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Takatsuji Hanako - - 2012
We designed an electrical stimulation system to safely and reliably evoke the swallowing reflex in awake humans, and then examined the neural control of reflex swallowing initiated by oropharyngeal stimulation. A custom-made electrode connected to a flexible stainless-steel coil spring tube was introduced into the pharyngeal region through the nasal ...
Althen Heike - - 2012
Contralateral acoustic stimulation (CAS) with white noise and pure tone stimuli was used to assess frequency specificity of efferent olivocochlear control of cochlear mechanics in the gerbil. Changes of the cochlear amplifier can be monitored by distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) which are a byproduct of the nonlinear amplification by ...
Raya Rafael - - 2012
This work aims to create an advanced human-computer interface called ENLAZA for people with cerebral palsy (CP). Although there are computer-access solutions for disabled people in general, there are few evidences from motor disabled community (e.g., CP) using these alternative interfaces. The proposed interface is based on inertial sensors in ...
McCarthy Chris C NICTA Canberra Research Laboratory, Canberra ACT, - - 2012
The perception of independently moving objects in the scene is an important capability for prosthetic vision, but is impeded by the limited resolution and dynamic range of current and near-term retinal prostheses. We propose a novel, biologically-inspired visual representation for prosthetic vision based on the recovery of time-to-contact (τ) with ...
Jesus Marisa de Sousa Viana - - 2012
PURPOSE: To describe the articulation of the Brazilian Portuguese, by examining the tongue-palate contact in the production of consonantal phones. METHODS: The electropalatography (EPG) of the alveolar consonants of the Brazilian Portuguese produced by an individual with typical speech was used, considering the alveolar, post-alveolar, palatal, and velar rates, as ...
Luauté Jacques - - 2012
Adaptation to right-deviating prisms is a promising intervention for the rehabilitation of patients with left spatial neglect. In order to test the lateral specificity of prism adaptation on left neglect, the present study evaluated the effect of left-deviating prism on straight-ahead pointing movements and on several classical neuropsychological tests in ...
Gascuel J D - - 2012
The sense of equilibrium aggregates several interacting cues. On vestibular areflexic patients, vision plays a major role. We developed an immersive therapeutic platform, based on 3D opto-kinetic stimulation that enables to tune the difficulty of the balance task by managing the type of optic flow and its speed. The balance ...
da Silva Hésojy Gley Pereira Vital HG Faculty of Medical Sciences of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas (FM UNICAMP) - Campinas, SP, - - 2012
Demonstrate the presence and magnitude of biomechanical variables during gait in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) and the relationship with the knee loading. Gait of 21 subjects diagnosed with medial knee OA was evaluated and compared to the control group. THE GROUP WITH OA SHOWED: Lower gait speed (0.8 ...
Pastor Isaac I School of Computing, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84121 USA. - - 2012
A new low-cost system for rehabilitation of the impaired upper limb for stroke survivors is presented. A computer game was developed specifically for this purpose and the user's impaired upper extremity is tracked using a downward-pointed Kinect, an inexpensive motion capture system commercially available from Microsoft. A Kalman filter was ...
Peng GuoChen G Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627-0231, USA. - - 2012
The development of sensitive, non-contact electric field sensors to measure weak bioelectric signals will be useful for the development of a number of unobtrusive health sensors. In this paper we summarize our recent work on a number of specific challenges in the development of non-contact ECG sensors. First, we considered ...
White Peter A - - 2012
Stimuli were presented in which a moving object (A) contacted a stationary object (B), whereupon both objects moved back in the direction from which object A had come. When object B rapidly decelerated to a standstill, so that the two objects did not remain in contact, object B was perceived ...
Maccrimmon D - - 2012
Objective. To explore the Quantitative EEG (QEEG) effects of established clozapine therapy regimes compared to those of previous ineffective antipsychotic regimes among 64 chronic (DSM-IV) schizophrenic patients. Methods. Data from 20 EEG channels referenced to linked ears were collected before and during maintenance clozapine therapy (mean duration 1.4 years). Absolute ...
Yunusova Yana - - 2012
The relations between acoustic measures and their articulatory bases have rarely been tested in dysarthria but are important for diagnostic and treatment purposes. We tested the association between acoustic measures of F2 range and F2 slope with kinematic measures of tongue movement displacement and speed in individuals with amyotrophic lateral ...
Widmer Antoine A Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada. - - 2012
Virtual Reality (VR) simulators can offer alternatives for training procedures in the medical field. Most current VR simulators consider single-node contact for interacting with an object to convey displacement and force on a discrete mesh. However, a single-node contact does not closely simulate palpation, which requires a surface made of ...
Shosted Ryan - - 2012
There is increasing evidence that fine articulatory adjustments are made by speakers to reinforce and sometimes counteract the acoustic consequences of nasality. However, it is difficult to attribute the acoustic changes in nasal vowel spectra to either oral cavity configuration or to velopharyngeal opening (VPO). This paper takes the position ...
Abbas G - - 2011
PURPOSE. To assess normal patellar tracking during walking using the 9-camera infrared system. METHODS. Four men and 6 women aged 25 to 33 (mean, 29) years each performed 16 walking trials on one occasion. They had prominent patellae with minimal soft tissues (minimising skin artefacts), and their knees and lower ...
Ordin Mikhail - - 2011
The presented study is aimed at investigating the interaction of palatalization and intrinsic prosodic features of the vowel in CVC (consonant+vowel+consonant) syllables in Russian. The universal nature of intrinsic prosodic vowel features was confirmed with the data from the Russian language. It was found that palatalization of the consonants affects ...
Hasuo Emi - - 2011
This study investigated how the temporal characteristics, particularly durations, of sounds affect the perceived duration of very short interonset time intervals (120-360 ms), which is important for rhythm perception in speech and music. In four experiments, the subjective duration of single time intervals marked by two sounds was measured utilizing the ...
Horwitz Amy R - - 2011
Compression in the basilar-membrane input-output response flattens the temporal envelope of a fluctuating signal when more gain is applied to lower level than higher level temporal components. As a result, level-dependent changes in gap detection for signals with different depths of envelope fluctuation and for subjects with normal and impaired ...
Donoiu I I Department of Cardiology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova, - - 2011
Signal averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) is a well-established noninvasive method of exploration in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death. The time-domain SAECG analysis has a set of well-defined standards, including the value of accepted noise level. In very rare instances, the final noise level appears to remain unacceptably high even ...
Frantsevich Leonid - - 2011
Transient movements of the elytra (opening and closing) were filmed in beetles tethered from below. A total of 39 specimens of 18 species representing 11 families were examined. Bright markers glued to the elytra were traced frame by frame. Body-fixed 3D traces of apical and shoulder markers were reconstructed. Shapes ...
Chun Changho - - 2011
A facile and sensitive immunoassay protocol for the detection of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) was developed using gold-coated iron oxide magnetic nanoclusters and dynamic light scattering (DLS) methods. The increase in the average particle size due to AFP-mediated aggregation was measured using DLS, and the detection limit was better than 0.01 ng ...
Hornsby Benjamin W Y BW Department of Hearing and Speech Science, Dan Maddox Hearing Aid Research Laboratory, Vanderbilt University, Vanderbilt Bill Wilkerson Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA. - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of degree and configuration of hearing loss on the use of, and benefit from, information in amplified high- and low-frequency speech presented in background noise. Sixty-two adults with a wide range of high- and low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (5 to ...
Juárez D - - 2011
The aim of this study was to describe the kinematic pattern of the kicking movement of young top-class soccer players focusing in examining the linear joint markers velocity of the leg kick and the segments angular position. Maximal instep kicks performed by 21 young top-class soccer players (16.1±0.2 years) were ...
Warner M B - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to examine the acromion marker cluster (AMC) method of measuring scapular kinematics during the arm lowering, eccentric, phase. Twenty six participants completed arm elevation and lowering in the sagittal, frontal and scapular plane. The participants held their arm at 30° increments while the ...
Gutu Andrian - - 2011
Chromatic acclimation (CA) provides many cyanobacteria with the ability to tailor the properties of their light-harvesting antennae to the spectral distribution of ambient light. CA was originally discovered as a result of its dramatic cellular phenotype in red and green light. However, discoveries over the past decade have revealed that ...
Shih Yen-Yu I YY Research Imaging Institute, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2011
To demonstrate lamina-specific functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of retinal and choroidal responses to visual stimulation of graded luminance, wavelength, and frequency. High-resolution (60 × 60 μm) MRI was achieved using the blood-pool contrast agent, monocrystalline iron oxide nanoparticles (MION) and a high-magnetic-field (11.7 T) scanner to image functional changes ...
Mellon S J - - 2011
The occurrence of pseudotumours (soft tissue masses relating to the hip joint) following metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (MoMHRA) has been associated with high serum metal ion levels and consequently higher than normal bearing wear. We investigated the relationship between serum metal ion levels and contact stress on the acetabular component ...
Zhang Hui - - 2011
Three experiments examined the role of reference directions in spatial updating. Participants briefly viewed an array of five objects. A non-egocentric reference direction was primed by placing a stick under two objects in the array at the time of learning. After a short interval, participants detected which object had been ...
Takahashi J - - 2011
This paper proposes a new control device based on tongue motions to control and communicate with a support system for a paralyzed patient. We focus on the tongue movements as one of output of human intentions, because the tongue has one of capable parts for the motions and it does ...
Schmidt Arne K D AK Zoology, Karl-Franzens-University, Universitätsplatz 2, 8010 Graz, Austria. - - 2011
Because of call frequency overlap and masking interference, the airborne sound channel represents a limited resource for communication in a species-rich cricket community like the tropical rainforest. Here we studied the frequency tuning of an auditory neuron mediating phonotaxis in the rainforest cricket Paroecanthus podagrosus, suffering from strong competition, in ...
Sinn Petra - - 2011
Saccades move objects of interest into the center of the visual field for high-acuity visual analysis. White, Stritzke, and Gegenfurtner (Current Biology, 18, 124-128, 2008) have shown that saccadic latencies in the context of a structured background are much shorter than those with an unstructured background at equal levels of ...
Bulakowski Paul F PF Department of Psychology, University of California-Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2011
Peripheral objects and their features become indistinct when closely surrounding but nonoverlapping objects are present. Most models suggest that this phenomenon, called crowding, reflects limitations of visual processing, but an intriguing idea is that it may be, in part, adaptive. Specifically, the mechanism generating crowding may simultaneously facilitate ensemble representations ...
de Kinkelder Roy - - 2011
To investigate the cause of axial eye motion artifacts that occur in optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of the retina. Understanding the cause of these motions can lead to improved OCT image quality and therefore better diagnoses. Twenty-seven measurements were performed on 5 subjects. Spectral domain OCT images at the ...
Arvind Hemamalini - - 2011
The blue-on-yellow multifocal visual evoked potential (BonY mfVEP) stimulus is more sensitive than the conventional black-and-white pattern-reversal stimulus in identifying early glaucoma. BonY employs pattern-onset stimulation and lower luminance contrast (40%) in addition to color. This study was conducted to elucidate the mechanism responsible for the enhanced performance of the ...
Wang Yinan - - 2011
Longitudinal chromatic aberration (LCA) provides a cue to accommodation with small pupils. However, large pupils increase monochromatic aberrations, which may obscure chromatic blur. In this study, we examined the effect of pupil size and LCA on accommodation. Accommodation was recorded by infrared optometer while observers (nine normal trichromats) viewed a ...
Poom Leo - - 2011
Response times (RTs) were measured in a postgrouping visual identification task. Shapes composed of multiple elements were distinguished by color, motion, orientation, and spatial frequency alone or in pairwise conjunctions. The largest amount of redundancy gain, requiring coactivation as revealed by a race model analysis, was obtained with color-motion conjunctions. ...
Roach Neil W - - 2011
Cortical motion analysis continuously encodes image velocity but might also be used to predict future patterns of sensory input along the motion path. We asked whether this predictive aspect of motion is exploited by the human visual system. Targets can be more easily detected at the leading as compared to ...
Gröschel Moritz - - 2011
Noise exposure at high intensities leads to a temporary shift of hearing thresholds (TTS) and is followed by a permanent threshold shift (PTS). Permanent threshold shift is not only associated with cochlear damage as the primary site-of-lesion, but also with subsequent structural and functional changes within the central auditory pathway. ...
Caclin Anne - - 2011
Whether or not multisensory interactions can improve detection thresholds, and thus widen the range of perceptible events is a long-standing debate. Here we revisit this question, by testing the influence of auditory stimuli on visual detection threshold, in subjects exhibiting a wide range of visual-only performance. Above the perceptual threshold, ...
Zeng Xu - - 2011
An optical correlator that utilizes one phase-only spatial light modulator (SLM) combined with a mirror is proposed and demonstrated. This system is compressed by displaying the input and filter pattern on different parts of the same SLM. The background noise is separated from the correlation signal by superimposing a high-frequency ...
Jung Yong Ju - - 2011
Human perception becomes difficult in the event of binocular color fusion when the color difference presented for the left and right eyes exceeds a certain threshold value, known as the binocular color fusion limit. This paper discusses the binocular color fusion limit for non-spectral colors within the color gamut of ...
White Peter A - - 2011
In 4 experiments, participants made judgments about forces exerted and resistances put up by objects involved in described interactions. Two competing hypotheses were tested: (1) that judgments are derived from the same knowledge base that is thought to be the source of perceptual impressions of forces that occur with visual ...
Mok Kam-Ming - - 2011
This study presented a model-based image-matching (MBIM) motion analysis technique for ankle joint kinematic measurement. Five cadaveric below-hip specimens were manipulated through a full range of ankle joint motions in bare-foot and shoed conditions. The ankle motions were analyzed by bone-pin marker-based motion analysis and MBIM motion analysis techniques respectively. ...
Aaen-Stockdale C - - 2011
We investigated whether changes in low-level image characteristics, in this case spatial frequency, were capable of generating a well-known expansion in the perceived duration of an infrequent "oddball" stimulus relative to a repeatedly-presented "standard" stimulus. Our standard and oddball stimuli were Gabor patches that differed from each other in spatial ...
Zhou Victor W - - 2011
Accurate attenuation correction is important for quantitative positron emission tomography (PET) studies. When performing transmission measurements using an external rotating radioactive source, object motion during the transmission scan can distort the attenuation correction factors computed as the ratio of the blank to transmission counts, and cause errors and artefacts in ...
von Tscharner Vinzenz - - 2011
The surface electromyographic (EMG) signal (EMG signal) recorded on some areas of the body, especially from the trunk, is often contaminated with heart muscle electrical activity (ECG) caused by the proximity of the collection sites to the heart. It is therefore necessary to suppress or separate the ECG signal from ...
Leung Ada W S - - 2011
Since the introduction of the concept of auditory scene analysis, there has been a paucity of work focusing on the theoretical explanation of how attention is allocated within a complex auditory scene. Here we examined signal detection in situations that promote either the fusion of tonal elements into a single ...
Mulsow Jason - - 2011
Measurements of the electrophysiological auditory steady-state response (ASSR) have proven to be efficient for evaluating hearing sensitivity in odontocete cetaceans. In an effort to expand these methods to pinnipeds, ASSRs elicited by single and multiple simultaneous tones were used to measure aerial hearing thresholds in several California sea lions (Zalophus ...
Plainis Sotiris - - 2011
To assess whether there are any advantages of binocular over monocular vision under blur conditions. The effect of defocus, induced by positive lenses, was measured on the pattern reversal visual evoked potential (VEP) and on visual acuity (VA). Monocular (dominant eye) and binocular VEPs were recorded from 13 volunteers (average ...
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