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Tomašových Adam A Slovak Academy of Sciences, Geological Institute, Dúbravská cesta 9, Bratislava 84005, Slovakia - - 2014
Invertebrate lineages tend to originate and become extinct at a higher rate in onshore than in offshore habitats over long temporal durations (more than 10 Myr), but it remains unclear whether this pattern scales down to durations of stages (less than 5 Myr) or even sequences (less than 0.5 Myr). ...
Shen Yong Y Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China. fuwenxin@iccas.ac.cn - - 2014
The stimuli-responsive polypeptides have drawn extensive attention because of their promising applications in biotechnology considering their biocompatibility, biodegradability, and bioactivity. In this tutorial review, we summarize the most recent progress in this area, including thermo-, redox-, photo-, and biomolecule responsive polypeptides over the past decade. The design and synthesis of ...
Nguyen Ba-Son - - 2014
Three kinds of graphene/polyimide specimen were prepared via transfer from graphene with thicknesses of 1, 2, and 3 nm, respectively. A self-designed bending tester was applied to carry out cyclic bending tests with various bending cycles and bending frequencies. The variations of electrical resistance of the specimens during the bending ...
Chalmers Peter N PN Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA - - 2014
Superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears are a common cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction in overhand throwers. Treatment outcomes remain unpredictable, with a large percentage of athletes unable to return to sport. There is considerable debate about the optimal treatment between debridement, repair, and tenodesis. Labral repair more closely restores ...
Spady Blake L BL College of Marine and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia - - 2014
Carbon dioxide (CO2) levels projected to occur in the oceans by the end of this century cause a range of behavioural effects in fish, but whether other highly active marine organisms, such as cephalopods, are similarly affected is unknown. We tested the effects of projected future CO2 levels (626 and ...
Kehoe E James EJ School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia j.kehoe@unsw.edu.au - - 2014
The present experiment tested whether or not the time course of a conditioned eyeblink response, particularly its duration, would expand and contract, as the magnitude of the conditioned response (CR) changed massively during acquisition, extinction, and reacquisition. The CR duration remained largely constant throughout the experiment, while CR onset and ...
Ruffini R R Department of Neuroscience & Imaging, University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the extreme environment of high altitude hypoxia on olfactory threshold. The study was conducted before, during, and after a scientific expedition to Mera Peak (5,800 m). The n-butanol test was used for the assessment of the magnitude of the olfactory ...
Govender Sendhil S Prince of Wales Clinical School and Neuroscience Research Australia, University of New South Wales, Randwick, Sydney, NSW, 2031, - - 2014
Postural reflexes were recorded in healthy subjects (n = 17) using brief axial accelerations and tap stimuli applied at the vertebra prominens (C7) and manubrium sterni. Short latency (SL) responses were recorded from the soleus, hamstrings and tibialis anterior muscles and expressed as a percentage of the background EMG prior to stimulus ...
Brock Elizabeth E a Department of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport Studies , The University of Tennessee , Knoxville , TN , - - 2014
Multiple playing surfaces and footwear used in American football warrant a better understanding of relationship between different combinations of turf and footwear. The purpose of this study was to examine effects of shoe and stud types on ground reaction force (GRF) and ankle and knee kinematics of a 180° cut ...
Krishnan Ananthanarayan A Department of Speech Language Hearing Sciences, Purdue University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate how nonspeech pitch contours of varying shape influence latency and amplitude of cortical pitch-specific response (CPR) components differentially as a function of language experience. Stimuli included time-varying, high rising Mandarin Tone 2 (T2) and linear rising ramp (Linear), and steady-state (Flat). Both ...
Tidoni Emmanuele E IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
Frequency-specific vibratory stimulation of peripheral tendons induces an illusion of limb movement that may be useful for restoring proprioceptive information in people with sensorimotor disability. This potential application may be limited by inter- and intra-subject variability in the susceptibility to such an illusion, which may depend on a variety of ...
Stowie Adam C AC Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, - - 2014
The disruptive effects of cocaine on physiological, behavioral and genetic processes are well established. However, few studies have focused on the actions of cocaine on the adult circadian timekeeping system, and none have explored the circadian implications of long-term (weeks to months) cocaine exposure. The present study was undertaken to ...
Russell Matthew Edward Brannon ME University of Kentucky, Kastle Hall Rm. 111E, Lexington, KY, 40506-0044, USA, - - 2014
Evidence indicates that activation of the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) suppresses physiological responses associated with motion sickness. Research also shows paced breathing increases PNS activation; the current study examines the use of paced diaphragmatic breathing (DB) training to quell motion sickness symptoms. Healthy participants (N = 60) were pre-screened for motion sickness ...
Zaman Jonas J Research Group on Health Psychology University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Box 3726, B-3000 Leuven, - - 2014
Claims have been made that breathing is in part controlled by feedforward regulation. In a classical conditioning paradigm, we investigated anticipatory increases in the inspiratory motor drive as measured by inspiratory occlusion pressure (P100). In an acquisition phase, an experimental group (N=13) received a low-intensity resistive load (5cmH2O/l/s) for three ...
Tillein J J Institute of AudioNeuroTechnology, & Dept. of Experimental Otology, ENT Clinics, Medical University Hannover, Germany; ENT Clinics, J.W.Goethe-University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; MedEl Comp., Innsbruck, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study investigates interactions of simultaneous electric and acoustic stimulation in single auditory nerve fibers in normal hearing cats. First, the auditory nerve was accessed with a microelectrode and response areas of single nerve fibers were determined for acoustic stimulation. Second, response thresholds to extracochlear sinusoidal electric stimulation using ...
Etzi Roberta R Department of Psychology, University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy; Crossmodal Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford University, Oxford, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report two experiments designed to investigate the nature of aesthetic preferences for tactile textures in humans. In Experiment 1, the participants rated their preference for a range of actively and passively explored textures presented on their hands and on their cheeks. The results revealed that those textures that were ...
Pévet P P UPR 3212, CNRS-university of Strasbourg, institute for cellular and integrative neurosciences, 5, rue Blaise-Pascal, 67084 Strasbourg, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Daily rhythms in physiological and behavioural processes are controlled by a network of circadian clocks. In mammals, at the top of the network is a master clock located in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of the hypothalamus. The nocturnal synthesis and release of melatonin by the pineal gland are tightly controlled ...
Amirian Ilda I The Department of Surgery, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev, - - 2014
Heart rate variability (HRV) has been used as a measure of stress and mental strain in surgeons. Low HRV has been associated with death and increased risk of cardiac events in the general population. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of a 17-hour night shift on ...
Eom Kyungsik K Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-744, Republic of - - 2014
An advanced optical stimulation of in vivo peripheral neural tissues based on pulsed infrared light and gold nanorods is demonstrated by M. Byun, S. B. Jun, S. J. Kim, and co-workers. The platform, described on page 3853, can provide a significant improvement in terms of a neural responsivity and a ...
Bamiou Doris-Eva DE University College London Ear Institute, London, UK; Neuro-Otology Department, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, - - 2014
Low-level radiofrequency (RF) signals may produce disorientation and nausea. In experiment I, we assessed mobile phone effects on graviception in nine symptomatic subjects after mobile telephone use and 21 controls. The mobile handset was strapped to each ear for 30 min in pulsed emission, continuous RF emission, or no emission test ...
Lombardo Lisa M - - 2014
Objective Explore whether electromyography (EMG) control of electrical stimulation for walking after incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) can affect ability to modulate speed and alters gait spatial-temporal parameters compared to cyclic repetition of pre-programmed stimulation. Design Single case study with subject acting as own concurrent control. Setting Hospital-based biomechanics laboratory. ...
Fadeyi Moshood O MO Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore, 1 Create Way, #11-01, Singapore, 138602; School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, N1-01a-29, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore, - - 2014
The impact of asthma, exposure period and filter condition downstream of the mixing box of air-conditioning system on building occupants' perceptual response, work performance and salivary α-amylase secretion during exposures to ozone and its initiated chemistry products is studied. The experiments were conducted in a Field Environmental Chamber "FEC" (240 ...
Lorach Henri H Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Institut de la Vision, Paris, 75012, France.. Electronic address: - - 2014
Loss of photoreceptors during retinal degeneration leads to blindness, but information can be reintroduced into the visual system using electrical stimulation of the remaining retinal neurons. Subretinal photovoltaic arrays convert pulsed illumination into pulsed electric current to stimulate the inner retinal neurons. Since required irradiance exceeds the natural luminance levels, ...
Zellner Debra A DA Department of Psychology, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ, 07043, USA, - - 2014
When hedonic contrast causes stimuli to become less good, it also reduces subjects' preferences between them (hedonic condensation). Here we investigated whether the reduction in preference is a by-product of hedonic contrast or can occur as a result of other manipulations that increase the negativity of the stimuli. Subjects smelled ...
Berry Meredith S MS Department of Psychology, Utah State University, 2810 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Renewal is a relapse phenomenon that occurs when the contextual stimuli present during extinction change, and consequently, an extinguished response increases in rate. Two experiments assessed extinction and renewal of key-pecking in pigeons in a two-component multiple schedule wherein baseline reinforcer rates were delivered at relatively rich or lean rates. ...
Cevik Ozlem O Chemical and Biological Engineering, Koc University, 34450 Sariyer, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report here a novel method for the synthesis of a pH responsive composite using visible light. Formation of the pH responsive layer is based on methacrylic acid grafted with poly(ethylene glycol) tethers P(MAA-g-EG) as macromer, eosin Y as photoinitiator, and triethanolamine (TEA) as co-initiator. The hydrogel was functionalized with ...
Doherty Cailbhe C School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evaluate the potentially adaptive movement patterns associated with acute lateral ankle sprain (LAS) using biomechanical analyzes. Thirty participants with acute LAS and nineteen controls performed a drop vertical jump (DVJ) task. 3D kinematic and sagittal plane kinetic profiles were plotted for the hip, knee and ankle joints of both limbs ...
Boudarham J J Groupement de Recherche Clinique et Technologique sur le Handicap (EA 4497), CIC-IT 805, CHU Raymond Poincaré, Garches, - - 2014
A dynamic-ankle-foot orthosis has recently emerged and consists of an elastic band allowing the variation of stiffness degree and adjusts dorsiflexion assistance in swing. The aim of this study was to quantify the biomechanical adaptations induced by this orthosis during gait in hemiplegic patients. Twelve hemiplegic patients performed two gait ...
Connick Mark J MJ School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have employed relatively short cycling protocols to investigate the effect of cycling on muscle activation and kinematics in running. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 3h of cycling on stride time variability (STV), stride length, tibialis anterior (TA) activation, and lower limb range ...
Dumont Marie M Chronobiology Laboratory, Center for Advanced Research in Sleep Medicine, Sacre-Coeur Hospital of Montreal , Montreal, Quebec , Canada - - 2014
Decreased melatonin production, due to nighttime exposure to light, has been proposed as one of the physiological mechanisms increasing cancer risk in night workers. However, few studies measured melatonin production in night workers, and most of these studies did not measure melatonin over 24 h. One study compared total melatonin production ...
Galie Peter - - 2014
The beating heart undergoes cyclic mechanical and electrical activity during systole and diastole. The interaction between mechanical stimulation and propagation of the depolarization wavefront is important for understanding not just normal sinus rhythm, but also mechanically-induced cardiac arrhythmia. The present study presents a new platform to study mechanoelectrical coupling in ...
Rose Linda M LM a Department of Health Systems Engineering, Unit of Ergonomics, School of Technology and Health , KTH, The Royal Institute of Technology , Huddinge , - - 2014
Subjectively assessed endurance time (ET), resumption time (RT) and perceived discomfort, pain or fatigue (PD), and objectively measured maximum force-exerting capacity were investigated for varying loads and durations of a pushing task with two repeated trials. Beyond the main results quantifying how the load scenario affected ET, RT and PD, ...
Kuang Shenbing S State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany; Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Göttingen, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that short-term exposure to mirror-reversed visual feedback suppresses rapid online control (ROC) of arm movements in response to a sudden target displacement. Here we tested if the reduced ROC under reversed vision can be observed for natural reaches without target perturbations, i.e. without corrective movements that ...
Cai Peng P Department of Psychology and Key Laboratory of Machine Perception (Ministry of Education), Peking University, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
The functional properties of motion selective areas in human visual cortex, including V3A, MT+, and intraparietal sulcus (IPS) are not fully understood. To examine the functional specialization of these areas for global and local motion processing, we used off-line, neuronavigated, continuous theta burst (cTBS) transcranial magnetic stimulation to temporarily alter ...
Someya Satoshi - - 2014
The present study focused on the rise time and decay times of mechanoluminescence (ML) during cyclic elastic deformation of SrAl<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub>:Eu<sup>2+</sup>. The time constants during compression and decompression, τup and τdown, respectively, did not change from the 2nd to the 5th cycle. Both τup and τdown were expressed by a linear ...
Figueiredo Pedro P Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport of the Faculty of Sport of the University of Porto , Porto, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to conduct a kinematical analysis during swimming at the intensity corresponding to maximal lactate steady state (MLSS). Thirteen long distance swimmers performed, in different days, an intermittent incremental protocol of n x 200 m until exhaustion and two to four 30-min submaximal constant speed ...
Mulsow Jason J National Marine Mammal Foundation, 2240 Shelter Island Drive, #200, San Diego, California - - 2014
Suction cup transducers, also known as "jawphones," are now commonly used to deliver acoustic stimuli to odontocete cetaceans during hearing studies. It is often assumed that stimulation is primarily limited to the ear ipsilateral to a jawphone; however, the actual differences in auditory stimulation at the two ears are not ...
Churchill Tyler H TH Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin - - 2014
Most contemporary cochlear implant (CI) processing strategies discard acoustic temporal fine structure (TFS) information, and this may contribute to the observed deficits in bilateral CI listeners' ability to localize sounds when compared to normal hearing listeners. Additionally, for best speech envelope representation, most contemporary speech processing strategies use high-rate carriers ...
Neitzel Richard L RL Department of Environmental Health Sciences and Risk Science Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
This study was conducted to evaluate noise exposures and the contributions of occupational and nonoccupational activities among three groups of Swedish workers (office workers, day care workers, and military flight technicians), and to evaluate risk factors for elevated hearing threshold levels. Forty-five subjects were recruited across the three groups. Each ...
Staffa Paola - - 2014
A potential consequence of exposure to noise is a temporary reduction in auditory sensitivity known as temporary threshold shift (TTS), which mainly depends on the intensity and duration of exposure to the noise. Recovery time is related to the amount of initial hearing loss, and the most recovery takes place ...
Andersson Erik E a Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre , Mid Sweden University , Östersund , - - 2014
Cycle and force characteristics were examined in 11 elite male cross-country skiers using the diagonal stride technique while skiing uphill (7.5°) on snow at moderate (3.5 ± 0.3 m/s), high (4.5 ± 0.4 m/s), and maximal (5.6 ± 0.6 m/s) velocities. Video analysis (50 Hz) was combined with plantar (leg) force (100 Hz), pole force (1,500 Hz), and photocell measurements. Both cycle ...
Patel Dipal B DB School of Solar Energy, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Raisan, Gandhinagar-382007, India. - - 2014
In this paper, we have carefully investigated the operation of a photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell configured of PbOx|Fe(CN)6(-4/-3)|Pt in the accumulation, flat band, depletion, inversion and deep-depletion regions using impedance measurements. The increases in the photocurrent for the different regions differ in their nature: a logarithmic increase in the depletion region, ...
Mackersie Carol L CL School of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences and Joint SDSU/UCSD AuD Program, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of hearing loss and noise on (1) two autonomic nervous system measures associated with stress (skin conductance and heart rate variability) and on (2) subjective ratings of workload/stress. The authors hypothesized that hearing loss would increase psychophysiological and subjective reactivity ...
Narishige Seira S Laboratory of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8480, - - 2014
Caffeine (CAF) is one of the most commonly used psychoactive substances. Circadian rhythms consist of the main suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) clocks and peripheral clocks. Although CAF lengthens the circadian rhythms and modifies phase changes in SCN-operated rhythms, it is unknown whether CAF modifies the phase, period, and amplitude of peripheral ...
van den Boer Janet H W JH Wageningen University, PO Box 8129, NL-6700 EV, Wageningen, The - - 2014
Observational research has indicated that modeling of eating style might occur when eating in the presence of an eating companion. This experiment investigated the effect of bite frequency of a same-sex eating companion on bite frequency, meal size and meal duration. A total of 30 normal weight young adults (m/f=8/22, ...
Volkening Katharina K Graduate School of Systemic Neurosciences, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Großhaderner Str. 2, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, Germany; Schoen Klinik Bad Aibling, Kolbermoorerstr. 72, 83043 Bad Aibling, Germany; German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders (DSGZ), Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377 Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The human brain constructs verticality perception by integrating vestibular, somatosensory, and visual information. Here we investigated whether galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) has an effect on verticality perception both during and after application, by assessing the subjective verticals (visual, haptic & postural) in healthy subjects at those times. During stimulation the ...
Kiani Ghazaleh G Human Vision and Eye Movement Laboratory, Departments of Medicine (Neurology) and Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
Perceptual after-effects decay over time at a rate that depends on several factors, such as the duration of adaptation and the duration of the test stimuli. Whether this decay is accelerated by exposure to other faces after adaptation is not known. Our goal was to determine if the appearance of ...
Kawabata Y Y Institute for East China Sea Research, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, 851-2213, - - 2014
Laboratory behavioural observation and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis were conducted to examine whether the movement of the elongated dorsal and pelvic spines changed the hydrodynamic drag in white-streaked grouper Epinephelus ongus larvae. The behavioural observation in the tank revealed that the larvae extended the dorsal and pelvic spines during ...
Hall Michelle M Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Knee osteoarthritis is common following arthroscopic partial meniscectomy and a higher external peak knee adduction moment is believed to be a contributor. The peak knee adduction moment has been shown to increase over 2years (from 3-months post-arthroscopic partial meniscectomy). The aim of this study was to evaluate mechanisms underpinning the ...
Al-Fori Marwan M a Department of Marine Science and Fisheries, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences , Sultan Qaboos University , PO Box 17, Postal Code - 123, Al Khoud, Muscat , Sultanate of - - 2014
In laboratory experiments, the antifouling (AF) properties of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorod coatings were investigated using the marine bacterium Acinetobacter sp. AZ4C, larvae of the bryozoan Bugula neritina and the microalga Tetraselmis sp. ZnO nanorod coatings were fabricated on microscope glass substrata by a simple hydrothermal technique using two different ...
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