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Sandy Alec A X-ray Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory , 9700 S. Cass Ave., Lemont, IL 60439-4857, - - 2014
Rotational x-ray tracking (RXT) is demonstrated as a promising new tool for investigating previously unobservable motion in crystalline nanoscale colloids. Its potential utility is demonstrated by applying it to measurements of the local viscoelastic properties of a gel-colloid nanocomposite.
Freeman Simon E SE Marine Physical Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California - - 2014
Although ambient biological underwater sound was first characterized more than 60 years ago, attributing specific components of ambient sound to their creators remains a challenge. Noise produced by snapping shrimp typically dominates the ambient spectra near tropical coasts, but significant unexplained spectral variation exists. Here, evidence is presented indicating that ...
Stone Michael A MA Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, United - - 2014
Stone et al. [(2012). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 132, 317-326] showed that a masker constructed to produce a near-constant envelope at the output of each auditory filter reduced speech intelligibility less than maskers of the same mean level with fluctuating envelopes, produced by 100% sinusoidal amplitude modulation (SAM) at 8 Hz. ...
Rasumow Eugen E Jade Hochschule, Institut für Hörtechnik und Audiologie, Ofener Straβe 16-19, 26121 Oldenburg, - - 2014
When re-synthesizing individual head related transfer functions (HRTFs) with a microphone array, smoothing HRTFs spectrally and/or spatially prior to the computation of appropriate microphone filters may improve the synthesis accuracy. In this study, the limits of the associated HRTF modifications, until which no perceptual degradations occur, are explored. First, complex ...
Réfrégier Philippe - - 2014
The degree of coherence of scalar light remains constant when the fields are modified by the same random linear transformation, which can be represented by the multiplication by a random complex number. This shows that the coherence properties of scalar light at order two are not modified with the increase ...
Dasgupta Basudeb B International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Strada Costiera 11, 34014 Trieste, - - 2014
We show that sterile neutrinos with masses ≳1  eV, as motivated by several short baseline oscillation anomalies, can be consistent with cosmological constraints if they are charged under a hidden sector force mediated by a light boson. In this case, sterile neutrinos experience a large thermal potential that suppresses mixing between ...
Basak Shibaji S Department of Biological Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata - 700 032, India. - - 2014
A series of amphiphilic tyrosine based self-healable, multi-stimuli responsive metallo-hydrogels have been discovered. Formation of these hydrogels is highly selective to Ni(2+) ions. The self-healing property and the stiffness of these metallo-hydrogels can be tuned by varying the chain length of the corresponding gelator amphiphile.
Huang Chuan C Center for Advanced Medical Imaging Sciences, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114; Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115. Electronic address: - - 2014
Brain PET scanning plays an important role in the diagnosis, prognostication and monitoring of many brain diseases. Motion artifacts from head motion are one of the major hurdles in brain PET. In this work, we propose to use wireless MR active markers to track head motion in real time during ...
Ebana Hideaki H Division of Hematology/Oncology, Shirakawa Kosei General Hospital, 2-1 Toyochi Kamiyajirou, Shirakawa, Fukushima 961-0005, - - 2014
In the past decade, the serum free light chain (FLC) immunoassays have become widely available enabling greater sensitivity in the diagnosis and management of monoclonal light chain diseases. Here, we describe a rare case of serum free light chain only myeloma with cytoplasmic IgM. A 75-year-old woman presented with a ...
Lindholm Markus M Norwegian Institute for Water Research/NIVA, Gaustadalleen 23, 0349 Oslo, - - 2014
The essay discusses whether biotic and abiotic environments differ in their ability to speed up or slow down morphological change and the generation of new lineages. Examples from the class Branchiopoda show that morphological conservatism is associated with enemy free space in species-poor habitats dominated by abiotic factors, while Red ...
Farokhmanesh Khatere - - 2014
Based on clinical observations, foot hyperpronation is very common. Excessive pronation (hyperpronation) can cause malalignment of the lower extremities. This most often leads to functional and structural deficits. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of foot hyperpronation on lumbar lordosis and thoracic kyphosis. Thirty five healthy ...
Bai Yuanyuan Y Department of Design, Kyushu University, 4-9-1, Shiobaru, Minami-ku, Fukuoka-shi 815-8540, Japan; e-mail: - - 2014
The pursuit-pursuing illusion is a visual illusion where a circular object placed in the centre of a radial pattern consisting of thin sectors is seen to move in the pursuit eye movement direction. The present study investigates the role of the surrounding texture, replacing the sectors with random dots or ...
Plack Christopher J CJ University of Manchester, UK - - 2014
Dramatic results from recent animal experiments show that noise exposure can cause a selective loss of high-threshold auditory nerve fibers without affecting absolute sensitivity permanently. This cochlear neuropathy has been described as hidden hearing loss, as it is not thought to be detectable using standard measures of audiometric threshold. It ...
Leo Fabrizio F Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany; Institute of Biological Psychology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany; Department of Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, - - 2014
This psychophysics study investigated whether prior auditory conditioning influences how a sound interacts with visual perception. In the conditioning phase, subjects were presented with three pure tones ( =  conditioned stimuli, CS) that were paired with positive, negative or neutral unconditioned stimuli. As unconditioned reinforcers we employed pictures (highly pleasant, unpleasant ...
Schoonderwaldt Erwin E Institute of Music Physiology and Musicians' Medicine, Hanover University of Music, Drama and Media, Hanover, - - 2014
We present a study of coordination behavior in complex violin-bowing patterns involving simultaneous bow changes (reversal of bowing direction) and string crossings (changing from one string to another). Twenty-two violinists (8 advanced amateurs, 8 students with violin as major subject, and 6 elite professionals) participated in the experiment. We investigated ...
Wu Jianghong J Inner Mongolia Prataculture Research Center, Chinese Academy of Science, Hohhot, China; Animal Husbandry Institute, Inner Mongolia Academy of Agricultural & Animal Husbandry Sciences, Hohhot, China; Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, - - 2014
Stimulated by retinoic acid 6 (STRA6) is the receptor for retinol binding protein and is relevant for the transport of retinol to specific sites such as the eye. The adaptive evolution mechanism that vertebrates have occupied nearly every habitat available on earth and adopted various lifestyles associated with different light ...
Riecke Lars L Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Auditory selective attention plays an essential role for identifying sounds of interest in a scene, but the neural underpinnings are still incompletely understood. Recent findings demonstrate that neural activity that is time-locked to a particular amplitude-modulation (AM) is enhanced in the auditory cortex when the modulated stream of sounds is ...
Montoye Alexander H AH Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, - - 2014
The responsiveness to change of the Actical and ActiGraph accelerometers was assessed in children and adolescents. Participants (n=208) aged 6-16 years completed two simulated free-living protocols, one with primarily light-to-moderate physical activities (PA) and one with mostly moderate-to-vigorous PA. Time in sedentary, light, moderate, and vigorous PA was estimated using ...
Garstang Michael M University of Virginia, Department of Environmental Sciences, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of - - 2014
The factors that trigger sudden, seasonal movements of elephants are uncertain. We hypothesized that savannah elephant movements at the end of the dry season may be a response to their detection of distant thunderstorms. Nine elephants carrying Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers were tracked over seven years in the extremely ...
Fukano Mako M Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15, Mikajima, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-1192 - - 2014
Synergetic talocrural and subtalar joint movements allow adaptation to different footwear and/or surface conditions. Therefore, knowledge of kinematic differences between barefoot and shod conditions is valuable for the study of adaptations to footwear conditions. The objective of this study was to assess the kinematic differences in the talocrural and subtalar ...
Shahin Hassan Abd El-Razek Aly HA Nuclear Materials Authority, P. O. Box 530, El-Maadi, Cairo, - - 2014
El Sela shear zone occurs in the younger granite rock of Gabal El Sela area, south Eastern Desert, Egypt near the Sudan Frontier. It comprises lines-arranged intrusions trending ENE-WSW and extend for about 1.5 km in length and reach up to 40 meters in width. These lines-arranged intrusions include multi-phase quartz ...
Evangelista Dennis D Department of Integrative Biology, University of California , Berkeley, CA , - - 2014
The capacity for aerial maneuvering was likely a major influence on the evolution of flying animals. Here we evaluate consequences of paravian morphology for aerial performance by quantifying static stability and control effectiveness of physical models for numerous taxa sampled from within the lineage leading to birds (Paraves). Results of ...
Stevens Martin M Centre for Ecology and Conservation, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Penryn Campus, Penryn, Cornwall, United - - 2014
Camouflage is found in a wide range of species living in numerous habitat types, offering protection from visually guided predators. This includes many species from the intertidal zone, which must cope with background types diverse in appearance and with multiple predator groups foraging at high and low tide. Many animals ...
Sánchez-Baracaldo Patricia P School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United - - 2014
The recent uplift of the tropical Andes (since the late Pliocene or early Pleistocene) provided extensive ecological opportunity for evolutionary radiations. We test for phylogenetic and morphological evidence of adaptive radiation and convergent evolution to novel habitats (exposed, high-altitude páramo habitats) in the Andean fern genera Jamesonia and Eriosorus. We ...
Mahajan Yatin Y The MARCS Institute, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, New South Wales, - - 2014
Auditory selective attention enables task-relevant auditory events to be enhanced and irrelevant ones suppressed. In the present study we used a frequency tagging paradigm to investigate the effects of attention on auditory steady state responses (ASSR). The ASSR was elicited by simultaneously presenting two different streams of white noise, amplitude ...
McGovern David P DP Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College, Dublin, - - 2014
Recent sensory experience can alter our perception and change the response characteristics of sensory neurons. These effects of sensory adaptation are a ubiquitous property of perceptual systems and are believed to be of fundamental importance to sensory coding. Yet we know little about how adaptation to stimulus ensembles affects our ...
Nöstl Anatole A Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Gävle, Gävle, - - 2014
Participants were requested to respond to a sequence of visual targets while listening to a well-known lullaby. One of the notes in the lullaby was occasionally exchanged with a pattern deviant. Experiment 1 found that deviants capture attention as a function of the pitch difference between the deviant and the ...
Kabatc Janina J Faculty of Chemical Technology and Engineering, University of Technology and Life Sciences, Seminaryjna 3, 85-326 Bydgoszcz, - - 2014
A series of bicationic monochromophoric hemicyanine dyes based on benzothiazolestyrylium residues were synthesized. The dyeing photoinitiating systems consisting of N-[3-(4-methylpyridino)propyl]-2-(p-substituted styryl)benzothiazolium dihalides as chromophores and n-butyltriphenylborate anion as electron donor were also prepared to achieve an efficient photoinitiators for free-radical polymerization in a visible-light region. The relative photoinitiating efficiencies of ...
Silveira Luiz Carlos L LC Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil; Núcleo de Medicina Tropical, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Pará, - - 2014
The howler monkeys (Alouatta sp.) are the only New World primates to exhibit routine trichromacy. Both males and females have three cone photopigments. However, in contrast to Old World monkeys, Alouatta has a locus control region upstream of each opsin gene on the X-chromosome and this might influence the retinal ...
Dieling Simone S MOVE Research Institute Amsterdam, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of upper-leg muscle fatigue on knee joint proprioception in 13 ballet dancers and 13 non-dancer controls. Proprioception acuity, expressed as position and motion sense, was measured with an isokinetic dynamometer. The position and motion sense assessments were prior to and ...
O'Dea Sarah A SA Department of Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Waterfront Campus, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, - - 2014
Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions are forcing rapid ocean chemistry changes and causing ocean acidification (OA), which is of particular significance for calcifying organisms, including planktonic coccolithophores. Detailed analysis of coccolithophore skeletons enables comparison of calcite production in modern and fossil cells in order to investigate biomineralization response of ancient coccolithophores ...
Mullen Kathy T KT McGill Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A - - 2014
While contrast normalization is well known to occur in luminance vision between overlaid achromatic contrasts, and in colour vision between overlaid colour contrasts, it is unknown whether it transfers between colour and luminance contrast. Here we investigate whether contrast detection in colour vision can be normalized by achromatic contrast, or ...
Mortega Kim G KG Department of Migration and Immuno-Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, 78315 Radolfzell, Germany ; Department of Ornithology, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany ; Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ Glasgow, - - 2014
Sexually selected traits contribute substantially to evolutionary diversification, for example by promoting assortative mating. The contributing traits and their relevance for reproductive isolation differ between species. In birds, sexually selected acoustic and visual signals often undergo geographic divergence. Clines in these phenotypes may be used by both sexes in the ...
Kaleta Erin - - 2013
Abstract Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the heavy/light chain and free light chain immunoassays in patients with heavy chain disease, and to assess the ability of the heavy/light chain assay to measure and confirm the abnormal, truncated heavy chain. Methods: Frozen serum samples ...
Sievert Lynnette Leidy - - 2013
Up to 75% of women in the US report having experienced hot flashes during the menopausal transition. The purpose of this review is to describe the physiology of hot flashes, and the ways in which hot flashes have been examined by subjective report and by objective measurement. Hot flashes occur ...
Zemlin Annalise E - - 2013
Monoclonal serum free light chain measurements are used to follow up and manage patients with monoclonal gammopathies, and abnormal serum free light chain ratios are associated with risk of progression in certain diseases. We aimed to validate the reference intervals in our population. Reference intervals for κ and λ free ...
Hubbard Timothy L - - 2013
If an observer sees a flashed (briefly presented) object that is aligned with a moving target, the perceived position of the flashed object usually lags the perceived position of the moving target. This has been referred to as the flash-lag effect, and the flash-lag effect has been suggested to reflect ...
Uzoigwe Ossie Ferdinand - - 2013
Handedness remains an enigmatic phenomenon. There is no definitive explanation as to why man should have single rather than dual handedness. Intuitively it would seem advantageous in almost every context to have the benefit of equally dextrous hands. Either in context of warfare or hunting, using two hands equally as ...
van den Bos R A J M - - 2013
To investigate the cold and hot re-ignition properties of High Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps in more detail an automated setup was designed in such a way that HID lamps of various sizes and under different background pressures can be tested. The HID lamps are ignited with a ramped sinusoidal voltage ...
Picken Maria M - - 2013
Among the various systemic amyloidoses, deposits derived from the immunoglobulin light chain (AL) account for 85% of cases. In this issue, Nasr et al. report 16 cases of renal heavy and light+heavy chain amyloidosis and compare them with renal light chain amyloidosis. While additional studies are needed to shed light ...
Haywood Jessica J Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, 2095 Constant Avenue, University of Kansas, 2095 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66047, - - 2013
The exposure of IgG1 in aqueous solution to light with λ = 254 nm or λ > 295 nm yields products consistent with Trp radical cation formation followed by (α)C-(β)C cleavage of the Trp side chain. The resulting glycyl radicals either are reduced to Gly or add oxygen prior to ...
Brebner Judith A - - 2013
Free light chains are proteins produced by B lymphocytes during the process of antibody synthesis. Their production, as a reflection of B cell activation, can give insight into the activity of the adaptive immune system. In recent years, an automated immunoassay that provides quantitative measurement of free light chains in ...
Shi X-Q XQ Oral Facial Diagnostics and Surgery, Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, - - 2013
The psychophysical properties of a new complementary metal oxide semi-conductor-based detector, ProSensor(®) (Planmeca Oy, Helsinki, Finland), in terms of dose response function and perceptibility curve test were performed and compared with those of a charged couple device-based sensor, Dixi(®) (Planmeca Oy). Dose response functions at 66 kVp for a Dixi and ...
Komatsuda Atsushi - - 2013
A 45-year-old man presented with moderate proteinuria and hematuria. A renal biopsy showed mesangial/endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis, linear deposition of monoclonal immunoglobulin γ1 C(H) 2 heavy chain along glomerular and tubular basement membranes (GBMs and TBMs), granular deposition of κ light chain within the mesangial area, and continuous linear deposits of ...
Lu Connie C Protein Analytical Chemistry, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) is the most commonly used method to separate and quantify monoclonal antibody (mAb) size variants. MAb-A is an IgG1 subtype humanized monoclonal antibody recombinantly produced in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. SEC analysis of MAb-A resolved a peak, named Peak 1, which elutes between monomer and ...
Clark Robin J H - - 2012
The key contributions of the four great Nobel Laureates - Lord Rayleigh, Sir William Ramsay, Lord Rutherford and Sir Chandrasekhara Raman - to the understanding of light scattering, to the identification and classification of the rare gases, and to the discovery in 1928 of the Raman effect are outlined. The ...
van Velzen Jeroen F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Multicolor flow cytometry (MFC) is increasingly important for the diagnosis and minimal residual disease (MRD) assessment of patients with plasma cells (PC) dyscrasias, like multiple myeloma. Recently published information shows that immunophenotype of myeloma PC can change over time and normal PC are heterogeneous in the expression of CD19 ...
Sanders Paul W - - 2012
The tubular nephron is responsible for reabsorption and catabolism of filtered low molecular weight proteins that include Ig free light chains. In the setting of a plasma cell dyscrasia, significant amounts of free light chains, now monoclonal proteins, present to the tubular nephron for disposal. The result may be clinical ...
Nitschke Udo - - 2012
The potential of algae to acclimate to environmental stress is commonly assessed using chlorophyll a fluorescence, with changes in parameters of photosynthesis versus irradiance (P/E) curves measured either as rapid light curves (RLC) or steady-state light curves (LC). Here, effects of emersion on primary photosynthesis of four brown macroalgae (Ascophyllum ...
Schlerf John E - - 2012
The cerebellum is critically important for error-driven adaptive motor learning, as evidenced by the fact that cerebellar patients do not adapt well to sudden predictable perturbations. However, recent work has shown that cerebellar patients adapt much better if the perturbation is gradually introduced. Here we explore physiological mechanisms that underlie ...
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