Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 498
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Zetes D E - - 1997
Current hypotheses regarding mechanotransduction rely upon motion of the stereocilia relative to the apical surface of the hair cell. The viscosity of the surrounding endolymphatic fluid will, however, attenuate stereocilia motion at higher frequencies of excitation. To investigate stereocilia motion for physiologically reasonable deflections and frequencies of excitation, the fluid-structure ...
Bajaj-Luthra A A Facial Nerve Center, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pa., - - 1997
The maximal static response assay of facial motion, described in 1994, enables the simultaneous measurement of multiple facial motions by tracking the positions of specific facial points. While the maximal static response assay provides accurate measurement of facial motion, the analysis of these data lacks the simplicity of a single-number ...
Wolfe S W - - 1997
Seven uninjured and three injured patients were studied using midsagittal computed tomographic (CT) images at 10 degrees increments from full extension to full flexion. Each injured patient had a confirmed scapholunate ligament tear and normal radiographs. CT bony contours were digitized, and incremental motion determined using a specifically designed automated ...
Bühler D W - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates by means of a new bone-prosthesis interface motion detector whether conceptual design differences of femoral stems are reflected in their primary stability pattern. DESIGN: An in vitro experiment using a biaxial materials testing machine in combination with three-dimensional motion measurement devices was performed. BACKGROUND: Primary stability ...
Gerbino W - - 1997
Paradoxical absence of motion in a rotating pattern is reported. The effect requires that the motion of the paradoxically stationary figure be underspecified by local motion signals, and that the paradoxically stationary figure be well segregated. This is consistent with proposals that figural segregation affects the integration of local motion ...
Rovetta A - - 1997
This paper deals with the design and the development of an equipment, called DDI, as acronym for Disease Detector, developed for the quantitative analysis of neuromotor diseases. It measures the reaction of a person evaluating in the motion of one finger of the hand the time response, the velocity of ...
McPoil T G - - 1996
Despite the fact that clinicians regularly perform static lower extremity measurements on their patients, to date, little research has been published supporting their ability to predict dynamic rearfoot motion. The abilities of static measurements to predict dynamic foot motion could have important implications considering the fact that excessive rearfoot motion ...
Chiu H Y - - 1996
We have used the motion analysis system to evaluate the maximal area of fingertip motion. Some modification in setting the cameras and use of a smaller marker is required. In this series, 58 examinations have been accomplished on 28 fingers with various traumatic injuries. The closed curve derived from the ...
Richard R - - 1996
Burn scar contracture results from an insufficient amount of extensible tissue to permit complete range of motion. The purpose of this study was to develop a mathematic model to estimate additional tissue length required for full range of motion in the presence of a scar contracture. Seven areas with a ...
Gûnal I - - 1996
We measured, with a universal full-circle manual goniometer, the active and passive arcs of motion of the shoulder, elbow, forearm, and wrist in 1000 healthy male subjects who were right-hand dominant and who ranged in age from eighteen to twenty-two years. The ranges of motion on the right side were ...
Hirano Y - - 1996
While downhill snow skiing, recreational alpine skiers enjoy making turning motions with their skis. These motions are mainly induced by skidding, while turning by alpine ski racers is made by carving a trace in the snow. In the present study we treat the turning motions by recreational alpine skiers. This ...
Werner F W - - 1996
A computer controlled wrist joint motion simulator has been developed that actively moves forearms from cadavers through cyclic planar flexion-extension motions, planar radial-ulnar deviation motions, and combined motions such as circumduction. Hybrid position-force feedback control algorithms are used to determine the wrist flexor and extensor tendon forces necessary to achieve ...
Nilsson N - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To define normal ranges of passive cervical motion for 20-60-yr-olds. DESIGN: A survey of 90 asymptomatic white-collar workers. SETTING: A local government administrative headquarters. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety healthy volunteers, recruited through in-house advertisements among the employees at the Funen County Hall (Denmark). INTERVENTION: Measurement of range of motion using a ...
Kubota H - - 1996
This study was undertaken to evaluate the individual effects of motion and tension on the healing response of injured flexor profundus tendons in chickens. Partial midsection transverse lacerations of the profundus tendons were produced in 53 chickens. Postoperatively, they were assigned randomly to four management groups: both motion and tension; ...
Fruits T J - - 1996
The effects on surface roughness of three specific classifications of abrasive motion during the polishing of selected amalgam and resin composite materials were evaluated with a profilometer. Equivalent grit sizes were used to evaluate the character of the surface created by each class of abrasive motion. The motions investigated were ...
Engsberg J R - - 1996
Previous studies investigating motion of the ankle joint complex (AJC) and its relationship to chronic long-distance running injuries have quantified motion relative to a neutral position. No investigators have examined pronation during running relative to a total range of motion of the AJC. This investigation developed a method to quantify ...
Thunthy K H - - 1996
The experiment used the computer-aided CommCat model IS 2000 tomographic machine (Imaging Sciences International, Roebling, N.J.). The objective of the experiment was to study the influence of tomographic tube motion, tomographic slice thickness, and object thickness on film density. The experiment was conducted by x-radiating an aluminum step-wedge placed along ...
Kuiper J H - - 1996
Large cyclic movements between the femoral stem and bone during the first weeks after total hip arthroplasty may hamper bone ingrowth and adversely affect the eventual success of the arthroplasty. Little is known, however, about the magnitude of the motions and its relationship to design and surgical factors. A two-dimensional ...
Sekuler R - - 1996
Max Wertheimer's 1912 monograph on apparent motion is a seminal contribution to the study of visual motion, but its actual contents are not widely known. This article attempts to clarify what the monograph did and did not contribute, emphasizing links between Wertheimer's principal findings and the results of subsequent investigations ...
Kikukawa T - - 1995
We measured the flash-induced absorption anisotropies of mutant bacteriorhodopsin (bR), D96N, in the purple membrane suspension. The measured anisotropy decay at 410 nm differed from that at 570 nm. These wavelength-dependent anisotropies show that the motion of absorption dipole of non-excited bR is faster than that of M-intermediate. The motion ...
Barden W - - 1995
Arthritis commonly affects the hand and wrist in children and may contribute to loss of range of motion and force of the muscles surrounding the involved joints. The purpose of this case report is to describe a physical therapy protocol for managing a subluxated wrist in children with arthritis. Measures ...
Evans R B - - 1995
Postoperative management of the extensor tendon injury has been altered over the past 15 years from treatment with 4 to 6 weeks of immobilization to controlled passive motion and, now, to active SAM with minimal tension and wrist tenodesis programs. The concepts of immediate motion are supported biochemically in experimental ...
Yamashita S - - 1995
The dynamical properties of subsite C of hen egg-white lysozyme were investigated using Kyn62-lysozyme as an active analogue. Time-resolved fluorescence depolarization studies showed that the segmental motion of kynurenine which was important in subsite C was described with two components of which the rotational correlation times were phi 1 = ...
Silfverskiöld K L - - 1995
23 tendon transfers in the hand and forearm were performed using a polyester mesh sleeve to reinforce conventional suture techniques. All transfers were mobilized with active flexion and extension within 3 days of operation. Excluding one rupture (due to extreme unintentional loading) and depending on the type of transfer used, ...
Ulfendahl M - - 1995
To investigate the presence of the postulated shearing motion in the micromechanics of the inner ear during sound stimulations we measured the vibratory response of the tectorial membrane and the reticular lamina in the third cochlear turn in an isolated temporal bone preparation using confocal laser heterodyne interferometry. The mechanical ...
Hatze H - - 1995
A new concept is presented for quantifying the variability of iterated human motions and other recurrent biological phenomena. The concept is based on the idea of interpreting the variations occurring in repeatedly executed stereotyped motions as particular realizations of a regular stochastic process with superimposed but infrequently occurring chaotic excursions. ...
Pappas A M - - 1995
A computerized hand and wrist motion analysis system was modified to capture data at a rate of up to 1000 Hz. Using this system, wrist flexion and extension data were collected on five right-handed professional pitchers (75 pitches). A wrist position versus time graph was generated for each pitch. The ...
Small R G - - 1995
PURPOSE: The blepharogram technique is used to study the effect of a drug on blinking. The authors show that ocular instillation of phenylephrine, a stimulant of Müller muscle of the eyelid, accelerates the up phase of the blink. METHODS: Motion of a tiny search coil glued to the eyelid moving ...
Vasen A P - - 1995
One hundred normal upper extremities in 50 adults were sequentially studied in a Bledsoe brace, which limited elbow motion. The amount of flexion and extension of the elbow was serially limited by 15 degree increments. At each setting, the subjects were asked to perform 12 activities of daily living. The ...
Kubová Z - - 1995
In addition to standard pattern-reversal VEPs, the motion on-set VEPs were examined in 50 patients with acute unilateral retrobulbar neuritis (RN) and in 187 patients with possible or definite multiple sclerosis (MS). In MS patients (without sign or history of RN), the results of both types of VEPs correlated only ...
Cornwall M W - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of two-dimensional (2-D) analysis with respect to three-dimensional (3-D) analysis for recording rearfoot motion during walking. The results of this study indicated that rearfoot motion measured with either 2-D or 3-D analysis is essentially the same for the initial 60% ...
Schoenmarklin R W - - 1994
One of the major research voids in the study of occupational hand/wrist cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) is the lack of quantification of the relationship between the known kinematic risk factors, such as wrist angle and repetition, and CTD risk. A previously published article in this journal (Marras and Schoenmarklin 1993) ...
Rousselet J - - 1994
Structures possessing spatial asymmetry should act as pumps in the presence of dissipation alone, without the need for macroscopic forces or temperature differences to drive vectorial motion. It has been shown theoretically that particles subjected to an asymmetric periodic potential can display net directional motion even if the space-averaged force ...
Bainbridge L C - - 1994
We report a comparative study of the outcome of flexor tendon repairs mobilized by either a "passive flexion-active extension" or a "controlled active motion" regimen. We show that the controlled active motion regimen conferred significant benefits on the final range of motion and extensor lag. The rupture rate was raised ...
Mazolewski P - - 1994
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To test the effectiveness of strapping techniques in reducing lateral motion of volunteers restrained on a backboard. DESIGN: Randomized block experimentation. SETTING: Medical products research and design laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy adult volunteers with no history of head, neck, or back trauma. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were restrained on a wooden ...
Millan-Rodriguez Juan - - 1994
We study defect motion in a rotating convection cell. We present numerical results of a generalized Swift-Hohenberg equation, which provides a model description of the vertically averaged three-dimensional (3-D) hydrodynamic equations. Our model includes non-Boussinesq effects. It also accounts for the effects of the Coriolis force induced by a rotation ...
Kuwahara T - - 1994
To investigate the effect of malocclusion on mandibular movement during speech, the Sirognathograph Analyzing System was used to analyze the form of the envelope of motion during speech, as well as the relationship between the envelope of motion and eccentric movement paths, in 10 normal subjects and 60 subjects having ...
Acton G D - - 1994
The plate-motion circuit through the South Pacific and Antarctica is shown to fail paleomagnetic tests of consistency. These failures imply that reconstructions of Pacific basin plates relative to surrounding plates inferred from this circuit are systematically in error and that estimates of motion between hotspots inferred from this circuit are ...
Jampolsky A - - 1994
We have examined the effects of preoperative, full-time alternate occlusion on the development of visual motion processing mechanisms. Motion visual evoked potentials (MVEPs) were recorded longitudinally in 14 infantile esotropia patients during the course of standard preoperative occlusion therapy. The MVEP in these patients was initially asymmetric in a fashion ...
Prigent F M - - 1993
Although patient motion on 201Tl SPECT studies has been reported as a source of artifacts, systematic studies on motion patterns and resultant artifacts are lacking. Accordingly, we simulated 74 motion patterns upon a normal study. The tomograms were assessed for presence of defects: The "motion pixel area index" ranged from ...
Dananberg H J - - 1993
The body is designed to pull the center of mass over a single pivotal site formed by dorsiflexion of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. If this response dorsiflexion motion is blocked by functional hallux limitus, then the kinetic energy, which is created for this motion, must somehow be dissipated. The process ...
Jordan K T - - 1993
Prepackaged plaster and fiberglass splints are used in many emergency departments. This study evaluated the effectiveness of short-arm cast (SAC), volar fiberglass wrist splint (FWS), and volar plaster wrist splint (PWS) in limiting wrist range of motion. Ten healthy male volunteers between the ages of 18 and 35 years were ...
Wagner J - - 1993
Stabilizing the balance of the boat is a main task of the rowing motion. This leads to movements which are asymmetrical relative to the boat's plane of symmetry. The three-dimensional motion of the boat should be measured when investigating the elements of keeping the balance. This spatial motion must be ...
Reynolds H M - - 1993
The clinician needs an objective way to measure limb motion in the straight-leg-raising test. A biomechanical algorithm was used to quantify resistance to motion in 15 asymptomatic subjects. Measurements from a pendulum electrogoniometer and hand-held load cell were used to calculate a moment representing passive resistance to motion. After three ...
Dent J A - - 1993
This paper reviews the literature comparing the results obtained in applying regimes involving motion with those involving rest following injury or surgery. The deleterious effects of immobilisation are compared to those obtained under conditions of passive motion and intermittent passive motion. It is concluded that continuous passive motion (CPM) represents ...
Fisher D L - - 1993
Repetitive motion disorders of the upper extremities are the primary cause of lost time in hand-intensive industries. Typical remedies include the introduction of job aids and the redesign of the job. An alternative approach is considered here. Procedures are developed that can be used to determine the parameters of a ...
Almekinders L C - - 1993
Repetitive motion injuries such as tendonitis are common sports injuries. However, few scientific studies are available on the effects of repetitive motion on mesenchymal cells and the presumed inflammatory response. This study used a new in vitro model to study the effects of repetitive motion. Human tendon fibroblasts were subcultured ...
Moran M E - - 1992
We compared the effects of continuous passive motion with those of intermittent active motion on the results of the resurfacing with autogenous periosteal grafts of full-thickness defects on the articular surface of rabbit patellae. Of 45 rabbits with defects, 30 received grafts. Fifteen of these had continuous passive motion for ...
Nigg B M - - 1992
Movement of the foot is essential for human locomotion. The purpose of this paper was to quantify the range of motion of the foot as a function of age and to compare the rage of motion measurements for the foot in a laboratory coordinate system and a coordinate system fixed ...
Blake R L - - 1992
The addition of an extrinsic rearfoot post to an orthotic device allows the podiatric practitioner to modify the function of the device. Specifically, rearfoot posts are used to allow for a more inverted heel position at contact, to provide greater resistance to abnormal frontal plane motion of the calcaneus and ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >