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Travassos Bruno B Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Portugal; CIDESD - Research Center in Sports, Health Sciences and Human Development, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to measure how the change on targets information modifies teams' tactical behavior during football small-sided games. 20 male senior professional players divided in 4 teams of 5 players participated in the study. Each team played two small-sided games, one with 2 official targets with goalkeeper and one ...
Radhakrishnan Kirthi K Division of Cardiovascular Health and Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Echogenic liposomes (ELIP) are being developed for the early detection and treatment of atherosclerotic lesions. An 80% loss of echogenicity of ELIP has been found to be concomitant with the onset of stable and inertial cavitation. The ultrasound pressure amplitude at which this occurs is weakly dependent on pulse duration. ...
Ekdale Eric G EG Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA; Department of Paleontology, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego, CA, - - 2014
The evolution of hearing in cetaceans is a matter of current interest given that odontocetes (toothed whales) are sensitive to high frequency sounds and mysticetes (baleen whales) are sensitive to low and potentially infrasonic noises. Earlier diverging stem cetaceans (archaeocetes) were hypothesized to have had either low or high frequency ...
Borcia Rodica - - 2014
We discuss a mechanism for controlled motion of drops with applications for micro-fluidics and micro-gravity. The mechanism is the following: a solid plate supporting a liquid droplet is simultaneously subject to lateral and vertical harmonic oscillations. In this way the symmetry of the back-and-forth droplet movement along the substrate under ...
Eikmeier Verena V Department of Psychology, University of Tübingen, Schleichstr. 4, 72076 Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies reported a space-time congruency effect on response time, supporting the notion that people's thinking about time is grounded in their spatial sensorimotor experience. According to a strong view of metaphoric mapping, the congruency effect should be larger for responses that differ in their spatial features than for responses ...
Jacobs David S DS Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South - - 2014
The skulls of animals have to perform many functions. Optimization for one function may mean another function is less optimized resulting in evolutionary trade-offs. Here we investigate whether a trade-off exists between the masticatory and sensory functions of animal skulls using echolocating bats as model species. Several species of rhinolophid ...
van Wassenhove Virginie V CEA, DSV/I(2)BM, NeuroSpin, INSERM, U992, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Univ Paris-Sud F-91191 Gif/Yvette, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The estimation of duration can be affected by context and surprise. Using MagnetoEncephaloGraphy (MEG), we tested whether increased neural activity during surprise and following neural suppression in two different contexts supported subjective time dilation (Eagleman & Pariyadath, 2009; Pariyadath & Eagleman, 2012). Sequences of three 300ms frequency-modulated (FM, control) or ...
Fenk Lisa M LM Research Institute of Molecular Pathology, Vienna Biocenter, Dr. Bohr-Gasse 7, 1030 Vienna, - - 2014
Visual object fixation and figure-ground discrimination in Drosophila are robust behaviors requiring sophisticated computation by the visual system, yet the neural substrates remain unknown. Recent experiments in walking flies revealed object fixation behavior mediated by circuitry independent from the motion-sensitive T4-T5 cells required for wide-field motion responses [1]. In tethered flight experiments under ...
Han J Y JY Applied Skin Research Institute, AMOREPACIFIC Corporation, R&D Center, Yongin-si, - - 2014
This study was conducted to define yellowish skin color, which is a major concern of Asian women, and to develop a 3D skin-pigment color model. A total of 22 Korean females were enrolled in this study. These women were asked to use a functional cosmetic product with whitening agents for ...
Dybzinski Ray R Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, - - 2014
Changes in resource availability often cause competitively-driven changes in tree allocation to foliage, wood, and fine roots, either via plastic changes within individuals or through turnover of individuals with differing strategies. Here, we investigate how optimally competitive tree allocation should change in response to elevated atmospheric CO2 along a gradient ...
Yamamoto Ken K Department Pure and Applied Physics, Faculty of Engineering Science, Kansai University, Osaka 564-8680, - - 2014
In this work the effect of ultrasonic waves on suspensions of Chlamydomonas concordia and Dunaliella salina have been investigated at frequencies of 20, 585, 864 and 1146kHz and at different acoustic powers. Results showed that the reduction in algal numbers was dependent on both frequency and acoustic power. The order ...
Thomas Christopher C Directorate of Sport, Exercise and Physiotherapy. University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, - - 2014
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the reliability of the Dynamic Strength Index (DSI) in collegiate athletes. Nineteen male collegiate athletes performed the squat jump (SJ) and isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP), to determine peak force, on 2 separate days. Reliability was assessed by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), typical ...
Wu Amy P AP New York Center for Voice and Swallowing Disorders, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York, - - 2014
No accepted standard exists for the diagnosis of vocal fold paresis (VFP). Laryngeal specialists are surveyed to establish expert opinion on diagnostic methodology and criteria. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey. Questionnaires were distributed at laryngology conferences in fall 2013. Responses were collated anonymously and subjected to cross-tabulated data analysis. Fifty-eight responses ...
Rehbaum Hubertus H Department of Neurorehabilitation Engineering, University Medical Center Göttingen, Georg-August-University Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
The use of electromyography (EMG) for the control of upper-limb prostheses has received great interest in neurorehabilitation engineering since decades. Important advances have been performed in the development of machine learning algorithms for myocontrol. This paper describes a novel adaptive filter for EMG preprocessing to be applied as conditioning stage ...
Chen Xiaowu - - 2014
Lighting is a key factor in creating impressive artistic portraits. In this paper, we propose to analyse portrait lighting by learning templates of lighting styles. Inspired by the experience of artists, we first define several novel features which describe the local contrasts in various face regions. The most informative features ...
Nelken Israel I http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6645-107X Department of Neurobiology, the Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, and the Edmond and Lily Safra Center for Brain Sciences, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904, Israel, - - 2014
The auditory sense of humans transforms intrinsically senseless pressure waveforms into spectacularly rich perceptual phenomena: the music of Bach or the Beatles, the poetry of Li Bai or Omar Khayyam, or more prosaically the sense of the world filled with objects emitting sounds that is so important for those of ...
Lewis Cara L CL Department of Physical Therapy & Athletic Training, College of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences: Sargent College, Boston University, 635 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anterior acetabular labral tears and anterior hip pain may result from high anteriorly directed forces from the femur on the acetabulum. While providing more pushoff is known to decrease sagittal plane hip moments, it is unknown if this gait modification also decreases hip joint forces. The purpose of this study ...
Schmidt Daniel D MIT Media Lab and McGovern Institute, Departments of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and Biological Engineering, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The ability to perturb living systems is essential to understand how cells sense, integrate, and exchange information, to comprehend how pathologic changes in these processes relate to disease, and to provide insights into therapeutic points of intervention. Several molecular technologies based on natural photoreceptor systems have been pioneered that allow ...
Attarha Mouna M Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, E11 Seashore Hall, Iowa City, IA, 52242-1407, USA, - - 2014
This project examined whether previous visual history can bias perceptual dominance during onset rivalry. A predictive sequence of non-rivalrous stimuli preceded dichoptically presented rivalrous displays. One of the dichoptic images was the implied next step of the preceding sequence while the other was not. Observers reported their initial dominant percept. ...
Helmy Sameh S Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and ‡Materials Department, Materials Research Laboratory, University of California , Santa Barbara, California 93106, United - - 2014
The development of an easily synthesized, modular, and tunable organic photoswitch that responds to visible light has been a long-standing pursuit. Herein we provide a detailed account of the design and synthesis of a new class of photochromes based on furfural, termed donor-acceptor Stenhouse adducts (DASAs). A wide variety of ...
Crétual Armel A M2S Lab (Mouvement Sport Santé), University Rennes 2, ENS Rennes - UEB, Avenue Robert Schuman, Campus de Ker Lann, 35170 Bruz, France; MimeTIC Team, INRIA Rennes, Campus Universitaire de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
At first sight, shoulder mobility is frequently evaluated through mono-axial amplitude. Interestingly, for diagnosing shoulder hyperlaxity or frozen shoulder, external rotation of the arm whilst at the side (ER1) is commonly used. However, by definition, a mono-axial amplitude does not fully reflect shoulder global mobility. Our goal was to propose ...
Ahmadi Bani M M Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, - - 2014
Study design:A feasibility study on the effect of a new reciprocating orthosis on specific gait parameters for use by people with spinal cord injury.Objectives:The aim of this study was to design and develop a new medial linkage orthosis (MLO) mechanism incorporating a reciprocating motion and to determine its efficacy in ...
Hoffmayer Kurt S KS aDivision of Cardiology, Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin bDivision of Cardiology, Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, University of California, San Francisco, California, - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to highlight recent research findings in contact force-sensing radiofrequency ablation catheters. Contact force parameters evaluated during pulmonary vein isolation for treating atrial fibrillation correlated well with the presence of gaps in the wide area circumferential ablation lines at 3 months, decreased procedural times, and ...
Wang Zhijian Z College of Mechanical Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030024, PR - - 2014
In analyzing signals from a wind turbine gearbox this paper suggests a new signal processing procedure named as CMF-EEMD method which is formed by applying conventional EEMD to a new type of combined mode function (CMF). This CMF consists of a low frequency CMF, denoted as CL, and a high ...
Fino Peter C PC Department of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, - - 2014
Despite the prevalence of directional changes during every-day gait, relatively little is known about turning compared to straight gait. While the center of mass (COM) movement during straight gait is well characterized, the COM trajectory and the factors that influence it are less established for turning. This study investigated the ...
Rodrigues Pedro P Sports Research Laboratory, New Balance, Boston, - - 2014
Excessive pronation, because of its coupling with tibial internal rotation (TIR), has been implicated as a risk factor in the development of anterior knee pain (AKP). Traditionally this coupling has been expressed as a ratio between the eversion range of motion and the TIR range of motion (Ev/TIR) that occurs ...
Hong Qingshui - - 2014
A new self-powered broadband photodetector was fabricated by coating an n-silicon nanowire (n-Si NW) array with a layer of p-cupric oxide (CuO) nanoflakes through a new simple solution synthesis method. The p-n heterojunction shows excellent rectification characteristics in the dark and distinctive photovoltaic behavior under broadband light illumination. The photoresponse ...
Charbonnier Caecilia C Artanim Foundation, Medical Research Department, Geneva - - - 2014
Patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty are increasingly younger and have a higher demand concerning hip range of motion. To date, there is no clear consensus as to the amplitude of the "normal hip" in everyday life. It is also unknown if the physical examination is an accurate test for setting ...
Wu Jun - - 2014
The natural ground surface carries texture information that extends continuously from one's feet to the horizon, providing a rich depth resource for accurately locating an object resting on it. Here, we showed that the ground surface's role as a reference frame also aids in locating a target suspended in midair ...
Caroux Loïc L Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition et l'Apprentissage (CeRCA), UMR 7295 - University of Poitiers, University of Tours, CNRS, France INRIA Bordeaux Sud-Ouest, Talence, - - 2014
In many visual displays such as virtual environments, human tasks involve objects superimposed on both complex and moving backgrounds. However, most studies investigated the influence of background complexity or background motion in isolation. Two experiments were designed to investigate the joint influences of background complexity and lateral motion on a ...
Talukder S S Dairy Science Group, Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney, Camden, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that the specificity of infrared thermography (IRT) in detecting cows about to ovulate could be improved using different body parts that are less likely to be contaminated by fecal matter. In addition, the combined activity and rumination data captured by accelerometers were ...
Testa Marco M Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophtalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, University of Genova, Savona, - - 2014
The assessment of the individual ability of modulating and coordinating the right and left bite force is poorly investigated. The present study describes a methodology for the assessment of the bilateral control of the biting force and evaluates the test-retest reliability in a sample of 13 healthy subjects. By modulating ...
Feio M J MJ Instituto do Mar-CMA, Dept. of Life Sciences, Apartado 3046, 3001-401 Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Taxonomic and trait composition of invertebrate communities were investigated for 4 reference and 5 disturbed Mediterranean stream sites over a 18 y period, to test the hypotheses that: 1) human disturbance reduces the resilience of communities to extreme climatic events by affecting their functional structure; 2) and as a result, extreme ...
Claes Peter P Medical Image Computing, ESAT/PSI, Department of Electrical Engineering, KU Leuven, Medical Imaging Research Center, iMinds, Medical IT Department, UZ Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
The human external ears, or pinnae, have an intriguing shape and, like most parts of the human external body, bilateral symmetry is observed between left and right. It is a well-known part of our auditory sensory system and mediates the spatial localization of incoming sounds in 3D from monaural cues ...
Strauß Johannes J Institute for Animal Physiology, AG Integrative Sensory Physiology, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Gießen, - - 2014
Insect ears evolved many times independently. As a consequence, a striking diversity exists in the location, construction and behavioural implementation of ears. In this review, we first summarise what is known about the evolutionary origin of ears and the presumed precursor organs in the various insect groups. Thereafter, we focus ...
Gaglianese A A Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Surgical, Medical, Molecular Pathology and Critical Area, University of Pisa, Italy; Laboratory for Cognitive Brain Mapping, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Wakoshi, - - 2014
The main visual pathway that conveys motion information to the middle temporal complex (hMT+) originates from the primary visual cortex (V1), which, in turn, receives spatial and temporal features of the perceived stimuli from the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN). In addition, visual motion information reaches hMT+ directly from the thalamus, ...
Tahmasebi Razieh R Rehabilitation Faculty of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran (RBT, SB, MTK)Department of Health Professions, Manchester Metropolitan University, UK - - 2014
Flatfoot is one of the most common foot disorders, which not only influences the performance of the foot but also affects the alignments of the ankle, knee, and hip joints. The performance of the flat-arched individuals differs from that of normal individuals during walking. However, there is not enough information ...
Huang Tsun-Shun TS School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taiwan, - - 2014
Assessment of scapular dyskinesis (SD) is of clinical interest, as SD is believed to be related to shoulder pathology. However, no clinical assessment with sufficient reliability to identify SD and provide treatment strategies is available. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of the comprehensive SD classification ...
Barlier-Salsi A A Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), Rue du Morvan, CS 60027, F-54519 Vandoeuvre les Nancy Cedex, - - 2014
The European directive 2006/25/EC requires the employer to assess and, if necessary, measure the levels of exposure to optical radiation in the workplace. Array spectroradiometers can measure optical radiation from various types of sources; however poor stray light rejection affects their accuracy. A stray light correction matrix, using a tunable ...
Wang Cheng C 1Ferguson Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh 2Department of Spinal Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, 69 Chuanshan Road, Hengyang City, Hunan Province, 421001,China 3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh 4Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, 4401 Penn Ave., Pittsburgh, PA - - 2014
Study Design. Biomechanical cadaver studyObjective. To evaluate the relative effectiveness of Ponte osteotomies for spinal release in deformity correctionSummary of Background Data. Controversy exists as to the role of Ponte osteotomy in deformity correction surgery. Very little has been written about the biomechanical effects of Ponte osteotomy. Past biomechanical studies ...
Hewitt Sue S Health and Safety Laboratory, Harpur Hill, Buxton, Derbyshire, SK17 9JN, UK; - - 2014
For exposure to hand-transmitted vibration (HTV), personal protective equipment is sold in the form of anti-vibration (AV) gloves, but it remains unclear how much these gloves actually reduce vibration exposure or prevent the development of hand-arm vibration syndrome in the workplace. This commentary describes some of the issues that surround ...
Killan Edward C EC Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tone burst-evoked otoacoustic emission (TBOAE) components measured in response to a 1 kHz tone burst (TB1) are suppressed by the simultaneous presence of an additional tone burst (TB2). This "simultaneous suppression of TBOAEs" has been explained in terms of a mechanism based on local nonlinear interactions between the basilar membrane (BM) ...
Kennedy Katie C KC Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Washington State University, Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Pullman, - - 2014
Evaluate the effect of peritoneal lift location and tensile force on peritoneal volume. Complete randomized block design. Eleven fresh canine cadavers. Cadavers underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans after each treatment; 1) no lift, 2) umbilical lift with 15% body weight (BW) tension, 3) umbilical lift with 20% BW, 4) ...
Medina Leonel E LE Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Objective. Incorporating high-frequency components in transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) waveforms may make it possible to stimulate deeper nerve fibers since the impedance of tissue declines with increasing frequency. However, the mechanisms of high-frequency TES remain largely unexplored. We investigated the properties of TES with frequencies beyond those typically used in ...
Fransen Katrien K 1Department of Kinesiology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; 2Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
Although it is generally accepted that team confidence is beneficial for optimal team functioning and performance, little is known about the predictors of team confidence. The present study aims to shed light on the precursors of both high and low team confidence in two different sports. A distinction is made ...
Ala-Laurila Petri P Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 65, 00014 Helsinki, Finland; Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Vision in starlight relies on our ability to detect single absorbed photons. Indeed, the sensitivity of dark-adapted vision approaches limits set by the quantal nature of light. This sensitivity requires neural mechanisms that selectively transmit quantal responses and suppress noise. Such mechanisms face an inevitable tradeoff because signal and noise ...
Svirsky Mario A MA Dept. of Otolaryngology-HNS, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA; Center of Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
What is the best way to help humans adapt to a distorted sensory input? Interest in this question is more than academic. The answer may help facilitate auditory learning by people who became deaf after learning language and later received a cochlear implant (a neural prosthesis that restores hearing through ...
Fang Ming - - 2014
We demonstrate the repeated utilization of self-assembled colloidal spheres for rapid nanopattern generations. Highly ordered micro-/nanosphere arrays were interlinked and confined by a soft transparent polymer (polydimethylsiloxane, PDMS), which can be used as light-focusing elements/photomasks for area-selective exposures of photoresist in contact. Due to the stiffness of the colloidal spheres, ...
Hak Laura L , Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Objective: To investigate whether post-stroke participants can walk at different combinations of stride frequency and stride length and how these adaptations affect the backward and medio-lateral margins of stability. Setting: Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment (CAREN). Participants: Ten post-stroke individuals. Intervention: Six trials of 2 min walking on a treadmill at ...
Delhaye Benoit B Institute of Neuroscience (IoNS), Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Electronics and Applied Mathematics (ICTEAM), Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, - - 2014
Through highly precise perceptual and sensorimotor activities, the human tactile system continuously acquires information about the environment. Mechanical interactions between the skin at the point of contact and a touched surface serve as the source of this tactile information. Using a dedicated custom robotic platform, we imaged skin deformation at ...
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