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Köklü Y Y Pamukkale University, School of Sport Sciences and Technology, Denizli, Turkey - - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and reliability of SPI ProX Global Positioning System (GPS) devices for measuring movement at various speeds and movement patterns as evident in team sport demands. Eleven amateur soccer players performed a 40 m straight sprint test (with 10--20--30 m split ...
Takagi Hideki H Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tennodai 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The goal of this research is to clarify the mechanism by which unsteady forces are generated during sculling by a skilled swimmer and thereby to contribute to improving propulsive techniques. We used particle image velocimetry (PIV) to acquire data on the kinematics of the hand during sculling, such as fluid ...
Jeng Wei-De - - 2014
Different levels of visual fatigue in the human eye depend on different color-formation methods and image quality. This paper uses the high-frequency component of the spectral power of accommodative microfluctuations as a major objective indicator for analyzing the effects of visual fatigue based on various displays, such as color-formation displays ...
Galliano Anthony A L'Oréal Research and Innovation, Centre Charles Zviak, Saint-Ouen, - - 2014
The aim of this paper is to present a new instrumental evaluation method of hair movement in order to propose new criteria in the performances of hair products. The in-vitro evaluation of hair swatches movement allows us to better understand the phenomena that appear when various hair care and styling ...
Allen Annette E AE Faculty of Life Sciences, Manchester University, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
In bright light, mammals use a distinct photopigment (melanopsin) to measure irradiance for centrally mediated responses such as circadian entrainment. We aimed to determine whether the information generated by melanopsin is also used by the visual system as a signal for light adaptation. To this end, we compared retinal and ...
Marx Mathieu M 1Laboratoire CerCo, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France; 2Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 5549, Toulouse, France; 3Department of Otology-Neurotology and Skull Base Surgery, Purpan University Hospital, Toulouse, France; and 4Cochlear France SAS, Toulouse, - - 2014
The detection of fundamental frequency (F0) variations plays a prominent role in the perception of intonation. Cochlear implant (CI) users with residual hearing might have access to these F0 cues. The objective was to study if and how residual hearing facilitates speech prosody perception in CI users. The authors compared ...
Rogowski Isabelle I 1Université de Lyon, Lyon, France; 2Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France; 3Centre de Recherche et d'Innovation sur le Sport-EA 647, UFRSTAPS 27-29, Villeurbanne Cedex, France; 4IFSTTAR, UMR_T9406, LBMC Laboratoire de Biomécanique et Mécanique des Chocs-F69675, Bron, - - 2014
This study aimed at describing the scapulothoracic kinematics during the tennis serve in highly skilled tennis players. Thirteen male competitive players performed flat first serves, while eight high-speed cameras recorded the 3D trajectories of the 15 markers located on bony landmarks. The scapular position through the tennis serve was determined ...
Kubo Tadeu T A TT aDivision of Gastroenterology, Section of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Medicine, Ribeirão Preto Medical School bDepartment of Physics, Ribeirão Preto Faculty of Philosophy and Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo (SP), - - 2014
Duodenal contractions are thought to play a role in the control of gastric emptying. Although noninvasive techniques, such as ultrasonography and MRI, have been proposed for studying duodenal contractile activity in humans, there are no reports on the use of scintigraphy for this purpose. This work aimed to describe a ...
Esposti Roberto R Sezione di Fisiologia Umana - DePT, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Mangiagalli 32, 20133, Milan, - - 2014
The literature reports that anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) are programmed according to movement velocity. However, the linkage between APAs and velocity has been highlighted within single subjects who were asked to voluntarily change movement velocity; therefore, till now, it has been impossible to discern whether the key factor determining APA ...
Perryman Clare C Mathematics Research Institute, University of Exeter , Exeter EX4 4QF, - - 2014
Many natural and technological systems fail to adapt to changing external conditions and move to a different state if the conditions vary too fast. Such 'non-adiabatic' processes are ubiquitous, but little understood. We identify these processes with a new nonlinear phenomenon-an intricate threshold where a forced system fails to adiabatically ...
Thorup V M VM Department of Animal Science, Aarhus University, 8830 Tjele, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lameness is a frequent health problem in dairy cows. This preliminary study aimed to detect gait differences between healthy and lame walking cows using 3-dimensional force plates. We examined left-right leg symmetry changes of healthy and lame Holstein dairy cows following claw trimming. Gait scoring (GS) was performed on d ...
Voyer Daniel D Department of Psychology, University of New Brunswick, PO Box 4400, Fredericton, NB, E3B 5A3, Canada, - - 2014
Four experiments were conducted to investigate the interplay between context and tone of voice in the perception of sarcasm. These experiments emphasized the role of contrast effects in sarcasm perception exclusively by means of auditory stimuli whereas most past research has relied on written material. In all experiments, a positive ...
Cocron Peter P Department of Psychology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The low noise emission of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) has led to discussions about how to address potential safety issues for other road users. Legislative actions have already been undertaken to implement artificial sounds. In previous research, BEV drivers reported that due to low noise emission they paid particular attention ...
Wilson Dan D Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
We develop an approach to find an energy-optimal stimulus that entrains an ensemble of uncertain, uncoupled limit cycle oscillators. Furthermore, when entrainment occurs, the phase shift between oscillators is constrained to be less than a predetermined amount. This approach is illustrated for a model of Drosophila circadian activity, for which ...
Liu Xuan X Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, 323 Dr Martin Luther King Jr Blvd, Newark, NJ - - 2014
In this work, we investigated how bulk motion degraded the quality of optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography that was obtained through calculating interframe signal variation, i.e., interframe signal variation based optical coherence angiography (isvOCA). We demonstrated theoretically and experimentally that the spatial average of isvOCA signal had an explicit functional ...
Shimohigashi Yoshinobu Y Department of Radiological Technology, Kumamoto University Hospital, 1-1-1 Honjyo, Kumamoto, Japan, - - 2014
Our purpose in this study was to evaluate the performance of four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CBCT) and to optimize the acquisition parameters. We evaluated the relationship between the acquisition parameters of 4D-CBCT and the accuracy of the target motion trajectory using a dynamic thorax phantom. The target motion was created three ...
Elliott Mark A MA School of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland; Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Department of Psychology: General and Experimental Psychology, Leopoldstr. 13, 80802 Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Three patients with visual field defects were stimulated with a square matrix pattern, either static, or flickering at frequencies that had been found to either promote or not promote blindsight performance. Comparison between pre- and post-stimulation perimetric maps revealed an increase in the size of the intact visual field but ...
Irgens-Hansen Kaja K Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, Research Group for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Bergen, Årstadveien 21, 5009, Bergen, Norway, - - 2014
Prior studies have indicated a high prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) among Navy personnel; however, it is not clear whether this is caused by work on board. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of hearing loss among Navy personnel in the Royal Norwegian Navy (RNoN), and to ...
Cao Dingcai D Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago, IL , - - 2014
The intrinsic circadian clock requires photoentrainment to synchronize the 24-hour solar day. Therefore, light stimulation is an important component of chronobiological research. Currently, the chronobiological research field overwhelmingly uses photopic illuminance that is based on the luminous efficiency function, V(λ), to quantify light levels. However, recent discovery of intrinsically photosensitive ...
Katayama Natsu N Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, Japan Women's University, Tokyo 112-8681, - - 2014
Animals with color vision use color information in intra- and interspecific communication, which in turn may drive the evolution of conspicuous colored body traits via natural and sexual selection. A recent study found that the transparent wings of small flies and wasps in lower-reflectance light environments display vivid and stable ...
Ingram Travis T Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New - - 2014
Abstract The evolution of convergent phenotypes in lineages subject to similar selective pressures is a common feature of adaptive radiation. In geographically replicated radiations, repeated convergence occurs between clades occupying distinct regions or islands. Alternatively, a clade may repeatedly reach the same adaptive peaks in broadscale sympatry, resulting in extensive ...
Kong Dehuan - - 2014
We demonstrate experimentally the quantum frequency down-conversion of a bright amplitude-squeezed optical field via a high efficiency difference frequency generation process. 532 nm amplitude-squeezed light with squeezing of 1.0 dB is successfully translated to 810 nm amplitude-squeezed light with squeezing of 0.8 dB. The effects of amplitude and phase fluctuations ...
Northoff Georg G Royal Ottawa Healthcare Group, University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research, Ottawa, Canada; Taipei Medical University, Graduate Institute of Humanities in Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Taipei Medical University-Shuang Ho Hospital, Brain and Consciousness Research Center, New Taipei City, Taiwan; National Chengchi University, Research Center for Mind, Brain and Learning, Taipei, Taiwan; Centre for Cognition and Brain Disorders (CCBD), Normal University Hangzhou, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
William James famously characterized consciousness by 'stream of consciousness' which describes the temporal continuity and flow of the contents of consciousness in our 'inner time consciousness'. More specifically he distinguished between "substantive parts", the contents of consciousness, and "transitive parts", the linkages between different contents. While much research has recently ...
Blanke A A Department of Large Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 11, 04103, Leipzig, - - 2014
Clinical, anatomical and histological aspects of the equine acoustic organ have been poorly investigated and illustrated in literature so far. It is understood that an intact acoustic organ and hearing function are of vital importance for the well-being of flight animals like horses. The knowledge of the acoustic organ is ...
Luna-Rivera J M - - 2014
Color Shift Keying (CSK) is a new modulation scheme for visible light communication systems using RGB LEDs which has been standardized in the PHY III level of the IEEE 802.15.7. This paper proposes some modifications so as to include multiuser capabilities provided by a time-based multiplexing, with the modulation constellation ...
Yook Sunhyun S Department of Biomedical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul, - - 2014
In order to provide more consistent sound intelligibility for the hearing-impaired person, regardless of environment, it is necessary to adjust the setting of the hearing-support (HS) device to accommodate various environmental circumstances. In this study, a fully automatic HS device management algorithm that can adapt to various environmental situations is ...
Goya-Esteban Rebeca R Department of Signal Theory and Communications, Rey Juan Carlos University, Camino del Molino s/n, 28943, Fuenlabrada, Spain, - - 2014
Short-term properties of atrial fibrillation (AF) frequency, f-wave morphology, and irregularity parameters have been thoroughly studied, but not long-term properties. In the present work, f-wave morphology is characterized by principal component analysis, introducing a novel temporal parameter defined by the cumulative normalized variance of the three largest principal components [Formula: ...
Kalckert Andreas A Brain, Body & Self Laboratory, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Retzius väg 8, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The rubber hand illusion (RHI) is a perceptual illusion in which participants perceive a model hand as part of their own body. Here, through the use of one questionnaire experiment and two proprioceptive drift experiments, we investigated the effect of distance (12, 27.5, and 43cm) in the vertical plane on ...
Bermúdez de Castro José-María JM Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana, Paseo de la Sierra de Atapuerca, 09002, Burgos, - - 2014
Numerous studies have attempted to identify the presence of uniquely derived (autoapomorphic) Neandertal features. Here, we deal with the medial pterygoid tubercle (MTP), which is usually present on the internal face of the ascending ramus of Neandertal specimens. Our study stems from the identification of a hypertrophied tubercle in ATD6-96, ...
Akhoun Idrick I School of Psychological Sciences, Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK; Advanced Bionics European Research Centre, Feodor-Lynen-Strasse, 35, Hanover, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Independent-components-analysis (ICA) successfully separated electrically-evoked compound action potentials (ECAPs) from the stimulation artefact and noise (ECAP-ICA, Akhoun et al., 2013). This paper shows how to automate the ECAP-ICA artefact cancellation process. Raw-ECAPs without artefact rejection were consecutively recorded for each stimulation condition from at least 8 intra-cochlear electrodes. Firstly, amplifier-saturated ...
Barendregt Martijn M Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University; Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin - Madison. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stereomotion scotomas are a surprisingly common visual impairment that result in an observer's inability to accurately report the direction of an object's motion in depth in restricted parts of the visual field. In this study we investigated the role of binocular cues to motion in depth. Using stimuli containing only ...
Carboncini Maria Chiara MC Department of Neuroscience, University of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
Purpose: We describe the case of a subject in a post-traumatic Minimally Conscious State (MCS) who retrieved full interaction with the environment after midazolam infusion. We studied EEG correlates of the "awakening reaction" in the different domains of frequency, time and cortical topography, along with the intrinsic connectivity within both ...
Liberman Alina A Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
From moment to moment, we perceive objects in the world as continuous despite fluctuations in their image properties due to factors like occlusion, visual noise, and eye movements. The mechanism by which the visual system accomplishes this object continuity remains elusive. Recent results have demonstrated that the perception of low-level ...
Kakarot Nadine N Institute of Experimental Industrial Psychology - LüneLab, Leuphana University, Wilschenbrucher Weg 84a, 21335, Lueneburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2015
How are experiences of perceived exertion (PE), associated with varying load, integrated in a single measurement? In search of an integrating pattern of scalings of PE, 209 participants were randomly assigned to 7.5-min pedalling trials on a bicycle-ergometer. Intensities were either kept constant at 25 W, 50 W, 75 W, 100 W, 125 W, or ...
Webster Michael A MA Department of Psychology/296, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV 89557, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Countless visual aftereffects have illustrated how visual sensitivity and perception can be biased by adaptation to the recent temporal context. This contextual modulation has been proposed to serve a variety of functions, but the actual benefits of adaptation remain uncertain. We describe an approach we have recently developed for exploring ...
Jiang Xiong X Department of Neuroscience, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Both visual object priming and motion priming have been reported independently, but the interactions between the two are still largely unexplored. Here we investigated this question using a novel type of SFM stimuli, 3-D helixes, and found that the motion direction perception of an ambiguous helix can be biased by ...
Lex Heiko H a Neurocognition and Action - Biomechanics - Research Group, Faculty of Psychology and Sport Science , Bielefeld University , Bielefeld , - - 2014
Abstract The influence of a potentially fouled player's vocalisations on the referee's decisions was investigated. Experienced soccer referees watched video clips of real-match situations that were presented either without sound or with sound where a player's vocalisations were clearly audible and made judgements regarding fouls, direction of play and personal ...
Dubis Adam M AM Molecular Genetics, University College London, 11-43 Bath Street, London, EC1V 9EL, United Kingdom - - 2014
Purpose: Gene therapy trials for inherited photoreceptor disorders are planned. Anatomical metrics to select the best candidates and outcomes are needed. Adaptive optics (AO) imaging enables visualization of photoreceptor structure, though analytical tools are lacking. Here we present criteria to assess residual photoreceptor integrity in achromatopsia (ACHM). Methods: Two AOSLOs, ...
Williams Terrie M TM Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA. - - 2014
Pumas (Puma concolor) live in diverse, often rugged, complex habitats. The energy they expend for hunting must account for this complexity but is difficult to measure for this and other large, cryptic carnivores. We developed and deployed a physiological SMART (species movement, acceleration, and radio tracking) collar that used accelerometry ...
Ye-Lin Y Y Institute of Research and Innovation in Bioengineering, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n Ed.7F, 46022, Valencia, Spain, - - 2014
The conduction velocity and propagation patterns of the electrohysterogram (EHG) provide fundamental information on the electrophysiological condition of the uterus. However, the accuracy of these measurements can be impaired by both the poor spatial selectivity and sensitivity to the relative direction of the contraction propagation associated with conventional disc electrodes. ...
Sabatini C - - 2014
SUMMARY Despite significant developments in improving the optical properties of resin composite materials, their color stability remains a challenge. This study aimed to evaluate the shade stability of light-polymerized, methacrylate-based resin composites with different filler particle composition (microfill, minifill, nanohybrids, and microhybrids) polymerized with quartz-tungsten-halogen (QTH) and light-emitting diodes (LED). ...
VanDam Mark M Department of Speech & Hearing Sciences, College of Medical Sciences, Washington State University, 412 East Spokane Falls Boulevard, Spokane, Washington 99202 - - 2014
There has been increasing attention in the literature to wearable acoustic recording devices, particularly to examine naturalistic speech in disordered and child populations. Recordings are typically analyzed using automatic procedures that critically depend on the reliability of the collected signal. This work describes the acoustic amplitude response characteristics and the ...
Fortune Emma E Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Motion Analysis Laboratory, Rochester, - - 2014
Repeated durations of dynamic activity with high ground reaction forces (GRFs) and loading rates (LRs) can be beneficial to bone health. To fully characterize dynamic activity in relation to bone health, field-based measurements of gait kinetics are desirable to assess free-living lower-extremity loading. The study aims were to determine correlations ...
Luo Xin X Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Purdue University, 500 Oval Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana - - 2014
The perception of melodic intervals (sequential pitch differences) is essential to music perception. This study tested melodic interval perception in normal-hearing (NH) listeners and cochlear implant (CI) users. Melodic interval ranking was tested using an adaptive procedure. CI users had slightly higher interval ranking thresholds than NH listeners. Both groups' ...
Aldersley Andrew A Bristol Centre for Complexity Sciences, University of Bristol, Queen's Building, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TR, United - - 2014
Techniques for estimating temporal variation in the frequency content of acoustic tones based on short-time fast Fourier transforms are fundamentally limited by an inherent time-frequency trade-off. This paper presents an alternative methodology, based on Hilbert spectral analysis, which is not affected by this weakness, and applies it to the accurate ...
Alobeid Ahmad A PhD Student, Universitätsklinikums, Bonn, 53111, - - 2014
Previous studies have reported on mechanical properties of different orthodontic wires. However, there is a paucity of information that comparing the mechanical properties of Blue Elgiloy (BE) when compared to stainless steel and TMA, as finishing wires as received by different companies. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Tomioka Kenji K Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, - - 2014
Crickets provide a good model for the study of mechanisms underlying circadian rhythms and photoperiodic responses. They show clear circadian rhythms in their overt behavior and the sensitivity of the visual system. Classical neurobiological studies revealed that a pair of optic lobes is the locus of the circadian clock controlling ...
Smith Nicholas A NA Perceptual Development Laboratory, Boys Town National Research Hospital, 555 North 30th Street, Omaha, Nebraska, 68131 nicholas.smith@boystown.org, - - 2014
The temporal order discrimination of target tone pairs is hindered by the presence of flanker tones but is improved when the flanker tones are captured by a separate stream of tones that match the flankers in frequency [Bregman and Rudnicky (1975). J. Exp. Psychol. 1, 263-267]. In an event-related potential ...
Tarsang Ruangchai R Center for Organic Electronic and Alternative Energy, Department of Chemistry and Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ubon Ratchathani University, Ubon Ratchathani 34190 - - 2014
In an attempt to shed light on how the addition of a benzothiadiazole (BTD) moiety influences the properties of dyes, a series of newly designed triphenylamine-based sensitizers incorporating a BTD unit as an additional electron-withdrawing group in a specific donor-acceptor-π-acceptor architecture has been investigated. We found that different positions of ...
Rogers Tracey L TL Evolution & Ecology Research Centre, School of BEES, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Leopard seals (Hydrurga leptonyx) are top predators in the Antarctic ecosystem. They produce stereotyped calls as part of a stylized underwater vocal display. Understanding of their acoustic behavior is improved by identifying the amplitude of their calls. The amplitude of five types of calls (n = 50) from a single male seal ...
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