - 2013
When a short straight line segment moves across a zigzag line and is viewed in one's peripheral vision, it appears to exhibit nonrigid squirming motion (the squirm effect). This phenomenon demonstrates that the form, orientation, and motion direction of a short line are influenced by those of a longer one ...
Lee Sang-Kyu - - 2013
This study examined the effect of various light-curing units (LCUs) on the polymerization of low-shrinkage composite resins. Two different types of low-shrinkage composite resins (silorane-based and methacrylate-based) were light cured using a quartz-tungstenhalogen (QTH) (HX) unit, a single-peak light-emitting diode (LED) (DM) unit, and a dual-peak LED (GL) unit, respectively. ...
Early P - - 2012
The purpose of this canine cadaver study was to evaluate the range of flexion and extension of the canine lumbosacral spine before and after dorsal laminectomy and partial discectomy. Using a cantilever biomechanical system, a 3Nm bending moment was applied to flex and extend the lumbosacral segment. Motion in L7 ...
Réfrégier Philippe - - 2012
Intensity fluctuations of partially polarized light with Gaussian statistics are investigated using a field decomposition approach. These developments provide an enlightening interpretation of the Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect of partially polarized Gaussian light. In particular, the behavior of the intensity fluctuation correlations can be interpreted as resulting from the mixing of ...
Kimura Tetsuro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We created a system that allows the visualization of breath sounds (visual stethoscope). AIM: We compared the visual stethoscope technique with auscultation for the detection of bronchial intubation in pediatric patients. METHODS: In the auscultation group, an anesthesiologist advanced the tracheal tube, while another anesthesiologist auscultated bilateral breath sounds ...
- - 2012
Particular vigilance when curing palatal restorations.
Salomonczyk Danielle D Centre for Vision Research, York University, Toronto, ON, - - 2012
Previous studies have demonstrated that after reaching with misaligned visual feedback of the hand, one adapts his or her reaches and partially recalibrates proprioception, such that sense of felt hand position is shifted to match the seen hand position. However, to date, this has only been demonstrated in the right ...
Pereira Rafael - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate force variability and sensoriomotor strategies of dominant and nondominant hands of right and left-handed subjects during a submaximal isometric force production task. Twelve right-handed adults (9 men and 3 women; 23 ± 3 year) and twelve left-handed adults (4 men and 8 women; 24 ± 3 year) performed ...
Bongers Raoul M - - 2011
Although variations in the standard prehensile pattern can be found in the literature, these alternative patterns have never been studied systematically. This was the goal of the current paper. Ten participants picked up objects with a pincer grip. Objects (3, 5, or 7cm in diameter) were placed at 30, 60, ...
Neto Osmar Pinto - - 2012
The main goal of this study was to compare dominant and non-dominant martial arts palm strikes under different circumstances that usually happen during martial arts and combative sports applications. Seven highly experienced (10±5 years) right hand dominant Kung Fu practitioners performed strikes with both hands, stances with left or right ...
Buckingham Gavin - - 2011
The goal of this study was to determine how handedness and lifting hand influence the way in which we lift objects and perceive their weights. To this end, we examined the fingertip forces and perceptual judgements of 30 left-handers and 30 right-handers during lifts of specially constructed 'size-weight illusion' (SWI) ...
Diao Ying-Ying - - 2011
The structural origin of the coloration mechanisms and related extraordinary optical properties of the wing scales of two breeds of Papilio butterflies, namely, Papilio ulysses and Papilio blumei, are explored. The precise ordered biophotonic nanostructures of the wing scales are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Despite their structural similarities, ...
Oh Ji Hye - - 2011
This study introduces innovative multi-chip white LED systems that combine an InGaN blue LED and green/red or green/amber/red full down-converted, phosphor-conversion LEDs (pc-LEDs). Efficient green, amber, and red full down-converted pc-LEDs were fabricated by simply capping a long-wave pass filter (LWPF) on top of LED packing associated with each corresponding ...
Rohde Marieke - - 2011
In the Rubber Hand Illusion, the feeling of ownership of a rubber hand displaced from a participant's real occluded hand is evoked by synchronously stroking both hands with paintbrushes. A change of perceived finger location towards the rubber hand (proprioceptive drift) has been reported to correlate with this illusion. To ...
Nabais Cláudia R J O D - - 2010
Three different naphthopyrans were incorporated in co-polymers of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and 2-ethylhexyl acrylate (EHA), with and without cross-linking with ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), by a free radical polymerization method. The obtained materials were characterised in terms of some of their chemical and physical properties that could be important for the ...
Kushner Aaron M - - 2009
Natural materials employ many elegant strategies to achieve mechanical properties required for survival under varying environmental conditions. Thus these remarkable biopolymers and nanocomposites often not only have a combination of mechanical properties such as high modulus, toughness, and elasticity, but also exhibit adaptive and stimuli-responsive properties. Inspired by skeletal muscle ...
Liu Xiaofeng - - 2009
One-dimensional organic-inorganic nanostructure has gained extensive attention among photo and photoelectronic applications. Organic and inorganic (metal or semiconductor) nanowires that could, through bottom-up fabrication, as well as template directed synthesis, enable diverse applications in nanoscale electronics and photoelectronics. In comparison, semiconductor organic-inorganic hybrid nanowires have initiated a growing aspect due ...
Gruber-Wackernagel Alexandra - - 2009
Polymorphic light eruption (PLE) is a photodermatosis (i.e. "sun allergy") with a high prevalence, particularly among young women in temperate climates. It is characterized through itchy skin lesions of variable morphology, occurring in spring or early summer on sun exposed body sites. As yet the exact etiology and pathogenesis of ...
Garces Milton - - 2008
Volcanic explosions are reliable sources for studying infrasonic propagation. Large amplitude acoustic explosions with known locations and onset times provide useful constraints for the signal changes induced by atmospheric variability. As part of the Acoustic Surveillance of Hazardous Eruptions (ASHE) project, two four-element infrasound arrays with collocated seismometers have been ...
Zhang Zheng - - 2008
Zwitterionic hydrogels are very promising for biomedical applications. They are usually copolymerized with other polymers to improve their mechanical properties often at the expense of their biological properties. In this study, physically cross-linked poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) (polySBMA) hydrogels were prepared, and their physical properties including phase behavior were investigated. Linear polySBMAs, ...
Nagel Julie Jaffee - - 2008
This paper is organized around two ideas. The first invites the reader to consider the importance of music in emotional life, suggesting that for some people, music can have profound, deep, and transformative effects, both in loosening defenses and in deepening the psychoanalytic experience. The second idea is that analysis ...
Vehoff T - - 2007
Spider silk is well-known for its outstanding mechanical properties. However, there is a significant variation of these properties in literature and studies analyzing large numbers of silk samples to explain these variations are still lacking. To fill this gap, the following work examines the mechanical properties of major ampullate silk ...
Pileni M-P - - 2007
In this Account, we demonstrate that the ordering of nanocrystals over long distances in 3D superlattices, called supracrystals, can lead to unexpected results: the emergence of collective intrinsic properties. The shape of the nanocrystal organization at the mesoscopic scale also induces new physical properties. In addition, we show that nanocrystals ...
Guarrera Marcella - - 2007
Polymorphic light eruption is one of the few dermatological diseases in which some antioxidants have been said to be reduced in both the epidermis and the blood. This study measured the hydrosoluble antioxidant capacity in the serum of patients with polymorphic light eruption, using a commercially available kit. All patients ...
Wurm Gerhard - - 2006
We carried out experiments that show a gas pressure dependent ability of light to eject particles from a dust bed. Dust eruptions also occur upon removal of the light source. This can be attributed to a solid state greenhouse effect and photophoretic forces. This ejection mechanism works at light intensities ...
Rehder Bob - - 2006
Five experiments were performed to investigate the category-based generalization of nonblank properties, properties that were novel but that were attributed to existing category features with causal explanations. Experiments 1-3 tested how such explanations interact with the well-known effects of similarity on such generalizations. The results showed that when the causal ...
Church John A - - 2005
Ocean thermal expansion contributes significantly to sea-level variability and rise. However, observed decadal variability in ocean heat content and sea level has not been reproduced well in climate models. Aerosols injected into the stratosphere during volcanic eruptions scatter incoming solar radiation, and cause a rapid cooling of the atmosphere and ...
Fraser-Andrews E A - - 2005
We report two patients in whom episodes of polymorphic light eruption were followed by recurrent erythema multiforme on exposed and nonexposed sites. Treating the polymorphic light eruption with prophylactic PUVA and/or oral prednisolone or cyclosporin prevented the development of erythema multiforme, suggesting that the two events are related. It is ...
Radhakrishnan P - - 2004
The mechanical properties of craniofacial sutures have rarely been investigated. Three facial sutures-the pre-maxillomaxillary (PMS), the nasofrontal (NFS), and the zygomaticotemporal (ZTS)-and their corresponding sutural mineralization fronts in 8 young New Zealand White rabbits were subjected to nano-indentation with atomic force microscopy as a test of the hypothesis that they ...
Pecher Diane - - 2004
According to the perceptual symbols theory (Barsalou, 1999), sensorimotor simulations underlie the representation of concepts. Simulations are componential in the sense that they vary with the context in which the concept is presented. In the present study, we investigated whether representations are affected by recent experiences with a concept. Concept ...
Brad Adams J - - 2003
Past studies have suggested a statistical connection between explosive volcanic eruptions and subsequent El Niño climate events. This connection, however, has remained controversial. Here we present support for a response of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon to forcing from explosive volcanism by using two different palaeoclimate reconstructions of El ...
Pickles Andrew - - 2003
The question of whether to view psychopathology as categorical or dimensional continues to provoke debate. We review the many facets of this argument. These include the pragmatics of measurement; the needs of clinical practice; our ability to distinguish categories from dimensions empirically; methods of analysis appropriate to each and how ...
Kajol Ramesh - - 2002
Halogen head light can be made by removing the ordinary bulb and its attachments from the Clark's tike head light and replacing it with Halogen tube (12 volts 55 watts) along with its attachment. This Halogen tube needs 12 volts 5amp transformer for its maximum output.
Pritchard Matthew E - - 2002
Surface deformation in volcanic areas usually indicates movement of magma or hydrothermal fluids at depth. Stratovolcanoes tend to exhibit a complex relationship between deformation and eruptive behaviour. The characteristically long time spans between such eruptions requires a long time series of observations to determine whether deformation without an eruption is ...
Kaftal Victor - - 2002
This article grew out of recent work of Dykema, Figiel, Weiss, and Wodzicki (Commutator structure of operator ideals) which inter alia characterizes commutator ideals in terms of arithmetic means. In this paper we study ideals that are arithmetically mean (am) stable, am-closed, am-open, soft-edged and soft-complemented. We show that many ...
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