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Bonnet Cédrick T CT a Laboratoire de Neurosciences Fonctionnelles et Pathologies, CNRS, Universités Lille , France - - 2014
ABSTRACT Medialateral postural control mechanisms (bodyweight distribution and center of pressure location) have been studied in static conditions. Our objective was to determine how these mechanisms are adjusted to perform voluntary movements, in our case 80° lateral gaze shifts at 0.125 Hz and 0.25 Hz. In healthy, young adults, we expected body ...
Wong W Y WY Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, People's Republic of - - 2014
Clothing provides intrinsic ultraviolet (UV) protection that can be improved by colouration. However, the daily wearing condition can undermine the UV protection of coloured clothing wherein garments are stretched by body movement and/or wetted by perspiration of wearers. Knitwear is an indispensable clothing in summer, but its UV protection against ...
Adler Dan D Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bodily self-consciousness depends on the processing of interoceptive and exteroceptive signals. It can be disrupted by inducing signal conflicts. Breathing, at the crossroad between interoception and exteroception, should contribute to bodily self-consciousness. We induced visuo-respiratory conflicts in 17 subjects presented with a virtual body or a parallelepidedal object flashing synchronously ...
Calabrese Gina M GM Department of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712; - - 2014
Polarization of light, and visual sensitivity to it, is pervasive across aquatic and terrestrial environments. Documentation of invertebrate use of polarized light is widespread from navigation and foraging to species recognition. However, studies demonstrating that polarization body patterning serves as a communication signal (e.g., with evidence of changes in receiver ...
Mansoubi Maedeh M School of Sport, Exercise & Health Sciences, Loughborough University, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To ascertain, through a systematic review, the associations between sedentary behaviour (SB) and physical activity (PA) among adults aged 18-60 years. Studies published in English up to and including June 2013 were located from computerized and manual searches. Studies reporting on at least one measure of SB and an association ...
Mengelkoch Larry J LJ University of Saint Augustine for Health Sciences, 1 University Blvd., Saint Augustine, FL 32086-5799, USA. Tel 904-826-0084 x1255, fax 904-827-0069. - - 2014
Mobility devices for dancers with physical mobility impairments have previously been limited to traditional manual or power wheelchairs. The hands-free torso-controlled mobility chair is a unique powered mobility device which allows greater freedom and expression of movement of the trunk and upper extremities. This study compared differences in energy expenditure ...
Wang Hong-Bin HB School of Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
Electrode configuration is an important issue in the continuous measurement of respiration using impedance pneumography (IP). The robust configuration is usually confirmed by comparing the amplitude of the IP signals acquired with different electrode configurations, while the relative change in waveform and the effects of body posture and respiratory pattern ...
Russell Joshua J Department of Neuroscience; Center for Brain, Behavior & Evolution; Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research, Center for Learning and Memory; The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, - - 2014
While many studies have assayed behavioral responses of animals to chemical, temperature and light gradients, fewer studies have assayed how animals respond to humidity gradients. Our novel humidity chamber has allowed us to study the neuromolecular basis of humidity sensation in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (Russell et al., 2014). We ...
Crane Benjamin T BT Department of Otolaryngology, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 629, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA, - - 2014
The tilt-translation ambiguity occurs because acceleration due to translation cannot be differentiated from gravitational acceleration. Head tilt can occur independent of body tilt which further complicates the problem. The tilt-translation ambiguity is examined for fore-aft (surge) translation with head and/or body orientations that are tilted in pitch 10° forward or ...
Alizadeh-Meghrazi Milad M , Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Objective: Whole body vibration has been studied in populations experiencing neuromuscular degradation, including the elderly and individuals with neurological disorders, but methodological standardization is required to clarify its therapeutic effects. The characteristics of the vibrations actually delivered by commercial platforms are rarely measured or reported. Our objective was to quantify ...
Gandemer Lennie L LMA, CNRS, UPR 7051, Aix-Marseille Univ, Centrale Marseille, 13402, Marseille, France, - - 2014
Postural control is known to be the result of the integration and processing of various sensory inputs by the central nervous system. Among the various afferent inputs, the role of auditory information in postural regulation has been addressed in relatively few studies, which led to conflicting results. The purpose of ...
van Diest Mike M INCAS(3), Assen, The Netherlands; Center for Human Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exergames provide a challenging opportunity for home-based training and evaluation of postural control in the elderly population, but affordable sensor technology and algorithms for assessment of whole body movement patterns in the home environment are yet to be developed. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use ...
Havens Kathryn L KL Division of Biokinesiology & Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Quick changes of direction during running (cutting) represent a whole body mechanical challenge, as they require deceleration and translation of the body during ongoing movement. While much is known with respect to whole body demands during walking turns, whole body mechanics and anticipatory adjustments necessary for cutting are unclear. As ...
Arts Remo A G J RA Department of ENT/Head and Neck Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Research on tinnitus suppression by intracochlear electrical stimulation has gained interest over the past few decades and it has become easier to apply since the introduction of cochlear implants (CI). This study attempted to gain more insight into optimal stimulation characteristics for tinnitus suppression. Eleven subjects with unilateral CI and ...
Evangelista Dennis D http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6565-8300 Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Department of Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA - - 2014
Mechanisms of aerial righting in juvenile chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar) were studied from hatching to 14 days-post-hatching (dph). Asymmetric movements of the wings were used from 1 to 8 dph to effect progressively more successful righting behaviour via body roll. Following 8 dph, wing motions transitioned to bilaterally symmetric flapping ...
Rahman Mostafeezur M Department of Diagnostic and Biological Sciences, University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, Moos Tower 18-186, 515 Delaware St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cornea-evoked eyeblinks maintain tear film integrity on the ocular surface in response to dryness and protect the eye from real or potential damage. Eyelid movement following electrical stimulation has been well studied in humans and animals; however, the central neural pathways that mediate protective eyeblinks following natural nociceptive signals are ...
Rollins Mark D MD From the Departments of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care and Surgery (M.D.R.), Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care (J.R.F.), Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care (M.L.), University of California, San Francisco, California; Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Fresno, California (J.M.L.); and Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Diego, California - - 2014
The pupillary light reflex is a critical component of the neurologic examination, yet whether it is present, depressed, or absent is unknown in patients with significant opioid toxicity. Although opioids produce miosis by activating the pupillary sphincter muscle, these agents may induce significant hypercarbia and hypoxia, causing pupillary constriction to ...
Morales-Quezada Leon L aSpaulding Neuromodulation Center, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA bSchool of Health Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, - - 2014
Defining optimal parameters for stimulation is a critical step in the development of noninvasive neuromodulation techniques. Transcranial pulsed current stimulation (tPCS) is emerging as another option in the field of neuromodulation; however, little is known about its mechanistic effects on electrical brain activity and how it can modulate its oscillatory ...
Chiang Chia-Chu CC Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2014
Electrical high frequency stimulation (HFS) has been shown to suppress seizures. However, the mechanisms of seizure suppression remain unclear and techniques for blocking specific neuronal populations are required. The goal is to study the optical HFS protocol on seizures as well as the underlying mechanisms relevant to the HFS-mediated seizure ...
Yan Hugen H IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598, United - - 2014
In the phenomenon of plasmon-induced transparency, which is a classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in atomic gases, the coherent interference between two plasmon modes results in an optical transparency window in a broad absorption spectrum. With the requirement of contrasting lifetimes, typically one of the plasmon modes involved ...
Quandt Gabriele - - 2014
Inhibition of mGAT1, the most abundant GABA transporter in the brain, enhances GABA signaling and alleviates symptoms of CNS disorders such as epilepsy assumed to be associated with low GABA levels. We have now developed a potent and subtype selective photoswitchable inhibitor of this transporter which for the first time ...
Lu Ying-Jie - - 2014
ZnO p-n homojunction light-emitting devices (LEDs) have been fabricated, and by introducing a p-type GaN as the hole-injection layer, the output power of the LEDs can reach 18.5 μW when the drive current is 60 mA, which is almost three orders of magnitude larger than the pristine LEDs without the ...
Maximino Caio C Departamento de Morfologia e Ciências Fisiológicas, Universidade do Estado do Pará, Marabá, PA, Brazil; Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Alarm reactions to a substance secreted by the damaged skin of conspecifics and closely-related species are increasingly being recognized as fear-like responses in fish. The neurochemical underpinnings of these effects are so far unknown; however, given the role of the serotonergic system on defensive behavior, it is possible that the ...
Feinkohl Arne A Cluster of Excellence Hearing4all, Animal Physiology and Behaviour Group, Department for Neuroscience, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Oldenburg, D-26111 Oldenburg, Germany - - 2014
"Representational Momentum" (RM) is a mislocalization of the endpoint of a moving target in the direction of motion. In vision, RM has been shown to increase with target velocity. In audition, however, the effect of target velocity is unclear. Using a perceptual paradigm with moving broadband noise targets in Virtual ...
Cheng Min-Chi - - 2014
By up-shifting the relaxation oscillation peak and suppressing its relative intensity noise in a weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diode (WRC-FPLD) under intense injection-locking, the directly modulated transmission of optical 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) data-stream is demonstrated. The total bit rate of up to 20 Gbit/s ...
Zhang Tian-Zi TZ Department of Ophthalmology, Second Hospital of JiLin University, ChangChun, China; Affiliated Hospital of Inner MongonliaUniversity For the Nationalities, Inner Mongonlia, - - 2014
Autophagy, a conserved cellular self-degradation process, not only serves to protect cells at critical times during development and nutrient stress, but also contributes to cell death. Photoreceptor cells are unique neurons which when directly exposed to the light, transduces light stimuli into visual signal. However, intense light exposure can be ...
Tse Dennis Y DY Cullen Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A remarkable feature of neuronal glutamate transporters (EAATs) is their dual functions of classical carriers and ligand-gated chloride (CI(-)) channels. CI(-) conductance is rapidly activated by glutamate in subtype EAAT5, which mediates light responses in depolarizing bipolar cells (DBC) in retinae of lower vertebrates. In this study, we examine whether ...
Tejeda Hugo A HA Synaptic Plasticity Section, Cellular Neurobiology Research Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Baltimore, MD 21224, - - 2014
Excessive sun tanning can result in addictive behavior. In this issue of Cell, Fell et al. utilize a combination of behavioral pharmacology and transgenic mice to demonstrate that chronic UV light exposure recruits p53 signaling in keratinocytes, subsequently increasing β-endorphin signaling at opioid receptors, and produces an endogenous opioid-dependent state.
Ozturk Murat M Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli University, KBB Anabilim Dali, Umuttepe, 41380 Kocaeli, - - 2014
Alprazolam, a widely used drug, has widespread, nonspecific depressant effects on the central nervous system, similar to other benzodiazepines. This inhibitor effect may cause changes in reflex thresholds by affecting the acoustic stapedial reflex (ASR) arc. This study was performed on 31 healthy volunteers. Initially, the basal ASR thresholds were ...
Guffey J Stephen JS J. Stephen Guffey, PT, EdD, is an Associate Professor of Physical Therapy; William Payne, MS, ASCP(MT), is an Assistant Professor of Clinical Laboratory Science; Leslie James, BS, is a Doctor of Physical Therapy Student; Zhuoyuan Qian, BS, is a Doctor of Physical Therapy Student; and Carly Dodson is a Clinical Laboratory Science Student; all at Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, Arkansas. Dr Guffey has disclosed that he is a consultant for Dynatronics Corporation. The coauthors have disclosed that they have no financial relationships related to this - - 2014
To determine the potential for visible light (405 or 624 nm) to produce an inhibitory effect on Candida albicans. In addition, the study sought to evaluate a series of doses in terms of their respective inhibiting capabilities. The authors have studied the effect of blue light on Staphylococcus aureus and ...
Jung Wonsug W *Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Gachon University, Inchon, Korea; †Division in Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Department of Oral Biology, BK21 PLUS Project, Human Identification Center, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea; ‡Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health and Welfare, Woosong University, Daejeon, Korea; §Department of Anatomy, Department of Oral Anatomy, Dankook University College of Dentistry, Cheonan, - - 2014
The middle temporal vein (MTV) traverses the temporal fossa between the superficial and deep layers of the deep temporal fascia. During filler injection into a deficient temporal fossa, filling agents may be inadvertently injected into the MTV, which results in vascular complications. To investigate the course of the MTV to ...
Nakajima Takahito - - 2014
Photoimmunotherapy (PIT) is a highly cell-selective cancer therapy, which employs monoclonal antibodies conjugated to a potent photosensitizer (mAb-IR700). Once the conjugate has bound to the target cell, exposure to near infrared (NIR) light induces necrosis only in targeted cells with minimal damage to adjacent normal cells in vivo. Herein, we ...
Christie John J a Psychology and Neuroscience, Dalhousie University , Halifax , NS , - - 2014
Christie and Klein [2005. Does attention cause illusory line motion? Perception & Psychophysics, 67(6), 1032-1043] published line motion ratings consistent with illusory line motion (ILM) after peripheral endogenous cues but not central arrow cues. When attention was directed endogenously on the basis of the shape of one of two peripherally ...
Delgado Ricardo R Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Chile, 7800024 Santiago, Chile, Biotechnology Center D. Alkalay L., Technical University Federico Santa María, 2340000 Valparaíso, Chile, and Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, 14776 Potsdam, - - 2014
Drosophila light-dependent channels, TRP and TRPL, reside in the light-sensitive microvilli of the photoreceptor's rhabdomere. Phospholipase C mediates TRP/TRPL opening, but the gating process remains unknown. Controversial evidence has suggested diacylglycerol (DAG), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs, a DAG metabolite), phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PIP2), and H(+) as possible channel activators. We tested ...
Xu Yameng - - 2014
An asymmetric directional coupler scheme for the efficient injection of light into slow light slot photonic crystal waveguide modes is proposed and investigated using finite-difference time-domain simulation. Coupling wavelengths can be flexibly controlled by the geometrical parameters of a side-coupled subwavelength corrugated strip waveguide. This approach leads to a ~1dB ...
Hisatomi Osamu O Osaka University, - - 2014
Aureochrome-1 (AUREO1) is a blue light (BL) receptor that mediates the branching response in stramenopile alga, Vaucheria frigida. AUREO1 contains a basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain in the central region and a light-oxygen-voltage-sensing (LOV) domain at the C-terminus, and has been suggested to function as a light-regulated transcription factor. We ...
Nishimura Takayuki - - 2014
Previous reports have shown that higher altitudes can alter human perception. We add further evidence to this claim, describing a new finding in which higher altitudes inhibit the perception of illusory self-motion, i.e., vection. We compared vection strength under both normal and high altitude (hypobaric hypoxia) conditions. In the high ...
Tsakmakidis Kosmas L KL Blackett Laboratory, Department of Physics, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, United - - 2014
We introduce a scheme where a time-dependent source excites "complex-frequency" modes in uniform plasmonic heterostructures, enabling complete and dispersionless stopping of light pulses, resilient to realistic levels of dissipative, radiative, and surface-roughness losses. Using transparent conducting oxides at telecommunication wavelengths we show how, without increasing optical losses, multiple light pulses ...
Jayaswal G - - 2014
Weak measurements have recently allowed for the observation of the spin-Hall effect of light in reflection or transmission, which is a spin-dependent light beam shift orthogonal to the plane of incidence. We report here the observation of the Imbert-Fedorov (IF) shift via a weak value amplification scheme. The IF effect ...
Chen Horng-Shyang - - 2014
A reverse-biased voltage is applied to either device in the vertical configuration of two light-emitting diodes (LEDs) grown on patterned and flat Si (110) substrates with weak and strong quantum-confined Stark effects (QCSEs), respectively, in the InGaN/GaN quantum wells for independently controlling the applied voltage across and the injection current ...
Guaraldi Pietro P IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna , Bologna , Italy - - 2014
Circadian rhythms were recently proposed as a measure of physiological state and prognosis in disorders of consciousness (DOC). So far, melatonin regulation was never assessed in vegetative state (VS). Aim of our research was to investigate the nocturnal melatonin levels and light-induced melatonin suppression in a cohort of VS patients. ...
Wietek Jonas J Institute for Biology, Experimental Biophysics, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, D-10115 Berlin, - - 2014
The field of optogenetics utilizes channelrhodopsins (ChRs) for light-induced neuronal activation. Optimized tools for cellular inhibition at moderate light levels are however lacking. We found that replacement of E90 in the central gate of ChR with positively charged residues produces chloride-conducting ChRs (ChloCs) with only negligible cation conductance. Molecular dynamics ...
Otsmane Belkacem B The Mediterranean Institute of Neurobiology, Inmed, Marseille, - - 2014
A receptor-ligand interaction can evoke a broad range of biological activities in different cell types depending on receptor identity and cell-type-specific post-receptor signaling intermediates. Here, we show that the TNF family member LIGHT, known to act as a death-triggering factor in motoneurons through LT-βR, can also promote axon outgrowth and ...
Sharkhuu Altanbadralt A Department of Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, 23955-6900, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, 47907, West Lafayette, Indiana, - - 2014
Glyphosate is a widely applied broad-spectrum systemic herbicide that competitively inhibits the penultimate enzyme, 5-Enolpyruvylshikimate 3-Phosphate Synthase (EPSPS), of the shikimate pathway thereby causing deleterious effects. A glyphosate resistant Arabidopsis mutant (gre1) was isolated and genetic analyses indicated a dysfunctional red (R) and far-red (FR) light receptor, phytochrome B (phyB), ...
Narimatsu Toshio T Laboratory of Retinal Cell Biology; Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, - - 2014
Exposure to light contributes to the development and progression of retinal degenerative diseases. However, the mechanisms underlying light-induced tissue damage are not fully understood. Here, we examined the role of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) signaling, which is part of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), in light-induced retinal damage. Light-exposed ...
Marshak Tal T Unit of Otoneurology, Lin Medical Center, Haifa, - - 2014
To examine the role of intratympanic Dexamethasone (ITD) in the prevention of Cisplatin-induced hearing loss. Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial. Tertiary referral center. Twenty-six patients suffering from a neoplastic disease for which the treatment protocol included Cisplatin were recruited. Prior to each Cisplatin treatment session ITD was injected to the ...
Beiert Thomas T Institute of Physiology I, Life & Brain Center, University of Bonn, - - 2014
Investigation of Gq-signaling with pharmacological agonists of Gq-coupled receptors lacks spatio-temporal precision. The aim of this study was to establish melanopsin, a light-sensitive Gq-coupled receptor, as a new tool for the investigation of spatial and temporal effects of Gq-stimulation on pacemaking in cardiomyocytes at an early developmental stage.Methods and ResultsA ...
Abramian Miganoosh M Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
Objective. In this study we investigated the feasibility of quasi-monopolar (QMP) electrical stimulation for retinal implant devices, using a computational model of the retinal ganglion cell layer. Approach. When used with hexagonally arrayed multiple electrodes, QMP stimulation is a hybrid of hexapolar and conventional monopolar stimulus modes. In hexapolar mode, ...
Lindsay Jonathan H JH Department of Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, - - 2014
Ethanol (EtOH) triggers cellular adaptations that induce tolerance in many brain areas, including the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the site of the master circadian clock. EtOH inhibits light-induced phase shifts in the SCN in vivo and glutamate-induced phase shifts in vitro. The in vitro phase shifts develop acute tolerance to EtOH, ...
Zheng Yan Y Department of Military Hygiene, Faculty of Naval Medicine, Second Military Medical University, 800 Xiang Yin Road, Shanghai, China; Department of Nutrition, Tong Ren Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, 1111 Xian Xia Road, Shanghai, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Low-dose dexamethasone has been widely used for the prevention of nausea and vomiting after chemotherapy and surgical procedures and to treat motion sickness due to its minimal adverse effects, but the mechanisms underlying its anti-motion sickness effects are poorly understood. Previous studies have demonstrated that the endocannabinoid system is suppressed ...
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