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Cau Nicola - - 2014
Obesity is known to affect balance and gait pattern increasing the risk of fall and injury as compared to the lean population. Such risk is particularly high during postural transitions. Gait initiation (GI) is a transient procedure between static upright posture and steady-state locomotion, which includes anticipatory antero-posterior and lateral ...
Singh Mahaveer M Department of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences Pilani, Pilani Campus, Vidya Vihar, Pilani 333031, Rajasthan, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Melatonin is a chronobiotic substance that acts as synchronizer by stabilizing bodily rhythms. Its synthesis occurs in various locations throughout the body, including the pineal gland, skin, lymphocytes and gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Its synthesis and secretion is controlled by light and dark conditions, whereby light decreases and darkness increases its ...
Mortazavi Bobak - - 2014
Exergaming is expanding as an option for sedentary behavior in childhood/adult obesity and for extra exercise for gamers. This paper presents the development process for a mobile active sports exergame with near-realistic motions through the usage of body-wearable sensors. The process begins by collecting a dataset specifically targeted to mapping ...
Escribano Begoña M BM Department of Cell Biology, Physiology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Córdoba University, Córdoba, - - 2014
The principal goal of this study was to determine the effect of the photoperiod on oxidative damage biomarkers in rats submitted to different light/darkness patterns, in a hyperlipidemic nephropathy model (induced by adriamycin), as well as its possible relationship with melatonin and leptin secretion rhythms. To test this hypothesis, six ...
Garaulet Marta - - 2013
Chronobiology is a word derived from three Greek stems: kronos for time, bios for life and logos for study. From microarrays studies, now it is accepted that 10-30% of the human genome is under the control of circadian molecular clocks. This implies that most behavioral, physiological and biochemical variables display ...
Yang Sungchil - - 2013
Tinnitus is a potentially debilitating phantom percepts affecting up to ten percent of the general population. After decades of efforts, we still lack an effective treatment for tinnitus, partly because of the heterogeneity of its etiology. Recent studies revealed potential central mechanisms underlying the most common form of tinnitus, which ...
Ranavolo Alberto - - 2013
The coordinative pattern is an important feature of locomotion that has been studied in a number of pathologies. It has been observed that adaptive changes in coordination patterns are due to both external and internal constraints. Obesity is characterized by the presence of excess mass at pelvis and lower-limb areas, ...
Purtell Louise - - 2012
CONTEXT: Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) have a high cardiovascular risk, the mechanism of which is unclear. There may be dysfunction in the autonomic nervous system in PWS. OBJECTIVE: To measure, as indicators of cardiac autonomic function, postprandial heart rate variability (HRV) and arterial stiffness in adults with PWS. METHODS: ...
Liu Chen - - 2012
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the United States, and obesity-related illnesses have become a leading preventable cause of death. Childhood obesity is also growing in frequency, and the impact of a lifetime spent in the overweight state is only beginning to emerge in the literature. In this issue of ...
Wyse Cathy A - - 2012
The variable photoperiods of Northern latitudes challenge the entrainment capacity of the circadian pacemaker, which evolved under constant photoperiods in Equatorial regions. Entrainment to the erratic photoperiods facilitated by artificial light presents an additional challenge. Metabolic dysfunction and obesity are potential consequences of such desynchronization of circadian and environmental rhythms.
Schroeder Harry W HW - - 2012
Intracellular trafficking of organelles often involves cytoskeletal track switching. Organelles such as melanosomes are transported by multiple motors including kinesin-2, dynein, and myosin-V, which drive switching between microtubules and actin filaments during dispersion and aggregation. Here, we used optical trapping to determine the unitary and ensemble forces of kinesin-2, and ...
Bhat Deepak - - 2012
Bidirectional cargo transport by molecular motors in cells is a complex phenomenon in which the cargo (usually a vesicle) alternately moves in retrograde and anterograde directions. In this case, teams of oppositely pulling motors (e.g., kinesin and dynein) bind to the cargo, simultaneously, and 'coordinate' their activity such that the ...
Eskander Ramy - - 2012
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Excessive traction has been alleged as the cause of newborn complications associated with vacuum delivery. We sought to quantify subjective levels of physician vacuum traction in a simulated obstetric delivery model, dependent upon level of training. METHODS: Three groups of physicians, based on training level applied traction (minimal, ...
Figueiro Mariana G - - 2012
Acute and chronic sleep restrictions cause a reduction in leptin and an increase in ghrelin, both of which are associated with hunger. Given that light/dark patterns are closely tied to sleep/wake patterns, we compared, in a within-subjects study, the impact of morning light exposures (60 lux of 633-nm [red], 532-nm ...
Kim Duk-Jin DJ University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 80305, USA. - - 2012
Pervasive computing becomes very active research field these days. A watch that can trace human movement to record motion boundary as well as to study of finding social life pattern by one's localized visiting area. Pervasive computing also helps patient monitoring. A daily monitoring system helps longitudinal study of patient ...
Sadek Medhat M - - 2011
We have examined the timing of calling behavior in the female Egyptian cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis and its modification by exposure to sex pheromone. The calling rhythm of the female moth was found to be circadian, persistent for at least 4days once it has been entrained, and could be phase ...
Maddess Ted - - 2011
We investigated issues that could impair the capacity of multifocal pupilliographic perimetry to detect visual field damage. Differential blue light absorbance causes between-subject variance so we compared stimuli with differing blue content. We also quantified declining response gain at higher stimulus intensities (saturation), which can reduce sensitivity to changes in ...
Moore Ashli F - - 2011
Melatonin, a hormone produced by the pineal gland, is important for regulating circadian rhythms in many animals. Light at night causes an acute suppression of melatonin in nearly all vertebrate species. A previous study found that light failed to suppress melatonin in the lizard Anolis carolinensis. This is a surprising ...
Stankowich Theodore - - 2011
Several species of terrestrial carnivores (Mammalia: Carnivora) have bold contrasting color patterns that, in some species, apparently signal possession of noxious anal gland secretions, or even physical strength and great ferocity; yet the evolutionary drivers of both placement and patterning of these contrasting pelage colors on the body, and the ...
Clark Andrew Christopher - - 2011
The potential for iron(III) tartrate to act as a photoactivator in light induced oxidative degradation of white wine is described. Using a tartaric acid based model wine system containing 5 mg/L iron, exposure to light from a xenon-arc lamp led to the oxidative degradation of tartaric acid and the production ...
Seo Soo Hong - - 2011
Digital photography can be used to measure skin color colorimetrically when combined with proper techniques. To better understand the settings of digital photography for the evaluation and measurement of skin colors, we used a tungsten lamp with filters and the custom white balance (WB) function of a digital camera. All ...
King D A - - 2011
Contributions of initial and retained levels of oxygen consumption and reducing capacity to animal variation in color stability were evaluated. Instrumental color values were determined on longissimus steaks (n=257) during 6 d of display. Oxygen consumption (OC), nitric oxide metmyoglobin reduction (NORA), initial metmyoglobin formation (IMF), and post-reduction metmyoglobin (PRM) ...
Helffrich George - - 2010
Light elements must be present in the nearly pure iron core of the Earth to match the remotely observed properties of the outer and inner cores. Crystallization of the inner core excludes light elements from the solid, concentrating them in liquid near the inner-core boundary that potentially rises and collects ...
Puller Christian - - 2011
Color vision in mammals is based on the expression of at least two cone opsins that are sensitive to different wavelengths of light. Furthermore, retinal pathways conveying color-opponent signals are required for color discrimination. Most of the primates are trichromats, and "color-coded channels" of their retinas are unveiled to a ...
Meister Gerhard - - 2010
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Aqua platform has nine spectral bands with center wavelengths from 412 to 870 nm that are used to produce the standard ocean color data products. Ocean scenes usually contain high contrast due to the presence of bright clouds over dark water. About ...
Conway Bevil R - - 2010
Color has become a premier model system for understanding how information is processed by neural circuits, and for investigating the relationships among genes, neural circuits, and perception. Both the physical stimulus for color and the perceptual output experienced as color are quite well characterized, but the neural mechanisms that underlie ...
Nizamoglu Sedat - - 2010
Warm-white LEDs (WLEDs) with high spectral quality and efficiency are required for lighting applications, but current experimental performances are limited. We report on nanocrystal quantum dot (NQD) hybridized WLEDs with high performance that exhibit a high luminous efficacy of optical radiation exceeding 350lm/W(opt) and a high color rendering index close ...
Choi Chang-Jin - - 2011
Studies on human psychological domains associated with color specific light effects have been reported. The heart rate variability (HRV) has been suggested to be a useful tool for the detection of short-term effects of light on the autonomic nervous system (ANS). The emotional state of an individual has an independent ...
Bush Sarah E - - 2010
Cryptic coloration is a classic example of evolution by natural selection. However, it has been studied almost exclusively in predator-prey systems, despite the fact that it may evolve in other groups, such as ectoparasites. The principle defense of hosts against ectoparasites is grooming behavior, which has a visual component. Host-imposed ...
Dejoie Catherine - - 2010
The durability of an organic color and its resistance against external chemical agents and exposure to light can be significantly enhanced by hybridizing the natural dye with a mineral. In search for stable natural pigments, the present work focuses on the association of indigo blue with several zeolitic matrices (LTA ...
Ratnasingam Sivalogeswaran - - 2010
The apparent color of an object within a scene depends on the spectrum of the light illuminating the object. However, recording an object's color independent of the illuminant spectrum is important in many machine vision applications. In this paper the performance of a blackbody-model-based color constancy algorithm that requires four ...
Shiraki Tomoya - - 2010
In response to ambient light levels, many lower vertebrates darken or lighten their body colors by regulating dispersion or aggregation, respectively, of melanin granules (melanosomes) in the melanophore. This physiological reaction is mediated by photoreception in the eyes, the pineal gland, the deep brain and the melanophores themselves, depending on ...
Mundim F M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of artificial accelerated aging on the color stability and opacity of composites of different shades. Four composites for direct use (Heliomolar, 4 Seasons, Tetric EvoCeram; QuiXfil) and one for indirect use (SR Adoro) in two shades were used: light (A2) ...
Perales Esther - - 2010
We estimated the number of colors perceived by color normal and color-deficient observers when looking at the theoretic limits of object-color stimuli. These limits, the optimal color stimuli, were computed for a color normal observer and CIE standard illuminant D65, and the resultant colors were expressed in the CIELAB and ...
Clarke Julia A - - 2010
Penguin feathers are highly modified in form and function, but there have been no fossils to inform their evolution. A giant penguin with feathers was recovered from the late Eocene (~36 million years ago) of Peru. The fossil reveals that key feathering features, including undifferentiated primary wing feathers and broad ...
Sun Xuemei - - 2010
Conjugated polymers have been investigated for a number of applications in optoelectronics and sensing due to their important electronic and optical properties. For instance, polydiacetylene (PDA) may change color in response to external stimuli and has been extensively explored as a material for chromatic sensors. However, the practical applications of ...
Park Dong Hyuk - - 2010
We report on the light-emitting color barcode nanowires (LECB-NWs), which were fabricated by alternating the electrochemical polymerization of light-emitting polymers with various luminescence colors and efficiencies. The nanoscale photoluminescence characteristics of LECB-NWs were investigated using a laser confocal microscope with a high spatial resolution. The alternating light emissions of the ...
Gregori Bruno - - 2011
Optic neuritis related to multiple sclerosis and diabetic retinopathy are relatively selective post-retinal and retinal vision disorders. Vision impairment in both conditions is reliably measured by testing critical fusion frequency (CFF). To examine color vision, we measured the CFF in response to red and blue stimuli, and tested CFF values ...
Foster David H - - 2011
A quarter of a century ago, the first systematic behavioral experiments were performed to clarify the nature of color constancy-the effect whereby the perceived color of a surface remains constant despite changes in the spectrum of the illumination. At about the same time, new models of color constancy appeared, along ...
García-Martínez P - - 2010
We report a wavelength-compensated three-channel (RGB) joint transform correlator (JTC) for color pattern recognition using a ferroelectric liquid-crystal spatial light modulator (SLM) operating in binary pure phase modulation. We apply a previously reported time-multiplexing technique useful in creating wavelength-compensated diffraction patterns, based on the synchronization of properly scaled diffraction masks ...
Campbell Diane R - - 2010
Despite a long-standing belief that insect pollinators can select for certain flower colors, there are few experimental demonstrations that free-flying insects choose between natural flowers based on color. We investigated responses of insect visitors to experimental manipulations of flower color in the New Zealand alpine. Native syrphid flies (Allograpta and ...
Lee Yong-Keun - - 2010
The color attributes of commercially available shade guides have been measured by spectrophotometers (SP), which are designed to measure flat surfaces. However, there is limited information on the color distribution of shade guides as measured by spectroradiometers (SR), which are capable of measuring the color of curved surfaces. The purpose ...
Hsieh Po-Jang - - 2010
Visual filling-in occurs when a retinally stabilized object undergoes perceptual fading. As the term "filling-in" implies, it is commonly believed that information about the apparently vanished object is lost and replaced solely by information arising from the surrounding background. Here we report multivoxel pattern analysis fMRI data that challenge this ...
Pinna Baingio - - 2010
In this work it is suggested that color induces phenomenal wholeness, part-whole organization and fragmentation. The phenomenal wholeness subsumes the set of its main attributes: homogeneity, continuity, univocality, belongingness, and oneness. If color induces wholeness, it can also induce fragmentation. Therefore, in order to understand the role played by color ...
Watts Ian - - 2010
Earth pigments from the three excavations at Pinnacle Point Cave 13B (Western Cape Province, South Africa), spanning the terminal middle Pleistocene and earlier late Pleistocene, are described and analyzed. Qualitative geological categorization primarily rested on textural, fabric, and iron enrichment attributes. Comprehensive recovery allowed identification of non-anthropic pigmentaceous materials, questionable ...
van de Sande Koen E A - - 2010
Image category recognition is important to access visual information on the level of objects and scene types. So far, intensity-based descriptors have been widely used for feature extraction at salient points. To increase illumination invariance and discriminative power, color descriptors have been proposed. Because many different descriptors exist, a structured ...
He Guoxing - - 2010
We established a model for spectra of LEDs at different drive currents. The simulation program of color rendering of white-light LED clusters has been developed, according to the principle of additive color mixture. The experimental results show that white/red LED clusters can realize color temperature untunable white light with a ...
Jacobs Gerald H - - 2010
There have been significant advances in our understanding of mammalian color vision over the past 15 years. This paper reviews a number of topics that have been central to these recent efforts, including: (1) the extent and nature of ultraviolet vision in mammals, (2) the evolutionary loss of short-wavelength-sensitive cones ...
Niwa Kazuki - - 2010
Quantum yields of firefly bioluminescence reactions were determined for beetle luciferases from the three main families of luminous beetles emitting different bioluminescence colors. Quantum yield (QY) was significantly correlated with luminescence spectrum. The green light-emitting luciferase of the Brazilian click beetle, Pyrearinus termitilluminans, whose luminescence spectrum had the shortest peak ...
Webster Michael A MA Department of Psychology/296, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV 89557, USA. - - 2010
A model of adaptation and visual coding was used to simulate how color appearance might vary among individuals that differ only in their sensitivity to wavelength. Color responses to images were calculated for cone receptors with spectral sensitivities specific to the individual, and in postreceptoral mechanisms tuned to different combinations ...
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