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Wang Ying Y MOE Key Laboratory of Bioinformatics and Center for Epigenetics and Chromatin, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, - - 2014
Since solar light energy is the source of all renewable biological energy, the direct usage of light energy by bacterial cell factory has been a very attractive concept, especially using light energy to promote anaerobic fermentation growth and even recycle low-energy carbon source when energy is the limiting factor. Proteorhodopsin(PR), ...
Deepika Deepti D Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Bombay, Mumbai, 400076, - - 2014
It is well known that Escherichia coli executes chemotactic motion in response to chemical cues by modulating the flagellar motor bias alone. However, previous studies have reported the possibility of variation in run speed in the presence of attractants although it is unclear whether bacteria can deliberately modulate their swimming ...
Ward Jonathan S JS Department of Chemistry, University of York, York (UK), Fax: (+44) 1904-322516; Centre for Immunology and Infection, Department of Biology, University of York, York - - 2014
The first visible-light-activated carbon-monoxide-releasing molecule (CO-RM) to exhibit a potent effect against Escherichia coli is described. The easily prepared tryptophan-derived manganese-containing complex (TryptoCORM) released 1.4 moles of CO at 465 nm, and 2 moles at 400 nm. A comprehensive synthetic, mechanistic and microbiological study into the behaviour of TryptoCORM is reported. The complex is thermally ...
Lissandrello C C Department of Mechanical Engineering, Division of Materials Science and Engineering, and the Photonics Center, Boston University , Boston, Massachusetts 02215, - - 2014
Nanomechanical motion of bacteria adhered to a chemically functionalized silicon surface is studied by means of a microcantilever. A non-specific binding agent is used to attach Escherichia coli (E. coli) to the surface of a silicon microcantilever. The microcantilever is kept in a liquid medium, and its nanomechanical fluctuations are ...
Wang Jin-Shan JS Departments of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences - - 2014
Efficient regeneration of visual pigment following its destruction by light is critical for the function of mammalian photoreceptors. Here, we show that misexpression of a subset of cone genes in the rd7 mouse hybrid rods enables them to access the normally cone-specific retina visual cycle. The rapid supply of chromophore ...
Cheng Lingyun L Department of Plant Nutrition, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, P. R. - - 2014
Light intensity affects photosynthetic carbon (C) fixation and the supply of carbon to roots. To evaluate interactions between carbon supply and phosphorus (P) supply, effects of light intensity on sucrose accumulation, root growth, cluster root formation, carboxylate exudation, and P uptake capacity were studied in white lupin (Lupinus albus L.) ...
Fajen Brett R - - 2013
A fundamental question about locomotion in the presence of moving objects is whether movements are guided based upon perceived object motion in an observer-centered or world-centered reference frame. The former captures object motion relative to the moving observer and depends on both observer and object motion. The latter captures object ...
Steinicke F - - 2013
Redirected walking (RDW) gives users the ability to explore a virtual world by walking in a confined physical space. It inconspicuously guides them on a physical path that might differ from the path they perceive in the virtual world. Exploiting three motion illusions-the change-blindness illusion, the four-stroke motion illusion, and ...
Davis Phillip A - - 2012
Plants use light to fix carbon through the process of photosynthesis but light also causes photoinhibition, by damaging photosystem II (PSII). Plants can usually adjust their rate of PSII repair to equal the rate of damage, but under stress conditions or supersaturating light-intensities damage may exceed the rate of repair. ...
Rodger Matthew W M - - 2012
Music is a rich form of nonverbal communication, in which the movements that expert musicians make during performance can influence the perception of expressive and structural features of the music. Whether the actual skill of a musician is perceivable from vision of movement was examined. In Experiment 1, musicians and ...
Wen Feng - - 2012
Chloroplast avoidance movements is one of most important physiological events in response to high blue light (BL) mediated by phototropin 2 (phot2), which reduces the damage to photosynthetic machinery under excess light. Protein phosphatase 2A-2 (PP2A-2) is one of the isoforms of the catalytic subunit of PP2A, which regulates a ...
Larson Peter - - 2011
Abstract Although the biomechanical properties of the various types of running foot strike (rearfoot, midfoot, and forefoot) have been studied extensively in the laboratory, only a few studies have attempted to quantify the frequency of running foot strike variants among runners in competitive road races. We classified the left and ...
Johnston Trevor - - 2011
Measures of lexical frequency presuppose the existence of corpora, but true machine-readable corpora of sign languages (SLs) are only now being created. Lexical frequency ratings for SLs are needed because there has been a heavy reliance on the interpretation of results of psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic experiments in the SL research ...
Jones Leah - - 2011
Orthostatic tremor is characterised by a feeling of unsteadiness that is accompanied by a high frequency (13-18 Hz) tremor of the legs when standing, and which is relieved by sitting or walking. We describe a typical patient whose condition gradually progressed so that eventually he could no longer stand still. ...
Smolarz Katarzyna - - 2011
This study reports the occurrence of shell deformities in the Baltic clam Macoma balthica from the Northern Baltic Sea (Trösa Archipelago, Sweden). The functional significance and the bioindicative potential of observed exoskeleton' anomalies was assessed using a suite of physiological and morphological biomarkers. Analyzed shell deformations (SD) included damages of ...
Jenkins Walter L - - 2011
Excessive hip motion has been linked to lower extremity pathology. Foot orthoses are commonly used to control motion within lower extremity joints when lower extremity pathology and dysfunction are present. Few studies have investigated the effect of foot orthoses on hip angular kinematics during functional activities. Eighteen females and 18 ...
van den Berg Martin - - 2011
The purpose of this work is to describe how the visual system groups surfaces of unequal lightness under complex patterns of illumination. We propose that the Gestalt principle of Grouping by Regularity explains this process better than the more often cited principle of Grouping by Similarity. In our first experiment ...
Cope Thomas Edmund TE Auditory Group, Institute of Neuroscience, The Medical School, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK. - - 2011
(1) To use a loudness model to assess the influence of loudness recruitment on estimates of the loudness of tinnitus obtained by loudness matching; (2) To compare the effect of background noise on the loudness of tinnitus for individuals who are unilaterally deaf after resection of vestibular schwannoma (VS) and ...
Sabashi Kishio - - 2011
To investigate the relationship between nasal obstruction and lip-closing force. Nasal airway resistance and lip-closing force measures were recorded for 54 Japanese females. The subjects were classified into normal and nasal obstruction groups according to nasal airway resistance values. Differences between the normal and nasal obstruction groups in lip-closing force ...
Torr S J - - 2011
Recent studies of Palpalis group tsetse [Glossina fuscipes fuscipes (Diptera: Glossinidae) in Kenya] suggest that small (0.25 × 0.25 m) insecticide-treated targets will be more cost-effective than the larger (≥1.0 × 1.0 m) designs currently used to control tsetse. Studies were undertaken in Zimbabwe to assess whether small targets are ...
Lee Jeehyun J Hospitality Management, Culinary Arts and Food Science, Drexel Univ, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2011
Light, medium, and dark colored kernels from 3 different cultivars (Emma K, Kwik Krop, and Sparks 127) and one wild species of black walnut were studied for their aroma volatiles. Solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to determine the aromatic compounds present in the headspace of these samples. Partial least ...
Khatamian Yasha Borna - - 2011
Two-dimensional temporal clustering analysis (2D-TCA) is a relatively new functional MRI (fMRI) based technique that breaks blood oxygen level dependent activity into separate components based on timing and has shown potential for localizing epileptic activity independently of electroencephalography (EEG). 2D-TCA has only been applied to detect epileptic activity in a ...
Yeoh Shin-Yong - - 2011
Yellow alkaline noodles (YAN) prepared by partial substitution of wheat flour with soy protein isolate and treated with microbial transglutaminase (MTG) and ribose were investigated during cooking. Cooking caused an increase in lightness but a decrease in redness and yellowness, pH, tensile strength and elasticity values of noodles. The extents ...
Sober E - - 2011
In Adaptation and Natural Selection, George C. Williams linked the distinction between group and individual adaptation with the distinction between group and individual selection. Williams' Principle, as we will call it, says that adaptation at a level requires selection at that level. This is a necessary but not a sufficient ...
Yang Han Hsuan - - 2011
EEG reactions in emotional face recognition were studied in five participants with Asperger syndrome (AS) and seven control subjects. Control subjects showed a spectral power increase following the stimulus onset in two time-frequency intervals-(1) 150-300ms in the 1-16Hz frequency range, and (2) 300-650ms in the 1-8Hz range. Also, alpha/beta desynchronization ...
Cameron Brendan D BD School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T1Z1, - - 2011
Magescas et al. (Exp Brain Res 193:337-350, 2009) recently suggested that online error, unlike terminal error, does not lead to reach adaptation. The present study re-examines adaptation to online target error, but uses a small target perturbation and eliminates online vision of the limb, factors that may affect adaptation. We ...
Aydın Murat - - 2011
Dynamic stimuli are ubiquitous in natural viewing conditions implying that grouping operations need to operate, not only in space, but also jointly in space and time. Moreover, in natural viewing, attention plays an important role in controlling how resources are allocated. We investigated how attention interacts with spatio-temporal perceptual grouping ...
Chen Lihan - - 2011
Previous studies have repeatedly demonstrated the impact of Gestalt structural grouping principles upon the parsing of motion correspondence in ambiguous apparent motion. Here, by embedding Chinese characters in a visual Ternus display that comprised two stimulus frames, we showed that the perception of visual apparent motion can be modulated by ...
Nolan John M - - 2011
This study was conducted to investigate whether augmentation of macular pigment (MP) enhances visual performance (VP). 121 normal subjects were recruited. The active (A) group consumed 12mg of lutein (L) and 1mg of zeaxanthin (Z) daily. MP optical density (MPOD) was assessed by customized heterochromatic flicker photometry. VP was assessed ...
Lerner Arturo G - - 2011
Eight high-potency heavy cannabis smokers who fulfilled DSM-IV-TR criteria for cannabis dependence sought treatment for outpatient detoxification. During routine psychiatric interview they reported the presence of visual disturbances when intoxicated and no prior history of LSD use. They all communicated the persistence of visual disturbances after ceasing cannabis use. Seven ...
Karmakar Chandan K - - 2011
A novel descriptor (Complex Correlation Measure (CCM)) for measuring the variability in the temporal structure of Poincaré plot has been developed to characterize or distinguish between Poincaré plots with similar shapes. This study was designed to assess the changes in temporal structure of the Poincaré plot using CCM during atropine ...
Pillot Marie-Hélène - - 2011
Individuals of gregarious species that initiate collective movement require mechanisms of cohesion in order to maintain advantages of group living. One fundamental question in the study of collective movement is what individual rules are employed when making movement decisions. Previous studies have revealed that group movements often depend on social ...
Chang Ta-Yuan - - 2011
The association between occupational noise exposure and hypertension is inconsistent because of an exposure bias caused by outer-ear measurements of noise levels among workers. This study used hearing loss values (HLVs) measured at 4 kHz and 6 kHz in both ears as a biomarker to investigate the chronic effects of ...
Yoshii Yuichi Y Orthopedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Division of Orthopedic Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street South West, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to measure the rate-dependent changes in the relative motion of subsynovial connective tissue (SSCT) and median nerve in the human carpal tunnel. Using fluoroscopy, we measured the relative motion of middle finger flexor digitorum superficialis tendon, SSCT, and median nerve in eight human cadavers ...
Paillard Thierry - - 2010
This work analyses surfers' postural control and their use of visual information in static (stable) and dynamic (unstable) postures according to their level of competition. Two groups of healthy surfers were investigated: a group of local level surfers (LOC) (n = 8) and a group of national/international level surfers (NIN) (n = 9). Posture ...
Eklund Beatrix - - 2010
Behavioural synchrony (allelomimetic behaviour), and inter-individual distances are aspects of social and anti-predator strategies which may have been affected by domestication. Chickens are known to adjust synchronization and inter-individual distances depending on behaviour. We hypothesized that White Leghorn (WL) chickens would show less synchronized behaviour than the ancestor, the red ...
Wu Linbo - - 2011
Novel multiblock polyesterurethanes containing crystalline hard and amorphous soft segments and pendant cinnamamide moieties were designed and synthesized via a two-step polyaddition reaction using N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) cinnamamide (BHECA), biodegradable poly(l,l-lactide) (PLLA), and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) diols as raw materials and hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) as coupling agent and characterized by (1)H NMR, FTIR, ...
You Sung-Yeop - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the lifespan of one nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary file when used in reciprocating motion and to compare the time required for its preparation of a curved root canal using both reciprocating and continuous motion. One hundred twenty curved canals from 60 extracted maxillary ...
Summers Robert J - - 2010
In an isolated syllable, a formant will tend to be segregated perceptually if its fundamental frequency (F0) differs from that of the other formants. This study explored whether similar results are found for sentences, and specifically whether differences in F0 (ΔF0) also influence across-formant grouping in circumstances where the exclusion ...
Iengo Elisabetta - - 2011
According to NMR evidence the metal-mediated sandwich assemblies of porphyrins 2 and 3 undergo in solution a thermally driven motion that resembles that of a stepper: the spontaneous rotational motion of the pyridyl rings is converted into a reciprocating linear motion of the porphyrins.
Krenmayr Andreas - - 2010
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to develop comprehensive test material for Mandarin tone identification in noise for a male and a female talker. Additionally, the sensitivity index d' as a measure for the listeners' performance to identify individual tones was evaluated. Design: The study followed a prospective ...
Celebi Nukhet - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to develop a motion simulator capable of recreating and recording the full range of mandibular motions in a cadaveric preparation for an intact temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and after total joint replacement. A human cadaver head was used. Two sets of tracking balls were attached ...
Liu Hui - - 2010
Javelin throwing is technically demanding. Sequences of upper and lower extremity motions are important for javelin throwing performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the general sequences of upper and lower extremity motions of elite male and female javelin throwers. Three-dimensional kinematic data were collected for 32 female ...
Ferreira Louis M - - 2011
The selection of a joint coordinate system affects the outcome of motion pathways. We developed coordinate systems for the ulna and humerus, which are generated from upper extremity motion. These Motion-Derived Coordinate Systems (CS) were compared to traditional Anatomy-Derived CS created using surface digitizations of anatomical features. Within-subject repeatability of ...
Du Plessis M - - 2011
To systematically review the evidence on the effect of continuous passive motion, combined with usual physiotherapy management, on increasing shoulder joint range of motion and muscle strength, and reducing shoulder pain in adults following rotator cuff repair, compared with standard physiotherapy. Data sources: A comprehensive search in available bibliographic electronic ...
Kim Young Bin - - 2010
We introduce a three-way molecular motion which can be a suitable switching system in future molecule-based nanocircuits. A real-space investigation revealed that vinylferrocene adsorbs site-specifically on the Ge(100) surface and then shows a reversible tilting motion, similar to a seesaw. Unlike conventional molecular motions, it not only has three stable ...
West John D - - 2010
The endodontic Glidepath is the secret to radicular rotary safety. This article has offered a definition of Glidepath, explained why it is important in producing optimum endodontic mechanics, and described how to prepare a Glidepath for radicular shaping. Four obstacles to Glidepath preparation have been identified along with the solution ...
Lou Hui - - 2010
With the proliferation of motion capture data, interest in removing noise and outliers from motion capture data has increased. In this paper, we introduce an efficient human motion denoising technique for the simultaneous removal of noise and outliers from input human motion data. The key idea of our approach is ...
Robb Andrew J - - 2010
Pelvis and trunk motions during baseball pitching are associated with ball velocity. Thus, limits in hip flexibility may adversely affect pitching biomechanics and the ability to generate ball velocity. Professional baseball pitchers will have less passive range of motion in the nondominant hip and the measured ranges of motion of ...
Chateauroux Elodie - - 2010
This paper presents a detailed description of car egress motion by younger and older participants. The objective of these analyses is to gather knowledge about egress motion in order to simulate them using a Digital Human Model. Seven young (from 20 to 35 years old) and eighteen older volunteers (from ...
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