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Results 351 - 400 of 1925
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Swastika Windra - - 2013
We analyzed a statistical model of diaphragm motion using regular principal component analysis (PCA) and generalized N-dimensional PCA (GND-PCA). First, we generate 4D MRI of respiratory motion from 2D MRI using an intersection profile method. We then extract semiautomatically the diaphragm boundary from the 4D-MRI to get subject-specific diaphragm motion. ...
Leise Tanya L - - 2013
: We review time-frequency methods that can be useful in quantifying circadian and ultradian patterns in behavioral records. These records typically exhibit details that may not be captured through commonly used measures such as activity onset and so may require alternative approaches. For instance, activity may involve multiple bouts that ...
Hung Tran Nhat - - 2013
Two feet motion is estimated for gait analysis. An inertial sensor is attached on each shoe and an inertial navigation algorithm is used to estimate the movement of both feet. To correct inter-shoe position error, a camera is installed on the right shoe and infrared LEDs are installed on the ...
Bang Jae Won - - 2013
Electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have been used in various applications, including human-computer interfaces, diagnosis of brain diseases, and measurement of cognitive status. However, EEG signals can be contaminated with noise caused by user's head movements. Therefore, we propose a new method that combines an EEG acquisition device and a ...
Marugán-Lobón Jesús - - 2013
The vestibular system of the inner ear houses three semicircular canals-oriented on three nearly-orthogonal planes-that respond to angular acceleration stimuli. In recent years, the orientation of the lateral semicircular canal (LSC) has been regularly used to determine skull orientations for comparative purposes in studies of non-avian dinosaurs. Such orientations have ...
Leslie Kris - - 2013
Microtubule (MT) plus-end-tracking proteins (+TIPs) specifically associate with the plus ends of growing MTs, thereby determining, in many different ways, the dynamic behavior of the MTs. Over the past years, a variety of fluorescently tagged +TIPs have been purified. Their reconstitution together with other purified components involved in MT plus-end-tracking, ...
Duan Haibin - - 2013
This paper proposed a novel bionic selective visual attention mechanism to quickly select regions that contain salient objects to reduce calculations. Firstly, lateral inhibition filtering, inspired by the limulus' ommateum, is applied to filter low-frequency noises. After the filtering operation, we use Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm based selective visual ...
Poirier Frédéric J A M - - 2013
In an effort to understand the factors influencing text legibility in natural reading, we adapted the visual spread method (Poirier, Gosselin, & Arguin, 2008) to natural text. Stimuli were sentences conforming to MNREAD standards (Legge, Ross, Luebker, & LaMay 1989) mixed with dynamic probabilistic noise-i.e., each pixel in the image ...
Liao Hai-Lin - - 2013
The in vitro aggregation of tau constructs was monitored by a simple 90° angle light-scattering (LS) approach which was conducted directly on fluorescence instrument. At the optimum incident wavelength (550 nm, unpolarized), the sensitivity of LS was high enough to detect tau aggregation at micromolar range. The nucleation and elongation, different ...
Gilgien Matthias - - 2013
In alpine ski racing the relationships between skier kinetics and kinematics and their effect on performance and injury-related aspects are not well understood. There is currently no validated system to determine all external forces simultaneously acting on skiers, particularly under race conditions and throughout entire races. To address the problem, ...
Oliaei Sepehr - - 2013
To report the first successful study to date of in vivo electromechanical reshaping of ear cartilage in a rabbit model. Ears of New Zealand white rabbits were reshaped using percutaneous needle electrode electromechanical reshaping (5 V for 4 minutes) and were then bolstered for 4 weeks. Ten ears were treated, ...
Yu Ke - - 2013
The common spatial pattern analysis (CSP), a frequently utilized feature extraction method in brain-computer-interface applications, is believed to be time-invariant and sensitive to noises, mainly due to an inherent shortcoming of purely relying on spatial filtering. Therefore, temporal/spectral filtering which can be very effective to counteract the unfavorable influence of ...
Paniagua Carmen - - 2013
Structured light is a perception method that allows us to obtain 3D information from images of the scene by projecting synthetic features with a light emitter. Traditionally, this method considers a rigid configuration, where the position and orientation of the light emitter with respect to the camera are known and ...
Stančin Sara S Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Tržaška cesta 25, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia. - - 2013
This paper presents an analysis of a golf swing to detect improper motion in the early phase of the swing. Led by the desire to achieve a consistent shot outcome, a particular golfer would (in multiple trials) prefer to perform completely identical golf swings. In reality, some deviations from the ...
Basile Charles-Édouard CÉ School of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada ; International Laboratory for Research on Brain, Music, and Sound (BRAMS), Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada ; Centre de recherche de l'Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal (CRIUGM), Montréal, Québec, - - 2013
The diagnosis of tinnitus relies on self-report. Psychoacoustic measurements of tinnitus pitch and loudness are essential for assessing claims and discriminating true from false ones. For this reason, the quantification of tinnitus remains a challenging research goal. We aimed to: (1) assess the precision of a new tinnitus likeness rating ...
Yao Jian J Faculty of Architectural, Civil Engineering and Environment, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, - - 2013
This paper uses inverse adding-doubling (IAD) method and Monte Carlo method for the simulation of the spectral angular transmittance of a novel kind of thermotropic material at different temperatures. The results show that the collimated light takes the major part at the beginning of the switching process and the scattered ...
Hadian Jazi Marjan M School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, RMIT University, Corner of Plenty Road and McKimmies Road, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, - - 2013
Motion segmentation is an important task in computer vision and several practical approaches have already been developed. A common approach to motion segmentation is to use the optical flow and formulate the segmentation problem using a linear approximation of the brightness constancy constraints. Although there are numerous solutions to solve ...
Coppola S S Department of Anatomy, Histology, Forensic Medicine and Orthopedics, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Via A. Borelli, 50, 00161, Rome, - - 2013
Spatio-temporal image correlation spectroscopy (STICS) is a powerful technique for assessing the nature of particle motion in complex systems although it has been rarely used to investigate the intracellular dynamics of nanocarriers so far. Here we introduce a method to characterize the mode of motion of nanocarriers and to quantify ...
Dugailly Pierre-Michel PM Laboratory of Functional Anatomy, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Motor Sciences, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium ; Research Unit of Osteopathy, Department of Osteopathic Sciences, Faculty of Motor Sciences, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, - - 2013
The function of the upper cervical spine (UCS) is essential in the kinematics of the whole cervical spine. Specific motion patterns are described at the UCS during head motions to compensate coupled motions occurring at the lower cervical segments. First, two methods for computing in vitro UCS discrete motions were ...
Lai Puxiang P Optical Imaging Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri 63130-4899, - - 2013
Scattering dominates light propagation in biological tissue, and therefore restricts both resolution and penetration depth in optical imaging within thick tissue. As photons travel into the diffusive regime-typically 1 mm beneath human skin, their trajectories transition from ballistic to diffusive due to increased number of scattering events, which makes it ...
Seyedin Sanaz S Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L - - 2013
This paper presents a novel noise-robust feature extraction method for speech recognition using the robust perceptual minimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) spectrum of temporally filtered autocorrelation sequence. The perceptual MVDR spectrum of the filtered short-time autocorrelation sequence can reduce the effects of residue of the nonstationary additive noise which remains ...
Henningsson Markus M Division of Imaging Sciences & Biomedical Engineering, the Rayne Institute, King's College London, St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK. - - 2013
Despite technical advances, respiratory motion remains a major impediment in a substantial amount of patients undergoing coronary magnetic resonance angiography (CMRA). Traditionally, respiratory motion compensation has been performed with a one-dimensional respiratory navigator positioned on the right hemi-diaphragm, using a motion model to estimate and correct for the bulk respiratory ...
Gardiner Chris C Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Oxford, Level 3, Women's Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, - - 2013
Nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) is a light-scattering technique that is useful for the rapid sizing and enumeration of extracellular vesicles (EVs). As a relatively new method, NTA has been criticised for a lack of standardisation. We propose the use of silica microspheres for the calibration of NTA measurements and describe ...
De Silva Tharindu T Imaging Research Laboratories, Robarts Research Institute, The University of Western Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
Prostate motion due to transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) probe pressure and patient movement causes target misalignments during 3D TRUS-guided biopsy. Several solutions have been proposed to perform 2D-3D registration for motion compensation. To improve registration accuracy and robustness, we developed and evaluated a registration algorithm whose optimization is based on learned ...
Hamy Valentin V Centre for Medical Imaging, University College London, - - 2013
This study introduces a combination of two registration techniques for respiratory motion removal and the quantification of small bowel motility from free breathing cine MRI. The use of robust data decomposition registration (RDDR) allows for exclusive correction of respiratory motion in order to avoid errors in further analysis of motility ...
Schweinhart April M - - 2013
Natural scenes tend to be biased in both scale (1/f) and orientation (H > V >> O; horizontal > vertical >> oblique), and the human visual system has similar biases that serve to partially 'undo' (ie whiten) the resultant representation. The present approach to investigating this relationship considers content in ...
Robinson Simon Daniel SD High Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging Centre of Excellence, Medical University of Vienna , Vienna , Austria ; Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna , Vienna , - - 2013
Increased BOLD sensitivity at 7 T offers the possibility to increase the reliability of fMRI, but ultra-high field is also associated with an increase in artifacts related to head motion, Nyquist ghosting, and parallel imaging reconstruction errors. In this study, the ability of independent component analysis (ICA) to separate activation from ...
Horiuchi Tetsuya T The Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-8656 - - 2012
In robotic assisted beating heart surgery, the goal is to develop a robotic system that can actively cancel heart motion by closely following a point of interest (POI) on the heart surface, a process called Active Relative Motion Canceling (ARMC). In order to track and cancel POI motion precisely, control ...
Fong Erika J EJ Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, 36 Cummington St, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2013
Probing the physical properties of heterogeneous materials is essential to understand the structure, function and dynamics of complex fluids including cells, mucus, and polymer solutions. Particle tracking microrheology is a useful method to passively probe viscoelastic properties on micron length scales by tracking the thermal motion of beads embedded in ...
Limmen Roxane M - - 2012
The use of narrow-banded visible light sources in improving the visibility of injuries has been hardly investigated, and studies examining the extent of this improvement are lacking. In this study, narrow-banded beams of light within the visible light spectrum were used to explore their ability in improving the visibility of ...
Al Borno Mazen - - 2012
This paper presents the first method for full-body trajectory optimization of physics-based human motion that does not rely on motion capture, specified key-poses, or periodic motion. Optimization is performed using a small set of simple goals, e.g., one hand should be on the ground or the center-of-mass should be above ...
Farquhar J - - 2012
Detecting event related potentials (ERPs) from single trials is critical to the operation of many stimulus-driven brain computer interface (BCI) systems. The low strength of the ERP signal compared to the noise (due to artifacts and BCI irrelevant brain processes) makes this a challenging signal detection problem. Previous work has ...
Lin Jinda - - 2012
We propose and demonstrate a novel detection scheme of clock signals and obtain an ultrahigh resonance contrast up to 90%, which leads to the remarkable improvement of the precision of the signal-to-noise ratio. The frequency stability in terms of Allan deviation of the proposed detection scheme is improved by an ...
Kher Rahul - - 2012
In this paper, a recursive principal component analysis (RPCA)-based algorithm is applied for detecting and quantifying the motion artifact episodes encountered in an ECG signal. The motion artifact signal is synthesized by low-pass filtering a random noise signal with different spectral ranges of LPF (low pass filter): 0-5 Hz, 0-10 ...
Muraskin Jordan J Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, 351 Engineering Terrace,1210 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA. - - 2013
Group level statistical maps of blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signals acquired using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have become a basic measurement for much of systems, cognitive and social neuroscience. A challenge in making inferences from these statistical maps is the noise and potential confounds that arise from the ...
Falldorf Claas - - 2012
We report on a method that can be used to improve the result of multiwavelength contouring in the case of objects with rough surface. It is based on the combined evaluation of multiple measurements with varying direction of illumination. While the individual measurements share the same systematics with respect to ...
Cabezón Miguel - - 2012
In this work, we study the possibility of chip-to-chip interconnections via out-of-plane grating couplers or vertical grating couplers (VGCs) fabricated on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) technology. Mathematical and experimental results for the efficiency of coupling light between two such grating couplers have been presented. The VGCs are placed vertically against each other ...
Jokinen Emma - - 2012
Post-filtering can be utilized to improve the quality and intelligibility of telephone speech. Previous studies have shown that energy reallocation with a high-pass type filter works effectively in improving the intelligibility of speech in difficult noise conditions. The present study introduces a signal-to-noise ratio adaptive post-filtering method that utilizes energy ...
Shivananju B N - - 2012
Objects viewed through transparent sheets with residual non-parallelism and irregularity appear shifted and distorted. This distortion is measured in terms of angular and binocular deviation of an object viewed through the transparent sheet. The angular and binocular deviations introduced are particularly important in the context of aircraft windscreens and canopies ...
Van Helleputte N - - 2012
This paper proposes a 3-channel biopotential monitoring ASIC with simultaneous electrode-tissue impedance measurements which allows real-time estimation of motion artifacts on each channel using an an external μC. The ASIC features a high performance instrumentation amplifier with fully integrated sub-Hz HPF rejecting rail-to-rail electrode-offset voltages. Each readout channel further has ...
Mazzetto-Betti Kelley C - - 2012
PURPOSE: To quantify the amplitude and temporal aspects of the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) response to an auditory stimulus during normocapnia and hypercapnia in healthy subjects in order to establish which BOLD parameters are best suited to infer the cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory. MATERIALS ...
Huntemann N - - 2012
We experimentally investigate a recently proposed optical excitation scheme V. I. Yudin et al. [Phys. Rev. A 82, 011804(R) (2010)] that is a generalization of Ramsey's method of separated oscillatory fields and consists of a sequence of three excitation pulses. The pulse sequence is tailored to produce a resonance signal that is ...
Smital L - - 2012
In this study, we focused on the reduction of broadband myopotentials (EMG) in ECG signals using the wavelet Wiener filtering with noise-free signal estimation. We used the dyadic stationary wavelet transform (SWT) in the Wiener filter as well as in estimating the noise-free signal. Our goal was to find a ...
Ueda T - - 2012
The spatiotemporal spectra of a video that contains a moving object form a plane in the three-dimensional (3D) frequency domain. This plane, which is referred to as the theoretical motion plane, reflects the velocity, which is calculated from the slope, of the moving objects. However, if the resolution of the ...
Inoue Ichiro - - 2012
X-ray speckle visibility spectroscopy (XSVS) is a method for studying dynamics in disordered systems. This method was originally developed in the visible-light region, in which an intense laser can be used. When applied in the X-ray region, where the number of photons is much smaller than in the visible-light region, ...
Ulvik Oyvind - - 2012
<b>Background and purpose:</b> The forces needed to move the ureteroscope up and down the urinary tract may injure the ureter but a method to measure these forces in patients is lacking. The purpose of the study was to develop and test a novel method for measuring the pushing and pulling ...
Makey Ghaith - - 2012
This paper introduces a new modification for the well-known binary detour phase method, which is largely used to represent Fourier holograms; the modification utilizes gray scale level control provided by a liquid crystal spatial light modulator to improve the traditional binary detour phase. Results are shown by both simulation and ...
Liu Fangde - - 2012
Bipedal walking is not fully understood. Motion generated from methods employed in robotics literature is stiff and is not nearly as energy efficient as what we observe in nature. In this paper, we propose validity conditions for motion adaptation from biological principles in terms of the topology of the dynamic ...
Rawlings Colin - - 2012
The measurement of cantilever parameters is an essential part of performing a calibrated measurement with an atomic force microscope (AFM). The thermal motion method is a widely used technique for calibrating the spring constant of an AFM cantilever, which can be applied to non-rectangular cantilevers. Given the trend towards high ...
Gordon Brian J - - 2012
Inaccuracy in determining the orientation of the upper arm about its longitudinal axis (twist orientation) has been a pervasive problem in sport biomechanics research. The purpose of this study was to develop a method to improve the calculation of the upper arm twist orientation in dynamic sports activities. The twist ...
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