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Results 201 - 250 of 1224
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Wang Zhehong - - 2008
In order to investigate the performance of suprathreshold color-difference tolerances with different visual scales and different perceptual correlates, a psychophysical experiment was carried out by the method of constant stimuli using CRT colors. Five hue circles at three lightness (L*=30, 50, and 70) and chroma (C*ab=10, 20, and 30) levels ...
Lee Seung-Hun - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the difference in changes of optical properties of varied shades from varied brands of resin composites after thermocycling, and to determine the influence of the optical parameters, such as color coordinates, chroma and translucency, and the changes in these parameters on the color change. METHODS: Eight light-curing ...
Orava Joni - - 2008
A method of producing inkless parameric color pairs is studied. In this method, colors are formed additively using diffraction gratings with differing grating periods as primary colors. Gratings with different grating periods reflect different spectral radiance peaks of a fluorescent lamp to the desired viewing angle, according to the grating ...
Van der Burg Erik - - 2009
The majority of studies investigating interactions between vision and touch have typically explored single events, presenting one object at a time. The present study investigates how tactile-visual interactions affect competition between multiple visual objects in more dynamic cluttered environments. Participants searched for a horizontal or vertical line segment among distractor ...
Webster Michael A MA Department of Physchology, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557, USA. - - 2008
Many perceptual dimensions are thought to be represented relative to an average value or norm. Models of norm-based coding assume that the norm appears psychologically neutral because it reflects a neutral response in the underlying neural code. We tested this assumption in human color vision by asking how judgments of ...
Mortensen Jesper - - 2008
Real-time global illumination in VR systems enhances scene realism by incorporating soft shadows, reflections of objects in the scene, and color bleeding. The Virtual Light Field (VLF) method enables real-time global illumination rendering in VR. The VLF has been integrated with the Extreme VR system for real-time GPU-based rendering in ...
Nagai Takehiro - - 2008
A figure is segregated from its background when the colored elements belonging to the figure are grouped together. We investigated the range of color distribution conditions in which a figure could be segregated from its background using the color distribution differences. The stimulus was a multicolored texture composed of randomly ...
Wang Lujin - - 2008
Professional designers and artists are quite cognizant of the rules that guide the design of effective color palettes, from both aesthetic and attention-guiding points of view. In the field of visualization, however, the use of systematic rules embracing these aspects has received less attention. The situation is further complicated by ...
Stomp Maayke - - 2008
Although phenotypic plasticity can be advantageous in fluctuating environments, it may come too late if the environment changes fast. Complementary chromatic adaptation is a colorful form of phenotypic plasticity, where cyanobacteria tune their pigmentation to the prevailing light spectrum. Here, we study the timescale of chromatic adaptation and its impact ...
Kim Jin-Cheol - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the changes in color parameters of Vitapan 3D-Master shade guide tabs by a spectrophotometer (SP) or a spectroradiometer (SR), and by the removal of the surface layer of the tabs that was performed to make a flat measuring surface for the SP color measurement. METHODS: Color of ...
Stillman Jennifer A - - 2008
Anomaloscopes are used in clinical and research applications involving the assessment of color vision. Output data include the matching range (MR), the midpoint, and the anomaly quotient (AQ). The latter is commonly used to compare data obtained using different instruments. However, the midpoint and AQ ultimately depend on the MR, ...
Huang Kuo-Chen - - 2008
This study investigated the effects of dispersion, color, and rotation of figures on recognition under varied exposure times. A total of 30 women and 15 men, Taiwanese college students ages 18 to 20 years (M = 19.1, SD = 1.2), participated. Subjects were to recognize a target figure and respond ...
Huang Kuo-Chen - - 2008
The effects of colored light and colors of stimuli and their backgrounds on participants' perceptions that the weight of a stimulus was identical to a standard weight were examined. A total of 23 women and 19 men, Taiwanese college students ages 20 to 23 years (M = 21.2, SD = ...
Mora-Ferrer Carlos - - 2009
The goldfish is one of the few animals exceptionally well analyzed in behavioral experiments and also in electrophysiological and neuroanatomical investigations of the retina. To get insight into the functional organization of the retina we studied color vision, motion detection and temporal resolution before and after intra-ocular injection of neuropharmaca ...
Park Byoungchoo - - 2008
We studied 1-dimensional (1-D) photonic crystal (PC) films with three alternating layers to investigate multi-mode photonic band-gaps (PBGs) at red, green, and blue color regions. From simulations, it was shown that PCs with three alternating layered elements of [a/b/c] structure have sharp PBGs at the three color regions with the ...
Wei Minchen - - 2008
The precision approach path indicator (PAPI) system is installed alongside a runway or at a heliport to provide accurate visual approach path information to pilots of landing aircraft, either day or night. The indicator sends the information through different color combinations. The international standards have very rigid requirements for the ...
Jacobs Gerald H - - 2008
Thirty years ago virtually everything known about primate color vision derived from psychophysical studies of normal and color-defective humans and from physiological investigations of the visual system of the macaque monkey, the most popular of human surrogates for this purpose. The years since have witnessed much progress toward the goal ...
Cho Sang-Hwan - - 2008
We propose and demonstrate weak-microcavity organic light-emitting diode (OLED) displays with improved light-extraction and viewing-angle characteristics. A single pair of low- and high-index layers is inserted between indium tin oxide (ITO) and a glass substrate. The electroluminescent (EL) efficiencies of discrete red, green, and blue weak-microcavity OLEDs are enhanced by ...
Zaidi Qasim Q State University of New York, College of Optometry, Department of Vision Sciences, 33 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036-8003, USA. - - 2008
We measured accuracy of object identification across illuminations on the basis of color cues. Four similarly shaped real objects, three of the same reflectance, were separated into pairs under distinct colored real lights. Observers were asked to pick the odd object. Correct and incorrect identifications formed systematic patterns that could ...
Gauch Angélique - - 2008
A color change that is physically simultaneous with the onset of object motion may be perceived as occurring before the initial displacement. In contrast, a colored flash during object motion is displaced in the direction of motion, suggesting that it is perceived after the continuous position change. The aim of ...
Pearce John M - - 2008
The results from five experiments are considered in relation to two of Spence's (1937, 1938) proposals concerning discrimination learning. In Experiments 1 and 2, we investigated whether his ideas about the interaction between excitatory and inhibitory generalization gradients can be used to understand how animals solve a complex patterning discrimination. ...
Kemp Darrell J - - 2008
Theory predicts that traits subject to strong sexual selection should evolve to be more exaggerated and developmentally integrated than nonsexual traits, thus leading to heightened condition dependence. Until recently, however, efforts to evaluate this prediction have suffered from either a purely correlational (nonmanipulative) approach, or from using manipulations of doubtful ...
Yeh Su-Ling - - 2008
The contingent-orienting hypothesis states that attentional capture by a task-irrelevant stimulus is contingent on whether that stimulus shares a feature property that is critical to the task at hand [Folk, C. L., Remington, R. W., & Johnston, J. C. (1992). Involuntary covert orienting is contingent on attentional control settings. Journal ...
Becker Cordula - - 2009
In a recent study, Becker and Elliott [Becker, C., & Elliott, M. A. (2006). Flicker induced color and form: Interdependencies and relation to stimulation frequency and phase. Consciousness & Cognition, 15(1), 175-196] described the appearance of subjective experiences of color and form induced by stimulation with intermittent light. While there ...
Volpato Cláudia Angela Maziero - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The present study is an instrumental evaluation of the optical influence of the type of illuminant, substrate and different thickness on the color of dental ceramics. METHODS: Thirty ceramic disks were prepared from IPS-Empress and IPS-Empress2 in three different thicknesses (1.5, 2.0 and 2.5mm). Disks made of composite resin; ...
Maan Martine E - - 2008
Aposematic signals may be subject to conflicting selective pressures from predators and conspecifics. We studied female preferences for different components of aposematic coloration in the polymorphic poison frog Oophaga pumilio across several phenotypically distinct populations. This frog shows striking diversity in color and pattern between geographically isolated populations in western ...
Guttal Satyabodh S - - 2008
AIM: The value and success of a well-fitting and anatomically correct prosthesis are compromised if the color does not match the adjoining tissues. The use of powder colors to help develop a simplified silicone shade guide to aid in the fabrication of silicone facial prostheses for Indian patients has been ...
Sue-Chu M - - 2008
The lag-time between sample light exposure and evaluation of the samples strongly influences the observed change in surface color of riboflavin bulk substance and tablets. The decrease in total color change (deltaE*ab) as a function of time after exposure is ascribed to a change in the surface moisture content of ...
Sköld Helen Nilsson - - 2008
Physiological color change in camouflage and mating is widespread among fishes, but little is known about the regulation of such temporal changes in nuptial coloration and particularly concerning female coloration. To better understand regulation of nuptial coloration we investigated physiological color change in female two-spotted gobies (Gobiusculus flavescens). Females of ...
Wood Duncan J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to observe the spectral reflectance curves, and evaluate the color coordinates (CIELAB) of VM7 dentin ceramics (VITA, Germany) across the whole 3D-MASTER shade system. METHODS: Three disc samples, 13 mm in diameter and 1.4mm in thickness, were produced for each shade by firing following the ...
Ling Yazhu - - 2008
We investigate color constancy for real 2D paper samples using a successive matching paradigm in which the observer memorizes a reference surface color under neutral illumination and after a temporal interval selects a matching test surface under the same or different illumination. We find significant effects of the illumination, reference ...
Cole Barry L BL Clinical Vision Research Australia, Victorian College of Optometry, Victoria, Australia. - - 2008
It is presumed that pilots with abnormal color vision who pass the Farnsworth lantern test can distinguish aviation signal lights including the red and white lights of the Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI). The investigation of the FedEx Flight 1478 crash at Tallahassee airport in 2002 raises doubts about this ...
Demeyere Nele N Behavioural Brain Sciences Centre, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK. - - 2008
Previous research has suggested that, when operating in a distributed attention mode, the visual system automatically represents visual displays by their overall statistics, rather than their individual properties. Recent neuropsychological work shows partly preserved distributed attention in simultanagnosic patients, who are typically defined as only perceiving one object at a ...
Gomes Bruno D - - 2008
The purpose of this work is to investigate the use of different forms of visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to measure color discrimination thresholds and to plot color discrimination ellipses (MacAdam, 1942). Five normal trichromats (24.5 +/- 2.6 years-old) were monocularly tested. Stimuli consisted of sinusoidal isoluminant chromatic gratings made from ...
Menzel Daniel - - 2008
Previous experiments showed that images of differently colored trains and sports cars can influence the loudness ratings given by subjects via free magnitude estimation. Red vehicles caused subjects to rate the loudness of simultaneously presented train or car sounds higher relative to green vehicles. To investigate whether these loudness differences ...
Tanca Maria - - 2008
The watercolor illusion is a color spreading effect at long-range diffusing from a thin colored contour juxtaposed to a chromatic one of higher contrast and a object-hole effect across a large area (Pinna, 1987; Pinna et al., 2001, 2003; Pinna & Reeves, 2006). The watercolored figure appears evenly colored by ...
This H - - 2008
The color of aqueous solutions obtained by heating carrot (Daucus carota L.) roots in water ("stocks") is different when the thermal treatment is applied with or without exposure to light. CIE L*, a*, and b* scale values of stocks processed for different times were recorded and 4 patterns were initially ...
Shekar Sri N - - 2008
Eumelanin (brown/black melanin) and pheomelanin (red/yellow melanin) in human hair can be quantified using chemical methods or approximated using spectrophotometric methods. Chemical methods consume greater resources, making them less attractive for epidemiological studies. This investigation sought to identify the spectrophotometric measures that best explain the light-dark continuum of hair color ...
Dobrowolski J A - - 2008
Measurements are described on the experimental filters submitted to the Third Optical Thin Film Manufacturing Problem in which the object was to produce multilayers with a measured colorimetric performance that is as close as possible to that specified. The perceived colors of the coating, when illuminated with randomly polarized light ...
Menzel Daniel - - 2008
This experiment investigates the effect of images of differently colored sports cars on the loudness of a simultaneously perceived car sound. Still images of a sports car, colored in red, light green, blue, and dark green, were displayed to subjects during a magnitude estimation task. The sound of an accelerating ...
Butcher Serena Jenelle SJ Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2008
Previous studies have shown that letter repetitions are detected more rapidly when presented bilaterally (one letter in each visual field) than when presented unilaterally (both in the same field) when subjects have to report matches independently of case or font (e.g., Aa). This pattern of results is referred to as ...
Shepherd A J - - 2008
Color contrast describes the influence of one color on the perception of colors in neighboring areas. This study addressed two issues: (1) the accurate representation of the color changes; (ii) the underlying visual mechanisms. Observers matched the hue that was induced in a neutral square when it was set in ...
Pokorny Joel - - 2008
People with normal trichromatic color vision experience variegated hue percepts under dim illuminations where only rod photoreceptors mediate vision. Here, hue perceptions were determined for persons with congenital color vision deficiencies over a wide range of light levels, including very low light levels where rods alone mediate vision. Deuteranomalous trichromats, ...
Hochkirch Axel - - 2008
The question of how phenotypic variation is maintained within populations has long been a central issue in evolutionary biology. Most of these studies focused on the maintenance of genetic variability, but the phenotype of organisms may also be influenced by environmental cues experienced during ontogeny. Color polymorphism has received particular ...
Dain Stephen J - - 2008
The hypotheses of a visual basis to reading disabilities in some children have centered around deficits in the visual processes displaying more transient responses to stimuli although hyperactivity in the visual processes displaying sustained responses to stimuli has also been proposed as a mechanism. In addition, there is clear evidence ...
Shevell Steven K SK Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2008
The Rayleigh match, a color match between a mixture of 545+670 nm lights and 589 nm light in modern instruments, is the definitive measurement for the diagnosis of inherited red-green color defects. All trichromats, whether normal or anomalous, have a limited range of 545+670 nm mixtures they perceive to match ...
Mäthger Lydia M - - 2008
The camouflaging abilities of cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) are remarkable and well known. It is commonly believed that cuttlefish-although color blind-actively match various colors of their immediate surroundings, yet no quantitative data support this notion. We assembled several natural substrates chosen to evoke the three basic types of camouflaged body patterns ...
Yamasaki Takao - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine a psychophysiological basis for age visual sensitivity to chromatic and achromatic stimuli. METHODS: We investigated the effects of achromatic and four isoluminant color combinations (blue/red, blue/green, green/red, and blue/yellow), luminance ratio changes in color combinations (blue/red; 1:1, 3:4, 4:3) and contrast changes (3 to 100%) on steady-state ...
Komarova Natalia L - - 2008
Investigating the interactions between universal and culturally specific influences on color categorization across individuals and cultures has proven to be a challenge for human color categorization and naming research. The present article simulates the evolution of color lexicons to evaluate the role of two realistic constraints found in the human ...
Knez Igor - - 2008
As a means of extending the significance of findings in experimental psychology and nonvisual psychological lighting research to digital game research, the present study was designed to investigate the impact of warm (reddish) and cool (bluish) simulated illumination in digital game worlds on game users' affect and play performance. In ...
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