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To Wai Ming WM Macao Polytechnic Institute, School of Business, Rua de Luis Gonzaga Gomes, Macao SAR, People's Republic of - - 2014
Noise affects the dining atmosphere and is an occupational hazard to restaurant service employees worldwide. This paper examines the levels of noise in dining areas during peak hours in different types of restaurants in Hong Kong SAR, China. A mathematical model that describes the noise level in a restaurant is ...
Hildebrandt K Jannis KJ Cluster of Excellence "Hearing4all", Department for Neuroscience, University Oldenburg, 26111, Oldenburg, Germany, - - 2014
Hearing in insects serves to gain information in the context of mate finding, predator avoidance or host localization. For these goals, the auditory pathways of insects represent the computational substrate for object recognition and localization. Before these higher level computations can be executed in more central parts of the nervous ...
Cho Seong J SJ Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang, 790-784, Republic of Korea. - - 2014
An ideal black material absorbs light perfectly over all wavelengths and is totally nonreflective. Material and structural design are crucial to the management of reflectivity. Here, we report a three-dimensionally designed (3D) silicon structure consisting of silicon pillars. To our knowledge, this 3D hierarchical surface has the lowest specular reflectance ...
Ainsworth Barbara B Exercise Science and Health Promotion, School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physical activity (PA) is a behavior that involves bodily movements resulting in energy expenditure. When assessing PA, the goal is to identify the frequency, duration, intensity, and types of behaviors performed during a period of time. Self-report measures of PA include administration of questionnaires and completion of detailed diaries and/or ...
Lappin A Kristopher AK California State Polytechnic University, United States; - - 2014
Bite-force performance is an ecologically important measure of whole-organism performance that shapes dietary breadth and feeding strategies and, in some taxa, determines reproductive success. It also is a metric critical to testing and evaluating biomechanical models. We reviewed nearly one-hundred published studies of a range of taxa that incorporate direct ...
Vernetta-Santana M M Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences,Granada University, Spain - - - 2014
The aim of the study is to ascertain the acute effect of stretching technique Active Isolated Stretching (AIS) over the range of active and passive movement of the hip in flexion and peak isometric force (PIF) knee flexion. The left and right leg of seventeen male Physical Education students (Mean ...
Whiteside David D a School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health , University of Western Australia, Crawley , - - 2014
Abstract Enhancing the understanding of coordination and variability in the tennis serve may be of interest to coaches as they work with players to improve performance. The current study examined coordinated joint rotations and variability in the lower limbs, trunk, serving arm and ball location in the elite female tennis ...
Brooks Justin R JR a Army Research Laboratory, Human Research and Engineering Directorate, Aberdeen Proving Ground , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Driver behavior and vehicle-road kinematics have been shown to change over prolonged periods of driving; however, the interaction between these two indices has not been examined. Here we develop a measure that examines how drivers turn the steering wheel relative to heading error velocity, which the authors call the ...
Muller C C Belgian Users Support Operation Centre, Avenue Circulaire, 3, 1180, Brussels, Belgium, - - 2014
The beginning of September 1859 was the occasion of the first and unique observation of a giant solar white light flare, auroral displays were observed at low latitudes and geomagnetic observatories recorded exceptional storms. This paper reviews the impact of the event on the earth system with a special emphasis ...
Buchheit Martin M a Performance Department , Paris Saint Germain FC , Saint-Germain-en-Laye , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of the present study was to examine, in highly trained young soccer players, the mechanical horizontal determinants of acceleration (Acc) and maximal sprinting speed (MSS). Eighty-six players (14.1 ± 2.4 year) performed a 40-m sprint to assess Acc and MSS. Speed was measured with a 100-Hz radar, and theoretical ...
Erickson R P RP National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305, - - 2014
We have generated frequency combs spanning 0.5 to 20 GHz in superconducting λ/2 resonators at T=3  K. Thin films of niobium-titanium nitride enabled this development due to their low loss, high nonlinearity, low frequency dispersion, and high critical temperature. The combs nucleate as sidebands around multiples of the pump frequency. Selection rules ...
Sloan Stephen R SR Jr Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, 35 Thomas Grove, Pittsford, New York, 14534, United States - - 2014
Purpose: To characterize the depth-dependent shear modulus of the central and peripheral human cornea along the superior-inferior and nasal-temporal directions with a high spatial resolution. Methods: Cylindrical explants from the central and peripheral cornea of 10 human donors were subjected to a 5% shear strain along the superior-inferior and nasal-temporal ...
Seddon Paul P Consultant Respiratory Paediatrician, Royal Alexandra Children's Hospital, Eastern Road, Brighton BN2 5BE, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Assessing chest wall motion is a basic and vital component in managing the child with respiratory problems, whether these are due to pathology in the lungs, airways, chest wall or muscles. Since the 1960s, clinical assessment has been supplemented with an ever-growing range of technological options for measuring chest wall ...
Liu Jie J Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, - - 2014
Voluntary surface electromyogram (EMG) signals from neurological injury patients are often corrupted by involuntary background interference or spikes, imposing difficulties for myoelectric control. We present a novel framework to suppress involuntary background spikes during voluntary surface EMG recordings. The framework applies a Wiener filter to restore voluntary surface EMG signals ...
Kettler Lutz L Department of Zoology and Animal Physiology, Aachen University, Worringerweg 3, 52074, Aachen, Germany, - - 2014
Barn owls do not immediately approach a source after they hear a sound, but wait for a second sound before they strike. This represents a gain in striking behavior by avoiding responses to random incidents. However, the first stimulus is also expected to change the threshold for perceiving the subsequent ...
Schmidt Arne K D AK Department of Zoology, Karl-Franzens-University, Universitätsplatz 2, 8010, Graz, Austria, - - 2014
The efficiency of long-distance acoustic signalling of insects in their natural habitat is constrained in several ways. Acoustic signals are not only subjected to changes imposed by the physical structure of the habitat such as attenuation and degradation but also to masking interference from co-occurring signals of other acoustically communicating ...
Lee Yu-Hao YH 1 Department of Electrical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University , Tainan, Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine whether emotional stability distinguishes how experienced and novice meditators react to visual stimuli. Design: Participants practiced concentrative meditation and then responded to visual stimuli while continuing to meditate. Participants: Ten experienced and 10 novice meditators responded to sequences of visual stimuli after concentrative meditation. Results: As ...
Higashiyama Atsuki A Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan, - - 2014
We determined orientation of a line that is seen to be vertical (i.e., apparent vertical) while the head is inclined with the trunk upright. In this condition, it has been documented that apparent vertical is independent of head orientation (i.e., orientation constancy) or is in a direction opposite to the ...
Yu Lie L School of Information Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, China; Key Laboratory of Fiber Optic Sensing Technology and Information Processing, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
A novel method is presented to detect real-time gait phases based on ground contact forces (GCFs) measured by force sensitive resistors (FSRs). The traditional threshold method (TM) sets a threshold to divide the GCFs into on-ground and off-ground statuses. However, TM is neither an adaptive nor real-time method. The threshold ...
Vallabhajosula Srikant S Department of Physical Therapy Education, Elon University, Elon, NC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
High frequency stimulation (HFS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) has been shown to have little impact on postural control and gait improvements in Parkinson's disease (PD). There is a lack of consensus and quantitative evidence to suggest that stimulating STN at a lower frequency (LFS) as compared to HFS will ...
Ma Wang Kei WK Directorate of Radiography, University of Salford, Salford, M6 6PU, United - - 2014
Objectives: To determine if movement external to the patient occurring during mammography may be a source of image blur. Methods: Four mammography machines with seven flexible and nine fixed paddles were evaluated. In the first stage, movement at the paddle was measured mechanically using two calibrated linear potentiometers. A deformable ...
Kumar Pradeep P Senior resident, Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George's Medical University UP, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Pattern formation is the most difficult and demanding step in the fabrication of a facial prosthesis. Traditionally, the pattern fabrication of an orbital prosthesis begins with the adaptation of softened base plate wax on the cast, over which the entire pattern is fabricated. However, owing to the inherent properties of wax, ...
Faugloire Elise - - 2014
This study quantified the effectiveness of tactile guidance in indicating a direction to turn to and measured its benefits compared to spatial language. The device (CAYLAR), which was composed of 8 vibrators, specified the requested direction by a vibration at the corresponding location around the waist. Twelve participants were tested ...
Stamper Greta C GC Department of Hearing and Speech, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, - - 2014
To determine whether suprathreshold measures of auditory function, such as distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) and auditory brainstem responses (ABRs), are correlated with noise exposure history in normal-hearing human ears. Recent data from animal studies have revealed significant deafferentation of auditory nerve fibers after full recovery from temporary noise-induced hearing loss. ...
Liu Pan P Division of Psychology, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, - - 2014
Prolonged exposure to a visual stimulus, such as a happy face, biases the perception of subsequently presented neutral face toward sad perception, the known face adaptation. Face adaptation is affected by visibility or awareness of the adapting face. However, whether it is affected by discriminability of the adapting face is ...
Power Jonathan D JD Dept. of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, 660S. Euclid Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to communicate and synthesize recent findings related to motion artifact in resting state fMRI. In 2011, three groups reported that small head movements produced spurious but structured noise in brain scans, causing distance-dependent changes in signal correlations. This finding has prompted both methods development ...
Badioli Michela - - 2014
The photoresponse of graphene at mid-infrared frequencies is of high technological interest and is governed by fundamentally different underlying physics than the photoresponse at visible frequencies, as the energy of the photons and substrate phonons involved have comparable energies. Here we perform a spectrally resolved study of the graphene photoresponse ...
Rahne Torsten T Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Halle Hearing and ImplantCenter, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), - - 2014
A constant tension of the sternocleidomastoid muscles is a prerequisite to a reliable recording of cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP). Therefore, the head elevation method, the head rotation method, and the head-hand method are used in clinical practice. So far, no method has been shown to achieve the best ...
Horr Ninja K NK Centre for Computational Neuroscience and Cognitive Robotics, Department of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, - - 2014
A commonly observed phenomenon to elucidate distortions of perceived duration is the filled-duration illusion: a temporal interval delimited by two marker signals is perceived to be shorter than the same interval with several identical filler signals. Previous investigations have focused on regularly spaced (isochronous) fillers and the influence of their ...
Ramírez Álvarez Elizeth - - 2014
A phenomenological study of the mercury beating heart system in a three electrode electrochemical cell configuration forced with a harmonic perturbation is presented. The system is controlled via a potentiostat, where the mercury drop is electrically connected to a platinum wire and acts as the working electrode. This configuration exhibits ...
Lipsitz Lewis L Hebrew SeniorLife (HSL) Institute for Aging Research, Boston MA; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston MA; Harvard Medical School, Boston MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to test whether subsensory vibratory noise applied to the sole of the foot using a novel piezo-electric vibratory insole, can significantly improve sensation, enhance balance, and reduce gait variability in elderly people. We also aimed to determine the optimal level of vibratory noise , ...
Yang Xiao-Jing XJ Institute of Biology, Leiden University, Sylviusweg 72, 2333 BE Leiden, The Netherlands; School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many animals live in or near urban areas that have become increasingly widespread and noisy over the last century. Especially those species that rely heavily on acoustics for communication may be affected by these elevated anthropogenic noise levels. Many bird species that sing to defend their territories and to attract ...
Rapp Katrin K a IfADo - Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors , Dortmund , - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Anticipatory adjustments to abrupt load changes are based on task-specific predictive information. The authors asked whether anticipatory adjustments to abrupt offsets of horizontal forces are related to expectancy. In two experiments participants held a position against an opposing force or moved against it. At force offset they had to ...
Quick S S Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Technische Universitaet Dresden Heart Center University Hospital, Fetscherstr 76, 01307, Dresden, Germany, - - 2014
Right ventricular (RV) shape and function serves as an indicator in several types of heart disease such as arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD). However, there is no in-depth knowledge of RV motion, even in healthy subjects. The aim of our study was to provide a quantitative analysis of normal variations ...
Vie Bruno B School of Podiatry, Marseille, - - 2014
Insoles are known to alter plantar loads and thus plantar sensory input. We therefore hypothesised that plantar somatosensory sensation could be modified over time by use of hard metatarsal pads. A sample of 12 healthy female participants was randomly allocated to either soft metatarsal pads (n=6, latex foam, Shore A11) ...
Hessler Eric E EE a Department of Psychology , University of Minnesota - - 2014
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to see how motor-respiratory coordination could improve with augmented visual feedback. Participants performed inphase and antiphase patterns between movement and breathing. When the target pattern was performed properly, balls in a feedback display either moved up and down together (inphase feedback) or opposite ...
Macias Marisa E ME Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Durham, NC, 27708, - - 2014
Neandertals and Homo sapiens are known to differ in scapular glenoid fossa morphology. Functional explanations may be appropriate for certain aspects of glenoid fossa morphology; however other factors - e.g., allometry, evolutionary development - must be addressed before functional morphology is considered. Using three dimensional geometric morphometrics, shape of the ...
Hallum Luke E LE Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY 10003, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Single neurons in areas V1 and V2 of macaque visual cortex respond selectively to luminance-modulated stimuli. These responses are often influenced by context, for example when stimuli extend outside the classical receptive field (CRF). These contextual phenomena, observed in many sensory areas, reflect a fundamental cortical computation and may inform ...
Negre Christian F A - - 2014
We find that crystallographically resolved Ti17O24(OPr(i))20 nanoparticles, functionalized by covalent attachment of 4-nitrophenyl-acetylacetonate or coumarin 343 adsorbates, exhibit hole injection into surface states when photoexcited with visible light (λ=400-680 nm). Our findings are supported by photoelectrochemical measurements, EPR spectroscopy and quantum dynamics simulations of interfacial charge transfer. The underlying mechanism ...
Aronov Dmitriy D Princeton Neuroscience Institute, Bezos Center for Neural Circuit Dynamics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, - - 2014
Virtual reality (VR) enables precise control of an animal's environment and otherwise impossible experimental manipulations. Neural activity in rodents has been studied on virtual 1D tracks. However, 2D navigation imposes additional requirements, such as the processing of head direction and environment boundaries, and it is unknown whether the neural circuits underlying ...
Wie Jeong Jae JJ Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH, 45433, USA; Azimuth Corporation, 4134 Linden Avenue, Dayton, OH, 45432, - - 2014
Light is a readily available and sustainable energy source. Transduction of light into mechanical work or electricity in functional materials, composites, or systems has other potential advantages derived from the ability to remotely, spatially, and temporally control triggering by light. Toward this end, this work examines photoinduced piezoelectric (photopiezoelectric) effects ...
Poeta Gianluca G Department of Sciences, University of Rome III, viale Marconi, 446, 00146 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sandy shores are generally considered important sinks for marine litter and the presence of this litter may represent a serious threat to biotic communities and dune integrity mostly due to cleaning activities carried out through mechanical equipment. In spring (April-May) 2012 we sampled 153 2×2m random plots to assess the ...
Meso Andrew Isaac AI CNRS & Aix-Marseille Université - - 2014
Motion sensitivity is a fundamental property of human vision. Although its neural correlates are normally only directly accessible with neurophysiological approaches, Neri (2014) proposed psychophysical reverse correlation to derive perceptual fields, revealing previously unseen dynamics of human motion detection. In this Neuro Forum, these key findings are discussed, putting them ...
Pedrosa David J DJ http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5403-1959 Department of Neurology and - - 2014
Thalamomuscular coherence in essential tremor (ET) has consistently been detected in numerous neurophysiological studies. Thereby, spatial properties of coherence indicate a differentiated, somatotopic organization; so far, however, little attention has been paid to temporal aspects of this interdependency. Further insight into the relationship between tremor onset and the onset of ...
Sun Hao H State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers, Department of Macromolecular Science and Laboratory of Advanced Materials, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200438, - - 2014
Aligned carbon-nanotube (CNT) sheets are used as building blocks to prepare light-weight, frequency-tunable and high-performance microwave absorbers, and the absorption frequency can be accurately controlled by stacking them with different intersectional angles. A remarkable reflection loss of -47.66 dB is achieved by stacking four aligned CNT sheets with an intersectional ...
Si Guangyuan G College of Information Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004, People's Republic of - - 2014
We report on a broad color tuning effect covering the visible range from a single plasmonic chip. By simply tilting the orientation of the designed plasmonic chip within a certain range, the photon-plasmon coupling interactions between the incident light and the plasmonic nanostructures on the chip can be finely tuned, ...
Voigts Jakob J MIT - - 2014
Rodents use rhythmic protractions of their whiskers to locate objects in space. The amplitude of these protractions is reduced when whiskers contact objects, leading to a tendency of whiskers to only lightly touch the environment. While the impact of this process on the sensory input has been studied, little is ...
Hochberg Yonit Y Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA and Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, - - 2014
We present a new paradigm for achieving thermal relic dark matter. The mechanism arises when a nearly secluded dark sector is thermalized with the standard model after reheating. The freeze-out process is a number-changing 3→2 annihilation of strongly interacting massive particles (SIMPs) in the dark sector, and points to sub-GeV ...
Veilleux Louis-Nicolas LN a Département de kinésiologie , Université de Montréal , Québec , - - 2014
Abstract Prism exposure when aiming at a visual target in a virtual condition (e.g., when the hand is represented by a video representation) produces no or only small adaptations (aftereffects), whereas prism exposure in a natural condition produces large aftereffects. Some researchers suggested that this difference may arise from distinct ...
Kendall Ann A Kresge Hearing Research Institute, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5616, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
C57BL/6 inbred mice are frequently used as models in auditory research, mostly the C57BL/6J and C57BL/6N substrains. Genetic variation and phenotypic disparities between these two substrains have been extensively investigated, but conflicting information exists about differences in their auditory and vestibular phenotypes. Literature-based comparisons are rendered difficult or impossible because ...
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