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Rose Linda M LM a Department of Health Systems Engineering, Unit of Ergonomics, School of Technology and Health , KTH, The Royal Institute of Technology , Huddinge , - - 2014
Subjectively assessed endurance time (ET), resumption time (RT) and perceived discomfort, pain or fatigue (PD), and objectively measured maximum force-exerting capacity were investigated for varying loads and durations of a pushing task with two repeated trials. Beyond the main results quantifying how the load scenario affected ET, RT and PD, ...
Kuang Shenbing S State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany; Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Göttingen, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that short-term exposure to mirror-reversed visual feedback suppresses rapid online control (ROC) of arm movements in response to a sudden target displacement. Here we tested if the reduced ROC under reversed vision can be observed for natural reaches without target perturbations, i.e. without corrective movements that ...
Cai Peng P Department of Psychology and Key Laboratory of Machine Perception (Ministry of Education), Peking University, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
The functional properties of motion selective areas in human visual cortex, including V3A, MT+, and intraparietal sulcus (IPS) are not fully understood. To examine the functional specialization of these areas for global and local motion processing, we used off-line, neuronavigated, continuous theta burst (cTBS) transcranial magnetic stimulation to temporarily alter ...
Booth David T DT School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia - - 2014
Hatchling sea turtles emerge from nests, crawl down the beach and enter the sea where they typically enter a stereotypical hyperactive swimming frenzy. During this swim the front flippers are moved up and down in a flapping motion and are the primary source of thrust production. I used high-speed video ...
Figueiredo Pedro P Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport of the Faculty of Sport of the University of Porto , Porto, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to conduct a kinematical analysis during swimming at the intensity corresponding to maximal lactate steady state (MLSS). Thirteen long distance swimmers performed, in different days, an intermittent incremental protocol of n x 200 m until exhaustion and two to four 30-min submaximal constant speed ...
Mulsow Jason J National Marine Mammal Foundation, 2240 Shelter Island Drive, #200, San Diego, California - - 2014
Suction cup transducers, also known as "jawphones," are now commonly used to deliver acoustic stimuli to odontocete cetaceans during hearing studies. It is often assumed that stimulation is primarily limited to the ear ipsilateral to a jawphone; however, the actual differences in auditory stimulation at the two ears are not ...
Churchill Tyler H TH Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin - - 2014
Most contemporary cochlear implant (CI) processing strategies discard acoustic temporal fine structure (TFS) information, and this may contribute to the observed deficits in bilateral CI listeners' ability to localize sounds when compared to normal hearing listeners. Additionally, for best speech envelope representation, most contemporary speech processing strategies use high-rate carriers ...
Neitzel Richard L RL Department of Environmental Health Sciences and Risk Science Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
This study was conducted to evaluate noise exposures and the contributions of occupational and nonoccupational activities among three groups of Swedish workers (office workers, day care workers, and military flight technicians), and to evaluate risk factors for elevated hearing threshold levels. Forty-five subjects were recruited across the three groups. Each ...
Staffa Paola - - 2014
A potential consequence of exposure to noise is a temporary reduction in auditory sensitivity known as temporary threshold shift (TTS), which mainly depends on the intensity and duration of exposure to the noise. Recovery time is related to the amount of initial hearing loss, and the most recovery takes place ...
Patel Dipal B DB School of Solar Energy, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Raisan, Gandhinagar-382007, India. - - 2014
In this paper, we have carefully investigated the operation of a photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell configured of PbOx|Fe(CN)6(-4/-3)|Pt in the accumulation, flat band, depletion, inversion and deep-depletion regions using impedance measurements. The increases in the photocurrent for the different regions differ in their nature: a logarithmic increase in the depletion region, ...
Mackersie Carol L CL School of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences and Joint SDSU/UCSD AuD Program, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of hearing loss and noise on (1) two autonomic nervous system measures associated with stress (skin conductance and heart rate variability) and on (2) subjective ratings of workload/stress. The authors hypothesized that hearing loss would increase psychophysiological and subjective reactivity ...
Narishige Seira S Laboratory of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8480, - - 2014
Caffeine (CAF) is one of the most commonly used psychoactive substances. Circadian rhythms consist of the main suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) clocks and peripheral clocks. Although CAF lengthens the circadian rhythms and modifies phase changes in SCN-operated rhythms, it is unknown whether CAF modifies the phase, period, and amplitude of peripheral ...
van den Boer Janet H W JH Wageningen University, PO Box 8129, NL-6700 EV, Wageningen, The - - 2014
Observational research has indicated that modeling of eating style might occur when eating in the presence of an eating companion. This experiment investigated the effect of bite frequency of a same-sex eating companion on bite frequency, meal size and meal duration. A total of 30 normal weight young adults (m/f=8/22, ...
Volkening Katharina K Graduate School of Systemic Neurosciences, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Großhaderner Str. 2, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, Germany; Schoen Klinik Bad Aibling, Kolbermoorerstr. 72, 83043 Bad Aibling, Germany; German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders (DSGZ), Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377 Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The human brain constructs verticality perception by integrating vestibular, somatosensory, and visual information. Here we investigated whether galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) has an effect on verticality perception both during and after application, by assessing the subjective verticals (visual, haptic & postural) in healthy subjects at those times. During stimulation the ...
Kiani Ghazaleh G Human Vision and Eye Movement Laboratory, Departments of Medicine (Neurology) and Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
Perceptual after-effects decay over time at a rate that depends on several factors, such as the duration of adaptation and the duration of the test stimuli. Whether this decay is accelerated by exposure to other faces after adaptation is not known. Our goal was to determine if the appearance of ...
Kawabata Y Y Institute for East China Sea Research, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, 851-2213, - - 2014
Laboratory behavioural observation and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis were conducted to examine whether the movement of the elongated dorsal and pelvic spines changed the hydrodynamic drag in white-streaked grouper Epinephelus ongus larvae. The behavioural observation in the tank revealed that the larvae extended the dorsal and pelvic spines during ...
Hall Michelle M Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Knee osteoarthritis is common following arthroscopic partial meniscectomy and a higher external peak knee adduction moment is believed to be a contributor. The peak knee adduction moment has been shown to increase over 2years (from 3-months post-arthroscopic partial meniscectomy). The aim of this study was to evaluate mechanisms underpinning the ...
Al-Fori Marwan M a Department of Marine Science and Fisheries, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences , Sultan Qaboos University , PO Box 17, Postal Code - 123, Al Khoud, Muscat , Sultanate of - - 2014
In laboratory experiments, the antifouling (AF) properties of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorod coatings were investigated using the marine bacterium Acinetobacter sp. AZ4C, larvae of the bryozoan Bugula neritina and the microalga Tetraselmis sp. ZnO nanorod coatings were fabricated on microscope glass substrata by a simple hydrothermal technique using two different ...
LaCon Genevieve G Department of Environmental Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of - - 2014
Empiric evidence shows that Aedes aegypti abundance is spatially heterogeneous and that some areas and larval habitats produce more mosquitoes than others. There is a knowledge gap, however, with regards to the temporal persistence of such Ae. aegypti abundance hotspots. In this study, we used a longitudinal entomologic dataset from ...
Faria A M AM Eco-Ethology Research Unit, ISPA - Instituto Universitário, R. Jardim do Tabaco 34, 1149-041, Lisboa, - - 2014
Swimming abilities of wild-caught sand-smelt Atherina presbyter larvae were assessed as critical swimming speed (Ucrit ) throughout ontogeny. The mean Ucrit increased with size, ranging from 3·6 to 18·7 cm s(-1) , over the size range of 6·6-21·0 mm LT . This indicates that at hatching A. presbyter larvae, far from being passive ...
Hiscox Alexandra - - 2014
Monitoring of malaria vector populations provides information about disease transmission risk, as well as measures of the effectiveness of vector control. The Suna trap is introduced and evaluated with regard to its potential as a new, standardized, odour-baited tool for mosquito monitoring and control. Dual-choice experiments with female Anopheles gambiae ...
Dhimal Meghnath M Nepal Health Research Council (NHRC), Ministry of Health and Population Complex, Kathmandu, Nepal; Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences (IAU), Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, - - 2014
Rapidly increasing temperatures in the mountain region of Nepal and recent reports of dengue fever and lymphatic filariasis cases from mountainous areas of central Nepal prompted us to study the spatio-temporal distribution of the vectors of these two diseases along an altitudinal transect in central Nepal. We conducted a longitudinal ...
Müller Günter C GC Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, IMRIC, Kuvin Center for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91120 Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, 27 CDC traps were modified with various attractive features and compared with a CDC trap with no light source or baits to evaluate the effects on attraction to Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) north of the Dead Sea near Jericho. Attractive features included CO2, lights, colored trap bodies, heat, ...
Li Qiang Q Translational Medical Center for Development and Disease, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Birth Defect, Institute of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, 399 Wanyuan Road, Shanghai, 201102, China, - - 2014
Yohimbine demonstrated both anxiogenic and anxiolytic properties under different conditions in rodents. Few studies were conducted on zebrafish, a newly emerged vertebrate model organism. Zebrafish larvae are particularly suitable for high-throughput screening of drug effects. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of yohimbine on the anxiety-related ...
McDonald J I JI a Western Australian Department of Fisheries , WA Fisheries and Marine Research Laboratories , Perth , - - 2014
Underwater noise is increasing globally, largely due to increased vessel numbers and international ocean trade. Vessels are also a major vector for translocation of non-indigenous marine species which can have serious implications for biosecurity. The possibility that underwater noise from fishing vessels may promote settlement of biofouling on hulls was ...
Frolov Roman R University of Oulu - - 2014
Although dependence of invertebrate photoreceptor biophysical properties on visual ecology has already been investigated in some cases, developmental aspects have largely been ignored due to the general research emphasis on holometabolous insects. Here, using the patch-clamp method, we examined changes in biophysical properties and performance of photoreceptors in the common ...
Randel Nadine N Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology , Tübingen , - - 2014
Animals use spatial differences in environmental light levels for visual navigation; however, how light inputs are translated into coordinated motor outputs remains poorly understood. Here we reconstruct the neuronal connectome of a four-eye visual circuit in the larva of the annelid Platynereis using serial-section transmission electron microscopy. In this 71-neuron ...
Peters Ian Marius - - 2014
Fundamental limits for path lengths of light in isotropic absorbers are calculated. The method of calculation is based on accounting for occupied states in optical phase space. Light trapping techniques, such as scattering or diffraction, are represented by the way how the available states are occupied. One finding of the ...
Ose Gregory A GA Department of Entomology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska; Center for Animal Care Sciences, Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Washington, District of - - 2014
Although this study was originally designed to compare the efficacy of two different stable fly traps within 10 sites at a 12-ha zoological park, seasonal and spatial population distribution data were simultaneously collected. The two traps included an Alsynite fiberglass cylindrical trap (AFT) and a blue-black cloth target modified into ...
El Jundi Basil B Lund University, - - 2014
To escape competition at the dung pile, a ball-rolling dung beetle forms a piece of dung into a ball and rolls it away. To ensure an their efficient escape from the dung pile, the beetles rely on a celestial compass to move along a straight paths. Here, we analyzed the ...
Burrows Malcolm M University of Cambridge, United - - 2014
Rapid locomotion in the aquatic larvae and pupae of the phantom midge Chaoborus was analysed. A 10 mm long larva moved sporadically by rapidly curling into a tight circle and then unfurling. The most common movement (70% of all movements) was a body rotation of 332 ± 22 degrees that ...
Liu Jiangqu J State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, P. R. China; University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100039, P. R. - - 2014
Drosophila larvae innately show light-avoidance behavior. Compared with robust blue-light avoidance, larvae exhibit relatively weaker green-light responses. In our previous screening for genes involved in larval light-avoidance, compared with control w(1118) larvae, larvae with γ-glutamyl transpeptidase 1 (Ggt-1) knockdown or Ggt-1 mutation were found to exhibit higher percentage of green-light ...
Carrieri Marco M Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Agriculture and Environment Center "G. Nicoli," Via Argini Nord 3351, 40014 Crevalcore (BO), - - 2014
The impact of weather variables on Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) population dynamics in the Po Valley, Northern Italy, a densely populated region containing the largest industrial and agricultural areas in Italy, was investigated. Monitoring of mosquitoes was carried out by using CO2-baited traps without light, collecting data weekly from ...
Boda Pál P Department of Tisza River Research, MTA Centre for Ecological Research, Bem tér 18/c, Debrecen, 4026, Hungary, - - 2014
Based on an earlier observation in the field, we hypothesized that light intensity and horizontally polarized reflected light may strongly influence the flight behaviour of night-active aquatic insects. We assumed that phototaxis and polarotaxis together have a more harmful effect on the dispersal flight of these insects than they would ...
Restrepo-Pérez Laura L Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, Helmholtzstraße 20, 01069 Dresden, - - 2014
We demonstrate that catalytic micromotors can be trapped in microfluidic chips containing chevron and heart-shaped structures. Despite the challenge presented by the reduced size of the traps, microfluidic chips with different trapping geometries can be fabricated via replica moulding. We prove that these microfluidic chips can capture micromotors without the ...
Nagy Stanislav S Department of Physics, James Franck Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago IL - - 2014
The nematode Caenorhabditis (C.) elegans, a long time work horse for behavioral genetic studies of locomotion, has recently been studied for quiescent behavior. Methods previously established for the study of C. elegans locomotion are not well-suited for the study of quiescent behavior. We describe in detail two computer vision approaches ...
Schuster Christian S - - 2014
We propose a new figure of merit to assess the performance of light trapping nanostructures for solar cells, which we call the light trapping efficiency (LTE). The LTE has a target value of unity to represent the performance of an ideal Lambertian scatterer, although this is not an absolute limit ...
Page P C PC Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
The efficacy of untreated and alphacypermethrin-treated high density polyethylene (HDPE) mesh against Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) was determined using Onderstepoort downdraught black light traps and a contact bioassay. Three traps were operated overnight in four replicates of a 3×3 randomised Latin square design near horses under South African field ...
Srijayat T C - - 2014
The trilobite larvae of C. rotundicauda were tested to determine their colour preference and light sensitivity until their first moulting (25 days post hatching) under laboratory conditions. Maximum congregation size of the trilobite larvae was found in the white zone respectively where (n = 12) followed by yellow (n = ...
Kim Heung-Chul - - 2014
The 1st confirmed record of Culiseta nipponica for the Republic of Korea was made at Osan Air Base and Tongilchon, Gyeonggi Province, and at the Incheon International Airport, Incheon metropolitan area, using carbon dioxide-baited light and Mosquito Magnet traps. Larval surveys near adult collection sites during June and August 2013 ...
McMeniman Conor J CJ Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Behavior, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, - - 2014
Multiple sensory cues emanating from humans are thought to guide blood-feeding female mosquitoes to a host. To determine the relative contribution of carbon dioxide (CO2) detection to mosquito host-seeking behavior, we mutated the AaegGr3 gene, a subunit of the heteromeric CO2 receptor in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Gr3 mutants lack electrophysiological ...
Bell Aaron J AJ TRoutreach Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan Wildlife Federation, 9 Lancaster Rd., Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7J - - 2014
Captures of insects in pitfall traps are affected by features of trap design that may confound the interpretation of data. One such feature is a lid suspended over the opening of the trap to exclude debris and rainwater. In this study, we tested whether use of these lids affected captures ...
Bland Kevin K Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0006, - - 2014
One of the biggest challenges that predators, such as the larvae of the diving beetle Thermonectus marmoratus (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae), are faced with is to accurately assess the distance of their prey. Most animals derive distance information from disparities of images that are viewed from different angles, from information that is ...
Perez-Mendoza Joel - - 2014
Traps baited with pheromones are used to monitor the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera-Tenebrionidae), populations in flour mills to aid in making pest management decisions, but the factors that influence T. castaneum movement are not fully understood. We investigated the impact of photoperiod, light intensity, temperature, and relative ...
Gleason Jennifer E JE Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, N1G - - 2014
In larval damselflies, the self-amputation (autotomy) of the caudal lamellae permits escape from predatory larval dragonflies. Lamellar joint size declines among populations with increasing risk of dragonfly predation, but the breaking force required for autotomy and the biomechanical factors that influence breaking force are unknown. If autotomy enhances survival in ...
Clemente Z Z Laboratório de Ecotoxicologia e Biossegurança, Embrapa CNPMA, Jaguariúna, SP, Brazil; Programa de Pós-graduação em Biologia Funcional e Molecular, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The popularity of TiO2 nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) lies in their wide range of nanotechnological applications, together with low toxicity. Meanwhile, recent studies have shown that the photocatalytic properties of this material can result in alterations in their behavior in the environment, causing effects that have not yet been fully elucidated. The ...
Mueller Kaspar P KP University of Zurich, Institute of Molecular Life Sciences, Neuroscience Center Zurich and Center for Integrative Human Physiology, Zurich, - - 2014
Many animals change their body pigmentation according to illumination of their environment. In aquatic vertebrates, this reaction is mediated through aggregation or dispersion of melanin-filled vesicles (melanosomes) in dermal pigment cells (melanophores). The adaptive value of this behavior is usually seen in camouflage by allowing the animal to visually blend ...
Luo Lin-Bao LB 1] School of Electronic Science and Applied Physics, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, Anhui 230009, P. R. China [2] Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, Anhui 230009, P. R. - - 2014
Heterojunctions near infrared (NIR) photodetectors have attracted increasing research interests for their wide-ranging applications in many areas such as military surveillance, target detection, and light vision. A high-performance NIR light photodetector was fabricated by coating the methyl-group terminated Si nanowire array with plasmonic gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) decorated graphene film. Theoretical ...
Berenshtein Igal I Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Eilat Campus, Beer-Sheva, Israel ; The Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences of Eilat, Eilat, - - 2014
Recent studies of the larvae of coral-reef fishes reveal that these tiny vertebrates possess remarkable swimming capabilities, as well as the ability to orient to olfactory, auditory, and visual cues. While navigation according to reef-generated chemicals and sounds can significantly affect dispersal, the effect is limited to the vicinity of ...
Silberbush Alon A Center for Biological Control (CBC), Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, - - 2014
Individuals of different sex, size or developmental stage can compete differently and hence contribute distinctively to population dynamics. In species with complex life cycles such as insects, competitive ability is often positively correlated with larval developmental stage. Yet, little is known on how the development and survival of early-instars is ...
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