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Cuerda-Galindo E - - 2014
Abstract Background: Skin rejuvenation requires a treatment combination including lasers, intense pulsed light (IPL), radiofrequency, botulinum toxin (BT) and fillers. A combined approach is considered optimum but usually same-day combined treatments are avoid and lasers are performed prior to filler or toxin injections owing to the concern that the light ...
Palmer Jacob J Department of Radiation Physics, Unit 94, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, United States of - - 2014
When imaging studies (e.g. CT) are used to quantify morphological changes in an anatomical structure, it is necessary to understand the extent and source of motion which can give imaging artifacts (e.g. blurring or local distortion). The objective of this study was to assess the magnitude of esophageal motion due ...
Hosoi Takahiro T University of Tsukuba Hospital, Tsukuba, - - 2014
We report a 76-year-old man, a retired farmer, presenting with bilateral external auditory canal obstruction. Skin examination revealed multiple pruritic nodules and periorbital purpura. Ear canal opening surgery was performed. Skin and ear canal biopsy revealed extensive amyloid depositions. Immunoelectrophoresis for urinary Bence-Jones protein was positive, and bone marrow examination ...
Chen Feng F College of Forest Science, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, - - 2014
The amount, frequency, and duration of precipitation have important impact on the occurrence and severity of forest fires. To fully understand the effects of precipitation regimes on forest fires, a drought index was developed with number of consecutive dry days (daily precipitation less than 2 mm) and total precipitation, and the ...
Patel Birju - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The Schatzki ring was named for Richard Schatzki, a renowned radiologist who described the entity with his colleague, John E. Gary. The purpose of this article is to shed more light on a man who made such a significant contribution and to chronicle developments concerning this important radiologic finding. ...
Matsui Yasuhiro Y National Traffic Safety and Environment Laboratory, - - 2013
The first purpose of this study is to clarify the relation between the car impact velocity and pedestrian injury severity or mortality risk. We investigated the frequency of serious injuries and fatalities of pedestrians using vehicle-pedestrian accident data from the database of the Institute for Traffic Accident Research and Data ...
Wall Lindley B - - 2013
Proximal row carpectomy (PRC) is a motion-preserving treatment for the degenerated wrist. PRC provides painless wrist range of motion with few complications. PRC treats specifically scapholunate advanced collapse, scaphoid non-union advanced collapse, chronic perilunate dislocations, and Kienbock's disease. The best candidates are older than 35 with an intact capitate head ...
Grados Aurélie - - 2013
Immunoglobulin free light chains are produced in excess during normal antibody synthesis. Their evaluation is commonly used in case of a monoclonal gammopathy. In polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia related to the Sjögren syndrome or systemic lupus, erythematosus serum free light chain levels are increased and could correlate with disease activity. We show ...
Sakai Makoto M Chemical Resources Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, 226-8503, Japan. - - 2013
For many years, spatial resolution is the most critical problem in IR microspectroscopy. This is because the spatial resolution of a conventional infrared microscope is restricted by the diffraction limit, which is almost the same as the wavelength of IR light, ranging from 2.5 to 25 μm. In the recent ...
Vogiatzis Konstantinos - - 2012
Attiko Metro S.A., the state company ensuring the development of the Athens Metro network, has recently initiated a new extension of 7.6km, has planned for line 3 of Athens Metro from Haidari to Piraeus "Dimotikon Theatre" towards "University of Piraeus" (forestation), connecting the major Piraeus Port with "Eleftherios Venizelos" International ...
Greenberg Michael J MJ The Pennsylvania Muscle Institute and Department of Physiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6085, - - 2012
Myosin IC (myo1c), a widely expressed motor protein that links the actin cytoskeleton to cell membranes, has been associated with numerous cellular processes, including insulin-stimulated transport of GLUT4, mechanosensation in sensory hair cells, endocytosis, transcription of DNA in the nucleus, exocytosis, and membrane trafficking. The molecular role of myo1c in ...
Molinari Emanuela - - 2012
To clarify if birefringent structures of human oocytes and embryos, measurable by polarized light microscopy, have any value in predicting the chance of pregnancy in human in vitro fertilization and may halp to identify the most competent oocytes and embryos. The inner layer of the zona pellucida (IL-ZP) and the ...
Vesala Laura - - 2012
Coping with seasonal changes in temperature is an important factor underlying the ability of insects to survive over the harsh winter conditions in the northern temperate zone, and only a few drosophilids have been able to colonize sub-polar habitats. Information on their winter physiology is needed as it may shed ...
Galvão Rafaelo M - - 2012
Plant development is profoundly regulated by ambient light cues through the red/far-red photoreceptors, the phytochromes. Early phytochrome signaling events include the translocation of phytochromes from the cytoplasm to subnuclear domains called photobodies and the degradation of antagonistically acting phytochrome-interacting factors (PIFs). We recently identified a key phytochrome signaling component, HEMERA ...
Liang Xiaolei - - 2012
Ethylene and light act through specific signal transduction mechanisms to coordinate the development of higher plants. Application of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC, an ethylene precursor) suppresses the hypocotyl elongation of Arabidopsis seedlings in dark, but stimulates it in light. However, the mechanisms of opposite effects of ethylene on hypocotyl elongation in ...
Chen Shangjun - - 2012
It is very challenging to realize the well-controlled structural transformations in the artificial supramolecules. Herein, we report the construction of a novel family of multi-bisthienylethene hexagons with the precise control of the shape and size as well as the number of the specific photochromic units via coordination-driven self-assembly. These newly ...
Blanco-Lomas Marina - - 2012
The synthesis and photochemical study of a family of molecular switches inspired by the green fluorescent protein (GFP) chromophore is presented. These compounds can be easily synthesized, and their photophysical properties may be tuned. Due to their efficient photoisomerization and high stability, these compounds can be switched on/off by using ...
Brenna Andrea - - 2012
In Neurospora crassa and other filamentous fungi, light-dependent-specific phenomena are regulated by transcription factors WC-1 and WC-2. In addition to its transcriptional activity, WC-1 is able to directly sense light stimuli through a LOV sensor domain. Its location in the nucleus and heterodimerization with WC-2, together with the presence of ...
Haigney Allison Laura - - 2012
The blue light using flavin (BLUF) domain proteins, such as the transcriptional antirepressor AppA, are a novel class of photosensors that bind flavin noncovalently in order to sense and respond to high intensity blue (450 nm) light. Importantly, the non-covalently bound flavin chromophore is unable to undergo large scale structural ...
Freifeld Limor - - 2012
How do the microscopic properties of a photoreceptor shape the transformation of photon inputs into electrical outputs? Adaptive feedback, combined with stochastic sampling of light by transduction units, efficiently captures visual information.
Costa Rubén D - - 2012
Higher efficiency in the end-use of energy requires substantial progress in lighting concepts. All the technologies under development are based on solid-state electroluminescent materials and belong to the general area of solid-state lighting (SSL). The two main technologies being developed in SSL are light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and organic light-emitting diodes ...
Li Ling L Division of Hematopoietic Stem cell and Leukemia Research, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA 91010, - - 2013
Sirtuins are NAD-dependent deacetylases that are conserved from yeast to mammals. A new report sheds light on the function of SIRT7, the least understood member of the Sirtuin family by identifying its locus-specific H3K18 deacetylase activity, and linking it to maintenance of cellular transformation in malignancies.
Pang Hongchang - - 2012
Submicrometer-sized hollow TiO(2) spheres are directly self-assembled from TiO(2) nanoparticles without using any template or surfactant as a scattering layer for dye-sensitized solar cells, showing good visible light scattering match to significantly improve the photoconversion efficiency.
Wang Yun - - 2012
Despite intense research on light responses in plants, the consequences of a simple shift from light to darkness are largely unexplored. In this research, the physiological outcome and proteomic changes in Arabidopsis cell suspension cultures after switching from light to total darkness were examined. Deprivation of light led to a ...
Haga Ken - - 2012
Auxin efflux carrier PIN-FORMED (PIN) proteins are thought to have central roles in regulating asymmetrical auxin translocation during tropic responses, including gravitropism and phototropism, in plants. Although PIN3 is known to be involved in phototropism in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), no severe defects of phototropism in any of the pin mutants ...
Maroto Enrique Ernesto - - 2012
Stereodivergent syntheses of cis/trans pyrrolidino[3,4:1,2]fullerenes and endo/exo pyrrolidines are reported with high enantioselectivity levels. Fullerenes are revealed as a useful benchmark to develop suitable catalysts to control the stereochemical outcome and to shed light on the mechanism involved in the related 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition.
Chen Jing - - 2013
Jasmonates are phytohormones derived from oxygenated fatty acids that regulate a broad range of plant defense and developmental processes. In Arabidopsis, hypocotyl elongation under various light conditions was suppressed by exogenously supplied methyl jasmonate (MeJA). Moreover, this suppression by MeJA was particularly effective under red light condition. Mutant analyses suggested ...
Brieke Clara - - 2012
Spatial and temporal control over chemical and biological processes plays a key role in life, where the whole is often much more than the sum of its parts. Quite trivially, the molecules of a cell do not form a living system if they are only arranged in a random fashion. ...
Weadick Cameron J - - 2012
The Trinidadian pike cichlid (Crenicichla frenata) is a major predator of the guppy (Poecilia reticulata), a model system for visual ecology research, and visual predation by the pike cichlid is known to select for male guppies with reduced short-wavelength reflectance. However, an early study of the pike cichlid's visual system ...
Han Xue - - 2012
Optogenetics combines optical and genetic methods to rapidly and reversibly control neural activities or other cellular functions. Using genetic methods, specific cells or anatomical pathways can be sensitized to light through exogenous expression of microbial light activated opsin proteins. Using optical methods, opsin expressing cells can be rapidly and reversibly ...
Morley Erica L - - 2012
Drosophila melanogaster have bilateral antisymmetric antennae that receive the particle velocity component of an acoustic stimulus. Acoustic communication is important in their courtship, which takes place in the acoustic near-field. Here, the small size of the dipole sound source (the male wing) and the rapid attenuation rate of particle velocity ...
Han In-Seob - - 2012
We recently investigated the roles of the phototropin 1 (PHOT1) LOV domains in mediating phototropic curvature in transgenic Arabidopsis seedlings expressing either wild-type PHOT1 or PHOT1 with one or both LOV domains inactivated by a single amino acid replacement (Cho et al., Plant Physiol. 143: 517, 2007). We have now ...
Bellini Dom - - 2012
Phytochromes are photoreceptors in phototropic organisms that respond to light conditions by changing interactions between a response regulator and DNA. Bacterial phytochromes (BphPs) comprise an input photosensory core domain (PCD) and an output transducing domain (OTD). We report the structure of a BphP containing both PCD and the majority of ...
van der Veen Monique Ann - - 2012
We present a methodology based on polarization-controlled second-harmonic generation microscopy that allows to determine the point group symmetry of non-centrosymmetric structures in situ and in vivo in complex systems regardless of the occurrence of periodicity. Small, randomly oriented structures suffice for the analysis, which is based on simple recognition of ...
Piterková Jana - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in the signalling and regulation of plant growth and development and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. The photoperiod-sensitive mutant 7B-1 in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) showing abscisic acid (ABA) overproduction and blue light (BL)-specific tolerance to osmotic stress represents a valuable model to study the ...
van Heerwaarden B - - 2012
Latitudinal clines are considered a powerful means of investigating evolutionary responses to climatic selection in nature. However, most clinal studies of climatic adaptation in Drosophila have involved species that contain cosmopolitan inversion polymorphisms that show clinal patterns themselves, making it difficult to determine whether the traits or inversions are under ...
Stowasser Annette - - 2012
Polarization sensitivity has most often been studied in mature insects, yet it is likely that larvae also make use of this visual modality. The aquatic larvae of the predacious diving beetle Thermonectus marmoratus are highly successful visually guided predators, with a UV-sensitive proximal retina that, according to its ultrastructure, has ...
Bonomi Hernán R - - 2012
Rhizobium leguminosarum is a soil bacterium that infects root hairs and induces the formation of nitrogen-fixing nodules on leguminous plants. Light, oxygen, and voltage (LOV)-domain proteins are blue-light receptors found in higher plants and many algae, fungi, and bacteria. The genome of R. leguminosarum bv. viciae 3841, a pea-nodulating endosymbiont, ...
Klose Cornelia - - 2012
Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) mutants hypersensitive to far-red light were isolated under a light program of alternating red and far-red light pulses and were named eid (for empfindlicher im dunkelroten Licht). The dominant eid3 mutant carries a missense mutation in a conserved domain of PHYTOCHROME AND FLOWERING TIME1 (PFT1), an important ...
Tripathi Santosh - - 2012
Recently the optical transmission matrix (TM) has been shown to be useful in controlling the propagation of light in highly scattering media. In this paper, we present the vector transmission matrix (VTM) which, unlike the TM, captures both the intensity and polarization transmission property of the scattering medium. We present ...
Reymond Mathieu C - - 2012
A key innovation of flowering plants is the female reproductive organ, the carpel. Here, we show that a mechanism that regulates carpel margin development in the model flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana was recruited from light-regulated processes. This recruitment followed the loss from the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor SPATULA (SPT) of ...
Banerjee Samya - - 2012
Curcumin (Hcur) as a cellular imaging and PDT agent shows remarkable photocytotoxicity in HeLa cells in visible light of 400-700 nm giving IC(50) = 8.2 ± 0.2 μM and its degradation is arrested on formation of photocytotoxic dipyridophenazine (dppz) complex [VO(cur)(dppz)Cl] (IC(50) = 3.3 ± 0.4 μM), while both are ...
Choubane Djillali - - 2012
Light is a critical determinant of plant shape by controlling branching patterns and bud burst in many species. To gain insight into how light induces bud burst, we investigated whether its inductive effect in rose was related to gibberellin (GA) biosynthesis. In axillary buds of beheaded plants subject to light, ...
Zhou Yanqiong - - 2012
Edges represent important information in object recognition, and thus edge detection is crucial for animal survival. Various types of edges result from visual contrast, such as luminance contrast and color contrast. Thus far, the molecular and neural mechanisms underlying edge detection and the relationship between different edge information-processing pathways have ...
Harada Akiko - - 2012
We investigated roles of blue light receptors phototropins (phot1 and phot2) and ROOT PHOTOTROPISM 2 (RPT2) in leaf positioning and flattening, and plant growth under weak, moderate, and strong white light (10, 25, and 70 μmol m(-2) s(-1)). RPT2 mediated leaf positioning and flattening, and enhanced plant growth in phot1-dependent ...
Christians Matthew J MJ Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 2012
Members of the Bric-a-Brac/Tramtrack/Broad Complex (BTB) family direct the selective ubiquitylation of proteins following their assembly into Cullin3-based ubiquitin ligases. Here, we describe a subfamily of nucleus-localized BTB proteins encoded by the LIGHT-RESPONSE BTB1 (LRB1) and LRB2 loci in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) that strongly influences photomorphogenesis. Whereas single lrb1 and ...
Boga Ayper - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a low frequency electric field on the early embryonic development of frogs. The embryos of African clawed toads, Xenopus laevis, were exposed to a 20-μA electric current during the cleavage stages. The developmental processes of embryos during and after ...
Yu Hua - - 2012
A new type of bilayered photoanodes with cubic CeO(2) nanoparticles as mirror-like scattering thin layers was prepared via a screen-printing technique for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The light harvesting efficiency was significantly enhanced due to the mirror-like light scattering effect, resulting in noticeable ∼17.8% improvement of light-to-electric conversion efficiency.
Xuan Jun - - 2012
In the last few years, visible-light initiated organic transformations have attracted increasing attention. The development of visible-light-promoted photocatalytic reactions, which enable rapid and efficient synthesis of fine chemicals, is highly desirable from the viewpoint of cost, safety, availability, and environmental friendliness. In this Minireview, recent advances made in this fast ...
Kraus Johanna M - - 2012
Adult aquatic insects are a common resource for many terrestrial predators, often considered to subsidize terrestrial food webs. However, larval aquatic insects themselves consume both aquatic primary producers and allochthonous terrestrial detritus, suggesting that adults could provide aquatic subsidy and/or recycled terrestrial energy to terrestrial consumers. Understanding the source of ...
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