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Ose Gregory A GA Department of Entomology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska; Center for Animal Care Sciences, Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Washington, District of - - 2014
Although this study was originally designed to compare the efficacy of two different stable fly traps within 10 sites at a 12-ha zoological park, seasonal and spatial population distribution data were simultaneously collected. The two traps included an Alsynite fiberglass cylindrical trap (AFT) and a blue-black cloth target modified into ...
El Jundi Basil B Lund University, - - 2014
To escape competition at the dung pile, a ball-rolling dung beetle forms a piece of dung into a ball and rolls it away. To ensure an their efficient escape from the dung pile, the beetles rely on a celestial compass to move along a straight paths. Here, we analyzed the ...
Burrows Malcolm M University of Cambridge, United - - 2014
Rapid locomotion in the aquatic larvae and pupae of the phantom midge Chaoborus was analysed. A 10 mm long larva moved sporadically by rapidly curling into a tight circle and then unfurling. The most common movement (70% of all movements) was a body rotation of 332 ± 22 degrees that ...
Liu Jiangqu J State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, P. R. China; University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100039, P. R. - - 2014
Drosophila larvae innately show light-avoidance behavior. Compared with robust blue-light avoidance, larvae exhibit relatively weaker green-light responses. In our previous screening for genes involved in larval light-avoidance, compared with control w(1118) larvae, larvae with γ-glutamyl transpeptidase 1 (Ggt-1) knockdown or Ggt-1 mutation were found to exhibit higher percentage of green-light ...
Boda Pál P Department of Tisza River Research, MTA Centre for Ecological Research, Bem tér 18/c, Debrecen, 4026, Hungary, - - 2014
Based on an earlier observation in the field, we hypothesized that light intensity and horizontally polarized reflected light may strongly influence the flight behaviour of night-active aquatic insects. We assumed that phototaxis and polarotaxis together have a more harmful effect on the dispersal flight of these insects than they would ...
Restrepo-Pérez Laura L Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, Helmholtzstraße 20, 01069 Dresden, - - 2014
We demonstrate that catalytic micromotors can be trapped in microfluidic chips containing chevron and heart-shaped structures. Despite the challenge presented by the reduced size of the traps, microfluidic chips with different trapping geometries can be fabricated via replica moulding. We prove that these microfluidic chips can capture micromotors without the ...
Nagy Stanislav S Department of Physics, James Franck Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago IL - - 2014
The nematode Caenorhabditis (C.) elegans, a long time work horse for behavioral genetic studies of locomotion, has recently been studied for quiescent behavior. Methods previously established for the study of C. elegans locomotion are not well-suited for the study of quiescent behavior. We describe in detail two computer vision approaches ...
Page P C PC Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
The efficacy of untreated and alphacypermethrin-treated high density polyethylene (HDPE) mesh against Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) was determined using Onderstepoort downdraught black light traps and a contact bioassay. Three traps were operated overnight in four replicates of a 3×3 randomised Latin square design near horses under South African field ...
Srijayat T C - - 2014
The trilobite larvae of C. rotundicauda were tested to determine their colour preference and light sensitivity until their first moulting (25 days post hatching) under laboratory conditions. Maximum congregation size of the trilobite larvae was found in the white zone respectively where (n = 12) followed by yellow (n = ...
McMeniman Conor J CJ Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Behavior, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, - - 2014
Multiple sensory cues emanating from humans are thought to guide blood-feeding female mosquitoes to a host. To determine the relative contribution of carbon dioxide (CO2) detection to mosquito host-seeking behavior, we mutated the AaegGr3 gene, a subunit of the heteromeric CO2 receptor in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Gr3 mutants lack electrophysiological ...
Bell Aaron J AJ TRoutreach Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan Wildlife Federation, 9 Lancaster Rd., Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7J - - 2014
Captures of insects in pitfall traps are affected by features of trap design that may confound the interpretation of data. One such feature is a lid suspended over the opening of the trap to exclude debris and rainwater. In this study, we tested whether use of these lids affected captures ...
Bland Kevin K Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0006, - - 2014
One of the biggest challenges that predators, such as the larvae of the diving beetle Thermonectus marmoratus (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae), are faced with is to accurately assess the distance of their prey. Most animals derive distance information from disparities of images that are viewed from different angles, from information that is ...
Perez-Mendoza Joel - - 2014
Traps baited with pheromones are used to monitor the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera-Tenebrionidae), populations in flour mills to aid in making pest management decisions, but the factors that influence T. castaneum movement are not fully understood. We investigated the impact of photoperiod, light intensity, temperature, and relative ...
Gleason Jennifer E JE Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, N1G - - 2014
In larval damselflies, the self-amputation (autotomy) of the caudal lamellae permits escape from predatory larval dragonflies. Lamellar joint size declines among populations with increasing risk of dragonfly predation, but the breaking force required for autotomy and the biomechanical factors that influence breaking force are unknown. If autotomy enhances survival in ...
Clemente Z Z Laboratório de Ecotoxicologia e Biossegurança, Embrapa CNPMA, Jaguariúna, SP, Brazil; Programa de Pós-graduação em Biologia Funcional e Molecular, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The popularity of TiO2 nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) lies in their wide range of nanotechnological applications, together with low toxicity. Meanwhile, recent studies have shown that the photocatalytic properties of this material can result in alterations in their behavior in the environment, causing effects that have not yet been fully elucidated. The ...
Mueller Kaspar P KP University of Zurich, Institute of Molecular Life Sciences, Neuroscience Center Zurich and Center for Integrative Human Physiology, Zurich, - - 2014
Many animals change their body pigmentation according to illumination of their environment. In aquatic vertebrates, this reaction is mediated through aggregation or dispersion of melanin-filled vesicles (melanosomes) in dermal pigment cells (melanophores). The adaptive value of this behavior is usually seen in camouflage by allowing the animal to visually blend ...
Luo Lin-Bao LB 1] School of Electronic Science and Applied Physics, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, Anhui 230009, P. R. China [2] Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and Devices, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, Anhui 230009, P. R. - - 2014
Heterojunctions near infrared (NIR) photodetectors have attracted increasing research interests for their wide-ranging applications in many areas such as military surveillance, target detection, and light vision. A high-performance NIR light photodetector was fabricated by coating the methyl-group terminated Si nanowire array with plasmonic gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) decorated graphene film. Theoretical ...
Berenshtein Igal I Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Eilat Campus, Beer-Sheva, Israel ; The Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences of Eilat, Eilat, - - 2014
Recent studies of the larvae of coral-reef fishes reveal that these tiny vertebrates possess remarkable swimming capabilities, as well as the ability to orient to olfactory, auditory, and visual cues. While navigation according to reef-generated chemicals and sounds can significantly affect dispersal, the effect is limited to the vicinity of ...
Silberbush Alon A Center for Biological Control (CBC), Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, - - 2014
Individuals of different sex, size or developmental stage can compete differently and hence contribute distinctively to population dynamics. In species with complex life cycles such as insects, competitive ability is often positively correlated with larval developmental stage. Yet, little is known on how the development and survival of early-instars is ...
Gomez-Marin Alex A EMBL/CRG Research Unit in Systems Biology, Centre de Regulació Genòmica, Universitat Pombeu Fabra Barcelona, Spain ; Champalimaud Neuroscience Programme, Champalimaud Center for the Unknown Lisbon, - - 2014
Chemotaxis is a powerful paradigm to study how orientation behavior is driven by sensory stimulation. Drosophila larvae navigate odor gradients by controlling the duration of their runs and the direction of their turns. Straight runs and wide-amplitude turns represent two extremes of a behavioral continuum. Here we establish that, on ...
Ekanayake Panchali K PK Department of Entomology, University of California at Riverside, 3401 Watkins Drive, Riverside, CA 92512-0001, - - 2014
ABSTRACT A circular perimeter barrier of CO,-baited Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suction traps (without the light) was placed at a hilltop location in southern California known for high "canyon fly" activity, to determine whether a transiently operated barrier trapping system using attractive traps would reduce the number ...
Leisnham Paul T PT Department of Environmental Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
Understanding mechanisms fostering coexistence between invasive and resident species is important in predicting ecological, economic, or health impacts of invasive species. The non-native mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus have been resident in the southeastern United States for over a century. They coexist at some urban sites with the more ...
Duval Michèle G MG Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Functional vision restoration is within reach via stem cell therapy, but one of the largest obstacles is the derivation of colour-sensitive cone photoreceptors that are required for high-acuity daytime vision. To enhance progress made using nocturnal murine models, we instead utilize cone-rich zebrafish and herein investigate relationships between gdf6a and ...
Teh Cathleen C Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 61 Biopolis Drive, Proteos, Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
Optogenetic methods are gaining broad recognition. The zebrafish is particularly useful for these applications as a model vertebrate due to a unique combination of translucent embryos/larvae and efficient transgenesis. Here, we describe a zebrafish model of light-induced cardiac deficiency. Upon illumination with intense green light, the membrane-tethered photosensitizer protein KillerRed ...
Villamizar Natalia N 1 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia , Murcia, Spain - - 2013
Abstract In the underwater environment, the properties of light (intensity and spectrum) change rapidly with depth and water quality. In this article, we have described how and to what extent lighting conditions can influence the development, growth, and survival of zebrafish. Fertilized eggs and the corresponding larvae were exposed to ...
Zhu Kunyan K Physics Department, The Pennsylvania State University, 104 Davey Laboratory, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, - - 2013
We have measured the vector light shift due to a cavity built-up optical lattice by using a variation of the Hanle effect with trapped Cs atoms, where the time-evolving population of all magnetic sublevels is measured in situ. The measurement is linearly sensitive to the electric field of the nonlinearly polarized ...
Sá Ivy Luizi Rodrigues de - - 2013
In several countries, surveillance of insect vectors is accomplished with automatic traps. This study addressed the performance of Mosquito Magnet® Independence (MMI) in comparison with those of CDC with CO2 and lactic acid (CDC-A) and CDC light trap (CDC-LT). The collection sites were in a rural region located in a ...
Kirstein Oscar D - - 2013
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) known as Kala-Azar is a serious systemic disease caused by Leishmania donovani parasites (Trypanosomatidae: Kinetoplastida). The disease is prevalent in the Indian Sub-continent, East Africa and Brazil. In Africa, the worst affected regions are in Sudan, with an estimated 15,000-20,000 cases annually and Ethiopia with 5,000-7,000 cases ...
Yang Zhenhai - - 2013
An ultrathin amorphous silicon solar cell with conformal zig-zag nanoconfiguration is studied from both light-trapping and light-conversion perspectives. The design improves the front antireflection property, optimizes the rear metallic reflector, and elongates the optical path inside the photoactive layer. Compared to conventional nanoconfigurations, this system shows significant absorption enhancement in ...
Signorini M M Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health, University of Padova, Legnaro (PD), Italy. - - 2013
Three standard methods for collecting sand flies (sticky trap, CDC light trap, and CO2 trap) were compared in a field study conducted from June to October, 2012, at a site located in the center of a newly established autochthonous focus of canine leishmaniasis in northeastern Italy. Six traps (two sticky ...
Yoshikawa Naoki - - 2013
Barfin flounder larvae exhibit unique black coloration, as well as left-right asymmetry in juvenile stage as in other flatfish. In this study, we first assessed the changes in melanophores with development and then investigated their responsiveness to melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) during metamorphosis. Larval-type melanophores appeared on both sides of the ...
Yamanaka Naoki N Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2013
Animal development is coupled with innate behaviors that maximize chances of survival. Here, we show that the prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH), a neuropeptide that controls the developmental transition from juvenile stage to sexual maturation, also regulates light avoidance in Drosophila melanogaster larvae. PTTH, through its receptor Torso, acts on two light ...
O'Neale Ashley - - 2013
Learning about a moving visual stimulus was examined in zebrafish larvae using an automated imaging system and a t1-t2 design. In three experiments, zebrafish larvae were exposed to one of two inputs at t1 (either a gray bouncing disk or an identical but stationary disk) followed by a common test ...
Gama Renata Antonaci - - 2013
Although the human-landing catch (HLC) method is the most effective for collecting anthropophilic anophelines, it has been increasingly abandoned, primarily for ethical considerations. The objective of the present study was to develop a new trap for the collection of Anopheles darlingi . The initial trials were conducted using the BG-Sentinel ...
Onyango Shirley A SA Department of Zoological Sciences, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844, Nairobi 00100, - - 2013
Long-term success of ongoing malaria control efforts based on mosquito bed nets (long-lasting insecticidal net) and indoor residual spraying is dependent on continuous monitoring of mosquito vectors, and thus on effective mosquito sampling tools. The objective of our study was to identify the most efficient mosquito sampling tool(s) for routine ...
Tormos José - - 2013
Aganaspis daci and Aganaspis pelleranoi (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) are important parasitoids of fruit flies. Here we studied, with light and scanning electron microscopy, aspects of their morphology that could help with plans to mass rear and thus contribute to improved pest control (preimaginal phases) and to shed light on parasitoid-pest relationships ...
Driben R - - 2013
We demonstrate that the fission of higher-order N-solitons with a subsequent ejection of fundamental quasi-solitons creates cavities formed by a pair of solitary waves with dispersive light trapped between them. As a result of multiple reflections of the trapped light from the bounding solitons which act as mirrors, they bend ...
Wilcox Sean C - - 2013
Whole-animal performance (e.g., swimming speed, bite force) functions as a fundamental link between organism and environment and, as such, performance characteristics are important in determining the outcomes of agonistic interactions, both interspecific and intraspecific. Cannibalism is an intraspecific agonistic interaction for which winners may be expected to exhibit superior performance ...
Liu Qiyong - - 2013
In 2009, residents of Lhasa city, Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), China reported large numbers of mosquitoes and bites from these insects. It is unclear whether this was a new phenomenon, which species were involved, and whether these mosquitoes had established themselves in the local circumstances. The present study was undertaken ...
Massebo Fekadu - - 2013
We collected anophelines every second week for one year from randomly selected houses in southwestern Ethiopia by using Centers for Disease Control (CDC) light traps, pyrethrum spray catches, and artificial pit shelter constructions to detect circumsporozoite proteins and estimate entomologic inoculation rates (EIRs). Of 3,678 Anopheles arabiensis tested for circumsporozoite ...
Stone C M - - 2013
Understanding the mating competitiveness of male mosquitoes in field settings is essential to programs relying on the mass release of modified male mosquitoes, yet studies on male ecology have been hampered by the lack of a convenient trapping method. An existing promising method makes use of the innate attraction of ...
Obenauer P J - - 2013
Malaria infection is a serious public health problem throughout Liberia, but vector surveillance is limited or nonexistent in remote regions of the country. To better understand the spatial and temporal distribution of malaria vectors in Liberia and to support vector and malaria activities of the Liberian Ministry of Health, a ...
Baldwin Carole C - - 2013
Ichthyologists, natural-history artists, and tropical-fish aquarists have described, illustrated, or photographed colour patterns in adult marine fishes for centuries, but colour patterns in marine fish larvae have largely been neglected. Yet the pelagic larval stages of many marine fishes exhibit subtle to striking, ephemeral patterns of chromatophores that warrant investigation ...
Simovski Constantin - - 2013
We suggest a new type of efficient light-trapping structures for thin-film solar cells based on arrays of planar nanoantennas operating far from their plasmon resonances. The operation principle of our structures relies on the excitation of collective modes of the nanoantenna arrays whose electric field is localized between the adjacent ...
Moyano Miguel - - 2013
Acetylcholine is present in and released from starburst amacrine cells in the inner plexiform layer (IPL), but its role in retinal function except, perhaps, in early development, is unclear. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are thought to be present on ganglion, amacrine, and bipolar cell processes in the IPL, and it is ...
Vucko M J - - 2013
Polydimethylsiloxane surfaces textured with a square-wave linear grating profile (0, 20, 200, 300 and 600 μm), and embedded with a range of photocatalytic titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticle loadings (3.75, 7.5, 11.25 and 15 wt.%), were used to test the combined efficacy of these technologies as antifouling materials. Settlement of the fouling bryozoan ...
Najafian M - - 2013
Motion aftereffect (MAE) occurs after presenting a moving stimulus to fixed subjects, as an apparent MAE the subject moves in the opposite direction. This natural process provides an excellent tool to investigate visual motion perception. Zebrafish is an important animal model with an extensive molecular toolkit, but there is a ...
Sampson Julia A - - 2013
To investigate whether mechanoreception is used in non-visual feeding, the ontogeny of superficial neuromasts along the lateral line was described using the vital stain FM1-43FX and fluorescent microscopy. The number of neuromasts visible along one flank increased from 11 at first feeding (5 to 7 days post-hatch, dph) to >150 ...
Mukai Yukinori - - 2013
In general, African catfish shows higher survival rates in the dark conditions than in the light conditions. In this study, larval behavior of African catfish was observed under 0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 lx using a CCD camera to investigate the reason why African catfish larvae show higher ...
Lee Doo-Hyung - - 2013
We evaluated the effectiveness of three cyanoacrylate glues (trade names: Krazy [Elmer's Products Inc., Westerville, OH], Loctite [Henkel Corporation, Rocky Hill, CT], and FSA [Barnes Distribution, Cleveland, OH]) to attach harmonic radar tags securely on adult Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) and quantified the effect of the radar tag attachment ...
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