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Dunn Felice A FA University of California, San Francisco, Department of Ophthalmology, 10 Koret Way, Room K127, Box 0730, San Francisco, CA, 94143-0730 - - 2014
The visual system has often been thought of as a parallel processor because distinct regions of the brain process different features of visual information. However, increasing evidence for convergence and divergence of circuit connections, even at the level of the retina where visual information is first processed, chips away at ...
Fifel Karim K INSERM 846, Stem Cell and Brain Research Institute, Department of Chronobiology, 18 Avenue du Doyen Lépine 69500 Bron France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although a wide range of physiological functions regulated by Dopamine (DA) display circadian variations, the role of DA in the generation and/or modulation of these rhythms is unknown. In Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, in addition to the classical motor symptoms, disturbances of the pattern of daily rest/wake cycles are common ...
Maclean M M The Robertson Trust Laboratory for Electronic Sterilisation Technologies, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although the germicidal properties of ultraviolet (UV) light have long been known, it is only comparatively recently that the antimicrobial properties of visible violet-blue 405nm light have been discovered and used for environmental disinfection and infection control applications. To review the antimicrobial properties of 405nm light and to describe its application ...
Gautier Arnaud A 1] École Normale Supérieure-Paris Sciences et Lettres (PSL) Research University, Department of Chemistry, Paris, France. [2] Sorbonne Universités, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Université Paris 06), UMR 8640 PASTEUR, Paris, France. [3] CNRS, UMR 8640 PASTEUR, Paris, - - 2014
The possibility offered by photocontrolling the activity of biomolecules in vivo while recording physiological parameters is opening up new opportunities for the study of physiological processes at the single-cell level in a living organism. For the last decade, such tools have been mainly used in neuroscience, and their application in ...
Lui Gough Yumu GY UNSW Water Research Centre, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
For many decades, populations in rural and remote developing regions will be unable to access centralised piped potable water supplies, and indeed, decentralised options may be more sustainable. Accordingly, improved household point-of-use (POU) disinfection technologies are urgently needed. Compared to alternatives, ultraviolet (UV) light disinfection is very attractive because of ...
Theunissen Frédéric E FE Department of Psychology and Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, - - 2014
We might be forced to listen to a high-frequency tone at our audiologist's office or we might enjoy falling asleep with a white-noise machine, but the sounds that really matter to us are the voices of our companions or music from our favourite radio station. The auditory system has evolved ...
Bouchal Zdeněk - - 2014
In contemporary optics, the spatial light modulator (SLM) is effectively used as a flexible optoelectronic device playing the key role in a number of experiments of science and technology. Its operation is optimal when using almost monochromatic light but an extremely strong diffractive dispersion occurs when white light is applied. ...
Kompis Martin - - 2014
Objectives To establish whether complex signal processing is beneficial for users of bone anchored hearing aids. Methods Review and analysis of two studies from our own group, each comparing a speech processor with basic digital signal processing (either Baha Divino or Baha Intenso) and a processor with complex digital signal ...
Chuang Ho-Chiao HC Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei 10608, - - 2014
This paper describes a nonmetallic, light weight portable chamber for ultra-high vacuum (UHV) applications. The chamber consists of a processed silicon block anodically bonding five polished Pyrex glass windows and a Pyrex glass adapter, without using any screws, bolts or vacuum adhesives. The design features provide an alternative chamber for ...
Wittenberg Eva E Tufts University, United States ; Potsdam University, - - 2014
We used event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate the neurocognitive mechanisms associated with processing light verb constructions such as "give a kiss". These constructions consist of a semantically underspecified light verb ("give") and an event nominal that contributes most of the meaning and also activates an argument structure of its own ...
Bauer Jurica - - 2014
Overcrowded alkenes are amongst the most promising artificial molecular motors due to their ability to undergo repetitive light-driven unidirectional rotary motion around the central C=C bond. The exceptional features of these molecules render them highly useful for a number of applications in nanotechnology. Many of these applications, however, would benefit ...
Fourkas John T JT Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA. - - 2014
Photolithography is a crucial technology for both research and industry. The desire to be able to create ever finer features has fuelled a push towards lithographic methods that use electromagnetic radiation or charged particles with the shortest possible wavelength. At the same time, the physics and chemistry involved in employing ...
Altmann Christian F CF Human Brain Research Center, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan; Career-Path Promotion Unit for Young Life Scientists, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sound localization in the horizontal plane is mainly determined by interaural time differences (ITD) and interaural level differences (ILD). Both cues result in an estimate of sound source location and in many real-life situations these two cues are roughly congruent. When stimulating listeners with head phones it is possible to ...
Thibodeau Linda - - 2014
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare the benefits of three types of remote microphone hearing assistance technology (HAT), Adaptive Digital broadband, Adaptive Frequency Modulation (FM), and Fixed FM, through objective and subjective measures of speech recognition in clinical and real-world settings. METHODS Participants included 11 adults, ages ...
Moon Il Joon IJ Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Complex sound like speech can be characterized as the sum of number of amplitude-modulated signals representing the outputs of an array of narrow frequency bands. Temporal information at the output of each band can be separated into temporal fine structure (TFS), the rapid oscillations close to the center frequency and ...
Forties Robert A RA Department of Physics, Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2014
Mechanical manipulations of single biological molecules have revealed highly dynamic and mechanical processes at the molecular level. Recent developments have permitted examination of the impact of torque on these processes and visualization of detailed molecular motions, enabling studies of increasingly complex systems. Here we highlight some recent important discoveries.
Acharya Shinjita S Department of Materials Science and Centre for Advanced Materials, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata-700032 - - 2014
Spontaneous patterning of anisotropic nanostructures into ordered assemblies remains a challenging quest, which requires controlled innovative approaches. One way to achieve such ordering of 1D nanorods is by manipulating the varieties of interactions (attractive and repulsive forces) present in colloidal solutions of anisotropic nanocrystals. The other ingenuous pathway is solvent-evaporation-mediated ...
Evtushenko G S GS Institute of Non-Destructive Testing, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30 Lenin Avenue, Tomsk 634050, - - 2014
A single-pulse imaging laser projection system (laser monitor) is proposed for real-time monitoring high-speed processes shielded by the intensive background lighting. The brightness temperature of the lighting can reach thousands or even tens of thousands of degrees, which makes it difficult to observe the processes with the naked eye. The ...
Kephalopoulos Stylianos S European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health & Consumer Protection, TP 281, 21027 Ispra, VA, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Environmental Noise Directive (2002/49/EC) requires EU Member States to determine the exposure to environmental noise through strategic noise mapping and to elaborate action plans in order to reduce noise pollution, where necessary. A common framework for noise assessment methods (CNOSSOS-EU) has been developed by the European Commission in co-operation ...
Hooper R E RE Private practice, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Background: The diagnosis 'acoustic shock' has been made increasingly in the health care industry in recent years. This paper aims to question the validity of acoustic shock as an organic pathological entity. Methods: The experiences of 16 individuals diagnosed as having acoustic shock, within a medico-legal practice, are reviewed. Results: ...
Barani A A Department of Mechanical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, - - 2014
Adding ultrasonic vibrations to drilling process results in an advanced hybrid machining process, entitled "vibration drilling". This study presents the design and fabrication of a vibration drilling tool by which both rotary and vibrating motions are applied to drill simultaneously. High frequency and low amplitude vibrations were generated by an ...
White Claire C Research School of Psychology, The Australian National University, Building 39, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia, - - 2014
Growing evidence indicates that the main psychoactive ingredient in the illegal drug "ecstasy" (methylendioxymethamphetamine) causes reduced activity in the serotonin and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) systems in humans. On the basis of substantial serotonin input to the occipital lobe, recent research investigated visual processing in long-term users and found a larger ...
Lei Ping - - 2014
The abundant and renewable solar light is an ideal resource for the industrial application of TiO2 photocatalysis in environmental purification. Over the past decades, the pursuit for visible light photocatalysts with low cost, simple process and high efficiency remains a challenging task. Here, we develop a novel organic-inorganic nano-hybrid photocatalyst ...
Monazzam-Esmaeelpour Mohammad Reza MR Department of Occupational Hygiene, School of Public Health and Center for Air Pollution Research (CAPR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Noise pollution is currently a major risk factor in industries in both developed and developing countries.The present study assessed noise pollution in the knitting industry in Iran in 2009 and presented a control method to reduce the rate of noise generation. The overall noise level was estimated using the network ...
Csibri Péter P Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Szeged, - - 2014
Information from the environment can be based on a single or several modalities. The simultaneous processing of information separated in space and/or time depends on multiple factors. Visual illusions serve as a good tool with which to investigate the parallel processing of information and their interactions. This study was designed ...
Tkachenko Georgiy G Université de Bordeaux, CNRS, Laboratoire Ondes et Matière d'Aquitaine, 351 cours de la libération, F-33400 Talence, - - 2014
The lack of mirror symmetry, chirality, plays a fundamental role in physics, chemistry and life sciences. The passive separation of entities that only differ by their handedness without need of a chiral material environment remains a challenging task with attractive scientific and industrial benefits. To date, only a few experimental ...
Lynn Lawrence A LA The Sleep and Breathing Research Institute, 1275 Olentangy RR, Columbus, Ohio 43212, - - 2014
Decades of large, apparently well-designed clinical trials have failed to generate reproducible results in the investigation of many complex rapidly evolving and changing conditions such as sepsis. One possibility for the failure is that 20th century threshold science may be too simplistic to apply to complex rapidly changing conditions, especially ...
Garcia-Porta Nery N Clinical & Experimental Optometry Research Lab, Center of Physics (Optometry), School of Sciences, University of Minho, Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal ; Grupo de Investigación en Superficie Ocular y Lentes de Contacto, Departamento de Cirugía (Oftalmología), Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 A Coruña, - - 2014
Several refractive and therapeutic treatments as well as several ocular or systemic diseases might induce changes in the mechanical resistance of the cornea. Furthermore, intraocular pressure measurement, one of the most used clinical tools, is also highly dependent on this characteristic. Corneal biomechanical properties can be measured now in the ...
Weber Michael M Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics (MPI-CBG), Dresden, - - 2014
This chapter introduces the concept of light sheet microscopy along with practical advice on how to design and build such an instrument. Selective plane illumination microscopy is presented as an alternative to confocal microscopy due to several superior features such as high-speed full-frame acquisition, minimal phototoxicity, and multiview sample rotation. ...
Lo Yu Tung YT Wellcome Laboratory of Neurobiology, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University College London London, - - 2014
It is generally supposed that there is a single, hierarchically organized pathway dedicated to form processing, in which complex forms are elaborated from simpler ones, beginning with the orientation-selective cells of V1. In this psychophysical study, we undertook to test another hypothesis, namely that the brain's visual form system consists ...
Hasegawa Katsuya K JAXA/Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Sagamihara 252-5210, Japan. - - 2014
The ability to maintain the body relative to the external environment is important for adaptation to altered gravity. However, the physiological limits for adaptation or the disruption of body orientation are not known. In this study, we analyzed postural changes in mice upon exposure to various low gravities. Male C57BL6/J ...
Dahmen Hansjürgen H Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, Tübingen 72076, Germany. - - 2014
Optical mouse chips-equipped with adequate lenses-can serve as small, light, precise, fast, and cheap motion sensors monitoring optic flow induced by self motion of an agent in a contrasted environment. We present a device that extracts self motion parameters exclusively from flow in eight mouse sensors. Four pairs of sensors ...
Boyle Patrick M - - 2013
Cardiac optogenetics is an exciting new methodology in which light-sensitive ion channels are expressed in heart tissue to enable optical control of bioelectricity. This technology has the potential to open new avenues for safely and effectively treating rhythm disorders in the heart with gentle beams of light. Recently, we developed ...
Psalta Lilia - - 2013
Although the processing of facial identity is known to be sensitive to the orientation of the face, it is less clear whether orientation sensitivity extends to the processing of facial expressions. To address this issue, we used functional MRI (fMRI) to measure the neural response to the Thatcher illusion. This ...
Schindler Tony D TD 1] Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA - - 2014
Cytoskeletal motors act as cargo transporters in cells and may be harnessed for directed transport applications in molecular detection and diagnostic devices. High processivity, the ability to take many steps along a track before dissociating, is often a desirable characteristic because it allows nanoscale motors to transport cargoes over distances ...
Abrams Richard A - - 2013
It is known that stimuli near the hands receive preferential processing. In the present study, we explored changes in early vision near the hands. Participants were more sensitive to low-spatial-frequency information and less sensitive to high-spatial-frequency information for stimuli presented close to the hands. This pattern suggests enhanced processing in ...
Ferrero A - - 2013
Flakes in effect coatings, which are responsible for its color shift, are not perfectly horizontally oriented, producing a non uniform texture when observed from a distance of around one meter or less. If the coating is illuminated by a diffuse source, a granular appearance is observed, called graininess. But when ...
Mihi Agustín - - 2013
A simple approach is demonstrated to combine a light trapping scheme and a conductive substrate for solution processed solar cells. By means of soft lithography, a new light trapping architecture can be integrated as bottom electrode for emerging thin film solar cell technologies without added costs, fully compatible with low ...
Elgala Hany - - 2013
Visible light communications (VLC) technology permits the exploitation of light-emitting diode (LED) luminaries for simultaneous illumination and broadband wireless communication. Optical orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (O-OFDM) is a promising modulation technique for VLC systems, in which the real-valued O-OFDM baseband signal is used to modulate the instantaneous power of the optical ...
Reddy M L P - - 2013
Visible-light sensitized luminescent europium(iii) molecular materials are of considerable importance because their outstanding photophysical properties make them well suited as labels in fluorescence-based bioassays and low-voltage driven pure red-emitters in optoelectronic technology. One challenge in this field is development of visible-light sensitizing ligands that can form highly emissive europium(iii) complexes ...
Logan C A - - 2013
Climate warming threatens to increase mass coral bleaching events, and several studies have projected the demise of tropical coral reefs this century. However, recent evidence indicates corals may be able to respond to thermal stress though adaptive processes (e.g., genetic adaptation, acclimatization, and symbiont shuffling). How these mechanisms might influence ...
Murawski Caroline - - 2013
Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have attracted much attention in research and industry thanks to their capability to emit light with high efficiency and to deliver high-quality white light that provides good color rendering. OLEDs feature homogeneous large area emission and can be produced on flexible substrates. In terms of efficiency, ...
Lowery Kristy Jones KJ Department of Audiology and Speech Pathology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, - - 2013
Directional microphones (D-Mics) and digital noise reduction (DNR) algorithms are used in hearing aids to reduce the negative effects of background noise on performance. Directional microphones attenuate sounds arriving from anywhere other than the front of the listener while DNR attenuates sounds with physical characteristics of noise. Although both noise ...
Varner Victor D VD Department of Chemical & Biological Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, - - 2013
Although many of the molecular mechanisms that regulate tissue assembly in the embryo have been delineated, the physical forces that couple these mechanisms to actual changes in tissue form remain unclear. Qualitative studies suggest that mechanical loads play a regulatory role in development, but clear quantitative evidence has been lacking. ...
Kröger Anne - - 2013
Atypical visual processing of biological motion contributes to social impairments in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, the exact temporal sequence of deficits of cortical biological motion processing in ASD has not been studied to date.We used 64-channel EEG to study event-related potentials associated with human motion perception in 17 children ...
Wu Rengmao - - 2013
We propose dedicated road lighting, which is significantly superior to the existing lighting technologies for the city park and housing estate. This dedicated lighting employs freeform surfaces to effectively control the optical field of the LED source to produce three kinds of illumination modes for the curved road, straight road, ...
Hsieh Chi-Chang - - 2013
A well designed headlamp for a vehicle lighting system is very important as it provides drivers with safe and comfortable driving conditions at night or in dark places. With the advances of the semiconductor technology, the LED has become the fourth generation lighting source in the auto industry. In this ...
Peixoto Nathalia - - 2013
People without disabilities seamlessly control devices with their hands. Interestingly, their hands can perform coarse and fine control. Implementing smooth control for computerized systems is not straightforward and most of the time it is not intuitive either. Here we offer a solution to that problem: smooth control through humming. Voice ...
Bonilla-Musoles Fernando - - 2013
HDlive (high-definition live or real-time US), a new ultrasound software, combines a movable virtual adjustable light source in a software that calculates the proportion of light reflecting through surface structures, depending on light direction. The light source can be manually positioned to illuminate the desired area of interest. The ultrasound ...
Zamanian Zahra - - 2013
According to the literature, a large number of people working in industries and service providing personnel, such as firefighters, physicians, and nurses are shift workers. The spread of shift working in industrial societies and the incidence of the problems resulting from shift working have caused the researchers to conduct studies ...
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