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Results 551 - 600 of 828
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Gahlen J - - 2001
Bilateral neck exploration is the standard procedure of primary hyperparathyroidism. Preoperative localization is not mandatory. Intraoperative visualization methods help to avoid unsuccessful explorations and to reduce morbidity rates. In our study, the application of 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), a precursor in the heme biosynthesis pathway, led to Protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) accumulation ...
Teranishi K - - 2001
Analogues of the light-producing substrate 2-methyl-6-(4-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-alpha]pyrazin-3(7H)-one, with restrictions on the dihedral angles between the pyrazine and the 4-methoxyphenyl rings, were synthesized. These compounds were used to investigate the effects of the conformation between the pyrazine and 4-methoxyphenyl rings on their chemiluminescence efficiencies in aqueous solutions. The effects of the conformation ...
Xue G - - 2001
A computer-controlled galvanometer scanner is adapted for scanning a focused laser beam across a 96-capillary array for laser-induced fluorescence detection. The signal at a single photomultiplier tube is temporally sorted to distinguish among the capillaries. The limit of detection for fluoresceins is 3 x 10(-11) M (S/N = 3) for ...
Uchiyama K - - 2001
A blue-light-emitting diode was incorporated as a fluorescence-excitation light source into a polyester microchannel chip fabricated by in situ polymerization. Placing the light-emitting facet of the diode close to the microchannel obviated any need for an additional optical arrangement. Fluorescence from the sample was transmitted by an optical fiber incorporated ...
Malvezzi-Campeggi F - - 2001
Green fluorescent protein (GFP) from jellyfish Aequorea victoria, the powerful genetically encoded tag presently available in a variety of mutants featuring blue to yellow emission, has found a red-emitting counterpart. The recently cloned red fluorescent protein DsRed, isolated from Discosoma corals (), with its emission maximum at 583 nm, appears ...
Pavelka J - - 2001
A dominant mutation Curly (Cy), frequently used as a marker on the second chromosome in Drosophila melanogaster, was previously shown to be suppressed by several factors, including larval crowding, low temperature, and fluorescent light. While the first two factors affect this mutation only partially, fluorescent tube exposed flies exhibit an ...
O'Brien Ii M J - - 2001
We present a new, simple, inexpensive, and highly precise approach to excited-state fluorescence-lifetime-based measurements. The detection system consists of a closed-loop optoelectronic arrangement containing a radio frequency resonance amplifier, a fluorescence excitation light source, a fiber-optic delay line, and a photodetector. The system exhibits auto-oscillations in the form of intensity ...
Raymo F M - - 2001
[see reaction]. Ultraminiaturized processors incorporating molecular components can be developed only after devising efficient strategies to communicate signals at the molecular level. We have demonstrated that a three-state molecular switch responds to ultraviolet light, visible light, and H+, attenuating the emission intensity of a fluorescent probe. Intermolecular communication is responsible ...
Skribanek A - - 2001
Protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) and protochlorophyll (Pchl) were found in epicotyls of 14-day-old dark-germinated seedlings and in 100-day-old dark-grown stems of red oak (Quercus rubra L.). Fluorescence spectroscopy measurements of epicotyls at 77 K showed that the majority of Pchlide and Pchl is present as a shorter wavelength-emitting monomer with a fluorescence ...
Calvo W J - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Standard tissue staining using the lipid dye Oil-Red-O has been previously applied to stain vessel specimens, which were embolized with a mixture of n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) and oil (Lipiodol). That technique, however, results in nonspecific and nonquantitative staining that does not provide the necessary differentiation between NBCA ...
Richardson A D - - 2001
Relationships among elevation, foliar morphology, spectral reflectance, and chlorophyll fluorescence of two co-occurring montane conifers, red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) and balsam fir (Abies balsamea [L.] Mill.), were investigated along two transects from 460 to 1460 m on Mt. Moosilauke in the White Mountains of New Hampshire, USA. Spectral reflectance ...
Jaruratanasirikul S - - 2001
Bactericidal activity of ceftazidime is determined by the time that concentrations in tissue and serum are above the MIC for the pathogens during the dosing interval. Thus, the most effective mode of administration of ceftazidime is continuous infusion. However, this agent is light sensitive which may result in instability when ...
Veitch J A - - 2001
Full-spectrum fluorescent lighting (FSFL) has been credited with causing dramatic improvements in vision, perception and cognitive performance as compared with other fluorescent lamp types. These effects are hypothesized to occur because of similarity between FSFL emissions and daylight, which is said to have evolutionary superiority over other light sources. This ...
Lazár D - - 2001
Several methods for determination of the antenna heterogeneity of Photosystem II from fluorescence rise curves measured with DCMU have been developed so far. Using these methods, two, three or four types of Photosystem II with respect to the antenna heterogeneity were determined. However, the accuracy of some of these methods ...
Basso M R MR - - 2001
A study was conducted to determine differences between psychophysiological responses to acoustic stress under different ambient lighting conditions. Typical cool-white indoor lighting was compared to full-spectrum lighting under dim and bright illumination levels. Full-spectrum lighting exhibits spectral characteristics that approximate those found in natural sunlight. The startle response was measured ...
Yova D - - 2001
Emission and excitation spectra of collagen were recorded in the ultraviolet and visible regions. The existence of several types of chromophores absorbing and emitting throughout these spectral regions was observed. It was shown that laser irradiation at 355 and 532 nm caused collagen fluorescence photobleaching by 30%, when the delivered ...
Koblízek M - - 2001
Plants respond to excess light by a photoprotective reduction of the light harvesting efficiency. The notion that the non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence can be reliably used as an indicator of the photoprotection is put to a test here. The technique of the repetitive flash fluorescence induction is employed to ...
Andrasko J - - 2001
A method for comparison of ink entries on documents stored in different light conditions is presented. Various blue inks were exposed to light, both daylight and artificial light from fluorescent tubes. Inks were then extracted from the document and analyzed by HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography). Significant changes in composition ...
Domanskii V P - - 2001
The kinetics of formation of esterified chlorophyll in etiolated barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaves after illumination with a single flash was studied. It was found that after partial (14-24%) and after full photoreduction of protochlorophyllide, the same quantity of esterified products appear during the first 5 s after the flash. ...
Gupta I - - 2000
Treatment of diphenyl ether herbicide acifluorfen-Na (AF-Na) to intact cucumber (Cucumis sativus L cv Poinsette) seedlings induced overaccumulation of protoporphyrin IX in light (75 mumole m-2 s-1). The extra-plastidic protoporphyrin IX accumulated during the light exposure disappeared within two hours of transfer of acifluorofen-treated seedlings to darkness. The dark disappearance ...
Kostov Y - - 2000
An all-solid-state green fluorescent protein (GFP) sensor for GFP measurement was developed. It is immune to interference from ambient light and works with standard flow-through cuvettes. The sensor is practically insensitive to the scattered excitation light encountered in microbial suspensions. It has a range of 0.0002-1 g/L (7.4 x 10(-9) ...
Dicken P - - 2000
This paper reviews the current state of knowledge and practice in neonatal phototherapy, and assesses methods of evaluating the characteristics and performance of different equipment. Artificial lighting (usually fluorescent) has been used for the past 30 years in the treatment of neonatal jaundice. Widely differing light outputs and spectra are ...
Mi H - - 2000
Blue-green fluorescence emission of intact cells of Synechocystis PCC6803 and of its ndhB-defective mutant M55 was measured with a standard pulse-amplitude-modulation chlorophyll fluorometer equipped with a new type of emitter-detector unit featuring pulse-modulated UV-A measuring light and a photomultiplier detector. A special illumination program of repetitive saturating light pulses with ...
Toescu E C - - 2000
The mitochondrial membrane potential (psimito) is an important parameter not only of mitochondrial but also of cellular status. Prolonged mitochondrial depolarization is associated with various forms of neuronal death. Assessment of mitochondrial depolarization can take advantage of the specific properties of the lipophilic dyes that distribute in a potentiometrically determined ...
Mayinger B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The present article describes light-induced autofluorescence spectroscopy using violet-blue excitation light for endoscopic in vivo measurements in the upper GI tract. The spectra of normal mucosa, cancer, and dysplastic lesions of the esophagus and stomach are presented and compared. METHODS: Over 120 spectra were obtained in 11 patients of ...
Barzda V - - 2000
Laser flash-induced changes of the fluorescence yield were studied in aggregates of light-harvesting complex II (LHCII) on a time scale ranging from microseconds to seconds. Carotenoid (Car) and chlorophyll (Chl) triplet states, decaying with lifetimes of several microseconds and hundreds of microseconds, respectively, are responsible for initial light-induced fluorescence quenching ...
Percival G C - - 2000
The influence of 2 weeks and 3 months of dark storage upon light-induced chlorogenic acid accumulation within tuber tissue of four potato cultivars and upon 5-, 4-, and 3-caffeoylquinic acid concentrations within cv. King Edward was determined. Storage period significantly affected (P < 0.05) the magnitude of the light-induced chlorogenic ...
Schottelius J - - 2000
Faeces of immunocompromised patients are often contaminated with the chitin-containing spores of microsporidia and Candida, which exclude the use of the chitin-specific fluorescent brightener Calcofluor white M2R for the identification of microsporidian spores. We developed a combination staining of Calcofluor white M2R with modified trichrome-blue staining and subsequent methylene-blue incubation ...
Wentworth M - - 2000
Non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence in plants occurs in the light harvesting antenna of photosystem II and is regulated by the xanthophyll cycle. A new in vitro model for this process has been developed. Purified light harvesting complexes above the detergent critical micelle concentration have a stable high fluorescence yield ...
Ferri G L - - 2000
Cyanine 5.18 (or Cy5) is a fluorochrome emitting in the long-red/far-red range, usually regarded as unsuitable for direct observation by the human eye. We describe here the optimization of a direct visualization approach to Cy5 labeling, based on a standard fluorescence microscope with mercury light excitation and applicable to both ...
Siffel P - - 2000
The light-induced chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence decline at 77 K was investigated in segments of leaves, isolated thylakoids or Photosystem (PS) II particles. The intensity of chlorophyll fluorescence declines by about 40% upon 16 min of irradiation with 1000 mumol m(-2) s(-1) of white light. The decline follows biphasic kinetics, which ...
Doege M - - 2000
When far red light preincubated cells of Euglena gracilis are transferred to dark or light, chlorophyll fluorescence (F(0) and F(m)) decreases. Non-photochemical quenching in the dark is suggested to be induced partly by chlororespiration and partly by changes in the distribution of excitation energy between the photosystems. Depending on the ...
Schinner K - - 2000
Fluorescence clamp (FC) is a method of directly measuring the fluxes out of Photosystem II antenna. This is achieved by a feed-back loop which controls the light intensity of light emitting diodes in order to keep the amplitude of modulated chlorophyll fluorescence constant, and by taking the intensity or the ...
Spinelli E M - - 1999
Biopotential measurements are very sensitive to electromagnetic interference (EMI). EMI gets into the acquisition system by many ways, both as differential and common mode signals, driven-right-leg circuits (DRL) are widely used to reduce common mode interference. This paper reports an improvement on the classic DRL. The proposed circuit uses a ...
Min K L - - 1999
By fluorescent results, it has been proposed that the product (excited oxyluciferin) bounded in the firefly luciferase emits the light. Also it is generally accepted that two forms (keto and enol) of the oxyluciferin emit red and yellow-green light, respectively. In order to demonstrate the existence of free emitting species ...
Rozenboim I - - 1999
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different light sources and light schedules on the growth and quality of commercial broilers. In each experiment 810 broiler chicks were divided into 3 groups, 3 replicates per group. All were reared at 20 lux. Body weight and food ...
Schmidt K F - - 1999
Dose-response relationships of agonist- induced membrane currents were obtained during accumulation of agonist and a simultaneously applied dye in the culture dish. The concentration of the dye was continuously measured using a laboratory-made photometer. When the superfusate was switched from the control solution to a test solution containing an agonist ...
Lenz P - - 1999
Samples of different animal tissues containing, at variable depth, a thin fluorescent sheet are irradiated with continuous violet or red light or with nonlinearly absorbed pulsed infrared light. The fluorescence intensity measured at the tissue surface as a function of the location of the fluorescent sheet exhibits, after a transition ...
Clavel A - - 1999
Some techniques available at our laboratory were tested for their ability to aid in the morphological diagnosis of hydatid elements (Echinococcus granulosus ["Taenia echinococcus"]) isolated from cysts in humans and sheep. Unstained, methanol-fixed hooklets were fluorescent, most starkly so under violet light (excitation filter wavelength, 405 nm; long-pass filter wavelength, ...
Sterenborg H J - - 1999
Frequency domain fluorescence measurement using two diode lasers with amplitude modulation in the kHz range yields a signal component at the sum frequency. This intermodulation phenomenon was observed in an aqueous solution of haematoporphyrin (HP) and could be related to triplet state population kinetics. This indirect measurement technique may allow ...
Gerber H - - 1999
To shed some light on the physicochemical properties of the thyroid follicular colloid, we have screened retrospectively the autoradiographs of 60 human nodular goiters labeled 17 h preoperatively with 100 microCi 125I for evidence of colloid compartmentalization. In 87% (52/60) of all goiters examined, sporadic or multiple colloidal inclusions ('colloid ...
Lagerweij M - - 1999
New optical systems are being developed that aim to determine the extent of demineralization in enamel. In our laboratory we have compared three such systems: a ring illuminator equipped with a laser, a beam splitter also equipped with a laser and an intra-oral camera equipped with a white-light arc lamp. ...
Bain D S - - 1999
Tissue reflectance spectroscopy is a widely used technique for measuring the blood content of the skin. Fluorescent strip-lighting of a type in widespread use (Osram L36 W/23 Gelbweiss-white) is a potential source of misleading artefacts in tissue reflectance spectroscopy. The fluorescent light signal has successive peaks and troughs in the ...
Enderlein J - - 1999
We present a theoretical study of a new highly efficient system for optical light collection, designed for ultrasensitive fluorescence detection of surface-bound molecules. The main core of the system is a paraboloid glass segment acting as a mirror for collecting the fluorescence. A special feature of the system is its ...
Brand S - - 1999
Light-induced fluorescence endoscopy (LIFE) has been shown to differentiate between normal mucosa and dysplastic lesions, and dysplastic lesions of the colon occult to routine white-light colonoscopy may thus be visualized by LIFE. We compared the sensitivity and specificity of LIFE to routine white-light colonoscopy in patients with colonic dysplasia. In ...
Häußinger K - - 1999
We present a newly developed diagnostic system combining a conventional light source (white light mode and two different fluorescence excitation modes), a bronchoscope and optionally a highly sensitive camera (Baumgartner et al., Photochem. Photobiol. 1987; 46(5): 759-763). Routine diagnostics can be performed with the autofluorescence bronchoscopy (AFB) and the white ...
Leonhard M - - 1999
A new autofluorescence (AF) system for bronchoscopy that operates as compact as a conventional white light bronchoscopy system is described. The system is also capable of white light illumination and excitation of aminolevulinic acid (ALA) induced fluorescence. Changing between white light and (auto-) fluorescence mode is easy and always possible. ...
Marshik P - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine optimal storage conditions for histamine diphosphate (HDP) solutions used for bronchoprovocation. DESIGN: HDP was dissolved in buffered saline solution to concentrations of 0.125 to 16 mg/mL and stored in 3-mL unit dose syringes at different temperatures for varying lengths of time, with and without protection from ...
Huber R M - - 1999
At the moment only early detection of lung cancer offers a good prognosis for the patients. Conventional white light endoscopy is mostly insufficient for early diagnosis. Therefore we developed a system of fluorescence diagnosis using 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) exogeneously applied. As precursor of the heme synthesis it is metabolized to ...
Varea M - - 1998
Cryptosporidium parvum and Isospora belli oocysts stained with carbol-fuchsin, as in a modified Ziehl Neelsen technique, fluoresce bright red under green light (546nm). Cryptosporidium oocysts tend to fluoresce more brightly the less intensely stained they appear under transmitted light; this is not the case with Isospora. Fuchsin-stained Cyclospora cayetanensis oocysts ...
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