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Jeseta M M Veterinary Research Institute, Brno, Czech - - 2014
This study was designed to specify chromatin and mitochondrial patterns in bovine oocytes with different meiotic competence in relation to maturation progress, resumption of meiosis, MII onset and completion of maturation. Oocytes with greater or lesser meiotic competence, recovered separately from medium (MF) and small follicles (SF), were categorized according ...
Robbins Lindsey L Department of Animal Behavior, Ecology and Conservation, Canisius College, Buffalo, New - - 2014
Several studies have demonstrated that auditory enrichment can reduce stereotypic behaviors in captive animals. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative effectiveness of three different types of auditory enrichment-naturalistic sounds, classical music, and rock music-in reducing stereotypic behavior displayed by Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Three ...
Lubiatowski P P Rehasport Clinic, Poznan, - - 2014
Proprioception is a specialized variation of the sensory modality of touch that includes the sensation of joint motion and joint position. It is an essential part of shoulder stability and neuromuscular control. It is controversial whether throwing sports and sports training effects shoulder proprioception. To analyse the shoulder proprioceptive abilities ...
Alenezi F F Knee Biomechanics and Research Programme, University of Salford, Salford, United - - 2014
The need to develop screening tests to find athletes who maybe predisposed to knee injuries is of prime importance in order to design individualised intervention programmes. Previous research has found 3D joint kinematics of the hip and knee during a single leg squat (SLS) to be related to those during ...
Jackson Chad R CR Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 and Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee - - 2014
Visual system development depends on neural activity, driven by intrinsic and light-sensitive mechanisms. Here, we examined the effects on retinal function due to exposure to summer- and winter-like circadian light cycles during development and adulthood. Retinal light responses, visual behaviors, dopamine content, retinal morphology, and gene expression were assessed in ...
Monecke Stefanie S Biological Institute, Department of Animal Physiology, University of Stuttgart, 70550 Stuttgart, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
In contrast to photoperiodic rodent species, adult circannual European hamsters (Cricetus cricetus) do not rely on melatonin as transducer of the photoperiodic message. Instead, seasonal entrainment involves a special circadian organisation which characterizes a photoperiod-sensitive phase. When days shorten a precise activity pattern ("summer pattern") switches to a weak or ...
Pfeiffer Julie L JL Department of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport Studies, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, United - - 2014
Physical activity is recommended for older adults, including those with knee pathology. However, demands on the knee during popular recreational activities are unclear. The study purpose was to determine knee biomechanics in healthy older men during golf and bowling and compare them to activities of daily living. Three-dimensional motion analysis ...
Soares Susana M SM Faculty of Sport and Porto Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
To determine the swimmer's anaerobic potential and better plan training, understanding physiological effects of the fatigue is essential. Study changes in the characteristics of the intra-cyclic velocity variation during an all-out 50m swim and to observe differences in speed and stroking parameters between these changes. 28 competitive swimmers performed a ...
Haller Sven S Service Neuro-diagnostique et Neuro-interventionnel, Department of Imaging and Medical Informatics, University Hospitals of Geneva, Rue Gabrielle Perret-Gentil 4, 1211, Geneva 14, Switzerland, - - 2014
Motion artifacts are a well-known and frequent limitation during neuroimaging workup of cognitive decline. While head motion typically deteriorates image quality, we test the hypothesis that head motion differs systematically between healthy controls (HC), amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and Alzheimer disease (AD) and consequently might contain diagnostic information. This ...
Roselló-Díez Alberto - - 2014
Developing vertebrate limbs initiate proximo-distal patterning by interpreting opposing gradients of diffusible signaling molecules. We report two thresholds of proximo-distal signals in the limb bud: a higher threshold that establishes the upper-arm to forearm transition; and a lower one that positions a later transition from forearm to hand. For this ...
Tenbroek Trampas M TM New Balance Sports Research Laboratory, New Balance Athletic Shoe, Inc., Lawrence, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was: 1) to investigate how kinematic patterns are adjusted while running in footwear with THIN, MEDIUM, and THICK midsole thicknesses; and 2) to determine if these patterns are adjusted over time during a sustained run in footwear of different thicknesses. Ten male heel-toe runners performed ...
Spiteri Tania T Edith Cowan University, School of Exercise and Health Science, Joondalup, Western Australia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare biomechanical and perceptual-cognitive variables between genders during an offensive and defensive agility protocol. Twelve male and female (n=24) recreational team sport athletes participated in this study, each performing 12 offensive and defensive agility trials (six left, six right) changing direction in response ...
Lenske Ariel K AK Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Animals can use acoustic signals to attract mates and defend territories. As a consequence, background noise that interferes with signal transmission has the potential to reduce fitness, especially in birds that rely on song. While much research on bird song has investigated vocal flexibility in response to urban noise, weather ...
Xie Tian-Peng TP State Key Laboratory of Glassland and Agro-Ecosystems, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University Lanzhou, 730000, - - 2014
The relationship between sexual reproduction and clonal growth in clonal plants often shows up at the ramet level. However, only a few studies focus on the relationship at the genet level, which could finally account for evolution. The sexual reproduction and clonal growth of Ligularia virgaurea, a perennial herb widely ...
Sheffield Sterling W SW Cochlear Implant Research Laboratory, Vanderbilt Bill Wilkerson Center, Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn., - - 2014
We examined the effects of acoustic bandwidth on bimodal benefit for speech recognition in adults with a cochlear implant (CI) in one ear and low-frequency acoustic hearing in the contralateral ear. The primary aims were to (1) replicate Zhang et al. [Ear Hear 2010;31:63-69] with a steeper filter roll-off to ...
Kartashov Yaroslav V - - 2014
We show that the rate at which light tunnels between neighboring multimode waveguides can be drastically increased or reduced by the presence of small longitudinal periodic modulations of the waveguide properties that stimulate resonant conversion between the eigenmodes of each waveguide. Such a conversion, available only in multimode guiding structures, ...
Abe Hirokazu H Laboratory of Biological Oceanography, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, 981-8555, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Large numbers of swimming and stranding Urechis unicinctus were observed at night during low tide in Sasuhama, Miyagi Prefecture, northeastern Japan, during the periods from January to February in 2012 and 2013. Worms did not drift passively but swam actively, therefore hinting at a certain purpose for such behavior. As ...
Liu Wei-Rong WR Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Medical College of Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361102, - - 2014
Acoustic communication is an important behavior in frog courtship. Male and female frogs of most species, except the concave-eared torrent frog Odorrana tormota, have largely similar audiograms. The large odorous frogs (Odorrana graminea) are sympatric with O. tormota, but have no ear canals. The difference in hearing between two sexes ...
Caldwell Michael S MS Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Ecology 100, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA, - - 2014
The ability to reliably locate sound sources is critical to anurans, which navigate acoustically complex breeding choruses when choosing mates. Yet, the factors influencing sound localization performance in frogs remain largely unexplored. We applied two complementary methodologies, open and closed loop playback trials, to identify influences on localization abilities in ...
Roper Julieanne M JM *OD, MS †BAppSc(Optom), PhD, FAAO Indiana University School of Optometry, Bloomington, - - 2014
To determine how accurate normally sighted male and female pedestrians were at making time-to-arrival (TTA) judgments of approaching vehicles when using just their hearing or both their hearing and vision. Ten male and 14 female subjects with confirmed normal vision and hearing estimated the TTA of approaching vehicles along an ...
Turi Zsolt Z Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Georg-August University of Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Str. 40, D-37075,Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cutaneous discomfort is typically reported during transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), restricting the current intensity and duration at which tDCS can be applied. It is commonly thought that current density is associated with the intensity of perceived cutaneous perception such that larger electrodes with a lower current density results in ...
Freehill Michael T MT Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2014
The relationship of changes in glenohumeral range of motion (ROM) in a pitcher's throwing shoulder to a single pitching episode is not well described, and the causes of such changes over a season are controversial. We hypothesized that in pitchers for a collegiate baseball team, external rotation (ER) would increase, ...
Malone John H JH Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, 319 Stadium Drive, Tallahassee, Florida, 32306, USA; Present Address: Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Connecticut, 354 Mansfield Rd., Storrs, Connecticut. smilisca@gmail.com, - - 2014
Biotic and abiotic factors have been proposed to explain patterns of reproductive character displacement, but which factor is most important to character displacement of acoustic signals is not clear. Male vocalizations of the frog Pseudacris feriarum are known to undergo reproductive character displacement in areas of sympatry with P. brimleyi ...
Hartmann Matthias M Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Fabrikstrasse 8, 3000, Bern, Switzerland, - - 2014
In this study, we compared direction detection thresholds of passive self-motion in the dark between artistic gymnasts and controls. Twenty-four professional female artistic gymnasts (ranging from 7 to 20 years) and age-matched controls were seated on a motion platform and asked to discriminate the direction of angular (yaw, pitch, roll) and ...
Chien Hui-Lien HL Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taiwan, - - 2014
High-heeled shoes are associated with instability and falling, leading to injuries such as fracture and ankle sprain. This study investigated the effects of habitual wearing of high-heeled shoes on the body's center of mass (COM) motion relative to the center of pressure (COP) during gait. Fifteen female experienced wearers and ...
Xiao Qing Q Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, University of Strathclyde, 100 Montrose Street, Glasgow, G4 0LZ, - - 2014
Micro air vehicle-motivated aerodynamics in biological flight has been an important subject in the past decade. Inspired by the novel flapping wing mechanisms in insects, birds and bats, we have carried out a numerical study systematically investigating a three-dimensional flapping rigid wing with passively actuated lateral and rotational motion. Distinguishing ...
Kéver Loïc L Laboratoire de Morphologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, AFFISH, Institut de chimie, Bât. B6c, Université de Liège, B-4000, Liège, - - 2014
Juveniles, females, and males of Ophidion rochei share similar external morphology, probably because they are mainly active in the dark, which reduces the role of visual cues. Their internal sonic apparatuses, however, are complex: three pairs of sonic muscles, and highly modified vertebrae and ribs are involved in sound production. ...
D'Ascenzo Stefania S University of Modena and Reggio-Emilia. Electronic address: - - 2014
A prolonged exposure (i.e., perceptual adaptation) to a male or a female face can produce changes (i.e., aftereffects) in the subsequent gender attribution of a neutral or average face, so that it appears respectively more female or more male. Studies using imagery adaptation and its aftereffects have yielded conflicting results. ...
Hodgson Craig C Faculty of Health & Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, United - - 2014
We aimed to quantify the time-motion characteristics and technical demands of small-sided soccer games (SSGs) played on small, medium and large pitches using a high frequency non-differential global positioning system (NdGPS) that allowed assessment of acceleration and deceleration patterns. Eight male soccer players competed in SSGs comprising 4×4min quarters (3min ...
Chen Wenli W Department of Biobehavioral Sciences, Teacher's College, Columbia University, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the spectrum of normal adult vocal fold vibration obtained through direct visualization technique using digital kymography (DKG). DKG extracts high-speed kymographic images of each vocal fold sampled at a single or multiple points along the vocal folds. Thus, direct and objective quantification ...
Mauvieux Benoit B UMR 1075 COMETE -- INSERM & Université de Caen Basse-Normandie Mobilités: Attention, Orientation & Chronobiologie UFR de Médecine , avenue de la Côte de Nacre Campus 5 -- 14032 Caen Cedex , France - - 2014
The yurt is the traditional home of the nomadic Turkmen, the Kyrgyz, the Kazakhs, the Uzbeks, the Kalmyks, the Buryats and the Mongolians. As the impact of the western modern world, in terms of technological and behavioural changes, is slower than anywhere else, the use of the yurt is widespread ...
Ikegami Taro T Department of Chemistry, Biology and Marine Science, University of the Ryukyus, Senbaru 1, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213, - - 2014
The waxing and waning cycle of the moon is repeated at approximately 1-month intervals, and concomitant changes occur in the levels of moonlight and cueing signals detected by organisms on the earth. In the goldlined spinefoot Siganus guttatus, a spawner lunar-synchronized around the first quarter moon, periodic changes in moonlight ...
Greenhow Danielle R DR University of South Florida, College of Marine Science, 140 7th Avenue S, St. Petersburg, Florida - - 2014
On May 5, 2011, 23 short-finned pilot whales, Globicephala macrorhynchus, were stranded along the coastline near Cudjoe Key, FL. Five animals (two adult females, two juvenile females, and an adult male) were transported to a rehabilitation facility in Key Largo, FL. Auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) were recorded in response to ...
Monson Brian B BB National Center for Voice and Speech, University of Utah, 136 South Main Street, Suite 320, Salt Lake City, Utah - - 2014
Previous work has shown that human listeners are sensitive to level differences in high-frequency energy (HFE) in isolated vowel sounds produced by male singers. Results indicated that sensitivity to HFE level changes increased with overall HFE level, suggesting that listeners would be more "tuned" to HFE in vocal production exhibiting ...
Kempton Thomas T Sport & Exercise Discipline Group, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney (UTS), - - 2014
To determine the match-to-match variability in physical activity and technical performance measures in Australian Football, and examine the influence of playing position, time of season, and different seasons on these measures of variability. Longitudinal observational study. Global positioning system, accelerometer and technical performance measures (total kicks, handballs, possessions and Champion ...
Zhang Zejun Z Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research, Escondido, California, USA; Institute of Rare Animals and Plants, China West Normal University, Nanchong, - - 2014
We report on the first study to track the spatial behaviors of wild giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) using high-resolution global positioning system (GPS) telemetry. Between 2008 and 2009, 4 pandas (2 male and 2 female) were tracked in Foping Reserve, China for an average of 305 days (± 54.8 SE). ...
Lyu Yang Y State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, Key Laboratory of Gene Engineering of the Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China ; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China ; Key Laboratory of Biodiversity Dynamics and Conservation of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, - - 2014
The origin and evolution of new microRNAs (miRNAs) is important because they can impact the transcriptome broadly. As miRNAs can potentially emerge constantly and rapidly, their rates of birth and evolution have been extensively debated. However, most new miRNAs identified appear not to be biologically significant. After an extensive search, ...
Velásquez Nelson A NA Programa de Fisiología y Biofísica, ICBM, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Independencia, Santiago, - - 2014
Divergence of acoustic signals in a geographic scale results from diverse evolutionary forces acting in parallel and affecting directly inter-male vocal interactions among disjunct populations. Pleurodema thaul is a frog having an extensive latitudinal distribution in Chile along which males' advertisement calls exhibit an important variation. Using the playback paradigm ...
Milanovich Monica M Department of Mechanical Engineering, Lafayette College , Easton, PA, - - 2014
This paper quantifies and discusses the three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic characteristics of the female softball swing as performed by fourteen female collegiate amateur subjects. The analyses were performed using a three-dimensional computer model. The model was driven kinematically from subject swings data that were recorded with a multi-camera motion analysis ...
Ferrando Sara S Department of Earth, Environmental and Life Science (DiSTAV), University of Genoa, Genoa, - - 2014
Visual observations and videos of Chionodraco hamatus icefish at the "Acquario di Genova" and histological analyses of congeneric species C. hamatus and C. rastrospinosus adults sampled in the field provided new anatomical and behavioral information on the reproductive biology of these white blooded species that are endemic to the High-Antarctic ...
Dardente Hugues H Physiologie de la Reproduction et des Comportements, INRA, UMR085 , Nouzilly , France ; CNRS, UMR7247 , Nouzilly , France ; Université François Rabelais de Tours , Tours , France ; Institut français du cheval et de l'équitation , Nouzilly , - - 2014
Living organisms show seasonality in a wide array of functions such as reproduction, fattening, hibernation, and migration. At temperate latitudes, changes in photoperiod maintain the alignment of annual rhythms with predictable changes in the environment. The appropriate physiological response to changing photoperiod in mammals requires retinal detection of light and ...
Endler John A JA Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, , Waurn Ponds, Victoria 3216, Australia, School of Marine and Tropical Ecology, James Cook University, , Townsville, Queensland 4811, - - 2014
It is often assumed that the primary purpose of a male's sexual display is to provide information about quality, or to strongly stimulate prospective mates, but other functions of courtship displays have been relatively neglected. Male great bowerbirds (Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis) construct bowers that exploit the female's predictable field of view ...
McQuate Grant T GT USDA-ARS, Daniel K. Inouye U.S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center, 64 Nowelo Street, Hilo, HI - - 2014
Sweetpotato, commercially grown in over 100 countries, is one of the ten most important staple crops in the world. Sweetpotato weevil is a major pest of sweetpotato in most areas of cultivation, the feeding of which induces production in the sweetpotato root of extremely bitter tasting and toxic sesquiterpenes which ...
Griskova-Bulanova Inga I Department of Neurobiology and Biophysics, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania, - - 2014
uditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) are widely applied to test brain's ability to follow external stimulation in neuropsychiatric disorders. It is known that ASSRs are related to GABAergic transmission. Female sex steroid homones - both estrogens and progesterone - affect functioning of GABAergic system. However, it is not known how these ...
Matthews Leanna P LP Department of Biology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, United States of - - 2014
Remote acoustic monitoring is a non-invasive tool that can be used to study the distribution, behavior, and habitat use of sound-producing species. The North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) is an endangered baleen whale species that produces a variety of stereotyped acoustic signals. One of these signals, the "gunshot" sound, ...
Joseph Michael F MF Kinesiology Department, University of Connecticut, Storrs, - - 2013
Kinematic differences have been linked to the gender discrepancies seen in knee injuries. A medially posted orthotic decreases frontal and transverse plane motions in the lower extremity during ambulation, squatting and landing. This study investigated the effect of a medial post on amount and timing of lower extremity motions during ...
Koeck Barbara B Univ. Perpignan Via Domitia, CEntre de Formation et de Recherche sur les Environnements Méditerranéens, UMR 5110, 58 Avenue Paul Alduy, F-66860 Perpignan, France; CNRS, CEntre de Formation et de Recherche sur les Environnements Méditerranéens, UMR 5110, 58 Avenue Paul Alduy, F-66860 Perpignan, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
Temporal movement patterns and spawning behaviour of the dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus were investigated using depth and temperature sensors combined to acoustic telemetry. Results showed that these fish are year-round resident, remaining inside the fully protected area of the marine reserve of Cerbère-Banyuls (65 ha) and display a diurnal activity pattern. ...
Boutin Stan S Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
Phenotypic plasticity and microevolution are the two primary means by which organisms respond adaptively to local conditions. While these mechanisms are not mutually exclusive, their relative magnitudes will influence both the rate of, and ability to sustain, phenotypic responses to climate change. We review accounts of recent phenotypic changes in ...
Yang Ping P Department of Herpetology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 9 Section 4, Renmin Nan Road, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of - - 2013
Male frogs behave differently from females during the breeding season, particularly with respect to courtship displays and in response to mating signals. In search of physiological correlates of these differences, the present study measured changes in baseline electroencephalogram (EEG) power output within four frequency bands in the telencephalon and mesencephalon, ...
Kuny Sharee S Ophthalmology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2013
PURPOSE. To examine the pattern of cone degeneration in the retina of a transgenic mouse model of STGD3. METHODS. Investigations were performed on ELOVL4/TG1-2 transgenic (TG) mice and wild-type (WT) littermates from one to 24 months of age. Phenotypes were assessed by fundus imaging, fatty acid analysis and ERG recording. ...
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