Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1166
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Marcellin-Little Denis J DJ Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, NCSU CVM VHC #2563, 1052 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC 27607-4065, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Exoprostheses are devices that are secured to incomplete limbs to enable locomotion. By comparison, orthoses are devices externally applied to support or protect an injured body part. Orthoses also can be used to control, guide, protect, limit motion of, or immobilize an extremity, a joint, or a body segment. Exoprostheses ...
D'Amour Sarah - - 2014
To accurately interpret tactile information, the brain needs to have an accurate representation of the body to which to refer the sensations. Despite this, body representation has only recently been incorporated into the study of tactile perception. Here, we investigate whether distortions of body representation affect tactile sensations. We perceptually ...
Kageyama Masahiro M Graduate School of Physical Education, National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya , Kagoshima, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to clarify differences in the kinematic and kinetic profiles of the trunk and lower extremities during baseball pitching in collegiate baseball pitchers, in relation to differences in the pitched ball velocity. The subjects were 30 collegiate baseball pitchers aged 18 to 22 yrs, who ...
Longhi Elena E University of - - 2014
The development of human body perception has long been investigated, but little is known about its early origins. This study focused on how a body part highly relevant to the human species, namely the hand, is perceived a few days after birth. Using a preferential-looking paradigm, 24- to 48-hr-old newborns ...
Sanders Ozell P OP Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether or not startle reactions contribute to the whole body postural responses following sudden freefall in standing humans. Nine healthy participants stood atop a moveable platform and received externally-triggered (EXT) and selftriggered (SLF) drop perturbations of the support surface. Electromyographic (EMG) ...
Levy Keren K Department of Life Sciences, Eilat Campus, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel - - 2014
Mate choice is an important ecological behavior in fish, and is often based on visual cues of body patterns. The Crown Butterfly fish Chaetodon paucifasciatus (Chaetodontidae) is a monogamist, territorial species; it swims in close proximity to its partner throughout most of its life. This species is characterized by a ...
Asai Tomohisa T Human Information Science Laboratory, NTT Communication Science Laboratories, 3-1, Morinosato-Wakamiya, Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa-ken, 243-0198, Japan, - - 2014
The sense of body-ownership involves the integration of vision and somatosensation. In the rubber hand illusion (RHI), watching a rubber hand being stroked for a short time synchronously as one's own unseen hand is also stroked causes the observers to attribute the rubber hand to their own body. The RHI ...
Banakou Domna D Experimental Virtual Environments for Neuroscience and Technology Laboratory, Department of Personality, Evaluation, and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, and Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, University of Barcelona, 08035 Barcelona, - - 2014
When we carry out an act, we typically attribute the action to ourselves, the sense of agency. Explanations for agency include conscious prior intention to act, followed by observation of the sensory consequences; brain activity that involves the feed-forward prediction of the consequences combined with rapid inverse motor prediction to ...
Hochstein Stefan S Department of Motion Science, Institute of Sport Science, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Human swimmers use undulatory motions similar to fish locomotion to attain high speeds. The human body is a non-smooth multi-body linkage system with restricted flexibility and is not primarily adapted to motion in the water. Due to anatomical limitations, the human swimmer is forced to deviate from the symmetric fish-like ...
Baranoff Etienne E School of Chemistry, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT Birmingham, UK. - - 2014
FIrpic is the most investigated bis-cyclometallated iridium complex in particular in the context of organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) because of its attractive sky-blue emission, high emission efficiency, and suitable energy levels. In this Perspective we review the synthesis, structural characterisations, and key properties of this emitter. We also survey ...
Gebo Daniel L DL Department of Anthropology, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, - - 2014
Teilhardina belgica is one of the earliest fossil primates ever recovered and the oldest fossil primate from Europe. As such, this taxon has often been hypothesized as a basal tarsiiform on the basis of its primitive dental formula with four premolars and a simplified molar cusp pattern. Until recently [see ...
Ramsey Dan K DK Department of Health Professions Education, D'Youville College, Buffalo, NY 14201, United States; Department of Exercise Science, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, United - - 2014
Changing stride length during overhand throwing delivery is thought to alter total body and throwing arm linear momentums, thereby altering the proportion of throwing arm momentum relative to the total body. Using a randomized cross-over design, nineteen pitchers (15 collegiate and 4 high school) were assigned to pitch two simulated ...
Cheng Kuangyou B KB Institute of Physical Education, Health, and Leisure Studies, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Balance recovery techniques are useful not only in preventing falls but also in many sports activities. The step strategy plays an important role especially under intense perturbations. However, relatively little is known about the effect of arm swing on stepping balance recovery although considerable arm motions have been observed. The ...
Prigent Elise E Complexité, Innovation et Activités Motrices et Sportives (CIAMS), EA4532, UFR STAPS, University Paris-Sud, 91405, Orsay Cedex, France, - - 2014
To predict where a thrown ball will land, an observer may use visual information about its trajectory. However, in addition, the thrower's body language (i.e., body movement and facial expression) may contain useful information that could be used by the observer to understand intention and emotional state. Here, we investigated ...
Birn-Jeffery Aleksandra V AV Structure and Motion Laboratory, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, - - 2014
Cursorial ground birds are paragons of bipedal running that span a 500-fold mass range from quail to ostrich. Here we investigate the task-level control priorities of cursorial birds by analysing how they negotiate single-step obstacles that create a conflict between body stability (attenuating deviations in body motion) and consistent leg ...
Kant Ashima K AK Department of Family, Nutrition, and Exercise Sciences, Queens College of the City University of New York, Flushing, NY - - 2014
In self-reported diets of free living individuals, frequent eating is associated with higher energy intake, yet beliefs about the possible beneficial effect of higher eating frequency for managing body weight persist. Prospective cohort studies and controlled trials of manipulation of eating frequency published by 31 December 2012 were reviewed to ...
Yanohara Ryuzo R Fujita Health University Nanakuri Sanatorium: 424-1 Ohdori, Tsu, Mie 514-1295, - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the recovery process of standing postural control in hemiplegia after stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-four inpatients with hemiparesis after first-onset stroke were included in this study. We measured the center of pressure fluctuations during quiet standing using a force platform at ...
Romano Daniele D Department of Psychology, University of Milan-Bicocca, piazza dell׳Ateneo Nuovo 1, 20126 Milano, - - 2014
The representation of one׳s own body sets the border of the self, but also shapes the space where we interact with external objects. Under particular conditions, such as in the rubber hand illusion external objects can be incorporated in one׳s own body representation, following congruent visuo-tactile stroking of one׳s own ...
Yang Feng F Department of Kinesiology, The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX 79968, - - 2014
Falls are prevalent in older adults. Dynamic stability of body center of mass (COM) is critical for maintaining balance. A simple yet accurate tool to evaluate COM kinematics is essential to examine the COM stability. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the COM position ...
Chemin Baptiste B Institute of Neuroscience, System and Cognition Department, Université Catholique de - - 2014
It is increasingly recognized that motor routines dynamically shape the processing of sensory inflow (e.g., when hand movements are used to feel a texture or identify an object). In the present research, we captured the shaping of auditory perception by movement in humans by taking advantage of a specific context: ...
Doty Richard L RL Smell and Taste Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A number of sensory changes occur in the earliest stages of Parkinson's disease (PD), some of which precede the expression of the classic motor phenotype by years (e.g., olfactory dysfunction). Whether point pressure sensitivity (PPS), a cutaneous measure of light touch mediated by myelinated Aβ fibers, is altered in early ...
Rabets Yegor Y Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
With a simple and versatile microcantilever-based force measurement technique, we have probed the drag forces involved in Caenorhabditis elegans locomotion. As a worm crawls on an agar surface, we found that substrate viscoelasticity introduces nonlinearities in the force-velocity relationships, yielding nonconstant drag coefficients that are not captured by original resistive ...
Torfs Tom - - 2014
A system for noncontact ECG recording is proposed that measures the real time electrode-body capacitance concurrently with the ECG as a reference signal for motion artifact reduction. Simultaneous recordings of these two signals from the human body in the presence of electrode motion artifacts are shown and an adaptive least-mean-squares ...
Varlet Manuel - - 2014
The control of standing body posture is affected by mechanical perturbations, such as motion of the support surface. Postural activity also is responsive to subtle social factors: When 2 people interact there is spontaneous interpersonal coordination of their movements. We asked whether interpersonal postural coordination based on visual contact would ...
Scotto Di Cesare C C Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, ISM UMR 7287, France; Cognitive Neuroscience Department and Cognitive Interaction Technology - Center of Excellence, Bielefeld University, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Interindividual differences influence the multisensory integration process involved in spatial perception. Here, we assessed the effect of visual field dependence on self-tilt detection relative to upright, as a function of static vs. slow changing visual or postural cues. To that aim, we manipulated slow rotations (i.e., 0.05°s(-1)) of the body ...
Jonsson Per M G PM a Occupational and Environmental Medicine , Sahlgrenska University Hospital and Academy, Goteborg University , Goteborg , - - 2014
Bus and seat design may be important for the drivers' whole-body vibration (WBV). WBV exposures in buses during actual operation were assessed. WBV attenuation performance between an air-suspension seat and a static pedestal seat in low-floor buses was compared; there were no differences in WBV attenuation between the seats. Air-suspension ...
Fonseca Cristiane Costa CC 1 Physical Therapy, Body Perception and Movement Research Lab São Judas Tadeu University, São Paulo/SP, - - 2014
Summary.-Ballroom dancing consists in the performance of rhythmic movements guided by music, which provide sensorimotor integration and stimulate feelings. The body schema is the unconscious sensorimotor representation that allows the individual to perceive his anatomical body in space. Comprising tactile, proprioceptive, kinesthetic, and environmental information, it is directly related to ...
Tarabini Marco M a Dipartimento di Meccanica , Politecnico di Milano , via Previati 1/C, 23900 Lecco , - - 2014
This study investigates the whole-body vibration exposure in kite surfing, alpine skiing, snowboarding and cycling. The vibration exposure was experimentally evaluated following the ISO 2631 guidelines. Results evidenced that the most critical axis is the vertical one. The weighted vibration levels are always larger than 2.5 m/s(2) and the vibration dose ...
Finisguerra Alessandra A Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova 16163, - - 2014
Interactions between ourselves and the external world are mediated by a multisensory representation of the space surrounding the body, i.e. the peripersonal space (PPS). In particular, a special interplay is observed among tactile stimuli delivered on a body part, e.g. the hand, and visual or auditory external inputs presented close, ...
Deuter Christian Eric CE Department of Clinical Psychophysiology, University of Trier, Trier, Germany; Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Affective foreground stimulation has a moderating influence on the startle response, unpleasant stimuli potentiate while pleasant stimuli attenuate the response. This effect has been explained by motivational priming: affective stimuli pre-activate the organism for approach or avoidance behavior. However, motivational states may also be induced via proprioceptive feedback by certain ...
Zago Matteo M Laboratory of Movement Analysis, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, - - 2014
Soccer kicking kinematics has received wide interest in literature. However, while the instep-kick has been broadly studied, only few researchers investigated the inside-of-the-foot kick, which is one of the most frequently performed techniques during games. In particular, little knowledge is available about differences in kinematics when kicking with the preferred ...
Adler Dan D Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bodily self-consciousness depends on the processing of interoceptive and exteroceptive signals. It can be disrupted by inducing signal conflicts. Breathing, at the crossroad between interoception and exteroception, should contribute to bodily self-consciousness. We induced visuo-respiratory conflicts in 17 subjects presented with a virtual body or a parallelepidedal object flashing synchronously ...
Dixit Anand S AS Department of Zoology, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong-793022, Meghalaya, India. asdixitnehu@gmail.com asdixitnehu@rediffmail.com ssdrajt@gmail.com - - 2014
We studied the detailed pattern of seasonality in reproduction and the associated functions in the females of migratory yellow breasted bunting (Emberiza aureola) and resident tree sparrow (Passer montanus) under natural and artificial photoperiods. They exhibited seasonal cycles of ovarian development, moult and bill colour under natural photoperiods which were ...
Seáñez-González Ismael I Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA. Sensory Motor and Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, 345 E. Superior St, Suite 1406, Chicago, IL 60611-2654, - - 2014
Objective. We describe a novel human-machine interface for the control of a two-dimensional (2D) computer cursor using four inertial measurement units (IMUs) placed on the user's upper-body. Approach. A calibration paradigm where human subjects follow a cursor with their body as if they were controlling it with their shoulders generates ...
Hassaïne M M Laboratory of Posture and Movement Physiology, University Champollion, place de Verdun, 81000 Albi, France; PRISSMH, University of Toulouse, University Paul Sabatier, 31000 Toulouse, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of table top slope and height on body posture and muscular activity pattern. Twelve asymptomatic participants performed a 5-min reading task while sitting, in six experimental conditions manipulating the table top slope (20° backward slope, no slope) and its height ...
Ko Ji-Hyun JH Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the coordination between center of mass (COM) and center of pressure (COP) could be a candidate collective variable of a dynamical system that captures the organization of the multi-segmental whole body postural control system. We examined the transition of the COM-COP ...
Barr Matthew J MJ 1Center for Exercise and Sports Science Research, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Western Australia, AUSTRALIA 2School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA 3School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Sprinting speed and lower body power are considered to be key physical abilities for rugby players. A method of improving the lower body power of athletes is simulated hypergravity. This method involves wearing a weighted vest at all times during the day for an extended period of time. There are ...
Arias-Martorell Julia J Anthropology Unit, Animal Biology Department, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
"Suspensory locomotion" is an expression that encompasses a series of specialized forms of locomotion that mainly orthograde primates use to achieve below-branch traveling. It implies a number of features in the entire body associated with the use of the forelimb in overhead positions. The glenohumeral joint is one of the ...
Bonnet Cédrick T CT a Laboratoire de Neurosciences Fonctionnelles et Pathologies, CNRS, Universités Lille , France - - 2014
ABSTRACT Medialateral postural control mechanisms (bodyweight distribution and center of pressure location) have been studied in static conditions. Our objective was to determine how these mechanisms are adjusted to perform voluntary movements, in our case 80° lateral gaze shifts at 0.125 Hz and 0.25 Hz. In healthy, young adults, we expected body ...
Wong W Y WY Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, People's Republic of - - 2014
Clothing provides intrinsic ultraviolet (UV) protection that can be improved by colouration. However, the daily wearing condition can undermine the UV protection of coloured clothing wherein garments are stretched by body movement and/or wetted by perspiration of wearers. Knitwear is an indispensable clothing in summer, but its UV protection against ...
MacIntyre Danielle D Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Ave, Windsor, Ontario N9B 3P4, - - 2014
The effects of whole body vibration exposure on the neuromuscular responses following inertial-based trunk perturbations were examined. Kinematic and surface EMG (sEMG) data were collected while subjects were securely seated on a robotic platform. Participants were either exposed to 10min of vibration or not, which was followed by sudden inertial ...
Adler Dan D Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bodily self-consciousness depends on the processing of interoceptive and exteroceptive signals. It can be disrupted by inducing signal conflicts. Breathing, at the crossroad between interoception and exteroception, should contribute to bodily self-consciousness. We induced visuo-respiratory conflicts in 17 subjects presented with a virtual body or a parallelepidedal object flashing synchronously ...
Calabrese Gina M GM Department of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712; - - 2014
Polarization of light, and visual sensitivity to it, is pervasive across aquatic and terrestrial environments. Documentation of invertebrate use of polarized light is widespread from navigation and foraging to species recognition. However, studies demonstrating that polarization body patterning serves as a communication signal (e.g., with evidence of changes in receiver ...
Mansoubi Maedeh M School of Sport, Exercise & Health Sciences, Loughborough University, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To ascertain, through a systematic review, the associations between sedentary behaviour (SB) and physical activity (PA) among adults aged 18-60 years. Studies published in English up to and including June 2013 were located from computerized and manual searches. Studies reporting on at least one measure of SB and an association ...
Mengelkoch Larry J LJ University of Saint Augustine for Health Sciences, 1 University Blvd., Saint Augustine, FL 32086-5799, USA. Tel 904-826-0084 x1255, fax 904-827-0069. - - 2014
Mobility devices for dancers with physical mobility impairments have previously been limited to traditional manual or power wheelchairs. The hands-free torso-controlled mobility chair is a unique powered mobility device which allows greater freedom and expression of movement of the trunk and upper extremities. This study compared differences in energy expenditure ...
Wang Hong-Bin HB School of Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
Electrode configuration is an important issue in the continuous measurement of respiration using impedance pneumography (IP). The robust configuration is usually confirmed by comparing the amplitude of the IP signals acquired with different electrode configurations, while the relative change in waveform and the effects of body posture and respiratory pattern ...
Kim Jemin J a Biomechanics Laboratory, Texas Woman's University , Denton , TX , - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the vertical angular momentum generation strategies used by skilled ballet dancers in pirouette en dehors. Select kinematic parameters of the pirouette preparation (stance depth, vertical center-of-mass motion range, initial shoulder line position, shoulder line angular displacement, and maximum trunk twist angle) along ...
Russell Joshua J Department of Neuroscience; Center for Brain, Behavior & Evolution; Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research, Center for Learning and Memory; The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, - - 2014
While many studies have assayed behavioral responses of animals to chemical, temperature and light gradients, fewer studies have assayed how animals respond to humidity gradients. Our novel humidity chamber has allowed us to study the neuromolecular basis of humidity sensation in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (Russell et al., 2014). We ...
Crane Benjamin T BT Department of Otolaryngology, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 629, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA, - - 2014
The tilt-translation ambiguity occurs because acceleration due to translation cannot be differentiated from gravitational acceleration. Head tilt can occur independent of body tilt which further complicates the problem. The tilt-translation ambiguity is examined for fore-aft (surge) translation with head and/or body orientations that are tilted in pitch 10° forward or ...
Alizadeh-Meghrazi Milad M , Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Objective: Whole body vibration has been studied in populations experiencing neuromuscular degradation, including the elderly and individuals with neurological disorders, but methodological standardization is required to clarify its therapeutic effects. The characteristics of the vibrations actually delivered by commercial platforms are rarely measured or reported. Our objective was to quantify ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >