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Robinson Tim - - 2014
Background: The woodworking industry represents an important cause of occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), a significant yet underappreciated problem in many developing countries. Objectives: To describe the prevalence of occupational NIHL among woodworkers in Nepal and measure noise levels at workplaces. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 124 woodworkers ...
Sinclair J J a Division of Sport, Exercise and Nutritional Sciences , University of Central Lancashire , - - 2014
Abstract The current investigation aimed to determine whether there are differences in ball velocity and 3D kinematics when performing maximal kicks with the dominant and non-dominant limbs. Seventeen male academy soccer players performed maximal speed place kicks with their dominant and the non-dominant limbs. The 3D kinematics of the lower ...
Calcagno Vincent V INRA, Institut Sophia Agrobiotech (ISA), 400 route des Chappes, Sophia Antipolis, - - 2014
Understanding how often individuals should move when foraging over patchy habitats is a central question in ecology. By combining optimality and functional response theories, we show analytically how the optimal movement rate varies with the average resource level (enrichment) and resource distribution (patch heterogeneity). We find that the type of ...
Manzanero Antonio L AL Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the present study, the intuitive ability of police to discriminate between real and false statements of people with mild and moderate (IQ range=50-80, average=60.0) intellectual disabilities (ID) was analyzed. The assessments issued by groups with different levels of experience in police techniques (psychology students, and police officers) were compared. ...
Middleton Erica L - - 2014
The study of homophones-words with different meanings that sound the same-has great potential to inform models of language production. Of particular relevance is a phenomenon termed frequency inheritance, where a low-frequency word (e.g., deer) is produced more fluently than would be expected based on its frequency characteristics, presumably because of ...
Tahamiler Rauf R Otolaryngology Department, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
The objective of this work was to determine the role of nasal sound analysis using a software called Odiosoft-Rhino (OR) in evaluation of nasal erectile elements as a cause of nasal obstruction. Comparisons of nasal resistance, amplitude of the nasal sound frequency spectra, and visual analogue score (VAS) were made. ...
White Thomas E TE Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW, 2113, Australia. - - 2014
Sensory drive theory contends that signalling systems should evolve to optimize transmission between senders and intended receivers, while minimising visibility to eavesdroppers where possible. In visual communication systems, the high directionality afforded by iridescent colouration presents underappreciated avenues for mediating this trade-off. This hypothesis predicts functional links between signal design ...
Havel Miriam M Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Section Phoniatrics, University of Munich , Munich , - - 2014
The significance of nasal resonance and anti-resonance to voice production is a classical issue in vocal pedagogy and voice research. The complex structure of the nasal tract produces a complex frequency response. This complexity must be heavily influenced by the morphology of the paranasal cavities, but their contributions are far ...
Pilar Aivar M M Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, s/n, 28049 - Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To successfully move our hand to a target, it is important not only to consider the target of our movements but also to consider other objects in the environment that may act as obstacles. We previously found that the time needed to respond to a change in position was considerably ...
Cohen Michael X MX University of Amsterdam, Psychology Department, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this paper is to compare the effects of different spatial transformations applied to the same scalp-recorded EEG data. The spatial transformations applied are two referencing schemes (average and linked earlobes), the surface Laplacian, and beamforming (a distributed source localization procedure). EEG data were collected during a speeded ...
Shimelmitz Ron R Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, 199 Aba Hushi Avenue, Mount Carmel, Haifa 3498838, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
The use of fire is central to human survival and to the processes of becoming human. The earliest evidence for hominin use of fire dates to more than a million years ago. However, only when fire use became a regular part of human behavioral adaptations could its benefits be fully ...
Sofianidis George G Laboratory of Motor Control and Learning, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Light fingertip touch between partners swaying rhythmically side by side evokes interpersonal synchrony. In non-dancers and dancers swaying to a metronome, we examined the effects of frequency scaling and touch between the partners on both postural (ankle-hip) and inter-personal coordination. In both groups, touch did not interfere with the ankle-hip ...
Prosise Jodi F JF Department of Neuroscience, University of Minnesota, Lions Research Building, Room 421, 2001 Sixth St. SE, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, - - 2014
Hand shaping during prehension involves intricate coordination of a complex system of bones, joints, and muscles. It is widely hypothesized that the motor system uses strategies to reduce the degrees of independent control. Both biomechanical constraints that result in coupling of the fingers and joints and neural synergies act to ...
Prang Thomas C TC Center for the Study of Human Origins, Department of Anthropology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A key pedal adaptation to bipedality is a relatively large, weight-bearing calcaneus. The earliest evidence for a human-like, robust calcaneus is at 3.2 Ma in Australopithecus afarensis (A.L. 333-8, A.L. 333-55, A.L. 333-37) from Hadar, Ethiopia. Australopithecus sediba at 1.98 Ma from Malapa, South Africa displays a unique combination of primitive australopith ...
Cempini Marco - - 2014
Advances in technology are allowing for the production of several viable wearable robotic devices to assist with activities of daily living and with rehabilitation. One of the most pressing limitations to user satisfaction is the lack of consistency in motion between the user and the robotic device. The displacement between ...
Cho Young Kuen YK Department of Biomedical Engineering and Research Institute for Medical Instruments & Rehabilitation Engineering, Yonsei University, Wonju, Gangwon 220-842, Republic of - - 2014
Measuring shear force is crucial for investigating the pathology and treatment of pressure ulcers. In this study, we introduced a bi-axial shear transducer based on strain gauges as a new shear sensor. The sensor consisted of aluminum and polyvinyl chloride plates placed between quadrangular aluminum plates. On the middle plate, ...
Soroka A A University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Department of Tourism and Recreation, Lublin, Poland - - - 2014
The aim of this study was to define the locomotor activity of footballer players during the 2010 World Cup and to assess what differences existed among different playing positions. Research was conducted using research material collected from the Castrol Performance Index, a kinematic game analysis system that records player movements ...
Buss Emily E 1Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA; and 2Division of Speech and Hearing, Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2014
Masked sentence recognition is typically evaluated by presenting a novel stimulus on each trial. As a consequence, experiments calling for replicate estimates in multiple conditions require large corpora of stimuli. The present study evaluated the consequences of repeating sentence-plus-masker pairs at ascending target-to-masker ratios (TMRs). The hypothesis was that performance ...
Stewart Adam Michael AM Brain-Body Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1601 W. Taylor Ave., Chicago, IL 60612, - - 2015
Vocalizations serve as a conspecific social communication system among mammals. Modulation of acoustic features embedded within vocalizations is used by several mammalian species to signal whether it is safe or dangerous to approach conspecific and heterospecific mammals. As described by the Polyvagal Theory, the phylogenetic shift in the evolution of ...
Kim Taeho T Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Florida, USA. Department of Radiation Oncology, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia, Virginia, - - 2014
A dual quasi-breath-hold (DQBH) technique is proposed for respiratory motion management (a hybrid technique combining breathing-guidance with breath-hold task in the middle). The aim of this study is to test a hypothesis that the DQBH biofeedback system improves both the capability of motion management and delivery efficiency. Fifteen healthy human ...
Boyle Patrick M PM Institute for Computational Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 316 Hackerman Hall, 3400 N Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
Optogenetics is an exciting new technology in which viral gene or cell delivery is used to inscribe light sensitivity in excitable tissue to enable optical control of bioelectric behavior. Initial progress in the fledgling domain of cardiac optogenetics has included in vitro expression of various light-sensitive proteins in cell monolayers ...
Turner Richard D RD Department of Respiratory Medicine, Homerton University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London E9 6SR, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cough causes morbidity and transmits disease yet has been under-researched. The best method for recognising and counting coughs remains unclear. We tested the accuracy of the human ear and measured the influence of visual data on cough counting. We also evaluated PulmoTrack(®), a potentially fully-automated cough monitor. Consistency amongst listeners ...
Sunde Erlend E 1.Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, Research Group for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Bergen, Årstadveien 21, 5009 Bergen, Norway - - 2014
Despite awareness of noise aboard vessels at sea, few studies have reported measured noise levels aboard ships. This study aimed to describe the noise levels aboard vessels in the Royal Norwegian Navy (RNoN), and to assess the noise exposure of personnel aboard RNoN vessels. In 2012/2013 noise measurements were conducted ...
Raghu Prasad M S MS Haptics Lab, Biomedical Engineering Group, Department of Applied Mechanics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, 600036, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
In laparoscopic surgery, no external feedback on the magnitude of the force exerted is available. Hence, surgeons and residents tend to exert excessive force, which leads to tissue trauma. Ability of surgeons and residents to perceive their own force output without external feedback is a critical factor in laparoscopic force-skills ...
Mishra Srikanta K - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the repeatability of a fine-resolution, distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE)-based assay of the medial olivocochlear (MOC) reflex in normal-hearing adults. Data were collected during 36 test sessions from four normal-hearing adults to assess short-term stability and five normal-hearing adults to assess long-term ...
Fontaine Bertrand B Dominick P. Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA, - - 2014
While the barn owl has been extensively used as a model for sound localization and temporal coding, less is known about the mechanisms at its sensory organ, the basilar papilla (homologous to the mammalian cochlea). In this paper, we characterize, for the first time in the avian system, the auditory ...
Summerfield Christopher C Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3UD, - - 2014
Sensory signals are highly structured in both space and time. These structural regularities in visual information allow expectations to form about future stimulation, thereby facilitating decisions about visual features and objects. Here, we discuss how expectation modulates neural signals and behaviour in humans and other primates. We consider how expectations ...
Battistoni Andrea - - 2014
In this Letter, we present a simple method to avoid the well-known spurious contributions in the Brillouin light scattering (BLS) spectrum arising from the finite aperture of collection optics. The method relies on the use of special spatial filters able to select the scattered light with arbitrary precision around a ...
Azizi Emanuel E Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA - - 2014
A controlled landing, where an animal does not crash or topple, requires enough stability to allow muscles to effectively dissipate mechanical energy. Toads (Rhinella marina) are exemplary models for understanding the mechanics and motor control of landing given their ability to land consistently during bouts of continuous hopping. Previous studies ...
Laughlin Walter A WA American Sports Medicine Institute, Birmingham, Alabama, USA - - 2014
Baseball pitchers who undergo superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) repair often have trouble returning to their previous level of performance. While the reason is often assumed to be diminished shoulder range of motion or other mechanical changes, differences in pitching biomechanics between baseball pitchers with a history of SLAP repair and ...
Shupak Avi A *Unit of Otoneurology, Lin Medical Center, Haifa, Israel; †Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, Israel, ‡The Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa, Israel; and §Department of Communication Science and Disorders, University of Haifa, Haifa, - - 2014
To evaluate the role of otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) in the prediction of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) outcome. Open-label prospective study. Tertiary referral medical center. Fifteen ISSNHL patients (age: 57.6 ± 16.2 years) were prospectively followed 7 days, 14 days, and 3 months post-presentation and the commencement of treatment. ...
Kohli Kirpal - - 2014
In radiotherapy, temporary translocations of the internal organs and tumor induced by respiratory and cardiac activities can undesirably lead to significantly lower radiation dose on the targeted tumor but more harmful radiation on surrounding healthy tissues. Respiratory and cardiac gated radiotherapy offers a potential solution for the treatment of tumors ...
Pieters B B Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Therapy, CatharinaHospital Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands - - - 2014
Videolaryngoscopy has proven advantageous over direct laryngoscopy for a variety of outcome variables, most importantly, making laryngoscopy more successful. We tested whether three videolaryngoscopes (VLS), McGrath® series 5 (Aircraft Medical Ltd, Edinburgh, UK), C--MAC® (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany) and GlideScope® Cobalt (Verathon Medical, Bothell, WA, USA) exert reduced forces on ...
Masella Benjamin D BD The Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 314, Rochester, New York, 14642, United States - - 2014
Purpose: Retinal densitometry provides objective information about retinal function. But, a number of factors, including retinal reflectance changes that are not directly related to photopigment depletion, complicate its interpretation. We explore these factors and suggest a method to minimize their impact. Methods: An adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscope (AOSLO) was ...
Hsu Wei-Chun WC Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan, ROC; Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taiwan, - - 2014
Adapting to a predictable moving surface such as an escalator is a crucial part of daily locomotor tasks in modern cities. However, the associated biomechanics have remained unexplored. In a gait laboratory, fifteen young adults walked from the ground onto a moving or a static surface while their kinematic and ...
Worssam Christopher J CJ Science Laboratories, Department of Psychology, Durham University, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE, - - 2014
It has been demonstrated that both visual feedback and the presence of certain types of non-target objects in the workspace can affect kinematic measures and the trajectory path of the moving hand during reach-to-grasp movements. Yet no study to date has examined the possible effect of providing non-obstructing three-dimensional (3D) ...
de Fez Dolores D Dpto. Óptica, Farmacología y Anatomía, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain. - - 2014
In this study, the reliability of perimetric contrast sensitivity measurements favouring the achromatic, the red-green and the blue-yellow post-receptorial mechanisms was analysed. A new technique, multichannel ATD perimetry, provides spatial and temporal stimuli favouring the detection by an achromatic mechanism (A), from a magno or parvocellular origin or by a ...
Santos-Concejero Jordan J UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2014
This study aimed to determine whether biomechanical characteristics such as ground contact time, swing time, stride length and frequency contribute to the exceptional running economy of East African runners. Seventeen elite long-distance runners (9 Eritrean, 8 European) performed an incremental maximal running test and three submaximal running bouts at 17, ...
Zaffino Chiara C Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via C. Golgi 19, 20133 Milano, - - 2014
In the present work, the use of portable instrumentation allowing in-situ reflection FTIR analyses is exploited to identify the coloring matters of northern-Italian illuminations dating to the XVI century. In order to build a database of spectra, reference paint samples were prepared spreading the pigments on parchment with two different ...
Wang Xiaotao - - 2014
Emerging evidence has revealed that visual processing of objects near the hands is altered. The present study shows that the visuomotor Simon effect when the hands are proximal to stimuli is greater than that observed when the hands are far from stimuli, thereby indicating stronger spatial stimulus-response mapping near the ...
Reiss Lina A J LA Department of Otolaryngology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, - - 2014
Pitch plasticity has been observed in Hybrid cochlear implant (CI) users. Does pitch plasticity also occur in bimodal CI users with traditional long-electrode CIs, and is pitch adaptation pattern associated with electrode discrimination or speech recognition performance? The goals of this study were to characterize pitch adaptation patterns in long-electrode ...
Kiral-Kornek F Isabell FI NeuroEngineering Laboratory, Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Australia. Centre for Neural Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Australia. NICTA, c/- Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, The University of Melbourne, - - 2014
Objective. Stimulation strategies for retinal prostheses predominately seek to directly encode image brightness values rather than edge orientations. Recent work suggests that the generation of oriented elliptical phosphenes may be possible by controlling interactions between neighboring electrodes. Based on this, we propose a novel stimulation strategy for prosthetic vision that ...
Davies Bronwen B Caswell Clinic, UK - - 2014
This preliminary study explores the relationships between challenging behaviour and emotional perception in a population of adults with intellectual disabilities, in order to establish whether there are grounds for further study. Cross-sectional data were collected from 96 participants with intellectual disabilities and 95 carers. The service user participants completed the ...
Cross Matt R MR Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ), Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, - - 2014
This study compared mechanical properties of over-ground sprint running in elite rugby union and rugby league athletes. Thirty elite rugby code (15 rugby union and 15 rugby league) athletes participated in this cross-sectional analysis. Radar was used to measure maximal over-ground sprint performance over 20 or 30 metres (forwards and ...
Rodrigues S P SP Department of Gynecology, K6-76, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC, Leiden, The Netherlands, - - 2014
A study was performed to determine differences in applied interaction force between conventional open surgery and laparoscopic surgery during suturing in a non-clinical setting. In a laparoscopic box trainer set-up, experts performed two intracorporeal and two extracorporeal sutures on an artificial skin model. They also performed two instrument-tie knots and ...
Fox Jeremy W JW Dept. of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr. NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada. - - 2014
Local adaptation occurs when different environments are dominated by different specialist genotypes, each of which is relatively fit in its local conditions and relatively unfit under other conditions. Analogously, ecological species sorting occurs when different environments are dominated by different competing species, each of which is relatively fit in its ...
Zafereo Jason J Department of Physical Therapy, UT Southwestern Medical Center. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether a relationship exists between sagittal plane hip range of motion (ROM) loss and sagittal plane lumbar Movement System Impairment (MSI) categories in patients with low back pain (LBP). Correlational study SETTING: University outpatient physical therapy clinic PARTICIPANTS: Forty subjects with LBP INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Ou Yinglei - - 2014
Because of the complexity of the shapes of the structures of buildings, the glass curtain walls of such buildings have different geometries; some of these glass curtain walls have high reflectivity and can strongly focus incident solar light. Under ideal conditions, the solar radiation flux incident onto the glass curtain ...
Bain Glen C GC Department of Zoology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, 3010, - - 2014
The frequency of extra-pair paternity (EPP) in socially monogamous birds varies substantially between and within species, but ecological drivers of this variation remain poorly understood. Habitat configuration could influence EPP by moderating access to extra-pair mates, because species occupying territories in a clustered 'honeycomb' configuration have a larger pool of ...
Egusquiza Nerea N Department of Linguistics and Basque Studies, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Unibertsitateko Ibilbidea 5, 01006, Vitoria, - - 2014
High-frequency words are usually understood and produced faster than low-frequency words. Although the effect of word frequency is a reliable phenomenon in many domains of language processing, it remains unclear whether and how frequency affects pronominal anaphoric resolution. We evaluated this issue by means of two self-paced reading experiments. Native ...
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