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Lin Ying-Hsuan - - 2014
Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) produced from reactive uptake and multiphase chemistry of isoprene epoxydiols (IEPOX) has been found to contribute substantially (upwards of 33%) to fine organic aerosol mass over the southeastern U.S. Brown carbon (BrC) in rural areas of this region has been linked to secondary sources in summer ...
Nie Baoqing B Micro-Nano Innovations (MiNI) Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Davis, USA. - - 2014
A microfluidic tactile sensing device has been first reported for three-dimensional contact force measurement utilizing the microfluidic interfacial capacitive sensing (MICS) principle. Consisting of common and differential microfluidic sensing elements and topologically micro-textured surfaces, the microfluidic sensing devices are intended not only to resolve normal mechanical loads but also to ...
Jerin Claudia C German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders, Grosshadern Medical Center, University of Munich, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377, Munich, Germany, - - 2014
Ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMPs) represent extraocular muscle activity in response to vestibular stimulation. oVEMP amplitudes are known to increase with increasing upward gaze angle, while the patient fixates a visual target. We investigated two different methods of presenting a visual target during oVEMP recordings. 57 healthy subjects were ...
Khodabakhsh Amir - - 2014
We present a new method of optical frequency comb spectroscopy that combines cavity enhancement with frequency modulation to obtain immunity to laser frequency-to-amplitude noise conversion by the cavity modes and, thus, high absorption sensitivity over a broad spectral range. A frequency comb is locked to a cavity with a free ...
Chugh Brige P BP Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N2, - - 2014
Gated radiotherapy is used to reduce internal motion margins, escalate target dose, and limit normal tissue dose; however, its temporal accuracy is limited. Beam-on and beam-off time delays can lead to treatment inefficiencies and/or geographic misses; therefore, AAPM Task Group 142 recommends verifying the temporal accuracy of gating systems. Many ...
Kastberger Gerald G Department of Zoology, University Graz, Graz, Austria, - - 2014
The open nesting behaviour of giant honeybees (Apis dorsata) accounts for the evolution of a series of defence strategies to protect the colonies from predation. In particular, the concerted action of shimmering behaviour is known to effectively confuse and repel predators. In shimmering, bees on the nest surface flip their ...
Hove Michael J - - 2014
Synchronizing movements with a beat requires rapid compensation for timing errors. The phase-correction response (PCR) has been studied extensively in finger tapping by shifting a metronome onset and measuring the adjustment of the following tap time. How the response unfolds during the subsequent tap cycle remains unknown. Using motion capture, ...
Xu Jing-Wen - - 2014
Silver orthophosphate (Ag3PO4) is a low band-gap photocatalyst that has received considerable research interest in recent years. In this work, the magnetically Ag3PO4/TiO2/Fe3O4 heterostructured nanocomposite is synthesized. The nanocomposite exhibits remarkably enhanced photocatalytic activity, cycling stability and long-term durability in the photodegradation of acid orange 7 (AO7) under visible light. ...
Kalron Alon A Multiple Sclerosis Center, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel; Department of Physical Therapy, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Balance and gait deficits are common in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Physical interventions directed at improving balance and walking abilities have implemented using various approaches. Nonetheless, no mode of training has been universally agreed upon. To determine if textured insoles have immediate effects on postural control and spatiotemporal parameters ...
Tudor-Locke Catrine C Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, - - 2014
To compare step outputs obtained from waist and wrist accelerometer attachment sites under laboratory and free-living conditions. In the laboratory condition participants concurrently wore ActiGraph accelerometers at their waist and non-dominant wrist while walking/running at treadmill speeds between 14 m/min and 188 m/min. Visually counted steps served as a criterion ...
Ding Shiqian S Centre for Quantum Technologies, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 2, 117543 Singapore, - - 2014
We experimentally demonstrate microwave control of the motional state of a trapped ion placed in a state-dependent potential generated by a running optical lattice. Both the optical lattice depth and the running lattice frequency provide tunability of the spin-motion coupling strength. The spin-motional coupling is exploited to demonstrate sideband cooling ...
Martien Sofie S Department of Kinesiology, KU Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
The primary purpose of this study was to assess the validity of two motion sensors in measuring steps in institutionalized older adults during daily life activities. Sixty-eight nursing home residents (85.8 ± 5.6 years) were equipped with a hip-worn and ankle-worn piezoelectric pedometer (New Lifestyles 2000) and with an arm-mounted ...
Tomita Rafael Jun RJ Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP, São Paulo, - - 2014
A simple, environmentally friendly and cost-effective method was used to synthesize silver nanoparticles using tryptophan and light. To prepare the nanoparticles, the following components were used: deionized water, silver nitrate, light and tryptophan. The effects of the tryptophan concentration and light exposure time on the formation of tryptophan silver nanoparticles ...
Puckett Robert T RT Center for Urban and Structural Entomology, Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-2143, - - 2014
During 2009, 2010, and 2011, the reproductive dispersal flight phenology of Formosan subterranean termites (Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki) was assessed on Galveston Island, TX, via LED light-based termite alate traps. In all three years, traps were deployed at sampling sites before the initiation of C. formosanus dispersal flights, and retrieved weekly ...
Gao Peng P School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, - - 2014
The nanostructures of TiO2 significantly affect its photocatalytic activity. In this work, various TiO2 nanostructures have been successfully synthesized, including one-dimensional (1D) TiO2 nanotube, 1D TiO2 nanowire, three-dimensional (3D) TiO2 sphere assembled by nanoparticles (TiO2 sphere-P) and 3D TiO2 sphere assembled by nanosheets (TiO2 sphere-S). The results of photodegradation activity ...
Filippini Renata R Department of Physical Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, and Occupational Therapy, School of Medicine, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To determine the feasibility and applicability of a clinical backward masking test, focusing on the analysis of inter-stimuli interval, and not on the intensity thresholds as it has been traditionally done, thus proposing a new paradigm for temporal masking assessment. The test consisted of the presentation of a target tone ...
Yang Xiaoyan - - 2014
Dark count rate is one of the key parameters limiting the performance of the superconducting nanowire single photon detector (SNSPD). We have designed a multi-layer film bandpass filter that can be integrated onto the SNSPD to suppress the dark counts contributed by the stray light and blackbody radiation of the ...
Khan Mohammad Mansoob MM School of Chemical Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongbuk 712-749, South - - 2014
Ag@CeO2 nanocomposites were synthesized by a biogenic and green approach using electrochemically active biofilms (EABs) as a reducing tool. The as-synthesized Ag@CeO2 nanocomposites were characterized and used in antimicrobial, visible light photocatalytic and photoelectrode studies. The Ag@CeO2 nanocomposites showed effective and efficient bactericidal activities and survival test against Escherichia coli ...
Zweifel Claudio C Institute for Food Safety and Hygiene, Vetsuisse Faculty University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 272, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cattle carcasses from two abattoirs were examined at selected stages of slaughter (skinning, evisceration, trimming, washing, blast chilling) for aerobic colony counts (ACC) and Enterobacteriaceae. At each stage and abattoir, 50 carcasses were sampled by swabbing at the neck, brisket, flank and rump. After skinning, average ACC on carcasses was ...
Thode Aaron M - - 2014
Annual federal stock assessment surveys for Alaskan sablefish also attempt to measure sperm whale depredation by quantifying visual evidence of depredation, including lip remains and damaged fish. A complementary passive acoustic method for quantifying depredation was investigated during the 2011 and 2012 survey hauls. A combination of machine-aided and human ...
Valev V K VK NanoPhotonics Centre, Cavendish Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE, - - 2014
Circularly polarized light is incident on a nanostructured chiral meta-surface. In the nanostructured unit cells whose chirality matches that of light, superchiral light is forming and strong optical second harmonic generation can be observed.
Shmakov Sergey S Institute of Molecular Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 123182, - - 2014
During the process of prokaryotic CRISPR adaptation, a copy of a segment of foreign deoxyribonucleic acid referred to as protospacer is added to the CRISPR cassette and becomes a spacer. When a protospacer contains a neighboring target interference motif, the specific small CRISPR ribonucleic acid (crRNA) transcribed from expanded CRISPR ...
Gelsinger S L SL Department of Animal Science, Pennsylvania State University, University Park - - 2014
Ultraviolet light is being employed for bacterial inactivation in milk for calves; however, limited evidence is available to support the claim that UV light effectively inactivates bacteria found in milk. Thus, the objective of this observational study was to investigate the efficacy of on-farm UV light treatment in reducing bacteria ...
Hakimiha Neda N Laser Research Center of Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Streptococcus mutans is the main etiological agent for dental caries. Recently, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been introduced as a new modality in bacterial decontamination. Objective: This in vitro study was carried out to evaluate the susceptibility of Streptococcus mutans to antibacterial PDT using two different photosensitizers and light sources. Material ...
Popoff S M SM Department of Applied Physics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, - - 2014
We demonstrate order of magnitude coherent control of total transmission of light through random media by shaping the wave front of the input light. To understand how the finite illumination area on a wide slab affects the maximum values of total transmission, we develop a model based on random matrix ...
Cendrowski Krzysztof K Centre of Knowledge Based Nanomaterials and Technologies, Institute of Chemical and Environment Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland, - - 2014
In this paper, we study synthesis and characteristics of mesoporous silica nanotubes modified by titanium dioxide, as well as their antimicrobial properties and influence on mitochondrial activity of mouse fibroblast L929. Nanocrystalized titania is confined in mesopores of silica nanotubes and its light activated antibacterial response is revealed. The analysis ...
Reis Marco T MT Spinal Biomechanics Laboratory, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, - - 2014
A new anchored cervical interbody PEEK spacer was devised that uses only 2 integrated variable angle screws diagonally into the adjacent vertebral bodies instead of the established device that uses 4 diagonal fixed-angle screws. To compare in vitro the stability provided by the new 2-screw interbody spacer to that of ...
Roine Irmeli I From the *University Diego Portales, Santiago, Chile; †Children's Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki University, Helsinki, Finland; ‡Pediatric Hospital David Bernardino, Luanda, Angola; §National Institute for Health and Welfare; ¶Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Audiology Section; and ‖Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki University, Helsinki, - - 2014
Hearing loss from childhood bacterial meningitis is believed to develop early and have little tendency for recovery. We performed serial hearing evaluations in a large number of children with bacterial meningitis in Luanda, Angola to clarify if, and how often, the result changed. Children with confirmed bacterial meningitis and hearing ...
Clemes Stacy A SA From the School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences (Dr Clemes), Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom; MoveLab (Dr O'Connell); Physical Activity and Exercise Research, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom; and Diabetes Research Centre (Dr Edwardson), University of Leicester, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester, Leicestershire, United - - 2014
To examine objectively determined sedentary behavior and physical activity (PA) during and outside working hours in full-time office workers. A total of 170 participants wore an ActiGraph GT1M accelerometer for 7 days. Time spent sedentary (<100 counts/min), in light-intensity PA (100 to 1951 counts/min), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (≥1952 counts/min) was ...
Xu Ping - - 2014
Based on the backlight module (BLM) with an integrated micro-optical light guide plate (MOLGP) that we proposed [Opt. Express21, 20159 (2013)], an optical model that maps the relationship between the distribution of microprisms on the bottom surface of the integrated MOLGP and the luminance of the output light is established ...
Paschoal Marco Aurelio MA 1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Araraquara Dental School, UNESP-Univ Estadual Paulist ,a, Araraquara, SP, Brazil - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Investigate the photodynamic antimicrobial effect by the combination of a novel noncoherent broad spectrum visible light and low concentrations of curcumin and toluidine blue over suspensions of Streptococcus mutans. Background data: Long illumination times to activate photosensitizers (PS) and the use of high concentrations of these drugs in ...
Schlur Laurent L Institut de Physique et Chimie des Matériaux de Strasbourg IPCMS, UMR 7504, CNRS-ECPM-Université de Strasbourg, 23 rue du loess BP 43 67034 Strasbourg cedex 2, - - 2014
Escherichia coli abatement was studied in liquid phase under visible light in the presence of two commercial titania photocatalysts, and of Fe- and Al-doped titania samples prepared by high energy ball-milling. The two commercial titania photocatalysts, Aeroxide P25 (Evonik industries) exhibiting both rutile and anatase structures and MPT625 (Ishihara Sangyo ...
Magaraci Michael S MS Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States of - - 2014
By delivering payloads in response to specific exogenous stimuli, smart bacterial therapeutics have the potential to overcome many limitations of conventional therapies, including poor targeting specificity and dosage control in current cancer treatments. Although not yet explored as a trigger for bacterial drug delivery, light is an ideal induction mechanism ...
Neumann Silke S Zentrum für Molekulare Biologie der Universität Heidelberg (ZMBH), DKFZ-ZMBH Alliance, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, - - 2014
Adaptability is an essential property of many sensory systems, enabling maintenance of a sensitive response over a range of background stimulus levels. In bacterial chemotaxis, adaptation to the preset level of pathway activity is achieved through an integral feedback mechanism based on activity-dependent methylation of chemoreceptors. It has been argued ...
Birmpa Angeliki A 0000-0002-8193-6024 Environmental Microbiology Unit, Department of Public Health, Medical School, University of Patras, Rio, 26500 Patras, - - 2014
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of three nonthermal light technologies (NUV-Vis, continuous UV, and HILP) on their ability to inactivate Escherichia coli K12 and Listeria innocua.  E. coli K12 was selected as a representative microorganism for the enterohaemorrhagic foodborne pathogen E. coli O157:H7 and L. ...
Tsuji Isamu I Biomolecular Research Laboratories Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, 26-1, Muraoka-Higashi 2-chome, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, 251-8555, - - 2014
LIGHT (TNFSF14, CD258) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) ligand superfamily, which is involved in innate and adaptive immune responses as well as in regulation of cell survival and proliferation. LIGHT forms a membrane-anchored homotrimeric complex on the cell surface and is often processed as a soluble ...
Paul E C EC Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68528, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21941-972, - - 2014
We demonstrate the use of a phase-only spatial light modulator for the measurement of transverse spatial distributions of coincidence counts between twin photon beams, in a fully automated fashion. This is accomplished by means of the polarization dependence of the modulator, which allows the conversion of a phase pattern into ...
Giorgi Maria Cecília Caldas MC Department of Restorative Dentistry Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba-SP, - - 2014
This study analyzed the influences of the light-activation protocol and softening test on the degree of conversion (DC) and Knoop Hardness (KHN) of a microhybrid resin composite. Filtek Z250 (3M ESPE) was light-activated with a third-generation light-emitting diode (Valo Ultradent) by three protocols - standard, high power, and plasma emulation ...
Gorea Andrei A Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, Université Paris Descartes & CNRS, Paris, - - 2014
A number of studies have investigated how the visual system extracts the average feature-value of an ensemble of simultaneously or sequentially delivered stimuli. In this study we model these two processes within the unitary framework of linear systems theory. The specific feature value used in this investigation is size, which ...
Davidson Gray D GD Department of Psychology, Reed College Portland, OR, - - 2014
Previous event-related potential (ERP) experiments have consistently identified two components associated with perceptual transitions of bistable visual stimuli, the "reversal negativity" (RN) and the "late positive complex" (LPC). The RN (~200 ms post-stimulus, bilateral occipital-parietal distribution) is thought to reflect transitions between neural representations that form the moment-to-moment contents of ...
Uratani Yuka Y Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho Kashihara, Nara 634-8522, - - 2014
When two tones are presented in a short interval of time, the presentation of the preceding tone (masker) suppresses the response evoked by the subsequent tone (signal). To address the processing in forward suppression, we applied 2- and 4-kHz maskers, followed by a 1-kHz signal at varying signal delays (0 ...
Chuo Yu-Jung YJ Department of Information Technology, Ling Tung University, Taichung 408, - - 2014
Scale height is an important parameter in characterizing the shape of the ionosphere and its physical processes. In this study, we attempt to examine and discuss the variation of scale height, H m , around the F-layer peak height during high solar activity at the northern crest of the equatorial ...
Reyes Bersain A BA Department of Biomedical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609, USA. - - 2014
Tracheal sounds have received a lot of attention for estimating ventilation parameters in a non-invasive way. The aim of this work was to examine the feasibility of extracting accurate airflow, and automating the detection of breath-phase onset and respiratory rates all directly from tracheal sounds acquired from an acoustic microphone ...
Chan Yu Man YM Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville VIC, - - 2014
Perceived synchrony of visual and auditory signals can be altered by exposure to a stream of temporally offset stimulus pairs. Previous literature suggests that adapting to audiovisual temporal offsets is an important recalibration to correctly combine audiovisual stimuli into a single percept across a range of source distances. Healthy aging ...
Bhatt Jay M JM University Voice and Swallowing Center, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California at Irvine Medical Center, Irvine, California, - - 2013
The effectiveness of a Cidex-based decontamination protocol was analyzed for its effectiveness in cleaning various components of a flexible fiberoptic laryngoscope (FFL), including the handle, eyepiece, and detachable light cable. A random microbiological sampling and aerobic bacterial culture analysis of 6 FFL eyepieces, 6 FFL driver handles, and 5 light ...
Rudolph Maxwell L - - 2013
arising from C. P. Conrad, B. Steinberger & T. H. Torsvik 498, 479-482 (2013)The African and Pacific large low-shear-velocity provinces (LLSVPs) at present dominate the structure of the Earth's lowermost mantle, but there is considerable debate as to whether these structures have remained fixed throughout geologic time or whether they ...
Conrad Clinton P - - 2013
replying to M. L. Rudolph & S. Zhong 503, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12792 (2013)We thank Rudolph and Zhong for their Comment, which allows us to highlight important aspects of our original Letter. In particular, they have provided an example of plate motions at 300 million years (Myr) ago (see right column of figure ...
Kramer B - - 2013
The application of broad spectrum intense light pulses is an innovative non-thermal technology for the decontamination of packaging materials, liquids or foodstuffs. The objective of this study was the fundamental investigation of the cellular impact of a pulsed light treatment on Listeria innocua and Escherichia coli. Flow cytometry in combination ...
Talebian Nasrin - - 2013
The practical use of visible-light for bactericide treatment has been established by tin oxide nanostructures synthesized using a surfactant-assisted solvothermal method. Anionic (sodium n-dodecyl sulfate, SDS), cationic (cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide, CTAB) and non-ionic (Tritron X-100) surfactants were used as morphology controlling agents. The as-synthesized nanoparticles are characterized by X-ray powder ...
Huang Wentao W J. C. Wu Center for Aerodynamics and School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, - - 2013
A homogeneous thin plate often flutters while falling through a fluid under gravity. The center of gravity of the plate moves back-and-forth horizontally and the plate tilting angle oscillates symmetrically from the horizontal. Here we show that such a scenario is qualitatively changed for a plate with noncoinciding centers of ...
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