Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1246
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Cho Sung Hwan - - 2010
We describe a fluorescent detection technique for a lab-on-a-chip flow cytometer. Fluorescent emission is encoded into a time-dependent signal as a fluorescent cell or bead traverses a waveguide array with integrated spatial filters and color filters. Different from conventional colored filters with well-defined transmission spectral window, the integrated color filters ...
Lindsey D T - - 2010
Although a large body of scientific literature shows that background color and luminance affect color perception, previous measurements of tooth color difference thresholds have not taken the effects of viewing context into account. The present study tested the hypothesis that differences in skin/gingival color influence individuals' judgments of tooth color ...
He Guoxing - - 2010
A model for LED spectra at different drive currents is established. The simulation program of color rendering of a white-light LED cluster is developed according to the principle of additive color mixtures. The program can predict not only the spectral power distribution, chromaticity coordinates, correlated color temperature (CCT), and color ...
Lindsey Delwin T DT Ohio State University, - - 2010
In this article, we report that in visual search, desaturated reddish targets are much easier to find than other desaturated targets, even when perceptual differences between targets and distractors are carefully equated. Observers searched for desaturated targets among mixtures of white and saturated distractors. Reaction times were hundreds of milliseconds ...
Peña-García Antonio - - 2010
This article describes one experiment that studied the influence of Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) on pedestrian detection of turn indicators. An experimental device including one DRL and one turn indicator was used in order to determine Visual Reaction Times (VRT) of 148 observers in different situations involving turn indicator activation. ...
Lim Ho-Nam - - 2010
Color coordinates of translucent esthetic materials measured by traditional spectrophotometers (SP) would deviate from those measured by newly introduced spectroradiometers (SR), which might simulate the clinical viewing condition better. This study aimed to determine the correlations in the SP- and SR-based color coordinates and color differences of all-ceramic materials. Specimens ...
Lev-Yadun Simcha - - 2010
The potential anti-herbivory functions of colorful (red and yellow) autumn leaves received considerable attention in the last decade. The most studied and discussed is the co-evolutionary hypothesis, according to which autumn coloration signals the quality of defense to insects that migrate to the trees in autumn. In addition to classic ...
Bradley Jay C - - 2010
The aims of this study were to assess the utility of digital color sensing to quantify iris color using digital photographs and to determine whether gender or iris color affects the dark-adapted pupil diameter (DAPD). Subjects aged 18-80 years (N = 263) with no eye disease had their right DAPD ...
Maeda Kiyohiro - - 2010
Metacontrast is a visual illusion in which the visibility of a target stimulus is virtually lost when immediately followed by a nonoverlapping mask stimulus. For a colored target, metacontrast is color-selective, with target visibility markedly reduced when the mask and target are the same color, but only slightly reduced when ...
Cao Linyou - - 2010
Empowering silicon (Si) with optical functions constitutes a very important challenge in photonics. The scalable fabrication capabilities for this earth-abundant, environmentally friendly material are unmatched in sophistication and can be unleashed to realize a plethora of high-performance photonic functionalities that find application in information, bio-, display, camouflage, ornamental, and energy ...
Chen Lei - - 2010
Instead of developing a novel red phosphor individually, this work proposes the production of white light by combining a near-ultraviolet/ultraviolet diode chip with blue and special yellow phosphors: the yellow phosphor includes the red and green components with high color saturation. The availability of this scheme is demonstrated by preparing ...
Tsofe Avital - - 2010
Vasarely's 'nested-squares' illusion is the perception of a glowing "X" along the diagonals of concentric squares with a luminance gradient. We present here the chromatic Vasarely effect, where the concentric angles have a chromatic gradient, under iso-brightness conditions. The strength of the effect was tested psychophysically by two measures, the ...
Norrsell Ulf - - 2010
Frithiof Holmgren was a nineteenth-century Swedish professor of physiology who, after a sabbatical year at Helmholtz's laboratory in Heidelberg, devoted himself to studies of color vision and color blindness. Following Blix's successful demonstration of cutaneous receptor specificity by means of point stimulation, he decided to apply an analogous technique for ...
Fuller Rebecca C - - 2010
Coloration and color vision covary with lighting in many taxa. Determining the mechanisms underlying these patterns is difficult because lighting environments can have multiple effects on signaling that occur at multiple timescales. Lighting environments can (1) immediately affect signal propagation and transmission, which determine the radiance spectrum reaching the receiver; ...
Jacot Alain - - 2010
Carotenoid-based yellowish to red plumage colors are widespread visual signals used in sexual and social communication. To understand their ultimate signaling functions, it is important to identify the proximate mechanism promoting variation in coloration. Carotenoid-based colors combine structural and pigmentary components, but the importance of the contribution of structural components ...
Lin Ku Chin - - 2010
The general CIE color rendering index (CRI) of light is an important index to evaluate the quality of illumination. However, because of the complexity in measurement of the rendering ability under designated constraints, an approach for general mathematical formulation and global optimization of the rendering ability of light emitting diode ...
Sanmartín P - - 2010
Previous studies have provided evidence that color measurements enable on site quantification of superficial biofilms, thereby avoiding the need for sampling. In the present study, the efficiency of color measurements to evaluate to what extent pigment production is affected by environmental parameters such as light intensity, combined nitrogen and nutrient ...
Aalborg Jenny J Department of Community and Behavioral Health, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado, - - 2010
It has been widely reported that individuals with a light phenotype (ie, light hair color, light base skin color, and propensity to burn) have more nevi and are at greater risk for developing skin cancer. No studies have systematically investigated how phenotypic traits may interact in relation to nevus development. ...
Zanto Theodore P TP Departments of Neurology and Physiology, University of California San Francisco, San Fransisco, CA, - - 2010
Distinct areas within the visual association cortex are specialized for representing specific stimulus features, such as V4 for color and V5/hMT+ for motion. Recent studies have demonstrated that areas associated with attended features exhibit enhanced cortical activity, whereas those associated with ignored features elicit reduced activity. However, the source of ...
Melo Maria J - - 2010
Color is an important component in the perception of beauty and in an artist's original intent when creating a work. Better conservation of our cultural heritage requires detailed knowledge of artwork materials and the complex evolution they have endured over time. Organic dyes have been used from ancient times, and ...
Leclercq Eric - - 2010
The external coloration of fish is a key driver in consumer buying decisions and is typically altered during sexual maturation in salmonids. Farmed Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar L.) exhibiting distinct phenotypes from the typical silver and nuptial coloration were described in terms of sexual development, flesh quality, and skin ...
Mao Zhi-Yong - - 2010
The generation of direct white-light emission of the coexisting valence-varied europium-lanthanum aluminate through substitution of cations into the host and its resultant adjustment of the energy transfer have been presented. With respect to La(0.99-x)Sr(x)AlO(3-delta):Eu(0.01) and La(0.994)Al(1-x)O(3-delta):Eu(0.006), and Mn(x), Li(0.012), the green-light emission positioned at 515 nm plays a key role ...
Salcedo Christian - - 2010
Several Heliconius L. butterflies species form nocturnal aggregations in sites with a particular architecture. Roosts are usually formed under relatively dense vegetation mats where dry vines or branches provide a perch for the night. These sites may last for months. To understand the importance of factors related to the expression ...
Oh Jeong Rok - - 2010
This paper reports the possibility of a facile optical structure to realize a highly efficient monochromatic amber-emitting light-emitting diode (LED) using a powder-based phosphor-converted LED combined with a long-wave pass filter (LWPF). The capping of a blue-reflecting and amber-passing LWPF enhances both the amber emission from the silicate amber phosphor ...
Luque M José - - 2010
PURPOSE: We simulate how subjects with losses in chromatic and achromatic contrast sensitivity perceive colored images by using the spatiochromatic corresponding pair algorithm. METHODS: This is a generalized version of the algorithm by Capilla et al. (J Opt Soc Am (A) 2004;21:176-186) for simulating color perception of color deviant subjects, ...
Stavenga Doekele G - - 2010
The wings of the swordtail butterfly Graphium sarpedon nipponum contain the bile pigment sarpedobilin, which causes blue/green colored wing patches. Locally the bile pigment is combined with the strongly blue-absorbing carotenoid lutein, resulting in green wing patches and thus improving camouflage. In the dorsal forewings, the colored patches lack the ...
Cheon Young Woo - - 2010
Scar color evaluation by clinical physicians has been based on subjective judgments. The purpose of this study was to investigate the application of a novel photographic analysis to produce an objective and quantitative measurement of scar color using the L*a*b* color coordinates. Three plastic surgeons evaluated photos of 207 scars ...
Shevell Steven K - - 2010
Leo M. Hurvich, a renowned figure in the field of human color vision, died on April 25, 2009, at age 98, in New York City. His research brought to the mainstream a theoretical framework for understanding human color perception in terms of underlying opponent-color mechanisms. When most psychologists and virtually ...
Gupta Preeti - - 2010
We investigated influences of optics and surround area on color appearance of defocused, small narrow band photopic lights (1' arc diameter, lambda(max) 510-628 nm) centered within a black annulus and surrounded by a white field. Participants included seven normal trichromats with L- or M-cone biased ratios. We controlled chromatic aberration ...
Spottiswoode Claire N CN Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK. - - 2010
One of the most striking outcomes of coevolution between species is egg mimicry by brood parasitic birds, resulting from rejection behavior by discriminating host parents. Yet, how exactly does a host detect a parasitic egg? Brood parasitism and egg rejection behavior provide a model system for exploring the relative importance ...
Palmer Stephen E - - 2010
Color preference is an important aspect of visual experience, but little is known about why people in general like some colors more than others. Previous research suggested explanations based on biological adaptations [Hurlbert AC, Ling YL (2007) Curr Biol 17:623-625] and color-emotions [Ou L-C, Luo MR, Woodcock A, Wright A ...
Tanabe Hiroki C - - 2011
Benham's top is a rotating black-and-white pattern that fuses to form concentric rings of different colors (Prevost-Fechner-Benham subjective colors [SCs]). The underlying mechanism has been explained as resulting from local retinal cell interactions, yet the cortical processing of this illusion is largely unknown. We used rapid event-related functional magnetic resonance ...
Kosztyán Zsolt T - - 2010
For colorimetric imaging the tristimulus technique is still the best practical method to keep the measurement time within reasonable limits. However, the achievable color measurement uncertainties for special sources can be large. It is described how the systematic errors can be significantly reduced by using matrix-based color corrections and how ...
Lingham-Soliar Theagarten - - 2010
Preserved skin of small dinosaurs is rare. Here, a specimen of the ceratopsian dinosaur, Psittacosaurus, presents some of the best preserved epidermal scales observed to date in a relatively small dinosaur, over wide areas extending from the head to the tail. We study the preserved epidermis of SMF R 4970, ...
Lim Young Jin - - 2010
All conventional viewing angle switchable liquid crystal displays with pixel division have drawback in light efficiency because the sub-pixel that controls viewing angle does not transmit the incident light at normal direction. In this paper, we propose new viewing angle controllable homogeneously aligned liquid crystal display in which the pixel ...
Rosu Dan - - 2010
The effect of UV-visible light irradiation on the changes in color and chemical composition of the surfaces of Abies alba L. (fir, a softwood), non-modified and chemically modified, was studied. Chemical modification of the wood was performed by reaction with succinic anhydride in xylene at different concentration values. The wood ...
Almasi B - - 2010
Sexual selection theory posits that ornaments can signal the genetic quality of an individual. Eumelanin-based coloration is such an ornament and can signal the ability to cope with a physiological stress response because the melanocortin system regulates eumelanogenesis as well as physiological stress responses. In the present article, we experimentally ...
Snyder Adam C AC Program in Cognitive Neuroscience, Departments of Psychology and Biology, City College of the City University of New York, New York, New York 10031, - - 2010
Retinotopically specific increases in alpha-band ( approximately 10 Hz) oscillatory power have been strongly implicated in the suppression of processing for irrelevant parts of the visual field during the deployment of visuospatial attention. Here, we asked whether this alpha suppression mechanism also plays a role in the nonspatial anticipatory biasing ...
Ma Ji - - 2010
A light-driven nanoscale chiral molecular switch was found to impart its chirality to an achiral liquid crystal host to form a self-organized, optically tunable helical superstructure capable of fast and reversible phototuning of the structural reflection across the entire visible region.
Bimler David - - 2010
Even when two rapidly alternating color stimuli are equated in luminance, the flicker between them is not always zero. By one hypothesis this residual chromatic flicker is tritanopic, like edge distinctness: dependent purely on L- and M-cone stimulation, with no contribution from S-cones. Judgments of flicker intensity between pairs of ...
Ao Mingxin - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate photopic and mesopic color discrimination in patients with different types of light-filtering intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: Peking University Third Hospital, Peking University Eye Center, Beijing, China. METHODS: Cataract patients with different types of IOLs were enrolled 3 months postoperatively. Overall and partial color discrimination under photopic (1000 ...
Schreuder Michael A - - 2010
We report white light-emitting diodes fabricated with ultrasmall CdSe nanocrystals, which demonstrate electroluminescence from a size of nanocrystals (<2 nm) previously thought to be unattainable. These LEDs have excellent color characteristics, defined by their pure white CIE color coordinates (0.333, 0.333), correlated color temperatures of 5461-6007 K, and color rendering ...
Barrett Julie A - - 2010
Current protocols for examining hair do not attempt to differentiate hair color using instrumental analysis. In this study, hair samples treated with 55 different red hair dyes were analyzed using UV-visible microspectrophotometry between 200 and 700 nm. Using air as a background reference gave the best results, although mounting media ...
Li Quanguo - - 2010
For as long as dinosaurs have been known to exist, there has been speculation about their appearance. Fossil feathers can preserve the morphology of color-imparting melanosomes, which allow color patterns in feathered dinosaurs to be reconstructed. Here, we have mapped feather color patterns in a Late Jurassic basal paravian theropod ...
Kuehni Rolf G - - 2010
Reported are results of an experiment involving perceptual assessment of very large color differences using samples representing approximate mean Hering opponent generic unique hues (guHs) based on subject selections, intermediate hues (iHs) using Munsell samples intermediate between guHs, and pairings of both guHs and iHs with a neutral gray. Sample ...
Zukauskas Art?ras - - 2010
Spectral power distribution of trichromatic clusters of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) was optimized for rendering the highest number of colors with a perceptually noticeable gain in chroma (color saturation) out of 1269 Munsell samples. The basic tradeoffs of the number of colors rendered with increased saturation with the number of colors ...
Stilp Christian E CE University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA. - - 2010
Brief experience with reliable spectral characteristics of a listening context can markedly alter perception of subsequent speech sounds, and parallels have been drawn between auditory compensation for listening context and visual color constancy. In order to better evaluate such an analogy, the generality of acoustic context effects for sounds with ...
Wasilewski Mariana de Souza Ara?jo Mde - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of cigarette smoke and whiskey on the color stability of resin composites. METHODS: Disk-shaped specimens (8 mm x 1 mm) were prepared with five composites in two different shades (n=10). After light-curing, the specimens were stored in dark containers with artificial saliva at 37 degrees ...
Legagneux Pierre - - 2010
Growing empirical evidence supports the hypothesis of male mate choice for female ornaments which are thought to reflect individual quality and future breeding ability. While structural colors are clearly used in mate choice and pairing, the condition dependence of such traits is less obvious, particularly in females. We present spectral ...
Teerasong S - - 2010
This work presents a new sequential injection analysis (SIA) method and a module for simultaneous and real-time monitoring of three key parameters for the beverage industry, i.e., the sugar content (measured in Brix), color and dissolved CO(2). Detection of the light reflection at the liquid interface (the schlieren effect) of ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >