Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1040
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Buchheit Martin - - 2012
Abstract To examine whether performance, physiological and perceptual responses to repeated sprints including changes of direction are angle-dependent, twelve team-sport players performed (1) single 30-m sprints without or with two (45°, 90° or 135°) changes of direction and (2) repeated-sprint sequences matched for initial sprint time without (Line [6x30m]) or ...
Cagigas Miguel A - - 2012
In this paper we show new ways to improve the performance of ground-based coronagraphy. We introduce adaptive coronagraphic masks whose profile is a binary version of the instantaneous atmospherically degraded star image. We also propose the hyper-Gaussian profile masks obtained by averaging adaptive masks. In addition, adaptive Lyot stops and ...
Depauw Frauke Angelique - - 2012
Light is an essential source of energy for life on Earth and is one of the most important signals that organisms use to obtain information from the surrounding environment, on land and in the oceans. Prominent marine microalgae, such as diatoms, display a suite of sophisticated responses (physiological, biochemical, and ...
Cooper Bonnie - - 2012
Gratings that contain luminance and chromatic components of different spatial frequencies were used to study the segregation of signals in luminance and chromatic pathways. Psychophysical detection and discrimination thresholds to these compound gratings, with luminance and chromatic components of the one either half or double the spatial frequency of the ...
Tucker Joseph W - - 2012
Photoredox catalysis is emerging as a powerful tool in synthetic organic chemistry. The aim of this synopsis is to provide an overview of the photoelectronic properties of photoredox catalysts as they are applied to organic transformations. In addition, recent synthetic applications of photoredox catalysis are presented.
Kasahara Yusuke - - 2012
Drilling is used in the medical field, especially in oral surgery and orthopaedics. In recent years, oral surgery involving dental implants has become more common. However, the risky drilling process causes serious accidents. To prevent these accidents, supporting systems such as robotic drilling systems are required. A telerobotic-assisted drilling system ...
Li Xu - - 2012
Linkages among bioreactor operation and performance and microbial community structure were investigated for a fixed-bed biofilm system designed to remove perchlorate from drinking water. Perchlorate removal was monitored to evaluate reactor performance during and after the frequency and intensity of the backwash procedure were changed, while the microbial community structure ...
Flodman Hunter R - - 2012
Several strategies have been proposed to increase the operating efficiency of batch distillation. In this study, conventional batch rectification and inverted batch stripping are used cyclically to promote high product flow rates for a binary fractionation. Process controls are implemented to maintain constant product purity specifications by varying the slope ...
Hsieh Po-Jang - - 2012
A retinally stabilized object readily undergoes perceptual fading and disappears from consciousness. This startling phenomenon is commonly believed to arise from local bottom-up sensory adaptation to edge information that occurs early in the visual pathway, such as in the lateral geniculate nucleus of the thalamus or retinal ganglion cells. Here ...
Majid Kamran - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Integrated plate-spacer may provide adequate construct stability while potentially lowering operative time, decreasing complications, and providing less mechanical obstruction. The purpose of the current study was to compare the biomechanical stability of an anatomically profiled 2-screw integrated plate-spacer to a traditional spacer only and to a spacer and anterior ...
Elidan Gal - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Detection and quantification of oscillatory irregularities in laryngeal videostroboscopy can be particularly difficult for the human expert. Accordingly, there is a wide interest in automated methods for recovering the folds' temporal trajectory. Unfortunately, current methods typically provide only crude glottal measurements. OBJECTIVES: An automated procedure for consistently tracking the ...
Yoshioka Tohru - - 2012
Physical aspects of medical science involve making physical models, physical approaches, and measurements by physical instruments. Among these, the physical approach is the most important for an exact elucidation of the physiological function of living materials. What is a physical approach? In the first step, the molecular mechanism of visual ...
Town G - - 2012
In the past 5 years since their US introduction, there has been a rapid proliferation of light-based hair removal devices intended for home-use. In the last 2 years in Europe, sales already run into many tens of thousands of units with well-known multi-national companies entering the market. These guidelines provide a definition ...
Alcock Alison M - - 2012
Abstract The three-dimensional kinematics of international female footballers performing a simulated direct free kick (curve kick) were compared with those of an instep kick. Reflective markers attached to the participants were tracked by 17 Vicon cameras sampling at 250 Hz. Foot velocity at ball impact did not differ between the two ...
Mehlenbacher Adam - - 2012
Mehlenbacher A, Capehart B, Bass D, Burke JR. Sound induced vertigo: superior canal dehiscence resulting from blast exposure. Barotrauma is common in modern warfare. We present the first description of sound induced vertigo caused by superior canal dehiscence (SCD) precipitated by blast exposure. Patients who complain of balance or visual ...
Lee Alan L F - - 2012
Visual adaptation produces remarkable perceptual aftereffects. However, it remains unclear what basic neural mechanisms underlie visual adaptation and how these adaptation-induced neural changes are related to perceptual aftereffects. To address these questions, we examined transparent motion adaptation and traced the effects of adaptation through the motion processing hierarchy. We found ...
Ai Todd - - 2012
There has been limited attention given to the physiological demands of pushing and pulling, especially in industrially developing countries such as South Africa. Two key factors affecting the physiological demands of these tasks are the hand forces exerted and the start/stop frequency. The purpose of the current study was therefore ...
Cardeña Etzel - - 2012
Abstract This study (N = 37 with high, medium, and low hypnotizables) evaluated depth reports and EEG activity during both voluntary and hypnotically induced left-arm lifting with sLORETA functional neuroimaging. The hypnotic condition was associated with higher activity in fast EEG frequencies in anterior regions and slow EEG frequencies in central-parietal regions, ...
Barclay Johanna L - - 2012
In mammals, circadian rhythms of physiology and behavior are regulated by a complex network of cellular molecular oscillators distributed throughout the brain and peripheral tissues. A master clock in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) synchronizes internal time with the external light-dark cycle, thus entraining the overall rhythmicity of the organism. ...
Kwacz Monika - - 2012
A stapedotomy surgery using a piston stapes prosthesis significantly modifies the perilymph fluid stimulation level and always leads to alteration of conditions in sound transmission through the cochlea. This paper shows the results of non-contact measurements of the stapes head velocity, a Teflon piston stapes prosthesis velocity and round window ...
Rahne Torsten - - 2012
The identification and discrimination of timbre are essential features of music perception. One dominating parameter within the multidimensional timbre space is the spectral shape of complex sounds. As hearing loss interferes with the perception and enjoyment of music, we approach the individual timbre discrimination skills in individuals with severe to ...
Shen Tong - - 2012
Cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises) are a group of adapted marine mammals with an enigmatic history of transition from terrestrial to full aquatic habitat and rapid radiation in waters around the world. Throughout this evolution, the pathogen stress-response proteins must have faced challenges from the dramatic change of environmental pathogens ...
Iserbyt Arne - - 2012
The contribution of adaptive mechanisms in maintaining genetic polymorphisms is still debated in many systems. To understand the contribution of selective factors in maintaining polymorphism, we investigated large-scale (>1000 km) geographic variation in morph frequencies and fitness-related physiological traits in the damselfly Nehalennia irene. As fitness-related physiological traits, we investigated ...
Morris Daniel F - - 2012
The need for transparency is taking more prominence in international climate negotiations as developed countries pledge large sums of money to foster adaptation efforts in developing countries. Tools that provide accurate and up-to-date spatial information that can be easily used and vetted by local practitioners may provide effective and affordable ...
Jachowski David S - - 2012
Physiological stress responses allow individuals to adapt to changes in their status or surroundings, but chronic exposure to stressors could have detrimental effects. Increased stress hormone secretion leads to short-term escape behavior; however, no studies have assessed the potential of longer-term escape behavior, when individuals are in a chronic physiological ...
Ač Alexander - - 2012
We explored ability of reflectance vegetation indexes (VIs) related to chlorophyll fluorescence emission (R₆₈₆/R₆₃₀, R₇₄₀/R₈₀₀) and de-epoxidation state of xanthophyll cycle pigments (PRI, calculated as (R₅₃₁- R₅₇₀)/(R₅₃₁-R₅₇₀) to track changes in the CO₂ assimilation rate and Light Use Efficiency (LUE) in montane grassland and Norway spruce forest ecosystems, both at ...
Hummel Dennis - - 2012
Visual perception is highly variable and can be influenced by the surrounding world. Previous research has revealed that body perception can be biased due to adaptation to thin or fat body shapes. The aim of the present study was to show that adaptation to certain body shapes and the resulting ...
Sauer Juergen - - 2012
The effectiveness of different forms of adaptive and adaptable automation was examined under low- and high-stress conditions, in the form of different levels of noise. Thirty-six participants were assigned to one of the three types of variable automation (adaptive event-based, adaptive performance-based and adaptable serving as a control condition). Participants ...
Oliveira A B - - 2012
In this study, we investigated how experienced and inexperienced subjects handle a box when it could be approached from any of its sides. Subjects moved a box (11 kg) either to a high (HS) or a low surface (LS). Wrist movements and grip force were synchronised and recorded, respectively, by ...
Rentzeperis Ilias - - 2012
Adaptation is widely used as a tool for studying selectivity to visual features. In these studies it is usually assumed that the loci of feature selective neural responses and adaptation coincide. We used an adaptation paradigm to investigate the relationship between response and adaptation selectivity in event-related potentials (ERPs). ERPs ...
Arsovski Andrej A AA Department of Biology, University of Washington, Box 351800, Seattle, WA - - 2012
As photoautotrophs, plants are exquisitely sensitive to their light environment. Light affects many developmental and physiological responses throughout plants' life histories. The focus of this chapter is on light effects during the crucial period of time between seed germination and the development of the first true leaves. During this time, ...
Adhikari Arjun S AS Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford - - 2012
The generation and detection of mechanical forces is a ubiquitous aspect of cell physiology, with direct relevance to cancer metastasis(1), atherogenesis(2) and wound healing(3). In each of these examples, cells both exert force on their surroundings and simultaneously enzymatically remodel the extracellular matrix (ECM). The effect of forces on ECM ...
Munoz-Price L Silvia - - 2012
We compared cleaning rates associated with use of a white ultraviolet (UV) powder versus a transparent UV gel among units with various degrees of previous experience with UV powder. The study outcome was the presence of discordant cleaning (removal of powder without the removal of gel, or vice versa). We ...
Brasiliense Leonardo B C - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN.: In vitro assessment of rib cage biomechanics in the region of true ribs with the ribs intact then sequentially resected in 5 steps. OBJECTIVE.: To determine the contribution of the rib cage to thoracic spine stability and kinematics. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Previous in vitro studies of rib ...
Dam Hans G - - 2011
Predicting the response of the biota to global change remains a formidable endeavor. Zooplankton face challenges related to global warming, ocean acidification, the proliferation of toxic algal blooms, and increasing pollution, eutrophication, and hypoxia. They can respond to these changes by phenotypic plasticity or genetic adaptation. Using the concept of ...
Jongen Ellen M M - - 2011
It was investigated how speed limit repetition and distraction affect drivers' speed management throughout a road section where the imposed speed limit is not in accordance (too low) with road design. It is not clear how driving speed evolves and to what degree speed limit repetition is necessary on roads ...
Bjornaraa Jaynie - - 2011
Specific movement patterns have been identified as influential in ACL injury; however several key kinematic variables that might be predictive of future performance have not been fully investigated. The purpose of this research was to: 1) determine if subjects with ACL reconstruction display different displacement, velocity, and time to peak ...
Nanda Aditi - - 2011
Abstract Abstract: Managements of malignancies and abnormal growths in maxillary sinus often include ablative surgeries. The closure of the resulting anatomical defect can be achieved with an obturator prosthesis. Reduction in weight of the obturator is an important consideration in improving the retention and stability of the prosthesis. Hollowing the ...
Keserü Matthias - - 2011
Purpose:  To determine the threshold charges needed for eliciting visual perceptions through acute electrical stimulation of the human retina in patients suffering from retinitis pigmentosa, using an epiretinal microelectrode array. Methods:  In a multicentre study, 20 patients (average age 55 years) with visual acuities ranging from 4/200 to no light perception ...
Lin Jia-Hua - - 2011
Hand-handle interface is seldom considered in contemporary upper limb biomechanical analyses of pushing and pulling strength. A laboratory study was designed to examine if handle rotation in the frontal plane (0°-horizontal, 45°, and 90°-vertical), anterior tilt (0°-parallel to the frontal plane, and 15°), and distance between two handles (31 and ...
Yeung L F - - 2011
Trans-tibial amputees are advised to walk as much as able people to achieve healthy and independent life. However, they usually have difficulties in doing so. Previous researches only included data from a few steps when studying the gait of amputees. Walking over a long distance was rarely examined. The objective ...
Russell T - - 2011
The force applied during laryngoscopy can cause local tissue trauma and can induce cardiovascular responses and cervical spine movement in susceptible patients. Previous studies have identified numerous operator and patient factors that influence the amount of force applied during intubation. There are few studies evaluating the effect of different laryngoscope ...
Halenar Lauren B - - 2011
The majority of previous publications have suggested that the large-bodied subfossil Protopithecus brasiliensis was a suspensory ateline with a locomotor repertoire similar to that of extant Ateles and Brachyteles. This is unexpected, as the cranial morphology of Protopithecus is very similar to Alouatta, a genus usually classified as a deliberate ...
Shida Yoshiteru - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Volatile anesthetics attenuate medium-frequency (250 to 500 Hz) pulse train transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) better than propofol. High-frequency (1000 Hz) TES may restore hand MEP amplitude under volatile anesthesia, but its effect on leg MEPs critical for spine surgery monitoring is unknown. METHODS:: The effects of ...
Vercruysse Sarah - - 2011
Freezing of gait (FOG) is an incapacitating problem in Parkinson's disease that is difficult to manage therapeutically. We tested the hypothesis that impaired rhythm and amplitude control is a common mechanism of freezing which is also present during other rhythmic tasks. Therefore, we compared the occurrence and spatiotemporal profiles of ...
Barrett Rod S - - 2011
Experiments designed to assess balance recovery in older adults often involve exposing participants to repeated loss of balance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the adaptive balance recovery response exhibited by older adults following repeated exposure to forward loss of balance induced by releasing participants from a static ...
Kato Yuki - - 2011
PURPOSE: To investigate the biomechanics of the intermediate (IM), anteromedial (AM), and posterolateral (PL) bundles in the human anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). METHODS: Eighteen human cadaveric knees were tested with a robotic/universal force-moment sensor testing system. Anterior tibial translation (ATT) was determined under an 89-N anterior tibial load. Coupled ATT ...
Altman Allison R AR Biomechanics and Movement Science Program, 301 McKinly Lab, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA. - - 2012
Instrumented treadmills are becoming increasingly more common in gait laboratories. Instrumented side-split treadmills allow the collection of forces under each foot during walking. However, there may be a tendency to increase the base of support when walking on these treadmills, influencing other frontal plane mechanics as well. Therefore, the purpose ...
Yang Yang - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Due to differences in corneal grafting microsurgery between manual and robotic suturing, new challenges have arisen in testing the insertion force and torque of corneal tissue acting on suturing needles in order to guarantee successful completion of surgical procedures. METHODS: In order to measure the force during the insertion ...
Skrodzka Ewa - - 2011
Similarities and differences in vibrational behavior of two guitars having a symmetric Torres bracing pattern and an asymmetric pattern forming a lattice on a soundboard are investigated by means of the modal analysis technique and laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV) measurements. Instruments are investigated before and after a bridge and strings ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >