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Carter Lyndal L 1National Acoustic Laboratories, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; 2The Hearing Cooperative Research Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; and 3The Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
The authors undertook a review of the literature, focussing on publications describing the following: (1) Pure tone threshold data for adolescents/young adults; (2) Measurements/estimates of noise exposure from leisure activities; and (3) The relationship between hearing threshold levels (HTLs) and leisure-noise exposure. There is a large volume of published materials ...
Chang Nai-Yuan Nicholas NY 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA; and 2Department of Neurology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, - - 2014
Quantification of the perceptual thresholds to vestibular stimuli may offer valuable complementary information to that provided by measures of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). Perceptual thresholds could be particularly important in evaluating some subjects, such as the elderly, who might have a greater potential of central as well as peripheral vestibular ...
Brown Christopher A CA Department of Communication Science and Disorders, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Bilateral cochlear implant (BCI) users receive limited binaural cues and, thus, show little improvement to speech intelligibility from spatial cues. The feasibility of a method for enhancing the binaural cues available to BCI users is investigated. This involved extending interaural differences of levels, which typically are restricted to high frequencies, ...
Brimijoin W Owen WO MRC Institute of Hearing Research (Scottish Section), Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, United - - 2014
Although directional microphones on a hearing aid provide a signal-to-noise ratio benefit in a noisy background, the amount of benefit is dependent on how close the signal of interest is to the front of the user. It is assumed that when the signal of interest is off-axis, users can reorient ...
Haselbacher Matthias M Department of Experimental Orthopedics, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ski mountaineering is becoming a popular sport. The ascending techniques (tracks) can be divided into 3 different groups: flat field, direct ascent, and traversing. This study examines the relationship between different mechanical loads on the foot and the 4 different mountaineering ascending techniques. All subjects used the same pair of ...
Demoli Nazif - - 2014
Recording of digital holograms of a weak signal [0.44 counts per second (cps)] hidden below the detector's noise (21 cps) is investigated by employing the high dynamic range of a photon-counting detector. Recording conditions are discussed in terms of the most important holographic measures, namely, the fringe visibility (or contrast) and ...
Yeap Li-Ling LL Department of Pharmacy, University of Malaya, Kuala - - 2014
Hearing loss has been reported with valproic acid (VPA) use. However, this is the first case of VPA-induced hearing loss that was tested and confirmed with a VPA rechallenge, supported by serial audiometry and pharmacokinetic modelling. A 39-year-old truck driver with temporal lobe epilepsy was treated with VPA at 400 mg, ...
Pchelkin Stepan S Department of Engineering Cybernetics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491, Trondheim, Norway, - - 2014
This article is concerned with the generic structure of the motion coordination system resulting from the application of the method of virtual holonomic constraints (VHCs) to the problem of the generation and robust execution of a dynamic humanlike motion by a humanoid robot. The motion coordination developed using VHCs is ...
Phamduy P P Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering, Six MetroTech Center, 11201, Brooklyn, NY, - - 2014
The experimental integration of bioinspired robots in groups of social animals has become a valuable tool to understand the basis of social behavior and uncover the fundamental determinants of animal communication. In this study, we measured the preference of fertile female bluefin killifish (Lucania goodei) for robotic replicas whose aspect ...
Shen Z H ZH School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47906, - - 2014
Rotary and radial forcing are two common actuation methods for legged robots. However, these two orthogonal methods of center-of-mass (CoM) forcing have not been compared as potentially alternative strategies of actuation. In this paper, we compare the CoM stability and energetics of running with rotary and radial actuation through the ...
Layne Charles S CS Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston , Houston, Texas , USA - - 2014
Abstract It has been proposed that proprioceptive input is essential to the development of a locomotor body schema that is used to guide the assembly of successful walking. Proprioceptive information is used to signal the need for, and promotion of, locomotor adaptation in response to environmental or internal modifications. The ...
Yashiro K K Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Graduate School of Dentistry and Center for Advanced Medical Engineering and Informatics, Osaka University, Suita, - - 2014
Response of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) articulation adapting to occlusal alteration has been sparsely known. For 10 healthy adults with acceptably good occlusion, an artificial occlusal interference (OI) was introduced to the lower molar on the balancing side of unilateral chewing. Subjects were asked to chew a gum on their preferred ...
de Haan G G Philips Group Innovation, Research, High Tech Campus 36, 5656AE Eindhoven, The - - 2014
Remote photoplethysmography (rPPG) enables contact-free monitoring of the blood volume pulse using a color camera. Essentially, it detects the minute optical absorption changes caused by blood volume variations in the skin. In this paper, we show that the different absorption spectra of arterial blood and bloodless skin cause the variations ...
Das Anasuya A University of Rochester Flaum Eye Institute, Rochester, New York 14642, Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York - - 2014
Damage to the primary visual cortex (V1) or its immediate afferents results in a dense scotoma, termed cortical blindness (CB). CB subjects have residual visual abilities, or blindsight, which allow them to detect and sometimes discriminate stimuli with high temporal and low spatial frequency content. Recent work showed that with ...
Strupp Michael M From the German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders (M.S., C.F., L.H., O.B.), Department of Neurology (M.S.), and Institute of Biometrics and Epidemiology (O.B.), University Hospital, Munich, Germany. - - 2014
To develop and evaluate new thin and light glasses for the examination of patients with nystagmus and to compare them with Frenzel goggles. First, we designed new examination glasses: a Fresnel-based device with a short focal length that is not as heavy or bulky as Frenzel goggles. Second, visual-fixation suppression ...
McMillan Garnett P GP 1VA RR&D National Center for Rehabilitative Auditory Research, VA Medical Center, Portland, Oregon, USA; 2Health Science Center, Louisiana State University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA; and 3Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU), Portland, Oregon, - - 2014
New tinnitus therapies are being developed and marketed that target the patient's tinnitus frequency. This frequency is estimated clinically by pitch matching, which has the patient identify the pure tone that is closest to the perceived tinnitus frequency. Though widely used, pitch matching is heavily criticized as unreliable, and the ...
Hegde Shashank Sathyanarayana SS Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology & Radiological Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
High-resolution intravascular (IV) MRI is susceptible to degradation from physiological motion and requires high frame-rates for true endoscopy. Traditional cardiac-gating techniques compromise efficiency by reducing the effective scan rate. Here we test whether compressed sensing (CS) reconstruction and ungated motion-compensation using projection shifting, could provide faster motion-suppressed, IVMRI. CS reconstruction ...
Dove Michael R MR School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 134-136 Kroon Hall, 195 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT, 06511-2189, USA, - - 2014
Carl Linnaeus' work on the 'economy of nature' was a major early development in what became the modern field of ecology. This analysis suggests that a key subject of this work that has been ignored or misunderstood for 250 years is the rural livelihoods, especially swidden (or slash-and-burn) agriculture, which Linnaeus ...
Myers Joshua J School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland , Brisbane , - - 2014
Objective: Psychophysical tuning curves (PTCs) have been used predominantly in laboratory settings to assess frequency selectivity in the auditory system. Recently, a fast-PTC procedure has been developed for diagnosis of cochlear dead regions. In this study the clinical feasibility of using fast PTCs in adults was investigated. Success rate (the ...
Korp Katie K From the U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, - - 2014
The term "functional" in burn rehabilitation has gained widespread use to describe a patient's recovery after burn injury. But what truly is "functional" when applied to a patient recovering from burn injury? A literature search was performed for information defining "functional" range of motion (ROM). Maximum upper and lower ROM ...
Okulicz-Kozaryn Adam - - 2014
Political scientists traditionally have analyzed the effect of politics on subjective well-being (SWB) at the collective level, finding that more liberal countries report greater SWB. Conversely, psychologists have focused primarily on SWB at the individual level and shown that being more conservative corresponds in greater SWB. We integrate the theoretical ...
Tornick Jan K - - 2014
We examined quantity discrimination in the Clark's nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana), a corvid bird with a strong dependence upon caching and recovering nuts. We presented 2 sets of nuts simultaneously, in 21 different conditions, to see if the nutcrackers could choose the larger of the 2 quantities. The nutcrackers displayed a ...
Hoeschele Marisa - - 2014
Timbre is an important attribute of sound both in music and nature. Previously, using an operant conditioning paradigm, we found that black-capped chickadees and humans show similar response patterns in discriminating triadic chords of the same timbre and transferred this discrimination to a novel key center (novel absolute pitch). The ...
Xie Yannan Y School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, 30332-0245, USA; Department of Physics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, Fujian, - - 2014
A newly-designed triboelectric nanogenerator is demonstrated which is composed of a grating-segmented freestanding triboelectric layer and two groups of interdigitated electrodes with the same periodicity. The sliding motion of the grating units across the electrode fingers can be converted into multiple alternating currents through the external load due to the ...
Ozinga Sarah J SJ Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA, - - 2014
Traditional biomechanical systems used to capture kinematic data have shown that declines in postural stability are frequently present in older adults and neurological populations. Recent advances in processor speed and measuring capabilities of on-board electronics within mobile devices present an opportunity to gather kinematic data and apply biomechanical analyses to ...
Ridder William H WH 3rd Southern California College of Optometry, Marshall B. Ketchum University, 2575 Yorba Linda Blvd., Fullerton, CA, 92831, USA, - - 2014
Many studies have examined different variables that affect the outcome of sVEP estimated acuity. However, no studies have compared the estimated sVEP acuity between different instruments. The primary purpose of this study was to compare sVEP acuity estimates obtained with two different sVEP systems: the Enfant and the PowerDiva. Twenty-five ...
Pav I Janez - - 2014
After neurological injury, gait rehabilitation typically focuses on task oriented training with many repetitions of a particular movement. Modern rehabilitation devices, including treadmills, augment gait rehabilitation. However, they typically provide gait training only in the forward direction of walking, hence the mechanisms associated with changing direction during turning are not ...
Márquez Samuel S Departments of Cell Biology and Otolaryngology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, 450 Clarkson Ave, Box 5, Brooklyn, New - - 2014
Neanderthals are one of the most intensely studied groups of extinct humans, as aspects of their phylogeny and functional morphology remain controversial. They have long been described as cold adapted but recent analyses of their nasal anatomy suggest that traits formerly considered adaptations may be the result of genetic drift. ...
Moher Jeff J Cognitive, Linguistic, & Psychological Sciences, Brown University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is known that looming motion can capture attention regardless of an observer's intentions. Real-world behavior, however, frequently involves not just attentional selection, but selection for action. Thus, it is important to understand the impact of looming motion on goal-directed action to gain a broader perspective on how stimulus properties ...
LaPrade Robert F RF Steadman Philippon Research Institute, 181 W. Meadow Drive, Suite 1000, Vail, CO, 81657, USA, - - 2014
Counteracting posterior translation of the tibia with an anterior force on the posterior proximal tibia has been demonstrated clinically to improve posterior knee laxity following posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury. This study quantified forces applied to the posterior proximal tibia by two knee braces designed for treatment of PCL injuries. ...
Pfister Roland R Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
What we intend to achieve with our actions affects the way we move our body. This has been repeatedly shown for both, movement-related intentions such as grasping and turning an object, and relatively high-level intentions such as the intention to collaborate or to compete with a social partner. The impact ...
Mijatović Antonija A Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133, Rome, - - 2014
Familiarity with the visual environment affects our expectations about the objects in a scene, aiding in recognition and interaction. Here we tested whether the familiarity with the specific trajectory followed by a moving target facilitates the interpretation of the effects of underlying physical forces. Participants intercepted a target sliding down ...
Troïanowski Mathieu M Université de Lyon; Université Lyon 1, CNRS, UMR5023 Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Naturels et Anthropisés, Villeurbanne, F-69622, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the last decades, traffic noise has become a new challenge for efficient animal communication and several studies suggest that it is involved in population declines. Although poorly investigated in a traffic noise context, communication is generally multimodal, which can be viewed as a way to improve communication efficiency by ...
Moscatelli Alessandro A Cognitive Neuroscience Department, Bielefeld University, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany; Cognitive Interaction Technology-Center of Excellence, Bielefeld University, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Whenever we move the hand across a surface, tactile signals provide information about the relative velocity between the skin and the surface. If the system were able to integrate the tactile velocity information over time, cutaneous touch may provide an estimate of the relative displacement between the hand and the ...
Carling Christopher C 1Institute of Coaching and Performance, University of Central Lancashire, UK 2LOSC Lille Métropole Football Club, Domain de Luchin, Camphin-en-Pévèle, 59780, - - 2014
We read with interest the recent article written by Goto, Morris & Nevill: 'Match Analysis of U9 and U10 English Premier League Academy Soccer Players using a Global Positioning System: Relevance for Talent Identification and Development'. In summary, the authors reported time motion analysis data from match-play showing that players ...
Rahne Torsten T Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Halle Hearing and ImplantCenter, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Timbre perception is poor in cochlear implant (CI) users. Most behavioral studies assess timbre discrimination with real instrumental sounds differing in more than one timbre dimension. This study focuses on objective measures of individual discrimination of single timbre dimensions. A psychoacoustic and electrophysiological case-control study of timbre discrimination was conducted ...
Andermnn Martin M Section of - - 2014
When a high harmonic is removed from a cosine-phase harmonic complex, we hear a sine tone pop out of the perception; the sine tone has the pitch of the high harmonic while the tone complex has the pitch of its fundamental frequency, f0. This phenomenon is commonly referred to as ...
Sharp Andrew A AA SIU Carbondale - - 2014
Generally, a combination of kinematic, electromyographic (EMG) and force measurements are used to understand how an organism generates and controls movement. The chicken embryo has been a very useful model system for understanding the early stages of embryonic motility in vertebrates. Unfortunately, the size and delicate nature of embryos makes ...
Wall C C CC University of South Florida, College of Marine Science, 140, 7th Avenue South, St Petersburg, FL 33701, - - 2014
The goals of this project were to determine the daily, seasonal and spatial patterns of red grouper Epinephelus morio sound production on the West Florida Shelf (WFS) using passive acoustics. An 11 month time series of acoustic data from fixed recorders deployed at a known E. morio aggregation site showed ...
Buerkle Nathan P NP College of Biological Sciences, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, Saint Paul, MN, 55108, - - 2014
Anurans (frogs and toads) are important models for comparative studies of communication, auditory physiology, and neuroethology, but to date, most of our knowledge comes from in-depth studies of a relatively small number of model species. Using the well-studied green treefrog (Hyla cinerea), this study sought to develop and evaluate the ...
Turuwhenua Jason J Auckland Bioengineering Institute, University of Auckland, New Zealand; Department of Optometry and Vision Science, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) is the sawtooth movement of the eye elicited when an observer views a repeated moving pattern. We present a method for identifying the presence and direction of OKN in recordings of the eye made using a standard off-the-shelf video-camera or webcam. Our approach uses vertical edge detection ...
Vlasits Anna L AL Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2014
Direction-selective ganglion cells (DSGCs) are tuned to motion in one direction. Starburst amacrine cells (SACs) are thought to mediate this direction selectivity through precise anatomical wiring to DSGCs. Nevertheless, we previously found that visual adaptation can reverse DSGCs's directional tuning, overcoming the circuit anatomy. Here we explore the role of ...
Störmer Viola S VS Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is known that focusing attention on a particular feature (e.g., the color red) facilitates the processing of all objects in the visual field containing that feature [1-7]. Here, we show that such feature-based attention not only facilitates processing but also actively inhibits processing of similar, but not identical, features ...
Horiuchi Koji K Graduate School of Information Sciences,Tohoku - - 2014
The appearance of colors can be affected by their spatiotemporal context. The shift in color appearance according to the surrounding colors is called color induction or chromatic induction; in particular, the shift in opponent color of the surround is called chromatic contrast. To investigate whether chromatic induction occurs even when ...
Hwang Sun Hye SH World Class University (WCU) Program of Chemical Convergence for Energy and Environment (C2E2), School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, Daehak-dong, Seoul 151-747 (Korea), Fax: - - 2014
Designing the photoanode structure in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) is vital to realizing enhanced power conversion efficiency (PCE). Herein, novel multifunctional silver-decorated porous titanium dioxide nanofibers (Ag/pTiO2 NFs) made by simple electrospinning, etching, and chemical reduction processes are introduced. The Ag/pTiO2 NFs with a high surface area of 163 m(2)  g(-1) ...
Harvey Craig C School of Psychology, Brennan MacCallum Building (A18), The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, - - 2014
Crossmodal integration of sensory signals can improve perception and behavior but requires the signals to occur close in time. Differences in propagation and processing speeds make this difficult. Temporal recalibration is a useful 're-alignment' process by which the point of subjective synchrony is temporally realigned towards an adapted asynchrony. A ...
Langlois Peter J - - 2014
This paper describes an alternative sinusoidal current driver suitable for bioimpedance applications where high frequency operation is required. The circuit is based on a transconductor and provides current outputs with low phase error for frequencies around its pole frequency. This extends the upper frequency operational limit of the current driver. ...
Meerhoff L Rens A LR School of Physical Education, Sport and Exercise Science, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coordinating one's movements with others is an important aspect of human interactions. Regulating the distance to other moving agents is often necessary to achieve specific task goals such as in invasion sports. This study aimed to examine how distance regulation is mediated by different sources of information that are typically ...
Pérez I de Lanuza Guillem G CIBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO, Universidade do Porto, Rua Padre Armando Quintas 7, 4485-661, Vairão, Vila do Conde, Portugal, - - 2014
The selective forces imposed by primary receivers and unintended eavesdroppers of animal signals often act in opposite directions, constraining the development of conspicuous coloration. Because iridescent colours change their chromatic properties with viewer angle, iridescence offers a potential mechanism to relax this trade-off when the relevant observers involved in the ...
Eckstein Amely A a Research Fellow, Department of Orthodontics, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess camouflage effects by concealment of postorthodontic white-spot lesions (WSLs) to sound adjacent enamel (SAE) achieved over 12 months with resin infiltration (Icon, DMG, Hamburg, Germany). Methods: Twenty subjects (trial teeth nteeth  =  111) who had received resin infiltration treatment of noncavitated postorthodontic WSLs were contacted for a ...
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