Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2014
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Zhang Zhijie - - 2013
A novel BiErWO6 photocatalyst with infrared responsive property was designed and synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method. The BiErWO6 photocatalyst exhibited high photocatalytic activity under an infrared lamp (λ > 700 nm).
Wong Lena L N - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: It is often difficult to use an adaptive approach to evaluate speech reception in noise in cochlear implant (CI) users, because of variations in performance. Thus, two studies were conducted to develop an alternative method for scoring the Cantonese Hearing In Noise Test (CHINT) and to use this method ...
Chen Ling - - 2013
Plate- and octahedron-like Pt/Bi5Nb3O15 heterostructures are controllably prepared by a hydrothermal treatment method combined with photodeposition in the presence of different surfactants, i.e., cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). The composition, structure, morphology, optical absorption properties, and textural properties of as-prepared Pt/Bi5Nb3O15 are well-characterized, and their simulated sunlight and visible-light ...
Rodrigo Sergio G - - 2013
We introduce an active, all-optical method for controlling the intensity and directionality of light scattering from single nanostructures. The method is based on the coherent interplay between linear light scattering and second-harmonic generation. The intensity and directionality of scattered light can be controlled by the phase delay and the relative ...
Garipelli Gangadhar - - 2013
Objective. Abundant literature suggests the use of slow cortical potentials (SCPs) in a wide spectrum of basic and applied neuroscience areas. Due to their low signal to noise ratio, these potentials are often studied using grand-average analysis, which conceals trial-to-trial information. Moreover, most of the single trial analysis methods in ...
Lin Shih-Syun - - 2013
A novel content-aware warping approach is introduced for video retargeting. The key to this technique is adapting videos to fit displays with various aspect ratios and sizes while preserving both visually salient content and temporal coherence. Most previous studies solve this spatiotemporal problem by consistently resizing content in frames. This ...
Lock Rj - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Serum free light chain analysis is now well established in the investigation of monoclonal gammopathies. In the UK there has, until recently, been a single supplier of kits for such analysis. Recently, a second method using monoclonal antisera was introduced. We have compared the performance of these two kits ...
Pollard Andrew E AE University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294-0019, USA. - - 2013
This study was designed to test the feasibility of using sinusoidal approximation in combination with a new instrumentation approach to resolve complex impedance (uCI) spectra from heart preparations. To assess that feasibility, we applied stimuli in the 10-4000 Hz range and recorded potential differences (uPDs) in a four-electrode configuration that ...
Simpson Robin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Three-directional phase velocity mapping (PVM) is capable of measuring longitudinal, radial and circumferential regional myocardial velocities. Current techniques use Cartesian k-space coverage and navigator-gated high spatial and high temporal resolution acquisitions are long. In addition, prospective ECG-gating means that analysis of the full cardiac cycle is not possible. The ...
Ari Samit S Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India. - - 2013
Electrocardiogram (ECG), which is a noninvasive technique, is used generally as a primary diagnostic tool for cardiovascular diseases. In real-time scenario, noises like channel noise, muscle artifacts, electrode motion and baseline wander are often embedded with ECG signals during acquisition and transmission. In this paper, an automatic ECG signal enhancement ...
Aznar Marianne C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: With 4DCT the risk of introducing positional systematic errors in lung cancer radiotherapy can be minimised. A common approach is to plan on the phase bin of the 4DCT best representing the tumour's time-weighted mean position also called the midventilation scan. However breathing irregularities can introduce uncertainties and potentially ...
Barraco R - - 2013
Feature detection in biomedical signals is crucial for deepening our knowledge about the involved physiological processes. To achieve this aim, many analytic approaches can be applied but only few are able to deal with signals whose time dependent features provide useful clinical information. Among the biomedical signals, the electroretinogram (ERG), ...
Hötker Andreas M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Interventional radiology is performed in a sterile environment where speech and motion control of image review is needed to simplify and expedite routine procedures. The requirements and limitations were defined by testing an interventional radiology test bed speech and motion control system. METHODS: Motion control software was implemented using ...
Liu L - - 2013
Parameter adjustment of the transmitted light source yields a good-quality image for video measurement microscopy. However, a disadvantage is that the measured size of the objects changes simultaneously while the parameters of the transmitted light source are adjusted, which directly affects the measurement accuracy adversely. Furthermore, the variation of the ...
Cömert Alper - - 2013
BACKGROUND: With the aging population and rising healthcare costs, wearable monitoring is gaining importance. The motion artifact affecting dry electrodes is one of the main challenges preventing the widespread use of wearable monitoring systems. In this paper we investigate the motion artifact and ways of making a textile electrode more ...
Cunningham D J - - 2013
Aim: The ability to accelerate and attain high levels of speed is an essential component of success in team sports; however, the physical qualities that underpin these activities remain unclear. This study aimed to determine some of the key strength and power predictors of speed within professional rugby union players. ...
Clegg James H - - 2013
We present a method for arbitrary control of the polarization of a light beam. Our method uses two holograms on a binary ferroelectric liquid crystal spatial light modulator (FLCSLM), and so has the potential to allow polarization state switching at kilohertz rates. Unlike previous methods that achieve polarization control using ...
Torres Bryan T - - 2013
Objective-To compare overground and treadmill-based gaits of dogs. Animals -5 clinically normal adult mixed-breed dogs. Procedures-To obtain dynamic gait data, 30 retroreflective markers were affixed bilaterally to specific regions of the hind limbs and pelvis of each dog. For each dog, 3-D joint motion data (sagittal [flexion and extension], transverse ...
Owen Kevin - - 2013
Ultrasound data motion tracking is widely used to estimate relative tissue/transducer motion, for example in freehand 3-D imaging, in which successive 2-D ultrasound scan planes are registered in a 3-D volume. Speckle-tracking and decorrelation-based methods are used to estimate motion in the azimuthal and elevational planes. However, the performance of ...
Fleming Padhraig S - - 2013
Light cure of resin-based adhesives is the mainstay of orthodontic bonding. In recent years, alternatives to conventional halogen lights offering reduced curing time and the potential for lower attachment failure rates have emerged. The relative merits of curing lights in current use, including halogen-based lamps, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), and plasma ...
Rodrigues Pedro - - 2013
"Excessive" pronation is often implicated as a risk factor for anterior knee pain (AKP). The amount deemed excessive is typically calculated using the means and standard deviations reported in the literature. However, when using this method, few studies find an association between pronation and AKP. An alternative method of defining ...
Knecht Martin - - 2013
In this paper, we present a novel rendering method which integrates reflective or refractive objects into a differential instant radiosity (DIR) framework usable for mixed-reality (MR) applications. This kind of objects are very special from the light interaction point of view, as they reflect and refract incident rays. Therefore they ...
Birkett Stephen - - 2013
Experimental techniques for investigating the piano hammer-string interaction are described. It is argued that the accuracy, consistency, and scope of conclusions of previous studies can be compromised by limitations of the conventional methods relating to key inputs; physical distortion; numerical distortion, particularly when differentiation or integration of measured signals is ...
Go╠łtz Simone - - 2013
Photoionization of laser-cooled atoms using short pulses of a high-power light-emitting diode (LED) is demonstrated. Light pulses as short as 30 ns have been realized with the simple LED driver circuit. We measure the ionization cross section of (85)Rb atoms in the first excited state, and show how this technique ...
Palanisamy B - - 2013
Efficient visible-light active mesoporous Ce incorporated TiO2 nanoparticles have been prepared by sol-gel method using Pluranic P123 as the structure directing agent. Low angle XRD and BET analysis revealed the mesoporous nature of the nanoparticles. The incorporation of Ce4+ into TiO2 and Ti4+ into CeO2 is evident from the slight ...
Zahnd Guillaume - - 2013
We aim at investigating arterial diseases at early stage, by assessing the longitudinal (i.e. in the same direction as the blood flow) motion of the intima-media complex. This recently evidenced phenomenon has been shown to provide relevant and complementary information about vascular health. Our method assesses the longitudinal and radial ...
Glen J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: /st>Depth of anaesthesia (DOA) monitors based on the electroencephalogram (EEG) are commonly used in anaesthetic practice. Their technology relies on mathematical analysis of the EEG waveform, generally resulting in a number which corresponds to anaesthetic depth. We have created a novel method of interpreting the EEG, which retains its ...
Wang Zhen - - 2013
Measuring yeast biomass is important in the processes of microbial fermentations. It has been demonstrated that synchronous light scattering (SLS) signals could be applied for the quantification of model bioparticles such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this study, an improved synchronous light scattering method was developed for yeast biomass estimation. The ...
Shi Zhimin - - 2013
We present an analytical model that describes the limiting spectral performance of arrayed-waveguide-grating (AWG) spectrometers that incorporate slow-light methods. We show that the loss-limited spectral resolution of a slow-light grating-based spectrometer scales as the loss-group-index ratio of the waveguide array. We further show that one can achieve a spectral resolution ...
Delfino Ines - - 2013
Dynamic and Static Light Scattering (DLS and SLS), Resonance Light Scattering (RLS) and angular-ratiometric methods have been used for investigating the aggregation of biotinylated bovine serum albumin gold nanoparticles induced by the interaction of biotin with its partner neutravidin. All the approaches have shown to be sensitive to the presence ...
Zhou Bin - - 2013
A resonance light scattering (RLS) method has been developed using a uranyl (UO2(2+)) specific DNAzyme and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). In this strategy, the cleavage of the substrate strand (SDNA) of DNAzyme results in releasing a shorter duplex in the presence of UO2(2+), leading to the aggregation of AuNPs and the ...
Lee Wee Chuen - - 2013
Bloodstain photography is important in forensic applications, especially for bloodstain pattern analysis. This study compares the enhancement effect of bloodstain photography using three different types of light source: fluorescent white light, near-ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diode (LED) light, and 410 nm LED light. Randomized complete block designs were implemented to identify ...
Holden-Douilly Laurène - - 2013
Longitudinal sliding of horse's hooves at the beginning of stance can affect both performance and orthopaedic health. The objective of this study was to compare two measurement methods for quantifying hoof slip distances at training trot. The right front hoof of four French Trotters was equipped with an accelerometer (10kHz) ...
Jacobs Nathan - - 2013
We describe algorithms that use cloud shadows as a form of stochastically structured light to support 3D scene geometry estimation. Taking video captured from a static outdoor camera as input, we use the relationship of the time series of intensity values between pairs of pixels as the primary input to ...
Noordhof Dionne A - - 2013
Speed skating posture, or technique, is characterized by the push-off angle or effectiveness (e), determined as the angle between the push-off leg and the ice; the preextension knee angle (θ0); and the trunk angle (θ1). Together with muscle-power output and environmental conditions, skating posture, or technique, determines velocity (v). Purpose: ...
Kim Daesik - - 2013
In this paper, a structured-light-based highly dense and robust 3D reconstruction method is proposed by combining a Gray code and region-shifting pattern. The region-shifting pattern is transformed to the trapezoidal and triangle wave shifting pattern by combining all frames of the region-shifting pattern, and then the boundary of the trapezoidal ...
Rako Nikolina - - 2013
This study aims to provide an objective mapping of the underwater noise and its sources over an Adriatic coastal marine habitat by applying the self-organizing maps (SOM) method. Systematic sampling of sea ambient noise (SAN) was carried out at ten predefined acoustic stations between 2007 and 2009. Analyses of noise ...
Bonny Daniel P - - 2013
An accurate method to locate of the flexion-extension (F-E) axis and longitudinal rotation (LR) axis of the tibiofemoral joint is required to accurately characterize tibiofemoral kinematics. A method was recently developed to locate these axes using an instrumented spatial linkage (ISL) (2012, "On the Estimate of the Two Dominant Axes ...
Marcelli Emanuela - - 2013
Purpose: We present an innovative method to quantify the eyeblink by using a miniature gyroscopic sensor (gyro), which is applied on the upper eyelid. Electrical Stimulation (ES) of the facial nerve is a promising technology to treat dysfunctional eyelid closure following facial paralysis. We used the new gyro-based method to ...
Hawe Andrea - - 2013
The draft for a new United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) monograph <787> "Subvisible Particulate Matter in Therapeutic Protein Injections" describes the analysis of sub-visible particles by light obscuration at much lower sample volumes (down to about 1 ml) as so far required by the European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur) and the USP ...
Hudson Donald E - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the penetration of 808 and 980 nm laser light through bovine tissue samples 18-95 mm thick. Background data: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is frequently used to treat musculoskeletal pathologies. Some of the therapeutic targets are several centimeters deep. Methods: Laser light at ...
Lisdat F - - 2013
The review covers recent developments in which quantum dots (QDs) are combined with electrodes for detection of analytes. Special focus will be on the generation of photocurrents and the possibility of spatially resolved, light-directed analysis. Different modes for combining biochemical reactions with QDs will be discussed. Other applications involve the ...
Maani R - - 2013
This paper presents a novel rotation invariant method for texture classification based on local frequency components. The local frequency components are computed by applying 1D Fourier transform on a neighboring function defined on a circle of radius R at each pixel. We observed that the low frequency components are the ...
Herbst Michael - - 2013
PURPOSE: Despite numerous publications describing the ability of prospective motion correction to improve image quality in magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, a reliable approach to assess this improvement is still missing. A method that accurately reproduces motion artifacts correctable with prospective motion correction is developed, and enables the quantification ...
Bellisai S - - 2013
"Indirect" time-of-flight is one technique to obtain depth-resolved images through active illumination that is becoming more popular in the recent years. Several methods and light timing patterns are used nowadays, aimed at improving measurement precision with smarter algorithms, while using less and less light power. Purpose of this work is ...
Lange Thomas - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of high resolution knee cartilage MRI with in situ mechanical loading using optical tracking to compensate for motion. METHODS: In vivo cartilage MRI with in situ mechanical loading is demonstrated on a clinical 3T system for the patellofemoral as well as for the tibiofemoral knee ...
Allen William L - - 2013
The study of visual signal design is gaining momentum as techniques for studying signals become more sophisticated and more freely available. In this paper we discuss methods for analyzing the color and form of visual signals, for integrating signal components into visual scenes, and for producing visual signal stimuli for ...
Xu Yameng - - 2013
High normalized delay-bandwidth product (NDBP) and wideband slow light are achieved in an alternative row of ellipse-hole photonic crystal waveguide. Two different criteria of flat ratio are adopted. Under a constant group index criterion, a high NDBP of 0.446 with a group index of 42 and a bandwidth of 16.4 nm ...
Becker Brian C BC The Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 - - 2013
Performing micromanipulation and delicate operations in submillimeter workspaces is difficult because of destabilizing tremor and imprecise targeting. Accurate micromanipulation is especially important for microsurgical procedures, such as vitreoretinal surgery, to maximize successful outcomes and minimize collateral damage. Robotic aid combined with filtering techniques that suppress tremor frequency bands increases performance; ...
Huang Lu - - 2013
A novel self-healing material, which was fabricated using few-layered graphene (FG) and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) via a facile method, not only exhibits a mechanical enhanced property, but also can be repeatedly healed by various methods including infrared (IR) light, electricity and electromagnetic wave with healing efficiencies higher than 98%.
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