Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1324
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Zhang Yongqiang - - 2010
In this study, the effects of sucrose on hypocotyl elongation of Arabidopsis seedlings in light and in dark were investigated. Sucrose suppressed the hypocotyl elongation of Arabidopsis seedlings in light, but stimulated elongation in dark. Application of paclobutrazol (PAC, a gibberellin biosynthesis inhibitor) impaired the effects of sucrose on hypocotyl ...
Scheerer Patrick - - 2010
Recombinant phytochromes Agp1 and Agp2 from Agrobacterium tumefaciens are used as model phytochromes for biochemical and biophysical studies. In biliverdin binding phytochromes the site for covalent attachment of the chromophore lies in the N-terminal region of the protein, different from plant phytochromes. The issue which stereochemistry the chromophore adopts in ...
Rockwell Nathan C NC Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2010
Photosensory proteins enable living things to detect the quantity and quality of the light environment and to transduce that physical signal into biochemical outputs which entrain their metabolism with the ambient light environment. Phytochromes, which photoconvert between red-absorbing P(r) and far-red-absorbing P(fr) states, are the most extensively studied of these ...
Bongards Christian - - 2010
In plants and bacteria, phytochromes serve as light-inducible, red-/far-red light sensitive photoreceptors that control a wide range of photomorphogenetic processes. Phytochromes comprise a protein moiety and a covalently bound bilin chromophore. Bilins are open-chain tetrapyrrole compounds that derive biosynthetically from ubiquitous porphyrins. The investigations of phytochromes reveal that precise interactions ...
Hirose Yuu - - 2010
Responding to green and red light, certain cyanobacteria change the composition of their light-harvesting pigments, phycoerythrin (PE) and phycocyanin (PC). Although this phenomenon-complementary chromatic adaptation-is well known, the green light-sensing mechanism for PE accumulation is unclear. The filamentous cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme ATCC 29133 (N. punctiforme) regulates PE synthesis in response ...
Li Meng - - 2010
Bacteriophytochromes (Bphs) are photoreceptors that help bacteria sense changes in light wavelength and intensity. Bphs contain a linear tetrapyrrole chromophore that, upon absorption of red or far-red light, undergoes a cis-trans isomerization that leads to a conformational change in the holoprotein. The conformation and type of Bph affects the expression ...
Robson Frances - - 2010
Jasmonate (JA) activates plant defense, promotes pollen maturation, and suppresses plant growth. An emerging theme in JA biology is its involvement in light responses; here, we examine the interdependence of the JA- and light-signaling pathways in Arabidopsis thaliana. We demonstrate that mutants deficient in JA biosynthesis and signaling are deficient ...
Girault Tiffanie - - 2010
Bud burst in certain species is conditioned by the luminous environment. With roses, the requirement for light is absolute, and darkness totally inhibits bud burst. Few studies have looked into understanding the action of light on the physiological bud burst processes. Here, we show the impact of light on certain ...
Nelson David C - - 2010
Karrikins are a class of seed germination stimulants identified in smoke from wildfires. Microarray analysis of imbibed Arabidopsis thaliana seeds was performed to identify transcriptional responses to KAR(1) before germination. A small set of genes that are regulated by KAR(1), even when germination is prevented by the absence of gibberellin ...
Kozarewa Iwanka - - 2010
In many temperate woody species, dormancy is induced by short photoperiods. Earlier studies have shown that the photoreceptor phytochrome A (phyA) promotes growth. Specifically, Populus plants that over-express the oat PHYA gene (oatPHYAox) show daylength-independent growth and do not become dormant. However, we show that oatPHYAox plants could be induced ...
Olsen Jorunn E - - 2010
In woody species cycling between growth and dormancy must be precisely synchronized with the seasonal climatic variations. Cessation of apical growth, resulting from exposure to short photoperiod (SD) and altered light quality, is gating the chain of events resulting in bud dormancy and cold hardiness. The relative importance of these ...
Kyndt John A - - 2010
Ppr is a unique bacteriophytochrome that bleaches rather than forming a far-red-shifted Pfr state upon red light activation. Ppr is also unusual in that it has a blue light photoreceptor domain, PYP, which is N-terminally fused to the bacteriophytochrome domain (Bph). When both photoreceptors are activated by light, the fast ...
van Zanten Martijn - - 2010
Plants can respond quickly and profoundly to changes in their environment. Several species, including Arabidopsis thaliana, are capable of differential petiole growth driven upward leaf movement (hyponastic growth) to escape from detrimental environmental conditions. Recently, we demonstrated that the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like Ser/Thr kinase gene ERECTA, explains a major effect ...
Tsuchida-Mayama Tomoko - - 2010
Unilateral blue-light irradiation activates phototropin (phot) photoreceptors, resulting in asymmetric distribution of the phytohormone auxin and induction of a phototropic response in higher plants. Other photoreceptors, including phytochrome (phy) and cryptochrome (cry), have been proposed as modulators of phototropic responses. We show here that either phy or cry is required ...
Strasser Bárbara - - 2010
Plants use light as a source of energy for photosynthesis and as a source of environmental information perceived by photoreceptors. Testing whether plants can complete their cycle if light provides energy but no information about the environment requires a plant devoid of phytochromes because all photosynthetically active wavelengths activate phytochromes. ...
Morishige Tomohiro - - 2010
The cytokine LIGHT is a promising candidate for cancer therapy. However, the therapeutic effect of LIGHT as a systemic anticancer agent is currently insufficient because of its instability and its binding to nonfunctional soluble decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), which is overexpressed in various tumors. Modification of proteins with polyethylene glycol ...
Badri Dayakar V - - 2010
Root-secreted phytochemicals mediate multiple interactions in the rhizosphere. The root exudation process can be altered by various biotic factors, including pathogenic and non-pathogenic microbes, and abiotic factors like temperature and soil moisture. It has been suggested that root secretion of specific flavonoids is influenced by diurnal rhythms (by light or ...
Meinecke Linda - - 2010
Two Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mutants defective in CHLM encoding Mg-protoporphyrin IX methyltransferase (MgPMT) were identified. The mutants, one with a missense mutation (chlM-1) and a second mutant with a splicing defect (chlM-2), do not accumulate chlorophyll, are yellow in the dark and dim light, and their growth is inhibited at higher ...
M?ller Werner E G - - 2010
Based on the light-reactive behavior of siliceous sponges, their intriguing quartz glass-based spicular system and the existence of a light-generating luciferase [M?ller WEG et al. (2009) Cell Mol Life Sci 66, 537-552], a protein potentially involved in light reception has been identified, cloned and recombinantly expressed from the demosponge Suberites ...
Vandenbussche Filip - - 2010
Dark-grown dicotyledonous seedlings form a hook-like structure at the top of the hypocotyl, which is controlled by the hormones auxin and ethylene. Hook formation is dependent on an auxin signal gradient, whereas hook exaggeration is part of the triple response provoked by ethylene in dark-grown Arabidopsis seedlings. Several other hormones ...
Morishige Tomohiro - - 2010
The cytokine LIGHT activates various anti-tumor functions through its two receptors, lymphotoxin beta receptor (LTbetaR) and herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM), and is expected to be a promising candidate for cancer therapy. However, LIGHT is also trapped by decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), which is highly expressed in various tumors. Here, ...
Ermilova Elena V - - 2010
The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is able to take up methylammonium/ammonium from the medium at different stages of its sexual life cycle. Vegetative cells and pre-gametes mostly used a low-affinity system (LATS) component, but gametes obtained after light treatment of N-deprived pre-gametes expressed both LATS and high-affinity system (HATS) ...
Wu Guosheng - - 2010
During seedling establishment, blue and red light suppress hypocotyl growth through the cryptochrome 1 (cry1) and phytochrome B (phyB) photosensory pathways, respectively. How these photosensory pathways integrate with growth control mechanisms to achieve the appropriate degree of stem elongation was investigated by combining cry1 and phyB photoreceptor mutations with genetic ...
Ulijasz Andrew T AT Department of Genetics and, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 2010
Phytochromes are a collection of bilin-containing photoreceptors that regulate numerous photoresponses in plants and microorganisms through their ability to photointerconvert between a red-light-absorbing, ground state (Pr) and a far-red-light-absorbing, photoactivated state (Pfr). Although the structures of several phytochromes as Pr have been determined, little is known about the structure of ...
Popov Vasily N - - 2010
The effect of light on succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity and mRNA content was studied in Arabidopsis thaliana plants. The transition from darkness to light caused a short transient increase in the SDH activity followed by a decrease to a half of the original activity. The white or red light were ...
Bhattacharya Sanghita - - 2010
Dynamic stabilization systems are emerging as an alternative to fusion instrumentation. However, cyclic loading and micro-motion at various interfaces may produce wear debris leading to adverse tissue reactions such as osteolysis. Ten million cycles of wear test was performed for PercuDyn™ in axial rotation and the wear profile and the ...
Kretsch Thomas - - 2010
Light is one of the most important exogenous factors regulating plant development throughout the entire life cycle. Light is involved in the breaking of seed dormancy, the regulation of photomorphogenic seedling development, the adaptation of plant morphology toward spectral composition of incident light, and the transition to flowering. Plants have ...
Möglich Andreas A Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA. - - 2010
Signaling photoreceptors use the information contained in the absorption of a photon to modulate biological activity in plants and a wide range of organisms. The fundamental-and as yet imperfectly answered-question is, how is this achieved at the molecular level? We adopt the perspective of biophysicists interested in light-dependent signal transduction ...
Gavriouchkina Daria - - 2010
Numerous responses are triggered by light in the cell. How the light signal is detected and transduced into a cellular response is still an enigma. Each zebrafish cell has the capacity to directly detect light, making this organism particularly suitable for the study of light dependent transcription. To gain insight ...
Bellmann Dennis - - 2010
Olfactory stimulation induces an odor-guided crawling behavior of Drosophila melanogaster larvae characterized by either an attractive or a repellent reaction. In order to understand the underlying processes leading to these orientations we stimulated single olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) through photo-activation within an intact neuronal network. Using the Gal4-UAS system two ...
Kojima Masanobu - - 2010
Although coloration in plants is ascribable to both the accumulation of anthocyanin pigments in vacuoles and to the acidification of vacuolar pH, the environmental factors causing the decrease in vacuolar pH are unknown. We found that blue-light irradiation of buckwheat seedlings using light-emitting diodes caused reddening on the surface of ...
Azari Raviv - - 2010
Due to its economic importance, ease of genetic manipulation, cultivation and processing, the tomato plant has been a target for increasing and diversifying content of fruit phytonutrients by transgenic and non-transgenic approaches. The tomato high pigment (hp) mutations exemplify the latter alternative and due to their positive effect on fruit ...
Kami Chitose - - 2010
Plants are sessile and photo-autotrophic; their entire life cycle is thus strongly influenced by the ever-changing light environment. In order to sense and respond to those fluctuating conditions higher plants possess several families of photoreceptors that can monitor light from UV-B to the near infrared (far-red). The molecular nature of ...
Fukunaga Kazunari - - 2010
The ascorbic acid (AsA) content and the mRNA levels of L-galactose-1-phosphate phosphatase (GPPase), and L-galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase (GalLDH) increased by intense light, and decreased in the dark. Moreover, the promoter regions of GPPase and GalLDH contained light responsible cis-elements. These results suggest that in rice, AsA synthesis is regulated by light.
Hideg Eva - - 2010
Contributions of preventive and antioxidant (energy dissipating and singlet oxygen neutralizing) processes to tolerating high light stress (photoinhibition) were examined in green-house grown tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants acclimated to high or low light conditions and also in sun and shade leaves collected from a natural grown linden tree (Tilia platyphyllos). ...
Rodriguez-Romero Julio - - 2010
Light is one of the most important environmental factors for orientation of almost all organisms on Earth. Whereas light sensing is of crucial importance in plants to optimize light-dependent energy conservation, in nonphotosynthetic organisms, the synchronization of biological clocks to the length of a day is an important function. Filamentous ...
Whelan Joseph - - 2010
Human seizure disorders represent a heterogeneous collection of neuropathies, many of which are poorly understood. To investigate the etiology of seizure disorders, we have used a group of Drosophila mutants known as the bang-sensitive (BS) paralytics. The BS mutants exhibit seizure-like activity (SLA) following a wide variety of insults including ...
Steyaert Johanna M - - 2010
A characteristic feature of Trichoderma is the production of concentric rings of conidia in response to alternating light/dark conditions and a single ring of conidia in response to a single burst of light. In this study, conidiation was investigated in four biocontrol isolates (T. hamatum, T. atroviride, T. asperellum, T. ...
Shichijo Chizuko - - 2010
Contrary to the established notion that the apical hook of dark-grown dicotyledonous seedlings opens in response to light, we found in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) that the apical hook curvature is exaggerated by light. Experiments with several tomato cultivars and phytochrome mutants, irradiated with red and far-red light either as ...
Atia A - - 2009
Interaction of salinity, nitrate, light, and seed weight on the germination of Crithmum maritimum was investigated. Seeds of three size categories were germinated at 0-200 mM NaCl with either 0, 5 or 20 mM KNO 3 . Experiments were done under darkness, white light, or red light. Regardless of seed ...
Charron Jean-Benoit F - - 2009
Although landscapes of several histone marks are now available for Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa, such profiles remain static and do not provide information about dynamic changes of plant epigenomes in response to developmental or environmental cues. Here, we analyzed the effects of light on four histone modifications (acetylation and ...
Avila-Pérez Marcela - - 2010
The sigma(B)-dependent general stress response in the common soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis can be elicited by a range of stress factors, such as starvation or an ethanol, salt, or heat shock, via a complex upstream signaling cascade. Additionally, sigma(B) can be activated by blue light via the phototropin homologue YtvA, ...
Koole Sander L - - 2010
To maintain religious standards, individuals must frequently endure aversive or forsake pleasurable experiences. Yet religious individuals on average display higher levels of emotional well-being compared to nonreligious individuals. The present article seeks to resolve this paradox by suggesting that many forms of religion may facilitate a self-regulatory mode that is ...
Wang Fang-Fang - - 2010
The stomatal pores of higher plants enable gaseous exchange into and out of leaves for photosynthesis and evaporation. Stomatal opening is induced by both blue and red lights. It is shown that blue light-induced stomatal opening is mediated by the blue light receptor phototropins (PHOT1 and PHOT2) and cryptochromes (CRY1 ...
Zhang Yu - - 2010
In Arabidopsis thaliana, de-etiolated 1 mutants (det1) grown in the dark resemble light-grown wild-type seedlings. Arabidopsis DET1 encodes a 62 kD protein, which is a negative regulator of light signaling. UV-damaged DNA-binding protein 1 (DDB1) was initially identified due to its role in human DNA damage repair. Arabidopsis has two ...
Halliday Karen J - - 2009
Light is vital for plant growth and development: It provides energy for photosynthesis, but also reliable information on seasonal timing and local habitat conditions. Light sensing is therefore of paramount importance for plants. Thus, plants have evolved sophisticated light receptors and signaling networks that detect and respond to changes in ...
Leivar Pablo P Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California-Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2009
Light signals perceived by the phytochromes induce the transition from skotomorphogenic to photomorphogenic development (deetiolation) in dark-germinated seedlings. Evidence that a quadruple mutant (pifq) lacking four phytochrome-interacting bHLH transcription factors (PIF1, 3, 4, and 5) is constitutively photomorphogenic in darkness establishes that these factors sustain the skotomorphogenic state. Moreover, photoactivated ...
Looser Jens - - 2009
The flagellate Euglena gracilis contains as photoreceptor complex a heterotetrameric light-sensitive adenylyl cyclase (AC), consisting of the flavoproteins PACalpha and PACbeta. Previously, we demonstrated the functional expression of PACalpha and PACbeta in oocytes from Xenopus laevis and of PACalpha in different animal cell types. Both yielded a blue light-induced increase ...
Qiao Fei - - 2010
Pattern formation in plants has to cope with ambient variability and therefore must integrate environmental cues such as light. Synchrony of cell divisions was previously observed in cell files of tobacco suspension cultures, which represents a simple case of pattern formation. To develop cellular approaches for light-dependent patterning, light-responsive tobacco ...
Suzuki Rog?rio M - - 2010
Catasetum fimbriatum plants cultivated in the absence of light exhibit continuous shoot growth leading to the formation of nodes and internodes. On the other hand, when these plants are incubated in the presence of light, shoot longitudinal growth is inhibited and pseudobulbs develop just below the shoot apical meristem. These ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >