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Results 251 - 300 of 493
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Cleveland Robin O - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: During SWL, stone motion secondary to ventilatory motion can be as much as 50 mm. This is much larger than the 4- to 15-mm diameter of the focal regions on most clinical machines. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of stone motion on ...
Limongi Orlando - - 2004
The present study conducted an in vitro evaluation of the presence of apical deviation on the root canal preparation of the mesiobuccal roots of human maxillary molars employing automated handpieces with continuous motion, the Pow R system (Moyco Union Broach), and alternate motion, the M4 system (Kerr). Analysis of the ...
Mennen U - - 2004
The arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) disc-o-gram is presented as a way to measure the effect of hand therapy, splinting and/or surgery on the AMC patient. It also allows comparative measurement of passive motion (in the baby), active motion (in the young child) and function (in the older child and adult). ...
Massey C Dwayne - - 2004
The purpose of this investigation was to compare partial range of motion versus full range of motion training in the development of maximal strength. The bench press was used as the criterion measurement. The study was conducted over a 10-week period with training sessions occurring twice per week. Subjects were ...
Moritomo Hisao - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to obtain qualitative and quantitative information regarding in vivo 3-dimensional (3D) kinematics of the midcarpal joint during wrist radioulnar deviation (RUD). METHODS: We studied the in vivo kinematics of the midcarpal joint during wrist RUD in the right wrists of 10 volunteers by ...
Grunewald Alexander - - 2004
Motion repulsion is the illusory enlargement of the angle between objects moving in two different directions of motion. Previous work suggests that motion repulsion occurs under dichoptic conditions, and therefore is binocular. In reference repulsion the direction of motion is misperceived even if only a single direction of motion is ...
Werner Frederick W - - 2004
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to measure the in vitro scaphoid and lunate motion during 9 different variations of a wrist dart throw motion. Another goal was to determine the specific dart throw motion that minimized scaphoid and lunate motion. METHODS: Scaphoid and lunate motion were recorded ...
Rougier P - - 2004
The visual feedback technique (VFB) is recognized by several studies as a valuable tool for re-establishing the balance functions. However, one former study has highlighted the fact that the increased control induced by this technique infer both favourable (the amplitudes of the horizontal motions of the centre of gravity (CoG(h)) ...
Tychsen Lawrence - - 2004
PURPOSE: Infantile strabismus in humans and the monkey is associated with maldevelopment of visual motion responsiveness, one manifestation of which is directionally asymmetric motion visual evoked potentials (motion VEPs). Early repair of strabismus in infant monkeys has been shown to restore normal development of motion responsiveness for pursuit and optokinetic ...
Mattissen D - - 2004
A special technique for in-situ observation and recording of triple junction motion is introduced. The described method makes it possible to study the motion of connected grain boundaries, i.e. triple junctions and their geometry. The results of an investigation of the steady-state motion of grain boundary systems with triple junctions ...
Marian Jaime - - 2004
The motion of dislocations in response to stress dictates the mechanical behaviour of materials. However, it is not yet possible to directly observe dislocation motion experimentally at the atomic level. Here, we present the first observations of the long-hypothesized kink-pair mechanism in action using atomistic simulations of dislocation motion in ...
Rother Michael A - - 2004
Collision efficiencies are determined for two surfactant-covered spherical drops in the limits of nearly uniform surface coverage and bulk insolubility for Brownian and/or gravitational motion as a function of drop-size ratio, drop-to-medium viscosity ratio, and retardation parameter. For two equal-sized drops in Brownian motion in the limit of small viscosity ...
Adams Brian D - - 2003
PURPOSE: To quantify and compare the disabilities caused by reduced and absent wrist motion using objective measurements of task performance and perceived disability, and to assess the compensatory motions of the shoulder, elbow, forearm, and trunk caused by impaired wrist motion. METHODS: A clinical study of 21 normal subjects was ...
Anderson Andrew James - - 2003
Motion camouflage is a stealth strategy that allows a predator to conceal its apparent motion as it approaches a moving prey. Although male hoverflies have been observed to move in a manner consistent with motion camouflage to track females, the successful application of the technique has not previously been demonstrated. ...
Jayaraman Anandhan - - 2003
We present an experimental study of the motion of a solid sphere falling through a wormlike micellar fluid. While smaller or lighter spheres quickly reach a terminal velocity, larger or heavier spheres are found to oscillate in the direction of their falling motion. The onset of this instability correlates with ...
Clyburn Terry A - - 2003
Reports indicate that constrained acetabular cups may reduce range of motion and catastrophically fail, although the biomechanics of dislocation have not been reported. We measured the available motion in 6 constrained cups (from 2 manufacturers) when anatomically placed in cadaver pelves. We measured the torque and rotation necessary to dislocate ...
Butler Robert J - - 2003
Orthoses have been designed that claim to both reduce shock and control rearfoot motion. It was hypothesized that the dual-purpose soft orthosis would reduce shock and control rearfoot motion greater than a no-orthotic condition. Three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data were collected along with tibial acceleration while subjects ran in no-orthotic, ...
Rougier Patrice - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the instantaneous effects of visual feedback on undisturbed stance control mechanisms. DESIGN: The controlling variable, the centre of pressure trajectories, recorded using a force platform, were decomposed into two elementary motions: (1) the horizontal displacements of the centre of gravity and (2) the vertical projection of the ...
Hato Naohito - - 2003
The literature provides conflicting information on whether the motion of the stapes footplate is piston-like or some other type of motion, such as rotational or rocking. Examination of the three-dimensional (3D) motion of the stapes footplate appears to be an excellent way to understand this complicated motion. Five microsphere reflective ...
Nadzadi Mark E - - 2003
Dislocation remains a disturbingly frequent complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Over the past several years, increasingly rigorous biomechanical approaches have been developed for studying dislocation, both experimentally and computationally. Realism of the input motion challenge data has lagged behind most other aspects of this body of work, and anterior ...
Cupon Leanne N - - 2003
Measurement of spinal range of motion (ROM) along with strength, endurance, coordination, and sensation are among the essential determinants of musculoskeletal function. These measurements are important to the chiropractic physician concentrating in the fields of impairment rating, disability evaluation and independent medical examination (forensic examiner). An important initial step toward ...
Upal Mohammad Anwar - - 2003
Present in-vivo carpal kinematic studies have been limited to flexion-extension and radio-ulnar deviation. However these simple motions do not represent the full range of wrist motion employed during activities of daily living. In this study, we investigated combined carpal bone motions for one normal subject. A healthy left wrist from ...
Moojen Thybout M - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to quantify 3-dimensional (3-D) in vivo scaphoid kinematics during flexion-extension motion (FEM) and radial-ulnar deviation (RUD) of the hand. The right wrists of 11 healthy volunteers were imaged by spiral computed tomography during RUD and 5 of those wrists also during FEM. With a ...
Savel'ev Sergey - - 2002
A new generation of microscopic ratchet systems is currently being developed for controlling the motion of electrons and fluxons, as well as for particle separation and electrophoresis. Virtually all of these use static spatially asymmetric potential energies to control transport properties. Here we propose completely new types of ratchet-like systems ...
Babiker M - - 2002
In the interaction of molecules with light endowed with orbital angular momentum, an exchange of orbital angular momentum in an electric dipole transition occurs only between the light and the center of mass motion; i.e., internal "electronic-type" motion does not participate in any exchange of orbital angular momentum in a ...
Sunada S - - 2002
Thrips fly at a chord-based Reynolds number of approximately 10 using bristled rather than solid wings. We tested two dynamically scaled mechanical models of a thrips forewing. In the bristled design, cylindrical rods model the bristles of the forewing; the solid design was identical to the bristled one in shape, ...
Bulatov Vasily V - - 2002
We show that, contrary to the prevailing perception, dislocations can become more mobile by zipping together to form junctions. In a series of direct atomistic simulations, the critical stress to move a junction network in a [110] plane of bcc molybdenum is found to be always smaller ( approximately 50%) ...
Reynolds Harmony R - - 2002
Paradoxical septal motion has been reported as characteristic of Ebstein's anomaly. The patient reported here has the characteristic apical displacement of the tricuspid value, but septal motion is uncharacteristically normal. Because there is only mild tricuspid regurgitation, it is likely that the absence of right ventricular volume overload accounts for ...
Furuichi Nozomu - - 2002
In nature, animals are classified into two large groups. Those that form the prey and that form the predator. A prey animal runs for its life when chased by a predatory animal. When prey animals escape from the chasing enemy, they generally use two types of evasive motion. Those are ...
Quinn R A - - 2002
A technique for characterizing the particle interaction potential of a Coulomb crystal is developed. The mean-square displacement (MSD) is measured, showing both caged- and superdiffusive-particle motions. By subtracting the center of mass of neighboring particles in computing MSD, only short-wavelength particle motions are retained. This yields the lattice Einstein frequency, ...
Zhao Chunfeng - - 2002
Clinical and experimental studies have shown that postoperative rehabilitation is an important factor that improves digital function after flexor tendon repair. In the current study, the effect of synergistic wrist and finger motion therapy and fixed flexed wrist motion therapy on the in vivo gliding excursion was evaluated after repair ...
Su F-C - - 2002
The aim of the study was to verify the application of a three-dimensional video motion analysis system to evaluate maximal fingertip motion area and angular variation of the hand by comparison and correlation with videofluoroscopic analysis. Eight normal subjects were recruited in this study. The maximal motion area of the ...
Cutting James E - - 2002
Representing motion in a picture is a challenge to artists, scientists, and all other imagemakers. Moreover, it presents a problem that will not go away with electronic and digital media, because often the pedagogical purpose of the representation of motion is more important than the motion itself. All satisfactory solutions ...
Young Kuu-Young - - 2002
It has been observed that human limb motions are not very accurate, leading to the hypothesis that the human motor control system may have simplified motion commands at the expense of motion accuracy. Inspired by this hypothesis, we propose learning schemes that trade motion accuracy for motion command simplification. When ...
Tobin Robert M - - 2002
As part of an oximetry research effort in which plethysmographic data were collected from moving patients, a wide variety of patient motion affecting pulse oximetry was observed and characterized by the clinical incidence, type, severity and duration of patient motion. 350 patients were observed for movement in clinical settings, including ...
Chen Y - - 2001
In their classic study on motion repulsion, Marshak and Sekuler (Science 205 (1979) 1399) reported a repulsion of up to 10 degrees when two different directions of motion were presented dichoptically. However, subjects in that study did not experience binocular rivalry, presumably because of the brief presentation time. In the ...
Chauhan A - - 2001
PURPOSE: Ineffectual removal of potentially harmful species from the postlens tear film (POLTF) may lead to adverse responses among extended wearers of soft contact lenses. It is apparently important to remove bacteria, cell debris, and metabolic products from the postlens tear film to the outer tear lake; the flushing or ...
Jonathan D - - 2001
An effective interaction between trapped ions in thermal motion can be generated by illuminating them simultaneously with a single laser resonant with the ionic carrier frequency. The ac Stark shift induces simultaneous "virtual" two-phonon transitions via several motional modes. Within a certain laser intensity range these transitions can interfere constructively, ...
Millett P J - - 2001
Motion loss continues to be a difficult complication after ligament injury and surgery to the knee. A better understanding of the pathoanatomic causes of motion loss can lead to improved prevention and treatment strategies. When motion loss does occur, early recognition and appropriate treatment can be expected to restore motion ...
McCombe D - - 2001
Radioscaphoid and radioscapholunate arthrodeses are effective surgical procedures for the treatment of nonsalvageable and isolated radiocarpal arthritis. These procedures, however, limit wrist motion significantly as the immobile scaphoid bridges the remaining midcarpal joint. A cadaver study of radioscaphoid arthrodesis followed by distal scaphoid excision was undertaken. Range of motion after ...
Bragdon C R - - 2001
Hip simulator studies show that the wear of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene against a cobalt alloy head depends on the wear path, especially the combination of a predominantly linear wear direction on which is superimposed motions in different directions. We postulated that multidirectional motion was necessary to generate realistic wear ...
Linan E - - 2001
We report a man admitted to inpatient rehabilitation 6 wk after traumatic brain injury, who presented with bilateral knee heterotopic ossification. In addition to conventional physical therapy, we applied a continuous passive motion device during 4 wk increasing the range of motion of the knees. On the basis of the ...
Pollack G H - - 2001
The cytoplasm exhibits all of the signature characteristics of a gel. The thesis put forth here is that the cytoplasm's gel-like character is central to the generation of biological movement. In artificial gels, a common vehicle for generating movement is the polymer-gel phase-transition. By undergoing phase-transition, gels produce motion of ...
Gerscovich E O - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical feasibility and utility of ultrasonography in the study of diaphragmatic motion at our institution. METHODS: The study consisted of 2 parts. For part I, in 23 volunteers we performed 23 studies on 46 hemidiaphragms with excursions documented on M-mode ultrasonography For part II, in 22 ...
Preston B L - - 2001
Standardized methods for estimating the toxicity of anthropogenic compounds to aquatic organisms frequently fail to consider key elements of the test organisms' environment. Aquatic organisms exist in a fluid environment, and fluid dynamics may have an important influence on the response to toxicants. Rotifers are one of the three major ...
Chauhan A - - 2001
PURPOSE: The motion of a soft contact lens in the up-down or vertical (inferior-superior) and in-out (anterior-posterior) directions drives mixing in the post lens tear film. Thus, it is important to obtain an accurate assessment of lens motion. The commonly used experimental technique to measure the vertical motion, video microscopy, ...
Gray J A - - 2001
Botany is usually considered to be the gentlest of sciences with botanists being regarded as people who study relatively safe specimens, compared with, for example, anthropologists or microbiologists. However, botanists have their moments, particularly when collecting new species. The great botanists of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries risked their lives ...
Catalano L W LW - - 2001
A new method of measuring digital range of motion (the Littler line method) is presented. When a Gaussian curve is centered over the Littler line and the appropriate area under the curve is computed, this area can provide a measure of the functional range of motion regained by an injured ...
Zhang K - - 2000
We report the discovery of a convective phenomenon found to occur in a rotating spherical system in which an inner convectively unstable fluid layer is bounded by a corotating outer convectively stable fluid layer. Although convection is thermally driven in the unstable interior, the resulting convective motions concentrate primarily in ...
James W. Davis,Whitman A. ...
g their heads left-and-right. c, Mallard duck bobbing his head to a nearby female. 2 courtship, Honey bees dance in a circle or figure-8 to signal the presence and location of a food source to the hive, Sceloporus lizards identify one another from push-ups, and chimpanzees sway from side-to-side as ...
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